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1.
BMJ Open ; 12(4): e056551, 2022 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35477880

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the application of indications, demographics, surgical and haemostatic techniques in tonsil surgery in three countries. DESIGN: Non-randomised, prospective, observational cohort. SETTING: All patients registered in the National Tonsil Surgery Quality Registers in Sweden, Norway and West Jutland, Denmark. PARTICIPANTS: Data were retrieved from 2017 to 2019; registered surgeries: Sweden: 20 833; Norway: 10 294 and West Jutland, Denmark: 505. RESULTS: Tonsil surgery for obstruction was twice as common in Sweden (62.2%) compared with Norway (31%) and Denmark (27.7%). Recurrent tonsillitis was registered twice as frequently in Norway (35.7%) and Denmark (39%) compared with Sweden (16.7%). Chronic tonsillitis was registered more frequently in Norway (29.8%) than in Sweden (13.8%) and Denmark (12.7%). Day surgery (>76%) was comparable. The higher frequency of obstruction in Sweden affected age and gender distributions: Sweden (7 years, 50.4% boys), Norway (17 y, 42.1%) and Denmark (19 y, 38.4%). For obstructive disorders, tonsillotomy with adenoidectomy was used in a majority of Swedish children (72%), whereas tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy dominated in Norway (53.5%) and Denmark (57.9%). Cold steel was the technique of choice for tonsillectomy in all three countries. For tonsillotomy, hot dissection techniques dominated in all countries. Disparities were observed with regard to haemostatic techniques. Bipolar diathermy was commonly used in all countries. Monopolar diathermy was practically only used in Sweden. Infiltration with epinephrine in the tonsillar bed was registered in Sweden and Norway but not at all in Denmark. Combined cold surgical and cold haemostatic techniques were more commonly used in Sweden (22.7%) than in Norway (10.4%) and Denmark (6.2%). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates disparities among the Nordic countries in tonsil surgery in terms of indications plus surgical and haemostatic techniques. Increased coverage and further monitoring of outcomes is needed to identify best practices and ideal guidelines for improved care.


Assuntos
Tonsila Palatina , Tonsilite , Criança , Dinamarca/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Noruega/epidemiologia , Tonsila Palatina/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Suécia/epidemiologia , Tonsilite/epidemiologia , Tonsilite/cirurgia
2.
Pediatr Clin North Am ; 69(2): 247-259, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35337537

RESUMO

Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy are among the most commonly performed major pediatric operations in the United States, with more than 500,000 procedures performed annually. This procedure can be performed with or without adenoidectomy. These procedures were traditionally performed for recurrent tonsillitis; however, the vast majority of tonsillectomies are currently performed for obstructive symptoms. When performed for appropriate indications, tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy can greatly improve a child's quality of life and general health. Given the prevalence of these conditions and subsequent surgical procedures, evidence-based recommendations are regularly evaluated and updated. As such, familiarity with these guidelines is necessary for pediatric practitioners. This review summarizes the indications, complications, and outcomes for tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy, as well as provides a brief overview of operative techniques.


Assuntos
Tonsilectomia , Tonsilite , Adenoidectomia/métodos , Criança , Humanos , América do Norte , Qualidade de Vida , Tonsilectomia/efeitos adversos , Tonsilectomia/métodos , Tonsilite/cirurgia
4.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 166(5): 793-794, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35259032

RESUMO

Given the high prevalence of otolaryngology infections such as tonsillitis, otitis, and pharyngitis in low and middle income countries, the field of global otolaryngology continues to grow to accommodate patients around the world. This commentary focuses on best practices in transcultural communications between US doctors and foreign patients with an emphasis on cultural competency. We use alternative medicine as an exemplar for how to collaborate with patients to develop treatment plans that respect their cultural beliefs and lifestyles. Rather than assigning value to the patient's alternative medicine practices, we believe that instructing and counseling a patient on how to incorporate follow-up visits and rehabilitation after allopathic medical procedures such as surgical tonsillectomy should be done in a way that respects the patient's preexisting health regimen. By doing so, these new aspects of their health care will take a discrete place in their wellness practices and engender more trust and better health outcomes.


Assuntos
Otolaringologia , Tonsilectomia , Tonsilite , Competência Cultural , Tomada de Decisões , Humanos , Tonsilectomia/métodos , Tonsilite/cirurgia
5.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 831887, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35295756

RESUMO

Background: The underlying pathogenesis of pediatric obstructive sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and recurrent tonsillitis (RT) are poorly understood but need to be elucidated to develop less invasive treatment and prevention strategies. Methods: Children aged between 1- and 16-years undergoing adenoidectomy, tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy for SDB (n=40), RT alone (n=18), or both SDB and RT (SDB+RT) (n=17) were recruited with age-matched healthy controls (n=33). Total bacterial load and species-specific densities of nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi), Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Moraxella catarrhalis were measured by qPCR in nasopharyngeal swabs, oropharyngeal swabs, adenoid and tonsillar tissue from children with SDB, SDB+RT and RT, and in naso- and oro- pharyngeal swabs from healthy children. A subset of tonsil biopsies were examined for biofilms using 16S rRNA FISH (n=3/group). Results: The 5 bacterial species were detected in naso- and oro- pharyngeal samples from all children. These species were frequently detected in adenotonsillar tissue (except S. aureus, which was absent in adenoids) from children with SDB, SDB+RT and RT. NTHi and S. aureus were observed in tonsils from 66.7-88.2% and 33.3-58.8% of children respectively. Similar total and species-specific bacterial densities were observed in adenotonsillar tissue from children with SDB, SDB+RT or RT. Nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal swabs were more likely to have multiple bacterial species co-detected than adenotonsillar tissue where one or two targeted species predominated. Polymicrobial biofilms and intracellular bacteria were observed in tonsils from children with adenotonsillar disease. Conclusions: Antimicrobials, particularly anti-biofilm therapies, may be a strategy for managing children with SDB.


Assuntos
Síndromes da Apneia do Sono , Tonsilite , Biofilmes , Criança , Humanos , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Staphylococcus aureus/genética , Tonsilite/tratamento farmacológico , Tonsilite/microbiologia , Tonsilite/cirurgia
6.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 279(6): 2753-2764, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35044507

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aims of this systematic review were to (1) explore the evidence for improved quality of life (QOL) in adult patients undergoing tonsillectomy because of recurrent acute tonsillitis (RT) and (2) evaluate which set of guidelines for tonsillectomy in adult RT patients is preferable, using QOL as outcome measure. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in the PubMed, Embase, and Scopus databases. RCT/cohort studies exploring the effect of elective tonsillectomy in adult RT patients using any QOL assessment tool no less than 6 months after surgery were included. Studies were divided into two guideline groups based on the number of tonsillitis episodes required for tonsillectomy (Group 1: ≥ 5; Group 2: ≤ 4). RESULTS: A total of 364 unique records were identified. Seven studies (n = 409 patients) were included in a qualitative analysis and four studies were included in a meta-analysis. Patients' QOL rose significantly, primarily because of improvements in the general and physical domains. In the meta-analysis, 96% (293/304) of patients benefitted from tonsillectomy. Patients included in guideline Group 1 studies had significantly higher QOL scores (Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI) 39.6) compared to patients in Group 2 studies (GBI 24.9) (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Adult patients undergoing tonsillectomy because of RT reported improved QOL 6-84 months after surgery. The benefit of tonsillectomy was higher among patients in studies with a higher minimum number of tonsillitis episodes compared to those included in studies with less strict criteria. Whether the improved QOL outweigh the morbidity associated with surgery in both guideline groups remains unclear.


Assuntos
Tonsilectomia , Tonsilite , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Recidiva , Tonsilite/cirurgia
7.
J Laryngol Otol ; 136(3): 243-247, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34602108

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of human papillomavirus in paediatric tonsils in Southwestern Ontario, Canada. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients aged 0-18 years undergoing tonsillectomy were recruited. Two specimens (left and right tonsils) were collected from each participant. Tonsillar DNA was analysed using quantitative polymerase chain reaction to determine the presence of human papillomavirus subtypes 6, 11, 16 or 18. RESULTS: A total of 102 patients, aged 1-18 years (mean age of 5.7 years), were recruited. Ninety-nine surveys were returned. There were 44 females (44.4 per cent) and 55 males (55.6 per cent). Forty patients (40.4 per cent) were firstborn children and 73 (73.7 per cent) were delivered vaginally. Six mothers (6.1 per cent) and one father (1.0 per cent) had prior known human papillomavirus infection, and one mother (1.0 per cent) had a history of cervical cancer. All tonsil specimens were negative for human papillomavirus subtypes 6, 11, 16 and 18. CONCLUSION: No human papillomavirus subtypes 6, 11, 16 or 18 were found in paediatric tonsil specimens from Southwestern Ontario.


Assuntos
Alphapapillomavirus/isolamento & purificação , Tonsila Palatina/virologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Síndromes da Apneia do Sono/virologia , Tonsilite/virologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Ontário , Prevalência , Síndromes da Apneia do Sono/cirurgia , Tonsilectomia , Tonsilite/cirurgia
8.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 279(5): 2671-2678, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34807284

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To report changes in adult hospital admission rates for acute ENT infections following the introduction of COVID-19-related physical interventions such as hand washing, use of face masks and social distancing of 2-m in the United Kingdom. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study comparing adult admissions with acute tonsillitis, peritonsillar abscess, epiglottitis, glandular fever, peri-orbital cellulitis, acute otitis media, acute mastoiditis, retropharyngeal abscess and parapharyngeal abscess in the 1-year period after the introduction of COVID-related physical interventions (2020-2021) with a 1-year period before this (2019-2020) in three UK secondary care ENT departments. RESULTS: In total, there were significantly fewer admissions for ENT infections (n = 1073, 57.56%, p < 0.001; RR 2.36, 95% CI [2.17, 2.56]) in the 2020-2021 period than in the 2019-2020 period. There were significant reductions in admissions for tonsillitis (64.4%; p < 0.001), peritonsillar abscess (60.68%; p < 0.001), epiglottitis (66.67%; p < 0.001), glandular fever (38.79%; p = 0.001), acute otitis media (26.85%; p = 0.01) and retropharyngeal and/or parapharyngeal abscesses (45.45%; p = 0.04). CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates a sizeable reduction in adult admissions for ENT infections since the introduction of COVID-19-related physical interventions. There is evidence to support the use of physical interventions in the prevention of viral transmission of respiratory disease. Preventing ENT infections requiring admission through simple physical interventions could be of great benefit to the quality of life of patients and economical benefit to healthcare systems.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Epiglotite , Mononucleose Infecciosa , Otite Média , Abscesso Peritonsilar , Doenças Faríngeas , Tonsilite , Adulto , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Hospitais , Humanos , Abscesso Peritonsilar/cirurgia , Abscesso Peritonsilar/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tonsilite/epidemiologia , Tonsilite/cirurgia
9.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 279(4): 2109-2115, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34338876

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Tonsillectomies are among the most common surgeries in otorhinolaryngology. A novel electrosurgical temperature-controlled instrument (device) promises rapid tonsillectomies and might reduce postoperative pain, but comparative studies to assess performance are warranted. METHODS: This randomized self-controlled clinical trial was conducted from October 2019 to October 2020 at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery of the Medical University of Vienna. Forty-eight patients underwent a tonsillectomy with the device on one side and using cold-steel with localized bipolar cauterization on the other side (control). Main outcomes were the time for tonsil removal (per side) and the time to stop bleeding (per side). Secondary measurements were postoperative pain, assessed once on day 0 and five times on days 1, 3, 5, 7, and 10. Postoperative bleeding episodes and consequences were recorded. RESULTS: Device tonsillectomies were performed significantly faster than controls; the mean surgical time difference was 209 s (p < 0.001, 95% CI 129; 288). Intraoperative blood loss was significantly lower on the device side (all p < 0.05). Postoperative measurements of pain and bleeding were similar for both sides. Two return-to-theatre secondary bleeding events were recorded for the control side. CONCLUSION: The novel electrosurgical temperature-controlled divider reduced the tonsillectomy surgical time and intraoperative blood loss, with no apparent negative effects on postoperative pain or bleeding, compared to a cold-steel tonsillectomy with localized bipolar cauterization. In time-restricted settings, the device could be beneficial, particularly after familiarization with device handling. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03793816.


Assuntos
Tonsilectomia , Tonsilite , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Eletrocirurgia , Humanos , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Tonsila Palatina/cirurgia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/cirurgia , Tonsilectomia/efeitos adversos , Tonsilite/cirurgia
10.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 166(4): 772-778, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34372707

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: There is little research on the rate and risk factors for revision tonsillectomy after primary intracapsular tonsillectomy. Our study aimed to determine the revision rate following intracapsular tonsillectomy, identify patient characteristics that may increase the probability of revision surgery, and report the tonsillar hemorrhage rate after revision. STUDY DESIGN: Level III, retrospective case-control study. SETTING: A tertiary care pediatric center (Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, Delaware). METHODS: A case-control study of pediatric patients who underwent intracapsular tonsillectomy between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2018, was performed. Patients aged 2 to 20 years were analyzed and compared with matched controls who underwent intracapsular tonsillectomy within 7 days of the same surgeon's case. In total, 169 revision procedures were included with 169 matched controls. RESULTS: A 1.39% revision rate was observed among a total of 12,145 intracapsular tonsillectomies. Among the 169 patients who underwent a revision procedure, the mean time between cases was 3.5 years. Tonsillitis was the most common diagnosis prompting revision tonsillectomy. Four (2.4%) patients underwent operative control of a postoperative tonsillar hemorrhage after revision surgery. Younger patients (P < .001) and patients with a history of gastroesophageal reflux disease (P = .006) were more likely to undergo revision tonsillectomy. CONCLUSION: Patients below age 4 years and patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease may be at increased risk of undergoing revision tonsillectomy after primary intracapsular tonsillectomy. These factors should be considered when selecting an intracapsular technique for primary tonsillectomy in pediatric patients.


Assuntos
Tonsilectomia , Tonsilite , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Tonsila Palatina/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Tonsilectomia/métodos , Tonsilite/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
11.
Ear Nose Throat J ; 101(3): NP135-NP142, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32830579

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tonsillectomy is one of the most widely recognized surgeries for tonsillitis. It is the default surgery option for obstructive sleep apnea, recurrent tonsillitis, and recurrent peritonsillar abscess. However, there are limited risk factor analyses in Saudi Arabia related to tonsillectomy. The goal of study is to evaluate and analyze the risk factors for secondary post-tonsillectomy bleeding in Saudi Arabia. METHOD: This retrospective review study was directed at King Abdullah Specialized Children's Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Univariate and multivariate investigations were performed to decide the risk factors. RESULTS: A total of 713 children were included. Post-tonsillectomy bleeding occurred in only 5.3% of tonsillectomies. There was no seasonal variation impact on post-tonsillectomy bleeding rate (P = .8). The multivariate analysis showed a significant association between post-tonsillectomy bleeding and both age (odds ratio [OR] = 1.156; 95% CI: 1.007-1.326; P = .039) and sleep disorder breathing/obstructive sleep apnea (OR = 3.581; 95% CI: 1.454-8.820; P = .006). CONCLUSION: This study revealed that age, sleep disorder/obstructive sleep apnea, and longer hospital stay after tonsillectomy are significant risk factors for post-tonsillectomy bleeding. This study provides an important baseline for further local studies in the future.


Assuntos
Tonsilectomia , Tonsilite , Criança , Análise Fatorial , Humanos , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Tonsilectomia/efeitos adversos , Tonsilite/etiologia , Tonsilite/cirurgia
13.
Bol Med Hosp Infant Mex ; 78(5): 461-466, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34571519

RESUMO

Background: A relatively frequent clinical finding in children is an asymmetric tonsil, which can have multiple etiological possibilities, including a malignant disease. The clinical finding of tonsillar asymmetry is found in approximately 2% of the pediatric population. The incidence of malignancy in the tonsils is low, estimated as 2.5 cases per 10,000 tonsillectomies. Due to its low incidence, the diagnostic tonsillectomy is not justified when tonsillar asymmetry is the only clinical finding. However, it is necessary to identify the critical clinical findings of high suspicion of malignancy that justify the performance of immediate surgery in the pediatric population. Case report: We present the case of a 10-year-old male patient. Four months before admission, the patient started with pharyngodynia and dysphagia, treated as recurrent tonsillitis. Due to exacerbation of the symptoms, orthopnea, and B symptoms, the patient came to consultation; tonsillar asymmetry was observed predominantly on the left side, with exophytic lesions extending to the hypopharynx. We decided to perform an incisional biopsy and tracheostomy due to compromised airway; histopathological diagnosis came back as B-cell lymphoma. Conclusions: Given the clinical scenario of recurrent tonsillitis, unresponsive to conventional medical treatment with antibiotics, tonsillar asymmetry with suspicious tonsillar appearance accompanied by symptoms such as fever, diaphoresis, cervical lymphadenopathy, obstructive symptoms in a pediatric patient, it is necessary to refer the patient to the specialist for timely diagnosis and treatment.


Introducción: La asimetría amigdalina es un hallazgo clínico relativamente frecuente en los niños. Se ha reportado en el 2% de la población pediátrica e incluye múltiples etiologías, entre ellas enfermedad maligna. La incidencia de malignidad es baja: se estima en 2.5 casos por cada 10,000 amigdalectomías. Por tal motivo, cuando se observa asimetría amigdalina como único hallazgo en la exploración física no se justifica la amigdalectomía con fines diagnósticos. Sin embargo, la incertidumbre de malignidad en el médico y en el paciente obliga a considerar los datos clínicos que permitan sospecharla y justificar la intervención quirúrgica. Caso clínico: Se presenta el caso de un paciente de sexo masculino de 10 años. Inició su padecimiento 4 meses previos a su ingreso hospitalario con faringodinia y disfagia, que fueron diagnosticadas y tratadas como amigdalitis recurrente. Acudió al hospital por agudización de los síntomas, evolucionando con ortopnea y síntomas B. En la exploración física se apreció asimetría amigdalina con aumento de volumen en la amígala izquierda extendida hasta la hipofaringe. Se decidió realizar una biopsia incisional y traqueostomía por compromiso respiratorio. El diagnóstico histopatológico fue linfoma de células B. Conclusiones: Ante un paciente pediátrico con amigdalitis recurrente, que no cede al tratamiento médico convencional y presenta asimetría amigdalina con aspecto sospechoso, acompañada de síntomas como fiebre, diaforesis, adenopatías cervicales y síntomas obstructivos, se deberá referir con el especialista para su diagnóstico y tratamiento oportunos.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Tonsilectomia , Tonsilite , Biópsia , Criança , Humanos , Masculino , Tonsila Palatina/cirurgia , Tonsilite/diagnóstico , Tonsilite/cirurgia
14.
Acta Otolaryngol ; 141(9): 857-859, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482779

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to many different reasons such as possible coronavirus colonization in tonsillar tissue, decreased enzymatic antiviral activity, decreased cytokine activity from palatine tonsil tissue and reduced humoral and cellular immune response, tonsillectomy may alter the incidence of Covid-19. AIMS/OBJECTIVES: To reveal the frequency of Covid-19 in patients who underwent tonsillectomy and to analyze the effect of tonsillectomy on the severity of the disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients aged between 15 and 65 and had a history of tonsillectomy were compared with control group in terms of incidence and severity of Covid-19 disease. RESULTS: A 4% Covid rRT-PCR test positivity rate was detected in patients with tonsillectomy whereas; it was 6.8% in the control group with a statistically significant difference. However, in terms of disease severity there was no difference between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS AND SIGNIFICANCE: It has been proven that tonsillectomy surgery does not pose an additional risk in terms of COVID 19 disease severity. The positive effect of tonsillectomy in terms of disease frequency has been even demonstrated for the first time in the literature.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Tonsilectomia , Tonsilite/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Teste de Ácido Nucleico para COVID-19 , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Tonsilite/diagnóstico , Tonsilite/etiologia , Turquia , Adulto Jovem
15.
Trials ; 22(1): 617, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34526073

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tonsillar surgery has been used for decades to treat recurrent and chronic tonsillitis in adults. Recurrent and chronic tonsillitis result in disturbing symptoms, treatment costs, sick leave, and impaired quality of life (QoL). Theoretically, removing all or part of the altered pathological palatal lymphoid tissue alleviates the symptoms and enhances the QoL. Whether this is true with total or partial tonsillar resection (tonsillectomy (TE) and tonsillotomy (TT), respectively) has not been reported in a randomised trial yet. METHODS: We conduct a multicentre, partly blinded, randomised, 6-month, parallel-group clinical study including 285 adult participants referred to surgical treatment for chronic or recurrent tonsillitis. The participants will either have TE, TT or watchful waiting (WW). The primary outcome will be the difference between the mean disease-specific Tonsillectomy Outcome Inventory-14 (QoL questionnaire) scores at 6 months. Comparison is made firstly between the combined TE+TT and WW groups (superiority analysis), and secondly between the TE and TT groups (non-inferiority analysis). DISCUSSION: This study will add significant new information to the effects and harms of TE and TT procedures in the treatment of adults with chronic or recurrent tonsillitis. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT04657549.


Assuntos
Tonsilectomia , Tonsilite , Adulto , Doença Crônica , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Tonsila Palatina/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Tonsilectomia/efeitos adversos , Tonsilite/diagnóstico , Tonsilite/cirurgia
16.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(7)2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34321261

RESUMO

A 17-year-old man was admitted to Accident & Emergency out of hours with unilateral tonsillar enlargement covering more than 75% of his oropharyngeal inlet. He appeared calm and stable on initial presentation, but in a short span of time rapidly deteriorated, leading to near complete airway obstruction necessitating an emergency awake cricothyroidotomy. Tracheostomy and tonsillectomy were done after this, he was ventilated postoperatively in intensive therapy unit and discharged home in a week. This is a rare clinical scenario in a patient presenting with palatine tonsillitis. A few subtle points in the history and examination alerted the team and prevented a risky inter hospital transfer for ear, nose and throat review. This is the first reported case in UK of palatine tonsillitis not due to infectious mononucleosis presenting with acute upper airway obstruction in a patient with no airway anomalies. It may also have been a varied presentation of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias , COVID-19 , Tonsilectomia , Tonsilite , Adolescente , Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias/etiologia , Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2 , Tonsilite/complicações , Tonsilite/cirurgia
17.
J Laryngol Otol ; 135(7): 634-639, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34254581

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Tonsillectomy has generated extensive comment on the internet, but this content has not been examined in a scientific manner. This study aimed to determine what the blogosphere has to say about adult tonsillectomy and to report whether this information can be used to improve post-surgical care. METHODS: The internet was searched to find personal blogs relating to tonsillectomy. A retrospective review of data collected on these blogs was carried out and the blogs were conceptually analysed by the authors. RESULTS: Fifty blogs were included. Seventy per cent of patients had read blogs prior to their procedure. The average pain score where available was 7.2. Complications occurred in 10 per cent of patients. Only 1 patient (2 per cent) regretted having a tonsillectomy. CONCLUSION: It is important for otolaryngologists to stay in tune with the blogosphere as this unregulated and easily accessible source of information is both friend and foe but will ultimately help in pre-operative counselling and post-operative management.


Assuntos
Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Blogging , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Satisfação do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Tonsilectomia , Tonsilite/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Medição da Dor
18.
Trials ; 22(1): 479, 2021 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34294123

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tonsillectomy is one of the most frequently performed surgeries in children and young adults worldwide. For decades, tonsillectomy was the surgical treatment of choice for recurrent acute tonsillitis. Tonsillotomy was used in some countries as an alternative to tonsillectomy only for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in young children. In recent years, an increase of tonsillotomy also to treat recurrent acute tonsillitis can be observed. Therefore, the German Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG) was commissioned by the Federal Joint Committee (G-BA) to investigate whether tonsillotomy offers advantages compared to tonsillectomy. The meta-analysis of the IQWiG including studies until 2016 revealed that the long-term benefits and harms of tonsillotomy compared to tonsillectomy are unclear. Consequently, the G-BA performed a European call for a clinical trial. A consortium of the German Professional Association of ENT-surgeons (BVHNO), the German Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head and Neck Surgery (DGHNO-KHC), and the Jena University Hospital were finally selected to perform the TOTO study. METHODS: TOTO is a multicenter, 1:1 two-arm, randomized non-blinded non-inferiority trial. Four hundred fifty-four patients ≥ 3 years of age will be randomly allocated to undergo either tonsillotomy or tonsillectomy as surgical treatment of recurrent acute tonsillitis. All participants will be followed up for a total of 24 months. The primary outcome is the number of sore throat days experienced over the 24-month follow-up. DISCUSSION: TOTO is designed to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of tonsillectomy versus tonsillectomy for the management of patients with recurrent acute tonsillitis. Tonsil disease and surgery have a major impact on preschool and school children as well as on economically active young adults, with individual and societal costs through loss of school visits, earnings, and productivity. If tonsillotomy is at least as effective as tonsillectomy but with reduced morbidity, this would reduce costs to the healthcare system and society. TRIAL REGISTRATION: German Clinical Trials Register DRKS00020823 . Registered on 04 September 2020.


Assuntos
Faringite , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Tonsilectomia , Tonsilite , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Compostos de Quinolínio , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Tiazóis , Tonsilectomia/efeitos adversos , Tonsilite/diagnóstico , Tonsilite/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(5)2021 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34065868

RESUMO

Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the T-14 outcomes of the BizactTM device for tonsillectomy in a pediatric population. Methods: A case series chart review was undertaken at a public tertiary teaching hospital and private otolaryngology practice, with data collected from pediatric patients who underwent a BizactTM tonsillectomy between July 2016 and October 2019 for any indication, whose parents consented to completing the T-14 questionnaire providing a parental perspective of the child's quality of life. Primary outcomes were T-14 scores recorded preoperatively and 6 weeks post-operatively. Secondary outcome measures were postoperative complications, including hemorrhage and readmission. Results: 146 patients were identified. There was a significant improvement in T-14 scores from a median of 24 (Interquartile range (IQR) 18-33) prior to surgery to 2 (IQR 0-4) at 6 weeks postoperatively (p < 0.001). The post-tonsillectomy hemorrhage rate was 6.1% (9/146 participants). Conclusions: Pediatric BizactTM tonsillectomy is effective in treating common indications for pediatric tonsillectomy, reflected by improved parent-reported health-related quality of life T-14 scores postoperatively.


Assuntos
Tonsilectomia , Tonsilite , Criança , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tonsilite/cirurgia
20.
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol ; 147: 110781, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34052574

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: Conflicting evidence exists regarding the post-tonsillectomy bleed risk associated with perioperative ketorolac use in the pediatric population. Surgical technique for tonsillectomy can further confound this risk. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to retrospectively quantify the post-tonsillectomy bleed rate after single-dose administration of ketorolac in pediatric patients following intracapsular tonsillectomy. The secondary objective was to determine if age, sex, body mass index, medical comorbidities, and indication for surgery increased post-tonsillectomy bleed risk. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of 1920 children who underwent intracapsular tonsillectomies between January 2017 and December 2018. SETTING: This study was completed at a tertiary-care pediatric referral center. PARTICIPANTS: 1920 children who underwent intracapsular tonsillectomies between January 2017 and December 2018 at a single tertiary-care children's hospital. EXPOSURES: Patients were divided into two cohorts: 1458 patients (75.9%) received ketorolac (K+), and 462 (24.1%) did not (NK). Age, sex, body mass index, comorbidities, and indication for surgery also were evaluated for association with post-tonsillectomy bleed risk. MAIN OUTCOME(S) AND MEASURE(S): Primary study outcome for both cohorts was post-tonsillectomy hemorrhage requiring operative intervention. RESULTS: 1920 study participants were included with an average age of 6.5 years; 51.5% of participants were males; and, 63.9% were white. Overall, the postoperative bleeding rate was 1.5%. However, there was no significant difference when comparing bleeding rates for the ketorolac group and the non-keterolac group (1.4%-1.7%; P = .82) Age, chronic tonsillitis, higher body mass index Z-scores, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and behavioral diagnoses were statistically significant risk factors for post-tonsillectomy hemorrhage. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Single-dose postoperative ketorolac does not appear to be associated with increased risk of post-tonsillectomy bleed in pediatric patients undergoing intracapsular tonsillectomy. Providers should not avoid using ketorolac in patients undergoing intracapsular tonsillectomy due to concerns over bleeding risk.


Assuntos
Tonsilectomia , Tonsilite , Criança , Humanos , Cetorolaco/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tonsilectomia/efeitos adversos , Tonsilite/cirurgia
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