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1.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 21(1): 82, 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33494712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The intrapartum period is a time of high mortality risk for newborns and mothers. Numerous interventions exist to minimize risk during this period. Data on intervention coverage are needed for health system improvement. Maternal report of intrapartum interventions through surveys is the primary source of coverage data, but they may be invalid or unreliable. METHODS: We assessed the reliability of maternal report of delivery and immediate newborn care for a sample of home and health facility births in Sarlahi, Nepal. Mothers were visited as soon as possible following delivery (< 72 h) and asked to report circumstances of labor and delivery. A subset was revisited 1-24 months after delivery and asked to recall interventions received using standard household survey questions. We assessed the reliability of each indicator by comparing what mothers reported immediately after delivery against what they reported at the follow-up survey. We assessed potential variation in reliability of maternal report by characteristics of the mother, birth event, or intervention prevalence. RESULTS: One thousand five hundred two mother/child pairs were included in the reliability study, with approximately half of births occurring at home. A higher proportion of women who delivered in facilities reported "don't know" when asked to recall specific interventions both initially and at follow-up. Most indicators had high observed percent agreement, but kappa values were below 0.4, indicating agreement was primarily due to chance. Only "received any injection during delivery" demonstrated high reliability among all births (kappa: 0.737). The reliability of maternal report was typically lower among women who delivered at a facility. There was no difference in reliability based on time since birth of the follow-up interview. We observed over-reporting of interventions at follow-up that were more common in the population and under-reporting of less common interventions. CONCLUSIONS: This study reinforces previous findings that mothers are unable to report reliably on many interventions within the peripartum period. Household surveys which rely on maternal report, therefore, may not be an appropriate method for collecting data on coverage of many interventions during the peripartum period. This is particularly true among facility births, where many interventions may occur without the mother's full knowledge.


Assuntos
Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Rememoração Mental , Mães/psicologia , Período Periparto/psicologia , Autorrelato , Adulto , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Visita Domiciliar , Humanos , Nepal , Gravidez , Apoio Social , Adulto Jovem
3.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 30(6): 411-418, nov.-dic. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-197671

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Describir las percepciones y deseos sobre el parto en un grupo de gestantes a término de Zamora. MÉTODO: Estudio cualitativo de carácter fenomenológico. Participantes y ámbito de estudio: embarazadas de 37-38 semanas, centros de salud Zamora Sur y Santa Elena (Zamora). Recogida de datos: entrevistas semiestructuradas, hasta llegar a saturación de datos (16 entrevistas). Análisis de datos: análisis de contenido temático. RESULTADOS: Los sentimientos maternos variaron desde la alegría hasta el miedo o el estrés. Las entrevistadas manifestaron no sentirse capaces de soportar el dolor del parto. Las necesidades que sintieron como más importantes fueron contar con apoyo y acompañamiento en el parto (sobre todo de su pareja) y recibir buen trato de los sanitarios. CONCLUSIONES: La importancia y la repercusión del parto para la mujer no solo atiende al ámbito biológico, sino en gran medida también al mental, al emocional y al social. En él intervienen múltiples factores que lo condicionan: los sentimientos maternos, su capacidad de afrontar el dolor del parto, sus necesidades, sus cambios realizados, el apoyo con el que cuentan y los profesionales sanitarios que atienden a la mujer


OBJECTIVE: To describe perceptions and wishes regarding childbirth in a group of full-term pregnant women in Zamora. METHOD: Qualitative study of phenomenological character. Participants and scope of study: pregnant women (37-38 weeks), Zamora Sur and Santa Elena health centres (Zamora, Spain). Data collection: semi-structured interviews, until data saturation (16 interviews). Data analysis: analysis of thematic content. RESULTS: The maternal feelings varied from joy to fear or stress. The interviewees said they did not feel capable of enduring the pain of childbirth. The needs that they felt most important were having support and accompaniment during delivery (especially of their partner) and receiving good treatment from the healthcare workers. CONCLUSIONS: The importance and repercussion of childbirth for women are not only biological, but also largely mental, emotional and social. It is conditioned by multiple factors: maternal feelings, their ability to deal with the pain of childbirth, their needs, the changes they have made, the support they have and the health professionals who care for them


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Nascimento a Termo , Percepção , Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Serviço de Acompanhamento de Pacientes/psicologia , Enfermeiras Obstétricas/estatística & dados numéricos , Enfermeiras Obstétricas/psicologia , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Parto Obstétrico/enfermagem , Amostragem , Dor do Parto/enfermagem , Dor do Parto/psicologia
4.
Obstet Gynecol ; 136(5): 1036-1039, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030860

RESUMO

The population of women within carceral systems is growing rapidly. A portion of these individuals are pregnant and will deliver while incarcerated. Although shackling laws for pregnant persons have improved, incarcerated patients are forced to labor without the support of anyone but a carceral officer and their medical staff. We believe access to continuous labor support is critical for all pregnant persons. Carceral systems and their affiliated hospitals have the opportunity to change policies to reflect that continuous labor support is a basic human right and should be permitted for incarcerated pregnant persons in labor, either through a doula program or a selected person of choice.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico/ética , Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Direitos do Paciente/legislação & jurisprudência , Assistência Perinatal/ética , Prisioneiros/psicologia , Entorno do Parto , Parto Obstétrico/legislação & jurisprudência , Feminino , Humanos , Assistência Perinatal/legislação & jurisprudência , Gravidez , Prisioneiros/legislação & jurisprudência
5.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(10): 1456-1461, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047706

RESUMO

Background: Birth preparedness and complication readiness (BPCR) is a strategy with specific interventions to reduce pregnancy related morbidity and mortality. Aim: The study assessed the predictors of optimal birth preparedness and complication readiness among parturient in a tertiary health institution in Nigeria. Subject and Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among parturient at the labor and post-natal wards of University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Enugu over a 6 months period. Demographic information and predictors of BPCR were analyzed by descriptive statistics and logistic regression respectively with P value of < 0.05 considered statistically significant. Results: Of the 420 parturient, 330 (78.6%) and 90 (21.4%) were booked and unbooked respectively. Majority (74.2%) of the booked and about half of the unbooked parturient were knowledgeable about BPCR. Most (92.4%) of the booked parturient were optimally birth prepared at delivery as against 22.2% of the unbooked. Higher parity (adj OR = 3.79; 95% CI = 1.46-9.82, P = 0.01), tertiary educational level (adj OR = 2.98; 95% CI = 1.23-7.20, P = 0.02), regular antenatal visit (adj OR = 2.68; 95% CI = 1.06-6.76, P = 0.04), information received on birth preparedness before delivery (adj OR = 0.21; 95% CI = 0.07-0.61, P = <0.01), and booked status (adj OR = 0.02; 95% CI = 0.01-0.05, P = <0.001) where significant predictors of optimal BPCR. Conclusion: Encouraging female education, regular antenatal visits, and participation in health talk is advocated to improve BPCR and ultimately reduce maternal and perinatal mortality/morbidity among women in southeast Nigeria.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Parto/psicologia , Complicações na Gravidez/psicologia , Gestantes/psicologia , Cuidado Pré-Natal/métodos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Nigéria , Paridade , Mortalidade Perinatal , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem
6.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0238310, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32857816

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Identifying the factors contributing to maternal satisfaction is a proxy measure to improve the quality of care. It evaluates the health service provision by understanding maternal perceptions and expectations and promoting adherence to health services. This study aimed to identify the sociodemographic, obstetric, and medical factors contributing to labor satisfaction among postpartum women and examine the association between labor and postnatal satisfaction. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study using systematic random sampling in a ratio of 1:5 based on the delivery list in a labor room in a tertiary hospital was applied. Information was obtained from medical records for sociodemographic characteristics and obstetric and medical histories. Face-to-face interviews were performed to obtain responses for Malay versions of the Women's Views of Birth Labour Satisfaction Questionnaire and the Women's Views of Birth Postnatal Satisfaction Questionnaire. Simple and general linear regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: A total of 110 participants responded, accounting for a response rate of 100%. High-risk color codes, the period of gestation, household income, and were significantly associated with maternal satisfaction during labor. The association between labor and postnatal satisfaction was significant. CONCLUSION: Identifying these associated factors and differences may lead to understanding and contributing to specific and targeted strategies for tackling issues related to maternal satisfaction.


Assuntos
Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Período Pós-Parto/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Malásia , Satisfação do Paciente , Satisfação Pessoal , Gravidez , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0230992, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32722725

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psychological aspects of labor and birth have received little attention within maternity care service planning or clinical practice. The aim of this paper is to propose a model demonstrating how neurohormonal processes, in particular oxytocinergic mechanisms, not only control the physiological aspects of labor and birth, but also contribute to the subjective psychological experiences of birth. In addition, sensory information from the uterus as well as the external environment might influence these neurohormonal processes thereby influencing the progress of labor and the experience of birth. METHODOLOGY: In this new model of childbirth, we integrated the findings from two previous systematic reviews, one on maternal plasma levels of oxytocin during physiological childbirth and one meta-synthesis of women´s subjective experiences of physiological childbirth. FINDINGS: The neurobiological processes induced by the release of endogenous oxytocin during birth influence maternal behaviour and feelings in connection with birth in order to facilitate birth. The psychological experiences during birth may promote an optimal transition to motherhood. The spontaneous altered state of consciousness, that some women experience, may well be a hallmark of physiological childbirth in humans. The data also highlights the crucial role of one-to-one support during labor and birth. The physiological importance of social support to reduce labor stress and pain necessitates a reconsideration of many aspects of modern maternity care. CONCLUSION: By listening to women's experiences and by observing women during childbirth, factors that contribute to an optimized process of labor, such as the mothers' wellbeing and feelings of safety, may be identified. These observations support the integrative role of endogenous oxytocin in coordinating the neuroendocrine, psychological and physiological aspects of labor and birth, including oxytocin mediated. decrease of pain, fear and stress, support the need for midwifery one-to-one support in labour as well as the need for maternity care that optimizes the function of these neuroendocrine processes even when birth interventions are used. Women and their partners would benefit from understanding the crucial role that endogenous oxytocin plays in the psychological and neuroendocrinological process of labor.


Assuntos
Trabalho de Parto/fisiologia , Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Ocitocina/sangue , Parto/fisiologia , Parto/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Comportamento Materno , Serviços de Saúde Materna , Tocologia , Modelos Biológicos , Período Pós-Parto/fisiologia , Período Pós-Parto/psicologia , Gravidez , Apoio Social , Estresse Fisiológico
8.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 302(1): 93-99, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32415469

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To describe patterns of physiological and psychological stress during induced labor and their correlation to obstetrical and neonatal outcomes. METHODS: This prospective, observational study included 167 women, with low-risk, singleton pregnancies, who delivered at term, at a tertiary academic center from 2015 through 2018. Among them, 72 (43%) underwent induction and 95 (57%) had spontaneous labor onset. Physiological stress was evaluated by salivary cortisol measurements and emotional stress by questionnaires (visual analogue stress scale 0-10) during latent phase, active phase and full dilation stages of labor, as well as 2 min and 2 h postpartum. Cord blood cortisol and pH were obtained. Stress patterns were compared between parturients who did or did not undergo induction. Modes of delivery, labor and delivery complications, and early neonatal outcomes were compared. Mothers completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. RESULTS: Induced women had lower cortisol concentrations during the latent phase compared to spontaneous onset of labor (p = 0.003), with no differences during active (p = 0.237), full dilation (0.668), 2 min and 2 h after delivery (p = 0.666). Stress scale and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale scores were similar between groups. Cord cortisol (p = 0.294), 1-min Apgar score ≤ 7 (p = 0.502) and 5-min Apgar score ≤ 7 (p = 0.37) were similar. All had cord pH > 7. CONCLUSIONS: Induction does not increase stress during labor. Moreover, it might have a positive effect on reducing cortisol during the latent phase. These findings might reassure women who are concerned about induction of labor.


Assuntos
Hidrocortisona/análise , Trabalho de Parto Induzido/psicologia , Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Angústia Psicológica , Saliva/química , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Trabalho de Parto/fisiologia , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Estresse Fisiológico , Estresse Psicológico/complicações , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 301(3): 693-698, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32125522

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Women's experience of pain during labor varies greatly, and pain control is a major concern for obstetricians. Several methods have been studied for pain management for women in labor, including drug and non-drug interventions. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that in nulliparous women with singleton pregnancies at term, listening to music would reduce the pain level during labor. METHODS: Parallel group non-blinded randomized clinical trial conducted at a single center in Italy. Nulliparous women in spontaneous labor with singleton pregnancies and vertex presentation admitted in labor and delivery room between 37 0/7 and 42 0/7 weeks of gestation for active phase of labor were eligible, and were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive music during labor or no music during labor. Music in labor was defined listening to music from the randomization until the delivery of the baby. The primary endpoint was the pain level during the active phase of labor, recorded using the visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain, ranging from 0 (no pain) to 10 (unbearable pain). The effect of music use during labor on each outcome was quantified as the mean difference (MD) with 95% confidence interval (CI). RESULTS: During the study period, 30 women agree to take part in the study, underwent randomization, and were enrolled and followed up. 15 women were randomized in the music group, and 15 in the control group. No patients were lost to follow up for the primary outcome. Pain level during the active phase of labor was scored 8.8 ± 0.9 in the music group, and 9.8 ± 0.3 in the control group (MD - 1.00 point, 95% CI - 1.48 to - 0.52; P < 0.01). Music during labor and delivery was also associated with a decreased pain at 1 h postpartum (MD - 2.40 points, 95% CI - 4.30 to - 0.50), and decreased anxiety level during active phase of labor (MD - 19.90 points, 95% CI - 38.72 to - 1.08), second stage of labor (MD - 49.40 points, 95% CI - 69.44 to - 29.36), and at 1 h postpartum (MD - 27.00 points, 95% CI - 47.37 to - 6.63). CONCLUSION: In nulliparous women with singleton pregnancies at term, listening to music reduces the pain level, and the anxiety level during labor. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov NCT03779386.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/terapia , Dor do Parto/terapia , Trabalho de Parto , Musicoterapia , Música , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Paridade , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Resultado do Tratamento , Escala Visual Analógica , Saúde da Mulher
10.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 20(1): 85, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32039718

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In order improve the quality of birth care and women satisfaction with birthing process it is recommended that every woman should be offered the option to experience labour and childbirth with a companion of her choice. Involving husbands who are decision makers in the household may a play role in reducing maternal mortality which is unacceptably high despite the targeted goal to reduce this mortality up to three quarters as targeted in the MDGs by 2015. This is still addressed in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of 2015/30. This study aimed to explore the experiences and perceptions of husbands' support of their wives during pregnancy, labour and deliveries in Tanzania. METHODS: Qualitative descriptive study design was employed; involving men aged between 24 and 63 years. Participants were selected purposefully at the clinic and in labour ward of SekouToure Regional Referral Hospital (SRRH). The in-depth interview, guided by semi structured interview guide was used to collect the audio recorded and hand written information. Data were analysed using qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: Nine semi-structured interviews were conducted with husbands of women attended for antenatal care and those came for deliveries. Four themes emerged; Demonstrating care, love and affection, adopting modern life style, observing women's right and meeting social economic difficulties. Husbands' support to their partners is a good behaviour practiced during matrimonial lives. Husbands who support their partners during pregnancy and delivery consider themselves as being modern men as they at home take duties beside their usual tasks to let their wives have adequate time to rest during pregnancy. Poor road infrastructure makes difficult to get transport to the healthcare facility especially when labour is imminent. Also ward infrastructure is not supportive to accommodate husbands when they accompany their wives to the healthcare facility. CONCLUSIONS: The healthcare settings in low income countries need to accommodate men during the routine antenatal and intranatal care for the positive outcome of labour and delivery. Educating men on importance of active involvement in reproductive and child health services is important. Exploratory research should be conducted to understand how education and urbanisation affects men involvement in maternal and child health specifically in the low income countries.


Assuntos
Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Parto/psicologia , Cuidado Pré-Natal/psicologia , Cônjuges/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Apoio Social , Tanzânia , Adulto Jovem
11.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 20(1): 86, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32041564

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, approximately three-fourths of mothers do not deliver in health facilities. Disrespect and abuse during childbirth fallouts in underutilization of institutional delivery that upshots maternal morbidity and mortality. Thus, the ambition of this study was to assess respectful maternity care and associated factors in Harar hospitals, Eastern Ethiopia. METHODS: A facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted from April 01 to July 01, 2017. A total of 425 women, delivered at Harar town hospitals, were nominated using a systematic random sampling technique. A pretested and organized questionnaire was used to collect the data. After checking for completeness, the data were entered into EpiData version 3.1 and exported to SPSS version 22.0 for cleaning and analyses. Both bivariate and multivariable logistic regression was computed to identify factors associated with respectful maternity care. Statistical significance was declared at a P-value of < 0.05. RESULTS: Data were collected on 425 women. Overall, only 38.4% (95% CI: 33.7, 42.0%) of women received respectful maternity care. Delivering at private hospitals [AOR: 2.3, 95% CI: 1.25, 4.07], having ANC follow-up [AOR: 1.8, 95% CI: 1.10, 3.20], planned pregnancy [AOR: 3.0, 95% CI: 1.24, 7.34], labor attended by male provider [AOR: 1.8, 95% CI: 1.14, 2.77] and normal maternal outcome [AOR: 2.3, 95% CI: 1.13, 4.83] were significantly associated with respectful maternity care. CONCLUSIONS: Only four out of ten women received respectful care during labor and delivery. Providing women-friendly, abusive free, timely and discriminative free care are the bases to improve the uptake of institutional delivery. Execution of respectful care advancement must be the business of all healthcare providers. Furthermore, to come up with a substantial reduction in maternal mortality, great emphasis should be given to make the service woman-centered.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Serviços de Saúde Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Mães/psicologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Relações Profissional-Paciente , Respeito , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Parto Obstétrico/psicologia , Etiópia , Feminino , Hospitais/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Parto/psicologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravidez , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
12.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 38: 101085, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32056811

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Reflexology alleviates anxiety and may shorten the duration of labor. We evaluated the effect of reflexology on anxiety level and duration of labor in primiparas with moderate-to-severe anxiety. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this open-label randomized-controlled trial, primiparas with moderate-to-severe anxiety were randomized into one of two groups: addition of reflexology to usual care, or usual care only. The primary outcome was a change in the level of anxiety during reflexology treatment. RESULTS: Ninety-nine women were assigned to reflexology treatment while ninety received usual care only. A larger alleviation of anxiety was observed immediately after reflexology treatment as compared to the control group during the 30 min following group assignment. Reflexology did not affect the length of delivery. CONCLUSION: Foot reflexology had a positive short-term anxiolytic effect during labor in primiparas with moderate-to-severe anxiety but did not affect the duration of labor.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/terapia , Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Massagem , Manipulações Musculoesqueléticas/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , , Humanos , Paridade , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem
13.
Midwifery ; 82: 102622, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951904

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the decision making process of women who seek to give birth in water DESIGN: A qualitative design using semi-structured interviews with women who planned a waterbirth was used. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, and coded for emergent themes using a grounded theory approach for analyses SETTING: Twenty-three women (mean age = 33.5 years mean number of children = 2.5) who had planned a waterbirth were recruited from a prenatal care clinic in a mid-sized southeastern city in the United States. Questions explored how they decided to pursue a waterbirth, sources of information, support systems, resistance, and their birth experience FINDINGS: Although all participants used the tub during labor, five did not give birth in the water. Analyses revealed that a belief in their body's ability to give birth along with the desire for limited medical interventions were the primary reasons for choosing waterbirth. Previous positive and negative experiences with birth also shaped their decision. Women actively sought information about waterbirths from the internet and friends. One-third of participants decided to pursue a waterbirth later in pregnancy and changed OB practices in order to have access to a waterbirth. Midwives and doulas were viewed as critical supporters of their waterbirth decision. However, most participants experienced some form of resistance toward their decision from others including family, friends, coworkers, and strangers. The overwhelming majority were positive about their experience and indicated they felt empowered, even if they were unable to give birth in the water, and encouraged other women to consider waterbirth. Most indicated they wanted to have a waterbirth in the future.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisões , Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Parto Normal/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto/métodos , Parto Normal/normas , North Carolina , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Midwifery ; 83: 102627, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951943

RESUMO

AIM: To synthesise primary research on the role and use of music listening for women in childbirth. DESIGN: Integrative review. METHODS: Whittemore and Knafl's (2005) five-stage integrative review method was utilized to complete a systematic search of the literature. Studies were included if they were (a) peer-reviewed, (b) written in the English language, (c) published between 1 January 1979 and 5 April 2019 and (d) described the use of music listening during labour and birth. Studies were appraised for quality and methodological rigor using standardised assessment tools including the Critical Appraisal Skills Programmes (CASP) checklist for the qualitative studies and the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal Tool for the quasi-experimental studies and randomised control trials. Data extrapolation, methodological quality assessment and Thematic Content Analysis (Braun and Clarke, 2006) were carried out. FINDINGS: A total of 931 articles were retrieved and 24 papers were included in the review (12 randomized controlled trials, 9 quasi-experimental and 3 qualitative). The quality of the studies was moderately good overall. Two overarching themes emerged including 'outcomes of using music in childbirth' and, 'music application during childbirth'. Within 'outcomes of using music in childbirth' four subthemes are described: 'pain', 'anxiety', 'psychological supports' and 'progression of labour'. Within 'music application during childbirth' four themes are presented: 'timing of the music application', 'type of music', 'birth preparation using music' and 'mode of music listening'. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The findings indicate that music listening has a significant role to play for women in childbirth. This non-pharmacological intervention can reduce pain and anxiety while offering a multifaceted form of psychological support to alleviate stress and promote an increased sense of control in women during labour. However, further awareness is needed around the idiosyncratic nature of the music listening experience.


Assuntos
Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Musicoterapia/normas , Gestantes/psicologia , Adulto , Ansiedade/psicologia , Ansiedade/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Musicoterapia/métodos , Musicoterapia/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravidez , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 20(1): 36, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31931780

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Before the advent of Western medicine in Tanzania, women gave birth in an upright position either by sitting, squatting or kneeling. Birthing women would hold ropes or trees as a way of gaining strength and stability in order to push the baby with sufficient force. Despite the evidence supporting the upright position as beneficial to the woman and her unborn child, healthcare facilities consistently promote the use of the supine position. The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions and experiences of mothers and nurse-midwives regarding the use of the supine position during labour and delivery. METHODS: We used a descriptive qualitative design. We conducted seven semi-structured interviews with nurse-midwives and two focus group discussions with postnatal mothers who were purposively recruited for the study. Qualitative content analysis guided the analysis. RESULTS: Four themes emerged from mothers' and midwives' description of their experiences and perceptions of using supine position during childbirth. These were: women adopted the supine position as instructed by midwives; women experience of using alternative birthing positions; midwives commonly decide birthing positions for labouring women and supine position is the best-known birthing position. CONCLUSION: Women use the supine position during childbirth because they are instructed to do so by the nurse-midwives. Nurse-midwives believe that the supine position is the universally known and practised birthing position, and prefer it because it provides flexibility for them to continuously monitor the progress of labour and assist delivery most efficiently. Mothers in this study had no other choice than to labour and deliver their babies in the supine position as instructed because they trusted midwives as skilled professionals who knew what was best given the condition of the mother and her baby.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico/enfermagem , Parto Obstétrico/psicologia , Tocologia/métodos , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Decúbito Dorsal , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Trabalho de Parto/fisiologia , Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Mães , Enfermeiras Obstétricas , Parto/fisiologia , Postura , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Tanzânia
17.
J Perinat Neonatal Nurs ; 34(1): 38-45, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996643

RESUMO

Comfort is a fundamental human need to seek relief, ease, and transcendence. Comfort is relevant to women in labor who experience intense pain and mixed emotions. The subjective meaning of comfort in labor for women is not fully understood. This work was part of a phenomenological study of the experience of childbirth, in which the dynamic of keeping-it-together-falling-apart was identified as an essential quality of women's perceptions of childbirth. Comfort was a salient element of keeping-it-together-falling-apart. In this report, the concept of comfort is explored in greater depth, using qualitative descriptive analysis. Eight participants, aged 23 to 38 years, with spontaneous vaginal births, were each interviewed twice about the childbirth experience. Comfort was a holistic experience of relaxation and relief, where the needs of the body and the person were being met. Comfort and pain coexisted with each other, and relief of pain did not always provide comfort. Women had an innate knowledge of comfort, but their capacity for choice was at times restricted by caregivers in the hospital. There are aspects of labor care that do not support comfort, particularly as it relates to mobility and choice. Prioritizing comfort as well as pain relief may contribute to a more holistic, satisfying birth experience for women.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico , Saúde Holística/ética , Dor do Parto , Trabalho de Parto , Parto/psicologia , Conforto do Paciente , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Parto Obstétrico/ética , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Parto Obstétrico/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Dor do Parto/fisiopatologia , Dor do Parto/psicologia , Dor do Parto/terapia , Trabalho de Parto/fisiologia , Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Manejo da Dor , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa
18.
Midwifery ; 83: 102626, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31954296

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore and synthesise evidence of women's information needs, decision-making and experiences of membrane sweeping to promote spontaneous labour. DESIGN: A systematic review following the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) meta-aggregative approach to qualitative evidence synthesis. Relevant databases were searched for literature published in English between 2000-19. Study quality was assessed using the JBI quality assessment tool for qualitative studies. SETTING: Qualitative research conducted in OECD countries describing women's information needs, decision-making and/or experiences of membrane sweeping to promote spontaneous labour. FINDINGS: One article met the criteria for inclusion. This article describes the experience of a membrane sweep given without consent. KEY CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: There is a lack of evidence around women's information needs, decision-making and experiences of membrane sweeping. This is concerning, especially in the context of rising rates of formal induction of labour. Further research is needed to investigate how women are being offered membrane sweeping and what information women need to make informed choices about membrane sweeping to promote spontaneous labour.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisões , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Gestantes/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Trabalho de Parto/fisiologia , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa
19.
Women Birth ; 33(6): e535-e542, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31899149

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Each year thousands of pregnant women experiencing threatened premature labour are transferred considerable distances across Australia to access higher level facilities but only a small proportion of these women go on to actually give birth to a premature baby. Women from regional areas are required to move away from their home, children and support networks because of a perceived risk of birthing in a centre without neonatal intensive care facilities. AIM: This study examines the experience of women undergoing antenatal transfer for threatened premature labour in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory who do not give birth during their transfer admission. METHODS: Thirteen semi-structured in-depth interviews were held with women across five tertiary referral sites across New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory, and analysed until saturation for themes. FINDINGS: Seven urban and six rural women were interviewed. Women and their families were all negatively affected by antenatal transfer. Factors that helped enable a positive experience were; enhanced sense of safety in the tertiary unit, and individual qualities of staff. Factors that contributed to negative experiences were; inadequate and conflicting information, and no involvement or choice in the clinical decision-making process to move to another facility. CONCLUSIONS: Antenatal transfer is an extremely stressful experience for women and their families. The provision of high quality written and verbal information, and the inclusion of women's perception of risk in the clinical decision making process will improve the experience for women and their families in NSW and the ACT.


Assuntos
Centros de Assistência à Gravidez e ao Parto/organização & administração , Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Trabalho de Parto Prematuro/prevenção & controle , Transferência de Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , Gestantes/psicologia , Adulto , Austrália , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , New South Wales , Trabalho de Parto Prematuro/epidemiologia , Parto , Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente , Gravidez , Gestantes/etnologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Inquéritos e Questionários , Centros de Atenção Terciária
20.
Midwifery ; 82: 102619, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31923708

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study examined the sociodemographic and sociocultural factors associated with the pattern of birth assistance used among adolescent mothers aged 15-19 in Nigeria. DESIGN: The study used a quantitative design, using secondary data from the Nigeria Demographic and Health Surveys conducted between 2003 and 2013. SETTING: The study was nationally representative and conducted across Nigeria. PARTICIPANTS: A weighted sample of 2,096 adolescent mothers aged 15-19. MEASUREMENTS AND FINDINGS: Data were analysed using frequencies, chi square tests and multinomial logistic regression respectively. It was discovered that mothers aged 18 and above had lower odds of using traditional and skilled birth attendants (aORs = 0.68 (0.51-0.92); 0.63 (0.44-0.92)); Igbo mothers had lower odds of using TBAs (aOR = 0.03 (0.002-0.53)); and mothers in female-headed households were less likely to use SBAs (aOR = 0.40 (0.20-0.82)). Rich mothers were more likely to use SBAs (aOR = 2.21 (1.23-3.94)). Mothers whose partners had at least primary education were more likely to use SBAs (aOR = 1.73 (1.09-2.73); 1.64 (1.03-2.59)). Adolescent mothers in the North East (aOR = 5.79 (2.91-11.51)), North West (aOR = 8.24 (4.01-16.93)), South East (aOR = 69.70 (13.96-348.05)) and South South (aOR = 27.84(7.80-99.30)) were more likely to use TBAs, while mothers in the North East (aOR = 0.46 (0.28-0.76)) and North West (aOR = 0.50 (0.29-0.84)) were less likely to use SBAs. Mothers who used partial ANC were more likely to use SBAs (aOR = 5.73 (3.43-9.56)), while those who used full ANC were more likely to use SBA (aOR = 7.33 (4.76-11.29)). KEY CONCLUSIONS: Higher socioeconomic status mothers were more likely to use skilled birth attendance. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Interventions to increase SBA use among adolescent mothers in Nigeria must consider the continued preference for traditional and unskilled birth attendants and unassisted births, and design culturally sensitive programmes.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Gravidez na Adolescência/psicologia , Adolescente , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Mães/psicologia , Nigéria , Razão de Chances , Gravidez , Gravidez na Adolescência/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
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