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1.
J Rheumatol ; 49(11): 1221-1228, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35840154

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate fatigue frequency and severity among patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and assess the effect of fatigue severity on patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) assessing quality of life, function, and work productivity. METHODS: Data were derived from the Adelphi Disease Specific Programme, a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2018 in the United States and Europe. Patients had physician-confirmed PsA. Fatigue was collected as a binary variable and through its severity (0-10 scale, using the 12-item Psoriatic Arthritis Impact of Disease fatigue question) from patients; physicians also reported patient fatigue (yes/no). Other PROMs included the 5-level EuroQol 5-dimension questionnaire (EQ-5D-5L) for health-related quality of life (HRQOL), Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index, and Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Questionnaire. Multivariate linear regression was used to evaluate the association between fatigue severity and other PROMs. RESULTS: Among the 831 included patients (mean age 47.5 yrs, mean disease duration 5.3 yrs, 46.9% female, 48.1% receiving a biologic), fatigue was reported by 78.3% of patients. Patients with greater fatigue severity had greater disease duration, PsA severity, pain levels, body surface area affected by psoriasis, and swollen and tender joint counts (all P < 0.05). In multivariate analyses, patients with greater fatigue severity experienced worse physical functioning, HRQOL, and work productivity (all P < 0.001). Presence of fatigue was underreported by physicians (reported in only 32% of patients who self-reported fatigue). CONCLUSION: Prevalence of patient-reported fatigue was high among patients with PsA and underrecognized by physicians. Fatigue severity was associated with altered physical functioning, work productivity, and HRQOL.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica , Eficiência , Fadiga , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Trabalho , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artrite Psoriásica/complicações , Artrite Psoriásica/diagnóstico , Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Artrite Psoriásica/fisiopatologia , Estudos Transversais , Fadiga/complicações , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Trabalho/psicologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Dor/complicações , Dor/epidemiologia , Autorrelato
2.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 661, 2022 01 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35027592

RESUMO

We examined the prospective association of physical exertion at work with subsequent tobacco, cannabis, alcohol use, and sugar and fat consumption. Volunteers of the French population-based CONSTANCES cohort currently employed were included from 2012 to 2017 for tobacco and cannabis outcomes (n = 100,612), and from 2012 to 2016 for alcohol and sugar and fat outcomes (n = 75,414). High level of physical exertion at work was defined as a score ≥ 12 at the Rating Perceived Exertion Borg scale. Substance use was self-reported and diet rich in sugar and fat was obtained from principal component analysis and analyzed as quartiles. Generalized linear models computed odds of substance use and sugar and fat consumption at follow-up according to baseline physical exertion at work, while adjusting for sociodemographic factors, depressive symptoms and baseline level of consumption. High physical exertion was associated with tobacco use with dose-dependent relationships. It was also associated with increased odds of cannabis use at least once per month compared to no use in the past and with increased odds of diet rich in sugar and fat. Hence, the role of physical exertion at work on tobacco and cannabis use and diet rich in sugar and fat should be tackled for information and prevention strategies.


Assuntos
Bebidas Alcoólicas , Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia , Cannabis , Gorduras na Dieta , Comportamento Alimentar , Saúde do Trabalhador , Esforço Físico , Açúcares , Tabaco , Trabalho/fisiologia , Trabalho/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , França , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
3.
An. psicol ; 38(1): 139-148, ene. 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-202876

RESUMO

En este estudio, se analizaron las propiedades psicométricas de la versión en español (Bakker et al., 2018) de la escala Job Crafting de Tims et al. (2012) en población latinoamericana. Aplicamos la escala a una muestra de 903 empleados (42.6% mujeres y 57.4% hombres) de Colombia y Ecuador. Se examinaron la fiabilidad y la validez. Los resultados del análisis factorial confirmatorio mostraron un ajuste adecuado tanto en Colombia (CFI = .916, TLI = .900, IFI = .917, RMSEA = .060) como en Ecuador (CFI = .918, TLI = .903, IFI = .919, RMSEA = .064), en la estructura de cuatro factores de la escala original. Se encontró evidencia de validación, relacionada con el criterio de bienestar psicológico, para las dimensiones de recursos estructurales crecientes y demandas desafiantes crecientes. La versión en español de la escala demuestra su utilidad para la investigación en el contexto latinoamericano.(AU)


In this study, the psychometric properties of the Spanish version (Bakker et al., 2018) of the Job Crafting scale of Tims et al. (2012), was an-alyzed in a Latin American population. We applied the scale to a sample of 903 employees (42.6% women & 57.4% men) from Colombia and Ecua-dor. Reliability and validity were examined. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis showed an adequate fit both in Colombia (CFI = .916, TLI = .900, IFI = .917, RMSEA = .060) and in Ecuador (CFI = .918, TLI = .903, IFI = .919, RMSEA = .064), in the four-factor structure of the origi-nal scale. Evidence of validation, related to criterion for psychological well-being for the dimensions of increasing structural resources and increasing challenging demands, was found. The Spanish version of the scale demon-strates its usefulness for research in the Latin American context.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Ciências da Saúde , Condições de Trabalho , Avaliação de Desempenho Profissional , Medicina do Trabalho , Trabalho/psicologia , Psicologia , Psicologia Aplicada/instrumentação
4.
An. psicol ; 38(1): 149-162, ene. 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-202877

RESUMO

El interés por el estudio de las características del trabajo para explicar cómo la relación de un individuo con el entorno laboral puede conducir a respuestas desadaptativas ha cobrado una importancia renovada a la luz de la creciente preocupación por el desarrollo de organizaciones saludables y por la diversidad organizacional. Este estudio tiene como objetivo desarrollar una versión abreviada del Work Design Questionnaire (WDQ) con el fin de facilitar su uso e interpretación en este contexto. Las propiedades psicométricas de este cuestionario reducido se probaron en una muestra multisectorial de trabajadores en España. Para ello, aplicamos el cuestionario a una muestra de 500 trabajadores y analizamos la relación entre las carácterísiticas del trabajo y las variables seleccionadas de salud ocupacional (satisfacción, bienestar y agotamiento emocional). Los resultados mostraron una fiabilidad y una validez orientada al criterio adecuadas para la versión abreviada del WDQ, esto es, el WDQ18-S, así como evidencia de invarianza factorial de género. Posteriormente se discuten los resultados y sus implicaciones para el uso del WDQ en el ámbito aplicado e investigador de la salud ocupacional y la prevención de riesgos laborales.(AU)


Interest in the study of work characteristics to explain how an individual's relationship with the work environment can lead to maladap-tive responses has taken on renewed importance in the light of increasing concern for the development of healthy organizations and organizational diversity. This study aims to develop a shortened version of the Work De-sign Questionnaire (WDQ) with a view to facilitating its use and interpreta-tion. The psychometric properties of this shorter questionnaire were tested in a multi-sectoral sample of workers in Spain, with due consideration giv-en to the gender measurementinvariance. For this purpose, we applied the questionnaire to a sample of 500 workers and analyzed the relationship be-tween the answers provided to WDQ and specific occupational health var-iables (satisfaction, well-being and emotional exhaustion). Results showed adequate reliability and criterion-oriented validity for the shortened version of the WDQ, that is, the WDQ18-S, as well as evidence of factorial invari-ance across gender. We then discuss the results and their implications for the application of theWDQ in further research and the field of occupa-tional health and psychosocial risks prevention.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Ciências da Saúde , Saúde do Trabalhador , Trabalho/psicologia , Satisfação no Emprego , 16054 , Análise de Variância
5.
Psico USF ; 27(1): 99-113, jan.-mar. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1376049

RESUMO

Organizations have shown an interest in socio-emotional competencies due to the current knowledge that they are as important as technical competencies for the best personal and professional development. However, there is no consensus in the literature regarding the conceptual definition of these competencies. Accordingly, this narrative review aimed at characterizing the concept of socio-emotional competencies and the instruments used in Brazilian and international studies in the context of organizations and work. The Scopus, Web of Science, Google Scholar and Biblioteca Brasileira de Teses e Dissertações databases were consulted, resulting in 26 articles composing the sample. The results show that there is a myriad of concepts about socio-emotional competencies, and that the instruments used evaluate mainly emotional intelligence, personality and other more consolidated constructs in the literature. The impacts of the multiple possibilities of conceptualizing and measuring socio-emotional competences are discussed (AU).


As organizações têm demonstrado interesse nas competências socioemocionais devido ao conhecimento atual de que são tão importantes quanto as competências técnicas para o melhor desenvolvimento pessoal e profissional. No entanto, não há consenso na literatura sobre a definição conceitual dessas competências. Nesse sentido, esta revisão narrativa teve como objetivo caracterizar o conceito de competências socioemocionais e os instrumentos utilizados nos estudos brasileiros e internacionais no contexto das organizações e trabalho. Foram consultadas as bases de dados Scopus, Web of Science, Google Scholar e Biblioteca Brasileira de Teses e Dissertações, resultando em 26 artigos compondo a amostra. Os resultados indicam uma miríade de conceitos sobre competências socioemocionais e que os instrumentos utilizados avaliam principalmente inteligência emocional, personalidade e outros construtos mais consolidados na literatura. Os impactos das múltiplas possibilidades de conceituar e mensurar competências socioemocionais são discutidos (AU).


Las organizaciones han mostrado interés en las habilidades socioemocionales debido al conocimiento actual de que son tan importantes como las habilidades técnicas para un mejor desarrollo personal y profesional. Sin embargo, no hay consenso en la literatura sobre la definición conceptual de estas competencias. En consecuencia, esta revisión narrativa tuvo como objetivo caracterizar el concepto de competencias socioemocionales y los instrumentos utilizados en los estudios brasileños e internacionales en el contexto de las organizaciones y del trabajo. Se consultaron las bases Scopus, Web of Science, Google Scholar y Biblioteca Digital Brasileña de Tesis y Disertaciones, lo que resultó en 26 artículos que componen la muestra. Los resultados indican una gran cantidad de conceptos sobre las competencias socioemocionales y que los instrumentos empleados evalúan principalmente la inteligencia emocional, la personalidad y otros constructos más consolidados en la literatura. Se discuten los impactos de las múltiples posibilidades de conceptualizar y medir las competencias socioemocionales (AU).


Assuntos
Trabalho/psicologia , Organizações , Inteligência Emocional , Habilidades Sociais , Bases de Dados como Assunto
6.
Psico USF ; 27(1): 169-179, jan.-mar. 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1376038

RESUMO

O presente estudo visou adicionar evidências de validade à Escala de Potencial Criativo no Trabalho, por meio da investigação da influência de variáveis relacionadas ao sujeito (gênero, idade e nível de escolaridade) e ao ambiente organizacional (tempo de empresa) nos resultados do teste e investigar a precisão do instrumento por meio do método de teste e reteste. A amostra foi composta por 371 participantes, com idade média de 33,1 anos, funcionários de empresas de pequeno a grande porte. Nenhuma das variáveis se mostrou significativa nos dois fatores do instrumento (bloqueios e barreiras à criatividade; atributos e características que favorecem a criatividade). Somente três interações se mostraram significativas (sexo x idade no Fator 1; escolaridade x idade no Fator 1; idade x tempo no Fator 2). A precisão se mostrou adequada (r = 0,650 no Fator 1 e r = 0,729 no Fator 2). Estudos voltados à investigação de outras qualidades psicométricas do instrumento são recomendados (AU).


The goal of this study was to add evidence of validity for the Creative Potential at Work Scale, by investigating the influences of variables related to the subject (sex, age, level of education) and the organizational environment (length of time in the company) on test results. The reliability of the instrument was also examined using the test and retest method. Participants in the study were 371 employees employed in small to large companies with a mean age of 33.1 years. There was no significant relationship between any of the variables and the two factors of the instrument (blocks and barriers to creativity; attributes and characteristics that promote creativity). There were only three significant interactions in the study (sex x age for Factor 1; education x age for Factor 1; age x time for Factor 2). In this study, reliability was found to be adequate (r=.650 for Factor 1 and r=.729 for Factor 2). The instrument should be investigated further to determine its other psychometric properties (AU).


El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo agregar evidencias de validez a la Escala de Potencial Creativo en el Trabajo, investigando la influencia de las variables relacionadas con el tema (género, edad y nivel de educación) y el entorno organizacional (tiempo en la empresa) en los resultados a través del método de test-retest. La muestra consistió en 371 participantes, con una edad media de 33.1 años, empleados de pequeñas y grandes empresas. Ninguna de las variables resultó significativa en los dos factores del instrumento (bloqueos y barreras a la creatividad; atributos y características que favorecen la creatividad). Solo tres interacciones fueron significativas (sexo x edad en el Factor 1; educación x edad en el Factor 1; edad x tiempo en el Factor 2). La precisión demostró ser adecuada (r = 0.650 en el Factor 1 y r = 0.729 en el Factor 2). Se recomienda la realización de estudios para investigar otras cualidades psicométricas del instrumento (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Trabalho/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Criatividade , Psicometria , Fatores Sexuais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores Etários , Escolaridade
7.
Urology ; 159: 72-77, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34644590

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationships between physical activity, both work and recreational, and urinary incontinence among women. METHODS: We assessed women aged 20 years and older in 2008-2018 NHANES (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey) cycles who answered self-reported urinary incontinence and physical activity questions. Weighted, multivariate logistic regression model was used to determine the association between incontinence and physical activity levels after adjusting for age, body mass index, diabetes, race, parity, menopause and smoking. RESULTS: A total of 30,213 women were included in analysis, of whom 23.15% had stress incontinence, 23.16% had urge incontinence, and 8.42% had mixed incontinence (answered "yes" to both stress and urge incontinence). Women who engaged in moderate recreational activity were less likely to report stress and urge incontinence (OR 0.79, 95% CI 0.62-0.99 and OR 0.66, 95% CI 0.48-0.90, respectively). Similarly, women who engaged in moderate activity work were less likely to report stress, urge and mixed incontinence (OR 0.84, 95% CI 0.70-0.99; OR 0.84, 95% CI 0.72-0.99; and OR 0.66 95% CI 0.45-0.97, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Moderate physical activity and greater time spent participating in moderate physical activity are associated with a decreased likelihood of stress, urge and mixed incontinence in women. This relationship holds for both recreational and work-related activity. We hypothesize that the mechanism of this relationship is multifactorial, with moderate physical activity improving pelvic floor strength and modifying neurophysiological mediators (such as stress) involved in the pathogenesis of incontinence.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Diafragma da Pelve/fisiologia , Recreação , Incontinência Urinária , Trabalho , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neurofisiologia , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Recreação/fisiologia , Recreação/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Incontinência Urinária/classificação , Incontinência Urinária/diagnóstico , Incontinência Urinária/fisiopatologia , Incontinência Urinária/psicologia , Trabalho/fisiologia , Trabalho/psicologia
8.
J Occup Health ; 63(1): e12300, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34837278

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: A sufficient duration of time off after work is necessary to ensure workers' health. Better quality of off-job time can also facilitate recovery from fatigue, but its quantitative influence is largely unknown. We aimed to examine how off-job time quality (as measured by the frequency of emailing after work), and off-job duration is associated with psychological detachment, actigraphic sleep, and saliva cortisol using a 1-month observational study. METHODS: The participants were 58 daytime employees working at an information technology company. Sleep actigraphy and saliva cortisol as well as self-reported outcomes were repeatedly measured for 1 month. Two-way (work e-mail frequency × off-job time) multilevel mixed-effects linear regression analyses were performed in both continuous and categorical variables. RESULTS: The frequency of work e-mailing after hours was significantly associated with self-reported outcomes and actigraphic sleep quality, while a significant association was not found in cortisol awakening responses and actigraphic sleep duration. A significantly larger cortisol response after awakening was found in shorter, rather than longer, durations of off-job time. Self-reported detachment, rumination and carry-over fatigue showed significant interactions between work e-mail and off-job time, suggesting that worse outcomes were found in a higher frequency of work e-mail even when employees had longer amounts of off-job time. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that ensuring the quality and duration of off-job time is beneficial for recovery from work with sufficient sleep. Specifically, the frequency of e-mailing after work should be minimized to make recovery complete.


Assuntos
Correio Eletrônico , Hidrocortisona/metabolismo , Tecnologia da Informação , Saúde do Trabalhador , Sono/fisiologia , Trabalho/psicologia , Actigrafia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
9.
PLoS One ; 16(11): e0260013, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34780560

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Digitalization has changed working life and increased cognitive demands on employees in general. Nevertheless, the consequences for employees with cognitive impairments and subjective cognitive difficulties are to a large extent unexplored. The aim of this study was to explore and describe how employees with subjective cognitive difficulties who are performing digital work tasks experience their vocational situation and how this situation influences their everyday life. METHODS: A qualitative, descriptive, multiple-case study was designed. Self-reports, assessments and qualitative interviews were used to collect data from the seven participants with neurological disorders. The data were analysed using pattern matching. FINDINGS: The analysed data formed four categories conceptualized as "Working to my full potential", "Working, but it is largely up to me", "Working at the expense of everyday life" and "Working without known difficulties", and these categories included one to four subcategories. CONCLUSION: Managing subjective cognitive difficulties in vocational situations and everyday life was challenging in a digitalized working life for participants with neurological disorders. To provide equal access to preventive measures and rehabilitation and a sustainable working life, it is important to investigate the influence of subjective cognitive difficulties systematically on work, everyday life and management strategies in people with neurological disorders in digitalized work.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/psicologia , Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Autorrelato , Autoavaliação (Psicologia)
10.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744092

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to clarify the relationship between workplace improvement and work engagement based on the level of sense of coherence. METHODS: An anonymous self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted on 1,845 regular employees in a financial industry (valid response rate, 78.5%). The questionnaire included the Japanese Sense of Coherence (SOC), Japanese Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES-J), and Mental Health Improvement & Reinforcement Research of Recognition (MIRROR). Multiple linear regression analysis was performed with the total score of UWES-J as the dependent variable and the MIRROR items as the independent variables for each group with high and low SOC levels. RESULTS: Two MIRROR items namely, "It is easy to take a substitute vacation after work on holidays" and "In the workplace, the abilities and ingenuity of each person are utilized", were the negative factors common to the two groups. On the other hand, in the low-SOC-level group, the items "The work policy is decided in a way that everyone is satisfied with", "When the work breaks, I can go home without worrying about other people", and "The superior gives proper explanations about everything to his subordinates" showed negative relationships. In the high-SOC-level group, "The work environment (e.g., air conditioning and lighting) can be adjusted according to the wishes of workers", "No overtime day is set or utilized", "I am allowed to commute to work avoiding crowded times and routes", and "The superiors are trying to make everyone's work proceed smoothly" showed negative relationships. CONCLUSIONS: Depending on the level of SOC, workers' desire for workplace improvement related to UWES-J scores differed.


Assuntos
Administração Financeira , Indústrias , Saúde Mental , Saúde do Trabalhador , Melhoria de Qualidade , Senso de Coerência , Engajamento no Trabalho , Trabalho/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Psychoneuroendocrinology ; 133: 105400, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488150

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic low-grade inflammation has been associated with high risk of several chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, depression, and dementia. As low-grade inflammation could be present long before the apparition of the disease, identifying modifiable risk factors could allow to act upstream. Psychosocial stressors at work have been suggested as modifiable risk factors of low-grade inflammation, but few longitudinal studies have evaluated the association between these stressors and inflammatory biomarkers, such as C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). OBJECTIVE: This longitudinal study evaluate the associations between exposure to psychosocial stressors at work and CRP and IL-6, separately and combined into an inflammatory index. METHODS: Data came from a cohort of 9188 white-collar workers recruited in 1991-1993 (T1) and followed-up after 8 (T2, 1999-2000) and 24 (T3, 2015-2018) years. Participants included in this study were randomly selected at T3 for serum biomarkers studies (n = 2557). CRP and IL-6 were measured using standardized protocols. Psychosocial stressors at work were assessed at T2 according to recognized models: Karasek's Demand-Control-Support model and Siegrist's Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) model, using validated questionnaires. High job strain was defined by an exposure to high psychological demand combined with low job control, and iso-strain was defined by an exposure to high job strain combined with low social support at work. ERI was defined by an imbalance between psychological demand and social, economic, and organizational reward. Several covariates were considered including sociodemographic, anthropometric, and lifestyle characteristics, and comorbidities. Prevalence ratios (PRs) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for the highest quartile of CRP, IL-6 and inflammatory index at T3 according to psychosocial stressors at work measured at T2 were calculated using generalized estimating equations. Multiple imputation and inverse probability of censoring weighting were done. RESULTS: In men, an association was observed between exposure to iso-strain and the inflammatory index (PR of 1.42 (95% CI: 1.06;1.90)), mainly among men aged less than 65 years (PR of 2.00 (95% CI: 1.37;2.92)). In this same age group, associations with inflammatory biomarkers were also observed among men with exposure to ERI, and among women with exposure to low reward at work or moderate social support at work. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that psychosocial stressors at work may increase low-grade inflammation. However, further studies are needed to corroborate these results and to clarify the potential differences between men and women. As these stressors are frequent and modifiable, their reduction is important for public health and could play a role in the primary prevention of chronic diseases.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Inflamação , Saúde do Trabalhador , Estresse Psicológico , Trabalho , Proteína C-Reativa , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-6 , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Quebeque , Recompensa , Estresse Psicológico/imunologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Trabalho/psicologia
12.
J Occup Health ; 63(1): e12271, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535041

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the variables associated with work ability, work-family conflict and the relationship between these variables. METHODS: An observational prospective study was conducted and involved 436 employees of a Teaching Hospital in Rome. Data collection was performed using the following tools: the Work Ability Index (WAI) and the Work-to-family conflict and Family-to-work conflict Scale (WFC-FWC Scale). Data were analyzed through univariate analysis of variance (ANOVA) and multivariate linear regression, using the SPSS software version 25. RESULTS: A direct relationship of the WFC score with two variables (female gender and physicians) and an inverse relationship with other two variables (age and administrative staff) were found. There is a direct relationship between the FWC score and the variable "having sons". The WFC and FWC scores showed a direct relationship between them. The Work Ability presented an almost significant association only with the profession variable, in which administrative staff, followed by physicians, presented a higher WAI score with respect to other professional categories, such as nurses. CONCLUSIONS: Wellbeing intervention for health workers should be directed mainly to women, older workers and those with sons. In addition, more attention should be given to nurses, who showed lower work ability scores.


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
13.
Lancet Public Health ; 6(10): e752-e759, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34563282

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High emotional demands at work can affect employees' health and there is a need to understand whether such an association might be modified by other working conditions. We aimed to examine emotional demands at work as a risk factor for long-term sickness absence and analyse whether influence, possibilities for development, role conflicts, and physical demands at work might modify this risk. METHODS: We did a nationwide, population-based, prospective cohort study in Denmark and included employed individuals who were residing in Denmark in 2000, aged 30-59 years, who had complete data on age, sex, and migration background, with information on emotional demands and possible effect modifiers from job exposure matrices, and covariates and outcome (sickness absence) from population registers. Individuals with long-term sickness absence (≥6 weeks of consecutive sickness absence) between Jan 1, 1998, and Dec 31, 2000, and self-employed individuals were excluded. We assessed long-term sickness absence during a 10-year period from Jan 1, 2001, to Dec 31, 2010. Using Cox regression, we estimated hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% CIs and tested interaction as departure from additivity, estimating relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI). Multivariable adjusted models included sex, age, cohabitation, migration background, and income. FINDINGS: 1 521 352 employed individuals were included and contributed data between Jan 1, 2000, and Dec 31, 2010. During 11 919 021 person-years (mean follow-up 7·8 years), we identified 480 685 new cases of long-term sickness absence. High emotional demands were associated with increased risk of long-term sickness absence compared with low emotional demands, after adjusting for age, sex, cohabitation, migration background, income, and the four possible effect modifiers (adjusted HR 1·55 [95% CI 1·53-1·56]). The association between high emotional demands and risk of long-term sickness absence was stronger in a synergistic way when individuals were also exposed to low possibilities for development (RERI 0·35 [95% CI 0·22-0·47]; 28·9 additional cases per 1000 person-years) and high role conflicts (0·13 [0·11-0·15]; 22·0 additional cases per 1000 person-years). No synergy was observed for influence and physical demands at work. INTERPRETATION: People in occupations with high emotional demands were at increased risk of long-term sickness absence. Our findings on synergistic interactions suggest that, in emotionally demanding occupations, increasing possibilities for development and reducing work-related role conflicts might reduce long-term sickness absence. Further interventional studies are needed to confirm or refute this hypothesis. FUNDING: Danish Work Environment Research Fund, NordForsk.


Assuntos
Emoções , Licença Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Dinamarca , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Risco , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Rev. abordagem gestál. (Impr.) ; 27(2): 242-251, maio-ago. 2021. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1340869

RESUMO

A arte, por se tratar de um tema fundamentalmente humano, mostra-se como campo de estudos importante à filosofia e à psicologia. Considera-se relevante pensá-la sob o viés da fenomenologia, que compreende a atividade artística não como representação, mas como expressão. Por meio deste estudo, objetiva-se refletir acerca da atividade do ator/da atriz de teatro a partir da obra Phénoménologie de l'experience esthétique, principal produção de Mikel Dufrenne, fenomenólogo que escreveu o mais extenso estudo a respeito da estética em fenomenologia. Essa tarefa se realiza em duas etapas: uma possível explanação a respeito da experiência estética tal como proposta por Dufrenne e, a partir dela, a construção de uma reflexão a respeito do trabalho do artista de teatro. Fica evidente o papel que a arte e, sobretudo, o artista tem na ressignificação do mundo, ao ser ele quem oferece ao espectador, por meio de uma intersubjetividade imanente, um mundo expresso como novidade. Entende-se que, para além do estudo de temas específicos, o estudo da experiência estética em fenomenologia, a partir da ótica dufrenniana, pode se mostrar relevante para a compreensão do fenômeno humano em sua generalidade.


Art, a fundamentally human subject, has become an important field of study in both philosophy and psychology. It is deemed relevant to think of it from a phenomenological perspective, that regards artistic activities not as a representation, but as an expression. This study aims to consider the actor's/actress's activities based on the book Phénoménologie de l'experience esthétique, the main work by Mikel Dufrenne, a phenomenologist who wrote the most extensive study regarding aesthetics in phenomenology. This task has been accomplished in two stages: a possible explanation about the aesthetic experience as proposed by Dufrenne and, from it, the construction of a reflection about a theater artist's work. The role that art and, above all, the artist plays in the resignification of the world becomes evident, as he is the one who offers the viewer, through an immanent intersubjectivity, a world expressed as a novelty. It is understood that, in addition to the study of specific topics, the study of aesthetic experience in phenomenology, from the Dufrennian perspective, may prove relevant to the comprehension of the human phenomenon in general.


El arte, un tema fundamentalmente humano, se ha convertido en un importante campo de estudio tanto para la filosofía como para la psicología. Se considera relevante pensarlo desde una perspectiva fenomenológica, que considera las actividades artísticas no como representación, sino como expresión. Este estudio tiene como objetivo reflexionar sobre las actividades del actor/actriz, basado en la obra Phénoménologie de l'experience esthétique, el trabajo principal de Mikel Dufrenne, un fenomenólogo que escribió el estudio más extenso acerca de la estética en fenomenología. Esta tarea se realizó en dos etapas: una posible explicación sobre la experiencia estética propuesta por Dufrenne y, a partir de ella, la construcción de una reflexión sobre el trabajo de un artista teatral. El papel que desempeña el arte y, sobre todo, el artista en la resignificación del mundo se hace evidente, ya que él es que ofrece al espectador, a través de una intersubjetividad inmanente, un mundo expresado como novedad. Se entiende que, además del estudio de temas específicos, el estudio de la experiencia estética en fenomenología, desde la perspectiva dufreniana, puede resultar relevante para la comprensión del fenómeno humano en general.


Assuntos
Humanos , Arte , Estética/psicologia , Trabalho/psicologia
15.
J Occup Health ; 63(1): e12244, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212460

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the interactive impacts between occupational physical burdens and psychological job demand or control on musculoskeletal pain (MSP) using nationally representative data for Korean workers. METHODS: Using 5th Korean Working Conditions Survey (KWCS), we explored the interaction between occupational physical burdens and levels of psychological job demand or control on risk of MSP in 49 572 eligible participants. For quantitative evaluation of the interaction, relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI) was calculated. RESULTS: In a group with low job control and at least one occupational physical burden, odds ratio (OR) for neck and upper extremity pain was 2.44 (95% CI, 2.24-2.66) compared with a group with high job control and no physical burden (a reference group: lowest risk), which was the highest value among the four groups, and the RERI was 0.35 (95% CI, 0.19-0.51). Similarly, OR for lower extremity pain was 2.15 (95% CI, 1.95-2.37) and RERI was 0.26 (95% CI, 0.07-0.45). However, the RERI was not significant in the case of psychological job demand. CONCLUSION: This study revealed significant interactions between occupational physical burdens and low job control on MSP.


Assuntos
Dor Musculoesquelética/etiologia , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Estresse Ocupacional/complicações , Carga de Trabalho , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Musculoesquelética/epidemiologia , Dor Musculoesquelética/psicologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Trabalho/fisiologia , Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Occup Health Psychol ; 26(3): 155-174, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34096761

RESUMO

Job demands may affect employee resilience in future stress events. However, not all job demands are equal. Drawing on the challenge-hindrance framework, we argue that challenge and hindrance demands differentially relate to psychological and physiological resilience. Further, based on the concept of habituation, we propose that it is essential to factor in temporal issues, that is job demands' variance. By including job demands' type, level, and variance we add to a more holistic understanding of the job demands-resilience relationship. To test our assumptions, we combined field and experimental data. Specifically, over the course of 1 month 63 employees repeatedly provided information on their experience of job challenge and hindrance demands. Following, using the paradigm of the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) we exposed participants to an acute stress situation within a laboratory setting. Piecewise growth curve modeling revealed that moderate levels of challenge demands may enhance employees' ability to demonstrate psychological resilience. Further, moderate levels of challenge demands related to a stronger cortisol reactivity and marginally enhanced cortisol recovery. Hindrance demands as well as demands' variance did not affect employee resilience. Overall, our results suggest that moderate levels of challenge demands may train employees' resilience, particularly psychological resilience, in future stress events. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Resiliência Psicológica , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Hidrocortisona/análise , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Ocupacional/fisiopatologia , Medição de Risco , Apoio Social , Trabalho/psicologia
17.
J Occup Health Psychol ; 26(3): 224-242, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34096763

RESUMO

Psychological detachment from work during off-job time is crucial to sustaining employee health and well-being. However, this can be difficult to achieve, particularly when job stress is high and recovery is most needed. Boosting detachment from work is therefore of interest to many employees and organizations, and over the last decade numerous interventions have been developed and evaluated. The aim of this meta-analysis was to review and statistically synthesize the state of research on interventions designed to improve detachment both at work and outside of it. After a systematic search (covering the period 1998-2020) of the published and unpublished literature, 30 studies with 34 interventions (N = 3,725) were included. Data were analyzed using a random-effects model. Interventions showed a significant positive effect on detachment from work (d = 0.36) on average. Moderator analyses revealed that it did not matter how the different studies conceptualized detachment but that the context in which detachment was measured (outside or at work) significantly influenced intervention effectiveness. Furthermore, using the stressor-detachment model as the organizing framework, we found that while interventions addressing job stressors or altering primary and secondary appraisal were all effective, only the interventions that addressed primary appraisal were more effective than those that did not. Additionally, while the delivery format did not moderate intervention effectiveness, interventions with longer durations and higher dosages were more effective than shorter and lower dosage interventions. Finally, interventions were more effective among older participants and participants with initial health or recovery-related impairments. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde do Trabalhador , Serviços de Saúde do Trabalhador , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Trabalho/psicologia
18.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 952021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34075016

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer is a commonly diagnosed disease in nurses that, from recent years, has been linked to shift work and night work. Also, different components of work stress have such an impact on the nurses' health and work, family and social conciliation. The objective of this research was to analyze the family and working characteristics of Spanish nurses who perform shift work (including night shifts) in search of possible associations with manifestations of psychosomatic stress and the risk of breast cancer. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted through a virtual questionnaire in a sample of 966 Registered Nurses in Spain between December 2019 and November 2020. A descriptive analysis of sociodemographic and occupational variables was performed, and statistically significant differences and associations were contrasted by estimating risks and confidence intervals. RESULTS: The number of night shifts throughout life and the number of years worked were statistically significant for the association with breast cancer. In addition, other psychosomatic manifestations such as insomnia, palpitations or extreme tiredness were highlighted. Among the most appreciated aspects to generate job satisfaction, co-worker's relationship was underlined. CONCLUSIONS: Rotating shift work can cause multiple clinical alterations that could lead to problems related to family conciliation, self-care or employment wellness. It is important to control the physical, psychological and emotional overload of nurses.


OBJETIVO: El cáncer de mama es una enfermedad comúnmente diagnosticada en las enfermeras que en los últimos años se ha relacionado con el trabajo a turnos y el trabajo nocturno. A su vez, diferentes componentes del estrés laboral también afectan a la salud y la conciliación laboral, familiar y social de las enfermeras. El objetivo de esta investigación fue analizar las características familiares y laborales de las enfermeras españolas que realizan trabajo por turnos (incluyendo el nocturno) en busca de posibles asociaciones con las manifestaciones del estrés psicosomático y el riesgo de padecer cáncer de mama. METODOS: Se diseñó un estudio descriptivo transversal a través de un cuestionario virtual en una muestra de 966 enfermeras colegiadas en España entre diciembre de 2019 y noviembre de 2020. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo de las variables sociodemográficas y laborales, y se contrastaron las diferencias y asociaciones estadísticamente significativas estimando riesgos e intervalos de confianza. RESULTADOS: El número de noches y el número de años trabajados fueron estadísticamente significativos para la asociación con el cáncer de mama. Además, otras manifestaciones psicosomáticas como el insomnio, las palpitaciones o el cansancio extremo fueron destacadas. Entre los aspectos más apreciados para generar satisfacción laboral se encontraba la relación con los compañeros de trabajo. CONCLUSIONES: El trabajo a turnos rotatorios puede provocar múltiples alteraciones clínicas y puede generar problemas relacionados con la conciliación familiar, el autocuidado personal o con el propio bienestar laboral. Es importante regular la sobrecarga física, psicológica y emocional de las enfermeras.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Família/psicologia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Jornada de Trabalho em Turnos , Espanha/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Psico USF ; 26(2): 291-303, Apr.-June 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1287605

RESUMO

This study aimed to identify the predictive power of the Work Design (WD) variables on Burnout Syndrome (BS). The sample consisted of 300 professionals, 188 from the field of education and 112 from health care. Two instruments were used in this research, a reduced version of the Work Design Questionnaire (WDQ) and the Brazilian version of the Spanish Burnout Syndrome Inventory (SBI). The results showed that in both professional categories, the factors of work design are predictors of the 4 dimensions of BS, especially factors related to social and task characteristics. In the education field, characteristics of knowledge required by work appear as predictors of only psychological exhaustion; and in health care professionals, as predictors of psychological exhaustion and decreased Enthusiasm towards the job. Implications of these findings will be discussed in terms of their applicability in interventions to prevent BS based on work redesign actions. (AU)


Este estudo buscou identificar o poder preditivo de variáveis do Desenho do Trabalho (DT) sobre a Síndrome de Burnout (SB). A amostra foi constituída por 188 profissionais da educação e 112 da saúde. Dois instrumentos foram utilizados nesta pesquisa: uma versão reduzida do Questionário de Desenho do Trabalho (QDT) e a versão brasileira do Cuestionario para la Evaluación del Síndrome de Quemarse por el Trabajo (CESQT). Os resultados mostraram que em ambas as categorias profissionais os fatores de desenho do trabalho, especialmente as características sociais e das tarefas, são preditores das quatro dimensões da SB. Na educação, características do conhecimento requerido pelo trabalho aparecem como preditoras apenas do desgaste psíquico; e na saúde, como preditoras do desgaste psíquico e da diminuição da ilusão pelo trabalho. Implicações desses achados serão discutidas em termos de sua aplicabilidade em intervenções para prevenir a SB a partir de ações de redesenho do trabalho. (AU)


Este estudio buscó identificar el poder predictivo de las variables de Diseño del Trabajo (DT) en el Síndrome de Burnout (SB). La muestra estuvo conformada por 300 profesionales, siendo 188 del ámbito educativo y 112 del sanitario. Se utilizaron dos instrumentos en esta investigación, una versión reducida del Cuestionario de Diseño del Trabajo (QDT) y la versión brasileña del "Cuestionario para la Evaluación del Síndrome de Quemarse por el Trabajo" (CESQT). Los resultados indicaron que, en ambas categorías profesionales, los factores de diseño del trabajo son predictores de las cuatro dimensiones de la SB, especialmente los factores relacionados con las características sociales y de la tarea. En la educación, las características de los conocimientos requeridos para el trabajo solo aparecen como predictores del desgaste psíquico; y en el campo de la salud, como predictores del desgaste psíquico y de la disminución del entusiasmo por el trabajo. Las implicaciones de estos hallazgos serán discutidas en términos de su aplicabilidad en intervenciones para prevenir la SB a partir de acciones de rediseño del trabajo. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pessoal de Educação/psicologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Trabalho/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
20.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2021: 9950332, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33995524

RESUMO

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is the most common mental disorder in the present day as all individuals' lives, irrespective of being employed or unemployed, is going through the depression phase at least once in their lifetime. In simple terms, it is a mood disturbance that can persist for an individual for more than a few weeks to months. In MDD, in most cases, the individuals do not consult a professional, and even if being consulted, the results are not significant as the individuals find it challenging to identify whether they are depressed or not. Depression, most of the time, cooccurs with anxiety and leads to suicide in few cases, among the employees, who are about to handle the pressure at work and home and mostly unnoticing such problems. This is why this work aims to analyze the IT employees who are mostly working with targets. The artificial neural network, which is modeled loosely like the brain, has proved in recent days that it can perform better than most of the classification algorithms. This study has implemented the multilayered neural perceptron and experimented with the backpropagation technique over the data samples collected from IT professionals. This study aims to develop a model that can classify depressed individuals from those who are not depressed effectively with the data collected from them manually and through sensors. The results show that deep-MLP with backpropagation outperforms other machine learning-based models for effective classification.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior/diagnóstico , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/epidemiologia , Tecnologia da Informação , Aprendizado de Máquina/normas , Pandemias , Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Aprendizado Profundo/normas , Humanos , Redes Neurais de Computação
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