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1.
Biol Res ; 52(1): 54, 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31581950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: IcarisideII (ICAII) could promote the differentiation of adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) to Schwann cells (SCs), leading to improvement of erectile function (EF) and providing a realistic therapeutic option for the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED). However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of ADSCs and ICAII in this process remain largely unclear. METHODS: ADSCs were treated with different concentrations of ICAII. Cell proliferation was determined by MTT assay. qRT-PCR and western blot were performed to detect expressions of SCs markers, signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3), and microRNA-let-7i (let-7i). Luciferase reporter assay was conducted to verify the regulatory relationship between let-7i and STAT3. The detection of intracavernosal pressure (ICP) and the ratio of ICP/mean arterial pressure (MAP) were used to evaluate the EF in bilateral cavernous nerve injury (BCNI) rat models. RESULTS: ICAII promoted cell proliferation of ADSCs in a dose-dependent manner. The mRNA and protein levels of SCs markers were increased by ICAII treatment in a dose-dependent manner in ADSCs. Moreover, let-7i was significantly decreased in ICAII-treated ADSCs and upregulation of let-7i attenuated ICAII-induced promotion of SCs markers. In addition, STAT3 was a direct target of let-7i and upregulated in ICAII-treated ADSCs. Interestingly, overexpression of STAT3 abated the let-7i-mediated inhibition effect on differentiation of ADSCs to SCs and rescued the ICAII-mediated promotion effect on it. Besides, combination treatment of ADSCs and ICAII preserved the EF of BCNI rat models, which was undermined by let-7i overexpression. CONCLUSION: ICAII was effective for preserving EF by promoting the differentiation of ADSCs to SCs via modulating let-7i/STAT3 pathway.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Disfunção Erétil/tratamento farmacológico , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células de Schwann/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Western Blotting , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transfecção
2.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(8): 1067-1073, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531603

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Diabetes is a risk factor for acute kidney injury (AKI). However, its mechanism of pathogenesis has not been elucidated. The aim of the study was to investigate the role of inflammation and the toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) in ischemic AKI for diabetes. METHODS: A high glucose hypoxia-reoxygenation model of human renal tubular epithelial (HK-2) cells was used to generate AKI induced by ischemia-reperfusion in diabetes. The activity of cells was measured by CCK-8 assay and LDH activity. Inflammatory cytokines were assessed by ELISA. TLR7, MyD88, and NF-κB expressions were examined by western blotting. Apoptosis was evaluated by flow cytometry. RESULTS: The high glucose group and low glucose group were subjected to hypoxia-reoxygenation. The low glucose group developed only mild cell damage, apoptosis, and inflammatory response. In contrast, an equivalent hypoxia-reoxygenation injury provoked severe cell damage, apoptosis, and inflammatory response in the high glucose group. Expression of TLR7 and its related proteins were measured in the high glucose group before and after hypoxia-reoxygenation. The high glucose group exhibited more significant increases in TLR7 expression following hypoxia-reoxygenation than the low glucose group. In addition, the expression of TLR7 and its related proteins after hypoxia-reoxygenation were higher in the high glucose group than in the low glucose group. Inhibition of TLR7 provides significant protection against ischemic injury in diabetes. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that diabetes increases the vulnerability to ischemia-induced renal injury. This increased vulnerability originates from a heightened inflammatory response involving the TLR7 signal transduction pathway.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolismo , Isquemia/metabolismo , Receptor 7 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Lesão Renal Aguda/fisiopatologia , Células Cultivadas , Diabetes Mellitus/fisiopatologia , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Transdução de Sinais , Receptor 7 Toll-Like/fisiologia , Transfecção
3.
Exp Parasitol ; 205: 107748, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442453

RESUMO

Trypanosoma cruzi (the causative agent of Chagas disease) presents a complex life cycle that involves adaptations in vertebrate and invertebrate hosts. As a protozoan parasite of hematophagous insects and mammalian hosts, T. cruzi is exposed to reactive oxygen species (ROS). To investigate the functionality of T. cruzi tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase type 5 (TcACP5), we cloned, superexpressed and purified the enzyme. Purified TcACP5 exhibited a Vmax and apparent Km for pNPP hydrolysis of 7.7 ±â€¯0.2 nmol pNP × µg-1 × h-1 and 169.3 ±â€¯22.6 µM, respectively. The pH dependence was characterized by sharp maximal activity at pH 5.0, and inhibition assays demonstrated its sensitivity to acid phosphatase inhibitors. Similar activities were obtained with saturating concentrations of P-Ser and P-Thr as substrates. The enzyme metabolizes hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in vitro, and parasites superexpressing this enzyme were more resistant to oxidative stress promoted by H2O2. Taken together, these results suggest that TcACP5 plays a central role in phosphoryl transfer and redox reactions.


Assuntos
Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Fosfatase Ácida Resistente a Tartarato/metabolismo , Trypanosoma cruzi/enzimologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Imunofluorescência , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Microscopia Confocal , Oxirredução , Especificidade por Substrato , Fosfatase Ácida Resistente a Tartarato/antagonistas & inibidores , Fosfatase Ácida Resistente a Tartarato/química , Transfecção , Trypanosoma cruzi/efeitos dos fármacos
4.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 71(4): 555-561, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31440752

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to establish a cell model of volume-regulated anion channel subunit LRRC8A and investigate the physiological characteristics of LRRC8A. The eukaryotic expression vectors of LRRC8A and YFP-H148Q/I152L were constructed and transfected into Fischer rat thyroid (FRT) cells by Lipofectamine 2000. The FRT cell lines co-expressing LRRC8A and YFP-H148Q/I152L were obtained by antibiotic screening. The expression of LRRC8A and YFP-H148Q/I152L in FRT cells was detected by the inverted fluorescence microscope. The fluorescence quenching kinetic experiment was done to verify the function and effectiveness of the cell model. Then the cell model was utilized to study the physiological characteristics of LRRC8A, such as the characteristics of anion transport, the opening of LRRC8A by osmotic pressure, the effect of anion transport velocity, and the effect of chloride channel inhibitors on LRRC8A anion channel. The results of the inverted fluorescence microscope showed that LRRC8A was expressed on the cell membrane and YFP-H148Q/I152L was expressed in the cytoplasm. The results of fluorescence quenching kinetic test showed that under the condition of low osmotic state, LRRC8A could transport some kinds of anions, such as iodine and chloride ions. Osmotic pressure played a key role in the regulation of LRRC8A volume-regulated anion channel opening. Chloride channel inhibitors inhibited ion transport of LRRC8A channel in a dose-dependent manner. It is suggested that LRRC8A has the characteristics of classic volume-regulated anion channels by using the cell model of FRT cells co-expressing LRRC8A and YFP-H148Q/I152L.


Assuntos
Canais de Cloreto/antagonistas & inibidores , Transporte de Íons , Proteínas de Membrana/fisiologia , Animais , Ânions , Células Cultivadas , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos F344 , Glândula Tireoide/citologia , Transfecção
5.
Gene ; 716: 144033, 2019 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31377313

RESUMO

Oral squamous cell cancer (OSCC) is one of the causes of death worldwide. The purpose of this project was to define the restoring of microRNA-143 in HN-5 cells and discover molecular apparatuses responsible for the anticancer processes. Firstly, expression levels of miR-143, K-Ras, MMP9 and C-Myc were evaluated in OSCC tissues. Then, microRNA-143 was transfected into HN-5 cells. The cytotoxic effects of microRNA-143 on HN-5 cells were evaluated. To estimate the effects of microRNA-143 on cell migration, wound healing assay was done. The expression levels of microRNA-143, K-Ras, MMP9, C-Myc, ADAMTS and CXCR4 were evaluated via the qRT-PCR method. microRNA-143 mimic inhibited cell migration in HN-5 cell line. microRNA-143 mimic decreased K-Ras, MMP9, C-My, ADAMTS and CXCR4 gene expression. microRNA-143 can inhibit HN-5 cells migration in vitro by down-regulating the expression of invasion-linked genes. Hence, microRNA-143 can be a new diagnostic biomarker and new therapeutic target for OSCC.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Neoplasias de Células Escamosas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Regulação para Baixo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Neoplasias Bucais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Metástase Neoplásica , Neoplasias de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Células Escamosas/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/metabolismo , Transfecção
6.
Acta Cir Bras ; 34(6): e201900602, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432993

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the role and related mechanisms of miR-106a in sepsis-induced AKI. METHODS: Serum from sepsis and healthy patients was collected, sepsis mouse model was established by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). TCMK-1 cells were treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and transfected with THBS2-small interfering RNA (siTHBS2), miR-106a inhibitor, miR-106a mimics and their negative controls (NCs). The expression of miR-106a, thrombospondin 2 (THBS2), Bax, cleaved caspase-3 and Bcl-2, cell viability, relative caspase-3 activity and TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6 content were respectively detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), western blotting, Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The relationship between miR-106a and THBS2 was confirmed by dual luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: MiR-106a was up-regulated in serum of sepsis patients, CLP-induced mice models and LPS-induced TCMK-1 cells. LPS reduced cell viability and Bcl-2 expression, and increased caspase-3 activity, Bax expression, the content of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6. THBS2 was a target of miR-106a. The decreases of caspase-3 activity, TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, Bax expression and the increases of cell viability, Bcl-2 expression caused by miR-106a knockdown were reversed when THBS2 silencing in LPS-stimulated TCMK-1 cells. CONCLUSION: MiR-106a aggravated LPS-induced inflammation and apoptosis of TCMK-1 cells via regulating THBS2 expression.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Rim/citologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Sepse/patologia , Trombospondinas/farmacologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/patologia , Adulto , Animais , Apoptose , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Células Cultivadas , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Sepse/metabolismo , Transfecção
7.
Dokl Biochem Biophys ; 486(1): 184-186, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31367817

RESUMO

To perform optogenetic prosthetics of the retinal ganglion cell receptive field, a bicistronic genetic construct carrying the genes encoding the excitatory (channelrhodopsin-2) and inhibitory (Guillardia theta anion channelrhodopsin GtACR2) rhodopsins was created. A characteristic feature of this construct was the combination of these two genes with a mutant IRES insertion between them, which ensures the exact ratio of expression levels of the first and second genes in each transfected cell. Illumination of the central part of the neuron with light with a wavelength of 470 nm induced the action potential generation in the cell. Stimulation of the peripheral neuronal region with light induced the inhibition of action potential generation. Thus, using optogenetics methods, we simulated the ON-OFF interaction in the retinal ganglion cell receptive field. Theoretically, this construct can be used for optogenetic prosthetics of degenerative retina in the case of its delivery to the ganglion cells with lentiviral vectors.


Assuntos
Channelrhodopsins/genética , Optogenética/métodos , Retina/patologia , Células Ganglionares da Retina/metabolismo , Animais , Luz , Neurônios/citologia , Neurônios/metabolismo , Neurônios/efeitos da radiação , Ratos , Retina/efeitos da radiação , Células Ganglionares da Retina/patologia , Células Ganglionares da Retina/efeitos da radiação , Transfecção
8.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 35(8): 1557-1565, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441627

RESUMO

To construct a eukaryotic expression plasmid containing the luciferase reporter gene (Fluc) to quickly detect apoptosis. Four amino acids, Asp-Glu-Val-Asp (DEVD), the recognize motif of Caspase-3, were introduced into the middle of the Fluc-C and N fragment. Meanwhile, four amino acids, Asp-Glu-Val-Gly (DEVG), were selected as a negative control. Subsequently, the recombinant gene was cloned into the N and C terminal end of the split intein, and named as pFluc-DEVD and pFluc-DEVG. Then the plasmids were transfected into cells and renilla luciferase was co-transfected in each sample as an internal control for transfection efficiency. Then the apoptosis level was detected by the double luciferase reporter gene and the Western blotting analysis. The results showed that when apoptosis occurred, the content of firefly luciferase expressed in the pFluc-DEVD plasmid transfected group was about 3 times higher than pFluc-DEVG plasmid transfected group. Furthermore, Western blotting detection indicated that the Fluc level was significantly increased in pFluc-DEVD transfected group when pre-treated by apoptosis stimulants. The activation degree of Caspase-3 was closely related to the expression of Fluc, and had a significant statistical difference. These results confirmed that firefly luciferase protein expressed by pFluc-DEVD plasmid can be cleaved by the intracellular Caspase-3 enzyme, and this plasmid can accurately reflect the cell apoptosis level, which provides a useful method for quantitative detection of apoptosis.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Genes Reporter , Luciferases de Vaga-Lume , Transfecção
9.
Eur J Histochem ; 63(3)2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31455073

RESUMO

RNA interference is a powerful approach to understand gene function both for therapeutic and experimental purposes. Since the lack of knowledge in the gene silencing of various hepatic cell lines, this work was aimed to compare two transfection agents, the liposome-based Lipofectamine™ RNAiMAX and the HepG2-specific, polymer-based GenMute™, in two cellular models of human hepatoma, HepG2 and Huh7.5. In the first part, we assessed transfection efficiency of a fluorescent Cy3-labeled negative control siRNA by cell imaging analysis; we found that cells treated with GenMute present a higher uptake of the fluorescent negative control siRNA when compared to Lipofectamine RNAiMAX-transfected cells, both in HepG2 and in Huh7.5 cells. In the second part, we evaluated GAPDH silencing with the two transfection reagents by RT-PCR similar GAPDH mRNA expression after each transfection treatment. Finally, we measured cell viability by the MTT assay, observing that cells transfected with GenMute have higher viability with respect to Lipofectamine RNAiMAX-administered cells. These results suggest that GenMute reagent might be considered the most suitable transfection agent for hepatic gene silencing.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Transferência de Genes , Lipídeos/química , Polímeros/química , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Transfecção/métodos , Sequência de Bases , Carbocianinas/química , Carbocianinas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/metabolismo , Inativação Gênica , Gliceraldeído-3-Fosfato Desidrogenases/genética , Humanos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Lipídeos/toxicidade , Lipossomos/química , Lipossomos/metabolismo , Lipossomos/toxicidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Polímeros/metabolismo , Polímeros/toxicidade , Interferência de RNA
10.
Life Sci ; 232: 116661, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323272

RESUMO

AIMS: The development of highly efficient and low toxic non-viral gene delivery vectors is the most challenging issues for successful application of gene therapy. A particular focus has been on understanding structure-activity relationships for transfection activity and toxicity of polyethylenimine (PEI). During the last decade, the use of cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2-NPs) in biomedicine has attracted much attention due to their pH-dependent antioxidant activity. CeO2-NPs provide protection normal cells from various forms of reactive oxygen species, but possess innate cytotoxicity and apoptosis to cancer cells. The purpose of this study was to design a new class of gene carriers by low molecular weight PEI (B-PEI 10 kDa) coordination onto CeO2-NPs. MAIN METHODS: B-PEI 10 kDa was conjugated to CeO2-NPs by Epichlorohydrin linker. Transfection efficiency, cytotoxic and apoptotic effects of pDNA-PEI-CeO2 NPs were evaluated on WEHI 164 cancer cells and normal L929 cells lines. KEY FINDINGS: PEI-CeO2 NPs was able to condense the pDNA at carrier/plasmid (C/P) weight ratios of 0.5. The size and zeta potential of pDNA-PEI-CeO2 NPs were 124 ±â€¯7 nm and 22 ±â€¯2 mV, respectively. The transfection efficacy of synthesized pDNA-PEI-CeO2 NPs improved and the cytotoxicity was decreased compared to pDNA-PEI. Moreover, pDNA-PEI-CeO2 NPs induced more apoptosis than unmodified PEI and CeO2-NPs control groups. pDNA-PEI-CeO2 NPs displayed more transfection, cytotoxicity, and apoptosis in WEHI 164 cancer cells than normal L929 cells. SIGNIFICANCE: In conclusion, PEI-CeO2 nanocarriers could act as a potential candidate for gene and drug delivery to cancerous and tumor cells.


Assuntos
Cério/química , Vetores Genéticos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Polietilenoimina/química , Transfecção , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , DNA/genética , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Plasmídeos , Espectrometria por Raios X , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
11.
Life Sci ; 232: 116665, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323273

RESUMO

AIMS: Overexpression of the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR), a member of the PIKK (phosphoinositide kinase-related kinase) family, protects cardiomyocytes from cell death induced by pathological stimuli such as ischemia. We previously reported that posttranslational modification of mTOR plays an important role in regulating cardiac mTOR expression. The aim of this study was to see if Tel2 (telomere maintenance 2), a protein that regulates the abundance of PIKKs, confers similar cardioprotective effects as mTOR. Tel2 is not well-characterized in cardiomyocytes, therefore we examined the effects of Tel2 on cardiomyocyte viability under ischemic stress conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We overexpressed Tel2 or silenced Tel2 with siRNA in the HL-1 cardiomyocyte cell line to survey the effects of Tel2 overexpression and downregulation on cell survival during hypoxia. Adult mouse cardiomyocytes transfected with Tel2 adenoviruses were used to test whether Tel2 sufficiently prevented cardiomyocyte cell death against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). KEY FINDINGS: Overexpressing Tel2 increased mTOR expression with a concomitant increase in mTOR Complex 1 (mTORC1) and mTORC2 activity in HL-1 cells. Tel2 deletion decreased mTOR expression, and mTORC1 and mTORC2 activity accordingly. In both HL-1 cells and adult mouse cardiomyocytes, Tel2 overexpression protected cardiomyocytes under ischemic stress. These effects were mTOR-dependent, as mTOR inhibitors blunted the effects of Tel2. While gene silencing of Tel2 did not affect cell survival under normoxia, Tel2 silencing made cardiomyocytes more vulnerable to cell death under hypoxia. SIGNIFICANCE: Upregulating Tel2 expression increases mTOR-mediated cardiomyocyte survival and targeting Tel2 could be another therapeutic strategy against ischemic heart disease.


Assuntos
Sobrevivência Celular/fisiologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia , Proteínas de Ligação a Telômeros/fisiologia , Adenoviridae/genética , Animais , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Inativação Gênica , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina/metabolismo , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 2 de Rapamicina/metabolismo , Camundongos , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas de Ligação a Telômeros/genética , Transfecção
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(9): 1869-1875, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342715

RESUMO

To study the effects of ellagic acid(EA)on inflammation and oxidative stress in mice with fatty liver disease induced by AKT gene transfection,the 20 female FVB mice were randomly divided into normal control group,model group and ellagic acid administration group(150,300 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1))(n=5).EA experimental groups and model group were using a high pressure into the tail vein transfection plasmid AKT.The next day,EA was started to administered continuously for 5 weeks after the AKT gene transfection,while the model group and the normal control group were given the same amount of saline.After the administration,the liver tissue and serum of mice were taken.HE and oil red O staining were using to observe the histopathological changes in liver;liver function to detect the serum and liver tissue as well as MDA and SOD levels;real-time quantitative PCR(RT-qPCR)was used to measure the mR-NA expression of NF-κB and TNF-α;Western blot and immunohistochemistry were used to measure the expression of NF-κB,TNF-αand COX-2 in liver tissue.RESULTS:: show that after AKT gene transfection,the model group had significant increase in the serum levels of AST,ALT,elevated the levels of MDA and decreased the levels of SOD in serum and liver tissue,aggravated histopathology degeneration and Liver inflammation,and significantly higher expression of NF-κB,TNF-α,IL-6,COX-2 and other inflammatory-related factors in liver tissue.EA administration group significant reductions in the serum levels of AST,ALT,and improved in hepatocyte fatty degeneration and liver inflammation,lower the levels of MDA and increased the levels of SOD in serum and liver tissue,and significant reductions in the expression of NF-κB,TNF-α,IL-6 and COX-2 in liver tissue.These results suggest that EA has obvious anti-inflammatory effect and inhibits oxidative stress and EA has a significant therapeutic effecton AKT gene inducing fatty liver,and the mechanism possibly by inhibiting inflammatory factors of NF-κB,TNF-α,IL-6,COX-2 and anti-oxidative stress-related.


Assuntos
Ácido Elágico/farmacologia , Fígado Gorduroso/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Estresse Oxidativo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Animais , Fígado Gorduroso/genética , Feminino , Camundongos , Distribuição Aleatória , Transfecção
13.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 35(3): 256-261, 2019 May 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257809

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of optical genetic techniques on new neurons through the Wnt/ß-Catenin pathway. METHODS: Neural stem cells (ESCs)were extracted from the cerebral cortex of fetal rat and transfected by lentivirus carrying DCX-ChR2-EGFP gene and the expression of DCX of newborn neurons differentiated from neural stem cells were observed. All cells were divided into 3 groups(n=9): control group, NSCs+EGFP and NSCs+ChR2 groups. The control group was normal cultured NSCs (NSCs group); the neural stem cells in NSCs+EGFP group were transfected with lentivirus carrying EGFP gene. The neural stem cells in NSCs+ChR2 group were infected with lentivirus carrying DCX-ChR2-EGFP gene. After 48 hours of lentivirus infection, 470 nm blue laser irradiation was performed for 3 consecutive days. NeuN+ positive cell density(the maturation of neural stem cells)and the ratio of NeuN+/Hoechst in each group were observed. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of MAP2, NeuN, Neurog2, NeuroD1 and GluR2. Western blot was used to detect the expressions of ß-catenin and TCF4 associated with Wnt/ß-catenin signaling channel. Verapamil (100 µmol/L, L-type calcium channel blockers) and Dkk1 (50 µg/ml, ß-catenin inhibitor) were used to treat stem cells of the NSCs+ChR2 group and then the expressions of MAP2, NeuN, Neurog2, NeuroD1 and GluR were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: After 3 days of 470 nm blue laser irradiation, NeuN+ positive cell density(the maturation of neural stem cells)and the ratio of NeuN+/Hoechst, the expression levels of the protein MAP2, NeuN, Neurog2, NeuroD1, GluR and the protein ß-catenin and TCF4 associated with Wnt/ß-catenin signaling channel detected by Western blot were significantly increased in the group of NSCs+ChR2, compared with NSCs and NSCs+EGFP groups. The expressions of MAP2, NeuN, Neurog2, NeuroD1 and GluR were remarkably decreased after treated by verapamil and Dkk1 in the group of NSCs+ChR2. It was proved that the opening of ChR2 channel producing cationic influx promoted the maturation of neural stem cells and induced by the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway. CONCLUSION: Optical genetic promoted the maturation of newborn neurons through the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Neurais/citologia , Neurônios/citologia , Optogenética , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Ratos , Transfecção
14.
Pharm Res ; 36(9): 133, 2019 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31289919

RESUMO

PURPOSE: KRAS is the most frequently mutated gene in human cancers. Despite its direct involvement in malignancy and intensive effort, direct inhibition of KRAS via pharmacological inhibitors has been challenging. RNAi induced knockdown using siRNAs against mutant KRAS alleles offers a promising tool for selective therapeutic silencing in KRAS-mutant lung cancers. However, the major bottleneck for clinical translation is the lack of efficient biocompatible siRNA carrier systems. METHODS: Bovine serum albumin (BSA) nanoparticles were prepared by desolvation method to deliver siRNA targeting the KRAS G12S mutation. The BSA nanoparticles were characterized with respect to their size, zeta potential, encapsulation efficiency and nucleic acid release. Nanoparticle uptake, cellular distribution of nucleic acids, cytotoxicity and gene knock down to interfere with cancer hallmarks, uncontrolled proliferation and migration, were evaluated in KRAS G12S mutant A459 cells, a lung adenocarcinoma cell line. RESULTS: BSA nanoparticles loaded with siRNA resulted in nanoparticles smaller than 200 nm in diameter and negative zeta potentials, displaying optimal characteristics for in vivo application. Encapsulating and protecting the siRNA payload well, the nanoparticles enabled transport to A549 cells in vitro, could evade endosomal entrapment and mediated significant sequence-specific KRAS knockdown, resulting in reduced cell growth of siRNA transfected lung cancer cells. CONCLUSIONS: BSA nanoparticles loaded with mutant specific siRNA are a promising therapeutic approach for KRAS-mutant cancers.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Nanopartículas/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/farmacologia , Soroalbumina Bovina/química , Células A549 , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Bovinos , Sobrevivência Celular , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Terapia Genética , Humanos , Mutação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Transfecção
15.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 35(7): 1307-1316, 2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31328487

RESUMO

Gene therapy is a rapidly developing field. The most widely used technique for foreign gene transfer is lentiviral-mediated gene therapy. Lentiviral vector has been developed from the first generation to the third generation in terms of safety. The preparation of lentiviruses with high titer remains difficult. In this study, a Fibra-Cel sheet carrier was used as an HEK293T cell carrier matrix, and several sterile cell culture spinners were combined and cultured on a roller bottle machine to scale up the adherent cells. The virus titer was maximized by screening the factors to optimize the lentivirus titer in the third-generation lentivirus packaging process one by one. Fibra-Cel sheet vector was successfully used as the matrix of HEK293T cell adhesion to culture adherent cells at large scale. The optimal conditions for large-scale preparation of the third-generation lentivirus by bottle roller were screened and three batches of lentiviruses were produced on pilot scale. The production time of lentivirus was shortened from 120 hours to 54 hours from plasmid transfection to virus collection; in terms of cost, a rolling bottle machine was used instead of a bioreactor, leading to lower cost and no need for repeated sterilization during the whole process. The safe, effective and low-cost operation of successful production will provide a technical base for the large-scale preparation of lentivirus and thus lay a firm foundation for its clinical application.


Assuntos
Vetores Genéticos , Lentivirus , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Transdução Genética , Transfecção
16.
Chemphyschem ; 20(16): 2110-2121, 2019 08 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31265754

RESUMO

The physicochemical properties and transfection efficacies of two samples of a cationic lipid have been investigated and compared in 2D (monolayers at the air/liquid interface) and 3D (aqueous bulk dispersions) model systems using different techniques. The samples differ only in their chain composition due to the purity of the oleylamine (chain precursor). Lipid 8 (using the oleylamine of technical grade for cost-efficient synthesis) shows lateral phase separation in the Langmuir layers. However, the amount of attached DNA, determined by IRRAS, is for both samples the same. In 3D systems, lipid 8 p forms cubic phases, which disappear after addition of DNA. At physiological temperatures, both lipids (alone and in mixture with cholesterol) assemble to lamellar aggregates and exhibit comparable DNA delivery efficiency. This study demonstrates that non-lamellar structures are not compulsory for high transfection rates. The results legitimate the utilization of oleyl chains of technical grade in the synthesis of cationic transfection lipids.


Assuntos
Aminas/química , DNA/química , Lipídeos/química , Lipossomos/química , Aminas/síntese química , Aminas/normas , Aminas/toxicidade , Animais , Bovinos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Colesterol/química , Técnicas de Transferência de Genes/normas , Humanos , Lipídeos/síntese química , Lipídeos/normas , Lipídeos/toxicidade , Lipossomos/normas , Lipossomos/toxicidade , Estrutura Molecular , Transição de Fase , Suínos , Transfecção/normas , Temperatura de Transição
17.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 35(6): 557-562, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292061

RESUMO

Objective To construct a random mutagenesis library of 3E1D7, a chimerical antibody against c-mesenchymal epithelial transition factor (c-Met), using mammalian cell surface display. Methods Antibody genes with randomly mutated complementarity-determining region 3 (CDR3) part were inserted into the mammalian expression plasmid pSZI-CD to construct the random mutagenesis library using double enzyme digestion. Reconstructed plasmids were then cloned into CHO cells by transfection. The expression level of antibodies on the surface of CHO cells was checked by C6 PLUS flow cytometry. Results 3E1D7 random mutagenesis library was successfully constructed with a volume of 5.52×106 in diversity on gene level. Sequence analysis showed that all 20 clones randomly picked from the library coded for 20 different mutated amino acid sequences in open reading frames. After transfection, the expression of full-length antibodies on CHO cell surfaces could be detected by flow cytometry. Conclusion A random mutagenesis library of a certain anti-c-Met antibody has been successfully constructed with an exhibitable diversity of 5.52×106, which would be a useful platform for further screening of therapeutic antibodies.


Assuntos
Biblioteca Gênica , Vetores Genéticos , Mutagênese , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Anticorpos/química , Cricetinae , Cricetulus , Fases de Leitura Aberta , Plasmídeos/genética , Transfecção
18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31327201

RESUMO

Objective:The aim of this study is to screen the targeting chemokine receptor 3-RNA interference (CCR3-RNAi) lentiviral expression vector, infect mouse mast cells,observe the expression of this gene in mast cells and the interference efficiency of the virus vector.The pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis lays the foundation.Method:Three pairs of CCR3-shRNA sequences were constructed,and three pairs of double-stranded shRNA oligo were inserted into shRNA lentiviral vectors to construct three shRNA lentiviral recombinant plasmids.The recombinant vector and virus-packed auxiliary plasmids were co-transfected into 293T cells to obtain lentiviral plasmids.The lentiviral plasmids were then transfected into mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells in vitro and purified. The expression level of CCR3 mRNA in mast cells was verified by qRT-PCR,and the expression level of CCR3 protein in mast cells was detected by Western Blot.Result: It was confirmed by sequencing that the lentiviral vector of CCR3 shRNA was successfully constructed, transfected into 293T cells and packaged with virus. Finally the high purity PDSO19-PL-CCR3 lentiviral plasmid was obtained with a virus titer of 3.7×108TU/ml.The lentiviral plasmid was used to infect mouse mast cells.RT-PCR and Western Blot detection assay showed that CCR3shRNA reduced the expression of CCR3 gene in mouse mast cells at the level of mRNA and protein.Conclusion: The CCR3 gene RNAi lentivirus expression vector was successfully constructed.It was found that it downregulated the expression level of CCR3 gene mRNA and protein in mouse mast cells,which laid the foundation for further research on its role in the pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis.


Assuntos
Vetores Genéticos , Mastócitos/citologia , Interferência de RNA , Receptores CCR3/genética , Animais , Lentivirus , Camundongos , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Rinite Alérgica/patologia , Transfecção
19.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(7): 708-712, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315773

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To construct the recombinant adenoviral vector carrying the rat interleukin-10 (rIL-10) gene, and to investigate whether it is stably expressed in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. METHODS: The rIL-10 gene was amplified by PCR from template rIL-10 cDNA, and the recovered 656 bp rIL-10 DNA fragment was cloned into pcDNA3.1 to construct pcDNA3.1-IL-10. Then HEK293 cells were transfected with pcDNA3.1-IL-10 and adenoviral vector for homologous recombination, and sequencing and PCR were used to evaluate whether recombination was successful. HEK293 cells were lysed by repeated freeze-thaw cycles, and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells were infected with the virus solution containing the rIL-10 gene. Western blot was used to measure the expression of rIL-10 in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. RESULTS: Sequencing and PCR verified that the rIL-10 adenoviral vector was successfully constructed, with a virus titer of 4×109 PFU/mL. The expression of IL-10 was detected after bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells were infected by the virus solution containing the rIL-10 gene. CONCLUSIONS: The constructed rIL-10 recombinant adenovirus can mediate the stable expression of rIL-10 gene in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells, which provides a basis for gene transplantation therapy of inflammatory bowel disease.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Adenoviridae , Animais , Células da Medula Óssea , Vetores Genéticos , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Interleucina-10 , Ratos , Transfecção
20.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(57): 8227-8230, 2019 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31268107

RESUMO

An original family of multivalent vectors encompassing gemini and facial amphiphilicity, namely cationic Siamese twin surfactants, has been prepared from the disaccharide trehalose; molecular engineering lets us modulate the self-assembling properties and the topology of the nanocomplexes with plasmid DNA for efficient gene delivery in vitro and in vivo.


Assuntos
Nanoestruturas/química , Plasmídeos/química , Tensoativos/química , Transfecção/métodos , Trealose/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Cercopithecus aethiops , Humanos , Camundongos , Plasmídeos/metabolismo
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