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1.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 1978434, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34337001

RESUMO

Lung cancer is one of the most serious leading cancers with high incidence globally. Identifying molecular markers is key for disease diagnosis and treatment. Coal dust might be important triggering factors in disease development. Here, we first performed RNA-seq-based screening in coal dust treated and nontreated RAW264.7 cell lines. PHLDB2 was found to be the top differentially expressed gene. By retrieving TCGA lung cancer dataset, we observed that PHLDB2 showed upregulations in males and smoker patients. Patients with lower PHLDB2 expression survived longer than those with higher expressions. Furthermore, PHLDB2 was negatively correlated with EMT makers, and a total of 2.74% mutation rate were observed in 1,059 patients. This finding highlights the critical role of PHLDB2 in lung cancer development. PHLDB2 might be a molecular maker for disease diagnosis or treatment.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Carvão Mineral , Poeira , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , RNA-Seq , Animais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Morte Celular/genética , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Camundongos , Células RAW 264.7 , Análise de Sobrevida
2.
J Cell Sci ; 134(2)2021 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34432034

RESUMO

Silicosis is characterized by silica exposure-induced lung interstitial fibrosis and formation of silicotic nodules, resulting in lung stiffening. The acetylation of microtubules mediated by α-tubulin N-acetyltransferase 1 (α-TAT1) is a posttranslational modification that promotes microtubule stability in response to mechanical stimulation. α-TAT1 and downstream acetylated α-tubulin (Ac-α-Tub) are decreased in silicosis, promoting the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT); however, the underlying mechanisms are unknown. We found that silica, matrix stiffening or their combination triggered Ac-α-Tub downregulation in alveolar epithelial cells, followed by DNA damage and replication stress. α-TAT1 elevated Ac-α-Tub to limit replication stress and the EMT via trafficking of p53-binding protein 1 (53BP1, also known as TP53BP1). The results provide evidence that α-TAT1 and Ac-α-Tub inhibit the EMT and silicosis fibrosis by preventing 53BP1 mislocalization and relieving DNA damage. This study provides insight into how the cell cycle is regulated during the EMT and why the decrease in α-TAT1 and Ac-α-Tub promotes silicosis fibrosis. This article has an associated First Person interview with the first authors of the paper.


Assuntos
Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Tubulina (Proteína) , Acetilação , Dano ao DNA , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Humanos , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional , Dióxido de Silício/toxicidade , Tubulina (Proteína)/genética , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo
3.
Gene ; 805: 145904, 2021 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418470

RESUMO

Breast cancer is the second most common cause of cancer-related mortality in women. Breast cancer metastasis which usually is observed at the last stage is the major cause of breast cancer-related death. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are member of the non-coding RNA family. It is known that lncRNAs have important functions in the genes regulation of different processes and pathways such as EMT (Epithelial mesenchymal transition), metastasis and apoptosis. Therefore, it is inevitable that lncRNAs have potential contribution for the understanding of cancer pathogenesis. lncRNA-ZEB2NAT is the natural antisense transcript of ZEB2. Herein, we investigated the effects of lncRNA-ZEB2NAT on process of EMT, metastasis and apoptosis in MCF7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. The effect of ZEB2NAT on the expression of important genes in EMT, metastasis and apoptosis, and some protein levels was determined by qRT-PCR and western blot analysis, respectively. The effects of ZEB2NAT on cell proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and colony formation were evaluated using XTT, annexin V, invasion and colony assays, respectively. The ZEB2NAT knockdown caused anti-metastatic and apoptotic effects. The ZEB2NAT knockdown resulted in a decrease in ZEB2 and N-cadherin but an increase in E-cadherin protein levels. In addition, it was determined that ZEB2NAT knockdown significantly decreased cell proliferation and stimulated apoptosis in both cells. It was found that ZEB2NAT knockdown significantly decreased invasion and colony formation in both cells. ZEB2NAT knockdown showed anti-metastatic and apoptotic effect by affecting the important genes in both cells. These results have suggested that ZEB2NAT has an important role in EMT, metastasis and apoptosis in breast cancer and ZEB2NAT knockdown caused significant anti-cancer activities.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Homeobox 2 de Ligação a E-box com Dedos de Zinco/genética , Apoptose/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Caderinas/genética , Caderinas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Expressão Gênica/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Homeobox 2 de Ligação a E-box com Dedos de Zinco/metabolismo
4.
Mol Biol (Mosk) ; 55(4): 617-625, 2021.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34432779

RESUMO

MUC4 is a predominant membrane-tethered mucin lubricating and protecting the epithelial surface and playing various biological roles in the renewal and differentiation of epithelial cells, cell signaling, cell adhesion, and carcinogenesis. Interestingly, recent studies have demonstrated that MUC4 expression regulates the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of cancer cells in ovarian, pancreatic, and lung cancer. However, the effects of MUC4 expression on EMT in human airway epithelial cells are not yet well known. Here, we describe the effects of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-ß1)-induced MUC4 expression on EMT and evaluate its downstream signaling pathway in human airway epithelial cells. In human airway epithelial NCI-H292 cells, exposure to TGF-ß1 induced expression of MUC4, CDH2, VIM and SNAI1 genes and encoded by them proteins, MUC4, N-cadherin, vimentin and Snail, and reduced the level of CDH1 and its product, E-cadherin. In MUC4-knockdown cells, TGF-ß1-induced expression levels of MUC4, CDH2, VIM and SNAI1 and corresponding proteins were suppressed, but CDH1 and E-cadherin levels were not. In addition, TGF-ß1-induced phosphorylation of extracellular signal regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) was suppressed, but that of Smad2/3, Akt, and p38 was not. The results of this study suggest that MUC4 silencing inhibits TGF-ß1 -induced EMT via the ERK1/2 pathway, and a possible role of MUC4 in the induction of EMT in human airway epithelial cells.


Assuntos
Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1 , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Humanos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/genética , Mucina-4/genética , Mucina-4/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/genética
5.
Theranostics ; 11(16): 7658-7670, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335956

RESUMO

SNAI1 is widely regarded as a master driver of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and associated with breast cancer progression and metastasis. This pro-malignant role is strongly linked to posttranslational modification, especially phosphorylation, which controls its protein levels and subcellular localization. While multiple kinases are implicated in regulation of SNAI1 stability, the precise mechanism by which SNAI1 is stabilized in tumors remains to be fully elucidated. Methods: A series of in vitro and in vivo experiments were conducted to reveal the regulation of SNAI1 by Serine/Threonine Kinase 39 (STK39) and the role of STK39 in breast cancer metastasis. Results: We identified STK39, a member of Stem 20-like serine/threonine kinase family, as a novel posttranslational regulator that enhances the stability of SNAI1. Inhibition of STK39 via knockdown or use of a specific inhibitor resulted in SNAI1 destabilization. Mechanistically, STK39 interacted with and phosphorylated SNAI1 at T203, which is critical for its nuclear retention. Functionally, STK39 inhibition markedly impaired the EMT phenotype and decreased tumor cell migration, invasion, and metastasis both in vitro and in vivo. These effects were rescued by ectopic SNAI1 expression. In addition, depletion of STK39 dramatically enhanced sensitivity to chemotherapeutic agents. Conclusions: Our study demonstrated that STK39 is a key mediator of SNAI1 stability and is associated with the pro-metastatic cellular process, highlighting the STK39-SNAI1 signaling axis as promising therapeutic targets for treatments of metastatic breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição da Família Snail/metabolismo , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/fisiopatologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos SCID , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Fosforilação , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Fatores de Transcrição da Família Snail/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
6.
Theranostics ; 11(16): 7671-7684, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335957

RESUMO

Snail1 is a transcriptional factor required for epithelial to mesenchymal transition and activation of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAF). Apart from that, tumor endothelial cells also express Snail1. Here, we have unraveled the role of Snail1 in this tissue in a tumorigenic context. Methods: We generated transgenic mice with an endothelial-specific and inducible Snail1 depletion. This murine line was crossed with MMTV-PyMT mice that develop mammary gland tumors and the consequence of Snail1 depletion in the endothelium were investigated. We also interfere Snail1 expression in cultured endothelial cells. Results: Specific Snail1 depletion in the endothelium of adult mice does not promote an overt phenotype; however, it delays the formation of mammary gland tumors in MMTV-PyMT mice. These effects are associated to the inability of Snail1-deficient endothelial cells to undergo angiogenesis and to enhance CAF activation in a paracrine manner. Moreover, tumors generated in mice with endothelium-specific Snail1 depletion are less advanced and show a papillary phenotype. Similar changes on onset and tumor morphology are observed by pretreatment of MMTV-PyMT mice with the angiogenic inhibitor Bevacizumab. Human breast papillary carcinomas exhibit a lower angiogenesis and present lower staining of Snail1, both in endothelial and stromal cells, compared with other breast neoplasms. Furthermore, human breast tumors datasets show a strong correlation between Snail1 expression and high angiogenesis. Conclusion: These findings show a novel role for Snail1 in endothelial cell activation and demonstrate that these cells impact not only on angiogenesis, but also on tumor onset and phenotype.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Fatores de Transcrição da Família Snail/metabolismo , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer/metabolismo , Carcinogênese/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/fisiologia , Feminino , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição da Família Snail/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34201896

RESUMO

miR-29b2 and miR-29c play a suppressive role in breast cancer progression. C1orf132 (also named MIR29B2CHG) is the host gene for generating both microRNAs. However, the region also expresses longer transcripts with unknown functions. We employed bioinformatics and experimental approaches to decipher C1orf132 expression and function in breast cancer tissues. We also used the CRISPR/Cas9 technique to excise a predicted C1orf132 distal promoter and followed the behavior of the edited cells by real-time PCR, flow cytometry, migration assay, and RNA-seq techniques. We observed that C1orf132 long transcript is significantly downregulated in triple-negative breast cancer. We also identified a promoter for the longer transcripts of C1orf132 whose functionality was demonstrated by transfecting MCF7 cells with a C1orf132 promoter-GFP construct. Knocking-out the promoter by means of CRISPR/Cas9 revealed no alterations in the expression of the neighboring genes CD46 and CD34, while the expression of miR-29c was reduced by half. Furthermore, the promoter knockout elevated the migration ability of the edited cells. RNA sequencing revealed many up- and downregulated genes involved in various cellular pathways, including epithelial to mesenchymal transition and mammary gland development pathways. Altogether, we are reporting here the existence of an additional/distal promoter with an enhancer effect on miR-29 generation and an inhibitory effect on cell migration.


Assuntos
RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Animais , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Núcleo Celular/genética , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo
8.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 189(1): 25-37, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231077

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The transcription factors ZEB1 and ZEB2 mediate epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and metastatic progression in numerous malignancies including breast cancer. ZEB1 and ZEB2 drive EMT through transcriptional repression of cell-cell junction proteins and members of the tumor suppressive miR200 family. However, in estrogen receptor positive (ER +) breast cancer, the role of ZEB2 as an independent driver of metastasis has not been fully investigated. METHODS: In the current study, we induced exogenous expression of ZEB2 in ER + MCF-7 and ZR-75-1 breast cancer cell lines and examined EMT gene expression and metastasis using dose-response qRT-PCR, transwell migration assays, proliferation assays with immunofluorescence of Ki-67 staining. We used RNA sequencing to identify pathways and genes affected by ZEB2 overexpression. Finally, we treated ZEB2-overexpressing cells with 17ß-estradiol (E2) or ICI 182,780 to evaluate how ZEB2 affects estrogen response. RESULTS: Contrary to expectation, we found that ZEB2 did not increase canonical epithelial nor decrease mesenchymal gene expressions. Furthermore, ZEB2 overexpression did not promote a mesenchymal cell morphology. However, ZEB1 and ZEB2 protein expression induced significant migration of MCF-7 and ZR-75-1 breast cancer cells in vitro and MCF-7 xenograft metastasis in vivo. Transcriptomic (RNA sequencing) pathway analysis revealed alterations in estrogen signaling regulators and pathways, suggesting a role for ZEB2 in endocrine sensitivity in luminal A breast cancer. Expression of ZEB2 was negatively correlated with estrogen receptor complex genes in luminal A patient tumors. Furthermore, treatment with 17ß-estradiol (E2) or the estrogen receptor antagonist ICI 182,780 had no effect on growth of ZEB2-overexpressing cells. CONCLUSION: ZEB2 is a multi-functional regulator of drug sensitivity, cell migration, and metastasis in ER + breast cancer and functions through non-canonical mechanisms.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Homeobox 2 de Ligação a E-box com Dedos de Zinco , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Fulvestranto , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Homeobox 2 de Ligação a E-box com Dedos de Zinco/genética
9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(14)2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299016

RESUMO

Metaplastic breast carcinoma (MBC) is a heterogeneous group of infrequent triple negative (TN) invasive carcinomas with poor prognosis. MBCs have a different clinical behavior from other types of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), being more resistant to standard chemotherapy. MBCs are an example of tumors with activation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). The mechanisms involved in EMT could be responsible for the increase in the infiltrative and metastatic capacity of MBCs and resistance to treatments. In addition, a relationship between EMT and the immune response has been seen in these tumors. In this sense, MBC differ from other TN tumors showing a lower number of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILS) and a higher percentage of tumor cells expressing programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1). A better understanding of the relationship between the immune system and EMT could provide new therapeutic approaches in MBC.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/imunologia , Carcinoma/imunologia , Carcinoma/metabolismo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/imunologia , Antígeno B7-H1/imunologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/imunologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Caderinas/metabolismo , Carcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/imunologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia
10.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 189(2): 333-345, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34241740

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive breast cancer subtype that lacks targeted therapies. Patients with TNBC have a very poor prognosis because the disease often metastasizes. New treatment approaches addressing drivers of metastasis and tumor growth are crucial to improving patient outcomes. Developing targeted gene therapy is thus a high priority for TNBC patients. PEA15 (phosphoprotein enriched in astrocytes, 15 kDa) is known to bind to ERK, preventing ERK from being translocated to the nucleus and hence blocking its activity. The biological function of PEA15 is tightly regulated by its phosphorylation at Ser104 and Ser116. However, the function and impact of phosphorylation status of PEA15 in the regulation of TNBC metastasis and in epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) are not well understood. METHODS: We established stable cell lines overexpressing nonphosphorylatable (PEA15-AA) and phospho-mimetic (PEA15-DD) mutants. To dissect specific cellular mechanisms regulated by PEA15 phosphorylation status, we performed RT-PCR immune and metastasis arrays. In vivo mouse models were used to determine the effects of PEA15 phosphorylation on tumor growth and metastasis. RESULTS: We found that the nonphosphorylatable mutant PEA15-AA prevented formation of mammospheres and expression of EMT markers in vitro and decreased tumor growth and lung metastasis in in vivo experiments when compared to control, PEA15-WT and phosphomimetic PEA15-DD. However, phosphomimetic mutant PEA15-DD promoted migration, mesenchymal marker expression, tumorigenesis, and lung metastasis in the mouse model. PEA15-AA-mediated inhibition of breast cancer cell migratory capacity and tumorigenesis was the partial result of decreased expression of interleukin-8 (IL-8). Further, we identified that expression of IL-8 was possibly mediated through one of the ERK downstream molecules, Ets-1. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that PEA15 phosphorylation status serves as an important regulator for PEA15's dual role as an oncogene or tumor suppressor and support the potential of PEA15-AA as a therapeutic strategy for treatment of TNBC.


Assuntos
Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Interleucina-8 , Camundongos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética
11.
Mol Cell ; 81(15): 3048-3064.e9, 2021 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34216543

RESUMO

RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) are critical regulators of post-transcriptional gene expression, and aberrant RBP-RNA interactions can promote cancer progression. Here, we interrogate the function of RBPs in cancer using pooled CRISPR-Cas9 screening and identify 57 RBP candidates with distinct roles in supporting MYC-driven oncogenic pathways. We find that disrupting YTHDF2-dependent mRNA degradation triggers apoptosis in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells and tumors. eCLIP and m6A sequencing reveal that YTHDF2 interacts with mRNAs encoding proteins in the MAPK pathway that, when stabilized, induce epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and increase global translation rates. scRibo-STAMP profiling of translating mRNAs reveals unique alterations in the translatome of single cells within YTHDF2-depleted solid tumors, which selectively contribute to endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced apoptosis in TNBC cells. Thus, our work highlights the therapeutic potential of RBPs by uncovering a critical role for YTHDF2 in counteracting the global increase of mRNA synthesis in MYC-driven breast cancers.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Adenosina/metabolismo , Animais , Morte Celular/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Genes myc , Humanos , Camundongos Nus , Camundongos Transgênicos , Biossíntese de Proteínas , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
12.
Cancer Sci ; 112(9): 3846-3855, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34286904

RESUMO

Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein L-like (HNRNPLL), a suppressor of colorectal cancer (CRC) metastasis, is transcriptionally downregulated when CRC cells undergo epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Here we show that decrease of MYB mediates the downregulation of HNRNPLL during EMT. The promoter activity was attributed to a region from -273 to -10 base pairs upstream of the transcription start site identified by 5'-RACE analysis, and the region contained potential binding sites for MYB and SP1. Luciferase reporter gene assays and knockdown or knockout experiments for genes encoding the MYB family proteins, MYB, MYBL1, and MYBL2, revealed that MYB was responsible for approximately half of the promoter activity. On the other hand, treatment with mithramycin A, an inhibitor for SP1 and SP3, suppressed the promoter activity and their additive contribution was confirmed by knockout experiments. The expression level of MYB was reduced on EMT while that of SP1 and SP3 was unchanged, suggesting that the downregulation of HNRNPLL during EMT was mediated by the decrease of MYB expression while SP1 and SP3 determine the basal transcription level of HNRNPLL. Histopathological analysis confirmed the accumulation of MYB-downregulated cancer cells at the invasion front of clinical CRC tissues. These results provide an insight into the molecular mechanism underlying CRC progression.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myb/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação , Proliferação de Células/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Progressão da Doença , Regulação para Baixo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Células HT29 , Humanos , Metástase Neoplásica , Plicamicina/análogos & derivados , Plicamicina/farmacologia , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myb/genética , Fator de Transcrição Sp1/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator de Transcrição Sp1/genética , Fator de Transcrição Sp1/metabolismo , Transcrição Genética/genética , Transfecção
13.
Anticancer Res ; 41(7): 3349-3361, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230131

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The present study investigated the oncogenic functions of TACC3 in the progression of gastric cancer (GC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analysed TACC3 in relation to cell growth, invasion capability, expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related markers, and ERK/Akt/cyclin D1 signaling factors. The correlation between the immunohistochemically confirmed expression of TACC3 and clinical factors was also analyzed. RESULTS: The increased proliferation and invasion of TACC3-over-expressing GC cells was accompanied by altered regulation of EMT-associated markers and activation of ERK/Akt/cyclin D1 signaling. Immunohistochemical analysis of TACC3 in human GC tissues revealed that its expression is correlated with aggressive characteristics and poor prognosis of intestinal-type GC. CONCLUSION: TACC3 contributes to gastric tumorigenesis by promoting EMT via the ERK/Akt/cyclin D1 signaling pathway. The correlation between TACC3 expression and multiple clinicopathological variables implies that its effective therapeutic targeting in GC will depend on the tumor subtype.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese/genética , Ciclina D1/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/genética , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Carcinogênese/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Estômago/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
14.
Viruses ; 13(6)2021 06 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34200583

RESUMO

It is suggested that HPV-18 variants from the A lineage have higher oncogenic potential compared to B variants. Some studies show uneven distribution of HPV-18 variants in cervical adenocarcinomas and squamous cell carcinomas. Regarding HPV-18 variants' functions, the few studies reported focus on E6, and none were performed using natural host cells. Here, we immortalized primary human keratinocytes (PHKs) with E6/E7 of HPV-18 A1 and B1 sublineages and functionally characterized these cells. PHK18A1 reached immortalization significantly faster than PHK18B1 and formed a higher number of colonies in monolayer and 3D cultures. Moreover, PHK18A1 showed greater invasion ability and higher resistance to apoptosis induced by actinomycin-D. Nevertheless, no differences were observed regarding morphology, proliferation after immortalization, migration, or epithelial development in raft cultures. Noteworthy, our study highlights qualitative differences among HPV-18 A1 and B1 immortalized PHKs: in contrast to PHK18A1, which formed more compact colonies and spheroids of firmly grouped cells and tended to invade and migrate as clustered cells, morphologically, PHK18B1 colonies and spheroids were looser, and migration and invasion of single cells were observed. Although these observations may be relevant for the association of these variants with cervical cancer of different histological subtypes, further studies are warranted to elucidate the mechanisms behind these findings.


Assuntos
Transformação Celular Viral , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Variação Genética , Papillomavirus Humano 18/fisiologia , Queratinócitos/virologia , Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Dano ao DNA , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Queratinócitos/patologia , Proteínas Oncogênicas/genética , Proteínas Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais/metabolismo , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(11)2021 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34198949

RESUMO

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive and fatal interstitial lung disease. During the past decade, novel pathogenic mechanisms of IPF have been elucidated that have shifted the concept of IPF from an inflammatory-driven to an epithelial-driven disease. Dysregulated repair responses induced by recurrent epithelial cell damage and excessive extracellular matrix accumulation result in pulmonary fibrosis. Although there is currently no curative therapy for IPF, two medications, pirfenidone and nintedanib, have been introduced based on understanding the pathogenesis of the disease. In this review, we discuss advances in understanding IPF pathogenesis, highlighting epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), the ubiquitin-proteasome system, and endothelial cells. TGF-ß is a central regulator involved in EMT and pulmonary fibrosis. HECT-, RING finger-, and U-box-type E3 ubiquitin ligases regulate TGF-ß-Smad pathway-mediated EMT via the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. p27 degradation mediated by the SCF-type E3 ligase, Skp2, contributes to the progression of pulmonary fibrosis by promotion of either mesenchymal fibroblast proliferation, EMT, or both. In addition to fibroblasts as key effector cells in myofibroblast differentiation and extracellular matrix deposition, endothelial cells also play a role in the processes of IPF. Endothelial cells can transform into myofibroblasts; therefore, endothelial-mesenchymal transition can be another source of myofibroblasts.


Assuntos
Fibrose Pulmonar/genética , Proteínas Quinases Associadas a Fase S/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Ubiquitina/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Humanos , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação/genética , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética
16.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(13): 17349-17369, 2021 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34226299

RESUMO

miR-144-3p is aberrantly expressed in several types of human cancer and functions as a tumor suppressor by inhibiting metastasis. However, the clinical significance and biological function of miR-144-3p in colorectal adenocarcinoma (CRA) have yet to be elucidated. Here we reported that miR-144-3p expression level was significantly down-regulated in CRA tissues compared with matched noncancerous colorectal mucosae tissues. Low miR-144-3p expression was correlated with adverse clinicopathologic characteristics and poor prognosis of CRA patients. Cox regression analysis showed that low miR-144-3p expression was an independent risk factor for DFS and OS in CRA. In vitro and in vivo assays showed that miR-144-3p significantly inhibited proliferation, migration and invasion of CRA cells. In particular, miR-144-3p could suppress EMT process of CRA cells by regulating the cytoskeleton and EMT markers. Bioinformatics analysis indicated that EMT associated transcription factors ZEB1 and ZEB2 were potential targets of miR-144-3p, and miR-144-3p inhibited ZEB1 and ZEB2 expression and was negatively correlated with their expression in CRA. Finally, we confirmed that ZEB1 and ZEB2 down-regulation collaboratively mediated the inhibitory effect of miR-144-3p on proliferation, invasion and EMT of CRA cells. In conclusion, our study provided evidence that miR-144-3p could inhibit CRA cell proliferation, invasion and EMT by targeting ZEB1/2.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Homeobox 2 de Ligação a E-box com Dedos de Zinco/genética , Homeobox 1 de Ligação a E-box em Dedo de Zinco/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Mucosa Intestinal/química , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Prognóstico
17.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(6): 931-936, 2021 Jun 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238747

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the regulatory role of the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) small nucleolar host gene 3 (SNHG3) in proliferation, migration and invasion of human cervical cancer cell line SiHa. OBJECTIVE: Array data were retrieved from GEO database to analyze the expression levels of SNHG3 in cervical cancer and adjacent normal tissues. SiHa cells were transfected with a small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting SNHG3, and the changes in the transcriptional levels of lncRNA SNHG3 and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers N-cadherin, Snail, vimentin and E-cadherin were detected using real-time quantitative PCR; the protein expressions of N-cadherin, Snail, vimentin and E-cadherin were determined using Western blotting. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) assay was utilized to assess the proliferation capacity of the transfected cells. Wound healing assay and Transwell assay were performed to evaluate the transversal and longitudinal migration and invasion abilities of the cells. OBJECTIVE: SNHG3 was over-expressed in cervical cancer tissues and SiHa cells. In SiHa cells, knocking down SNHG3 significantly inhibited the proliferation (P < 0.001), migration (P < 0.01) and invasion abilities (P < 0.001) of the cells, down-regulated the expression levels of N-cadherin, Snail and vimentin (P < 0.001) and up-regulated the expression of E-cadherin (P < 0.001). OBJECTIVE: SNHG3 may promote the proliferation, migration and invasion of SiHa cells by activating the EMT signaling pathway.


Assuntos
RNA Longo não Codificante , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Caderinas/genética , Caderinas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética
18.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(13): 17830-17846, 2021 07 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34254950

RESUMO

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) represents one of the most common malignancies and is the fifth leading cause of cancer-related deaths. Long intergenic non-coding RNAs (lincRNAs) have been suggested to be dysregulated in various types of cancers, and a growing number of lincRNAs have been implicated to be functional in the ESCC progression. In this study, we examined the role of linc00941 in the ESCC progression and explored the underlying molecular mechanisms. The bioinformatics analysis identified the up-regulation of linc00941 in the ESCC tissues. Further in vitro studies showed that linc00941 was up-regulated in ESCC cell lines. The loss-of-function studies demonstrated that linc00941 knockdown suppressed ESCC cell proliferation, invasion and migration, and also suppressed the in vivo tumor growth. Furthermore, bioinformatics prediction along with luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation assay implied that linc00941 acted as a competing endogenous RNA for miR-877-3p, and linc00941 regulated ESCC cell progression via at least targeting miR-877-3p. Subsequently, miR-877-3p targeted prostate transmembrane protein, androgen induced 1 (PMEPA1) 3' untranslated region and repressed PMEPA1 expression in ESCC cells; overexpression of PMEPA1 attenuated the inhibitory effects of linc00941 knockdown on the ESCC cell progression. Linc00941 knockdown suppressed epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) via targeting miR-877-3p/PMEPA1 axis in ESCC cells. In conclusion, our results indicated the oncogenic role of linc00941 in ESCC, and knockdown of linc00941 suppressed ESCC cell proliferation, invasion, migration and EMT via interacting with miR-877-3p/PMEPA1 axis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Biologia Computacional , Progressão da Doença , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(14)2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299246

RESUMO

Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), an aggressive malignancy, is typically diagnosed at an advanced stage. It is associated with dismal 5-year postoperative survival rates, generating an urgent need for prognostic and diagnostic biomarkers. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of non-coding RNAs that are associated with cancer regulation, including modulation of cell cycle progression, apoptosis, metastasis, angiogenesis, autophagy, therapy resistance, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Several miRNAs have been found to be dysregulated in CCA and are associated with CCA-related risk factors. Accumulating studies have indicated that the expression of altered miRNAs could act as oncogenic or suppressor miRNAs in the development and progression of CCA and contribute to clinical diagnosis and prognosis prediction as potential biomarkers. Furthermore, miRNAs and their target genes also contribute to targeted therapy development and aid in the determination of drug resistance mechanisms. This review aims to summarize the roles of miRNAs in the pathogenesis of CCA, their potential use as biomarkers of diagnosis and prognosis, and their utilization as novel therapeutic targets in CCA.


Assuntos
Colangiocarcinoma/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Apoptose/genética , Autofagia/genética , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/genética , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/metabolismo , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/fisiologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Expressão Gênica/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Prognóstico , Transcriptoma/genética
20.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 216, 2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281542

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) represents a major malignancy and is the third deathliest cancer globally. Several lines of evidence indicate that the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has a critical function in the development of gastric cancer. Although plentiful molecular biomarkers have been identified, a precise risk model is still necessary to help doctors determine patient prognosis in GC. METHODS: Gene expression data and clinical information for GC were acquired from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and 200 EMT-related genes (ERGs) from the Molecular Signatures Database (MSigDB). Then, ERGs correlated with patient prognosis in GC were assessed by univariable and multivariable Cox regression analyses. Next, a risk score formula was established for evaluating patient outcome in GC and validated by survival and ROC curves. In addition, Kaplan-Meier curves were generated to assess the associations of the clinicopathological data with prognosis. And a cohort from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database was used for validation. RESULTS: Six EMT-related genes, including CDH6, COL5A2, ITGAV, MATN3, PLOD2, and POSTN, were identified. Based on the risk model, GC patients were assigned to the high- and low-risk groups. The results revealed that the model had good performance in predicting patient prognosis in GC. CONCLUSIONS: We constructed a prognosis risk model for GC. Then, we verified the performance of the model, which may help doctors predict patient prognosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Estudos de Coortes , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Humanos , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética
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