Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 9.827
Filtrar
1.
Pediatr Emerg Care ; 38(6): 283-289, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35436767

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Emergency medical service (EMS) providers play an important role in determining which hospital to choose. To date, there is no evidence-based guideline to support their decisions, except for major trauma cases. Secondary transport is considered when a patient needs further investigation or treatment after primary transport, but this can delay treatment and put patients at unnecessary risk. The objective of this study was to investigate the outcomes of pediatric secondary transport patients to tertiary hospitals. METHODS: This was a citywide population-based observational study conducted in Kobe, Japan. We reviewed the EMS registry to identify secondary transport patients younger than 19 years and investigated their clinical characteristics. We excluded cases of unknown hospital destinations, nontransported cases, and major trauma patients who followed a different protocol for a hospital destination. The primary endpoint was the hospital outcome 12 hours after transport. Because there was no link between the EMS patient transport data and the hospital medical records, a probabilistic linkage was performed to obtain the hospital outcomes. Patients who required secondary transport were compared with patients transported directly to tertiary hospitals. RESULTS: A total of 13,720 pediatric patients were transported from the field by Kobe EMS between January 2013 and December 2015. Among them, 81 pediatric patients (0.6%) required secondary transport to tertiary hospitals within 24 hours of the primary transport, whereas a total of 3673 patients (27%) were transported directly to tertiary hospitals. Despite no apparent difference in prehospital severity, secondary transport patients were associated with higher hospitalization rates and a need for critical care compared with those who had direct transport. Seizure was the most common reason for the use of secondary transport, and 89% of the seizure patients were hospitalized after undergoing secondary transport; minor trauma was the second most common reason for the use of secondary transport, and 53% of the patients were hospitalized. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the characteristics of the secondary transport patients and hospital outcomes revealed a heterogeneity in pediatric prehospital transport. It is recommended that the development of pediatric EMS destination guidelines cover children's diverse conditions. Further studies are required, and linkages between prehospital and hospital data will help promote a better understanding of appropriate hospital destinations.


Assuntos
Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Transporte de Pacientes , Criança , Humanos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Convulsões , Centros de Atenção Terciária
3.
Am J Emerg Med ; 56: 107-112, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35395559

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the usability, feasibility, acceptability, and appropriateness of the information and communication technology for emergency medical services (ICT-EMS) systems to improve the transportation of emergency patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Emergency medical technicians (EMTs) (n = 229) employed at 7 fire stations operated by the North Chungcheong Fire Service Headquarters, South Korea were trained to use ICT-EMS devices prior to a 1-month implementation period. System Usability Scale (SUS), Feasibility of Intervention Measure (FIM), Acceptability of Intervention Measure (AIM), and Intervention Appropriateness Measure (IAM) questionnaires were conducted in the 4th week of the 1-month implementation period to assess the perceived usability, feasibility, acceptability, and appropriateness of the ICT-EMS systems. RESULTS: Among a total of 229 EMTs, 187 EMTs (81.7%) completed the survey. The overall SUS score was significantly low (score of 35.6) indicating an overall negative perception of the ICT-EMS systems. With regard to the feasibility, acceptability, and intervention appropriateness of ICT-EMS, roughly 50 (26.7%) participants agreed that ICT-EMS implementation was possible, appealing, and suitable. CONCLUSION: Many potential areas of improvement were identified within the ICT-EMS systems. System alterations regarding usability, feasibility, acceptability, and appropriateness may be necessary to successfully implement the ICT-EMS systems.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Auxiliares de Emergência , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pandemias , Transporte de Pacientes
5.
JAMA ; 327(8): 737-747, 2022 02 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35191923

RESUMO

Importance: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) has poor outcome. Whether intra-arrest transport, extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR), and immediate invasive assessment and treatment (invasive strategy) is beneficial in this setting remains uncertain. Objective: To determine whether an early invasive approach in adults with refractory OHCA improves neurologically favorable survival. Design, Setting, and Participants: Single-center, randomized clinical trial in Prague, Czech Republic, of adults with a witnessed OHCA of presumed cardiac origin without return of spontaneous circulation. A total of 256 participants, of a planned sample size of 285, were enrolled between March 2013 and October 2020. Patients were observed until death or day 180 (last patient follow-up ended on March 30, 2021). Interventions: In the invasive strategy group (n = 124), mechanical compression was initiated, followed by intra-arrest transport to a cardiac center for ECPR and immediate invasive assessment and treatment. Regular advanced cardiac life support was continued on-site in the standard strategy group (n = 132). Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was survival with a good neurologic outcome (defined as Cerebral Performance Category [CPC] 1-2) at 180 days after randomization. Secondary outcomes included neurologic recovery at 30 days (defined as CPC 1-2 at any time within the first 30 days) and cardiac recovery at 30 days (defined as no need for pharmacological or mechanical cardiac support for at least 24 hours). Results: The trial was stopped at the recommendation of the data and safety monitoring board when prespecified criteria for futility were met. Among 256 patients (median age, 58 years; 44 [17%] women), 256 (100%) completed the trial. In the main analysis, 39 patients (31.5%) in the invasive strategy group and 29 (22.0%) in the standard strategy group survived to 180 days with good neurologic outcome (odds ratio [OR], 1.63 [95% CI, 0.93 to 2.85]; difference, 9.5% [95% CI, -1.3% to 20.1%]; P = .09). At 30 days, neurologic recovery had occurred in 38 patients (30.6%) in the invasive strategy group and in 24 (18.2%) in the standard strategy group (OR, 1.99 [95% CI, 1.11 to 3.57]; difference, 12.4% [95% CI, 1.9% to 22.7%]; P = .02), and cardiac recovery had occurred in 54 (43.5%) and 45 (34.1%) patients, respectively (OR, 1.49 [95% CI, 0.91 to 2.47]; difference, 9.4% [95% CI, -2.5% to 21%]; P = .12). Bleeding occurred more frequently in the invasive strategy vs standard strategy group (31% vs 15%, respectively). Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with refractory out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, the bundle of early intra-arrest transport, ECPR, and invasive assessment and treatment did not significantly improve survival with neurologically favorable outcome at 180 days compared with standard resuscitation. However, the trial was possibly underpowered to detect a clinically relevant difference. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01511666.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Transporte de Pacientes , Idoso , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Futilidade Médica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/diagnóstico , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/mortalidade , Tempo para o Tratamento
6.
PLoS One ; 17(2): e0263278, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35104287

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 patients may require emergency medical services for emergent treatment and/or transport to a hospital for further treatment. However, it is common for the patients to experience adverse events during transport, even the shortest transport may cause life-threatening conditions. Most of the studies that have been done on prehospital care of COVID-19 patients were conducted in developed countries. Differences in population demographics and economy may limit the generalizability of available studies. So, this study was aimed at investigating the status of prehospital care delivery for COVID-19 patients in Addis Ababa focusing on adverse events that occurred during transport and associated factors. METHODS: A total of 233 patients consecutively transported to Saint Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College from November 6 to December 31, 2020, were included in the study. A team of physicians and nurses collected the data using a structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize data, and ordinal logistic regression was carried out to assess the association between explanatory variables and the outcome variable. Results are presented using frequency, percentage, chi-square, crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: The overall level of adverse events in prehospital setting was 44.2%. Having history of at least one chronic medical illness, [AOR3.2 (95%; CI; 1.11-9.53)]; distance traveled to reach destination facility, [AOR 0.11(95%; CI; 0.02-0.54)]; failure to recognize and administer oxygen to the patient in need of oxygen, [AOR 15.0(95%; CI; 4.0-55.7)]; absent or malfunctioned suctioning device, [AOR 4.0(95%; CI; 1.2-13.0)]; patients handling mishaps, [AOR 12.7(95%; CI; 2.9-56.8)] were the factors associated with adverse events in prehospital transport of COVID-19 patients. CONCLUSIONS: There were a significant proportion of adverse events in prehospital care among COVID-19 patients. Most of the adverse events were preventable. There is an urgent need to strengthen prehospital emergency care in Ethiopia by equipping the ambulances with essential and properly functioning equipment and trained manpower. Awareness creation and training of transport staff in identifying potential hazards, at-risk patients, adequate documentation, and patient handling during transport could help to prevent or minimize adverse events in prehospital care.


Assuntos
COVID-19/terapia , Transporte de Pacientes , Adulto , Idoso , COVID-19/patologia , Estudos Transversais , Documentação , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Etiópia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Med Sci Monit ; 28: e935474, 2022 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35221329

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The emergence of SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) and the sudden inflow of patients with severe COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) symptoms increased demand for hospital and pre-hospital care, the latter being provided by emergency medical teams. The Polish Medical Air Rescue Services include the Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) and the airplane-based Emergency Medical Service (EMS). This study aimed to present the experience of the Polish Medical Air Rescue Service during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic and measures taken to protect patients, medical staff, and air crew from SARS-CoV-2 infection. MATERIAL AND METHODS We conducted a retrospective analysis of missions completed by the Polish Medical Air Rescue crews with respect to confirmed SARS-CoV-2 cases. We analyzed data from the medical records of the Polish Medical Air Rescue Service, which included flights to accidents and emergencies, and air patient transport missions, where medical assistance was provided to patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection in the first year of the pandemic in Poland. RESULTS Among the COVID-19 patients, the most common comorbidity was acute respiratory failure (41.58%). Emergency missions more often concerned older patients with sudden cardiac arrest, dyspnea, upper respiratory tract infection, stroke, and acute coronary syndromes. CONCLUSIONS During the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic in Poland, the Polish Medical Air Rescue Service implemented procedures to protect patients, medical staff, and air crew from SARS-CoV-2 infection. This study highlights the importance of using single-patient isolation units for patient transport between hospitals and for emergency hospital admissions when the SARS-CoV-2 status of the patients were unknown.


Assuntos
Resgate Aéreo , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Corpo Clínico , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Registros Médicos , Pandemias , Polônia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transporte de Pacientes
9.
BMJ Open Qual ; 11(1)2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35017175

RESUMO

A rapid response system is required in a radiotherapy department for patients experiencing a critical event when access to an emergency department is poor due to geographic location and the patient is immobilised with a fixation device. We, therefore, rebuilt the response system and tested it through onsite simulations. A multidisciplinary core group was created and onsite simulations were conducted using a Plan-Do-Study-Act cycle. We identified the important characteristics of our facility, including its distance from the emergency department; the presence of many staff with little direct contact with patients; the treatment room environment and patient fixation with radiotherapy equipment. We also examined processes in each phase of the emergency response: detecting an emergency, calling the medical emergency team (MET), MET transportation to the site and on-site response and patient transportation to the emergency department. The protocol was modified, and equipment was updated. On-site simulations were held with and without explanation of the protocol and training scenario in advance. The time for the MET to arrive at the site during a 2017 simulation prior to the present project was 7 min, whereas the time to arrive after the first simulation session was shortened to 5 min and was then shortened further to 4 min in the second session, despite no prior explanation of the situation. A multidisciplinary project for emergency response with on-site simulations was conducted at an isolated radiation facility. A carefully planned emergency response is important not only in heavy ion therapy facilities but also in other departments and facilities that do not have easy access to hospital emergency departments.


Assuntos
Treinamento por Simulação , Humanos , Transporte de Pacientes
10.
Pediatr Emerg Care ; 38(5): 207-212, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34693934

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In Canada, critically ill pediatric patients require transfer to a tertiary care center for definitive medical and surgical management. Some studies suggest that family accompaniment could compromise care; currently, limited research has examined patient safety and outcomes during pediatric critical care transport with family presence, and no Canada-specific data currently exists. The primary objective of this study was to compare the rate of adverse events during the transport of pediatric patients by a specialized pediatric critical care transport team with parental accompaniment to those without parental accompaniment. Secondary objectives included whether geographic or patient-specific factors affected rates of parental accompaniment and if parental presence during transport was related to patient outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study in a pediatric critical care unit convenience sample at an academic children's hospital. Inclusion criteria constituted all patients younger than 18 years who were admitted to the pediatric critical care unit after interfacility transport by the London Health Sciences Center Neonatal Pediatric Transport Team between April 1, 2018, and April 30, 2020, inclusive. Adverse event rates, patient characteristics, and clinical outcomes were compared. RESULTS: There were 357 transports eligible for analysis. Of these, there were 180 transports with, and 177 without, parental accompaniment. The primary outcome was adverse event occurrence using the composite definition of adverse events, previously defined by a Canadian consensus process, which included patient-, transport provider-, laboratory-, and system/vehicle-related safety factors. The occurrence of adverse events was not significantly different between transports with and without parental accompaniment, 49.4% and 54.8%, respectively (odds ratio, 0.80; P = 0.311). CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to compare the effect on adverse event rate and clinically relevant outcomes between transports with and without parental presence during interfacility pediatric critical care transport. Our study found no significant difference in the adverse event rate between transports with and without parental presence.


Assuntos
Cuidados Críticos , Estado Terminal , Canadá , Criança , Estado Terminal/epidemiologia , Estado Terminal/terapia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Pais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transporte de Pacientes
11.
Nephrol Ther ; 18(1): 35-44, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34866005

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Patient transport represents the second largest item of cost of dialysis after hospitalization. A significant proportion of patients transported by ambulance are self-sufficient for walking. DESCRIPTION: A study was carried out in the PACA region (France) to analyse the profile of patients transported by ambulance and self-sufficient for walking and then to evaluate the savings for the Health Insurance. METHODS: A triangulation of data was carried out using data from haemodialysis patients recorded in the French REIN Registry in 2017 and data from two surveys: one of a sample of patients transported by ambulance and autonomous in walking, and the other of 62 nephrologists. RESULTS: The data from the REIN register allowed us to estimate that 44 % of patients transported by ambulance are self-sufficient for walking. Our study allowed us to estimate that 2/3 of patients transported by ambulance, self-sufficient for walking, have a reason for being transported by ambulance; for the third without a reason, the health insurance savings would amount to €2 million per year with a reclassification of their transport as seated transport. The survey of prescribers showed that there are exemptions justified by a temporary deterioration in health and/or housing conditions, but also by the lack of seated transport. CONCLUSION: One third of the patients, transported by ambulance and self-sufficient for walking, would have an inappropriate transport. This would be explained by the fluctuating state of health of the patients and would also linked to the lack of seated transportation. Savings are possible and depend in part on improved management of the supply.


Assuntos
Ambulâncias , Transporte de Pacientes , Hospitalização , Humanos , Seguro Saúde , Diálise Renal
13.
Am J Emerg Med ; 51: 58-63, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34678574

RESUMO

AIMS: Treating patients with acute heart failure is difficult at the local hospitals in medically depopulated areas where cardiologists are generally absent. These patients require long-distance and time-consuming transportation to the intensive care units. It is well known that tolvaptan is effective for the treatment of congestive heart failure, but the effect of prehospital tolvaptan use in patients is not well evaluated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of prehospital tolvaptan use in patients with acute congestive heart failure who require long-distance and time-consuming transportation. METHODS: This retrospective study included 30 patients who were newly diagnosed with acute heart failure at Wakkanai City Hospital and transported to Nayoro City General Hospital between January 2013 and May 2020. The patients were classified into those who received tolvaptan (tolvaptan group, n = 18) and did not receive tolvaptan (control group, n = 12). RESULTS: The percentage of patient survival at discharge did not show a statistically significant difference between the groups (100% [tolvaptan] vs. 91% [control], p = 0.414). During transportation, the percentage of patients in the tolvaptan group who required increased oxygen doses was statistically significantly lower than that in the control group (0% vs. 36%, p = 0.0181). Patients in the tolvaptan group had statistically significantly shorter intensive care unit stays (median: 2 days vs. 6 days, p = 0.0376), less days to discontinuation of oxygen (median: 2.8 days vs. 6.9 days, p < 0.00125), and less days to ambulation (median: 1.5 days vs. 7.5 days, p = 0.0362) compared with the control group. In the tolvaptan group, blood pressure was not different; however, heart rate was statistically significantly reduced (99 ± 21 vs. 88 ± 21 beats per minute, p = 0.016) during transportation. CONCLUSION: The use of tolvaptan in patients with acute heart failure requiring long-distance transport is safe and may show better clinical course compared with conventional therapies.


Assuntos
Antagonistas dos Receptores de Hormônios Antidiuréticos/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Tolvaptan/uso terapêutico , Transporte de Pacientes , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Caminhada
14.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 56: e20210432, 2022. graf
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1365416

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To describe the experience of aeromedical interhospital transport of an adult patient with severe hypoxemic respiratory failure due to SARS-CoV-2, on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Method: This is a case report, guided by the tool Case Report Guidelines, with a descriptive approach. Data were collected from the digital medical record and field notes after the approval by the Institution and the Human Research Ethics Committee. Results: The transport of a critically ill, unstable patient with acute respiratory syndrome 2 on extracorporeal oxygenation was an opportunity for the team to acquire new knowledge. The proper preparation of the fixed-wing aircraft and the profile of the team of specialist nurses contributed to the safety and quality in the three phases of flight: preflight, in-flight and post-flight. Conclusion: Air transport of adults on cardiopulmonary bypass to referral centers, under the care of an experienced multidisciplinary team, can contribute to positive results. The nurses' autonomy, their leadership role and expertise in process management are highlighted. Thus, success was evidenced with the patient's discharge after 45 days from the Intensive Care Unit.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Describir la experiencia del transporte inter hospitalario aeromédico de un paciente adulto, con hipoxia grave por SARS-CoV-2, en uso de membrana de oxigenación extra corpórea. Método: Reporte de caso, guiado por la herramienta Case Report Guidelines, con abordaje descriptivo. Los datos fueron recolectados del historial clínico digital del paciente y de los apuntes de campo tras aprobación hecha por la Institución y por el Comité de Ética e Investigación con Seres Humanos. Resultados: El transporte del paciente en estado grave, instable, con síndrome respiratoria aguda 2 en uso de oxigenación extra corpórea fue una oportunidad para el equipo asimilar nuevos conocimientos. La preparación adecuada de la aeronave de ala fija y el perfil del equipo de enfermeros expertos contribuyeron para realizar con seguridad y calidad las tres etapas del vuelo: antes, durante y después del vuelo. Conclusión: El transporte aéreo de adultos a los centros de referencia en circulación extra corpórea, bajo los cuidados de un equipo con diversos profesionales experientes, puede ser contributivo para los resultados positivos. Se pone de relieve la autonomía de los enfermeros, el rol de liderazgo y la expertise en el manejo de procesos. Para tal, el éxito fue evidenciado por el alta al paciente después de 45 días en Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos.


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever a experiência do transporte inter-hospitalar aeromédico de um paciente adulto, com insuficiência respiratória hipoxêmica grave por SARS-CoV-2, em uso de membrana de oxigenação extracorpórea. Método: Relato de caso, norteado pela ferramenta Case Report Guidelines, com abordagem descritiva. Os dados foram coletados do prontuário digital e do diário de campo após aprovação feita pela Instituição e pelo Comitê de Ética e Pesquisa com Seres Humanos. Resultados: O transporte do paciente em estado crítico, instável, com síndrome respiratória aguda 2 em uso de oxigenação extracorpórea foi uma oportunidade para a equipe assimilar novos conhecimentos. O preparo adequado da aeronave de asa fixa e o perfil da equipe de enfermeiros especialistas contribuíram para realizar com segurança e qualidade as três fases de voo: pré-voo, durante o voo e pós voo. Conclusão: O transporte aéreo de adultos para os centros de referência em circulação extracorpórea, sob os cuidados de uma equipe multiprofissional experiente, pode contribuir para os resultados positivos. Destaca-se a autonomia dos enfermeiros, o papel de liderança e a expertise no gerenciamento de processos. Para tal, o sucesso foi evidenciado pela alta do paciente após 45 dias do Centro de Terapia Intensiva.


Assuntos
Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Transporte de Pacientes , Relatos de Casos , Infecções por Coronavirus , Gestão do Conhecimento
15.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 1308, 2021 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34863156

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medical transportation is an essential step in health care services, and includes ground, air and water transportation. Among the important uses of medical transportation is the delivery of blood products in the event of a clinical emergency. Drone technology is the latest technological advancement that may revolutionize medical transportation globally. Nonetheless, its economic evaluation is scant and insufficient, whilst its cost-effectiveness remains controversial. The aim of this study was to compare the cost-effectiveness of drone transportation versus the ambulance. METHODS: The setting of the study was within a developing nation. An economic evaluation study of drone versus ambulance for emergency blood products transportation between the Sabah Women and Children Hospital (SWACH) and the Queen Elizabeth II Hospital (QEH2) on Borneo Island was conducted using the Cost-Effectiveness Analysis (CEA) technique. The total cost of each mode of transportation was calculated using the Activity Based Costing (ABC) method. Travel time was used as a denominator to estimate the Incremental Cost Effectiveness Ratio (ICER). RESULTS: For one clinical emergency in SWACH, a round trip of blood products transportation from SWACH to QEH2 costs RM1,266.02 (USD307.09) when using the ambulance, while the drone costs RM1,313.28 (USD319.36). The travel time for the drone was much shorter (18 min) compared to the ambulance (34 min). The Cost-Effectiveness Ratio (CER) of ambulance transportation was RM37.23 (USD9.05) per minute whilst the CER of drone transportation was RM72.96 (USD17.74) per minute. The ICER of drone versus ambulance was - 2.95, implying an increase of RM2.95 in cost for every minute saved using a drone instead of an ambulance. CONCLUSION: Although drone transportation of blood products costs more per minute compared to the ambulance, the significantly shorter transport time of the drone offset its cost. Thus, we believe there is good economic potential for drone usage for blood products transportation in developing nations particularly if the drone price decreases and its operational lifespan increases. Our limitation of a non-clinical denominator used in this study leads to the recommendation for use of clinical outcomes in future studies.


Assuntos
Ambulâncias , Criança , Análise Custo-Benefício , Feminino , Humanos , Transportes , Transporte de Pacientes
16.
An Pediatr (Engl Ed) ; 95(6): 485.e1-485.e10, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34857500

RESUMO

Specialized paediatric and neonatal transport is a useful and essential resource in the interhospital transfer of these patients. It allows bringing the material and personal resources of an intensive care unit closer to the regional hospitals where the patient can be found. The benefits of these teams are very well demonstrated in the literature. These units should be part of the emergency systems, while it would be recommended that they be staff integrated in the tertiary hospitals, in order to maintain the necessary skills and competencies. The team, made up of physicians, nurses and emergency medical technicians, must master both the pathophysiology of transport and that of the critical patient in this age range. A high quality of both human and care is important, so continuous training and periodic recycling will be essential to be compliant with the quality indicators in transport. Likewise, it is essential to have specific vehicles adapted to this function, which allow carrying the wide variety of necessary material, as well as the electromedicine that is required. However, in Spain this paediatric and neonatal transport model is not standardized and therefore is not homogeneous: there are different models that do not always provide adequate quality, making it necessary to implement specialized units throughout the country to guarantee sanitary transport quality to any critical child or neonate.


Assuntos
Transporte de Pacientes , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Espanha
17.
Am J Emerg Med ; 50: 618-624, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34879476

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients are often transported to the closest emergency department (ED) or cardiac center for initial stabilization and may be transferred for further care. We investigated the effects of delay to transfer on in hospital mortality at a receiving facility. METHODS: We included OHCA patients transported from the ED by a single critical care transport service to a quaternary care facility between 2010 and 2018. We calculated dwell time as time from arrest to critical care transport team contact. We abstracted demographics, arrest characteristics, and interventions started prior to transport arrival. For the primary analysis, we used logistic regression to determine the association of dwell time and in-hospital mortality. As secondary outcomes we investigated for associations of dwell time and mortality within 24 h of arrival, proximate cause of death among decedents, arterial pH and lactate on arrival, sum of worst SOFA subscales within 24 h of arrival, and rearrest during interfacility transport. RESULTS: We included 572 OHCA patients transported from an outside ED to our facility. Median dwell time was 113 (IQR = 85-159) minutes. Measured in 30 min epochs, increasing dwell time was not associated with in-hospital mortality, 24-h mortality, cause of death and initial pH, but was associated with lower 24-h SOFA score (p = 0.01) and lower initial lactate (p = 0.03). Rearrest during transport was rare (n = 29, 5%). Dwell time was associated with lower probability of rearrest during transport (OR = 0.847, (95% CI 0.68-1.01), p = 0.07). CONCLUSIONS: Dwell time was not associated with in-hospital mortality. Rapid transport may be associated with risk of rearrest. Prospective data are needed to clarify optimal patient stabilization and transport strategies.


Assuntos
Cuidados Críticos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/mortalidade , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Transferência de Pacientes , Tempo para o Tratamento , Idoso , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Transporte de Pacientes
19.
Bull Cancer ; 108(12): 1077-1084, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34802717

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Overseas France represents 18 % of French territory and is home to 4 % of its population for whom there is unequal treatment in the field of rare/complex cancer. AIM: To report our experience of intercontinental multidisciplinary videoconferencing between the French mainland and Pacific territories. METHODS: Every other friday, three centers located in Papeete, Nouméa and Paris-Villejuif connected between 6:30 AM and 8:00 AM GMT to discuss cases of rare/complex cancers. RESULTS: Between November 2019 and December 2020, 323 presentations implicating 233 patients involved sarcoma (n=93), digestive pathology (n=60), neuroendocrine tumors (n=35), urology (n=24), gynecology (n=24), neurology (n=16), thyroid pathology (n=14), dermatology (n=14), senology (n=11), hematology (n=11), ENT pathology (n=10), pathology thoracic (n=10) and pediatrics (n=1). Of the 233 patients, 134 (57.5 %) living in New Caledonia and 99 (42.5 %) in French Polynesia, 117 (50.5 %) had metastatic disease. 39 patients (16.7 %) were transferred to French mainland (EVASAN), for surgery (n=25), vectorized radiotherapy (n=7), biopsy (n=5), chemotherapy (n=1) or inclusion in a clinical trial (n=1). 195 patients (83.7 %) were treated at home, 15 (6.4 %) are still awaiting a decision and 4 (1.7 %) lost to follow-up. CONCLUSION: The use of videoconferencing to discuss rare/complex cancer cases was effective in guaranteeing French overseas population access to innovative therapies and clinical trials, limiting the need for intercontinental transfer to 16.7 %.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Doenças Raras/epidemiologia , Comunicação por Videoconferência/organização & administração , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/terapia , Nova Caledônia/epidemiologia , Polinésia/epidemiologia , Doenças Raras/terapia , Transporte de Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
20.
BMJ Open ; 11(11): e051100, 2021 11 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34799362

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Interhospital transports of critically ill patients are high-risk medical interventions. Well-established parameters to quantify the quality of transports are currently lacking. We aimed to develop and cross-validate a score for interhospital transports. SETTING: An expert panel developed a score for interhospital transport by a Mobile Intensive Care Unit (MICU), the QUality of Interhospital Transportation in the Euregion Meuse-Rhine (QUIT-EMR) score. The QUIT-EMR score is an overall sum score that includes component scores of monitoring and intervention variables of the neurological (proxy for airway patency), respiratory and circulatory organ systems, ranging from -12 to +12. A score of 0 or higher defines an adequate transport. The QUIT-EMR score was tested to help to quantify the quality of transport. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred adult patients were randomly included and the transport charts were independently reviewed and classified as adequate or inadequate by four transport experts (ie, anaesthetists/intensivists). OUTCOME MEASURES: Subsequently, the level of agreement between the QUIT-EMR score and expert classification was calculated using Gwet's AC1. RESULTS: From April 2012 to May 2014, a total of 100 MICU transports were studied. The median (IQR) QUIT-EMR score was 1 (0-2). Experts classified six transports as inadequate. The percentage agreement between the QUIT-EMR score and experts' classification for adequate/inadequate transport ranged from 84% to 92% (Gwet's AC10.81-0.91). The interobserver agreement between experts was 87% to 94% (Gwet's AC10.89-0.98). CONCLUSION: The QUIT-EMR score is a novel validated tool to score MICU transportation adequacy in future studies contributing to quality control and improvement. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NTR 4937.


Assuntos
Estado Terminal , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Adulto , Estado Terminal/terapia , Humanos , Transferência de Pacientes , Projetos de Pesquisa , Transportes , Transporte de Pacientes
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...