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1.
Phys Ther ; 100(4): 633-644, 2020 04 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32154876

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Motor impairments are pervasive in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD); however, children with ASD rarely receive a dual diagnosis of Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD). The Simons Foundation SPARK study engaged families affected by ASD through an online study. OBJECTIVES: The DCD parent questionnaire (DCDQ) was used to assess the prevalence of a risk for motor impairment or DCD in children with ASD between 5 and 15 years of age. DESIGN: This study utilizes parent reports from a large database of children with ASD. METHODS: A total of 16,705 parents of children with ASD completed the DCDQ. We obtained our final SPARK dataset (n = 11,814) after filtering out invalid data, using stronger cut-offs to confirm ASD traits, and excluding children with general neuromotor impairments/intellectual delays. We compared DCDQ total and subscale scores from the SPARK dataset with published norms for each age between 5 and 15 years. RESULTS: The proportion of children with ASD at risk for a motor impairment was very high at 86.9%. Children with ASD did not outgrow their motor impairments and continued to present with a risk for DCD even into adolescence. Yet, only 31.6% of children were receiving physical therapy services. LIMITATIONS: Our analysis of a large database of parent-reported outcomes using the DCDQ did not involve follow-up clinical assessments. CONCLUSIONS: Using a large sample of children with ASD, this study shows that a risk for motor impairment or DCD was present in most children with ASD and persists into adolescence; however, only a small proportion of children with ASD were receiving physical therapist interventions. A diagnosis of ASD must trigger motor screening, evaluations, and appropriate interventions by physical and occupational therapists to address the functional impairments of children with ASD while also positively impacting their social communication, cognition, and behavior. Using valid motor measures, future research must determine if motor impairment is a fundamental feature of ASD.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/complicações , Transtornos Motores/etiologia , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/etiologia , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/diagnóstico , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Transtornos da Comunicação/epidemiologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Transtornos Motores/diagnóstico , Transtornos Motores/epidemiologia , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/diagnóstico , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/epidemiologia , Pais , Medição de Risco
2.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 27(1): 78-84, jan.-mar. 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090417

RESUMO

RESUMO O objetivo deste estudo foi traduzir e adaptar a escala de utilidade clínica de Tyson e Connell para o português brasileiro, além de avaliar sua confiabilidade interexaminador e intraexaminador. O processo de tradução e adaptação transcultural foi desenvolvido em cinco estágios: tradução; síntese das traduções; retrotradução; avaliação pelo comitê de especialistas; e teste da versão pré-final. Para avaliação da confiabilidade intra e interexaminador da escala, 20 instrumentos de avaliação foram analisados de forma independente por dois examinadores (confiabilidade interexaminador). Além disso, um dos examinadores fez todas as avaliações, em dois momentos distintos, com um intervalo de 30 dias entre uma e outra (confiabilidade intraexaminador). A tradução e a adaptação transcultural foram realizadas de forma sistemática, seguindo os critérios propostos, de modo que houve apenas pequenas alterações em dois itens para tornar a escala mais útil a todos os instrumentos disponíveis na literatura. Em relação à confiabilidade interexaminador da escala de utilidade clínica de Tyson e Connell-Brasil, o valor encontrado foi CCI=0,85 (IC 95%, 0,79-0,87), enquanto para a confiabilidade intraexaminador o resultado foi CCI=0,89 (IC 95%, 0,85-0,93). Os resultados deste processo indicaram adequado grau de equivalência semântica, conceitual e cultural. Além disso, as medidas de confiabilidade intra e interexaminadores foram consideradas adequadas. Esses achados demonstraram que a escala é adequada para avaliar a utilidade clínica de instrumentos de avaliação comumente utilizados em pacientes. Dessa forma, deve ser incorporada na prática clínica e em pesquisas para a escolha do melhor instrumento.


RESUMEN O objetivo deste estudo foi traduzir e adaptar a escala de utilidade clínica de Tyson e Connell para o português brasileiro, além de avaliar sua confiabilidade interexaminador e intraexaminador. O processo de tradução e adaptação transcultural foi desenvolvido em cinco estágios: tradução; síntese das traduções; retrotradução; avaliação pelo comitê de especialistas; e teste da versão pré-final. Para avaliação da confiabilidade intra e interexaminador da escala, 20 instrumentos de avaliação foram analisados de forma independente por dois examinadores (confiabilidade interexaminador). Além disso, um dos examinadores fez todas as avaliações, em dois momentos distintos, com um intervalo de 30 dias entre uma e outra (confiabilidade intraexaminador). A tradução e a adaptação transcultural foram realizadas de forma sistemática, seguindo os critérios propostos, de modo que houve apenas pequenas alterações em dois itens para tornar a escala mais útil a todos os instrumentos disponíveis na literatura. Em relação à confiabilidade interexaminador da escala de utilidade clínica de Tyson e Connell-Brasil, o valor encontrado foi CCI=0,85 (IC 95%, 0,79-0,87), enquanto para a confiabilidade intraexaminador o resultado foi CCI=0,89 (IC 95%, 0,85-0,93). Os resultados deste processo indicaram adequado grau de equivalência semântica, conceitual e cultural. Além disso, as medidas de confiabilidade intra e interexaminadores foram consideradas adequadas. Esses achados demonstraram que a escala é adequada para avaliar a utilidade clínica de instrumentos de avaliação comumente utilizados em pacientes. Dessa forma, deve ser incorporada na prática clínica e em pesquisas para a escolha do melhor instrumento.


ABSTRACT This study aimed to translate and adapt the Clinical Utility Scale of Tyson and Connell into Brazilian Portuguese, in addition to evaluating intra- and inter-rater reliability. The process of cross-cultural translation and adaptation was developed in five stages: translation, synthesis of translations, retro translation, evaluation by the committee of experts and testing of the pre-final version. To evaluate the intra- and inter-rater reliability of the Clinical Utility Scale of Tyson and Connell, 20 assessment instruments were independently assessed by two examiners (inter-rater reliability). In addition, one of the examiners performed all assessments at two different times with a 30-day interval (intra-rater reliability). The translation and cross-cultural adaptation were performed in a systematic way, following the proposed criteria, and only minor changes in two items were necessary to make the scale more useful to all instruments currently available in the literature. Regarding the inter-rater reliability of the Clinical Utility Scale of Tyson and Connell, the value found was ICC=0.85 (IC 95%, 0,79-0,87), while for intra-rater reliability the result was ICC=0,89 (IC 95%, 0,85-0,93). The results of this process indicated an adequate degree of semantic, conceptual and cultural equivalence. In addition, intra- and inter-rater reliability measures were considered adequate. These findings have shown the scale is adequate to assess the clinical utility of evaluation instruments usually applied to patients. Therefore, it must be incorporated into clinical practice and research when choosing the best evaluation instrument to be used.


Assuntos
Tradução , Pesos e Medidas/instrumentação , Análise Custo-Benefício/métodos , Avaliação da Deficiência , Exame Físico/instrumentação , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Gerenciamento Clínico , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/diagnóstico , Limitação da Mobilidade
3.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 27(1): 41-47, jan.-mar. 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090407

RESUMO

RESUMO As cardiopatias congênitas (CC) estão entre as principais causas de morbimortalidade na primeira infância e os lactentes com essa condição podem apresentar atrasos no desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor (DNPM). O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a influência da CC no DNPM de lactentes. Trata-se de um estudo observacional com avaliação do desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor realizada pela Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (BSID-III). As condições maternas e clínicas dos lactentes foram verificadas no relatório de alta médica e na caderneta de saúde da criança, e a condição socioeconômica das famílias pelo Critério da Classificação Econômica Brasil. Para associar as variáveis clínicas e o DNPM foram utilizados o coeficiente de correlação de Spearman e o teste de razão de verossimilhança. Foram avaliados 18 lactentes, com predomínio do sexo feminino (72,2%). A maioria das mães (47,1%) possuía ensino médio completo ou superior incompleto, com média da idade de 27,2±5,5 anos. Houve correlação das escalas do BSID-III com as variáveis quantitativas analisadas: escala motora com o peso (p=0,02 e r=0,54) e com uso de oxigenoterapia (p=0,009 e r=−0,591); já para as variáveis qualitativas as associações foram entre: escala motora e condição socioeconômica (p=0,015), escala motora e comunicação interatrial - (CIA) (p=0,023) e escala da linguagem e CIA (p=0,038). A CC influenciou o DNPM, principalmente no aspecto motor. Além disso peso, diagnóstico de CIA, uso de oxigenoterapia e condição socioeconômica foram considerados como principais fatores de risco para o atraso no DNPM.


RESUMEN Las cardiopatías congénitas (CC) se encuentran entre las principales causas de morbimortalidad en la primera infancia, y los lactantes con esta afección pueden tener retrasos en el desarrollo neuropsicomotor (DNPM). El presente estudio tuvo el objetivo de evaluar la influencia de las CC en el DNPM de los lactantes. Este es un estudio observacional en el cual se evaluó el desarrollo neuropsicomotor utilizando la Bayley scales of infant and toddler development (BSID-III). Las condiciones maternas y clínicas de los lactantes se obtuvieron en el informe de alta médica y en la libreta de salud del niño, y el estado socioeconómico de las familias en el Criterio de Clasificación Económica de Brasil. Para asociar las variables clínicas y el DNPM, se utilizaron el coeficiente de correlación de Spearman y la prueba de razón de probabilidad. Se evaluaron a 18 lactantes, con un predominio del sexo femenino (72,2%). La mayoría de las madres (47,1%) tenían la secundaria completa o la educación superior incompleta, con una edad promedio de 27,2±5,5 años. Hubo una correlación entre las escalas BSID-III y las variables cuantitativas analizadas: escala motora con el peso (p=0,02 y r=0,54) y con el uso de oxigenoterapia (p=0,009 y r=−0,591); para las variables cualitativas, las asociaciones fueron entre: escala motora y estado socioeconómico (p=0,015), escala motora y comunicación interauricular (CIA) (p=0,023) y escala de lenguaje y CIA (p=0,038). Las CC influyeron en el DNPM, principalmente en el aspecto motor. Además, el peso, el diagnóstico de CIA, el uso de oxigenoterapia y el estado socioeconómico fueron considerados los principales factores de riesgo para el retraso en el DNPM.


ABSTRACT Congenital heart defects (CHD) are among the main causes of morbidity and mortality in infants who has this impairment may present delays in neuropsychomotor development (NPMD). This study assesses the influence of CHD on NPMD of infants. This is an observational study assessing neuropsychomotor development performed by Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development - BSID-III. The Brazilian Economic Classification Criteria was used to verify the socioeconomic status of the families and also the maternal and infants' clinical conditions were verified in the medical discharge report and in the child's health handbook. For the association between the quantitative and qualitative variables with the NPMD, the Spearman's correlation coefficient and the likelihood ratio test were used. A total of 18 infants were assessed, with a predominance of females (72.2%). Most mothers (47.1%) had complete high school or incomplete higher education, with a mean age of 27.2±5.5 years. There was a correlation between the BSID-III scales and the quantitative variables analyzed: motor scale with weight (p=0.02 and r=0.54) and oxygen therapy (p=0.009 and r=−0.591); besides that, the qualitative variables correlation were: motor scale and socioeconomic condition (p=0.015), motor scale and Interatrial Communication - IAC (p=0.023) and language with IAC scales (p=0.038). CHD influences the delay of NPMD, mainly for motor aspect. Furthermore, weight, diagnosis of IAC, use of oxygen therapy and socioeconomic status were considered the main risk factors for the delay in NPMD.


Assuntos
Humanos , Lactente , Transtornos Psicomotores/etiologia , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/etiologia , Transtornos do Neurodesenvolvimento/etiologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/complicações , Oxigenoterapia/efeitos adversos , Transtornos Psicomotores/diagnóstico , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Desenvolvimento Infantil/fisiologia , Estudos Transversais , Transtornos Cognitivos/diagnóstico , Transtornos Cognitivos/etiologia , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/diagnóstico , Transtornos do Neurodesenvolvimento/diagnóstico , Hospitalização , Transtornos da Linguagem/diagnóstico , Transtornos da Linguagem/etiologia , Tempo de Internação , Testes Neuropsicológicos
4.
Pediatrics ; 145(2)2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31924688

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Children born extremely preterm (EP) (<26 weeks' gestation) have lower cognitive scores and an increased rate of cognitive impairment compared with their term-born peers. However, the neuropsychological presentation of these EP individuals in adulthood has not been described. The aim of this study was to examine neuropsychological outcomes in early adulthood after EP birth in the 1995 EPICure cohort and to investigate if the rate of intellectual impairment changed longitudinally. METHODS: A total of 127 young adults born EP and 64 term-born controls had a neuropsychological assessment at 19 years of age examining general cognitive abilities (IQ), visuomotor abilities, prospective memory, and aspects of executive functions and language. RESULTS: Adults born EP scored significantly lower than term-born controls across all neuropsychological tests with effect sizes (Cohen's d) of 0.7 to 1.2. Sixty percent of adults born EP had impairment in at least 1 neuropsychological domain; deficits in general cognitive functioning and visuomotor abilities were most frequent. The proportion of EP participants with an intellectual impairment (IQ <70) increased by 6.7% between 11 and 19 years of age (P = .02). Visuospatial functioning in childhood predicted visuomotor functioning at 19 years. CONCLUSIONS: Adults born EP continue to perform lower than their term-born peers in general cognitive abilities as well as across a range of neuropsychological functions, indicating that these young adults do not show improvement overtime. The prevalence of intellectual impairment increased from 11 years into adulthood.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Lactente Extremamente Prematuro/psicologia , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Função Executiva , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Deficiência Intelectual/diagnóstico , Deficiência Intelectual/epidemiologia , Idioma , Masculino , Memória Episódica , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/epidemiologia , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Pacientes Desistentes do Tratamento , Prevalência , Fatores Sexuais , Percepção Visual/fisiologia , Escalas de Wechsler , Adulto Jovem
5.
Dev Med Child Neurol ; 62(1): 75-82, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529709

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate the accuracy of phenotypic early-onset ataxia (EOA) recognition among developmental conditions, including developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and hypotonia of central nervous system origin, and the effect of scientifically validated EOA features on changing phenotypic consensus. METHOD: We included 32 children (4-17y) diagnosed with EOA (n=11), DCD (n=10), and central hypotonia (n=11). Three paediatric neurologists independently assessed videotaped motor behaviour phenotypically and quantitatively (using the Scale for Assessment and Rating of Ataxia [SARA]). We determined: (1) phenotypic interobserver agreement and phenotypic homogeneity (percentage of phenotypes with full consensus by all three observers according to the underlying diagnosis); (2) SARA (sub)score profiles; and (3) the effect of three scientifically validated EOA features on phenotypic consensus. RESULTS: Phenotypic homogeneity occurred in 8 out of 11, 2 out of 10, and 1 out of 11 patients with EOA, DCD, and central hypotonia respectively. Homogeneous phenotypic discrimination of EOA from DCD and central hypotonia occurred in 16 out of 21 and 22 out of 22 patients respectively. Inhomogeneously discriminated EOA and DCD phenotypes (5 out of 21) revealed overlapping SARA scores with different SARA subscore profiles. After phenotypic reassessment with scientifically validated EOA features, phenotypic homogeneity changed from 16 to 18 patients. INTERPRETATION: In contrast to complete distinction between EOA and central hypotonia, the paediatric motor phenotype did not reliably distinguish between EOA and DCD. Reassessment with scientifically validated EOA features could contribute to a higher phenotypic consensus. Early-onset ataxia (EOA) and central hypotonia motor phenotypes were reliably distinguished. EOA and developmental coordination disorder (DCD) motor phenotypes were not reliably distinguished. The EOA and DCD phenotypes have different profiles of the Scale for Assessment and Rating of Ataxia.


Assuntos
Ataxia/fisiopatologia , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/fisiopatologia , Hipotonia Muscular/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Idade de Início , Ataxia/diagnóstico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/diagnóstico , Hipotonia Muscular/diagnóstico , Fenótipo
6.
Occup Ther Int ; 2019: 6891831, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31866801

RESUMO

Background: Early identification of invisible comorbid neurodevelopmental disorders, such as specific learning disorders, attention deficit hyperactive disorders, and developmental coordination disorders, is crucial to improving children's daily functional deficits related to executive functions. However, a practical questionnaire to address parents' concerns is lacking. Aims: To develop a reliable and valid assessment tool that can identify young children at risk for invisible underrecognized neurodevelopmental disorders. This article describes the development and standardization of the Child Evaluation Checklist (CHECK). Methods and Procedures: Participants were 186 children aged 3 to 6 years: 91 with suspected invisible neurodevelopmental disorders, and 95 controls with typical development. Parents completed a demographic questionnaire, the CHECK, and the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Preschool Version (BRIEF-P). Outcomes and Results: The CHECK's construct validity indicated high internal consistency for each part (Part A: α = .94; Part B: α = .90) and moderate-to-high consistency for each of Part A's four factors. Significant correlations, as well as significant group differences, were found between the CHECK factors and BRIEF-P scores. Conclusions and Implications: Use of the CHECK allows for timely identification of suspicious ("red flags") invisible neurodevelopmental disorders. It may support parents' sufficient awareness and knowledge to refer their children for comprehensive evaluation and intervention.


Assuntos
Lista de Checagem , Transtornos do Neurodesenvolvimento/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/diagnóstico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/diagnóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
7.
Rev Chil Pediatr ; 90(5): 522-532, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859736

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The development of motor skills influences the capacity of the child to interact with the environment. Thus, several instruments have been created for their assessment. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the internal consistency, reproducibility, and agreement level of age band 1 of the Movement Assessment Battery for Children - 2 in a preschool group. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Assessment study of diagnostic tests with 29 preschoolers, selected by convenience, enrollments in an educational ins titution in Bucaramanga city, Colombia. For the inter-evaluators reproducibility assessment, three evaluators watched each video independently. In the intra-evaluator reproducibility assessment, each evaluator watched the same video on two different occasions. The internal consistency, the intra- and inter-evaluator reproducibility, and the agreement level were determined using Cronbach's alpha co efficient, the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC), and the Bland and Altman limits of agreement method, respectively. RESULTS: Internal consistency of the total test for each of the three evaluators was higher than 0.60. Very good reliability was found for all items, domains, and total score of age band 1 of MABC-2 (ICC > 0.85), as well as good limits of agreement. CONCLUSIONS: age band 1 of MABC-2 Spanish version is an instrument with adequate reliability psychometric properties that can be used for the motor skills development evaluation in preschoolers.


Assuntos
Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/diagnóstico , Destreza Motora/fisiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Colômbia , Feminino , Humanos , Idioma , Masculino , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
9.
PLoS One ; 14(11): e0224722, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31747399

RESUMO

AIM: To assess the concurrent validity and discriminative ability of total, gross and fine motor (TM, GM and FM) scores of Dutch performance-based motor tests, the Baecke-Fassaert Motor Test (BFMT) and the 8- and 4-Skills Scan (SkSc) with the Movement Assessment Battery (MABC) for children at age 5. METHOD: 116 Dutch children (40.3% boys) were included. Spearman's rho correlations and area under the curves (AUC) were assessed. RESULTS: Correlations between the TM scores of the tests were strong (absolute values from 0.58 to .65); the correlations between the GM scores and the FM scores between and within tests were weaker (absolute values from 0.30 to 0.45). Related to the cut-off (15th percentile) of the MABC, the AUC of the BFMT, 8- and 4-SkSc, the AUC was 0.853 (95% CI: 0.757-0.949), 0.905 (95% CI: 0.837-0.972) and 0.844 (95% CI: 0.730-0.957), respectively. At optimal cut-offs, the sensitivity and specificity of the BFMT, the 8- and 4-SkSc were 78.6 and 78.4%, 92.2 and 73.2%, 78.6 and 76.3%, respectively. CONCLUSION: All tests had a reasonably high discriminative ability, but validation with the MABC-2 and adaptations are needed to meet the requirements for screening (i.e. sensitivity ≥80% and specificity ≥90%). The relatively weak correlation between GM and FM scores implies that tests should be normalized and validated for GM and FM ability, separately.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Infantil/fisiologia , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/diagnóstico , Destreza Motora/fisiologia , Movimento/fisiologia , Avaliação de Sintomas/métodos , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Países Baixos , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
10.
Res Dev Disabil ; 94: 103459, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476726

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous literature has shown inconsistency in the prevalence of developmental coordination disorder (DCD). The Movement Assessment Battery for Children, Second Edition (MABC-2) is often used for DCD prevalence studies, although the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) recommends four criteria. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of DCD in Korean children using the DSM-5 and MABC-2. METHODS: A total of 548 Korean elementary school students (mean age: 8.5 years ± 4.5 months) completed this study procedure. All four criteria defined by the DSM-5 were used to classify children with DCD. MABC-2 test scores were used to classify students into four subgroups: high-risk DCD, mild-risk DCD, probable DCD and typical development. RESULTS: Cohen's kappa revealed that the estimates of DCD prevalence were not significantly different between MABC-2 and DSM-5. When DSM-5 criteria were applied, 60 children out of 548 were classified as probable DCD (10.94%) compared to 70 children with probable DCD (12.77%) when MABC-2 was used. CONCLUSIONS: DCD prevalence based on DSM-5 is not significantly different from MABC-2, though it tends to estimate less than MABC-2. Future studies should consider our findings when selecting an assessment tool.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais , Avaliação da Deficiência , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras , Desempenho Psicomotor , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Destreza Motora , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/diagnóstico , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/epidemiologia , República da Coreia
11.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 37(3): 372-381, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041343

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the scientific literature regarding the effects of external variables on KTK motor test scores and to verify which motor tests are associated with KTK. Data sources: Four databases (PubMed, Science Direct, Scientific Electronic Library Online - SciELO - and Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature - LILACS) were used to search for studies in which the descriptors Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder and KTK were presented in the title, abstract and keywords. Inclusion criteria were: articles published in English or Portuguese from January 2006 to December 2016; free access to the article in full and texts available online; presenting the descriptor terms mentioned above in the title, abstract or keywords; containing sample with children and adolescents aged 4 to 16 years old; being indexed in a journal with a rating of B2 or higher (WebQualis; Qualis 2016) for the area of physical education. The following were excluded: studies in books, chapters of books, theses and dissertations; duplicate scientific articles; conference summaries; articles published in proceedings and abstracts of congresses. Data synthesis: After the three stages of selection (identification, screening and eligibility) and the criteria proposed at the PICOS scale, 29 studies were included in this review. Conclusions: Body composition and the regular practice of physical activities were the variables that presented the greatest influence on KTK. It is important that health professionals working with the pediatric public encourage regular physical activity to improve body composition and, thus, to obtain better KTK scores. Additionally, the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (M-ABC) test had the highest positive correlation with the KTK test.


RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar a literatura científica quanto aos efeitos de variáveis externas nos escores do teste motor KTK e verificar quais testes motores se associam ao KTK. Fonte de dados: Quatro bases de dados (PubMed, Science Direct, Scientific Electronic Library Online - SciELO - e Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde - LILACS) foram utilizadas para busca de estudos em que os descritores Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder e KTK foram apresentados no título, no resumo e nas palavras-chave. Os critérios de inclusão foram: artigos publicados em língua inglesa ou portuguesa de janeiro de 2006 a dezembro de 2016; acesso livre na íntegra e textos disponíveis on-line; apresentação dos termos descritores supracitados no título, no resumo ou nas palavras-chave; conter amostra com crianças e adolescentes de quatro a 16 anos; estar indexado em uma revista com classificação igual ou superior a B2 (WebQualis; Qualis 2016) para a área de educação física. Foram excluídos: estudos em livros, capítulos de livros, teses e dissertações; artigos científicos duplicados; resumos de conferências; artigos publicados em anais; e resumos de congressos. Síntese dos dados: Após três etapas de seleção (identificação, triagem e elegibilidade) e os critérios propostos na escala PICOS, 29 estudos foram incluídos nesta revisão. Conclusões: A composição corporal e a prática regular de atividades físicas foram as variáveis que apresentaram maior influência no KTK. Parece ser importante que os profissionais da saúde que atuam com o público pediátrico incentivem a prática regular de atividades físicas para melhorias da composição corporal e, assim, para a obtenção de melhores escores no KTK. Adicionalmente, o teste Movement Assessment Battery for Children (M-ABC) apresentou a maior correlação positiva com o teste KTK.


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Desenvolvimento Infantil/fisiologia , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/diagnóstico , Destreza Motora/fisiologia , Educação Física e Treinamento , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
12.
J Foot Ankle Res ; 12: 42, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31423153

RESUMO

Background: Developmental coordination disorder (DCD) is a common condition in children affecting motor coordination. This impacts on academic performance, and activities of daily living. Literature surrounding interventions for DCD has focused mostly on physical and occupational therapies. However, it is known that children with DCD present to podiatrists as these children often also have abnormalities in lower limb functioning associated with the condition. This study aimed to determine current knowledge of Australian podiatrists regarding presentation, assessment, and management of children with developmental coordination disorder. Methods: A single-round survey, developed using SurveyMonkey®, was completed by a sample of Australian podiatrists. Data were collected through either online or paper means. Participants were asked about their familiarity with DCD and depending on their response, were directed via skip logic to questions on presentation, assessment and management strategies of DCD in children. Participants were also asked about their willingness and preferences for further education on DCD. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the data. Results: There were 365 Australian podiatrists who completed the survey. There were 30% (n = 109) who reported being familiar with DCD as a diagnosis, while a further 37% (n = 134) reported familiarity with alternate or outdated terminology associated with the DCD diagnosis. Participants who were familiar with DCD or terminology relating to DCD, showed good knowledge of signs and symptoms associated with DCD. Both familiar and unfamiliar participants favoured referral to other health professionals over completing assessments. Common podiatric management strategies such as footwear advice, orthoses, and strength training were the most frequently chosen by both groups, despite current evidence only supporting strength training as an intervention. Participants were willing to receive education on DCD through a range of both online and in-person mediums. Conclusion: The majority of Australian podiatrists were unfamiliar with DCD, despite its prevalence and symptomology falling within the podiatric scope. However, participants did overwhelmingly show willingness to receive further education on DCD. Further research should consider understanding the role of podiatrists in the assessment and management of children with DCD and the impact of the type of treatment strategies that may be provided.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica/estatística & dados numéricos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/diagnóstico , Podiatria/estatística & dados numéricos , Austrália , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/terapia , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Res Dev Disabil ; 93: 103461, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437755

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence on anaerobic power and sprinting performance of children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is limited. AIMS: The primary aim of this study was to investigate if the Children's Repetitive and Intermittent Sprinting Performance (CRISP) test could induce fatigue among participants. Secondly, the study examined the construct validity of the test in children with probable DCD (p-DCD) and typically developing (TD) peers. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: The study was carried out in two phases. In phase 1, we compared performance of 25 children (7-12 years) on the CRISP test to their performance on the Muscle Power Sprint test (MPST). For phase 2, forty-six (n = 46) participants with p-DCD were matched with TD children (n = 46) on age, weight and sex. Anaerobic performance of participants was assessed using the CRISP test, 10 × 5 m sprints straight and slalom tests, side jumps, stepping on platform task and the ladder agility test. OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: Phase 1: The increase in running time on the CRISP test was greater than on the MPST, indicating that the CRISP test was more fatiguing than the MPST. Phase 2: Children with p-DCD had poorer anaerobic capacity (muscle power, muscle endurance) compared to their TD peers. However, fatigue was comparable between the two groups. The differences in performance between p-DCD and TD children were found to be greater for tests with more agility elements. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: The findings showed that CRISP test could induce fatigue in children. The CRISP test was also found to have positive construct (i.e. known-group) validity. The differences in muscle power and endurance between children with p-DCD and TD peers tend to widen when assessments are performed with tests having high agility components.


Assuntos
Limiar Anaeróbio , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Teste de Esforço , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras , Destreza Motora , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Criança , Teste de Esforço/efeitos adversos , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Tolerância ao Exercício , Fadiga/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/diagnóstico , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/fisiopatologia , Força Muscular , Desenvolvimento Musculoesquelético , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
14.
Indian Pediatr ; 56(7): 556-559, 2019 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31333208

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the histopathological characteristics and mutation spectrum of patients presenting with the Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) phenotype. METHODS: This was a descriptive study conducted over a period of 8 years. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) was done in patients presenting with the DMD phenotype. If MLPA was negative, patients were offered muscle biopsy for histopathological studies and/or next generation sequencing (NGS) based multigene panel testing for muscular dystrophies. RESULTS: Of the 510 patients included, mutation in the DMD gene was detected by MLPA in 372 (72.9%), of whom 342 (67.1%) had exonic deletions and 30 (5.9%) had exonic duplications. Exons 45-55 were most commonly involved in large deletions and exons 1-10 were the commonest exons involved in duplications. In the MLPA-negative cohort, 27 proceeded for muscle biopsy. NGS was done in 14 patients, 10 of whom had pathogenic mutations in the DMD gene, 3 were non dystrophinopathies and no pathogenic variant could be identified in one patient. CONCLUSIONS: For patients presenting with the DMD phenotype, MLPA of the DMD gene has a high diagnostic rate of about 73%, and non-dystrophinopathies may constitute a small but significant proportion.


Assuntos
Biópsia/métodos , Distrofina/genética , Testes Genéticos , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne , Adolescente , Idade de Início , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Testes Genéticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Anamnese/métodos , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/diagnóstico , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/epidemiologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex/métodos , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/diagnóstico , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/epidemiologia , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/genética , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/fisiopatologia , Mutação , Avaliação de Sintomas/métodos , Centros de Atenção Terciária/estatística & dados numéricos
15.
Percept Mot Skills ; 126(5): 779-796, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31200622

RESUMO

This study sought to select the most relevant test items from the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, Second Edition (BOTMP-2) and from a selection of health-related fitness tests for identifying school teenagers with poor motor coordination. The 241 participants in this study (144 boys, 97 girls aged 13-14 years old) were tested on the short form of the BOTMP-2 and on the following additional fitness tests: (a) seated medicine ball test, (b) broad jump, (c) handgrip strength, (d) alternate hand ball wall toss, (e) 10 × 5-meter agility shuttle run, and (f) Chester step test. We performed a factor analysis of participant scores on these various tasks and BOTMP-2 test items to reduce them to the least number of meaningful and useful items. Four factors explained 45% of the data variance: gross motor skills and power (including broad jump, hand ball toss, shuttle run, and sit-ups tests); fine motor skills (including copying star, following the maze and paper folding); core strength and balance (including push-ups, hopping, and balance beam); and general body strength (including medicine ball throw and handgrip). We conclude that an efficient school-based battery of test items to screen 13-14 year old adolescents for fitness and coordination should assess these four factors and might especially rely upon the broad jump, copying a star shape, hopping handgrip strength, aerobic fitness, and wall ball toss.


Assuntos
Força da Mão , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/diagnóstico , Destreza Motora , Aptidão Física , Adolescente , Teste de Esforço , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento , Força Muscular , Serviços de Saúde Escolar , Instituições Acadêmicas
16.
Rev Paul Pediatr ; 37(3): 372-381, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31241688

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the scientific literature regarding the effects of external variables on KTK motor test scores and to verify which motor tests are associated with KTK. DATA SOURCES: Four databases (PubMed, Science Direct, Scientific Electronic Library Online - SciELO - and Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature - LILACS) were used to search for studies in which the descriptors Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder and KTK were presented in the title, abstract and keywords. Inclusion criteria were: articles published in English or Portuguese from January 2006 to December 2016; free access to the article in full and texts available online; presenting the descriptor terms mentioned above in the title, abstract or keywords; containing sample with children and adolescents aged 4 to 16 years old; being indexed in a journal with a rating of B2 or higher (WebQualis; Qualis 2016) for the area of physical education. The following were excluded: studies in books, chapters of books, theses and dissertations; duplicate scientific articles; conference summaries; articles published in proceedings and abstracts of congresses. DATA SYNTHESIS: After the three stages of selection (identification, screening and eligibility) and the criteria proposed at the PICOS scale, 29 studies were included in this review. CONCLUSIONS: Body composition and the regular practice of physical activities were the variables that presented the greatest influence on KTK. It is important that health professionals working with the pediatric public encourage regular physical activity to improve body composition and, thus, to obtain better KTK scores. Additionally, the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (M-ABC) test had the highest positive correlation with the KTK test.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Infantil/fisiologia , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/diagnóstico , Destreza Motora/fisiologia , Criança , Humanos , Educação Física e Treinamento , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
17.
Arch Argent Pediatr ; 117(3): 199-204, 2019 06 01.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31063311

RESUMO

The developmental coordination disorder is a common neurodevelopmental condition about which health professionals know very little. Consequently, children often go undiagnosed and are rarely treated. An updated synthesis of the topic is presented to provide recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment from the perspective of the clinician and from a public health approach. Theories explaining motor difficulties present in this disorder are briefly included. Clinical features and reasons rendering the diagnosis difficult are described as follows. Some of the existing recommendations are underscored and tools that could be used for the evaluation are described. Finally, treatment approaches for these children are determined considering that the disorder affects not only the child's motor performance, but also his or her academic, social and emotional performance and even his or her physical health.


Assuntos
Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/diagnóstico , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/diagnóstico , Criança , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/fisiopatologia , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/terapia , Humanos , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/fisiopatologia , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/terapia , Saúde Pública
18.
PLoS One ; 14(5): e0217280, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31120966

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Developmental Coordination Disorder Questionnaire'07 (DCDQ'07) is a parent-report measure to identify children at risk for Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD). We developed a French version of the DCDQ'07 (DCDQ-FE) that has shown excellent inter-language reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) = 0.91) and is culturally relevant for use in European countries. The aims of this study were to examine the internal consistency, test-retest reliability, construct validity of the Developmental Coordination Disorder Questionnaire-French European (DCDQ-FE), as well as establish a cut-off score. METHODS: The psychometric properties of the DCDQ-FE were examined with a clinical group of 30 children (mean age: 9.4 years, SD = 2.6) and a control group of 43 children (mean age: 9.1 years, SD = 2.4). Their parents (n = 73) filled out the DCDQ-FE at a first sitting and 70 of them filled it out 38 days later in average for test-retest reliability. The children were assessed using the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) so as to measure the convergent validity of the DCDQ-FE. The cut-off score was determined with an additional sample of 42 children according to scores on the MABC-2 (≥ 16th percentile) (n = 115). RESULTS AND IMPLICATIONS: Internal consistency of the DCDQ-FE was excellent (Cronbach's alpha = 0.96) and test-retest reliability was good (ICC = 0.956) with no differences between scores obtained at the two sittings (p > 0.05). Differences in scores between children in the clinical and control groups (Z = -6.58, p < 0.001) provide evidence of construct validity. The correlation obtained between DCDQ-FE and MABC-2 scores (Spearman's rho correlation coefficient = 0.802, p < 0.001) supports convergent validity. Using a cut-off of 56, overall sensitivity and specificity were 85.0% and 81.6% respectively (area under the curve = 0.896). The DCDQ-FE is a reliable and valid questionnaire for detecting children who are at risk for DCD in a European-French population of children aged 5 to 15 years old.


Assuntos
Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/diagnóstico , Psicometria/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , França , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/epidemiologia , Pais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Suíça/epidemiologia
19.
IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng ; 27(5): 963-973, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30998471

RESUMO

Developmental coordination disorder (DCD) is a type of motor learning difficulty that affects five to six percent of school-aged children, which may have a negative impact on the life of the sufferers. Timely and objective diagnosis of DCD are important for the success of the intervention. The present evaluation methods of DCD rely heavily on the observational analysis of occupational therapists and physiotherapists, who score the performance when children conduct some designed tasks. However, these methods are expensive, subjective, and are not easy to expand to a larger population. A fine motor evaluation system (FMES) is proposed with two views of cameras to record children's performance, when they carry out three fine motor tasks. Automated algorithms are developed to perform automated scoring of fine motor skill. The automated algorithms include task localization and individual task evaluation. The purpose of task localization is to detect each task and extract segments belonging to each task from the original video that includes multiple segments of different tasks. A convolutional neural network with temporal filtering is used to do frame-wise classification, and a boundary localization algorithm is proposed to localize each task segment. For individual task evaluation, the extracted video segments of task 1 and task 2 are evaluated based on the proposed feature extraction and time positioning algorithm, and the paper drawings of task 3 are evaluated based on image processing. The proposed methods are validated on a diverse population of children with or without DCD by comparing automated scoring with manual scoring from a professional evaluator. The experimental results suggest that the proposed methods can effectively achieve fine motor evaluation for DCD assessment. Besides, our system is a low-cost solution, and the evaluation methods developed are automated, objective, and can be suited for large population evaluation and analysis.


Assuntos
Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/diagnóstico , Destreza Motora , Desempenho Psicomotor/fisiologia , Algoritmos , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/fisiopatologia , Redes Neurais de Computação , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Gravação em Vídeo
20.
Encephale ; 45(4): 312-319, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30922517

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Psychomotor impairments in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) have frequently been described in scientific literature. Such deficits impact upon the development of social motor function and interfere with the ability to adjust to everyday life. The inclusion of sensory-motor signs in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) confirms their importance in the diagnosis of ASD. Previous literature has shown the presence precocity of these signs, sometimes before the alteration of the social communication. To our knowledge, there are no existing clinical tools to measure sensory-psychomotor deficit, specifically in ASD. The current paper presents the construction and validation of a new scale, designed to evaluate sensory-psychomotor signs in Autism: 'the Sensory-psychomotor Particularities Scale in Autism' (SPSA). METHOD: The scale is composed of 160 items describing common sensory-psychomotor signs in autism. These items are grouped into 20 variables: touch, nociception, vestibular sensitivity, proprioceptive sensitivity, vision, auditory, multimodality, tone, posture, balance, global coordination, manual dexterity, body schema, bodily self-consciousness, relational adjustment, emotional expression, use of objects, space, time and tonico-emotional regulation. For each item, the psychomotor therapist evaluated sensori-psychomotor signs according to a five-level Likert scale (0="the sign is never expressed by the person", 1="weakly expressed", 2="moderately expressed", 3="severely expressed" and 4="the sign is very characteristic of the person and very severely expressed"). This is completed by a family interview in order to assess the impact of these signs on everyday situations. The study included 111 children with autism. The presence of neurological and genetic diseases was exclusion criteria. For each child, a global developmental evaluation was carried out by an expert clinical team specializing in ASD. Standardized clinical tools were used: Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS), Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), Behavior Summarized Evaluation scale (BSE-R), Repeated and Restricted Behavior scale (RRB), Movement Assessment Battery for Children (M-ABC), Motor Development Rating scale (MDR), Sensory Profile (SP). Developmental quotients (DQ) were evaluated using various tests depending on age and ability. RESULTS: Factor analysis produced three clinically relevant factors: F1: "sensory-emotional synchronization", F2: "multisensory integration" and F3: "motor skills": each containing a similar quantity of items. They account for roughly equal percentages of variance (18.9%, 18.0%, 16.8%, respectively). The factorial structure does not change if the 26 children with comorbid developmental coordination disorder are removed. The three factors show good internal consistency and excellent inter-rater reliability. F1 is comprised of 6 items: touch, nociception, proprioceptive sensitivity, vision, emotional expression and tonico-emotional regulation. This factor is significantly associated with items of the Sensory Profile (touch processing, poor registration, sensory seeking). F2 is comprised of 5 items: multimodality, bodily self-consciousness, relational adjustment, use of objects and space. This factor is associated with ADOS, BSE-R and RRB scores, and the item "touch processing" of the Sensory Profile. F3 is comprised of 4 items: tone, posture, global coordination, manual dexterity. This factor is associated with the M-ABC, the MDR and the item "low endurance" of the Sensory Profile. CONCLUSION: The SPSA is a relevant clinical tool to assess the severity of sensory-psychomotor clinical signs in order to describe the individual profiles of children with ASD. It represents a critical step in advancing knowledge of the complex and heterogeneous pattern of psychomotor development in autism. It could make a valuable contribution to the field, both in research and clinical practice.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/diagnóstico , Transtorno Autístico/diagnóstico , Psicometria/métodos , Transtornos Psicomotores/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/complicações , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/fisiopatologia , Transtorno Autístico/complicações , Transtorno Autístico/fisiopatologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/complicações , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/diagnóstico , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/fisiopatologia , Transtornos Psicomotores/complicações , Transtornos Psicomotores/fisiopatologia , Desempenho Psicomotor/fisiologia
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