Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 7.066
Filtrar
1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0160, 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394841

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction: With the preparation and development of the Winter Olympic Games, there has been an increase in the popularity of skiing. Driven by this demand, the professional development of coaches requires updates in the analysis of skiers' sports injuries, elaboration of corresponding prevention and treatment strategies, and resistance training to promote the development of athletes' physical quality, such as bone mass and mineral density. Objective: Study the sports injuries of skiers and explore needs and ways of applying resistance training in skiing. Methods: The questionnaire survey was used to explore the main types of injuries and their influencing factors. Then, 20 volunteers were selected for the resistance training experiment; each group of 10 people included five men and five women. The control group maintained a normal daily life, while resistance training was added to the experimental group three times a week, based on the control group. Results: The research results showed that the current proportion of skiing injuries was relatively high, mainly in mild injuries. After nine weeks in the experimental resistance training group, both men and women had positive bone mass development. Conclusion: Resistance training can improve physical quality and reduce the occurrence of sports injuries, demonstrating the benefits of its implementation in endurance training for skiers. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: Com a preparação e desenvolvimento dos Jogos Olímpicos de Inverno, houve um aumento da popularidade do esqui. Impulsionados por essa demanda, o desenvolvimento profissional dos treinadores requer atualizações nas análises de lesões esportivas dos esquiadores, elaboração de estratégias de prevenção e tratamento correspondentes, além de treinamentos de resistência de modo a promover o desenvolvimento da qualidade física dos atletas, como a massa óssea e sua densidade mineral. Objetivo: Estudar as lesões esportivas dos esquiadores e explorar necessidades e modos de aplicação do treino de resistência no esqui. Métodos: O método de pesquisa por questionário foi utilizado para explorar os principais tipos de lesões e seus fatores influenciadores. Em seguida, 20 voluntários foram selecionados para o experimento de treinamento de resistência, cada grupo de 10 pessoas incluiu 5 homens e 5 mulheres. O grupo controle manteve uma vida diária normal, enquanto ao grupo experimental foi adicionado um treinamento de resistência, três vezes por semana, com base no grupo controle. Resultados: Os resultados da pesquisa mostraram que a proporção atual de lesões por esqui foi relativamente alta, principalmente em lesões leves. Após 9 semanas no grupo experimental de treinamento de resistência, tanto homens quanto mulheres tiveram desenvolvimento positivo de massa óssea. Conclusão: O treinamento de resistência pode não só melhorar a qualidade física, mas também reduzir a ocorrência de lesões esportivas, demonstrando os benefícios de sua implementação no treinamento de resistência dos esquiadores. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: Con la preparación y el desarrollo de los Juegos Olímpicos de Invierno, ha aumentado la popularidad del esquí. Impulsado por esta demanda, el desarrollo profesional de los entrenadores requiere actualizaciones en el análisis de las lesiones deportivas de los esquiadores, la elaboración de las correspondientes estrategias de prevención y tratamiento, así como el entrenamiento de la resistencia para promover el desarrollo de la calidad física de los atletas, como la masa ósea y la densidad mineral. Objetivo: Estudiar las lesiones deportivas de los esquiadores y explorar las necesidades y formas de aplicar el entrenamiento de resistencia en el esquí. Métodos: Se utilizó el método de encuesta por cuestionario para explorar los principales tipos de lesiones y sus factores de influencia. A continuación, se seleccionaron 20 voluntarios para el experimento de entrenamiento de resistencia, cada grupo de 10 personas incluía 5 hombres y 5 mujeres. El grupo de control mantuvo una vida diaria normal, mientras que al grupo experimental se le añadió un entrenamiento de resistencia, tres veces por semana, basado en el grupo de control. Resultados: Los resultados de la investigación mostraron que la proporción actual de lesiones de esquí era relativamente alta, principalmente en las lesiones leves. Después de 9 semanas en el grupo experimental de entrenamiento de resistencia, tanto los hombres como las mujeres tuvieron un desarrollo positivo de la masa ósea. Conclusión: El entrenamiento de resistencia no sólo puede mejorar la calidad física, sino también reducir la aparición de lesiones deportivas, lo que demuestra los beneficios de su aplicación en el entrenamiento de resistencia de los esquiadores. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Traumatismos em Atletas/prevenção & controle , Esqui , Densidade Óssea/fisiologia , Treinamento de Força , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Força Muscular
2.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0161, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394835

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction: With the 2022 Winter Olympic Games launch, ice and snow sports have come into the spotlight, receiving government incentives to encourage their practice. Objective: Examine the causes of knee injury in skiers, proposing preventive measures for joint injury. Methods: The current situation of joint injury in skiers' knees, joint movement in skiing, the cause of joint injury, and the prevention of joint injury were analyzed, and scientific prevention and corresponding treatment plan were developed according to the results of the analysis. Results: The injury rate among skiers is high. Ligament injury, tendon injury, and muscle strain are the three main types of injury. There are 57 mild injuries of various types to the knee joint - 53.27% of all injuries; 41 moderate injuries, representing 38.32% of all injuries; 9 serious injuries, representing 8.41% of all injuries, with minor injuries. Conclusion: This article examines knee motion and the causes of knee injury in skiers and proposes preventive measures for joint injury. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: Com o lançamento dos Jogos Olímpicos de Inverno de 2022, os esportes de gelo e neve entraram em evidência, recebendo incentivos governamentais para encorajamento de sua prática. Objetivo: Examinar as causas da lesão no joelho em esquiadores, propondo medidas preventivas para a lesão articular. Métodos: Foram analisadas a situação atual de lesão articular nos joelhos dos esquiadores, o movimento articular no esqui, a causa das lesões articulares e a prevenção de lesões articulares, além de um plano de prevenção científica e tratamento correspondente, de acordo com os resultados da análise. Resultados: A taxa de lesões em esquiadores é alta. Lesão ligamentar, lesão tendinosa e tensão muscular são os três principais tipos de lesão. Há 57 lesões leves de vários tipos na articulação do joelho - 53,27% de todas as lesões; 41 lesões moderadas, representando 38,32% de todas as lesões; 9 lesões graves, representando 8,41% de todos os ferimentos, com ferimentos menores. Conclusão: Este artigo examina o movimento do joelho e as causas da lesão no joelho em esquiadores, e propõe medidas preventivas para lesão articular. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: Con la puesta en marcha de los Juegos Olímpicos de Invierno de 2022, los deportes de hielo y nieve han pasado a ser el centro de atención, recibiendo incentivos gubernamentales para fomentar su práctica. Objetivo: Examinar las causas de las lesiones de rodilla en los esquiadores, proponiendo medidas preventivas de las lesiones articulares. Métodos: Se analizó la situación actual de las lesiones articulares en las rodillas de los esquiadores, el movimiento articular en el esquí, la causa de las lesiones articulares y la prevención de las mismas, y se elaboró un plan científico de prevención y tratamiento correspondiente según los resultados del análisis. Resultados: El índice de lesiones en los esquiadores es alto. Las lesiones de ligamentos, las lesiones de tendones y las distensiones musculares son los tres tipos principales de lesiones. Hay 57 lesiones leves de diversos tipos en la articulación de la rodilla, el 53,27% de todas las lesiones; 41 lesiones moderadas, que representan el 38,32% de todas las lesiones; 9 lesiones graves, que representan el 8,41% de todas las lesiones, con lesiones leves. Conclusión: Este artículo examina el movimiento de la rodilla y las causas de las lesiones de rodilla en los esquiadores, y propone medidas preventivas para las lesiones articulares. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Traumatismos em Atletas/prevenção & controle , Esqui/lesões , Traumatismos do Joelho/etiologia , Traumatismos do Joelho/prevenção & controle , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Traumatismos do Joelho/epidemiologia
3.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(6): 763-766, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376773

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction Basketball is a popular sport globally, and as the development of college basketball develops, basketball injuries also tend to increase. The knee has the highest injuries and problems incidence, reducing the athlete's ability and shortening their professional career. Objective Explore the causes and characteristics of knee joint injuries in basketball players, comparing their different levels, performances, and positions. Methods 600 college basketball players were studied. Current and past injuries were collected. A questionnaire on lifestyle, behavior, and habits was also applied, and their levels of physical ability and knowledge were also evaluated. Statistical methods were employed to investigate the characteristics and causes of knee joint injuries in young athletes. Results Among knee joint injuries of adolescent basketball players, there were more medial collateral ligament injuries and meniscal injuries. The probabilities are 34.1% and 24.3%, respectively. Patellar strain and cruciate ligament injury accounted for 12.1% and 19.5%, respectively, and the probability of fracture injury was 2.4%. Conclusion The knee joint is one of the most vulnerable joints in basketball. The consequences of its injury can bring an athletic career down and have a considerable impact on athletes' physical and mental health. Evidence Level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the results.


RESUMO Introdução O basquete é um esporte popular em todo o mundo e com o desenvolvimento do basquetebol universitário, as lesões causadas pelo basquetebol também tendem a aumentar. O joelho possui o maior índice de lesões e problemas nessa articulação também reduzem a capacidade do atleta, encurtando a sua carreira profissional. Objetivo Explorar as causas e características das lesões na articulação do joelho em jogadores de basquetebol comparando seus diferentes níveis, desempenhos e posições. Métodos 600 universitários jogadores de basquete foram estudados. Foram arquivadas as lesões atuais e pregressas. Um questionário sobre estilo de vida, comportamento e hábitos também foi aplicado; seus níveis de habilidade física e conhecimento foram avaliados. Métodos estatísticos investigaram as características e causas das lesões na articulação do joelho nos jovens atletas. Resultados Entre as lesões articulares de joelho nos jogadores adolescentes de basquete, houve mais lesões ligamentares colaterais mediais e lesões meniscais. As probabilidades são de 34,1% e 24,3%, respectivamente. A tensão patelar e a lesão do ligamento cruzado representaram 12,1% e 19,5%, respectivamente, e a probabilidade de lesão por fratura foi de 2,4%. Conclusão A articulação do joelho é uma das partes mais vulneráveis do basquetebol. As consequências de sua lesão podem acarretar o fim da carreira esportiva, tendo um impacto considerável sobre a saúde física e mental dos atletas. Nível de evidência II; Estudos Terapêuticos - Investigação de Resultados.


RESUMEN Introducción El baloncesto es un deporte popular en todo el mundo y con el desarrollo del baloncesto universitario, las lesiones causadas por el baloncesto también tienden a aumentar. La rodilla tiene el mayor índice de lesiones y los problemas en esta articulación también reducen la capacidad del deportista, acortando su carrera profesional. Objetivo Explorar las causas y características de las lesiones de la articulación de la rodilla en jugadores de baloncesto comparando sus diferentes niveles, rendimientos y posiciones. Métodos Se estudiaron 600 jugadores de baloncesto universitario. Se presentaron las lesiones actuales y pasadas. También se aplicó un cuestionario sobre el estilo de vida, el comportamiento y los hábitos; y también se evaluaron sus niveles de capacidad física y conocimientos. Se emplearon métodos estadísticos para investigar las características y las causas de las lesiones de la articulación de la rodilla en atletas jóvenes. Resultados Entre las lesiones de la articulación de la rodilla de los jugadores de baloncesto adolescentes, hubo más lesiones del ligamento colateral medial y de menisco. Las probabilidades son del 34,1% y del 24,3%, respectivamente. La distensión rotuliana y la lesión del ligamento cruzado representaron el 12,1% y el 19,5%, respectivamente, y la probabilidad de lesión por fractura fue del 2,4%. Conclusión La articulación de la rodilla es una de las partes más vulnerables del baloncesto. Las consecuencias de su lesión pueden llevar al fin de una carrera deportiva, teniendo un impacto considerable en la salud física y mental de los atletas. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.


Assuntos
Humanos , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Basquetebol , Traumatismos do Joelho/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estilo de Vida
4.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(6): 817-819, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376763

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction Independent athletes and sports enthusiasts are subject to injuries due to several factors, such as neglect of physical preparation, lack of knowledge of the evolutionary progression of load intensity, and deficient stretching. Running is a popular sport in China, and the knowledge of the injuries caused by this group of fans may guide awareness behaviors to prevent accidents in sports practice. Objective Evaluate the injuries and rehabilitation of runners. Methods A total of 265 ordinary chinese runners (166 men) were selected as research subjects. Information on running sports injury characteristics, subjective perception of the causes of runners' injuries, prevention and rehabilitation methods in runners' injuries were evaluated. Results The knee joint has the highest proportion of injuries (26.73%), followed by foot injuries (13.11%) and ankle injuries (10.65%). Pain after exercise was reported by 38.12% of the runners, while 21.89% felt pain during the race. Conclusion Warm-up exercises are recommended before sports practice. Protective equipment can reduce the probability of injuries. Such equipment is considered a method of treatment and prevention with greater satisfaction and better adherence among runners. Evidence Level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the result.


RESUMO Introdução Atletas independentes e entusiastas esportivos estão sujeitos a lesões por vários fatores como negligência do preparo físico, desconhecimento na progressão evolutiva de intensidade de carga e alongamentos deficitários. A corrida é um esporte popular na China e o conhecimento das lesões ocasionadas nesse grupo de adeptos poderá guiar condutas de conscientização para a prevenção de acidentes na prática esportiva. Objetivo Avaliar as lesões e a reabilitação nos praticantes de corrida. Métodos Um total de 265 corredores comuns chineses (166 homens) foram selecionados como objetos de pesquisa. Foram avaliadas as informações sobre as características das lesões esportivas de corrida, a percepção subjetiva das causas das lesões dos corredores, métodos de prevenção e reabilitação nas lesões dos corredores. Resultados A articulação do joelho apresenta a maior proporção nas lesões (26,73%), seguida por lesões nos pés (13,11%) e tornozelos (10,65%). Dores após o exercício foram relatadas por 38,12% dos corredores enquanto 21,89% dos corredores sentem dor durante a corrida. Conclusão Recomenda-se a realização de exercícios de aquecimento antes da prática esportiva. Os equipamentos de proteção podem reduzir a probabilidade das lesões. A utilização desses equipamentos é considerada um método de tratamento e prevenção com maior satisfação e melhor adesão entre os corredores. Nível de evidência II; Estudos Terapêuticos - Investigação de Resultados.


RESUMEN Introducción Los atletas independientes y los entusiastas del deporte están sujetos a lesiones por varios factores como la negligencia en la preparación física, la falta de conocimiento en la progresión de la intensidad de la carga y los estiramientos deficientes. La corrida es un deporte muy popular en China y el conocimiento de las lesiones causadas en este grupo de aficionados puede orientar las conductas de concienciación para la prevención de accidentes en la práctica deportiva. Objetivo Evaluar las lesiones y la rehabilitación en los practicantes de corrida. Métodos Un total de 265 corredores chinos ordinarios (166 hombres) fueron seleccionados como sujetos de la investigación. Se evaluó la información sobre las características de las lesiones deportivas de los corredores, la percepción subjetiva de las causas de las lesiones de los corredores y los métodos de prevención y rehabilitación en las lesiones de los corredores. Resultados La articulación de la rodilla es la que presenta la mayor proporción de lesiones (26,73%), seguida por las del pie (13,11%) y las del tobillo (10,65%). El 38,12% de los corredores declararon dolor después del ejercicio, mientras que el 21,89% de los corredores sintieron dolor durante la carrera. Conclusión Se recomienda realizar ejercicios de calentamiento antes de la práctica deportiva. El equipo de protección puede reducir la probabilidad de lesiones. El uso de estos equipos se considera un método de tratamiento y prevención con mayor satisfacción y mejor adherencia entre los corredores. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Traumatismos em Atletas/reabilitação , Corrida/lesões , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Corrida/estatística & dados numéricos , China/epidemiologia
5.
Sci Med Footb ; 6(4): 405-414, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36412177

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the association of injuries with male football player continuity, progression and chances of reaching the First team in an elite academy. METHODS: Injuries and exposure time were prospectively recorded, following the FIFA guidelines, over 6 seasons (2011-2017) in Under (U)12, U14, U16, U19, 2nd/3rd team and First team players from the same professional football club. RESULTS: U19 and 2nd/3rd team players progressing to the next level had a lower injury burden and higher match availability compared to players that did not progress. Injury burden was lower in players progressing from U12 to U14. All players progressing from the 2nd/3rd teams to the First team had a match availability higher than 84% and did not suffer an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture or an injury requiring over 200 (+200) days to return to play. In U19 and 2nd/3rd team players, injuries requiring +100 and +200 days to return to play, ACL ruptures and groin pain, but not hamstring and ankle ligament injuries, were associated with lower odds of continuing in the academy each season. CONCLUSION: Injuries were negatively associated with player progression, and injury prevention and return-to-play strategies should be a priority for football academies.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Tornozelo , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Traumatismos em Atletas , Futebol Americano , Músculos Isquiossurais , Futebol , Masculino , Humanos , Futebol/lesões , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/epidemiologia , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Músculos Isquiossurais/lesões
6.
Sci Med Footb ; 6(4): 415-420, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36412183

RESUMO

Para football is currently played in impairment-specific formats by thousands of people worldwide. To date, there have been no prospective longitudinal injury surveillance studies. This study aimed to implement a prospective injury surveillance study within elite English Para football and analyse the injury risk within the England Blind and Cerebral Palsy (CP) squads. Match and training injury data based on a 'time loss' definition were collected and analysed for each squad including incidence per 1,000 player hours, severity, injury location and associated event of injury. Injury incidence were lower in training than matches (CP 67.6/1000 player match hours (CI 33.8-135.2) and 5.7/1000 training hours (CI 3.8-8.7) and Blind 44.0/1000 player match hours (CI 26.1-74.3) and 5.5/1000 training hours (CI 3.5-8.6). Training injuries were more severe than match injuries across both squads (CP median 12 days lost in matches and 16 training and Blind median days 5 matches and 12 training). 73% Blind and 74% CP footballer injuries were to the lower limb and 17% head and neck equally across both Para football squads. 'Muscle and tendon injuries' (51%) represented the greatest proportion of injuries for CP footballers, and 'joint (non-bone)/ligament injuries' (43%) for Blind footballers. Collaboration and implementation of higher quality surveillance methodology and data collection in Para sport with greater athlete numbers are needed to inform injury prevention strategies.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Futebol Americano , Sistema Musculoesquelético , Futebol , Humanos , Futebol Americano/lesões , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Futebol/lesões , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema Musculoesquelético/lesões
7.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 25(11): 1816-1822, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36412288

RESUMO

Background: The majority of amateur soccer players are vulnerable to soccer-related injuries and many such injuries are avoidable with an adequate education. Aim: The present study aimed to measure the impact of an intervention educational plan on improving amateur soccer players' knowledge and skills in preventing and handling soccer-related injuries. Subjects and Methods: The study design is a group-clustered randomized intervention-control trial, and it was carried out in Taif city, Saudi Arabia. The "Neighborhood League of Football" players were randomly allocated to a soccer injury prevention education group (intervention group) and a control group. A predesigned and validated questionnaire was used to study the changes in knowledge and skills about soccer injuries before the intervention (response a) and after (response b). Results: The study included 246 participants in the intervention group and 256 in the control group (n = 502). The median age was 22 years. The comparison of both groups' participants' performance showed significant differences in response b analyses and participants in the intervention group achieved significantly higher scores than the control group in total score levels (P < .0001), injury mechanisms (P < .0001), injury treatment and prevention (P < .0001), and health status (P < .034). The intervention group's scores on response b (after the educational sessions) were significantly higher than response a (before the educational sessions, P < 0.001). Conclusions: In multiple scales and overall score levels, intervention group participants achieved significantly higher scores than their control group counterparts. Educational assistance appears to have had a good impact on their knowledge and skills.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Futebol , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Futebol/lesões , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Traumatismos em Atletas/prevenção & controle , Atletas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia
8.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 2061, 2022 11 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36357870

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data are lacking regarding the risk of viral SARS-CoV-2 transmission during a large indoor sporting event involving fans utilizing a controlled environment. We sought to describe case characteristics, mitigation protocols used, variants detected, and secondary infections detected during the 2021 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Men's Basketball Tournament involving collegiate athletes from across the U.S. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used data collected from March 16 to April 3, 2021, as part of a closed environment which required daily reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) testing, social distancing, universal masking, and limited contact between tiers of participants. Nearly 3000 players, staff, and vendors participated in indoor, unmasked activities that involved direct exposure between cases and noninfected individuals. The main outcome of interest was transmission of SARS-CoV-2 virus, as measured by the number of new infections and variant(s) detected among positive cases. Secondary infections were identified through contact tracing by public health officials. RESULTS: Out of 2660 participants, 15 individuals (0.56%) screened positive for SARS-CoV-2. Four cases involved players or officials, and all cases were detected before any individual played in or officiated a game. Secondary transmissions all occurred outside the controlled environment. Among those disqualified from the tournament (4 cases; 26.7%), all individuals tested positive for the Iota variant (B.1.526). All other cases involved the Alpha variant (B.1.1.7). Nearly all teams (N = 58; 85.3%) reported that some individuals had received at least one dose of a vaccine. Overall, 17.9% of participants either had at least one dose of the vaccine or possessed documented infection within 90 days of the tournament. CONCLUSION: In this retrospective cohort study of the 2021 NCAA Men's Basketball Tournament closed environment, only a few cases were detected, and they were discovered in advance of potential exposure. These findings support the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines for large indoor sporting events during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Basquetebol , COVID-19 , Coinfecção , Masculino , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Estudantes , Incidência
9.
Orthopadie (Heidelb) ; 51(11): 929-938, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36227360

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Germany, winter sports are very popular. About 7 million people go skiing at least 6 days per season. The German national winter teams won about 50% of the Olympic medals for the last several Olympic games. The downside of winter sports is the everlasting high number of injuries. This affects both professionals and the large number of amateur skiers. TREND: The ASU institute of German insurances and skiing association find a decreasing number of injuries overall and a decreasing number of inpatient stays in hospitals. Still, the knee is the most injured region of the body. There is an increasing number of ACL ruptures within the knee lesions. The numbers in professional teams have been monitored with the FIS surveillance system since 2006. The highest rates of knee injuries (41.3%) are found with the ski world cup teams all over the world. The most common injury mechanism is the slip-catch mechanism. In current sports science examinations of the German skiing association there are extremely high forces of more than three times the body weight found on the body during skiing. Slalom skiing is especially affected. To understand the popular carving ski technology, you must know about the waist and the edge angle of the ski. There can be enormous forces coming along with the skis that can hardly be controlled by the skier.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Traumatismos do Joelho , Esqui , Humanos , Estações do Ano , Esqui/lesões , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Alemanha/epidemiologia
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(42): e31268, 2022 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36281199

RESUMO

The tendency for musculoskeletal complaints, injuries, and traumas remains significant among Para athletes. The aim of the study was to identify and verify the variables that impact the incidence and location of musculoskeletal pain in elite athletes with disabilities. It was assumed, that the type of disability and not the type of sport, or the type of injuries and traumas is the crucial determinant of the prevalence and location of musculoskeletal pain in Para athletes. A direct-participatory observation method was used in the study including both subjective (surveys questionnaires) and objective (anthropometric) methods of assessment. The study included 35 male and female elite Para athletes from the Polish national team (sitting volleyball [SG1: n = 21], para swimming [SG2 = 14]). Both groups of Para athletes mostly reported pain in the neck (37%), and the lower back (34%). The Spearman's rank-order correlation showed several large inversely proportional relationships between somatic parameters and the values in the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire from the last 7 days (NMQ-7) for SG2 and some moderate to large correlations between body adiposity index (BAI) and the prevalence of injuries, the total number of rehabilitation sessions, the number of humeral joint and fingers rehabilitation sessions, breaks from training over 4 weeks in SG1. In both groups relationships were found between the duration of Paralympic training and the number of injuries and rehabilitation sessions (R = -0.4; P < .02) and between the exclusion from training for less 4 and over 4 weeks (R = -0.4; P < .03). The age of the Para athletes correlated with the NMQ-7 (wrists) (R = 0.4; P < .01). Both duration of disability and the type and severity of the disability may be crucial determinants of the prevalence and location of pain in the musculoskeletal system in Para athletes. Sport-specific training seems to induce specific musculoskeletal complaints.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Dor Musculoesquelética , Paratletas , Esportes , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Prevalência , Dor Musculoesquelética/epidemiologia , Atletas , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia
11.
J Child Neurol ; 37(12-14): 970-978, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36214170

RESUMO

We examined the association between the severity of acute concussion symptoms and time to return to school and to sports in adolescent student athletes. We hypothesized that there would be an association between the severity of acute symptoms experienced in the first 72 hours and functional recovery such that adolescents with the lowest burden of acute symptoms would have the fastest return to school and sports and those with the highest burden of symptoms would have the slowest return to school and sports. This injury surveillance cohort included 375 adolescent student athletes aged 14-19 years who sustained a sport-related concussion between 2014 and 2020. Athletic trainers documented time to return to school and to sports. A greater proportion of adolescents with the highest acute symptoms remained out of school at 3 (odds ratio [OR] = 2.5, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.5-4.4), 5 (OR = 2.4, 95% CI 1.4-4.0), 7 (OR = 2.6, 95% CI 1.5-4.3), and 10 days (OR = 2.3, 95% CI 1.3-3.9) compared to those with the lowest acute symptoms. Similarly, a greater proportion of athletes with the highest acute symptoms remained out of sports at 7 (OR = 3.5, 95% CI 1.5-8.1), 10 (OR = 3.1, 95% CI 1.8-5.6), 14 (OR = 1.8, 95% CI 1.1-3.0), and 21 days (OR = 1.9, 95% CI 1.0-3.6) compared to those with the lowest acute symptoms. This study underscores the adverse effect of high acute symptom burden following concussion on return to school and to sports among adolescent student athletes. Conversely, student athletes with a low burden of acute symptoms have a faster return to school and to sports.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Concussão Encefálica , Esportes , Adolescente , Humanos , Traumatismos em Atletas/complicações , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Traumatismos em Atletas/diagnóstico , Concussão Encefálica/complicações , Concussão Encefálica/diagnóstico , Atletas , Instituições Acadêmicas
12.
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry ; 93(12): 1262-1268, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36195436

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autopsy studies of former contact sports athletes, including soccer and rugby players, frequently report chronic traumatic encephalopathy, a neurodegenerative pathology associated with traumatic brain injury. Nevertheless, little is known about the risk of neurodegenerative disease in these populations. We hypothesised that neurodegenerative disease risk would be higher among former elite rugby union players than the general population. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study accessing national electronic records on death certification, hospital admissions and dispensed prescriptions for a cohort of 412 male Scottish former international rugby union players and 1236 members of the general population, matched to former players by age, sex and area socioeconomic status. Mortality and incident neurodegenerative disease diagnoses among former rugby players were then compared with the matched comparison group. RESULTS: Over a median 32 years follow-up from study entry at age 30 years, 121 (29.4%) former rugby players and 381 (30.8%) of the matched comparison group died. All-cause mortality was lower among former rugby players until 70 years of age with no difference thereafter. During follow-up, 47 (11.4%) former rugby players and 67 (5.4%) of the comparison group were diagnosed with incident neurodegenerative disease (HR 2.67, 95% CI 1.67 to 4.27, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study adds to our understanding of the association between contact sports participation and the risk of neurodegenerative disease. While further research exploring this interaction is required, in the meantime strategies to reduce exposure to head impacts and head injuries in sport should be promoted.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Concussão Encefálica , Futebol Americano , Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Futebol Americano/lesões , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rugby , Concussão Encefálica/diagnóstico
13.
PLoS One ; 17(10): e0275545, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36264894

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The effects of the FIFA11+ programme (the 11+) on ankle and groin injuries and performance have remained questionable. The latter, particularly, has potentially reduced the implementation rate and applicability of the programme. This study aimed to evaluate the mid-to-long-term effects of the 11+ and a modified programme including football-specific exercises on injury prevention and performance improvement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three teams of the Iranian Youth League (division two) volunteered to participate in this study and were randomly assigned to two intervention groups (F11+; n = 29, M11+; n = 31) and a control group (n = 30). The F11+ followed the FIFA 11+ programme, whereas the M11+ performed modified exercises three times weekly as a warm-up protocol before training and competition through a football season. The control group carried out its routine warm-ups, including joggings, basic football drills, and static stretches, while having no injury prevention approaches. Lower extremity injuries, as well as exposure time for each player, were recorded. The football-specific performance was assessed using the Illinois Agility and Slalom Dribbling tests. ANOVA, Fisher Freeman Halton, and chi-square tests were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: Injury incidences differed significantly between groups (p = 0.02, C = 0.40), with M11+ reporting the lowest incidence. Significant differences between the pre- and posttest as well as differences between the groups for development over time were revealed for the Illinois agility and dribbling speed (p≤0.01). Both performance tests demonstrated a large time effect, as the effect sizes for time in agility and dribbling speed were 0.74 (CI = [0.66; 0.79]) and 0.86 (CI = [0.79; 0.87]), respectively. The effect size for the interaction can be categorized as medium, with 0.38 (CI = [0.25; 0.49]) for agility and 0.52 (CI = [0.40; 0.61]) for dribbling speed. M11+ showed the largest improvement in both. DISCUSSION: Mid-to-long-term application of a structured dynamic warm-up that integrates injury prevention and performance approaches may lower injury incidences and improve youth subelite players' performance. Although additional studies with larger samples are needed to prove the results of the current study, the amateur clubs/teams could integrate such twofold dynamic warm up into their routine training plan and benefit its advantages on injury prevention and performance improvement.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Futebol Americano , Futebol , Exercício de Aquecimento , Adolescente , Humanos , Masculino , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Traumatismos em Atletas/prevenção & controle , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Futebol/lesões
14.
Clin J Sport Med ; 32(6): e627-e634, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36315828

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Identifying which types of athletes have increased injury risk (ie, predictive risk factors) should help develop cost-effective selective injury prevention strategies. Our objective was to compare a theoretical injury risk classification system developed by coaches and rehabilitation therapists, with observed injury rates in human circus acts across dimensions of physical stressors, acrobatic complexity, qualifications, and residual risks. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study. SETTING: professional circus company. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Human circus artists performing in routine roles between 2007 and 2017. ASSESSMENT OF RISK FACTORS: Characteristics of circus acts categorized according to 4 different dimensions. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Medical attention injury rates (injury requiring a visit to the therapist), time-loss injury rates (TL-1; injury resulting in at least one missed performance), and time-loss 15 injury rates (TL-15; injury resulting in at least 15 missed performances). RESULTS: Among 962 artists with 1 373 572 performances, 89.4% (860/962) incurred at least one medical attention injury, 74.2% (714/962) incurred at least one TL-1 injury, and 50.8% (489/962) incurred at least one TL-15 injury. There were important inconsistencies between theoretical and observed injury risk patterns in each of the 4 dimensions for all injury definitions (medical attention, TL-1, and TL-15). CONCLUSIONS: Although theoretical classifications are the only option when no data are available, observed risk patterns based on injury surveillance programs can help identify artists who have a high (or low) theoretical risk but are nonetheless actually at low (or high) risk of injury, given their current roles. This will help develop more cost-effective selective injury prevention programs.


Assuntos
Arte , Traumatismos em Atletas , Humanos , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Atletas , Fatores de Risco
15.
J Physiother ; 68(4): 255-261, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36244964

RESUMO

QUESTION: Do injury prevention programs that include plyometric exercises reduce the incidence of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in sport? DESIGN: Systematic review of (cluster) randomised trials with meta-analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Sporting participants of any age, sex or competition level. INTERVENTIONS: The experimental intervention was an injury prevention program that included plyometric exercises. The control intervention was the usual warm-up program, which did not include plyometric exercises. OUTCOME MEASURES: Exposure-based ACL injury rates. RESULTS: The initial search yielded 7,302 articles, of which nine met the inclusion criteria. All nine articles reported cluster randomised trials, providing data on 14,394 participants. The pooled results showed that injury prevention programs that include plyometric exercises reduce the risk of ACL injury by 60% per 1,000 hours of exposure compared with the control group, with an injury risk ratio (IRR) of 0.40 (95% CI 0.26 to 0.63). Data from subgroups of these trials estimated that this preventative effect may be stronger in males (IRR 0.21, 95% CI 0.07 to 0.62) and weaker in females (IRR 0.51, 95% CI 0.30 to 0.87), albeit with less precise estimates. Subgroup analysis also suggested a stronger effect on non-contact ACL injuries (IRR 0.34, 95% CI 0.18 to 0.65), whereas the effect on contact ACL injuries remained uncertain (IRR 0.59, 95% CI 0.15 to 2.30). CONCLUSIONS: Injury prevention programs that incorporate plyometric exercises substantially decrease the risk of ACL injuries more than warm-up programs that do not include plyometric exercises. The preventive effect appears to be stronger among males and in the prevention of ACL injuries that do not involve contact with another player. PROSPERO CRD42020196982.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Traumatismos em Atletas , Traumatismos do Joelho , Exercício Pliométrico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/prevenção & controle , Traumatismos em Atletas/prevenção & controle , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Incidência , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
16.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 845-861, set-dez. 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399480

RESUMO

O objetivo do estudo é avaliar o perfil sociodemográfico, a prevalência e os fatores de risco a lesões em corredores amadores do Rio Grande do Sul. O método de coleta utilizado foi um questionário disponibilizado online. Como critérios de inclusão da pesquisa, foi estabelecido que os sujeitos devessem ser moradores do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, estar praticando corrida de rua nos últimos 12 meses, ser maior de 18 anos e ter aceitado participar do estudo após leitura dos termos. O estudo foi aprovado pelo comitê de ética da instituição. No total participaram da pesquisa 288 corredores, sendo que 53,5% eram homens, com idade média de 38,6±10,4 anos. Dos 288, 80,5% possuíam curso superior, 66% buscavam qualidade de vida, 54,9% relataram treinar de três a quatro vezes na semana, 28,8% percorreram um volume de treino semanal de 10 a 20 km, sendo 52,1% orientados por um profissional de Educação Física. Quanto a prevalência de lesões a amostra do estudo trouxe um número bastante expressivo, onde 46,5% dos corredores tiveram algum tipo lesão. Dessas lesões, a sua maioria afetou membros inferiores, dentre as mais prevalentes 28,1% foram musculares (panturrilha 30,9% e tibial anterior/canela 23,5%) e 35,8% articulares (joelhos 53,4% e tornozelos/pés 36,9%). Os fatores de risco significativamente associados a ocorrência de lesões (p<0,05) foram ser do sexo masculino, ter uma estatura maior, não possuir doença crônica, maior tempo de prática de corrida, maior quantidade de dias de treino, um maior volume semanal, maior velocidade média, seguir planilha pronta da internet e sentir dor ou desconforto pós treino. Concluiu- se que, por meio da identificação do perfil destes corredores e um controle desses dados, pode ser possível um melhor direcionamento de ações de planejamento para prevenir a ocorrência dessas lesões na modalidade.


The objective of the study is to evaluate the sociodemographic profile, prevalence and risk factors for injuries in amateur runners in Rio Grande do Sul. The collection method used was a questionnaire available online. As research inclusion criteria, it was established that the subjects should be residents of the State of Rio Grande do Sul, be practicing street running in the last 12 months, be over 18 years old and have accepted to participate in the study after reading the terms. The study was approved by the institution's ethics committee. In total, 288 runners participated in the research, 53.5% of which were men, with a mean age of 38.6±10.4 years. Of the 288, 80.5% had a college degree, 66% were looking for quality of life, 54.9% reported training three to four times a week, 28.8% covered a weekly training volume of 10 to 20 km, with 52 .1% guided by a Physical Education professional. As for the prevalence of injuries, the study sample brought a very expressive number, where 46.5% of the runners had some type of injury. Of these injuries, most affected lower limbs, among the most prevalent, 28.1% were muscular (calf 30.9% and tibialis anterior/shin 23.5%) and 35.8% were articular (knees 53.4% and ankles/feet 36.9%). The risk factors significantly associated with the occurrence of injuries (p<0.05) were being male, having a higher stature, not having chronic disease, longer running practice, more training days, a greater volume of week, higher average speed, following a ready-made worksheet from the internet and feeling pain or discomfort after training. It was concluded that, through the identification of the profile of these runners and a control of this data, it may be possible to better target planning actions to prevent the occurrence of these injuries in the modality.


El objetivo del estudio es evaluar el perfil sociodemográfico, la prevalencia y los factores de riesgo de lesiones en corredores aficionados de Rio Grande do Sul. El método de recogida utilizado fue un cuestionario disponible en línea. Como criterios de inclusión de la investigación, se estableció que los sujetos debían ser residentes del Estado de Rio Grande do Sul, estar practicando carreras de calle en los últimos 12 meses, tener más de 18 años y haber aceptado participar en el estudio después de leer los términos. El estudio fue aprobado por el comité de ética de la institución. En total, 288 corredores participaron en la investigación, siendo el 53,5% hombres, con una edad media de 38,6±10,4 años. De los 288, el 80,5% tenía titulación universitaria, el 66% buscaba calidad de vida, el 54,9% decía entrenar de tres a cuatro veces por semana, el 28,8% realizaba un volumen de entrenamiento semanal de 10 a 20 km, siendo el 52,1% guiado por un profesional de la Educación Física. En cuanto a la prevalencia de las lesiones, la muestra del estudio arrojó una cifra muy expresiva, ya que el 46,5% de los corredores tuvo algún tipo de lesión. De estas lesiones, la mayoría afectó a los miembros inferiores, entre las más prevalentes el 28,1% fueron musculares (pantorrilla 30,9% y tibia anterior/espinilla 23,5%) y el 35,8% articulares (rodillas 53,4% y tobillos/pies 36,9%). Los factores de riesgo asociados significativamente a la aparición de lesiones (p<0,05) fueron ser varón, ser más alto, no tener una enfermedad crónica, llevar más tiempo corriendo, más días de entrenamiento, mayor volumen semanal, mayor velocidad media, seguir una hoja de entrenamiento preparada en Internet y sentir dolor o molestias después del entrenamiento. Se concluye que, por medio de la identificación del perfil de estos corredores y un control de estos datos, puede ser posible una mejor dirección de las acciones de planificación para prevenir la aparición de estas lesiones en la modalidad.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Corrida/lesões , Ferimentos e Lesões , Perfil de Saúde , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Educação Física e Treinamento , Qualidade de Vida , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Extremidade Inferior/lesões , Tutoria , Fatores Sociodemográficos
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36231882

RESUMO

Professional football players are exposed to high injury risk due to the physical demands of this sport. The purpose of this study was to characterize the injuries of a professional football team in the First Portuguese League over three consecutive sports seasons. Seventy-one male professional football players in the First Portuguese Football League were followed throughout the sports seasons of 2019/2020, 2020/2021, and 2021/2022. In total, 84 injuries were recorded. Each player missed an average of 16.6 days per injury. Lower limbs were massively affected by injuries across all three seasons, mainly with muscular injuries in the quadriceps and hamstrings and sprains in the tibiotarsal structure. Overall, the injury incidence was considerably higher in matches than in training. The two times of the season that proved most conducive to injuries were the months of July and January. Our results emphasize the importance of monitoring sports performance, including injury occurrence, and assisting in identifying risk factors in professional football. Designing individualized training programs and optimizing prevention and recovery protocols are crucial for maximizing this global process.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Futebol Americano , Futebol , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Futebol Americano/lesões , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Portugal/epidemiologia , Estações do Ano , Futebol/lesões
18.
Sports Health ; 14(6): 797-804, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36203320

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Description of possible detrimental effects of sport specialization specific to adolescent female athletes is limited in current literature with no consensus on sport specialization classification. HYPOTHESIS: Specialized female athletes will have higher rates of injury, body image issues, and menstrual dysfunction, regardless of the specialization classification utilized. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: Retrospective data was obtained from questionnaires from female athletes in local high schools (n = 229; 13-18 years of age). The 3-point specialization scale was used to analyze differences in injury rates, body image issues, and menstrual dysfunction within low, moderate, and highly specialized athletes. When comparing accuracy of specialization scales in identifying high risk athletes, three peer-reviewed specialization classification scales were utilized-a 3-point scale, a 6-point scale, and a binary self-selection scale. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated for studied variables (a priori p ≤ 0.05). RESULTS: Of 229 athletes surveyed, 219 (95.6%) completed the 3-point specialization classification questions and were included in the study. 91 athletes (41.6%) were categorized as low specialization (LS), 59 (26.9%) were moderately specialized (ModS), and 69 (31.5%) were highly specialized (HS). ModS athletes were more likely to have a history of stress fractures (SFx) compared to LS athletes (p = 0.02; OR 3.62; 95% CI 1.27-10.26). Compared to LS athletes, HS athletes were more likely to have injury history (p = 0.01; OR 2.93; 95% CI 1.38-6.24) and a history of concussion (p < 0.01; OR 5.00; 95% CI 1.86-13.42). CONCLUSION: Among female high school athletes, higher levels of specialization are associated with greater risk of injuries overall, and greater risk of concussions and SFx. This study did not demonstrate significant associations between specialization and body image issues or menstrual dysfunction. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This study further strengthens the association between injury and sport specialization and suggests that combining specialization scales better improves risk stratification which overall aids in preventing athlete injury.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos , Fatores de Risco , Atletas , Especialização
19.
Clin Sports Med ; 41(4): 687-705, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36210166

RESUMO

According to epidemiology studies, the majority of youth sports injuries presenting to primary care, athletic trainers, and emergency departments impact the musculoskeletal system. Both acute and overuse knee injuries can contribute to sports attrition before high school. Effective rehabilitation of knee injuries ensures a timely return to sports participation and minimizes the negative physical, psychological, and social consequences of becoming injured. The following article provides rehabilitation and returns to play strategies for postsurgical and nonsurgical injuries of the young athlete's knee.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Transtornos Traumáticos Cumulativos , Traumatismos do Joelho , Sistema Musculoesquelético , Esportes , Adolescente , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Criança , Humanos , Traumatismos do Joelho/cirurgia , Sistema Musculoesquelético/lesões
20.
Clin Sports Med ; 41(4): 769-787, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36210170

RESUMO

The participation of females in sports has increased significantly since the passage of Title IX. Sports participation may place young athletes at risk for knee injuries, including patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS), osteochondritis dissecans (OCD), and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture. Differences in anatomy, hormone production, and neuromuscular patterns between female and male athletes can contribute to disparities in knee injury rates with female athletes more vulnerable to PFPS and ACL injury. Biological differences between sexes alone cannot fully explain worldwide differences in musculoskeletal health outcomes. Social, cultural and societal attitudes toward gender and the participation of girls and women in sports may result in a lack of accessible training for both injury prevention and performance optimization; one must recognize the effects of gender disparities on injury risk. More nuanced approaches to assess the complex interplay among biological, physiologic, and social influences are needed to inform best practices for intervention and sports injury prevention.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Traumatismos em Atletas , Traumatismos do Joelho , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/epidemiologia , Atletas , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Traumatismos em Atletas/prevenção & controle , Criança , Feminino , Hormônios , Humanos , Traumatismos do Joelho/epidemiologia , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...