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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33533807

RESUMO

Syphilis, an infectious disease considered a global public health concern, can cause stillbirths and neonatal deaths. This highlights the importance of continuous surveillance studies among women of reproductive age. A cross-sectional study was carried out to analyze the prevalence and risk factors associated with Treponema pallidum infection in women assisted by primary health care units in Dourados, a city located in Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, which borders Paraguay. A questionnaire was applied to a population-based sample, blood samples were collected for syphilis testing and multivariable analyses were performed to screen associations with T. pallidum infection. The prevalence of T. pallidum infection was 6.04%. Bivariate analysis showed that women referring multiple sexual partners (c2: 6.97 [p=0.014]), income less 2 minimal wages (c2: 15.93 [p=0.003]), who did not have high school (c2: 12.64 [p=0.005]), and reporting history of STIs (c2: 7.30 [p=0.018]) are more likely to have syphilis. In the multivariate analysis, a highest prevalence ratio was observed in women with income less than 2 minimal wages (PR: 0.96 [95% CI: 0.85 - 0.97]), and who did not have high school (PR: 0.94 [95% CI: 0.90 - 0.98]). In addition, 80% of the women reported irregular use of condoms and 63.89% declared having sexual intercourses with multiple partners, which creates more opportunities for the transmission of the infection. These results highlight the need for healthcare systems to implement initiatives to monitor syphilis screening and the commitment of patients and their sexual partners to the treatment in order to achieve a decrease of new cases.


Assuntos
Sífilis/epidemiologia , Treponema pallidum/isolamento & purificação , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Cidades , Preservativos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Saúde Pública , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Sífilis/diagnóstico , Sexo sem Proteção
2.
Public Health ; 190: 62-66, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33360028

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the epidemiological characteristics of syphilis between 2013 and 2018 in the Haidian District of Beijing in China. In addition, this study suggests potential strategies to control the spread of syphilis infection. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. METHODS: Data were collected from the Infectious Disease Reporting System at medical institutions within the Haidian District of Beijing between 2013 and 2018. Epidemiological methods, combined with Chi-squared test, were used to analyse the distribution of syphilis in terms of time, region, population and development stage. RESULTS: In total, 3048 patients with syphilis were reported in the Haidian District between 2013 and 2018, with an average annual prevalence of 14.26 per 100,000 population. The prevalence of syphilis was higher in rural than urban regions, and the sex ratio of male-to-female was 1.52:1. Patients aged 20-29 years accounted for 22.60% (689/3048) of the total cases. In terms of occupational distributions, the highest proportion (30.61%; 933/3048) was seen in individuals who were homemakers or unemployed. Latent syphilis was present in 66.83% (2037/3048) of patients and accounted for an increased proportion of syphilis cases each year. CONCLUSIONS: Syphilis was epidemic in the Haidian District of Beijing between 2013 and 2018. High prevalence was seen in young and middle-aged males living in urban areas. The prevalence of syphilis has been increasing since 2016; thus, public health policies and intervention strategies need to be strengthened to curb the spread of infection.


Assuntos
População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Sífilis/diagnóstico , Sífilis/epidemiologia , Treponema pallidum/isolamento & purificação , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vigilância da População , Prevalência , Distribuição por Sexo , Sorodiagnóstico da Sífilis , Adulto Jovem
3.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(12)2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33370929

RESUMO

Syphilitic proctitis is a rare presentation of sexually transmitted infection that poses a diagnostic challenge as it mimics rectal cancer clinically, radiologically and endoscopically. We report a case of a 66-year-old male patient with a background of HIV infection presenting with obstructive bowel symptoms and initial diagnosis of rectal cancer on CT. Sigmoidoscopy and histopathology were non-diagnostic. A diagnosis of secondary syphilis was suspected after obtaining sexual history and diagnostic serology, avoiding planned surgical intervention.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Obstrução Intestinal , Penicilinas/administração & dosagem , Proctite/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Retais/diagnóstico , Reto , Treponema pallidum , Idoso , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/terapia , Humanos , Obstrução Intestinal/diagnóstico , Obstrução Intestinal/etiologia , Masculino , Proctite/etiologia , Proctite/fisiopatologia , Proctite/terapia , Reto/diagnóstico por imagem , Reto/microbiologia , Reto/patologia , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/diagnóstico , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/terapia , Sigmoidoscopia/métodos , Sífilis/complicações , Sífilis/diagnóstico , Sífilis/terapia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Treponema pallidum/imunologia , Treponema pallidum/isolamento & purificação
4.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 23: e200103, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053094

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze how syphilis detection rates evolved from 2011 to 2017 according to sex, age and place of residence in the state of São Paulo. METHODS: A historical series was organized with data from the Notification Disease Information System. The acquired syphilis detection rates (ASDR) per 100,000 inhabitants and the acquired syphilis detection rates including pregnant women with syphilis (PASDR) per 100,000 inhabitants were described. For a trend analysis of the rates in the studied period, the Poisson Jointpoint (inflection point) model was performed, and the annual percentage change (APC) per segment and the average annual percentage change (AAPC) were estimated, with respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). RESULTS: A total of 205,424 cases of acquired syphilis and syphilis in pregnant women in the period were reported. The ASDR per 100,000 inhabitants ranged from 26.0 to 84.6 between 2011 and 2017 and the PASDR per 100,000 inhabitants ranged from 33.7 to 108.9; the trend was increasing in both, and an inflection point was identified dividing the ASDR and PASDR curve into two periods: 2011 to 2013 and 2013 to 2017: the AAPC found for ASDR was 21.0% (95%CI 15.5 ‒ 26.4) and the PASDR was 21.2% (95%CI 16.4 ‒ 26.1), in the age groups up to 24 years old, there was a significant growth in both sexes. A heterogeneity in the evolution of rates by region of the state was observed between 2011 and 2017. CONCLUSIONS: The increasing trend in acquired syphilis detection rates can be attributed to better adherence to notification and disproportionate involvement of young people.


Assuntos
Notificação de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos , Sorodiagnóstico da Sífilis/estatística & dados numéricos , Sífilis/epidemiologia , Treponema pallidum/isolamento & purificação , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem
5.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 392, 2020 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32493291

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The first yaws eradication campaign reduced the prevalence of yaws by 95%. In recent years, however, yaws has reemerged and is currently subject to a second, ongoing eradication campaign. Yet, the epidemiological status of Tanzania and 75 other countries with a known history of human yaws is currently unknown. Contrary to the situation in humans in Tanzania, recent infection of nonhuman primates (NHPs) with the yaws bacterium Treponema pallidum subsp. pertenue (TPE) have been reported. In this study, we consider a One Health approach to investigate yaws and describe skin ulcers and corresponding T. pallidum serology results among children living in the Tarangire-Manyara ecosystem, an area with increasing wildlife-human interaction in northern Tanzania. METHODS: To investigate human yaws in Tanzania, we conducted a cross-sectional study to screen and interview skin-ulcerated children aged 6 to 15 years, who live in close proximity to two national parks with high numbers of naturally TPE-infected monkeys. Serum samples from children with skin ulcers were tested for antibodies against the bacterium using a treponemal (Treponema pallidum Particle Agglutination assay) and a non-treponemal (Rapid Plasma Reagin) test. RESULTS: A total of 186 children aged between 6 and 15 years (boys: 10.7 ± 2.1 (mean ± SD), N = 132; girls: 10.9 ± 2.0 (mean ± SD), N = 54) were enrolled. Seven children were sampled at health care facilities and 179 at primary schools. 38 children (20.4%) reported active participation in bushmeat hunting and consumption and 26 (13.9%) reported at least one physical contact with a NHP. None of the lesions seen were pathognomonic for yaws. Two children tested positive for treponemal antibodies (1.2%) in the treponemal test, but remained negative in the non-treponemal test. CONCLUSIONS: We found no serological evidence of yaws among children in the Tarangire-Manyara ecosystem. Nevertheless, the close genetic relationship of human and NHPs infecting TPE strains should lead to contact prevention with infected NHPs. Further research investigations are warranted to study the causes and possible prevention measures of spontaneous chronic ulcers among children in rural Tanzania and to certify that the country is free from human yaws.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antibacterianos/sangue , Úlcera Cutânea/patologia , Treponema pallidum/imunologia , Bouba/patologia , Adolescente , Animais , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Ecossistema , Feminino , Haplorrinos , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Doenças dos Primatas/microbiologia , Doenças dos Primatas/patologia , Úlcera Cutânea/sangue , Úlcera Cutânea/microbiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tanzânia/epidemiologia , Treponema pallidum/isolamento & purificação , Bouba/epidemiologia , Bouba/microbiologia
6.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 405, 2020 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32522244

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Syphilis is a sexually and vertically transmitted infection caused by the bacteria Treponema pallidum for which there are few proven alternatives to penicillin for treatment. For pregnant women infected with syphilis, penicillin is the only WHO-recommended treatment that will treat the mother and cross the placenta to treat the unborn infant and prevent congenital syphilis. Recent shortages, national level stockouts as well as other barriers to penicillin use call for the urgent identification of alternative therapies to treat pregnant women infected with syphilis. METHODS: This prospective, randomized, non-comparative trial will enroll non-pregnant women aged 18 years and older with active syphilis, defined as a positive rapid treponemal and a positive non-treponemal RPR test with titer ≥1:16. Women will be a, domized in a 2:1 ratio to receive the oral third generation cephalosporin cefixime at a dose of 400 mg two times per day for 10 days (n = 140) or benzathine penicillin G 2.4 million units intramuscularly based on the stage of syphilis infection (n = 70). RPR titers will be collected at enrolment, and at three, six, and nine months following treatment. Participants experiencing a 4-fold (2 titer) decline by 6 months will be considered as having an adequate or curative treatment response. DISCUSSION: Demonstration of efficacy of cefixime in the treatment of active syphilis in this Phase 2 trial among non-pregnant women will inform a proposed randomized controlled trial to evaluate cefixime as an alternative treatment for pregnant women with active syphilis to evaluate prevention of congenital syphilis. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Trial identifier: www.Clinicaltrials.gov, NCT03752112. Registration Date: November 22, 2018.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Cefixima/uso terapêutico , Sífilis/tratamento farmacológico , Brasil/epidemiologia , Protocolos de Ensaio Clínico como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Feminino , Humanos , Penicilina G Benzatina/uso terapêutico , Distribuição Aleatória , Sífilis/microbiologia , Sífilis/prevenção & controle , Resultado do Tratamento , Treponema pallidum/efeitos dos fármacos , Treponema pallidum/isolamento & purificação
7.
Int J STD AIDS ; 31(7): 699-701, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32362198

RESUMO

Annular syphilis may range from mildly raised lesions with scaly borders to verrucous plaques. Localized annular syphilis on the genitalia has been rarely reported in HIV-negative cases. This paper reports a case of annular secondary syphilis on the penis. Dermoscopy showed peripheral dotted and short linear vessels and white scaling with a relatively clear central area in an erythematous annular plaque. Histopathology revealed mild hyperkeratosis, parakeratosis, psoriasiform acanthosis, and focal basal vacuolar degeneration with lichenoid, perivascular, and periadnexal infiltrate of lymphohistiocytes and plasma cells in the superficial dermis. Silver stain showed several spirochetes in the lower epidermis and superficial dermis. Electron microscopy revealed a few intercellular and intracytoplasmic spirochetes in the basal epidermis and free spirochetes in the papillary dermis. Rapid plasma reagin and Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assays were positive. The lesions disappeared after intramuscular benzathine penicillin, with no relapse at six-month follow-up.


Assuntos
Pênis/patologia , Sífilis Cutânea/patologia , Sífilis/diagnóstico , Treponema pallidum/isolamento & purificação , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Microscopia Eletrônica , Penicilina G Benzatina/uso terapêutico , Sífilis/tratamento farmacológico , Sorodiagnóstico da Sífilis , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 150(1): 103-107, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32246772

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a treponemal enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) as an alternative screening test for syphilis in pregnant women. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of diagnostic test accuracy was carried out in a large volume laboratory from a tertiary care center. A total of 416 serum samples, including 102 archived syphilis Treponema pallidum hemagglutination (TPHA)-positive samples and 314 samples from pregnant women, were used to determine the sensitivity and specificity of ELISA. All the samples were subjected to Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL), rapid plasma reagin (RPR), ELISA, and TPHA tests. Performance characteristics of VDRL, RPR, and ELISA were calculated with TPHA as a reference standard test. RESULTS: VDRL and RPR exhibited higher false positivity of 10.5% and 9.6%, respectively, compared to 2.5% by ELISA. The sensitivity and specificity of ELISA were 98% and 97.5%, of VDRL were 71.6% and 89.5%, and of RPR were 73.5% and 90.5%, respectively. Moreover, ELISA had an excellent agreement (kappa=0.9) with TPHA compared to VDRL/RPR which had a moderate agreement (kappa=0.6) only. CONCLUSION: ELISA has the potential to replace VDRL/RPR as a screening test for syphilis in centers that can perform ELISA, especially for antenatal screening.


Assuntos
Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/normas , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal/métodos , Sorodiagnóstico da Sífilis/métodos , Sífilis/diagnóstico , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Treponema pallidum/isolamento & purificação
10.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 9(1): 26, 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32160927

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Yaws is a chronic relapsing disease caused by Treponema pallidum subspecies pertunue, which can result in severe disability and deformities. Children below the age of 15 years in resource-poor communities are the most affected. Several non-specific factors facilitate the continuous transmission and resurgence of the disease. Endemic communities in rural Ghana continue to report cases despite the roll out of several intervention strategies in the past years. The objective of this study was to determine the factors associated with cutaneous ulcers among children in two yaws-endemic districts in Ghana. METHODS: A community-based unmatched 1:2 case-control study was conducted among children between 1 and 15 years. Data on socio-demographic, environmental and behavioral factors were collected using a structured questionnaire. Active case search and confirmation was done using the Dual Path Platform (DPP) Syphilis Screen and Confirm test kit. Data were analyzed using STATA 15. Logistic regression was done to determine the exposures that were associated with yaws infection at 0.05 significant level. RESULTS: Sixty-two cases and 124 controls were recruited for the study. The adjusted multivariable logistic regression model showed that yaws infection was more likely among individuals who reside in overcrowded compound houses (aOR = 25.42, 95% CI: 6.15-105.09) and with poor handwashing habits (aOR = 6.46, 95% CI: 1.89-22.04). Male (aOR = 4.15, 95% CI: 1.29-13.36) and increasing age (aOR = 5.90, 95% CI: 1.97-17.67) were also associated with yaws infection. CONCLUSIONS: Poor personal hygiene, overcrowding and lack of access to improved sanitary facilities are the factors that facilitate the transmission of yaws in the Awutu Senya West and Upper West Akyem districts. Yaws was also more common among males and school-aged children. Improving living conditions, access to good sanitary facilities and encouraging good personal hygiene practices should be core features of eradication programs in endemic communities.


Assuntos
População Rural , Úlcera Cutânea/microbiologia , Treponema pallidum/isolamento & purificação , Bouba , Adolescente , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Aglomeração , Doenças Endêmicas , Feminino , Gana/epidemiologia , Humanos , Higiene , Lactente , Masculino , Vigilância da População , Úlcera Cutânea/diagnóstico , Úlcera Cutânea/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Sorodiagnóstico da Sífilis , Bouba/diagnóstico , Bouba/epidemiologia , Bouba/prevenção & controle , Bouba/transmissão
11.
Curr Med Sci ; 40(1): 110-116, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32166672

RESUMO

We investigated whether an ordinary centrifuge can achieve the standard centrifugal effect required according to specifications for infectious disease screening using the Abbott i2000. Samples were collected and centrifuged following a standard operating procedure (SOP). They were then divided into three groups according to the results of the initial screening tests: a negative group, weak-positive group, and positive group. Twenty negative samples and all weak-positive and positive samples were re-analyzed. Two tubes for each re-analyzed sample were centrifuged simultaneously, one for 10 min at 10 000 × g, per recommendations, and one for 10 min at 2750 × g. No significant difference was found between the groups using different centrifugal forces. There was a strong correlation in the quantitative values between the two conditions of centrifugation. Consistency analysis showed a Cronbach's alpha > 0.8 for detection of Treponema pallidum, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and hepatitis B surface antigen in the three groups (negative group, weak-positive group, and positive group) under different centrifugation conditions. Strong consistency was found under different centrifugal conditions, regardless of the initial testing results. In conclusion, we conducted centrifugation steps in duplicate, according to infectious disease screening protocols. Our study showed that all samples should be centrifuged using a recommended relative centrifugal force after a proper clotting time, as in the standard operating procedure of our laboratory. In this way, we were able to obtain the same results using an ordinary centrifuge as those obtained using a high-speed centrifuge, such as the Abbott i2000.


Assuntos
Centrifugação/métodos , Doenças Transmissíveis/diagnóstico , Manejo de Espécimes/instrumentação , Centrifugação/instrumentação , Centrifugação/normas , Guias como Assunto , HIV/isolamento & purificação , Hepacivirus/isolamento & purificação , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/metabolismo , Vírus da Hepatite B/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Treponema pallidum/isolamento & purificação
12.
Actas dermo-sifiliogr. (Ed. impr.) ; 111(2): 135-142, mar. 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-191503

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: La sífilis es una infección de transmisión sexual (ITS) producida por el Treponema pallidum subespecie pallidum, bacteria difícil de cultivar por lo que se requieren técnicas serológicas para su diagnóstico. La aparición de nuevas pruebas treponémicas (PT) automatizadas ha supuesto un cambio en el algoritmo diagnóstico de la sífilis, el cual tradicionalmente se iniciaba con una prueba no treponémica (PNT). Presentamos 15 casos de sífilis primarias detectadas gracias a la utilización de las nuevas PT automatizadas y realizamos una revisión de las técnicas microbiológicas en el diagnóstico de la sífilis precoz. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se recogieron todos los casos de sífilis diagnosticados en nuestro servicio desde enero de 2013 hasta septiembre de 2018. Se seleccionaron los pacientes con PNT negativas, Rapid Plasma Reagin (RPR) en particular. RESULTADOS: De un total de 158 pacientes diagnosticados de sífilis en este periodo, 15 presentaron PNT (RPR) negativas y de estos 15, todos excepto uno presentaron PT positivas. Catorce casos eran varones, con un rango de edad desde 22 a 60 años. Además, a 8 pacientes se les realizó reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR) del exudado de la úlcera, siendo en todos ellos positiva. Los 15 pacientes fueron tratados con una dosis única de penicilina G benzatina 2,4 MUI. CONCLUSIÓN: resaltamos la utilidad de las nuevas técnicas serológicas automatizadas, Chemiluminiscence Inmunoassay (CLIA) y Automated Treponema Pallidum Enzime linked Inmunoassay (EIA) y apoyamos su implantación como pruebas de screening en el diagnóstico de sífilis, dado su sensibilidad diagnóstica, su rapidez y su bajo coste


BACKGROUND: Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by Treponema pallidum, subspecies pallidum. As these bacteria are difficult to culture, syphilis must be diagnosed by serologic testing. The introduction of automated treponemal tests has led to changes in the traditional diagnostic algorithm for syphilis, which began with a nontreponemal test. We present 15 cases of primary syphilis detected using these new tools and review the microbiologic techniques used for the diagnosis of early syphilis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We examined all cases of syphilis diagnosed in our department between January 2013 and September 2018 and selected patients with negative nontreponemal (rapid plasma reagin [RPR]) tests. RESULTS: Of the 158 patients diagnosed with syphilis during the study period, 15 had a negative RPR test, and 14 of them had a positive treponemal test. Fourteen of the patients were men and ages ranged from 22 to 60 years. Polymerase chain reaction was used to detect T pallidum in the lesion exudate from 8 patients and was positive in all cases. The 15 patients were treated with a single injection of 2.4 million units of benzathine penicillin G. CONCLUSIÓN: Chemiluminescence immunoassays and T pallidum automated enzyme-linked immunoassays are useful in the diagnosis of early syphilis, and we believe that they should be adopted as screening tools given their diagnostic sensitivity, speed, and low cost


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sorodiagnóstico da Sífilis/métodos , Sífilis/diagnóstico , Sorodiagnóstico da Sífilis , Treponema pallidum/isolamento & purificação , Microscopia/métodos , Técnicas Microbiológicas/métodos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
14.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 165, 2020 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32087699

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treponema pallidum (T. pallidum) infection evokes significant immune responses, resulting in tissue damage. The immune mechanism underlying T. pallidum infection is still unclear, although microRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to influence immune cell function and, consequently, the generation of antibody responses during other microbe infections. However, these mechanisms are unknown for T. pallidum. METHODS: In this study, we performed a comprehensive analysis of differentially expressed miRNAs in healthy individuals, untreated patients with syphilis, patients in the serofast state, and serologically cured patients. miRNAs were profiled from the peripheral blood of patients obtained at the time of serological diagnosis. Then, both the target sequence analysis of these different miRNAs and pathway analysis were performed to identify important immune and cell signaling pathways. Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was performed for microRNA analysis. RESULTS: A total of 74 differentially regulated miRNAs were identified. Following RT-qPCR confirmation, three miRNAs (hsa-miR-195-5p, hsa-miR-223-3p, hsa-miR-589-3p) showed significant differences in the serofast and serologically cured states (P < 0.05). One miRNA (hsa-miR-195-5p) showed significant differences between untreated patients and healthy individuals. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study of miRNA expression differences in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in different stages of T. pallium infection. Our study suggests that the combination of three miRNAs has great potential to serve as a non-invasive biomarker of T. pallium infections, which will facilitate better diagnosis and treatment of T. pallium infections.


Assuntos
Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Sífilis/sangue , Transcriptoma/genética , Treponema pallidum/imunologia , Biomarcadores , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , MicroRNAs/imunologia , Prognóstico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Testes Sorológicos , Sífilis/diagnóstico , Sífilis/microbiologia , Treponema pallidum/isolamento & purificação
15.
Vet Rec ; 186(14): 450, 2020 04 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32066637

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-healing bovine foot lesions, including non-healing white line disease, non-healing sole ulcer and toe necrosis, are an increasingly important cause of chronic lameness that are poorly responsive to treatment. Recent studies have demonstrated a high-level association between these non-healing lesions and the Treponema phylogroups implicated in bovine digital dermatitis (BDD). However, a polymicrobial aetiology involving other gram-stain-negative anaerobes is suspected. METHODS: A PCR-based bacteriological survey of uncomplicated BDD lesions (n=10) and non-healing bovine foot lesions (n=10) targeting Fusobacterium necrophorum, Porphyromonas endodontalis, Dichelobacter nodosus and Treponema pallidum/T. paraluiscuniculi was performed. RESULTS: P. endodontalis DNA was detected in 80.0% of the non-healing lesion biopsies (p=<0.001) but was entirely absent from uncomplicated BDD lesion biopsies. When compared to the BDD lesions, F. necrophorum was detected at a higher frequency in the non-healing lesions (33.3% vs 70.0%, respectively), whereas D. nodosus was detected at a lower frequency (55.5% vs 20.0%, respectively). Conversely, T. pallidum/T. paraluiscuniculi DNA was not detected in either lesion type. CONCLUSION: The data from this pilot study suggest that P. endodontalis and F. necrophorum should be further investigated as potential aetiological agents of non-healing bovine foot lesions. A failure to detect syphilis treponemes in either lesion type is reassuring given the potential public health implications such an infection would present.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos/microbiologia , Dermatite Digital/microbiologia , Infecções por Fusobacterium/veterinária , Sífilis/veterinária , Infecções por Treponema/veterinária , Animais , Bovinos , DNA Bacteriano/isolamento & purificação , Feminino , Infecções por Fusobacterium/microbiologia , Fusobacterium necrophorum/genética , Fusobacterium necrophorum/isolamento & purificação , Projetos Piloto , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/veterinária , Porphyromonas endodontalis/genética , Porphyromonas endodontalis/isolamento & purificação , Sífilis/microbiologia , Treponema pallidum/genética , Treponema pallidum/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Treponema/microbiologia , Reino Unido
18.
Am J Perinatol ; 37(1): 112-118, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31905408

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We evaluate diagnostic accuracy of the ARCHITECT chemiluminescent immunoassay (CIA) screening test in pregnancy, and evaluate pregnancy outcomes among screen-positive women. STUDY DESIGN: Samples from routine prenatal rapid plasma reagin (RPR) tests were collected between June 22 and August 18, 2017 and frozen. Samples were batch-tested with the Abbott ARCHITECT syphilis TP immunoassay (CIA, index test). We calculated sensitivity, specificity, predictive value, and false positivity. We compared pregnancy and neonatal outcomes among screen-positive women. RESULTS: Of 1,602 specimens, 35 (2.2%) were RPR + ; of those, 24 (69%) were CIA +/Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay (TPPA)+ and 11 (31%) were CIA-/TPPA-. Of 1,567 RPR- specimens, 14 (0.9%) were CIA + ; of those, 13 (93%) were TPPA + , and one (7%) had a false positive CIA test. Sensitivity of the CIA (95% CI) was 100% (90.5-100%), specificity 99.9% (99.6-100%), positive predictive value 97.4% (86.2-99.9%), and false positive rate 0.06% (0.002-0.4%) for current or past syphilis. Among 37 CIA +/TPPA+ women, seven (19%) had RPR-negative status (Group 1), 11 (30%) had previously treated syphilis (Group 2), and 19 (51%) had active infection (Group 3). One stillbirth occurred in a woman with early, active syphilis identified at delivery; no adverse perinatal outcomes occurred among women in Groups 1 or 2. CONCLUSION: The ARCHITECT syphilis TP immunoassay accurately diagnoses current or past syphilis in pregnancy. Clinical history and staging remain essential using a reverse algorithm.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Imunoensaio/métodos , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Sífilis/diagnóstico , Treponema pallidum/isolamento & purificação , Adulto , Feminino , Teste de Absorção do Anticorpo Treponêmico Fluorescente , Humanos , Luminescência , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Sorodiagnóstico da Sífilis , Treponema pallidum/imunologia
20.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0227769, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929602

RESUMO

Clinical isolates of Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum (T. pallidum) would facilitate study of prevalent strains. We describe the first successful rabbit propagation of T. pallidum from cryopreserved ulcer specimens. Fresh ulcer exudates were collected and cryopreserved with consent from syphilis-diagnosed patients (N = 8). Each of eight age-matched adult male rabbits were later inoculated with a thawed specimen, with two rabbits receiving 1.3 ml intratesticularly (IT), and six receiving 0.6 ml intravenously (IV) and IT. Monitoring of serology, blood PCR and orchitis showed that T. pallidum grew in 2/8 rabbits that were inoculated IV and IT with either a penile primary lesion specimen (CDC-SF003) or a perianal secondary lesion specimen (CDC-SF007). Rabbit CDC-SF003 was seroreactive by T. pallidum Particle Agglutination (TP-PA) and Rapid Plasma Reagin (RPR) testing, PCR+, and showed orchitis by week 6. Euthanasia was performed in week 7, with treponemal growth in the testes confirmed and quantified by qPCR and darkfield microscopy (DF). Serial passage of the extract in a second age-matched rabbit also yielded treponemes. Similarly, rabbit CDC-SF007 showed negligible orchitis, but was seroreactive and PCR+ by week 4 and euthanized in week 6 to yield T. pallidum, which was further propagated by second passage. Using the 4-component molecular typing system for syphilis, 3 propagated strains (CDC-SF003, CDC-SF007, CDC-SF008) were typed as 14d9f, 14d9g, and 14d10c, respectively. All 3 isolates including strain CDC-SF011, which was not successfully propagated, had the A2058G mutation associated with azithromycin resistance. Our results show that immediate cryopreservation of syphilitic ulcer exudate can maintain T. pallidum viability for rabbit propagation.


Assuntos
Sífilis/microbiologia , Sífilis/patologia , Treponema pallidum/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Criopreservação , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Masculino , Tipagem Molecular , Coelhos , Sífilis/diagnóstico , Treponema pallidum/genética , Treponema pallidum/fisiologia
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