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1.
Food Chem ; 334: 127601, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32712491

RESUMO

Quantitative labeling of oil compositions has become a trend to ensure the quality and safety of blended oils in the market. However, methods for rapid and reliable quantitation of blended oils are still not available. In this study, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) was used to profile triacylglycerols in blended oils, and partial least squares regression (PLS-R) was applied to establish quantitative models based on the acquired MALDI-MS spectra. We demonstrated that this new method allowed simultaneous quantitation of multiple compositions, and provided good quantitative results of binary, ternary and quaternary blended oils, enabling good limits of detection (e.g., detectability of 1.5% olive oil in sunflower seed oil). Compared with the conventional GC-FID method, this new method could allow direct analysis of blended oils, analysis of one blended oil sample within minutes, and accurate quantitation of low-abundance oil compositions and blended oils with similar fatty acid contents.


Assuntos
Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Óleos Vegetais/análise , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz/métodos , Cromatografia Gasosa/métodos , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Análise de Alimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Azeite de Oliva/análise , Óleos Vegetais/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz/estatística & dados numéricos , Óleo de Girassol/análise , Triglicerídeos/análise
2.
BMJ ; 371: m3109, 2020 10 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33046451

RESUMO

Hypertriglyceridemia is one of the most common lipid abnormalities encountered in clinical practice. Many monogenic disorders causing severe hypertriglyceridemia have been identified, but in most patients triglyceride elevations result from a combination of multiple genetic variations with small effects and environmental factors. Common secondary causes include obesity, uncontrolled diabetes, alcohol misuse, and various commonly used drugs. Correcting these factors and optimizing lifestyle choices, including dietary modification, is important before starting drug treatment. The goal of drug treatment is to reduce the risk of pancreatitis in patients with severe hypertriglyceridemia and cardiovascular disease in those with moderate hypertriglyceridemia. This review discusses the various genetic and acquired causes of hypertriglyceridemia, as well as current management strategies. Evidence supporting the different drug and non-drug approaches to treating hypertriglyceridemia is examined, and an easy to adopt step-by-step management strategy is presented.


Assuntos
Gerenciamento Clínico , Hipertrigliceridemia/terapia , Adulto , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertrigliceridemia/complicações , Hipertrigliceridemia/genética , Hipolipemiantes/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/complicações , Pancreatite/etiologia , Pancreatite/prevenção & controle , Fatores de Risco , Triglicerídeos/sangue
3.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(9): 1225-1228, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027449

RESUMO

METHODS: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrinopathy with unknown pathophysiology among women of reproductive age. Several studies have been conducted to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) among PCOS patients. Recent studies have reported varied prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in women with PCOS. The aim of this study is to determine if women with PCOS are at a higher risk of MetS or some degree of metabolic compromise. This is an observational study. A total of 96 women diagnosed with PCOS (according to the Rotterdam consensus criteria) were included. Variables of diagnostic criteria for MetS according to the ATP III were analyzed at the first consultation. Data analysis was performed using Epi Info™ 7.2.2.16. RESULTS: We assessed the prevalence of obesity, blood pressure, glucose intolerance, and dyslipidemia in 96 women with PCOS and an average age of 28 (17-39) years. Forty percent of the women had BMI <25 kg/m2; 85.4% had blood pressure <130/85 mm Hg; 22.9% had HDL cholesterol >50 mg/dl, 57.3% had triglycerides <150 mg/dl, 63.5% had fasting glucose <100 mg/dl. According to the ATP III criteria for MetS, 8.33% met none of the criteria, 19.79% met one criterion, 15.63% two criteria, 41.67% 3 criteria, 13.54% 4 criteria, and 1.04% met the 5 criteria. CONCLUSION: Considering the high prevalence of MetS or altered metabolic components in PCOS patients at the moment of the diagnosis, its regular screening is necessary to reduce the mortality and morbidity rates in these women.


Assuntos
Síndrome Metabólica , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Obesidade , Prevalência , Triglicerídeos
4.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0235875, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022003

RESUMO

The oral lipid tolerance test (OLTT) has been known to assess intestinal fat metabolism and whole-body lipid metabolism, but rodent models for OLTT are not yet established. Differences in OLTT methodology preclude the generation of definitive results, which may cause some confusion about the anti-hypertriglyceridemia effects of the test materials. To standardize and generate more appropriate methodology for the OLTT, we examined the effects of mice strain, dietary lipid sources, fasting period, and gender on lipid-induced hypertriglyceridemia in mice. First, lipid-induced hypertriglyceridemia was more strongly observed in male ddY mice than in C57BL/6N or ICR mice. Second, the administration of olive and soybean oils remarkably represented lipid-induced hypertriglyceridemia. Third, fasting period before the OLTT largely affected the plasma triglyceride elevation. Fasting for 12 h, but less than 48 h, provoked lipid-induced hypertriglyceridemia. Fourth, we explored the suppressive effects of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a green tea polyphenol, on lipid-induced hypertriglyceridemia. The administration of 100 mg/kg of EGCG suppressed lipid-induced hypertriglyceridemia and intestinal lipase activity. Fifth, EGCG-induced suppressive effects were observed after lipid-induced hypertriglyceridemia was observed in male mice, but not in female mice. Lastly, lipid-induced hypertriglyceridemia could be more effectively induced in mice fed a high-fat diet for 1 week before the OLTT. These findings indicate that male ddY mice after 12 h fasting displayed marked lipid-induced hypertriglyceridemia in response to soybean oil. Hence, the defined experiment condition may be a more appropriate OLTT model for evaluating lipid-induced hypertriglyceridemia.


Assuntos
Gorduras na Dieta/efeitos adversos , Hipertrigliceridemia/sangue , Lipídeos/efeitos adversos , Chá/química , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Animais , Hipertrigliceridemia/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertrigliceridemia/etiologia , Lipídeos/administração & dosagem , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Ratos Wistar
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(43): e22887, 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120833

RESUMO

Hyperlipemia is a well-established etiology of acute pancreatitis. However, few data are available in the medical literature about the management of triglyceride levels in the outpatient setting in patients with hypertriglyceridemic acute pancreatitis (HTG-AP). We evaluated the blood triglyceride levels and followed the triglyceride management of patients with HTG-AP.This retrospective study enrolled patients with HTG-AP from January 2013 to March 2019 in the Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical of University. By reviewing the hospitalization records and the follow-up data, the clinical features, blood triglyceride levels, use of lipid-lowering medications and rate of blood triglyceride levels monitoring after hospital discharge were analyzed.A total of 133 patients (46 women, 87 men; median age at presentation 37.4 years) diagnosed with HTG-AP were enrolled in the study. Thirty-two patients (24.1%) presented with recurrent acute pancreatitis (RAP). Patients who had RAP were younger and had higher blood triglyceride levels than those with a single attack (P < .05). No difference in serum amylase levels, hospitalization duration or mortality rate were observed between non-recurrent acute pancreatitis and RAP patients. Lipid monitoring was only observed in 12.8% of patients and 10 patients (7.5%) took medications to control their blood triglyceride levels after hospital discharge. The follow-up of triglyceride levels in the outpatient setting were higher in RAP patients than in patients with non-recurrent acute pancreatitis (P < .05). Among the patients who measured their triglyceride levels after discharge, 83.3% of patients with RAP had at least 1 follow-up triglyceride level that was higher than 500 mg/dL, while no patients had an HTG-AP attack with a triglyceride level higher than 500 mg/dL.Triglyceride levels after hospital discharge higher than 500 mg/dL may be associated with an increased risk of relapse of clinical acute pancreatitis events. Inappropriate management for triglyceride control in the outpatient setting may be associated with an increased risk of relapse of clinical HTG-AP events.


Assuntos
Hiperlipidemias/complicações , Hipertrigliceridemia/tratamento farmacológico , Hipolipemiantes/uso terapêutico , Pancreatite/etiologia , Adulto , Amilases/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Hipertrigliceridemia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Pacientes Ambulatoriais/estatística & dados numéricos , Pancreatite/diagnóstico , Alta do Paciente , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Triglicerídeos/sangue
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21654, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871878

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to investigate the levels of 25(OH)D, inflammation markers and glucose and fat metabolism indexes in pregnant women with Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).One hundred and ten cases GDM and 100 cases healthy pregnant women in the First People's Hospital of Lianyungang City from October 2016 to December 2018 were recruited for this observational cross-sectional study. Each participant's anthropometric and demographic data was recorded. Blood samples were collected and analyzed to determine the levels of 25(OH)D, high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), fasting blood glucose, fasting blood insulin, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), cholesterol and triglycerides.Inflammatory markers and glucose and fat metabolism indexes were all significantly higher in the GDM group than that in the control group, while Serum 25(OH)D level in the GDM group was significantly lower. Serum 25(OH)D levels were negatively correlated with hs-CRP, while not with TNF-α. Furthermore, Serum 25(OH)D, hs-CRP and TNF-α levels were all associated with increased risk of developing GDM.Nowadays, the reports on the association between 25(OH)D level and GDM were controversial. Our results are consistent with the view that there was association between 25(OH)D level and GDM, and expand the literature by showing the roles of 25(OH)D, inflammation markers as well as glucose and fat metabolism indexes in the risk of developing GDM in the pregnant women with the low overall levels of 25(OH)D before delivery. This broadens our knowledge on the pathophysiology of GDM, which may be helpful in prevention and treatment of GDM.


Assuntos
Glicemia/metabolismo , Diabetes Gestacional/sangue , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Colesterol/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Humanos , Insulina/sangue , Resistência à Insulina , Gravidez , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Vitamina D/sangue
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21574, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871873

RESUMO

The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MS) is increasing in China, but there are disparities between urban and rural populations, and across different regions.To examine the prevalence and risk factors of MS in the rural area of Qianjiang (Southwest China).From March 2016 to June 2018, 6 townships in the Qianjiang District of Chongqing Municipality were selected for a cross-sectional study of the residents in rural areas. Demographics and medical history were collected using a questionnaire. Anthropometry and blood pressure were obtained by physical examination. Blood lipids, fasting plasma glucose, and 2-h postprandial glucose were measured.A total of 2949 (1067 males and 1882 females) were included. The mean age was 63.8 ±â€Š10.7 years. The prevalence of MS in the study population was 16.8% (496/2949). The prevalence of MS was 7.4% in men, 22.2% in women, 15.7% in Han, 18.1% in Tujia, and 14.8% in Miao. According to age, the prevalence of MS was 10.6%, 17.0%, and 18.3% in the 30-50, 50-69, and ≥ 70 years groups. The multivariable analysis showed that female sex (OR = 33.36, 95%CI: 17.0-65.53), dyslipidemia (OR = 4.71, 95%CI: 1.73-12.82), kidney diseases (OR = 2.32, 95%CI: 1.37-3.94), waistline (OR = 1.39, 95%CI: 1.33-1.46), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (OR = 0.12, 95%CI: 0.06-0.23), triglycerides (OR = 1.52, 95%CI: 1.31-1.76), alanine aminotransferase (OR = 0.98, 95%CI: 0.97-1.00), γ-glutamyltransferase (OR = 1.00, 95%CI: 1.00-1.01), and glycated hemoglobin (OR = 1.31, 95%CI: 1.08-1.59) were independently associated with MS.The prevalence of MS was 16.8% in Qianjiang. Female sex, kidney diseases, alanine aminotransferase, and γ-glutamyltransferase were independent risk factors for MS.


Assuntos
Síndrome Metabólica/sangue , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , População Rural/tendências , Idoso , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Antropometria , Glicemia/análise , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , China/epidemiologia , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Jejum/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Nefropatias/epidemiologia , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Triglicerídeos/sangue , gama-Glutamiltransferase/sangue
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21647, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872028

RESUMO

Prevalence of postpartum depression (PD) in Chinese women is rising and its associated factors are not well known. In this study we aim to explore the associations between nutritional factors in pregnancy and the risk of PD in Chinese women.A case-control study was performed in our hospital during January 2016 to June 2019. A food frequency questionnaire was designed to collect food consumption before the childbirth preceding month. Nutrition related biochemical indicators including fasting blood-glucose (GLU), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein (LDL), high density lipoprotein (HDL), and uric acid in the third trimester of pregnancy were detected. Logistic regression model was applied to compute odds ratio (OR) and its corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI).There were 565 participants in this study, which comprised 182 individuals with PD and 383 individuals without. Patients with PD had higher odds of increased GLU (OR=2.62, 95%CI = 1.67-4.11), TC (OR = 1.73 95%CI = 1.22-2.46), TG (OR = 2.43, 95%CI = 1.55-3.81), and LDL (OR = 3.41, 95%CI = 2.09-5.57), but decreased HDL (OR = 3.41, 95%CI = 2.09-5.57) during pregnancy. With respect to uric acid, there was lack of no statistical association (OR = 2.23, 95%CI = 0.82-6.26). Food frequency questionnaire indicated a higher meat intake, but a lower vegetable, fruit, fish, and poultry intake in patients with PD during pregnancy.Increased GLU, TC, TG, and LDL, but decreased HDL in later stages of pregnancy might be associated with PD.


Assuntos
Depressão Pós-Parto/etiologia , Avaliação Nutricional , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Glicemia/análise , Estudos de Casos e Controles , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Triglicerídeos/sangue
9.
Lipids Health Dis ; 19(1): 204, 2020 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study is to describe the blood lipid levels of patients diagnosed with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and to analyze the correlation between blood lipid levels and the prognosis of COVID-19 patients. METHODS: In the clinical retrospective analysis, a total of 228 adults infected with COVID-19 were enrolled between January 17, 2020 and March 14, 2020, in Changsha, China. One thousand one hundred and forty healthy participants with matched age and gender were used as control. Median with interquartile range and Mann-Whitney test were adopted to describe and analyze clinical data. The Kaplan-Meier (KM) curve and Cox regression analysis were used to analyze the correlation between high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and the severity of COVID-19. RESULTS: Compared with control, COVID-19 patients showed significantly lower levels of total cholesterol (TC) [median, 3.76 vs 4.65 mmol/L, P = 0.031], triglyceride [median, 1.08 vs 1.21 mmol/L, P <  0.001], low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) [median, 2.63 vs 2.83 mmol/L, P <  0.001], and HDL-C [median, 0.78 vs 1.37 mmol/L, P <  0.001], while compared with non-severe patients, severe COVID-19 patients only presented lower levels of HDL-C [median, 0.69 vs 0.79 mmol/L, P = 0.032]. In comparison with patients with high HDL-C, patients with low HDL-C showed a higher proportion of male (69.57% vs 45.60%, P = 0.004), higher levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) (median, 27.83 vs 12.56 mg/L, P <  0.001) and higher proportion of severe events (36.96% vs 14.84%, P = 0.001). Moreover, patients with low HDL-C at admission showed a higher risk of developing severe events compared with those with high HDL-C (Log Rank P = 0.009). After adjusting for age, gender and underlying diseases, they still had elevated possibility of developing severe cases than those with high HDL-C (HR 2.827, 95% CI 1.190-6.714, P = 0.019). CONCLUSIONS: HDL-C level was lower in COVID-19 adult patients, and low HDL-C in COVID-19 patients was correlated with a higher risk of developing severe events.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , China , Colesterol/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Triglicerídeos/sangue
10.
Diab Vasc Dis Res ; 17(5): 1479164120952321, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32883101

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Estimated glucose disposal rate (eGDR) is a practical measure of Insulin Resistance (IR) which can be easily incorporated into clinical practice. We profiled eGDR in younger adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) by their demographic and clinical characteristics. METHODS: In this single centre study, medical records of TIDM were assessed and eGDR tertiles correlated with demographic and clinical variables. RESULTS: Of 175 T1DM individuals, 108 (61.7%) were males. Mean age (±SD) was 22.0 ± 1.6 years and median time from diagnosis 11.0 years (range 1-23). Individuals were predominantly Caucasian (81.7%), with 27.4% being overweight (BMI: 25-30 kg/m2) and 13.7% obese (BMI > 30 kg/m2). Mean total cholesterol (TC) levels were significantly lower in high and middle eGDR tertiles (4.4 ± 1 and 4.3 ± 0.8 mmol/l, respectively) compared with low eGDR tertile (4.8 ± 1, p < 0.05 for both). Triglyceride (TG) levels showed a similar trend at 1.1 ± 0.5 and 1.1 ± 0.5 mmol/l for high and middle eGDR tertile compared to low eGDR tertile (1.5 ± 1 mmol/l, p < 0.05 for both). Renal function was similar across eGDR tertiles and no difference in retinopathy was detected. CONCLUSION: TC and TG are altered in individuals with T1DM and low eGDR, suggesting that this subgroup requires optimal lipid management to ameliorate their vascular risk.


Assuntos
Glicemia/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/sangue , Resistência à Insulina , Fatores Etários , Biomarcadores/sangue , Colesterol/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Adulto Jovem
11.
Pediatrics ; 146(4)2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32978295

RESUMO

Although infants with meconium ileus usually present with apparent symptoms shortly after birth, the diagnosis of meconium ileus and cystic fibrosis (CF) may be delayed, awaiting newborn screening (NBS) results. We present the case of an 11-day-old term girl with delayed passage of meconium at 48 hours who had 2 subsequent small meconium stools over the following week. There was a normal feeding history and no signs of abdominal distension or distress. She then presented with an acute abdomen, decompensated shock, bowel perforation, and peritonitis, requiring multiple intestinal surgeries. Her NBS for CF was positive, and CF was ultimately confirmed with mutation analysis. Her course was complicated by prolonged parenteral feedings and mechanical ventilation via tracheostomy. The infant was managed with soy oil, medium chain triglycerides, olive oil, fish oil lipids and experienced only transaminitis without cholestasis and no chronic liver sequelae, with subsequent normalization of her transaminases without treatment. Because her only symptom was decreased stool output and NBS results were unavailable, the CF diagnosis was delayed until she presented in extremis. Delayed meconium passage and decreased stool output during the first week of life should lead to suspicion and additional evaluation for CF while awaiting NBS results. Careful monitoring is indicated to prevent serious, life-threatening complications. The use of soy oil, medium chain triglycerides, olive oil, fish oil lipids for infants requiring prolonged parenteral nutrition may also be considered proactively to prevent cholestasis, particularly for high risk groups.


Assuntos
Fibrose Cística/diagnóstico , Íleo Meconial/diagnóstico , Colestase/prevenção & controle , Diagnóstico Tardio , Feminino , Óleos de Peixe/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Lipídeos/administração & dosagem , Íleo Meconial/terapia , Azeite de Oliva/uso terapêutico , Nutrição Parenteral , Óleo de Soja/uso terapêutico , Triglicerídeos/administração & dosagem
12.
PLoS Med ; 17(9): e1003302, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32915777

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A number of epidemiological and genetic studies have attempted to determine whether levels of circulating lipids are associated with risks of various cancers, including breast cancer (BC). However, it remains unclear whether a causal relationship exists between lipids and BC. If alteration of lipid levels also reduced risk of BC, this could present a target for disease prevention. This study aimed to assess a potential causal relationship between genetic variants associated with plasma lipid traits (high-density lipoprotein, HDL; low-density lipoprotein, LDL; triglycerides, TGs) with risk for BC using Mendelian randomization (MR). METHODS AND FINDINGS: Data from genome-wide association studies in up to 215,551 participants from the Million Veteran Program (MVP) were used to construct genetic instruments for plasma lipid traits. The effect of these instruments on BC risk was evaluated using genetic data from the BCAC (Breast Cancer Association Consortium) based on 122,977 BC cases and 105,974 controls. Using MR, we observed that a 1-standard-deviation genetically determined increase in HDL levels is associated with an increased risk for all BCs (HDL: OR [odds ratio] = 1.08, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.04-1.13, P < 0.001). Multivariable MR analysis, which adjusted for the effects of LDL, TGs, body mass index (BMI), and age at menarche, corroborated this observation for HDL (OR = 1.06, 95% CI = 1.03-1.10, P = 4.9 × 10-4) and also found a relationship between LDL and BC risk (OR = 1.03, 95% CI = 1.01-1.07, P = 0.02). We did not observe a difference in these relationships when stratified by breast tumor estrogen receptor (ER) status. We repeated this analysis using genetic variants independent of the leading association at core HDL pathway genes and found that these variants were also associated with risk for BCs (OR = 1.11, 95% CI = 1.06-1.16, P = 1.5 × 10-6), including locus-specific associations at ABCA1 (ATP Binding Cassette Subfamily A Member 1), APOE-APOC1-APOC4-APOC2 (Apolipoproteins E, C1, C4, and C2), and CETP (Cholesteryl Ester Transfer Protein). In addition, we found evidence that genetic variation at the ABO locus is associated with both lipid levels and BC. Through multiple statistical approaches, we minimized and tested for the confounding effects of pleiotropy and population stratification on our analysis; however, the possible existence of residual pleiotropy and stratification remains a limitation of this study. CONCLUSIONS: We observed that genetically elevated plasma HDL and LDL levels appear to be associated with increased BC risk. Future studies are required to understand the mechanism underlying this putative causal relationship, with the goal of developing potential therapeutic strategies aimed at altering the cholesterol-mediated effect on BC risk.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Lipídeos/análise , Lipídeos/sangue , Adulto , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Colesterol/análise , Colesterol/sangue , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Fatores de Risco , Triglicerídeos/sangue
13.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 14(9): e0008603, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925941

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) proposed guidelines on dengue clinical classification in 1997 and more recently in 2009 for the clinical management of patients. The WHO 1997 classification defines three categories of dengue infection according to severity: dengue fever (DF), dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), and dengue shock syndrome (DSS). Alternative WHO 2009 guidelines provide a cross-sectional classification aiming to discriminate dengue fever from dengue with warning signs (DWWS) and severe dengue (SD). The primary objective of this study was to perform a comparison of two dengue classifications. The secondary objective was to describe the changes of hematological and biochemical parameters occurring in patients presenting with different degrees of severity during the course of the disease, since progression to more severe clinical forms is unpredictable. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We performed a prospective, monocentric, cross-sectional study of hospitalized children in Cambodia, aged from 2 to 15 years old with severe and non-severe dengue. We enrolled 243 patients with acute dengue-like illness: 71.2% were dengue infections confirmed using quantitative reverse transcription PCR or NS1 antigen capture ELISA, of which 87.2% and 9.0% of DF cases were respectively classified DWWS and SD, and 35.9% of DHF were designated SD using an adapted WHO 2009 classification for SD case definition. Systematic use of ultrasound at patient admission was crucial for detecting plasma leakage. No difference was observed in the concentration of secreted NS1 protein between different dengue severity groups. Lipid profiles were different between DWWS and SD at admission, characterized by a decrease in total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and LDL cholesterol, in SD. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Our results show discrepancies between the two classifications, including misclassification of severe dengue cases as mild cases by the WHO 1997 classification. Using an adapted WHO 2009 classification, SD more precisely defines the group of patients requiring careful clinical care at a given time during hospitalization.


Assuntos
Dengue Grave/classificação , Dengue Grave/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adolescente , Camboja , Criança , Criança Hospitalizada , Pré-Escolar , Colesterol/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Dengue Grave/diagnóstico , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/metabolismo , Organização Mundial da Saúde
14.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(37): 23131-23139, 2020 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32868427

RESUMO

Lipid droplets (LDs) are intracellular organelles found in a wide range of organisms and play important roles in stress tolerance. During nitrogen (N) starvation, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii stores large amounts of triacylglycerols (TAGs) inside LDs. When N is resupplied, the LDs disappear and the TAGs are degraded, presumably providing carbon and energy for regrowth. The mechanism by which cells degrade LDs is poorly understood. Here, we isolated a mutant (dth1-1, Delayed in TAG Hydrolysis 1) in which TAG degradation during recovery from N starvation was compromised. Consequently, the dth1-1 mutant grew poorly compared to its parental line during N recovery. Two additional independent loss-of-function mutants (dth1-2 and dth1-3) also exhibited delayed TAG remobilization. DTH1 transcript levels increased sevenfold upon N resupply, and DTH1 protein was localized to LDs. DTH1 contains a putative lipid-binding domain (DTH1LBD) with alpha helices predicted to be structurally similar to those in apolipoproteins E and A-I. Recombinant DTH1LBD bound specifically to phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), a major phospholipid coating the LD surface. Overexpression of DTH1LBD in Chlamydomonas phenocopied the dth1 mutant's defective TAG degradation, suggesting that the function of DTH1 depends on its ability to bind PE. Together, our results demonstrate that the lipid-binding DTH1 plays an essential role in LD degradation and provide insight into the molecular mechanism of protein anchorage to LDs at the LD surface in photosynthetic cells.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Algas/metabolismo , Chlamydomonas reinhardtii/metabolismo , Gotículas Lipídicas/metabolismo , Proteína de Ligação a Fosfatidiletanolamina/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/fisiologia , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Fosfolipídeos/metabolismo , Fotossíntese/fisiologia , Triglicerídeos/metabolismo
17.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0232069, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32956351

RESUMO

Mouse models are frequently used to study mechanisms of human diseases. Recently, we observed a spontaneous bimodal variation in liver weight in C57BL/6JOlaHsd mice fed a semisynthetic diet. We now characterized the spontaneous variation in liver weight and its relationship with parameters of hepatic lipid and bile acid (BA) metabolism. In male C57BL/6JOlaHsd mice fed AIN-93G from birth to postnatal day (PN)70, we measured plasma BA, lipids, Very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL)-triglyceride (TG) secretion, and hepatic mRNA expression patterns. Mice were sacrificed at PN21, PN42, PN63 and PN70. Liver weight distribution was bimodal at PN70. Mice could be subdivided into two nonoverlapping groups based on liver weight: 0.6 SD 0.1 g (approximately one-third of mice, small liver; SL), and 1.0 SD 0.1 g (normal liver; NL; p<0.05). Liver histology showed a higher steatosis grade, inflammation score, more mitotic figures and more fibrosis in the SL versus the NL group. Plasma BA concentration was 14-fold higher in SL (p<0.001). VLDL-TG secretion rate was lower in SL mice, both absolutely (-66%, p<0.001) and upon correction for liver weight (-44%, p<0.001). Mice that would later have the SL-phenotype showed lower food efficiency ratios during PN21-28, suggesting the cause of the SL phenotype is present at weaning (PN21). Our data show that approximately one-third of C57BL/6JOlaHsd mice fed semisynthetic diet develop spontaneous liver disease with aberrant histology and parameters of hepatic lipid, bile acid and lipoprotein metabolism. Study designs involving this mouse strain on semisynthetic diets need to take the SL phenotype into account. Plasma lipids may serve as markers for the identification of the SL phenotype.


Assuntos
Ração Animal/efeitos adversos , Fígado Gorduroso/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Animais , Ácidos e Sais Biliares/sangue , Ácidos e Sais Biliares/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ácidos Graxos/sangue , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Fígado Gorduroso/sangue , Fígado Gorduroso/etiologia , Fígado Gorduroso/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Lipoproteínas VLDL/sangue , Lipoproteínas VLDL/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fatores Sexuais , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Triglicerídeos/metabolismo
18.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0239547, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970728

RESUMO

Obesity is a common disease over the world and is tightly associated with diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular and cancer disease. Although our previous study showed that the synthetic vanadium-protein (V-P) complex had a better effect on antioxidant and antidiabetic, the relative molecular mechanisms are still entirely unknown. Hence, we investigated the effect of the synthetic V-P complex on adipocyte differentiation (adipogenesis) using human preadipocytes to clarify its molecular mechanisms of action. The primary human preadipocytes were cultured with and without V-P complex during adipocyte differentiation. The cell proliferation, lipid accumulation, and the protein expression of transcription factors and related enzymes were determined for the differentiated human preadipocytes. In this study, the 20 µg/mL of V-P complex reduced the lipid and triglyceride (TG) content by 74.47 and 57.39% (p < 0.05), respectively, and down-regulated the protein expressions of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ), CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha (C/EBPα), sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1 (SREBP-1) and fatty acid synthase (FAS). Additionally, the V-P complex significantly up-regulated the protein levels of total ß-catenin (t-ß-catenin), nuclear ß-catenin (n-ß-catenin), phosphorylated adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase alpha (p-AMPKα) and liver kinase B1 (p-LKB1). These showed that the inhibitory effect of V-P complex on human adipogenesis was mediated by activating Wnt/ß-catenin and LKB1/AMPK-dependent signaling pathway. Therefore, the synthetic V-P complex could be considered as a candidate for prevention and treatment of obesity.


Assuntos
Adipócitos/metabolismo , Adipogenia/efeitos dos fármacos , Vanádio/metabolismo , Células 3T3-L1 , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Animais , Proteína alfa Estimuladora de Ligação a CCAAT/genética , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Lipídeos/fisiologia , Camundongos , Obesidade/metabolismo , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Triglicerídeos/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo
19.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(8): 1141-1147, 2020 Aug 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895189

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the triglyceride (TG)-lowering effects of PCSK9 inhibitor in patients with in different baseline triglyceride levels. METHODS: Between February, 2019 and March, 2020, a total of 59 patients were treated with PCSK9 inhibitor (Evolocumab) in 5 hospitals, including Nanfang Hospital, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Foshan Nanhai District People's Hospital and Yulin First People's Hospital. According to baseline triglyceride levels, the patients were divided into normal TG group (< 1.70 mmol/L, n=24), mild hypertriglyceridemia group (1.70-2.29 mmol/L, n=11), moderate hypertriglyceridemia group (2.30-5.63 mmol/L, n=13), and severe hypertriglyceridemia group (≥5.64 mmol/L, n=11), and the changes in TG level after the treatment were compared among the 4 groups. RESULTS: In the groups with normal and mildly elevated baseline TG level, the patients did not show significant changes in TG levels after the treatment. In patients with moderately and severely elevated baseline TG levels, treatment with PCSK9 inhibitor significantly reduced their TG levels (P < 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: PCSK9 inhibitor has a significant TG-lowering effect in patients with moderate to severe hypertriglyceridemia but not in patients with only mildly elevated baseline TG level.


Assuntos
Hipertrigliceridemia , Humanos , Hipolipemiantes , Pró-Proteína Convertase 9 , Triglicerídeos
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e21792, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899007

RESUMO

Major lipids making effects on the occurrence of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is well recognized, but their roles on stroke severity remain uncertain. To explore the exact roles of lipids playing on stroke severity and the possible mechanism, we conduct this observational study.Data was collected from patients with AIS from February 2008 to May 2012. The level of major lipids was compared among AIS groups with different severity and investigated the correlation. Also, the relationship existed between major lipids and bilirubin. Mechanism of major lipids playing on stroke severity was researched to determine if oxidative stress reflected by bilirubin.Lower triglyceride (TG) and higher high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were observed in severe stroke, and obvious correlation existed between TG and stroke severity or HDL-C and stroke severity. TG was associated negatively with direct bilirubin (DBIL) and total bilirubin (TBIL), and lower level of DBIL and TBIL were related to higher quartiles of TG. There was no obvious difference of DBIL and TBIL among the groups of quartiles of HDL-C. TG was the influence factor of stroke severity in severe stroke through multiple univariable logistic regression. But it was not the independent influence factor after multivariable logistic regression adjusted by DBIL or TBIL. However, HDL-C was the influence factor of stroke severity through both univariable and multivariable logistic regression.Lower TG or higher HDL-C predicted severer stroke. The effect of TG on stroke severity was mediated by bilirubin, not HDL-C.


Assuntos
Bilirrubina/sangue , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/sangue , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
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