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1.
JAMA ; 325(3): 244-253, 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33464334

RESUMO

Importance: Whether intravenous thrombolysis is needed in combination with mechanical thrombectomy in patients with acute large vessel occlusion stroke is unclear. Objective: To examine whether mechanical thrombectomy alone is noninferior to combined intravenous thrombolysis plus mechanical thrombectomy for favorable poststroke outcome. Design, Setting, and Participants: Investigator-initiated, multicenter, randomized, open-label, noninferiority clinical trial in 204 patients with acute ischemic stroke due to large vessel occlusion enrolled at 23 hospital networks in Japan from January 1, 2017, to July 31, 2019, with final follow-up on October 31, 2019. Interventions: Patients were randomly assigned to mechanical thrombectomy alone (n = 101) or combined intravenous thrombolysis (alteplase at a 0.6-mg/kg dose) plus mechanical thrombectomy (n = 103). Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary efficacy end point was a favorable outcome defined as a modified Rankin Scale score (range, 0 [no symptoms] to 6 [death]) of 0 to 2 at 90 days, with a noninferiority margin odds ratio of 0.74, assessed using a 1-sided significance threshold of .025 (97.5% CI). There were 7 prespecified secondary efficacy end points, including mortality by day 90. There were 4 prespecified safety end points, including any intracerebral hemorrhage and symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage within 36 hours. Results: Among 204 patients (median age, 74 years; 62.7% men; median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score, 18), all patients completed the trial. Favorable outcome occurred in 60 patients (59.4%) in the mechanical thrombectomy alone group and 59 patients (57.3%) in the combined intravenous thrombolysis plus mechanical thrombectomy group, with no significant between-group difference (difference, 2.1% [1-sided 97.5% CI, -11.4% to ∞]; odds ratio, 1.09 [1-sided 97.5% CI, 0.63 to ∞]; P = .18 for noninferiority). Among the 7 secondary efficacy end points and 4 safety end points, 10 were not significantly different, including mortality at 90 days (8 [7.9%] vs 9 [8.7%]; difference, -0.8% [95% CI, -9.5% to 7.8%]; odds ratio, 0.90 [95% CI, 0.33 to 2.43]; P > .99). Any intracerebral hemorrhage was observed less frequently in the mechanical thrombectomy alone group than in the combined group (34 [33.7%] vs 52 [50.5%]; difference, -16.8% [95% CI, -32.1% to -1.6%]; odds ratio, 0.50 [95% CI, 0.28 to 0.88]; P = .02). Symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage was not significantly different between groups (6 [5.9%] vs 8 [7.7%]; difference, -1.8% [95% CI, -9.7% to 6.1%]; odds ratio, 0.75 [95% CI, 0.25 to 2.24]; P = .78). Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with acute large vessel occlusion stroke, mechanical thrombectomy alone, compared with combined intravenous thrombolysis plus mechanical thrombectomy, failed to demonstrate noninferiority regarding favorable functional outcome. However, the wide confidence intervals around the effect estimate also did not allow a conclusion of inferiority. Trial Registration: umin.ac.jp/ctr Identifier: UMIN000021488.


Assuntos
Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , /cirurgia , Trombectomia , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/administração & dosagem , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Hemorragia Cerebral/etiologia , Terapia Combinada , Intervalos de Confiança , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
JAMA ; 325(3): 234-243, 2021 01 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33464335

RESUMO

Importance: For patients with large vessel occlusion strokes, it is unknown whether endovascular treatment alone compared with intravenous thrombolysis plus endovascular treatment (standard treatment) can achieve similar functional outcomes. Objective: To investigate whether endovascular thrombectomy alone is noninferior to intravenous alteplase followed by endovascular thrombectomy for achieving functional independence at 90 days among patients with large vessel occlusion stroke. Design, Setting, and Participants: Multicenter, randomized, noninferiority trial conducted at 33 stroke centers in China. Patients (n = 234) were 18 years or older with proximal anterior circulation intracranial occlusion strokes within 4.5 hours from symptoms onset and eligible for intravenous thrombolysis. Enrollment took place from May 20, 2018, to May 2, 2020. Patients were enrolled and followed up for 90 days (final follow-up was July 22, 2020). Interventions: A total of 116 patients were randomized to the endovascular thrombectomy alone group and 118 patients to combined intravenous thrombolysis and endovascular thrombectomy group. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary end point was the proportion of patients achieving functional independence at 90 days (defined as score 0-2 on the modified Rankin Scale; range, 0 [no symptoms] to 6 [death]). The noninferiority margin was -10%. Safety outcomes included the incidence of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage within 48 hours and 90-day mortality. Results: The trial was stopped early because of efficacy when 234 of a planned 970 patients had undergone randomization. All 234 patients who were randomized (mean age, 68 years; 102 women [43.6%]) completed the trial. At the 90-day follow-up, 63 patients (54.3%) in the endovascular thrombectomy alone group vs 55 (46.6%) in the combined treatment group achieved functional independence at the 90-day follow-up (difference, 7.7%, 1-sided 97.5% CI, -5.1% to ∞)P for noninferiority = .003). No significant between-group differences were detected in symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (6.1% vs 6.8%; difference, -0.8%; 95% CI, -7.1% to 5.6%) and 90-day mortality (17.2% vs 17.8%; difference, -0.5%; 95% CI, -10.3% to 9.2%). Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with ischemic stroke due to proximal anterior circulation occlusion within 4.5 hours from onset, endovascular treatment alone, compared with intravenous alteplase plus endovascular treatment, met the prespecified statistical threshold for noninferiority for the outcome of 90-day functional independence. These findings should be interpreted in the context of the clinical acceptability of the selected noninferiority threshold. Trial Registration: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry: ChiCTR-IOR-17013568.


Assuntos
Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , /cirurgia , Trombectomia , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/administração & dosagem , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Hemorragia Cerebral/etiologia , Terapia Combinada , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/efeitos adversos
3.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 30(2): 105495, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33310592

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Combined intravenous therapy (IVT) and mechanical thrombectomy (MT) is the standard treatment for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with large vessel occlusion (LVO). However, the use of  IVT before MT is recently being questioned. OBJECTIVES: To compare patients treated with IVT before MT with those treated with MT alone, in a real-world scenario. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of AIS patients with LVO of the anterior circulation who underwent MT, with or without previous IVT, between 2016 and 2018. RESULTS: A total of 524 patients were included (347 submitted to IVT+MT; 177 to MT alone). No differences between groups were found except for a higher time from stroke onset to CT and to groin puncture in the MT group (297.5 min vs 115.0 min and 394.0 min vs 250.0 min respectively, p < 0.001). Multivariable analysis showed that age<75 years (OR 2.65, 95% CI 1.71-4.07, p < 0.001), not using antiplatelet therapy (OR 1.93, 95% CI 1.21-3.08, p = 0.006), low prestroke mRS (OR 4.33, 95% CI 1.89-9.89, p < 0.001), initial NIHSS (OR 0.89, 95% CI 0.86-0.93, p < 0.001), absent cerebral edema (OR 7.83, 95% CI 3.31-18.51, p < 0.001), and mTICI 2b/3 (OR 4.56, 95% CI 2.17-9.59, p < 0.001) were independently associated with good outcome (mRS 0-2). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support the idea that IVT before MT does not influence prognosis, in a real-world setting.


Assuntos
Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Trombectomia , Terapia Trombolítica , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Terapia Combinada , Bases de Dados Factuais , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , /fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Terapia Trombolítica/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Tempo para o Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(12)2020 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33361137

RESUMO

Endovascular thrombectomy in acute ischaemic stroke commonly uses aspiration catheters, either alone or in combination with stent retrievers. The Penumbra Aspiration System (Penumbra, Alameda, California, USA) was first approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2007, with low reported device-related complications. We present a case of a previously unreported complication related to malfunction of a Penumbra aspiration catheter during stroke thrombectomy resulting in a carotid-cavernous fistula.


Assuntos
Fístula Carotidocavernosa , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Falha de Equipamento , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média , Complicações Intraoperatórias , Artéria Cerebral Média , Trombectomia , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Fístula Carotidocavernosa/diagnóstico , Fístula Carotidocavernosa/etiologia , Fístula Carotidocavernosa/cirurgia , Análise de Falha de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/complicações , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/diagnóstico , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/cirurgia , Complicações Intraoperatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Intraoperatórias/cirurgia , /fisiopatologia , Artéria Cerebral Média/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Cerebral Média/cirurgia , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Trombectomia/instrumentação , Trombectomia/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(11): 105204, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066886

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An extended time window for intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) for acute stroke patients up to 9 hours from symptom onset has been established in recent trials, excluding patients who received mechanical thrombectomy (MT). We therefore investigated whether combined therapy with IVT and MT (IVT+MT) is safe in patients with ischemic stroke and large vessel occlusion (LVO) in an extended time window. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients with anterior circulation ischemic stroke and LVO who were treated within 4.5 to 9 hours after symptom onset using MT with or without IVT. Primary endpoint was the occurrence of any intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). Multivariable logistic regression was used to adjust for potential confounders. RESULTS: In total, 168 patients were included in the study, 44 (26%) were treated with IVT+ MT. 133 (79%) patients had a M1-/distal carotid artery occlusion. Median ASPECT-Score was 8 (IQR 7-10) and complete reperfusion (mTICI 2b-3) was achieved in 132 (79%) patients. 18 (41%) of the patients in the IVT+MT group developed any ICH vs. 45 (36%) patients in the direct MT group (p=0.587). Symptomatic ICH occurred in 5 (11%) patients with IVT+MT vs. 8 (6%) patients receiving direct MT (p=0.295). In multivariable analysis, IVT+MT was not an independent predictor of ICH (adjusted for NIHSS, degree of reperfusion, symptom-onset-to-treatment time and therapy with tirofiban; OR 0.95 [95% CI 0.43-2.08], p=0.896). CONCLUSION: Mechanical thrombectomy in stroke patients seems to be safe with combined intravenous thrombolysis within 4.5 to 9 hours after onset as it did not significantly increase the risk for intracranial hemorrhage.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Trombectomia , Terapia Trombolítica , Tempo para o Tratamento , Administração Intravenosa , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Terapia Combinada , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Hemorragias Intracranianas/induzido quimicamente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Terapia Trombolítica/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(11): 105211, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066897

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Acute management of blood pressure in ischemic stroke treated with reperfusion therapy remains uncertain. We evaluated blood pressures during the first 24-hours after reperfusion therapy in relation to in-hospital outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a single-center retrospective study of blood pressure in the first 24 hours among ischemic stroke patients who underwent reperfusion therapy with intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) or mechanical thrombectomy (MT) at a tertiary referral center. Blood pressure variability was expressed as the range between the highest and the lowest pressures. Outcomes of interest were discharge disposition and in-hospital mortality. Favorable outcome was defined as a discharge destination to home or inpatient rehabilitation facility (IRF). Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed with adjustment for age, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score, and patients receiving reperfusion therapy. RESULTS: Among the 140 ischemic stroke patients (117 IVT, 84 MT and 61 both), 95 (67.8%) had favorable discharge disposition and 24 (17.1%) died. Higher 24-hour peak systolic blood pressures (SBPs) and peak mean arterial pressures (MAPs) were independently associated with a lower likelihood of favorable discharge disposition, with an adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 0.868, 95 % CI 0.760 - 0.990 per 10 mm Hg for SBP and aOR 0.710, 95% CI 0.515 - 0.980 for MAP, and with increased odds of death aOR 1.244, 95% CI 1.056-1.467 and aOR 1.760, 95% CI 1.119 - 2.769 respectively. Greater variability of SBP and MAP was also associated with odds of death aOR 1.327, 95% CI 1.104 - 1.595 and aOR 1.577, 95% CI 1.060- 2.345 respectively, without a significant effect on discharge disposition. CONCLUSION: In the first 24 hours after reperfusion therapy, higher peak and variable blood pressures are associated with unfavorable discharge outcomes and increased in-hospital mortality. Further studies in stroke patients undergoing reperfusion therapy might target blood pressure reduction and variability to improve patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Pressão Arterial , Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Alta do Paciente , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Trombectomia , Terapia Trombolítica , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Encefálica/mortalidade , Isquemia Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Trombectomia/mortalidade , Terapia Trombolítica/efeitos adversos , Terapia Trombolítica/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(11): 105199, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066918

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between the number of stent retriever (SR) passes and clinical outcome after mechanical thrombectomy (MT) in patients with acute ischemic stroke(AIS). METHODS: We retrospectively analyze data collected from consecutive patients with large vessel occlusion (LVO) in anterior circulation treated with MT. Baseline characteristics, number of SR passes, symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH), clinical outcome measured by modified Rankin Scale (mRS) at 90 days after MT were collected. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the association between number of SR passes and patients' clinical outcome. RESULTS: 134 patients with LVO achieved successful reperfusion (mTICI 2B/3) were enrolled. Univariate analysis showed that patients with favorable outcomes were less likely to need more than three passes of SR (9.8%vs39.7%, p = 0.001). In a multivariable analysis, baseline NIHSS score (OR 0.922, 95%CI 0.859∼0.990, p = 0.025), more than three passes of SR (OR 0.284, 95%CI0.091∼0.882, p = 0.030) and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (OR 0.116,95%CI0.021∼0.650, p = 0.014) each independently predicted poor outcome after MT at 90 days. CONCLUSION: The need for more than three passes of SR may be used as an independent predictor of poor outcome after MT in patients with acute ischemic stroke at 90 days.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Stents , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Trombectomia/instrumentação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(11): 105223, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066949

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stroke-associated pneumonia (SAP) often increases high hospital mortality, prolongs length of hospital stay, and has considerable economic impact on healthcare costs. We aimed to explore independent predictors of SAP in acute anterior large artery occlusion patients who treated with endovascular treatment (EVT). METHODS: Consecutive patients with acute anterior large artery occlusion stroke who underwent EVT from the Nanjing Stroke Registry from January 2019 to January 2020 were identified retrospectively. Patients were divided into SAP group and Non-SAP group. In the univariate analysis, variables including demographics, clinical factors, labs, and EVT features were compared between the two groups. Then a multivariable logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine independent predictors of SAP. RESULTS: One hundred and twelve patients were enrolled. Patients with SAP, compared to those without SAP, had lower modified treatment in cerebral infarction (mTICI) score 2b-3 rate (54.8% vs 85.2%; P = 0.001), higher asymptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage rate (48.4% vs 28.4%; P = 0.046), lower modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score 0-2 rate at 90days rate (9.7% vs 60.5%; P < 0.001), and higher mortality at 90days (38.7% vs 11.1%; P = 0.001). The independent predictors of SAP were dysphagia (Unadjusted Odds ratio[OR] 6.49, 95% Confidence interval[CI] 2.49-16.92; P = 0.02; Adjusted OR 3.59, 95% CI 1.19-10.83; P = 0.02), neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (Unadjusted OR 1.19, 95% CI 1.1-1.3; P = 0.001; Adjusted OR 1.15, 95% CI 1.06-1.25; P = 0.001), and mTICI 2b-3 (Unadjusted OR 0.21, 95% CI 0.08-0.54; P = 0.001; Adjusted OR 0.3, 95% CI 0.1-0.92; P = 0.04). CONCLUSION: Dysphagia, higher neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, and failed recanalization were associated with SAP in acute ischemic stroke patients underwent endovascular therapy. Identification and prevention of SAP was necessary and important.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares , Pneumonia/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Trombectomia , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Deglutição/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia/diagnóstico , Pneumonia/mortalidade , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Trombectomia/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Stroke ; 51(10): 2943-2950, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921260

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although the efficacy of endovascular treatment (EVT) in patients with anterior circulation ischemic stroke (AIS) is well documented, early neurological deterioration after EVT remains a serious issue associated with poor outcome. Besides obvious causes, such as lack of reperfusion, procedural complications, or parenchymal hemorrhage, early neurological deterioration may remain unexplained (UnEND). Our aim was to investigate predictors of UnEND after EVT in patients with AIS. METHODS: Patients who underwent EVT for AIS, with an initial National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score >5, Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score ≥6, and included in a multicenter prospective observational registry were analyzed. Predictors of UnEND, defined as ≥4-point increase in the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score between baseline and day 1 after EVT, were determined via center-adjusted analyses. RESULTS: Among the 1925 included in the analysis, 128 UnEND (6.6%) were recorded. In multivariate analysis, predictors of UnEND were diabetes mellitus (odds ratio [OR], 2.17 [95% CI, 1.32-3.56]), prestroke modified Rankin Scale score ≥2 (OR, 2.22 [95% CI, 1.09-4.55]), general anesthesia (OR, 2.55 [95% CI, 1.51-4.30]), admission systolic blood pressure (OR, 1.10 [95% CI, 1.01-1.20]), age (OR, 1.38 [95% CI, 1.14-1.67]), number of passes (OR, 1.16 [95% CI, 1.04-1.28]), direct admission or not to a comprehensive stroke center (OR, 0.49 [95% CI, 0.30-0.81]), and initial National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score (OR, 0.65 [95% CI, 0.52-0.81]). CONCLUSIONS: Severely impaired AIS patients with nonmodifiable factors are more likely to develop UnEND. Some modifiable predictors of UnEND such as the number of EVT passes could be the object of improvement in AIS management.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Fibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(10): 1661-1667, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921564

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate safety and efficacy of percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy using the Rotarex catheter combined with drug-coated balloon (DCB) in treatment of femoropopliteal artery occlusive disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2016 and February 2018, 81 patients with acute or subacute femoropopliteal artery occlusions were treated with the Rotarex catheter combined with DCB. Lesions were classified according to the onset of symptoms as acutely (< 14 d) or subacutely (14 d to 3 mo) occluded. The mean lesion length was 12.1 cm ± 6.7. The primary endpoint was target lesion patency at 1 year as evaluated by duplex ultrasound (peak systolic velocity ratio < 2.4) and freedom from clinically indicated target lesion revascularization. Amputation rate, major adverse events, and ankle-brachial index at 12 months were evaluated. RESULTS: Technical success rate was 100% (n = 81). Bailout stents were necessary in 14 patients owing to residual stenosis or flow-limiting dissection. Additional thrombolysis was applied in 10 interventions. No major adverse events occurred during hospital stay. There were 9 restenosis cases during the 12-month follow-up period. Primary patency rate was 87.3% (62/71), and freedom from target lesion revascularization rate was 90.1% (64/71). Ankle-brachial index significantly increased from 0.46 ± 0.15 to 0.77 ± 0.14 during follow-up. The amputation rate was 1.4% at 12 months. CONCLUSIONS: These initial data from 2 centers suggest that the combination of the Rotarex catheter and DCB may be safe and effective for treatment of acute or subacute thrombotic femoropopliteal occlusion with superior immediate and midterm results achieved.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Artéria Femoral , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Artéria Poplítea , Trombectomia , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Pequim , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
11.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(10): 105091, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912516

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mechanical thrombectomy is now standard of care for treatment of acute ischemic stroke secondary to large vessel occlusion in the setting of high NIHSS. We analysed a large nationwide registry focusing on patients with large vessel occlusion and low NIHSS on admission to evaluate the efficacy and safety of thrombectomy in this patient population METHODS: 2826 patients treated with mechanical thrombectomy were included in a multicentre registry from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2015. We included patients with large vessel occlusion and NIHSS ≤ 6 on admission. Baseline characteristics, imaging, clinical outcome, procedure adverse events and positive and negative outcome predictors were analysed. RESULTS: 134 patients were included. 90/134 had an anterior circulation and 44 a posterior circulation stroke. One patient died before treatment. Successful revascularization (mTICI 2b-3) was achieved in 73.7% (98/133) of the patients. Intraprocedural adverse event was observed in 3% (4/133) of cases. Symptomatic intracranial haemorrhage rate was 5.3% (7/133). At three months, 70.9% (95/134) of the patients had mRS score 0-2, 15.7% (21/134) mRS 3-5 and 13.4% (18/134) mRS 6. Age and successful recanalization were significant predictors of a good clinical outcome on both univariate (p= 0.005 and p=0.007) and multivariable (p=0.0018 and p=0.009 [nat log]) analysis. Absence of vessel recanalization and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage were independent predictors of poor outcome (p=0.021) . CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that patients with large vessel occlusion and low NIHSS score on admission can benefit from mechanical thrombectomy. Randomized trials are warranted.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Trombectomia , Idoso , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(10): 105120, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912528

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Safety and efficacy of thrombectomy in patients ≥80-year-old is not fully understood as this age group is underrepresented in major clinical trials. OBJECTIVES: To review the procedural aspects and clinical outcome of thrombectomy among octogenarians and nonagenarians in a busy comprehensive stroke center. METHODS: We retrospectively identified all patients ≥80-year-old who underwent thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke with emergent large vessel occlusion (ELVO) in the anterior circulation in our institution. Demographics, procedural variables, anesthesia modality, and clinical outcome measures were extracted. The rates of successful recanalization (defined as TICI ≥ 2B), symptomatic hemorrhagic transformation and favorable clinical outcome (defined as mRS<3 at 90 days) were identified. RESULTS: A total of 113 patients were identified. The median age for the cohort was 85 years (range: 80-103). Median admission NIHSS score was 18 (IQR: 14-25). Successful recanalization was achieved in 101 patients (89%). Monitored anesthesia care (MAC) was used in 78% of the patients. Groin puncture to recanalization time was shorter in patients under MAC (45±36 vs 120±50; p=0.006); however, no statistically significant difference in the rate of 90-day favorable outcome was observed between MAC and general anesthesia(23% vs 20%, p=0.77). From 72 patients with baseline mRS<3, 22% had a favorable 90-day outcome. CONCLUSION: Thrombectomy in octogenarians and nonagenarians is technically feasible and associated with high rate of recanalization. Anesthesia type was not a predictor of outcome and does not pose a threat on procedural time. Nearly one out of four patients in this study had a favorable clinical outcome.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Trombectomia , Fatores Etários , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(10): 105052, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912529

RESUMO

BACKROUND AND PURPOSE: Role of peri-procedural heparin as an adjuvant treatment during mechanical thrombectomy (MT) for patients contra-indicated for alteplase remains a source of debate. METHODS: We included patients from the multicenter French register ETIS that underwent MT without administration of alteplase, and compared patients who received heparin during MT with patients who did not. Heparin impact on outcome were analyzed regarding final TICI score, NIHSS at day one, modified rankin scale (mRS) and intracranial hemorrhagic transformation on imaging at day one. RESULTS: Over 1031 patients, 751 were included between January 2015 and June 2018 in 6 different centers, and 223 (26.69%) received heparin. Heparin administration was associated with a significant deleterious effect on NIHSS at 24h [adjusted OR = 1.2; p = 0.02], mRS at 3 months [adjusted OR 1.58; p = 0.03], and on complete reperfusion [TICI 3 adjusted OR 0.68; p = 0.02]. Heparin administration was associated with a significant reduction of hemorrhagic transformation [adjusted OR 0.48; p = 0.00005]. CONCLUSIONS: Heparin administration during MT seems deleterious for reperfusion and functional outcome. Randomized trials are needed to identify the role of antithrombotic treatments, such as heparin, in the setting of acute ischemic stroke management.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Contraindicações de Medicamentos , Fibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Heparina/administração & dosagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Trombectomia , Terapia Trombolítica/efeitos adversos , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Feminino , França , Heparina/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(10): 105134, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912530

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mechanical thrombectomy (MT) is the standard of care for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) caused by large vessel occlusion of the anterior circulation within 6 hours of symptoms onset and can be performed with an extended window up to 24 hours in selected patients. Nevertheless, the outcomes of MT with extended window are unknown in developing countries. OBJECTIVE: Explore the safety and efficacy of MT for AIS performed beyond 6 hours from symptoms onset in Brazil. METHODS: We reviewed data from AIS patients treated with MT beyond 6 hours of stroke onset, from 2015 to 2018 in a Brazilian public hospital. Patients had an occlusion of the intracranial internal carotid artery and/or proximal segment of the middle cerebral artery. CT Perfusion mismatch was evaluated using the RAPID® software. We evaluated the modified Rankin scale (mRS) and mortality at 90 days, and rate of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH). RESULTS: Fifty-four patients were included, with a mean age of 65.6 ± 16.1 years, 55.6% were male, and the median NIHSS score at presentation was 17. Successful recanalization (TICI 2b to 3) was obtained in 92.6% of patients and sICH rate was 11.1%. Overall, 34% of the patients had a good outcome (mRS ≤2) at 90 days and the mortality rate was 20.3%. CONCLUSION: Our study, the first series of MT for AIS treated with extended window reported in Latin America, shows that MT can be performed with safety and lead to adequate functional outcomes in this context. Further studies should explore the barriers to broad implementation of MT for AIS in Latin America.


Assuntos
Artéria Carótida Interna/fisiopatologia , Estenose das Carótidas/terapia , Circulação Cerebrovascular , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/terapia , Artéria Cerebral Média/fisiopatologia , Trombectomia , Tempo para o Tratamento , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil , Artéria Carótida Interna/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose das Carótidas/diagnóstico , Estenose das Carótidas/fisiopatologia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Hospitais Públicos , Humanos , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/diagnóstico , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Cerebral Média/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem de Perfusão , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(10): 105148, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912534

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify whether intracranial atherosclerotic disease large vessel occlusion strokes differ compared to embolic large vessel occlusion strokes in angiographic response to mechanical thrombectomy and clinical course. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of acute ischemic stroke patients with large vessel occlusion, due to intracranial atherosclerotic disease or embolic etiology, who underwent mechanical thrombectomy in a primary stroke center from 11/2015 to 4/2018. We categorized patients into intracranial atherosclerotic disease or embolic large vessel occlusion based on the procedural findings. We compared pretreatment, procedural variables, and post-procedural outcomes. RESULTS: Ninety-five patients were included, 13 with intracranial atherosclerotic disease large vessel occlusion strokes and 82 with embolic large vessel occlusion strokes. Between the two groups, there was no statistically significant difference in angiographic success (100% for intracranial atherosclerotic disease and 89% for embolic large vessel occlusion strokes); first pass success (38% for intracranial atherosclerotic disease and 34% for embolic large vessel occlusion strokes); puncture-to-first-pass time; puncture-to-recanalization time (68 minutes for intracranial atherosclerotic disease and 62 minutes for embolic large vessel occlusion strokes); number of passes; or clinical outcomes. Intracranial angioplasty was performed in 6 (46%) of intracranial atherosclerotic disease large vessel occlusion patients, and in 5 (6%) of embolic large vessel occlusion patients (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Similar angiographic success and procedural time metrics are achievable with intracranial atherosclerotic disease large vessel occlusion and embolic large vessel occlusion therapy. This occurred with more frequent intracranial angioplasty for intracranial atherosclerotic disease large vessel occlusion strokes.


Assuntos
Angiografia Cerebral , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Arteriosclerose Intracraniana/terapia , Embolia Intracraniana/terapia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Trombectomia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Arteriosclerose Intracraniana/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriosclerose Intracraniana/fisiopatologia , Embolia Intracraniana/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolia Intracraniana/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(9): 104954, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32807414

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Racial/ethnic and sex disparity may occur in stroke throughout the continuum of care. Endovascular therapy (EVT) became standard of care in 2015 for eligible patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). We evaluated for racial and sex differences in t-PA and EVT utilization and outcomes in 2016 in the National Inpatient Sample. METHODS: Treatment rates for t-PA, EVT, and t-PA+EVT and outcomes including home discharge, in-hospital mortality and prolonged length of stay (pLOS) were evaluated by sex and race. Multivariate survey-logistic regression was performed to evaluate outcomes. RESULTS: The study had 468,630 patients - 49.3% men, 50.7% women; 69.3% whites, and 30.7% non-whites. There was no difference in treatment utilization by sex, women vs men for t-PA (7.65% vs 7.76%; aOR:1.02; 95% CI:0.97-1.07), EVT (1.74% vs 1.67%; aOR:1.09; 95% CI:0.99-1.20) and t-PA+EVT (0.57% vs 0.57%; aOR:1.01; 95% CI:0.85-1.21); and by race, non-white vs white for t-PA (7.62% vs 7.74%; aOR:0.98; 95% CI:0.93-1.05), EVT (1.62% vs 1.74%; aOR:0.91; 95% CI:0.78-1.07), and t-PA+EVT(0.59% vs 0.56%; aOR:1.05; 95% CI:0.84-1.30). Compared to men, women treated with t-PA had less home discharge (37.2% vs 46.3%; aOR:0.81; 95% CI:0.72-0.90), more in-hospital mortality (5.7% vs 3.9%; aOR:1.37; 95% CI:1.06-1.77) and less pLOS (8.3% vs 9.6%; aOR:0.82; 95% CI:0.69-0.98); women treated with EVT had less home discharge (15.8% vs 23.7%; aOR:0.69; 95% CI:0.52-0.91). Compared to whites, non-whites treated with t-PA had lower odds of home discharge (42.1% vs 41.6%; aOR:0.79; 95% CI:0.69-0.90), less in-hospital mortality (3.7% vs 5.3%; aOR:0.65; 95% CI:0.49-0.87), and higher pLOS (11.4% vs 7.9%; aOR:1.3; 95% CI:1.07-1.56); non-whites treated with EVT had less home discharge (18%vs 20.2%; aOR:0.70; 95% CI:0.51-0.97) and higher pLOS (35.1% vs 24%; aOR:1.52; 95% CI:1.16-1.99). CONCLUSION: Sex and racial disparity exists for outcomes of t-PA and EVT despite no difference in utilization rates.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/tendências , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/tendências , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Trombectomia/tendências , Terapia Trombolítica/tendências , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Encefálica/etnologia , Isquemia Encefálica/mortalidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/etnologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Alta do Paciente/tendências , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etnologia , Prevalência , Fatores Raciais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etnologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Trombectomia/mortalidade , Terapia Trombolítica/efeitos adversos , Terapia Trombolítica/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
18.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(9): 105008, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32807423

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intracerebral hemorrhage, including symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage, is a serious post-mechanical thrombectomy complication in patients with acute ischemic stroke. We aimed to determine whether glycosylated hemoglobin A1c parameters could predict intracerebral hemorrhage in this patient population. METHODS: We enrolled patients with acute occlusion of the internal carotid artery or proximal middle cerebral artery and who had undergone mechanical thrombectomy. According to the glycosylated hemoglobin A1c level (%) assessed during the hospital stay, the patients were divided into two groups: > 6.5% and ≤ 6.5%. Intracerebral hemorrhage was evaluated and classified based on cranial computed tomography scans obtained within 24-48 h or when neurological conditions worsened. We assessed the outcome at the end of 90 days using the modified Rankin Scale scores. RESULTS: Among 202 patients, 86 (42.6%) suffered intracerebral hemorrhage, while 25 (12.4%) had symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage; 35.6% of the patients had a favorable outcome (modified Rankin Scale scores 0-2). Multivariable analysis demonstrated an association of glycosylated hemoglobin A1c > 6.5% with intracerebral hemorrhage. Furthermore, glycosylated hemoglobin A1c > 6.5% was independently associated with symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (OR, 2.136; 95% CI, 1.279-3.567; P = 0.004). In addition, glycosylated hemoglobin A1c > 6.5% was significantly associated with increased mortality (OR, 1.511; 95% CI, 1.042-2.191; P = 0.029) and negatively associated with favorable outcome (OR, 0.480; 95% CI, 0.296-0.781; P = 0.003) at 90 days. CONCLUSIONS: Glycosylated hemoglobin A1c is an independent predictor of intracerebral hemorrhage (specifically, symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage) in patients with acute ischemic stroke treated with mechanical thrombectomy. Further studies are needed to validate these findings.


Assuntos
Estenose das Carótidas/terapia , Hemorragia Cerebral/etiologia , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/terapia , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estenose das Carótidas/sangue , Estenose das Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose das Carótidas/fisiopatologia , Hemorragia Cerebral/sangue , Hemorragia Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/sangue , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(9): 105015, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32807430

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mechanical thrombectomy is the standard treatment in acute ischemic stroke due to large vessel occlusion, but there is limited evidence about its efficacy in very old patients. We sought to analyse safety and effectiveness of mechanical thrombectomy in nonagenarian versus octagenarian patients. METHODS: We included consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke due to large vessel occlusion subjected to mechanical thrombectomy, during 29 months in a tertiary center. Patients were divided into two sub-groups, according to age: 80-89 and >90 years old. Recanalization, complications, functional outcome and mortality at discharge and at 3 months were compared. Multivariable analysis was performed to identify independent predictors of functional outcome at 3 months of follow-up, assessed by the modified Rankin Scale. RESULTS: A total of 128 octogenarians (88.9%) and 16 nonagenarians (11.1%) met the inclusion criteria. Successful revascularization was achieved in 87.5% of octagenarians and in 81.3% of nonagenarians (p = 0.486). Symptomatic hemorrhage occurred in 3.1% and 6.3% of younger and older patients, respectively (p = 0.520). Cerebral edema occured in 35.2% of octagenarians versus 25.0% of nonagenarians (p = 0.419). Functional independence (mRS ≤ 2) at 3 months was achieved in 28 (22.6%) and 5 (31.3%) of octagenarians and nonagenarians, respectively (p = 0.445). Mortality at 3 months was not significantly higher in nonagenarians (37.5%) versus octagenarians (33.9%, p = 0.773). CONCLUSIONS: No significant diferences were found in functional outcome, mortality, recanalization and complication rates between octagenarians and nonagenarians submitted to mechanical thrombectomy, underlining that patients should not be excluded from mechanical thrombectomy based on age alone.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Trombectomia , Fatores Etários , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Encefálica/mortalidade , Isquemia Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Alta do Paciente , Seleção de Pacientes , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Trombectomia/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(9): 105018, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32807433

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Recent clinical comparisons of M1 and M2 segment endovascular thrombectomy have reached incongruous results in rates of complication and functional outcomes. This study aims to clarify the controversy surrounding this rapidly advancing technique through literature review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A Pubmed search was performed (January 2015-September 2019) using the following keywords: "M2 AND ("stroke" OR "occlusion") AND ("thrombectomy" OR "endovascular")". Safety and clinical outcomes were compared between segments via weighted Student's t-test, Chi-square and odds ratio while study heterogeneity was analyzed using Cochran Q and I2 tests. RESULTS: Pubmed identified 208 articles and eleven studies were included after full-text analysis, comprising 2,548 M1 and 758 M2 mechanical thrombectomy segment cases. Baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale scores were comparatively lower in patients experiencing an M2 occlusion (16 ± 1.25 vs 13.6 ± 0.96, p < 0.01). Patients who underwent M2 mechanical thrombectomy were more likely to experience both good clinical outcomes (modified Rankin Scale 0-2) (48.6% vs 43.5% respectively, OR 1.24; CI 1.05-1.47, p = 0.01) and excellent clinical outcomes (modified Rankin Scale 0-1) (34.7% vs. 26.5%%, OR 1.6; CI 1.28-1.99, p < 0.01) at 90 days compared to M1 mechanical thrombectomy. Neither recanalization rates (75.3% vs 72.8%, OR 0.92, CI 0.75-1.13, p = 0.44) nor symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage rates (5.6% vs 4.9%, OR 0.92; CI 0.61-1.39, p= 0.7) were significantly different between M1 and M2 cohorts. Mortality was less frequent in the M2 cohort compared to M1 (16.3% vs 20.7%, OR 0.73; CI 0.57-0.94, p = 0.01). M1 and M2 cohorts did not differ in symptom onset-to-puncture (238.1 ± 46.7 vs 239.8 ± 43.9 min respectively, p=0.488) nor symptom onset-to recanalization times (318.7 ± 46.6 vs 317.7 ± 71.1 min respectively, p = 0.772), though mean operative duration was shorter in the M2 cohort (61.8 ± 25.5 vs 54.6 ± 24 min, p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Patients who underwent M2 mechanical thrombectomy had a higher prevalence of good and excellent clinical outcomes compared to the M1 mechanical thrombectomy cohorts. Additionally, our data suggest lower mortality rates in the M2 cohort and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage rates that are similar to the M1 cohort. Therefore, M2 segment thrombectomy likely does not pose a significantly elevated operative risk and may have a positive impact on patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/terapia , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Avaliação da Deficiência , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/diagnóstico , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/mortalidade , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Trombectomia/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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