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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(6): e18996, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028410

RESUMO

Upper extremity vein thrombosis (UE-VT) are more and more frequent pathologies and yet little studied. The aim is to describe the clinical and ultrasound features, UE-VT-related diseases, and the prevalence of pulmonary embolism (PE) and associated deaths.All UE-VT patients diagnosed by Doppler-ultrasound in Nantes University Hospital, from January 2015 to December 2017, were included retrospectively. UE-VT suspicion patterns, clinical features, UE-VT topography, and prevalence of PE and death were analyzed.Seven hundred and fifty-five UE-VT were analyzed, including 427 deep thrombosis (UE-DVT) and 328 superficial thrombosis (UE-SVT). In 86.2% (n = 651) UE-VT were related to endovascular devices. Among these thrombosis, one third is in connection with a PICC LINE and one quarter with a peripheral venous line. Forty nine percent (n = 370) of the patients had solid neoplasia or hematological malignancies. An inflammatory or systemic infectious context was found in 40.8% (n = 308) of the cases. The most frequently observed clinical sign at the UE-VT diagnosis was edema (28.6%). Among the UE-SVT it was the presence of an indurated cord (33.2%) and among the UE-DVT the indication of the Doppler-ultrasound was mainly a suspicion of infection on endovascular device (35.1%). In 10.6% (n = 80) of the cases the UE-VT were asymptomatic. The most frequently thrombosed veins were brachial basilic veins (16.7% of all thrombosed segments) followed by jugular (13%) and subclavian (12.3%) veins; 61.3% (n = 463) of UE-VT were in the right upper extremity; 63.3% (n = 478) UE-VT were occlusive. The occurrence of PE is 4% and the death rate is 10.2%, mainly related to the severe comorbidities of patients with UE-VT.UE-VT occurs in particular clinical contexts (hematological malignancies, solid cancers, systemic infections) and in the majority of endovascular devices (86.2%). The occurrence of PE is low.


Assuntos
Braço/irrigação sanguínea , Trombose/diagnóstico , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Embolia Pulmonar/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombose/complicações , Trombose/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose/mortalidade , Ultrassonografia , Trombose Venosa/complicações , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Venosa/mortalidade
4.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(2): 104551, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31843352

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mechanical thrombectomy for treatment of arterial ischemic stroke (AIS) and cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is well-studied in adult populations, but not in children. METHODS: We report 3 new cases of pediatric stroke treated using mechanical thrombectomy. Two cases of AIS and 1 case of CVT were identified from 2018 pediatric stroke clinic records. RESULTS: Thrombectomy was successful in 1 of the 2 AIS cases and in the CVT case. None of the children were asymptomatic after thrombectomy. One AIS case had good recovery than developed dystonia which responded to treatment; the second AIS case had residual hemiplegia; and the child with CVT had mild school problems. CONCLUSIONS: Mechanical thrombectomy is being increasingly used for pediatric stroke treatment. This study and recent literature reviews suggest thrombectomy holds promise as a treatment for selected pediatric stroke patients. Questions remain about the safety and efficacy of thrombectomy in children with stroke since large randomized controlled studies are not yet feasible.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Trombose Intracraniana/terapia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Trombectomia , Trombose Venosa/terapia , Adolescente , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Trombose Intracraniana/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Intracraniana/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Venosa/fisiopatologia
5.
Int Braz J Urol ; 46(1): 92-100, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851465

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in differentiating bland thrombus from tumor thrombus of the inferior vena cava (IVC) in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 30 consecutive patients who underwent robot-assisted radical nephrectomy with IVC thrombectomy and had pathologically confirmed RCC. All patients underwent US and CEUS examination. Two offline readers observed and recorded thrombus imaging information and enhancement patterns. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value for bland thrombus were assessed. RESULTS: Of the 30 patients, no adverse events occurred during administration of the contrast agent. Early enhancement of the mass within the IVC lumen on CEUS was na indicator of tumor thrombus. Bland thrombus showed no intraluminal flow on CEUS. There were eight (26.7%) patients with bland thrombus, including three level II, two level III, and three level IV. There were three cases with cephalic bland thrombus and five cases with caudal bland thrombus. Three caudal bland thrombi extended to the iliac vein and underwent surgical IVC interruption. Based on no intraluminal flow, for bland thrombus, CEUS had 87.5% sensitivity, 100% specificity, 96.7% accuracy, 100% positive predictive value and 95.6% negative predictive value. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates the potential of CEUS in the differentiation of bland and tumor thrombus of the IVC in patients with RCC. Since CEUS is an effective, inexpensive, and non-invasive method, it could be a reliable tool in the evaluation of IVC thrombus in patients with RCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia Doppler/métodos , Veia Cava Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Meios de Contraste , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombectomia/métodos , Carga Tumoral , Veia Cava Inferior/patologia , Veia Cava Inferior/cirurgia , Trombose Venosa/patologia , Trombose Venosa/cirurgia
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(52): e18427, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876719

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Contrast-enhanced computed tomographic venography (CTV) or magnetic resonance venography (MRV) are usually used to detect May-Thurner syndrome (MTS). However, both are associated with contrast-induced nephrotoxicity. For patients who cannot receive contrast media, non-contrast-enhanced MRV using three-dimensional (3D) turbo spin-echo (TSE) is considered an alternative. We report a case of MTS to describe its clinical utility and advantages. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 49-year-old male experienced isolated left leg swelling and pain for half a month. He had a history of chronic renal insufficiency that made contrast-enhanced imaging studies inadequate. DIAGNOSES: A lower extremity venous Duplex scan showed a thrombus extending from the left distal femoral vein to the popliteal vein with valvular reflux, consistent with infrainguinal deep vein thrombosis (DVT). The suprainguinal DVT was evaluated by non-contrast-enhanced MRV. The results showed sandwich external compression of the left common iliac vein between the right common iliac artery and lumbar vertebrae, consistent with DVT of the left common iliac vein caused by MTS. INTERVENTIONS: The patient received angioplasty with the implantation of a balloon-expandable stent over the left common iliac vein. OUTCOMES: Excellent recanalization of the left iliac vein was noted postoperatively. LESSONS: In the evaluation of suprainguinal venous lesions, non-contrast-enhanced MRV presents the venous structure alone at high resolution without the accompanying arterial structure, which makes it an excellent diagnostic imaging tool for MTS. These findings indicate that non-contrast-enhanced MRV could be useful for detecting systemic venous pathologies in patients with renal insufficiency.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Síndrome de May-Thurner/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Renal/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome de May-Thurner/complicações , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Veia Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Renal/etiologia , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Venosa/etiologia
7.
Am Surg ; 85(11): 1288-1293, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775973

RESUMO

Portal vein system thrombosis (PVST) is a form of venous thrombosis, which behaves as a common and potentially life-threatening complication after splenectomy. Numerous studies have been made to investigate the mechanism and the risk factors of PVST. However, the research on the prevention and treatment of PVST associated with platelet's (PLT) rule of change is rare. This work mainly investigates the PLT's rule of change and its correlativity with the formation of PVST after splenectomy. The retrospective study included 117 patients who underwent splenectomy from August 2014 to June 2018 and monitored by blood routine, D-dimer (D-D), and portal vein system ultrasound routinely after splenectomy. The changes of PLT and D-D were recorded and compared before and after each operation. We analyzed the changes of PLT and D-D as well as the incidence of PVST postoperatively. Most of the patients' PLT increased significantly after splenectomy. On the first day after operation, there were 80 patients' (68.38%) PLT recovered to normal or above normal. The proportion of patients with abnormally high PLT value on the seventh and fourteenth day were 60.68 per cent and 81.20 per cent, respectively. Thereinto, there were 67 patients' (57.26%) PLT beyond 500 × 109/L on the 14th day. The D-D of all patients exceeded the normal range on the first, seventh, and fourteenth day after operation, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05), which behaved similar like PLT. Meanwhile, our color Doppler ultrasonography showed that the incidence of PVST was 70.79 per cent. Among the patients with PVST, 82 (100%) patients' PLT was increased after operation. The PLT of patients increased obviously after splenectomy. The increased blood viscosity caused by the consecutive elevation of PLT may result in a higher PVST incidence. Early intervention and treatment are needed clinically for PVST after splenectomy.


Assuntos
Sistema Porta , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Esplenectomia/efeitos adversos , Trombose Venosa/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Viscosidade Sanguínea , Criança , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Feminino , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Humanos , Hiperesplenismo/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Portal/diagnóstico , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contagem de Plaquetas/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema Porta/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Ultrassonografia , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Venosa/epidemiologia , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
8.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 15: 449-461, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695400

RESUMO

Splanchnic vein thrombosis (SVT) including portal, mesenteric, splenic vein thrombosis and the Budd-Chiari syndrome, is a manifestation of unusual site venous thromboembolism. SVT presents with a lower incidence than deep vein thrombosis of the lower limbs and pulmonary embolism, with portal vein thrombosis and Budd-Chiari syndrome being respectively the most and the least common presentations of SVT. SVT is classified as provoked if secondary to a local or systemic risk factor, or unprovoked if the causative trigger cannot be identified. Diagnostic evaluation is often affected by the lack of specificity of clinical manifestations: the presence of one or more risk factors in a patient with a high clinical suspicion may suggest the execution of diagnostic tests. Doppler ultrasonography represents the first line diagnostic tool because of its accuracy and wide availability. Further investigations, such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance angiography, should be executed in case of suspected thrombosis of the mesenteric veins, suspicion of SVT-related complications, or to complete information after Doppler ultrasonography. Once SVT diagnosis is established, a careful patient evaluation should be performed in order to assess the risks and benefits of the anticoagulant therapy and to drive the optimal treatment intensity. Due to the low quality and large heterogeneity of published data, guidance documents and expert opinion could direct therapeutic decision, suggesting which patients to treat, which anticoagulant to use and the duration of treatment.


Assuntos
Veias Mesentéricas , Veia Porta , Veia Esplênica , Trombose Venosa , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Veias Mesentéricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias Mesentéricas/fisiopatologia , Veia Porta/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Porta/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Circulação Esplâncnica , Veia Esplênica/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Esplênica/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia Doppler , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Trombose Venosa/epidemiologia , Trombose Venosa/fisiopatologia
9.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 14(1): 196, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718656

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary thrombosis of the pulmonary vasculatures without extra-pulmonary sources of embolism are uncommon. Here, we report 2 cases of thrombosis of the stump of the remnant pulmonary vasculatures after lung resection complicated by embolic events with review of the literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 75-year-old female was consulted to evaluate cardiac source of embolism for acute cerebral infarction. The patient underwent left upper lobectomy because of lung cancer 2 years ago. Cardiovascular imaging revealed about 1.6 cm × 1.4 cm sized thrombus within the remnant stump of the left superior pulmonary vein. The patient was treated by anticoagulation with warfarin, because the patients refused surgical removal of thrombus. A 57-year-old female who had a history of right pneumonectomy 10 years ago presented with dyspnea. Cardiovascular imaging revealed 1.7 × 1.5 cm sized thrombus in the right pulmonary artery stump and small pulmonary embolism in the left lower segmental pulmonary artery. The patient was treated by long-term anticoagulation with warfarin, and the thrombus and pulmonary embolism were resolved. CONCLUSION: The present cases demonstrated that very late thrombosis of the remnant pulmonary vascular structures and subsequent fatal embolic complications can develope even several years later after lung resection. Therefore, the dead space of the remnant vascular structures should be minimized during lung resection surgery, and the developement of delayed thromboembolic complications associated with vascular stump thrombosis should be carefully monitored.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Pneumonectomia/efeitos adversos , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Veias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Idoso , Infarto Encefálico/etiologia , Dispneia/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem
11.
J Radiol Case Rep ; 13(3): 19-27, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565174

RESUMO

Spontaneous rupture of the inferior vena cava (IVC) is a rare entity. We report a case of a spontaneous IVC rupture associated with IVC filter thrombosis in a patient presenting with severe atraumatic back pain. Computed tomography (CT) identified a retroperitoneal hematoma and suggested IVC thrombosis. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging confirmed the presence of IVC filter thrombosis and demonstrated a large defect in the infrarenal IVC, with the vessel lumen in free communication with the adjacent hematoma. The patient was managed conservatively and discharged in stable condition. MR imaging played an important role in characterizing the CT findings, which were unclear.


Assuntos
Ruptura Espontânea/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura Espontânea/etiologia , Filtros de Veia Cava/efeitos adversos , Veia Cava Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Venosa/terapia , Tratamento Conservador , Hematoma/complicações , Hematoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Hematoma/terapia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espaço Retroperitoneal/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura Espontânea/terapia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento , Trombose Venosa/complicações , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem
12.
J Radiol Case Rep ; 13(4): 10-16, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565177

RESUMO

Diffuse hyperdense cerebral vasculature is sometimes encountered on nonenhanced computed tomography, and polycythemia is one of the conditions which appears the same. The current case report is of a case of 37-year-old female patient arrived with a complaint of feeling severe headache for the past 3 days which was insidious in onset, diffuse in nature and it did not respond to any medication. NECT brain study showed the hyperdense circle of Willis and cerebral venous sinuses. Contrast was not administered for computed tomography study of the brain. On blood investigations, the patient had raised hematocrit level (74%). The hyperdense vessel was due to raised hematocrit (Polycythemia Vera).


Assuntos
Policitemia Vera/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adulto , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Meios de Contraste , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Hematócrito , Humanos , Policitemia Vera/sangue , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e16988, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567935

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC), normally located at the lower 1/3rd of the superior vena cava (SVC) and cavo-atrial junction, are commonly used in cancer patients. Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is a vascular anomaly, in patients with which seldom research was reported about PICC implanted. After obtaining written informed consent, we present a case where two successful insertions of PICC were performed in a 50-year-old female patient with PLSVC and right SVC. PATIENTS CONCERNS: The patient had ovarian cancer and was admitted for chemotherapy using PICC. DIAGNOSES: Ovarian cancer and PLSVC. INTERVENTIONS AND OUTCOMES: Following insertion of PICC in PLSVC, thrombosis developed. PICC was removed after routine anticoagulation therapy. Owing to tumor recurrence, a second PICC was inserted in the right SVC without any complications. LESSONS: PICC insertion in PLSVC for chemotherapy may be associated with an increased risk of deep venous thrombosis of the upper extremity. A right catheter insertion in patient with PLSVC was preferred.


Assuntos
Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Malformações Vasculares/complicações , Veia Cava Superior/anormalidades , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Braço , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/complicações , Neoplasias Ovarianas/complicações , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Venosa/etiologia
14.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 28(11): 104364, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521516

RESUMO

A 48-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of headache and fever. She was diagnosed with aseptic meningitis. Five days later, she had a seizure and developed left hemiparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging showed hyperintensity in the right parietal area on fluid attenuated inversion recovery imaging. She was diagnosed as having cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) because the suprasagittal sinus was invisible on the venographic studies. Moreover, deep venous thrombosis (DVT) was detected in her left lower extremity. Laboratory findings showed hyperthyroidism and markedly increased factor VIII activity. This is a rare case of concomitant CVT and DVT induced by high factor VIII activity due to hyperthyroidism under the presence of meningitis, an additional risk factor for thrombosis.


Assuntos
Coagulação Sanguínea , Fator VIII/análise , Hipertireoidismo/complicações , Trombose do Seio Sagital/etiologia , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertireoidismo/sangue , Hipertireoidismo/diagnóstico , Hipertireoidismo/tratamento farmacológico , Iodetos/uso terapêutico , Meningite Asséptica/sangue , Meningite Asséptica/complicações , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Trombose do Seio Sagital/sangue , Trombose do Seio Sagital/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose do Seio Sagital/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento , Regulação para Cima , Trombose Venosa/sangue , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Venosa/tratamento farmacológico
15.
Am J Case Rep ; 20: 1152-1154, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383838

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Renal vein thrombosis is uncommon and can be associated with nephrotic syndrome. It is associated with high patient morbidity , and it may lead to thromboembolic event. CASE REPORT A 44-year-old woman presented with shortness of breath, chest pain and tightness, due to bilateral pulmonary embolism originating from right renal vein thrombosis. The diagnosis was made by transthoracic echocardiography and enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan of chest, abdomen, and pelvis. No underlying diseases were found. She was treated with heparin infusion therapy and rivaroxaban with good clinical outcome. CONCLUSIONS A rare case is presented of isolated unilateral right renal vein thrombosis diagnosed following bilateral pulmonary embolism in a previously healthy 44-year-old woman, which was successfully treated with the DOAC, rivaroxaban.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Embolia Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Veias Renais/patologia , Rivaroxabana/uso terapêutico , Trombose Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Dor no Peito , Dispneia , Feminino , Humanos , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem
16.
Heart Surg Forum ; 22(4): E289-E293, 2019 07 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31398094

RESUMO

Phlegmasia cerulea dolens is an acute fulminating form of extensive venous thrombosis. Limb loss, post-thrombotic syndrome and life-threatening conditions can occur without appropriate management. Treatment methods vary; there presently is no consensus on the best form of treatment. Endovascular procedures have been a good option for treating deep vein thrombosis, yet they may be insufficient for patients suffering from phlegmasia cerulea dolens. Venous thrombectomy with the guidance of venography quickly relieves symptoms, hardly causes complications, yields optimal mid-term results, and can be a justifiable treatment for phlegmasia cerulea dolens.


Assuntos
Perna (Membro)/irrigação sanguínea , Trombectomia/métodos , Trombose Venosa/cirurgia , Angioplastia com Balão/métodos , Embolectomia com Balão/instrumentação , Embolectomia com Balão/métodos , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Veia Femoral , Humanos , Veia Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Perna (Membro)/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Veia Poplítea , Trombectomia/instrumentação , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem
17.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(12): 2231-2237, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446527

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to compare CE-MRV with DANTE-SPACE on a 1.5T MRI system for the diagnosis of DVT. The patients were diagnosed with deep venous thrombosis of the lower extremities based on swelling, pain, and superficial varicose veins of the lower extremities. MRI examination confirmed the diagnosis. DANTE-SPACE images were obtained before the conventional contrast-enhanced MRV, which uses gadolinium. The scanning field started from the end of the inferior vena cava to the end of the ankle, divided into five observation segments, namely, the common iliac vein, external iliac vein, femoral vein, popliteal vein, and calf vein. The DANTE-SPACE and CE-MRV results were used for a consistency analysis. For the DANTE-SPACE and CE-MRV images, the signal intensity ratios of the thrombus/cavity and thrombus/muscle were calculated, and the ratio difference was compared using the paired t test. Twenty-six patients completed the examination; one of the patients underwent a right lower limb amputation, yielding a total of 255 lower limb vascular segments. The analysis of the DANTE-SPACE images showed that there were 14 iliac vein thromboses, 18 external iliac vein thromboses, 23 femoral vein thrombi, 21 popliteal vein thromboses, and 18 calf vein thromboses; these findings were consistent with the diagnostic results of CE-MRV. The ratio of the thrombus/cavity signal intensity measured in the DANTE-SPACE and CE-MRV images were as follows: 20.51 ± 12.96 vs. 0.51 ± 0.46; P < 0.05, n = 51; the difference was statistically significant. The ratio of the thrombus/muscle signal intensity measured on the DANTE-SPACE and CE-MRV images were as follows: 1.74 ± 0.57 vs. 0.99 ± 0.53; P < 0.05, n = 51; the difference was statistically significant. Compared with CE-MRV, DANTE-SPACE showed no significant difference in the ability to detect deep venous thrombosis of the lower extremities. DANTE-SPACE did not use contrast-enhancing agents and showed no evidence of inflammatory enhancement, and the display effect of small diameter veins was slightly poor. However, deep venous thrombosis of the lower extremities presents different levels of high signal in the DANTE-SPACE images, making it easy to identify and diagnose. It can also indicate the different components and age of the thrombus and help with the selection of a more accurate clinical treatment plan. MRI DANTE-SPACE is the preferred imaging modality for patients with deep venous thrombosis who are unable or unwilling to use gadolinium contrast agents.


Assuntos
Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Veia Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Gadolínio DTPA/administração & dosagem , Veia Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Veia Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Varizes/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
18.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 25: 1076029619868534, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434499

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a common complication after stroke. It is easy to identify the patients with symptomatic DVT; however, the tool for asymptomatic high-risk population needs to be further explored. Our aim was to explore the risk factors of acute stroke patients with asymptomatic DVT. METHODS: We performed a prospective observation study among 452 patients with acute stroke who had a stroke within 14 days. Ultrasound examination of deep veins was repeatedly performed in each patient for DVT every 7 days during his admission. The dynamic rate of DVT in acute stroke was analyzed. Then risk factors were compared between DVT patients and non-DVT patients. The predictive model was explored based on thr cox proportion model. RESULTS: Asymptomatic DVT was detected in 52 (11.5%) patients with stroke and 85.9% of thrombi were identified in their distal veins. Patients with longer length of stay (P = .004), more severe stroke (P = 0.001), higher level of D-dimer (P = .003), and higher blood glucose level were associated with higher risk of DVT, while patients with higher triglyceride level (P = .003) were less likely to have DVT, after adjusting age and sex. With the median of D-dimer (0.38 FEU mg/L) as cutoff value. Patients with higher level of D-dimer might have a higher risk of DVT with a significant statistical difference. Also, the severity of stroke differed DVT risk in Kaplan-Meier model. Using cox-proportion hazard regression model, asymptomatic DVT could be predicted (area under the curve 0.852). CONCLUSION: Our data showed that asymptomatic DVT was common in patients with acute stroke and most of thrombosis occurred in distal veins. Combination of clinical manifestation and laboratory results might be helpful predict DVT. DVT prophylaxis should be condisdered in high risk.


Assuntos
Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Idoso , Feminino , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Hospitalização , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Ultrassonografia , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem
19.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 28(11): 104324, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422004

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is plausible that extent of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) may determine clinical severity, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) lesion, and outcome, therefore this study was undertaken. METHODS: A total of 160 CVST patients were included and their clinical details, risk factors, Glasgow Coma Scale score, and parenchymal lesion on MRI were noted. The extent of venous sinus thrombosis on magnetic resonance venography was assessed by using CVST score which was computed giving 1 point for each thrombosed sinus and 3 points to superior sagittal sinus (SSS). Death and outcome at 6 months were assessed using modified Rankin Scale (mRS) as good (≤2) and poor (mRS 3-5). RESULTS: Their median age was 29.5 years, and 76 (47%) were females. The median CVST score was 3 (range 1-9). CVST score did not correlate with clinical severity and risk factors. Insignificantly higher proportion of patients had parenchymal lesion with a CVST score of more than 2 (76.5% versus 64.2%). Superficial venous system thrombosis, however, correlated with seizure, papilloedema, and frontal lobe lesion. Frontal, temporal lesion correlated with SSS thrombosis, frontal and temporal with transverse sinus, temporal and cerebellar involvement in sigmoid, and basal ganglia and thalamus in straight sinus thrombosis. Seventeen patients (11%) died, and at 6 months, 132 (82%) had good and 11 (7%) poor recovery. Death and 6 months outcomes were not related to CVST score. CONCLUSIONS: Extent of CVST does not determine clinical severity, MRI lesion, and outcome. The location of parenchymal lesion however is related to thrombosis of draining sinus.


Assuntos
Angiografia Cerebral/métodos , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Flebografia/métodos , Trombose dos Seios Intracranianos/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Feminino , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Humanos , Índia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Trombose do Seio Sagital/diagnóstico por imagem , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Trombose dos Seios Intracranianos/mortalidade , Trombose dos Seios Intracranianos/terapia , Fatores de Tempo , Trombose Venosa/mortalidade , Trombose Venosa/terapia , Adulto Jovem
20.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 28(11): 104321, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422005

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Brain infarction is a critical complication after lung resection using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. Recent reports have described its association with thrombosis in the pulmonary vein (PV) stump. However, the optimal management of this complication remains controversial. We describe serial 3 cases of brain infarctions associated with thrombosis in the PV stumps, which were successfully treated with the oral Xa inhibitor rivaroxaban. METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 3 patients. The first case was a 72-year-old man who underwent left upper lobectomy for treatment of lung adenocarcinoma. The second case was a 55-year-old man who underwent right lower segmentectomy for treatment of metastatic tumor from Barrett's esophageal carcinoma. The third case was a 73-year-old man who underwent left upper lobectomy for treatment of metastatic tumor from colon adenocarcinoma. In the first case, a large cerebellar infarction was developed and a decompressive craniotomy was performed on postoperative day 4. In the second and the third case, cerebral infarctions in the territories of right middle cerebral arteries occurred on postoperative day 2. In all cases, contrast-enhanced computed tomography demonstrated the thrombi in the stumps of the PVs. They were treated with oral administration of rivaroxaban without adverse effect, and the thrombi in the PVs disappeared within 1 month. DISCUSSION: Blood flow stasis in the long PV stump after lung resection might contribute to thrombosis development. Oral Xa inhibitor rivaroxaban appeared to be safe and useful for the management of ischemic stroke associated with PV thrombosis after lung resection.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores do Fator Xa/administração & dosagem , Pneumonectomia/efeitos adversos , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Rivaroxabana/administração & dosagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Trombose Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Oral , Idoso , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia , Craniectomia Descompressiva , Inibidores do Fator Xa/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Veias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rivaroxabana/efeitos adversos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Venosa/etiologia
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