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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(6): e18996, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028410

RESUMO

Upper extremity vein thrombosis (UE-VT) are more and more frequent pathologies and yet little studied. The aim is to describe the clinical and ultrasound features, UE-VT-related diseases, and the prevalence of pulmonary embolism (PE) and associated deaths.All UE-VT patients diagnosed by Doppler-ultrasound in Nantes University Hospital, from January 2015 to December 2017, were included retrospectively. UE-VT suspicion patterns, clinical features, UE-VT topography, and prevalence of PE and death were analyzed.Seven hundred and fifty-five UE-VT were analyzed, including 427 deep thrombosis (UE-DVT) and 328 superficial thrombosis (UE-SVT). In 86.2% (n = 651) UE-VT were related to endovascular devices. Among these thrombosis, one third is in connection with a PICC LINE and one quarter with a peripheral venous line. Forty nine percent (n = 370) of the patients had solid neoplasia or hematological malignancies. An inflammatory or systemic infectious context was found in 40.8% (n = 308) of the cases. The most frequently observed clinical sign at the UE-VT diagnosis was edema (28.6%). Among the UE-SVT it was the presence of an indurated cord (33.2%) and among the UE-DVT the indication of the Doppler-ultrasound was mainly a suspicion of infection on endovascular device (35.1%). In 10.6% (n = 80) of the cases the UE-VT were asymptomatic. The most frequently thrombosed veins were brachial basilic veins (16.7% of all thrombosed segments) followed by jugular (13%) and subclavian (12.3%) veins; 61.3% (n = 463) of UE-VT were in the right upper extremity; 63.3% (n = 478) UE-VT were occlusive. The occurrence of PE is 4% and the death rate is 10.2%, mainly related to the severe comorbidities of patients with UE-VT.UE-VT occurs in particular clinical contexts (hematological malignancies, solid cancers, systemic infections) and in the majority of endovascular devices (86.2%). The occurrence of PE is low.


Assuntos
Braço/irrigação sanguínea , Trombose/diagnóstico , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Embolia Pulmonar/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombose/complicações , Trombose/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose/mortalidade , Ultrassonografia , Trombose Venosa/complicações , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Venosa/mortalidade
2.
J Clin Pathol ; 73(1): 7-13, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422373

RESUMO

AIMS: Hereditary protein S (PS) deficiency is one of the natural anticoagulant deficiencies causing thrombophilia. We herein described a young male with recurrent deep venous thrombosis, who was diagnosed as type I PS deficiency with compound heterozygous mutations of PROS1 gene. We aimed to analyse the relationship between the genotype and phenotype detection and investigate the pathological mechanisms of PROS1 mutations causing PS deficiency. METHODS: Genetic analysis of PROS1 gene was carried out by direct sequencing. Thrombin generation potential and the inhibition function of thrombin generation by plasma PS were detected by thrombin generation test (TGT). The mRNA transcription level of mutant PS in vitro was measured by real-time PCR, while the protein level was evaluated by western blot and ELISA. Cellular distribution of the protein was further analysed by immunofluorescence. RESULTS: Compound heterozygous mutations (PROS1 c.1551_1552delinsG, p.Thr518Argfs*39 and PROS1 c.1681C>T, p.Arg561Trp) were identified in the propositus, and the former one was a novel small indel mutation. TGT results showed impaired inhibition of thrombin generation with the addition of activated protein C in his parents with certain heterozygous mutations. In vitro expression study, p.Thr518Argfs*39 mutant produced truncated protein retained in the cytoplasm, while p.Arg561Trp mutant partially affected the secretion of PS. Both mutations are located in C-terminal sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG)-like domain of PS. CONCLUSIONS: Compound heterozygous mutations identified in the study have strong detrimental effect, causing severe type I PS deficiency in the propositus. SHBG-like domain of PS might play an important role in PS secretion system.


Assuntos
Coagulação Sanguínea/genética , Proteínas Sanguíneas/genética , Heterozigoto , Mutação , Deficiência de Proteína S/genética , Trombose Venosa/genética , Adulto , Proteínas Sanguíneas/metabolismo , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Deficiência de Proteína S/sangue , Deficiência de Proteína S/diagnóstico , Recidiva , Via Secretória , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Trombina/metabolismo , Trombose Venosa/sangue , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico
3.
J Surg Res ; 245: 212-216, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421365

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis are common clinical entities, and the related malpractice suits affect all medical subspecialties. Claims from malpractice litigation were analyzed to understand the demographics of these lawsuits and the common reasons for pursuing litigation. METHODS: Cases entered into the Westlaw database from March 5, 1987, to May 31, 2018, were reviewed. Search terms included "pulmonary embolism" and "deep vein thrombosis." RESULTS: A total of 277 cases were identified. The most frequently identified defendant was an internist (including family practitioner; 33%), followed by an emergency physician (18%), an orthopedic surgeon (16%), and an obstetrician/gynecologist (9%). The most common etiology for pulmonary embolism was prior surgery (41%). The most common allegation was "failure to diagnose and treat" in 62%. Other negligence included the failure to administer prophylactic anticoagulation while in the hospital (18%), failure to prescribe anticoagulation on discharge (8%), failure to administer anticoagulation after diagnosis (8%), and premature discontinuation of anticoagulation (2%). The most frequently claimed injury was death in 222 cases (80%). Verdicts were found for the defendant in 57% of cases and for the plaintiff in 27% and settled in 16%. CONCLUSIONS: The most frequently cited negligent act was the failure to give prophylactic anticoagulation, even after discharge. The trends noted in this study may potentially be addressed and therefore prevented by systems-based practice changes. The most common allegation, "failure to diagnose and treat," suggests that first-contact doctors such as emergency physicians and primary care practitioners must maintain a high index of suspicion for deep vein thrombosis/pulmonary embolism.


Assuntos
Falha da Terapia de Resgate/estatística & dados numéricos , Imperícia/estatística & dados numéricos , Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Embolia Pulmonar/terapia , Trombose Venosa/terapia , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Bases de Dados Factuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Diagnóstico Tardio/economia , Diagnóstico Tardio/legislação & jurisprudência , Diagnóstico Tardio/estatística & dados numéricos , Falha da Terapia de Resgate/economia , Falha da Terapia de Resgate/legislação & jurisprudência , Humanos , Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido/legislação & jurisprudência , Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido/estatística & dados numéricos , Imperícia/economia , Médicos/economia , Médicos/legislação & jurisprudência , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Embolia Pulmonar/mortalidade , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Trombose Venosa/mortalidade
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e16988, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567935

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC), normally located at the lower 1/3rd of the superior vena cava (SVC) and cavo-atrial junction, are commonly used in cancer patients. Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is a vascular anomaly, in patients with which seldom research was reported about PICC implanted. After obtaining written informed consent, we present a case where two successful insertions of PICC were performed in a 50-year-old female patient with PLSVC and right SVC. PATIENTS CONCERNS: The patient had ovarian cancer and was admitted for chemotherapy using PICC. DIAGNOSES: Ovarian cancer and PLSVC. INTERVENTIONS AND OUTCOMES: Following insertion of PICC in PLSVC, thrombosis developed. PICC was removed after routine anticoagulation therapy. Owing to tumor recurrence, a second PICC was inserted in the right SVC without any complications. LESSONS: PICC insertion in PLSVC for chemotherapy may be associated with an increased risk of deep venous thrombosis of the upper extremity. A right catheter insertion in patient with PLSVC was preferred.


Assuntos
Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Malformações Vasculares/complicações , Veia Cava Superior/anormalidades , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Braço , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/complicações , Neoplasias Ovarianas/complicações , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Venosa/etiologia
5.
Chemotherapy ; 64(3): 163-166, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655804

RESUMO

Carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9) is a well-known tumor marker of adenocarcinoma (reference range, 37 U/mL). It can also be used, together with computed tomography, to monitor responses and resistance to chemotherapy in cancer patients. False elevation of CA 19-9 levels is often seen in conditions such as biliary tract obstruction and cholangitis. However, whether medication might induce false elevation of CA 19-9 levels has not yet been reported. A 74-year-old man was treated with third-line CPT-11 (irinotecan) plus panitumumab for stage IV cancer of the ascending colon. The patient developed chemotherapy-induced dysgeusia and was treated with polaprezinc. After polaprezinc administration, his CA 19-9 levels gradually increased from 18.9 to 1,699.4 U/mL. He developed deep vein thrombosis (DVT), although it was not associated with progressive disease or metastasis. Upon discontinuation of polaprezinc, CA 19-9 levels gradually decreased. This case demonstrates that polaprezinc may not only induce false elevation of CA 19-9 levels but also cause development of DVT induced by increased CA 19-9 levels, both of which are very rare events.


Assuntos
Antígeno CA-19-9/metabolismo , Carnosina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Disgeusia/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Organometálicos/uso terapêutico , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carnosina/efeitos adversos , Carnosina/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Disgeusia/complicações , Disgeusia/diagnóstico , Veia Femoral , Humanos , Masculino , Compostos Organometálicos/efeitos adversos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Compostos de Zinco/efeitos adversos , Compostos de Zinco/uso terapêutico
6.
Anticancer Res ; 39(9): 5019-5026, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519609

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is a life-threatening complication after hepatectomy. However, the relationship between postoperative PVT and morphometric features of the PV has not been fully elucidated yet. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 81 patients who underwent hepatectomy for perihilar cholangio-carcinoma (PHCC) were studied. We investigated the diameters and angles of PV using pre- and postoperative computed tomography (CT) reconstructed by SYNAPSE VINCENT®. RESULTS: The incidence of PVT after hepatectomy was 11.1%. There were significant differences with respect to the remnant liver PV diameter (p=0.015), the diameter ratio (p=0.001), and the postoperative PV angle (p=0.001) between patients with and without PVT. Multivariate analysis revealed that a postoperative PV angle of less than 90° (p=0.008) and a diameter ratio of less than 45% (p=0.041) were independent risk factors for PVT. CONCLUSION: A postoperative PV angle of less than 90° and diameter ratio of less than 45% eventually lead to PVT after hepatectomy for PHCC.


Assuntos
Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Tumor de Klatskin/complicações , Tumor de Klatskin/cirurgia , Veia Porta/patologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Gerenciamento Clínico , Feminino , Hepatectomia/métodos , Humanos , Imagem Tridimensional , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Veia Porta/anatomia & histologia , Veia Porta/diagnóstico por imagem , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(37): e17103, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517841

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To assess whether the ultrasound (US) is a reliable approach in detecting lower-limb deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) in patients without symptoms of DVT. METHODS: The research team performed a systematic search in PubMed, Ovid, Cochrane, and Web of Science without language or date restrictions. Full-text reports on prospective diagnostic studies involve the detection of lower-limb proximal and distal DVT in patients without symptoms of DVT using US and venography. A meta-analysis was performed using Meta-DiSc (version 1.4), providing the pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive (LR+) and negative (LR-) likelihood ratios of the detection accuracy of US. There were 4 different classes of subgroup analysis-the class of patients stratified by location of US exam (proximal, distal, whole leg), the class stratified by technique (color/doppler, compression, both modalities), the class stratified by kind of surgery (orthopedic, otherwise hospitalized) and the class stratified by era of publishing (1980s, 1990s, 2000s). The study quality and the risk of bias were evaluated using QUADAS-2, with heterogeneity was assessed and quantified by the Q score and I statistics, respectively. RESULTS: The meta-analysis included 26 articles containing 41 individual studies with a total of 3951 patients without symptoms of DVT. Using venography as the gold standard, US for proximal DVT had a pooled sensitivity of 59% (95% confidence interval (CI) = 51%-66%) and a pooled specificity of 98% (95% CI = 97%-98%), US for distal DVT had a poor sensitivity of 43% (95% CI = 38%-48%) and a pooled specificity of 95% (95% CI = 94%-96%), US for whole-leg DVT had a pooled sensitivity of 59% (95% CI = 54%-64%) and a pooled specificity of 95% (95% CI = 94%-96%), US for post-major orthopedic surgery patients had a pooled sensitivity of 52% (95% CI = 49%-55%), and US for other types of patients had a pooled sensitivity of 58% (95% CI = 43%-72%). Pure compression technique for DVT had a poor sensitivity of 43% (95% CI = 39%-48%), pure color/doppler technique for DVT had a pooled sensitivity of 58% (95% CI = 53%-63%), compression and color/doppler technique for DVT had a pooled sensitivity of 61% (95% CI = 48%-74%). CONCLUSION: US could be a useful tool for diagnosing DVT, but it has a lower positive rate and a higher false negative rate. The rate of missed diagnosis of lower-limb DVT by US amounts to 50% or so in the patients without symptoms of DVT. The negative results do not preclude the possibility of DVT and if appropriate heightened surveillance and continued monitoring or try a more accurate inspection method is warranted. The whole leg evaluation and color/doppler technique should be the preferred approach.


Assuntos
Diagnóstico Tardio , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Ultrassonografia/normas , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior/fisiopatologia , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Ultrassonografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Trombose Venosa/epidemiologia
8.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 25: 1076029619872550, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496267

RESUMO

Unusual site deep vein thrombosis (USDVT) is an uncommon form of venous thromboembolism with heterogeneous signs and symptoms, unknown rate of pulmonary embolism (PE), and poorly defined risk factors. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 107 consecutive cases of USDVTs, discharged from our University Hospital over a period of 2 years. Patients were classified based on the site of thrombosis and distinguished between patients with cerebral vein thrombosis, jugular vein thrombosis, thrombosis of the deep veins of the upper extremities, and abdominal vein thrombosis. We found statistically significant differences between groups in terms of age (P < .0001) and gender distribution (P < .05). We also found that the rate of symptomatic patients was significantly different between groups (P < .0001). Another interesting finding was the significant difference between groups in terms of rate of PE (P < .01). Finally, we found statistically significant differences between groups in terms of risk factors for thrombosis, in particular cancer (P < .01). Unprovoked cases were differently distributed among groups (P < .0001). This study highlights differences between patients with USDVT, which depend on the site of thrombosis, and provides data which might be useful in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Embolia Pulmonar , Trombose Venosa/classificação , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico , Trombose Venosa/patologia
9.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 144(3): 409e-418e, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31461018

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Flap blood glucose decreases when flap congestion occurs. The hypothesis that flap blood glucose works as an indicator for venous congestion was tested experimentally, and flap congestion was reproduced in rodent models. METHODS: Blood glucose levels of a rat abdominal skin flap, with or without its vein pedicle clamped, were checked before and every 10 minutes after flap elevation. In rats whose pedicle vein was shut off, it was further followed up every 5 minutes after declamping. To examine the effect of systemic blood glucose on flap blood glucose, in some rats, glucose solution was administered intraperitoneally before the experiment to artificially produce hyperglycemia. Forty-two rats were divided into four groups, with (n = 24) or without (n = 18) venous blockage and with (n = 20) or without (n = 22) glucose preloading. RESULTS: Flap blood glucose decreased rapidly to off-scale low (<20 mg/dl) within 40 minutes only when the vein pedicle was shut off in normoglycemic (40 ± 8.2 minutes, mean ± SD) and hyperglycemic (40 ± 9.9 minutes) rat groups (p < 0.01). There was no significant difference in the time taken for the flap blood glucose to decrease to off-scale low after venous blockage between both groups (p = 0.379). When the vein was declamped, flap blood glucose again rapidly returned to the systemic level in 15 minutes or earlier in both groups (p = 0.0283). CONCLUSIONS: Flap blood glucose sensitively and specifically reflects the state of vein occlusion, whether the systemic blood glucose is normal or high. The authors' results indicate that flap blood glucose works as a reliable indicator for the venous system.


Assuntos
Glicemia/análise , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/efeitos adversos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/patologia , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Animais , Necrose/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Ratos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Pele/irrigação sanguínea , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/irrigação sanguínea , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/transplante , Veias , Trombose Venosa/sangue , Trombose Venosa/etiologia
10.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 37 Suppl 121(6): 147-151, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376249

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To report our experiences of the juvenile Behçet's disease (BD) patients with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) and to review previous studies reporting the clinical characteristics and outcomes of juvenile BD with CVST. METHODS: Clinical characteristics and outcomes of paediatric patients with CVST who met the Paediatric Behçet's Disease (PEDBD) classification criteria for juvenile BD from 3 referral centres in Turkey were reviewed retrospectively. A systematic review of literature of all published data was conducted. RESULTS: The study group consisted of 12 juvenile BD patients with CVST. At the time of CVST diagnosis, the most common symptom was headache (100%), followed by vomiting (25%), blurred vision (16.7%), and disturbances in eye movements (16.7%). Six (50%) patients presented with CVST. Transverse sinus was the most frequently affected sinus (9/12, 75%) followed by superior sagittal sinus. The mean (±2SD) BDCAF at the CVST diagnosis was 6 (±3.8). Four children (33.3%) had another venous thrombosis apart from CVST. All patients received pulse methylprednisolone for three consecutive days continued with oral prednisolone. Steroid treatment was tapered and discontinued minimum in six months. Eleven patients received azathioprine concomitant to steroid treatment at the time of CVST. All the patients received anticoagulant therapy concomitantly. Only one patient who did not receive azathioprine relapsed. Median follow-up period was 4 years (IQR: 2-5.4). In the literature review, we identified nine articles, describing 35 pediatric CVST patients associated with BD. Thirty patients achieved remission, while five patients had residual neurologic deficit. CONCLUSIONS: Neuroimaging is very important in the diagnosis of NBD. We suggest that treatment with immunosuppressants and steroid treatment is essential to decrease the adverse events of corticosteroids in the pediatric population and decrease relapses. Further multicenter studies with prospective follow-up may guide us in better management of these patients.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Behçet , Trombose dos Seios Intracranianos , Trombose Venosa , Adolescente , Síndrome de Behçet/complicações , Síndrome de Behçet/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Behçet/tratamento farmacológico , Criança , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombose dos Seios Intracranianos/diagnóstico , Trombose dos Seios Intracranianos/tratamento farmacológico , Turquia , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico , Trombose Venosa/tratamento farmacológico
11.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 14(1): 235, 2019 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31337430

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Excessive blood loss caused by total joint arthroplasty (TJA) often increases the requirement for blood transfusion, which is associated with adverse outcomes. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between perioperative transfusion and postoperative DVT in TJA. METHODS: This retrospective study reviewed medical records of 715 patients, who consecutively underwent primary unilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA) or total hip arthroplasty (THA) at our institution between September 2015 and March 2017. Demographic, clinical and surgical parameters were introduced into the univariate analysis to find risk factors for DVT within postoperative 30 days. In order to identify if allogenic blood transfusion was independently associated with DVT, a multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to adjust for gender, age, body mass index (BMI), diagnosis, and type of surgery. RESULTS: The incidence of perioperative allogenic blood transfusion was 12.4% (n = 89). Fifty-seven patients (8.0%) developed DVT after surgery. Univariate analysis demonstrated that there were differences between DVT group and non-DVT group in gender (P = 0.045), age (P < 0.001), BMI (P = 0.026), primary diagnosis (P = 0.001), type of surgery (P < 0.001), and transfusion rates (P = 0.040). After adjustment by using multivariate logistic regression analysis, transfusion appeared to be the independent risk factor for DVT in TJA (P = 0.001; OR = 3.9, 95%CI 1.8-8.4). CONCLUSION: We found that perioperative allogenic blood transfusion was significantly associated with DVT following TJA. In order to reduce the risk of DVT and other adverse outcomes, methods to decrease transfusion rates should be used in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/tendências , Artroplastia do Joelho/tendências , Transfusão de Sangue/tendências , Assistência Perioperatória/tendências , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Trombose Venosa/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Assistência Perioperatória/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
12.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 32(3): 157-197, jul.-set. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1006549
14.
Med J Aust ; 210(11): 516-524, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31155730

RESUMO

Diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) requires a multifaceted approach that includes clinical assessment, evaluation of pre-test probability, and objective diagnostic testing. Common symptoms and signs of DVT are pain, swelling, erythema and dilated veins in the affected limb. The pre-test probability of DVT can be assessed using a clinical decision rule that stratifies DVT into "unlikely" or "likely". If DVT is "unlikely", refer for D-dimer test. If the D-dimer level is normal, DVT can be excluded; if the D-dimer level is increased, refer for compression ultrasound. If DVT is "likely", refer for compression ultrasound. When DVT is confirmed, anticoagulation is indicated to control symptoms, prevent progression and reduce the risk of post-thrombotic syndrome and pulmonary embolism. Anticoagulation may consist of a parenteral anticoagulant overlapped by warfarin or followed by a direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) (dabigatran or edoxaban), or of a DOAC (apixaban or rivaroxaban) without initial parenteral therapy. DOACs are the preferred treatment for DVT because they are at least as effective, safer and more convenient than warfarin. DOACs may require dose reduction or avoidance in patients with renal dysfunction, and should be avoided in pregnancy. Recent evidence shows that DVT in patients with cancer may be treated with edoxaban (after discontinuation of 5 days of initial heparin or low molecular weight heparin [LMWH]) or rivaroxaban if patients prefer not to have daily injections of LMWH, but the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding is higher with DOACs than with LMWH in patients with gastrointestinal cancer.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/uso terapêutico , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico , Trombose Venosa/terapia , Administração Oral , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Progressão da Doença , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/induzido quimicamente , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Neoplasias/complicações , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Embolia Pulmonar/terapia , Trombose Venosa/sangue
15.
BMJ Case Rep ; 12(6)2019 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31160302

RESUMO

Although not frequent, thromboembolic events occurring in patient presenting tuberculosis may be observed. Frequency of such thromboembolic events seems correlated with the severity of tuberculosis. We herein report a case of venous thrombosis revealing an asymptomatic tuberculosis. A man aged 32 years was admitted for deep and superficial vein thrombosis of the left arm. Chest CT angiography ruled out pulmonary embolism and showed a mediastinal and pulmonary heterogeneous necrotic mass at the apical segment of the left lung. Histological study of a CT scan-guided pulmonary biopsy showed signs of caseating granuloma compatible with tuberculosis. Diagnosis of venous thrombosis due to pulmonary tuberculosis with lymph nodes involvement was made. Antituberculosis treatment was initiated and required an adjustment of anticoagulant therapy. Our observation highlights the possibility of causative effect between tuberculosis and venous thrombosis.


Assuntos
Veia Axilar , Veia Subclávia , Tuberculose Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico , Adulto , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Antituberculosos/administração & dosagem , Antituberculosos/uso terapêutico , Braço/irrigação sanguínea , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Masculino , Tuberculose Pulmonar/complicações , Tuberculose Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Tuberculose Pulmonar/patologia , Trombose Venosa/complicações , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(23): e15874, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31169692

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Pulmonary artery sarcomas (PAS) are easily misdiagnosed as thromboembolic disease of pulmonary arteries, because of rarity and presenting with nonspecific signs, symptoms, or imaging findings. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 26-year-old man was admitted to the department of invasive technology with fever and dyspnea. Blood tests showed inflammatory activity, a slight increase of D-dimer and Fibrin Degradation Product. A chest enhanced computed tomography (CT) scanning revealed multiple filling defects occurred in the main trunk of both pulmonary arteries and branches of the left pulmonary artery DIAGNOSES:: It was initially diagnosed with pulmonary embolism (PE) and deep vein thrombosis (DVT), but was eventually diagnosed with pulmonary artery sarcoma that was confirmed by biopsy. INTERVENTIONS: The transcatheter thrombolysis therapy, inferior vena cava filter implantation, and operation were performed. OUTCOMES: The Organized mass was removed by the operation and was pathologically diagnosed as pulmonary artery sarcoma, the patient received postoperative chemotherapy according to the recommendation of oncology department. LESSONS: Coagulation markers have been reported to differentiate PAS from PE, but this case suggested that PAS can be associated with DVT and abnormal coagulation-fibrinolysis system.


Assuntos
Artéria Pulmonar/patologia , Sarcoma/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Vasculares/diagnóstico , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico , Adulto , Erros de Diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Trombólise Mecânica , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Sarcoma/patologia , Sarcoma/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Neoplasias Vasculares/patologia , Neoplasias Vasculares/cirurgia , Filtros de Veia Cava , Trombose Venosa/terapia
17.
Intern Med ; 58(20): 3051-3055, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243218

RESUMO

A 45-year-old man was admitted with acute abdominal pain and eosinophilia. Abdominal computed tomography revealed thickness of the ascending and transverse colon with decreased contrast enhancement and a small amount of ascites. In an emergency operation, the necrotic colon was resected. Histopathology showed subserous medium-sized arteritis with abundant eosinophil infiltrates and thrombosis in the portal vein branches. He was diagnosed with polyarteritis nodosa (PAN), and immunosuppressive therapy improved his condition. Two years later, the disease recurred with ischemic cutaneous lesions and marked eosinophilia. Our experience suggests that marked eosinophilia in PAN may imply severe organ involvement, including gastrointestinal necrosis, as well as the association of venous thrombosis.


Assuntos
Eosinofilia/diagnóstico , Gastroenteropatias/etiologia , Poliarterite Nodosa/diagnóstico , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Eosinofilia/complicações , Gastroenteropatias/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Poliarterite Nodosa/complicações , Recidiva , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico
18.
Curr Pain Headache Rep ; 23(7): 47, 2019 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31147848

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a neurovascular disease caused by a thrombotic occlusion of either a dural sinus or cerebral vein. CVT results in a variety of neurological symptoms with the most common being headache. The purpose of this review is to characterize CVT, describe the headache pattern, and, finally, provide an update to date review of diagnostic and treatment options for this condition. RECENT FINDINGS: CVT is a very difficult disease to diagnose due to the variability in both patient presentation and imaging findings. Recent literature has attempted to standardize its risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment modalities. Additionally, new laboratory studies are being investigated for CVT patients who present with isolated headaches. CVT is a debilitating disease requiring immediate medical or surgical intervention. Because the disease can mask as a multitude of neurological deficits, patients are not properly diagnosed. Headache is the most common patient presentation. The quality of this headache is highly variable with no specific location or pattern. New literature has provided insight into potential diagnostic and treatment options for CVT patients. However, further large-scale cohort studies are necessary to standardize the care for this disease.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Cefaleia , Trombose Intracraniana , Trombose Venosa , Encéfalo/irrigação sanguínea , Diagnóstico por Imagem/métodos , Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Cefaleia/terapia , Humanos , Trombose Intracraniana/diagnóstico , Trombose Intracraniana/terapia , Fatores de Risco , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico , Trombose Venosa/terapia
19.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 560, 2019 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31182065

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with inferior vena cava (IVC) involvement is a rare disease with poor prognosis. This study aimed to evaluate the outcome of HCC patients receiving radiotherapy (RT) to IVC tumor thrombus. METHODS: A total of 42 consecutive HCC patients treated with RT to IVC tumor thrombus between September 2007 and October 2018 were enrolled. Overall survival (OS), the response of IVC thrombus, prognostic factors and failure pattern were assessed. RESULTS: The median follow-up time was 4.4 months. The median RT equivalent dose in 2-Gy fractions was 48.75 Gy (range, 3.25-67.10). The objective response rate of IVC thrombus was 47.6% (95% confidence interval [CI], 33.3-64.3%). The OS rate at 1 year was 30.0%, with a median OS of 6.6 months (95% CI, 3.7-9.5) from the start of RT. On multivariate analysis, Child-Pugh class, lymph node metastasis, lung metastasis and objective response of IVC thrombus were independent predictors for OS. Lung was the most common site of first progression in 14 (33.3%) patients. For 32 patients without lung metastasis before RT, use of systemic treatment concurrent with and/or after RT was associated with a significantly longer lung metastasis-free survival (5.9 vs. 1.5 months, p = 0.0033). CONCLUSIONS: RT is effective for IVC tumor thrombus of HCC with acceptable adverse effects. RT might be a treatment option incorporated into combination therapy for HCC involving IVC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/radioterapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/radioterapia , Veia Cava Inferior/patologia , Trombose Venosa/radioterapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Metástase Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico , Trombose Venosa/mortalidade
20.
Am J Case Rep ; 20: 886-895, 2019 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31230060

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Systemic vasculitides constitute heterogenous conditions affecting many organs and systems through blood vessel inflammation. Although there are some classifications for vasculitis, several vasculitides are "unclassified" because they cannot be clearly assigned to one of the known entities. CASE REPORT We report an autopsy case of a 67-year-old Japanese man who presented with fever, ocular pain, erythema, chest pain, and headache. The disease caused episcleritis, thrombophlebitis, extensive deep vein thrombosis, multiple pulmonary nodules and masses, hypertrophic pachymeningitis, and hyper-intensity areas in brain parenchyma on magnetic resonance images. Histopathology of the pulmonary nodule confirmed vasculitis affecting medium-to-small veins and arteries without necrotizing vasculitis or granulomatous inflammation. We diagnosed the patient with unclassified vasculitis based on the clinicopathological characteristics. Steroids in combination with immunosuppressants were used, but the disease was refractory and relapsing. The disease activity was eventually controlled with rituximab, but the patient died of bronchopneumonia. On autopsy, lung and brain findings indicated healed vascular inflammation. CONCLUSIONS This is the first case report of unclassified vasculitis, which is characterized as medium-to-small-sized arteritis and phlebitis, causing episcleritis, thrombophlebitis, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary vasculitis, and intracranial vasculitis. The clinical conditions share some similarities with granulomatosis with polyangiitis and Behçet's disease; however, they meet no classification criteria of any specific vasculitis. More cases need to be analyzed to confirm our findings.


Assuntos
Esclerite/diagnóstico , Tromboflebite/diagnóstico , Vasculite/diagnóstico , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico , Idoso , Autopsia , Evolução Fatal , Humanos , Masculino , Esclerite/complicações , Esclerite/terapia , Tromboflebite/complicações , Tromboflebite/terapia , Vasculite/complicações , Vasculite/terapia , Trombose Venosa/complicações , Trombose Venosa/terapia
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