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1.
Trials ; 21(1): 920, 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33176886

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The primary objective is to test if heparin added to a standard regional anticoagulation protocol based on citrate is able to reduce dialysis circuit losses by clotting without increasing the risk of thrombocytopenia or bleeding, in patients with COVID-19 with acute kidney injury requiring dialysis. TRIAL DESIGN: Randomized, parallel-group, open-label trial, with two arms (ratio 1:1) comparing different continuous renal replacement therapy anticoagulation strategies. PARTICIPANTS: Eligibility conditions: All ICU patients of University of Sao Paulo General Hospital (Hospital das Clínicas), Brazil will be screened for eligibility conditions. Adults (> 18 years old) with confirmed COVID-19 and acute kidney injury requiring dialysis with agreement between ICU and nephrology teams for the introduction of renal continuous replacement therapy in daily ICU rounds. Continuous renal replacement therapy will be prescribed by consulting nephrologists based on standard clinical guidelines, including acute kidney injury with hemodynamic instability plus hyperkalemia, severe acidosis, volume overload, respiratory distress, multiorgan failure or some combination of these factors. DATA COLLECTION: Patients demographics and associated clinical data and comorbidities will be recorded at ICU entry. Demographic information will include the patient's age, sex, and admission dates. Clinical data comprise comorbidities, APACHE 2, SAPS 3, need for mechanical ventilation, and use of vasopressor drugs. Physiological data collected by the day of CRRT start will be vital signs, the arterial oxygen tension/fraction of inspired oxygen (PaO2/FiO2) index, and serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, bilirubin, hemoglobin, hematocrit, platelets, white blood cell count levels and Peak D-dimer levels. Patients will be analyzed for the first 72h of CRRT, and they will be evaluated regarding clinical variables, filter patency and any adverse events that could be related to the anticoagulation choice, as bleeding (mild or major) or low platelets counts (<100.000 ui/uL) during treatment period. Mild and major bleeding will be defined by hemorrhagic event without clinical impact or hemoglobin (Hb) fall lesser than 1g/dL and hemorrhagic event with clinical impact or Hb fall higher than 1g/dL, respectively. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Hypersensitivity to any of the substances going to be used in the study (Citric acid dextrosol 2.2% and unfractionated heparin); Previous diagnosis of coagulopathy or thrombophilia; Contraindication to the use of unfractionated heparin; Risk of citrate poisoning - (Lactate> 30 mg/dL, international normalized ratio > 2.5, Total bilirubin> 15 mg/dL); Pregnancy; Patients unlikely to survive for more than 24 hours. The trial is being undertaken at the University of Sao Paulo General Hospital (Hospital das Clinicas), Brazil. INTERVENTION AND COMPARATOR: Group A (control) - Patients on continuous renal replacement therapy (blood flow 150 ml/min, dose of 30 mL/Kg/h) receiving anticoagulation with sodium citrate at 4 mmol/L Group B (experiment): Patients on continuous hemodialysis (blood flow 150 mL/min, dose of 30 mL/Kg/h) receiving anticoagulation with sodium citrate at 4 mmol/L associated with unfractionated heparin at 10 U/Kg/h. MAIN OUTCOMES: The percentage of clotted dialyzers within 72 hours in each of the studied groups (Primary outcome) Secondary outcomes: Number of dialyzers used in the first 72 hours of dialysis protocol, Mortality in the first 72 h of dialysis protocol, Bleeding events (Major or minor) in the first 72 h of dialysis protocol, Thrombocytopenia (less than 50.000 platelets) proportion in the first 72 h of dialysis protocol, Dialysis efficiency (Urea sieving) - variation in urea sieving between the first, second and third days of dialysis protocol, Continuous renal replacement therapy pressures (Arterial, Venous, dialysate and pre-filter pressure) in the first 72 h of dialysis protocol, in-hospital mortality. RANDOMIZATION: RedCap→ randomization - 2 blocks randomization by D-dimer level (5000ng/dL cut-off) and catheter site (Right Internal Jugular versus other sites) with 1:1 allocation ratio. BLINDING (MASKING): No blinding - Open label format NUMBERS TO BE RANDOMIZED (SAMPLE SIZE): Total number of patients 90 (45 per group) TRIAL STATUS: Trial version 2.0 - ongoing recruitment. First recruitment: June 29, 2020 Estimated date for last recruitment: December 31, 2020 TRIAL REGISTRATION: Responsible Party: University of Sao Paulo General Hospital (Hospital das Clinicas) ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04487990 , registered July 27, 2020, ReBec www.ensaiosclinicos.gov.br/rg/RBR-45kf9p/ Other Study ID Numbers: U1111-1252-0194 FULL PROTOCOL: The full protocol is attached as an additional file, accessible from the Trials website (Additional file 1) In the interest in expediting dissemination of this material, the familiar formatting has been eliminated; this Letter serves as a summary of the key elements of the full protocol.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda , Infecções por Coronavirus , Monitoramento de Medicamentos/métodos , Heparina , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Diálise Renal , Trombose/prevenção & controle , Lesão Renal Aguda/etiologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/terapia , Adulto , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Coagulação Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Hemoglobinas/análise , Hemorragia/etiologia , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Heparina/administração & dosagem , Heparina/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Diálise Renal/métodos , Risco Ajustado/métodos , Trombocitopenia/etiologia , Trombocitopenia/prevenção & controle , Trombose/complicações
5.
Anticancer Res ; 40(11): 6465-6471, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33109585

RESUMO

AIM: To assess the utility of the perioperative use of direct oral anticoagulants for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with cancer-associated thrombosis. CASE REPORT: An 83-year-old woman was admitted with a solitary HCC (10-cm diameter), as well as with multiple sites of venous thromboembolism and macroscopic portal vein tumor thrombosis. She had appropriate liver function without viral hepatitis, triple-positive tumor markers, and secondary polycythemia. Edoxaban at 30 mg was initiated 10 days before surgery to remove HCC. Complete remission of the pulmonary embolism and stability of the deep vein thrombosis and massive superior mesenteric vein thrombosis were recognized preoperatively. An extended left hepatectomy was successfully performed. To avoid hemorrhage complications, we used intravenous administration of nafamostat mesylate for 2 days, thereafter we restarted edoxaban. Superior mesenteric vein thrombosis resolved 5 months after surgery. CONCLUSION: Perioperative oral administration of edoxaban was useful in multidisciplinary treatment for a patient with advanced HCC with cancer-associated thrombosis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Fígado/cirurgia , Trombose/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Trombose/complicações , Trombose/patologia , Trombose/cirurgia
6.
J Int Med Res ; 48(9): 300060520955037, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32960106

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The roles of inflammation and hypercoagulation in predicting outcomes of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are unclear. METHODS: Adult patients diagnosed with COVID-19 from 28 January 2020 to 4 March 2020 in Tongji Hospital, Wuhan were recruited. Data on related parameters were collected. Univariate analysis and multivariable binary logistic regression were used to explore predictors of critical illness and mortality. RESULTS: In total, 199 and 44 patients were enrolled in the training and testing sets, respectively. Elevated ferritin, tumor necrosis factor-α and D-dimer and decreased albumin concentration were associated with disease severity. Older age, elevated ferritin and elevated interleukin-6 were associated with 28-day mortality. The FAD-85 score, defined as age + 0.01 * ferritin +D-dimer, was used to predict risk of mortality. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of FAD-85 were 86.4%, 81.8% and 86.4%, respectively. A nomogram was established using age, ferritin and D-dimer to predict the risk of 28-day mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Thrombo-inflammatory parameters provide key information on the severity and prognosis of COVID-19 and can be used as references for clinical treatment to correct inflammatory and coagulation abnormalities.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Trombose/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada/complicações , Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada/diagnóstico , Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada/virologia , Feminino , Ferritinas/sangue , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Humanos , Interleucina-6/sangue , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Prognóstico , Projetos de Pesquisa , Estudos Retrospectivos , Albumina Sérica/metabolismo , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Análise de Sobrevida , Trombose/complicações , Trombose/diagnóstico , Trombose/virologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
7.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238171, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925924

RESUMO

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an emerging tool for diagnosis and treatment monitoring of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). The current study aims to identify central pulmonary arterial hemodynamic parameters that reflect clinical, cardiac and pulmonary changes after PEA. 31 CTEPH patients, who underwent PEA and received pre- and postoperative MRI, were analyzed retrospectively. Central pulmonary arterial blood flow, lung perfusion and right heart function data were derived from MRI. Mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) and 5-month follow-up six-minute walk-distance (6MWD) were assessed. After PEA, mPAP decreased significantly and patients achieved a higher 6MWD. Central pulmonary arterial blood flow velocities, pulmonary blood flow (PBF) and right ventricular function increased significantly. Two-dimensional (2D) phase-contrast (PC) MRI-derived average mean velocity, maximum mean velocity and deceleration volume changes after PEA correlated with changes of 6MWD and right heart ejection fraction (RVEF). Deceleration volume is a novel 2D PC MRI parameter showing further correlation with PBF changes. In conclusion, 2D PC MRI-derived main pulmonary hemodynamic changes reflect changes of RVEF, PBF and 5-month follow-up 6MWD and may be used for future CTEPH patient monitoring after PEA.


Assuntos
Circulação Coronária , Endarterectomia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/cirurgia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Circulação Pulmonar , Trombose/complicações , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/complicações , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Perioperatório , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Semin Thromb Hemost ; 46(7): 807-814, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882720

RESUMO

The proinflammatory cytokine storm associated with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) negatively affects the hematological system, leading to coagulation activation and endothelial dysfunction and thereby increasing the risk of venous and arterial thrombosis. Coagulopathy has been reported as associated with mortality in people with COVID-19 and is partially reflected by enhanced D-dimer levels. Poor vascular health, which is associated with the cardiometabolic health conditions frequently reported in people with severer forms of COVID-19, might exacerbate the risk of coagulopathy and mortality. Sedentary lifestyles might also contribute to the development of coagulopathy, and physical activity participation has been inherently lowered due to at-home regulations established to slow the spread of this highly infectious disease. It is possible that COVID-19, coagulation, and reduced physical activity may contribute to generate a "perfect storm," where each fuels the other and potentially increases mortality risk. Several pharmaceutical agents are being explored to treat COVID-19, but potential negative consequences are associated with their use. Exercise is known to mitigate many of the identified side effects from the pharmaceutical agents being trialled but has not yet been considered as part of management for COVID-19. From the limited available evidence in people with cardiometabolic health conditions, low- to moderate-intensity exercise might have the potential to positively influence biochemical markers of coagulopathy, whereas high-intensity exercise is likely to increase thrombotic risk. Therefore, low- to moderate-intensity exercise could be an adjuvant therapy for people with mild-to-moderate COVID-19 and reduce the risk of developing severe symptoms of illness that are associated with enhanced mortality.


Assuntos
Coagulação Sanguínea , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Exercício Físico , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/sangue , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Fibrinólise , Hemostasia , Humanos , Inflamação , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Risco , Trombose/sangue , Trombose/complicações
10.
Clin Nucl Med ; 45(11): 902-904, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32910048

RESUMO

We present a case with a pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor and extensive tumor thrombosis in portal venous system. The tumor was first identified on contrast-enhanced CT and later confirmed using Ga-DOTATATE and Ga-NODAGA-LM3 PET/CT. Both tracers demonstrated similar pattern with higher tumor affinity and tumor-to-background ratio using Ga-NODAGA-LM3.


Assuntos
Acetatos , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 1 Anel , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/complicações , Compostos Organometálicos , Veia Porta/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Trombose/complicações , Trombose/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/patologia , Veia Porta/patologia
11.
Clin Nucl Med ; 45(11): 900-901, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32910051

RESUMO

A 69-year-old man with a history of back pain, urinary obstruction, and deep vein thrombosis of both lower extremities 4 years earlier was diagnosed with rectal neuroendocrine tumor, grade 2, Ki-67 index 3%. Ga-DOTANOC PET/CT images showed a left pelvic mass extended to the lumen of the inferior vena cava with a high affinity for somatostatin receptor. A tubular focus of radiotracer accumulation after the course of inferior vena cava with filling defect was suggestive of tumor thrombus.


Assuntos
Tumores Neuroendócrinos/complicações , Compostos Organometálicos , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Neoplasias Retais/complicações , Trombose/complicações , Trombose/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Cava Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Veia Cava Inferior/patologia
12.
Circulation ; 142(12): 1176-1189, 2020 09 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32755393

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus 2 infection causes severe pneumonia (coronavirus disease 2019 [COVID-19]), but the mechanisms of subsequent respiratory failure and complicating renal and myocardial involvement are poorly understood. In addition, a systemic prothrombotic phenotype has been reported in patients with COVID-19. METHODS: A total of 62 subjects were included in our study (n=38 patients with reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction-confirmed COVID-19 and n=24 non-COVID-19 controls). We performed histopathologic assessment of autopsy cases, surface marker-based phenotyping of neutrophils and platelets, and functional assays for platelet, neutrophil functions, and coagulation tests, as well. RESULTS: We provide evidence that organ involvement and prothrombotic features in COVID-19 are linked by immunothrombosis. We show that, in COVID-19, inflammatory microvascular thrombi are present in the lung, kidney, and heart, containing neutrophil extracellular traps associated with platelets and fibrin. Patients with COVID-19 also present with neutrophil-platelet aggregates and a distinct neutrophil and platelet activation pattern in blood, which changes with disease severity. Whereas cases of intermediate severity show an exhausted platelet and hyporeactive neutrophil phenotype, patients severely affected with COVID-19 are characterized by excessive platelet and neutrophil activation in comparison with healthy controls and non-COVID-19 pneumonia. Dysregulated immunothrombosis in severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus 2 pneumonia is linked to both acute respiratory distress syndrome and systemic hypercoagulability. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our data point to immunothrombotic dysregulation as a key marker of disease severity in COVID-19. Further work is necessary to determine the role of immunothrombosis in COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Respiratória/etiologia , Betacoronavirus/genética , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/diagnóstico , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/etiologia , Plaquetas/citologia , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Plaquetas/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Humanos , Rim/patologia , Pulmão/patologia , Neutrófilos/citologia , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/patologia , Pandemias , Fenótipo , Ativação Plaquetária , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Insuficiência Respiratória/diagnóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Trombose/complicações , Trombose/diagnóstico
14.
Clin Obes ; 10(6): e12403, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32857454

RESUMO

Obesity is an emerging independent risk factor for susceptibility to and severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). Previous viral pandemics have shown that obesity, particularly severe obesity (BMI > 40 kg/m2 ), is associated with increased risk of hospitalization, critical care admission and fatalities. In this narrative review, we examine emerging evidence of the influence of obesity on COVID-19, the challenges to clinical management from pulmonary, endocrine and immune dysfunctions in individuals with obesity and identify potential areas for further research. We recommend that people with severe obesity be deemed a vulnerable group for COVID-19; clinical trials of pharmacotherapeutics, immunotherapies and vaccination should prioritize inclusion of people with obesity.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Obesidade/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Betacoronavirus , Comorbidade , Sistema Endócrino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Sistema Imunitário , Pandemias , Sistema Respiratório , Fatores de Risco , Trombose/complicações , Populações Vulneráveis
15.
Platelets ; 31(8): 1085-1089, 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32857624

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a global public health emergency with many clinical facets, and new knowledge about its pathogenetic mechanisms is deemed necessary; among these, there are certainly coagulation disorders. In the history of medicine, autopsies and tissue sampling have played a fundamental role in order to understand the pathogenesis of emerging diseases, including infectious ones; compared to the past, histopathology can be now expanded by innovative techniques and modern technologies. For the first time in worldwide literature, we provide a detailed postmortem and biopsy report on the marked increase, up to 1 order of magnitude, of naked megakaryocyte nuclei in the bone marrow and lungs from serious COVID-19 patients. Most likely related to high interleukin-6 serum levels stimulating megakaryocytopoiesis, this phenomenon concurs to explain well the pulmonary abnormal immunothrombosis in these critically ill patients, all without molecular or electron microscopy signs of megakaryocyte infection.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Medula Óssea/patologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/patologia , Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada/patologia , Pulmão/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Trombose/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Autopsia , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Medula Óssea/imunologia , Medula Óssea/virologia , Núcleo Celular/imunologia , Núcleo Celular/patologia , Núcleo Celular/virologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Estado Terminal , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/complicações , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/imunologia , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/virologia , Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada/complicações , Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada/imunologia , Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada/virologia , Evolução Fatal , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Humanos , Interleucina-6/biossíntese , Interleucina-6/imunologia , Pulmão/imunologia , Pulmão/virologia , Masculino , Megacariócitos/imunologia , Megacariócitos/patologia , Megacariócitos/virologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Trombopoese/imunologia , Trombose/complicações , Trombose/imunologia , Trombose/virologia
16.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(9): 104891, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32807409

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We summarized the clinical manifestations, laboratory data, and brain MRI of patients with Trousseau syndrome related cerebral infarction and compared them to patients with other types of cerebral infarction. Through our present research, we hope to aid the neurologists in recognizing and diagnosing this syndrome. METHODS: A total of 31 patients at our institution were identified with cerebral infarction resulting from Trousseau syndrome. We have also selected the 180 patients who have suffered from cerebral infarction as control groups and these patients were distributed to large-artery atherosclerosis group; cardio-embolism group; small-artery occlusion group, according to Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST) criteria. The clinical data and neuroimage of these patients were collected. RESULTS: All our 31 cancer patients were confirmed by pathological biopsy to be adenocarcinomas and the most common cancers are gastric and lung cancers. Patients with Trousseau syndrome exhibited high serum carbohydrate antigen CEA, CA 125 and CA 199 levels. Compared to patients with other types of cerebral infarction, patients with Trousseau syndrome had an increased severity and worse prognosis. Besides, patients had the highest mean level of plasma D-dimer. We also found multiple lesions in multiple vascular territories was the most frequent type of DWI patterns in patients of Trousseau syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: Trousseau syndrome can progress rapidly and become life-threatening. For patients who developed unexplained cerebral infarction involving multiple arterial territories, with elevated plasma D-dimer and cancer antigens, Trousseau syndrome should always be considered.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Antígenos de Neoplasias/sangue , Infarto Cerebral/diagnóstico , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Trombose/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/sangue , Adenocarcinoma/complicações , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Infarto Cerebral/sangue , Infarto Cerebral/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Síndrome , Trombose/sangue , Trombose/complicações , Regulação para Cima
19.
Clin Chim Acta ; 510: 344-346, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32712049

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent reports on outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus (COVID-19) have shown its association with abnormal blood clots. The viral infection initiates inflammatory responses leading to endothelial damage and coagulation cascade dysfnction. Spread of COVID-19 has been associated with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and subsequent coagulopathy. Initially coagulopathy in COVID-19 patients result in significant elevation of D-dimer, fibrin/fibrinogen degradation products (FDP), and abnormalities in coagulatory parameters, which resulting in formation of thrombus and eventually death. METHODOLOGY: Present report intends to summarize the information of the research reports available so far on the complications of formation of unusal blood clots (thrombosis) during COVID-19 infection and its therapeutic strategies. Extensive web search was done for various reports associating COVID-19 infection with increased coagulopathy and abnormal coagulatory parameters such as PT, PTT, and platelet counts; along with increased D-dimer and fibrinogen levels. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Findings of these research reports were summarized to recommend cautions for clinicians while treating COVID-19 patient. Screening of coagulatory parameters upon admission and during entire course of treatment is recommended, especially those who are at increased risk of thrombosis. Also, anticoagulant treatment can be used as thromboprophylaxis measure. Dose and duration of anticoagulation treatment requirement may vary and thus regular monitoring is needed.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Trombose/complicações , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia
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