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1.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596504

RESUMO

A novel bacterium, strain SJAQ100T, was isolated from a freshwater aquarium and was characterized taxonomically and phylogenetically. Strain SJAQ100T was a Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped and non-motile bacterium. The strain grew optimally with 0 % NaCl and at 25-37 °C on Reasoner's 2A agar. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the strain SJAQ100T clustered with members of Burkholderiales incertae sedis in the order Burkholderiales, but sequence similarities to known species were less than 96.5 %. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain SJAQ100T was 71.2 mol%. Genomic comparisons of strain SJAQ100T with species in the order Burkholderiales were made using the Genome-to-Genome Distance Calculator, average nucleotide identity and average amino acid identity analyses (values indicated ≤22.1, ≤78.1, and ≤68.1 % respectively). Strain SJAQ100T contained C16 : 0 and C16 : 1 ω7c/C16 : 1 ω6c as major fatty acids and Q-8 as the major quinone. The major polyamines were putrescine and cadaverine. Strain SJAQ100T contained phosphatidylethanolamine and diphosphatidylglycerol as major polar lipids. Based on the genotypic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic results, strain SJAQ100T represents a novel genus and species, Aquariibacter albus gen. nov., sp. nov., which belongs to order Burkholderiales and the class Betaproteobacteria. The type strain is SJAQ100T (=KCTC 72203T=CGMCC 1.18869T=MCC 4385T).


Assuntos
Burkholderiales , Ácidos Graxos , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Água Doce , Fosfolipídeos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499597

RESUMO

A Gram-reaction-negative, yellow-pigmented, non-spore-forming rod, aerobic, motile bacterium, designated SJY3T, was isolated from soil samples collected from a Pu-erh tea cellar in Bolian Pu-erh tea estate Co. Ltd. in Pu'er city, Yunnan, south-west China. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the isolate belonged to the genus Massilia. The closest phylogenetic relative was Massilia arenae CICC 24458T (99.5 %), followed by M. timonae CCUG45783T (97.9 %), M. oculi CCUG43427AT (97.8 %), and M. aurea DSM 18055T (97.8 %). The major fatty acids were C16 : 0 and C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c. The major respiratory quinone was ubiquinone Q-8 and the major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, and phosphatidylethanolamine. Genome sequencing revealed a genome size of 5.97 M bp and a G+C content of 65.4 mol%. Pairwise determined whole genome average nucleotide identity (gANI) values and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values were all below the threshold. Although the 16S rRNA gene similarity of stain SJY3T and Massilia arenae CICC 24458T was more than 99 %, the gANI, dDDH values and genomic tree clearly indicated that they were not of the same species. In summary, strain SJY3T represents a new species, for which we propose the name Massilia puerhi sp. nov. with the type strain SJY3T (=CGMCC 1.17158T=KCTC 82193T).


Assuntos
Oxalobacteraceae/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oxalobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Chá , Ubiquinona/química
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34516367

RESUMO

Strain F2AT, isolated from the cricket Acheta domesticus, was subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic characterization. Cells of the strain were rod-shaped, Gram-stain-negative and catalase- and oxidase-positive. It did not assimilate any carbohydrates. The strain's 16S rRNA gene sequence showed highest similarity to Entomomonas moraniae QZS01T (96.4 %). The next highest similarity values were found to representatives of related genera (<93 %). The genome size of strain F2AT was 3.2 Mbp and the G+C content was 36.4 mol%. Average nucleotide identity values based on blast and MUMmer and average amino acid identity values between strain F2AT and E. moraniae QZS01T were 74.29/74.43, 83.88 and 74.70 %, respectively. The quinone system predominantly contained ubiquinone Q-8. In the polar lipid profile, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and an unidentified phospholipid were detected. The polyamine pattern consisted of the major compounds putrescine and spermidine. Major fatty acids were C18 : 1 ω7c and C16 : 0 and the hydroxyl acids were C12 : 0 3-OH, C14 : 0 2-OH and C14 : 0 3-OH. The diagnostic diamino acid of the peptidoglycan was meso-diaminopimelic acid. Due to its association with the only species of the genus Entomomonas but its distinctness from E. moraniae we here propose the novel species Entomomonas asaccharolytica sp. nov. F2AT (=CCM 9136T=LMG 32211T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Gryllidae , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34542391

RESUMO

A novel bacterium, designated strain Msb3T, was recently isolated from leaves of the yam family plant Dioscorea bulbifera (Dioscoreaceae). Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that this strain belonged to the genus Paraburkholderia with Paraburkholderia xenovorans as nearest validly named neighbour taxon (99.3 % sequence similarity towards the P. xenovorans type strain). Earlier genome sequence analysis revealed a genome of 8.35 Mb in size with a G+C content of 62.5 mol%, which was distributed over two chromosomes and three plasmids. Here, we confirm that strain Msb3T represents a novel Paraburkholderia species. In silico DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity (OrthoANIu) analyses towards P. xenovorans LB400T yielded 58.4 % dDDH and 94.5 % orthoANIu. Phenotypic and metabolic characterization revealed growth at 15 °C on tryptic soy agar, growth in the presence of 1 % NaCl and the lack of assimilation of phenylacetic acid as distinctive features. Together, these data demonstrate that strain Msb3T represents a novel species of the genus Paraburkholderia, for which we propose the name Paraburkholderia dioscoreae sp. nov. The type strain is Msb3T (=LMG 31881T, DSM 111632T, CECT 30342T).


Assuntos
Florestas , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Burkholderiaceae , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524955

RESUMO

Aniline blue-decolourizing bacterial strain 502str22T, isolated from sediment collected in the East Pacific, was subjected to characterization by a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain 502str22T belongs to the genus Novosphingobium, with closely related type strains 'Novosphingobium profundi' F72T (97.6%), N. mathurense SM117T (97.1%) and N. arvoryzae Jyi-02T (97.0%). Digital DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity values between strain 502str22T and closely related type strains were 20.3-24.8% and 74.1-81.9%, respectively. The major cellular fatty acid (>10%) was C18:1 ω7c. The polar lipid profile consisted of a mixture of phosphatidylcholine, one sphingoglycolipid, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine. The DNA G+C content of strain 502str22T was 65.5 mol%. The polyphasic taxonomic results indicated that strain 502str22T represents a novel species of the genus Novosphingobium, for which the name Novosphingobium decolorationis sp. nov is proposed. The type strain is 502str22T (=KCTC 82134T= MCCC 1K04799 T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Fosfolipídeos , Compostos de Anilina , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona
6.
Nature ; 597(7876): 420-425, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471290

RESUMO

Oxygen is critical for a multitude of metabolic processes that are essential for human life. Biological processes can be identified by treating cells with 18O2 or other isotopically labelled gases and systematically identifying biomolecules incorporating labeled atoms. Here we labelled cell lines of distinct tissue origins with 18O2 to identify the polar oxy-metabolome, defined as polar metabolites labelled with 18O under different physiological O2 tensions. The most highly 18O-labelled feature was 4-hydroxymandelate (4-HMA). We demonstrate that 4-HMA is produced by hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase-like (HPDL), a protein of previously unknown function in human cells. We identify 4-HMA as an intermediate involved in the biosynthesis of the coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) headgroup in human cells. The connection of HPDL to CoQ10 biosynthesis provides crucial insights into the mechanisms underlying recently described neurological diseases related to HPDL deficiencies1-4 and cancers with HPDL overexpression5.


Assuntos
4-Hidroxifenilpiruvato Dioxigenase/metabolismo , Ácidos Mandélicos/metabolismo , Metaboloma , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Feminino , Humanos , Ácidos Mandélicos/análise , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Tirosina/metabolismo , Ubiquinona/biossíntese
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34550063

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, catalase-negative, oxidase-positive and non-motile rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain CrO1T, was isolated from a freshwater alga Cryptomonas obovoidea in the Nakdong river of South Korea. Colonies of CrO1T were white, convex and circular and growth was observed at 25-40 °C (optimum, 37 °C) and pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7) and in the presence of 0-0.5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0 %). CrO1T contained C16 : 0, summed feature 5 (comprising C18 : 0ante and/or C18 : 2ω6,9c), C18 : 0, summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c) and summed feature 8 (comprising C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c) as the major cellular fatty acids (>5 %) and ubiquinone-8 as the sole respiratory quinone. Phosphatidylethanolamine was detected as the major polar lipid. The DNA G+C content of CrO1T, calculated from the whole genome sequence was 69.6 mol%. CrO1T was most closely related to Ramlibacter humi 18x22-1T with a 97.6 % 16S rRNA sequence similarity and shared less than 97.4 % 16S rRNA sequence similarities with other type strains. Phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene and whole genome sequences revealed that CrO1T formed a distinct phyletic lineage within the genus Ramlibacter. On the basis of the results of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and molecular analysis, CrO1T clearly represents a novel species of the genus Ramlibacter, for which the name Ramlibacter algicola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CrO1T (=KACC 19926T=JCM 33302T).


Assuntos
Criptófitas , Ácidos Graxos , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Água Doce , Fosfolipídeos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34550069

RESUMO

During a study of the bacterial diversity of mangrove habitats, a novel Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped bacterium designated as SAOS 153DT was isolated. Sequence alignment and molecular phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA and core gene sequence of strain SAOS 153DT with closely related taxa revealed a sequence identity of 99.4 % and clustering with Yangia pacifica DX5-10T. The fatty acids summed feature 8 (C18:1 ω7c/C18:1 ω6c) and the lipids phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and an unknown phospholipid were the major components of the cell wall. The only ubiquinone type present was Q-10. The genomic DNA G+C content of the strain calculated from whole genome sequencing was 66.9 mol%. These chemotaxonomic and genomic characteristics supported the molecular phylogenetic analysis and placed the strain well within the radiation of the genus Yangia. The overall genome related indices using digital DNA-DNA hybridization (35.4 %) and ortho-average nucleotide identity (88.1 %) values were much lower than the recommended thresholds for species delineation, which further consolidated the novel species status of strain SAOS 153DT within the genus Yangia as Yangia mangrovi sp. nov. The type strain is SAOS 153DT (=JCM 31345T=KCTC 52280T=MTCC 12749T).


Assuntos
Roseobacter , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Solo , Ubiquinona
9.
Theriogenology ; 175: 77-82, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508969

RESUMO

Incorporation of Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) to the freezing medium provides advantageous effect for sperm cryopreservation in a variety of animal species, yet which has not been tested in giant grouper (Epinephelus lanceolatus). This research was designed to elucidate if CoQ10 could be used as a potential additive to improve giant grouper sperm quality after cryopreservation. After the process of freezing and thawing, various sperm quality parameters including motility, viability, apoptosis, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, DNA fragmentation as well as fertilization rate were evaluated with CoQ10 added at concentrations of 0, 25, 50 and 100 µM. Compared to the control group (0 µm), addition of CoQ10 in the medium yielded significantly higher total motility and curvilinear velocity, whereas the progressive motility, straight-line velocity and average path velocity were not differ from each other. An obvious improvement in viability was observed in spermatozoa cryopreserved with 25 and 50 µM CoQ10, while the apoptosis rate in CoQ10 treated groups (25, 50 and 100 µM) exhibited significantly lower values than that of the control. Besides, the production of ROS was significantly decreased with CoQ10 addition groups when compared with the control. In consistent with the improvement in antioxidant defense, CoQ10 supplementation in the medium also enhanced mitochondrial activity and reduced DNA fragmentation. In addition, freezing medium supplemented with CoQ10 also improved the fertilization success, a significantly higher fertilization rate was recorded at the concentration of 50 µM, but this value was not differ from that of 25 µM. Overall, the antioxidant CoQ10 provided an obvious beneficial effect on post-thaw quality of giant grouper spermatozoa. It was concluded that the optimal concentration of CoQ10 is 50 µM in the freezing medium.


Assuntos
Bass , Preservação do Sêmen , Animais , Criopreservação/veterinária , Suplementos Nutricionais , Congelamento , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo , Preservação do Sêmen/veterinária , Motilidade Espermática , Espermatozoides , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388083

RESUMO

A novel facultatively anaerobic, non-motile, Gram-stain-negative, non-endospore-forming alphaproteobacterium, strain 1011MAR3C25T, was isolated from a white biofilm colonizing the walls of the Andalusian show cave Gruta de las Maravillas (Huelva, Spain). Strain 1011MAR3C25T grew at 8-42 °C (optimum, 20-30 °C), at pH 5.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 5.0-6.0) and in the presence of 0-12 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 3-5 %). Cells were catalase- and oxidase-positive. The strain grew heterotrophically with various carbon sources and chemoautotrophically with thiosulfate under aerobic conditions. Results of phylogenetic analysis showed that strain 1011MAR3C25T was related to Paracoccus saliphilus DSM 18447T and Paracoccus alkanivorans LMG 30882T (97.90 % and 97.32 % 16S rRNA sequence identity values, respectively). The major respiratory quinone was ubiquinone Q-10 and the predominant fatty acid was C18 : 1 ω7c. The polar lipid profile consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified aminolipid, an unidentified glycolipid and an unidentified polar lipid. The DNA G+C content was 60.3 mol%. Based on a polyphasic taxonomic study it is proposed that strain 1011MAR3C25T (=CECT 9092T=LMG 29414T) represents a novel species of the genus Paracoccus, for which the name Paracoccus onubensis sp. nov. is proposed.


Assuntos
Cavernas/microbiologia , Paracoccus , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Paracoccus/classificação , Paracoccus/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Espanha , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388084

RESUMO

A novel bacterial strain, designated SW136T, was isolated from a deep-sea sediment sample collected from the South China Sea. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, catalase-positive and oxidase-positive. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain SW136T represented a novel member of the genus Aurantimonas, forming a distinct cluster with 'Aurantimonas litoralis', Aurantimonas coralicida and Aurantimonas manganoxydans (98.2, 98.1 and 97.9% sequence similarity, respectively). The predominant cellular fatty acid of strain SW136T was C18 : 1 ω7c. Strain SW136T contained ubiquinone-10 as the dominant respiratory quinone, and diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol as the major polar lipids. The genomic DNA G+C content was 64.3 mol%. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values of strain SW136T with A. coralicida CGMCC 1.12222T and A. manganoxydans CGMCC 1.12225T were 78.8 and 78.6 % and 21.5 and 25.5 %, respectively. On the basis of phylogenetic inference and phenotypic characteristics, we propose that strain SW136T represents a novel species of the genus Aurantimonas, with the name Aurantimonas marina sp. nov. The type strain is SW136T (=CGMCC 1.17725T=KCTC 82366T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402776

RESUMO

In the present study, in an attempt to explore the diversity of bacteria in the roots of rice plants, a Gram-stain-negative, motile, facultatively anaerobic, non-pigmented, catalase-positive, oxidase-negative and rod-shaped bacterium with polar flagella was isolated. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed highest sequence similarity to Limnohabitans parvus KCTC 42859T (98.2%) followed by Limnohabitans curvus KCTC 42562T (98%), Limnohabitans planktonicicus II-D5T (97.9%) and Limnohabitans australis MWH-BRAZ-DAM2DT (97.4%). Growth of strain JUR4T occurred at 10-37 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 5.5-8.0 (optimum, 6.5-7) and in the presence of 0-0.2% NaCl (optimum, 0%, w/v). The genome size of strain JUR4T was found to be 3.34 Mb containing 3139 predicted protein-coding genes with a DNA G+C content of 61.5 mol%. The digital DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity values between the genome sequence of strain JUR4T and closely related reference strains were 21.0-24.8% and 74.7-81.4%, respectively. Strain JUR4T contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phoshatidylethanolamine, one unidentified phosphoglycolipid, one unidentified aminophosphoglycolipid, one unidentified phospholipid and seven unidentified glycolipids. The major fatty acids were C16:0 and summed feature 3 (comprising C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c), and ubiquinone Q-8 was the sole isoprenoid quinone. So far, all species belonging to the genus Limnohabitans have been described as non-motile and devoid of flagella. All species were isolated from freshwater and are therefore denoted as planktonic bacteria. This present study introduces a novel motile member of Limnohabitans isolated from the root of rice plant, and introduces the genes associated with motility and methyl-accepting chemotaxis proteins. Phylogenetic, phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic data clearly indicates that strain JUR4T represents a novel species of the genus Limnohabitans for which the name Limnohabitans radicicola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is JUR4T (=KACC 21745T=NBRC 114484T).


Assuntos
Comamonadaceae/classificação , Oryza , Filogenia , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Comamonadaceae/isolamento & purificação , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34410902

RESUMO

A novel, aerobic nitrogen-fixing methylotrophic bacterium, strain 29kT, was enriched and isolated from sludge generated during wastewater treatment at a paper mill in Baikal, Russian Federation. Cells were Gram-stain-variable. The cell wall was of the negative Gram-type. Cells were curved oval rod-shaped, 0.5-0.7×1.7-3.4 µm and formed yellow-coloured colonies. Cells tended to be pleomorphic if grown on media containing succinate or coccoid if grown in the presence of methyl alcohol as the sole carbon source. Cells were non-motile, non-spore-forming and contained retractile (polyphosphate) and lipid (poly-ß-hydroxybutyrate) bodies. The major respiratory quinone was ubiquinone Q-10 and the predominant cellular fatty acids were C18:1 ω7, C19:0 cyclo and C16:0. The genomic DNA G+C content was 67.95 mol%. Strain 29kT was able to grow at 4-37 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 6.0-8.5 (optimum, pH 6.5-7.0) and at salinities of 0-0.5% (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0% NaCl). Catalase and oxidase were positive. Strain 29kT could grow chemolithoautotrophically in mineral media under an atmosphere of H2, O2 and CO2 as well as chemoorganoheterotrophically on methanol, ethanol, n-propanol, n-butanol and various organic acids. The carbohydrate utilization spectrum is limited by glucose and raffinose. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the newly isolated strain was a member of the genus Xanthobacter with Xanthobacter autotrophicus 7cT (99.9% similarity) and Xanthobacter viscosus 7dT (99.4 % similarity) as closest relatives among species with validly published names. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values of 92.7 and 44.9%, respectively, of the 29kT to the genome of the most closely related species, X. autotrophicus 7cT, were below the species cutoffs. Based on genotypic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, it is proposed that the isolate represents a novel species, Xanthobacter oligotrophicus sp. nov. The type strain is 29kT (=KCTC 72777T=VKM B-3453T).


Assuntos
Filogenia , Esgotos , Xanthobacter , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Federação Russa , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Esgotos/microbiologia , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química , Xanthobacter/classificação , Xanthobacter/isolamento & purificação
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34431767

RESUMO

In this study, we report a Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, non-pigmented, motile and aerobic bacterium named strain MTZ26T, which was isolated from deep-sea sediment sampled at a cold seep in the South China Sea. Growth of strain MTZ26T occurred at 4-40 °C (optimum, 25-30 °C), pH 6.0-10.0 (optimum, 7.0-8.0) and with 1.0-11.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 6.0-8.0 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain MTZ26T belonged to the genus Psychrosphaera and was closely related to Psychrosphaera aestuarii PSC101T (97.5 % sequence similarity) and Psychrosphaera haliotis KDW4T (97.5 %). Genomic analysis indicated that strain MTZ26T contains a circular chromosome of 3 331 814 bp with G+C content of 42.2 mol%. The predominant respiratory quinone of MTZ26T was ubiquinone-8. The polar lipids of MTZ26T contained phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified aminophospholipid and one unidentified phospholipid. The major fatty acids of strain MTZ26T contained C15:0, C16:0, C17:0, C17 : 1 ω8c, C10 : 0 3-OH, C11 : 0 3-OH, C15 : 1 ω8c and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c or/and C18 : 1 ω6c). Results of phylogenetic, physiological, biochemical and morphological analyses suggested that strain MTZ26T represents a novel species of the genus Psychrosphaera, and the name Psychrosphaera ytuae sp. nov. is proposed with the type strain MTZ26T (=MCCC 1K05568T=JCM 34321T).


Assuntos
Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(15)2021 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360597

RESUMO

Toxoplasma gondii is a protozoan parasite that causes toxoplasmosis and infects almost one-third of the global human population. A lack of effective drugs and vaccines and the emergence of drug resistant parasites highlight the need for the development of new drugs. The mitochondrial electron transport chain (ETC) is an essential pathway for energy metabolism and the survival of T. gondii. In apicomplexan parasites, malate:quinone oxidoreductase (MQO) is a monotopic membrane protein belonging to the ETC and a key member of the tricarboxylic acid cycle, and has recently been suggested to play a role in the fumarate cycle, which is required for the cytosolic purine salvage pathway. In T. gondii, a putative MQO (TgMQO) is expressed in tachyzoite and bradyzoite stages and is considered to be a potential drug target since its orthologue is not conserved in mammalian hosts. As a first step towards the evaluation of TgMQO as a drug target candidate, in this study, we developed a new expression system for TgMQO in FN102(DE3)TAO, a strain deficient in respiratory cytochromes and dependent on an alternative oxidase. This system allowed, for the first time, the expression and purification of a mitochondrial MQO family enzyme, which was used for steady-state kinetics and substrate specificity analyses. Ferulenol, the only known MQO inhibitor, also inhibited TgMQO at IC50 of 0.822 µM, and displayed different inhibition kinetics compared to Plasmodium falciparum MQO. Furthermore, our analysis indicated the presence of a third binding site for ferulenol that is distinct from the ubiquinone and malate sites.


Assuntos
Cumarínicos/metabolismo , Malatos/metabolismo , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Proteínas de Protozoários/metabolismo , Toxoplasma/enzimologia , Ubiquinona/metabolismo , Animais , Humanos , Proteínas Mitocondriais/genética , Oxirredutases/genética , Proteínas de Protozoários/genética , Especificidade por Substrato
16.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4769, 2021 08 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362905

RESUMO

Beyond its role in mitochondrial bioenergetics, Coenzyme Q (CoQ, ubiquinone) serves as a key membrane-embedded antioxidant throughout the cell. However, how CoQ is mobilized from its site of synthesis on the inner mitochondrial membrane to other sites of action remains a longstanding mystery. Here, using a combination of Saccharomyces cerevisiae genetics, biochemical fractionation, and lipid profiling, we identify two highly conserved but poorly characterized mitochondrial proteins, Ypl109c (Cqd1) and Ylr253w (Cqd2), that reciprocally affect this process. Loss of Cqd1 skews cellular CoQ distribution away from mitochondria, resulting in markedly enhanced resistance to oxidative stress caused by exogenous polyunsaturated fatty acids, whereas loss of Cqd2 promotes the opposite effects. The activities of both proteins rely on their atypical kinase/ATPase domains, which they share with Coq8-an essential auxiliary protein for CoQ biosynthesis. Overall, our results reveal protein machinery central to CoQ trafficking in yeast and lend insights into the broader interplay between mitochondria and the rest of the cell.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Lipídeos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Membranas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Fosfotransferases/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética
17.
J Int Soc Sports Nutr ; 18(1): 58, 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34419082

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exercise increases skeletal muscle reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, which may contribute to the onset of muscular fatigue and impair athletic performance. Mitochondria-targeted antioxidants such as MitoQ, which contains a ubiquinone moiety and is targeted to mitochondria through the addition of a lipophilic triphenylphosphonium cation, are becoming popular amongst active individuals as they are designed to accumulate within mitochondria and may provide targeted protection against exercise-induced oxidative stress. However, the effect of MitoQ supplementation on cycling performance is currently unknown. Here, we investigate whether MitoQ supplementation can improve cycling performance measured as time to complete an 8 km time trial. METHOD: In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study, 19 middle-aged (age: 44 ± 4 years) recreationally trained (VO2peak: 58.5 ± 6.2 ml·kg- 1·min- 1, distance cycled per week during 6 months prior to study enrollment: 158.3 ± 58.4 km) male cyclists completed 45 min cycling at 70% VO2peak followed by an 8 km time trial after 28 days of supplementation with MitoQ (20 mg·day- 1) and a placebo. Free F2-isoprostanes were measured in plasma samples collected at rest, after 45 min cycling at 70% VO2peak and after completion of the time trial. Respiratory gases and measures of rating of perceived exertion (RPE) were also collected. RESULTS: Mean completion time for the time trial was 1.3% faster with MitoQ (12.91 ± 0.94 min) compared to placebo (13.09 ± 0.95 min, p = 0.04, 95% CI [0.05, 2.64], d = 0.2). There was no difference in RPE during the time trial between conditions (p = 0.82) despite there being a 4.4% increase in average power output during the time trial following MitoQ supplementation compared to placebo (placebo; 270 ± 51 W, MitoQ; 280 ± 53 W, p = 0.04, 95% CI [0.49, 8.22], d = 0.2). Plasma F2-isoprostanes were lower on completion of the time trial following MitoQ supplementation (35.89 ± 13.6 pg·ml- 1) compared to placebo (44.7 ± 16.9 pg·ml- 1 p = 0.03). CONCLUSION: These data suggest that MitoQ supplementation may be an effective nutritional strategy to attenuate exercise-induced increases in oxidative damage to lipids and improve cycling performance.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Desempenho Atlético/fisiologia , Ciclismo/fisiologia , Mitocôndrias Musculares/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Organofosforados/farmacologia , Substâncias para Melhoria do Desempenho/farmacologia , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Estudos Cross-Over , Método Duplo-Cego , F2-Isoprostanos/sangue , Humanos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mitocôndrias Musculares/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Compostos Organofosforados/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Consumo de Oxigênio , Substâncias para Melhoria do Desempenho/metabolismo , Esforço Físico/efeitos dos fármacos , Esforço Físico/fisiologia , Placebos/metabolismo , Placebos/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Esportiva/efeitos dos fármacos , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Esportiva/fisiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Ubiquinona/metabolismo , Ubiquinona/farmacologia
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34343063

RESUMO

A Gram-negative bacterium, designated S1-65T, was isolated from soil samples collected from a cotton field located in the Xinjiang region of PR China. Results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain S1-65T was affiliated to the genus Steroidobacter with its closest phylogenetic relatives being 'Steroidobacter cummioxidans' 35Y (98.4 %), 'Steroidobacter agaridevorans' SA29-B (98.3 %) and Steroidobacter agariperforans KA5-BT (98.3 %). 16S rRNA-directed phylogenetic analysis showed that strain S1-65T formed a unique phylogenetic subclade next to 'S. agaridevorans' SA29-B and S. agariperforans KA5-BT, suggesting that strain S1-65T should be identified as a member of the genus Steroidobacter. Further, substantial differences between the genotypic properties of strain S1-65T and the members of the genus Steroidobacter, including average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization, resolved the taxonomic position of strain S1-65T and suggested its positioning as representing a novel species of the genus Steroidobacter. The DNA G+C content of strain S1-65T was 62.5 mol%, based on its draft genome sequence. The predominant respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-8. The main fatty acids were identified as summed feature 3 (C16:1ω6c/C16:1ω7c), C16 : 0 and iso-C15 : 0. In addition, its polar lipid profile was composed of aminophospholipid, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol. Here, we propose a novel species of the genus Steroidobacter: Steroidobacter gossypii sp. nov. with the type strain S1-65T (=JCM 34287T=CGMCC 1.18736T).


Assuntos
Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Gossypium/microbiologia , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369861

RESUMO

Denitrification is a vital link in the global bio-nitrogen cycle. Here, we isolated a strain (M9-3-2T) that is a novel benzo[a]pyrene (BaP)-tolerant, anaerobic and aerobic denitrifying bacterium from a continuous BaP-enrichment cultured mangrove sediment. In silico comparative genomics and taxonomic analysis clearly revealed that strain M9-3-2T (=MCCC 1K03313T=JCM 32045T) represents a novel species of a novel genus named as Nitrogeniibacter mangrovi gen. nov., sp. nov., belonging to family Zoogloeaceae, order Rhodocyclales. In addition, the species Azoarcus pumilus is transferred into genus Aromatoleum and named Aromatoleum pumilum comb. nov. The predominant respiratory quinone of strain M9-3-2T was ubiquinone-8 and the major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, three unidentified phospholipids and three unidentified aminophospholipids. In this study, the capacity of strain M9-3-2T to eliminate nitrate was detected under anaerobic and aerobic conditions, and the removal rates of nitrate were 6.1×10-6 µg N/l/h/cell and 3×10-7 µg N/l/h/cell, respectively. Our results suggested that strain M9-3-2T could play an important role in the nitrogen removal regardless of the presence of oxygen in natural or/and man-made ecosystems.


Assuntos
Azoarcus , Betaproteobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Anaerobiose , Azoarcus/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Betaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química , Áreas Alagadas
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34370661

RESUMO

Two bacterial strains, designated SS33T and Y03T, were isolated from marine sediment and marine red alga collected on the coast of Weihai, PR China. Based on the results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain SS33T was found to be closely related to Primorskyibacter marinus PX7T, Pelagivirga dicentrarchi YLY04T, Palleronia marisminoris DSM 26347T and Maribius pontilimi GH1-23T with 94.8, 94.6, 94.5 and 94.5 % sequence similarity; strain Y03T was found to be closest to Flavivirga aquimarina EC2D5T, Flavivirga eckloniae ECD14T and Flavivirga amylovorans JC2681T with 96.4, 96.1 and 96.0 % sequence similarity. Strain SS33T grew at 4-37 °C (optimum, 33 °C), at pH 6.0-9.5 (optimum, pH 7.5-8.0) and in the presence of 0-10 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 3.0 %). Chemotaxonomic analysis of strain SS33T showed that the predominant respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10. The major fatty acids (>10.0 %) included C18 : 1 ω7c and C16 : 0. The major polar lipids included phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, one unidentified phospholipid, one unidentified glycolipid, one unidentified polar lipid and two unidentified aminolipids. Strain Y03T grew at 15-40 °C (optimum, 28 °C), at pH 6.5-8.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and in the presence of 0.5-9.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2.0%). Chemotaxonomic analysis showed that the predominant respiratory quinone was menaquinone-6. The major fatty acids (>10.0 %) included iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 1 G, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and iso-C15 : 0 3-OH. The major polar lipids included phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified phospholipid, one unidentified aminolipid and four unidentified polar lipids. Based on the polyphasic data, strain SS33T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Palleronia, for which the name Palleronia sediminis sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain SS33T (=KCTC 62986T=MCCC 1H00387T). Strain Y03T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Flavivirga, for which the name Flavivirga algicola sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain Y03T (=KCTC 72001T=MCCC 1H00386T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Rodófitas/microbiologia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
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