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1.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1571-1577, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228746

RESUMO

The present study aimed to determine the taxonomic positions of strains designated R-5-52-3T, R-5-33-5-1-2, R-5-48-2 and R-5-51-4 isolated from hot spring water samples. Cells of these strains were Gram-stain-negative, non-motile and rod-shaped. The strains shared highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Vulcaniibacterium thermophilum KCTC 32020T (95.1%). Growth occurred at 28-55 °C, at pH 6-8 and with up to 3 % (w/v) NaCl. DNA fingerprinting, biochemical, phylogenetic and 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses suggested that R-5-52-3T, R-5-33-5-1-2, R-5-48-2 and R-5-51-4 were different strains but belonged to the same species. Hence, R-5-52-3T was chosen for further analysis and R-5-33-5-1-2, R-5-48-2 and R-5-51-4 were considered as additional strains of this species. R-5-52-3T possessed Q-8 as the only quinone and iso-C15:0, iso-C11:0, C16 : 0 and iso-C17 : 0 as major fatty acids. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, unidentified polar lipids and two unidentified phospholipids. The genomic G+C content was 71.6 mol%. Heat shock proteins (e.g. Hsp20, GroEL, DnaK and Clp ATPases) were noted in the R-5-52-3T genome, which could suggest its protection in the hot spring environment. Pan-genome analysis showed the number of singleton gene clusters among Vulcaniibacterium members varied. Average nucleotide identity (ANI) values between R-5-52-3T, Vulcaniibacterium tengchongense YIM 77520T and V. thermophilum KCTC 32020T were 80.1-85.8 %, which were below the cut-off level (95-96 %) recommended as the ANI criterion for interspecies identity. Thus, based on the above results, strain R-5-52-3T represents a novel species of the genus Vulcaniibacterium, for which the name Vulcaniibacterium gelatinicum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is R-5-52-3T (=KCTC 72061T=CGMCC 1.16678T).


Assuntos
Fontes Termais/microbiologia , Filogenia , Xanthomonadaceae/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Genes Bacterianos , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química , Microbiologia da Água , Xanthomonadaceae/isolamento & purificação
2.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1489-1495, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228770

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, motile, ivory-coloured and rod-shaped bacterium (designated Gsoil 520T) isolated from ginseng cultivation soil was characterized by using a polyphasic approach to clarify its taxonomic position. Strain Gsoil 520T was observed to grow optimally at 30 °C and pH 7.0 on Reasoner's 2A agar medium. The results of phylogenetic analysis, based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, indicated that Gsoil 520T belongs to the genus Devosia of the family Hyphomicrobiaceae and was most closely related to Devosia epidermidihirudinis E84T (98.0 %), Devosia yakushimensis Yak96BT (97.7 %), Devosia neptuniae J1T (97.7 %) and Devosia chinhatensis IPL18T (96.8 %). The complete genome of strain Gsoil 520T is a presumptive circular chromosome of 4 480 314 base pairs having G+C content of 63.7 mol%. A total of 4 354 genes, 4 303 CDS and 43 rRNA genes were assigned a putative function. The major isoprenoid quinone was Q-10. The main polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol and two unidentified aminolipids (AL1 and AL3). The predominant fatty acids of strain Gsoil 520T were C18 : 1ω7c 11-methyl, C16 : 0 and C18 : 1ω7c/C18 : 1ω6c (summed feature 8) supporting the affiliation of strain Gsoil 520T to the genus Devosia. The low values of DNA-DNA hybridization distinguished strain Gsoil 520T from the recognized species of the genus Devosia. Thus, the novel isolate represents a novel species of the genus Devosia, for which the name Devosia ginsengisoli sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain Gsoil 520T (=KACC 19440T=LMG 30329T).


Assuntos
Hyphomicrobiaceae/classificação , Panax/microbiologia , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hyphomicrobiaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
3.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1777-1784, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234113

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, oval-shaped, non-motile bacterium with no flagella, designated strain SCR17T, was isolated from a shrimp gill habitat in Tangyin hydrothermal field of Okinawa Trough. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain SCR17T formed a lineage within the family 'Rhodobacteraceae', and shared 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 93.2-96.2 % to the related genera Aquicoccus and Roseivivax. Strain SCR17T was able to grow with 0-14 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 9-10 %). The sole respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10. The major polar lipids of strain SCR17T comprised phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), an unidentified aminolipid (AL), an unidentified phospholipid (PL) and an unidentified lipid (L). The predominant fatty acids (more than 10 % of the total fatty acids) were C18 : 1ω7c or/and C18 : 1ω6c, anteiso-C15 : 0, C16 : 0 and C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c . The genomic DNA G+C content of strain SCR17T was 67.7 mol%. Based on polyphasic taxonomic analyses, strain SCR17T is considered to represent a novel species in a new genus of the family 'Rhodobacteraceae', for which the name Carideicomes alvinocaridis gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Carideicomes alvinocaridis is SCR17T (=JCM 33426T=MCCC 1K03732T). The discovery of a novel host-associated bacterium in hydrothermal fields provides an opportunity for the study of host-bacterial symbiosis in extreme environments.


Assuntos
Decápodes/microbiologia , Brânquias/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Oceano Pacífico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
4.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 2072-2078, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32118527

RESUMO

An aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, motile, rod or long-rod-shaped bacterial isolate, strain MK6-18T, was isolated from a marine sediment sample from Kongsfjorden, Arctic. The bacterium grew optimally at 20 °C, pH 7.0 and in the presence of 1.0-2.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain MK6-18T belonged to the genus Roseovarius. Its closest phylogenetic neighbour was Roseovarius nanhaiticus NH52JT showing 96.97 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity. The genome of strain MK6-18T is 4.2 Mb long in size with a G+C content of 59.5 mol%. The average nucleotide identity value between the genomes of strain MK6-18T and Roseovarius nanhaiticus NH52JT, was 78.0 %. Similar to other species of the genus Roseovarius, strain MK6-18T had ubiquinone 10 as the predominant ubiquinone and C12 : 0, C16 : 0, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c/ω6c) and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c/ω6c) as the major fatty acids. The polar lipid pattern consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylcholine; one unidentified polar lipid, one unidentified aminolipid and one unidentified lipid were also detected. This is the first time that a member of the genus Roseovarius has been isolated from the Arctic, which may promote the study of the distribution characteristics and environmental adaptability of this genus. On the basis of the data provided here, strain MK6-18T should be classed as representing a novel species of the genus Roseovarius, for which the name Roseovarius arcticus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MK6-18T (=CCTCC AB 2018219T=KCTC 72187T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Regiões Árticas , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Svalbard , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
5.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1639-1643, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32125262

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacterium with peritrichous flagella, designated strain HB161719T, was isolated from coastal sand collected from Tanmen Port in Hainan, PR China. The isolate was found to grow with 2-11 % (w/v) NaCl, at 15-45 °C and pH 6.0-10.0, with an optima of 2-3 % NaCl, 37 °C and pH 7.0, respectively. Chemotaxonomic analysis showed that Q-8 was detected as the sole respiratory quinone and that iso-C15 : 0 and summed features 3, 8 and 9 were the major cellular fatty acids. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 58.2 mol%. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the strain showed an affiliation with the genus Microbulbifer, sharing 98.7, 98.4, 97.8 and 97.8 % sequence similarities to the closest relatives of Microbulbifer okinawensis ABABA23T, Microbulbifer pacificus SPO729T, Microbulbifer taiwanensis CC-LN1-12T and Microbulbifer gwangyangensis GY2T, respectively. Low DNA-DNA hybridization values showed that it formed a distinct genomic species. The combined phenotypic and molecular features supported that strain HB161719T represents a novel species of the genus Microbulbifer, for which the name Microbulbifer harenosus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HB161719T (=CGMCC 1.13584T=JCM 32688T).


Assuntos
Alteromonadaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Areia/microbiologia , Alginatos/metabolismo , Alteromonadaceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1470-1477, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32100685

RESUMO

A Gram-staining-negative, aerobic, non-motile and coccoid, ovoid or rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated as JBTF-M21T, was isolated from a tidal flat sediment on the Yellow Sea, Republic of Korea. The neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that JBTF-M21T fell within the clade comprising the type strains of species of the genus Erythrobacter. JBTF-M21T exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities of 97.0-98.4 % to the type strains of Erythrobacter longus, Erythrobacter aquimaris, Erythrobacter nanhaisediminis, Erythrobacter vulgaris, Erythrobacter seohaensis, Erythrobacter litoralis and Erythrobacter citreus and 93.7-96.6 % to the type strains of the other species of the genus Erythrobacter. The ANI and dDDH values between JBTF-M21T and the type strains of E. longus, E. nanhaisediminis, E. seohaensis and E. litoralis were 70.83-72.93 % and 18.0-18.8 %, respectively. Mean DNA-DNA relatedness values between JBTF-M21T and the type strains of E. aquimaris, E. vulgaris and E. citreus were 12-24 %. The DNA G+C content of JBTF-M21T was 57.0 mol%. JBTF-M21T contained Q-10 as the predominant ubiquinone and C18 : 1ω7c and C17 : 1ω6c as the major fatty acids. The major polar lipids ofJBTF-M21T were phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and sphingoglycolipid. Distinguishing phenotypic properties, together with the phylogenetic and genetic distinctiveness, revealed that JBTF-M21T is separated from species of the genus Erythrobacter with validly published names. On the basis of the data presented, strain JBTF-M21T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Erythrobacter, for which the name Erythrobacter insulae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is JBTF-M21T (=KACC 19864T=NBRC 113584T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Sphingomonadaceae/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Sphingomonadaceae/isolamento & purificação , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
7.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 2016-2025, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003711

RESUMO

The taxonomic position of an unknown bacterial strain designated CNM695-12, isolated from the blood of an immunocompromised subject, was investigated via phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, genotypic and genomic analyses. Bacterial cells were determined to be Gram-stain-negative bacilli, aerobic, non-motile and non-spore-forming. The strain showed catalase activity but no oxidase activity. Optimal growth occurred at 37 °C, pH 7 and with 0-1 % NaCl. C16 : 0, summed feature 8 (comprising C18 : 1ω7c /C18:1 ω6c), and C18 : 1ω9c were the most abundant fatty acids, and ubiquinone 8 was the major respiratory quinone. The polar lipids present included phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and other aminophospholipids. The 16S rRNA gene sequence showed approximately 93.5 % similarity to those of different species with validly published names within the order Burkholderiales (e.g. Leptothrix mobilis Feox-1T, Aquabacterium commune B8T , Aquabacterium citratiphilum B4T and Schlegelella thermodepolymerans K14T). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and concatenated alignments including the sequences for 107 essential proteins, revealed the strain to form a novel lineage close to members of the family Comamonadaceae. The highest average nucleotide identity and average amino acid identity values were obtained with Schlegelella thermodepolymerans K14T (69.6 and 55.7 % respectively). The genome, with a size of 3.35 Mb, had a DNA G+C content of 52.4 mol% and encoded 3056 predicted genes, 3 rRNA, 1 transfer-messengerRNA and 51 tRNA. Strain CNM695-12 thus represents a novel species belonging to a novel genus within the order Burkholderiales, for which the name Saezia sanguinis gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CNM695-12T (=DSM 104959T=CECT 9208T).


Assuntos
Betaproteobacteria/classificação , Sangue/microbiologia , Filogenia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Betaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Humanos , Masculino , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Espanha , Ubiquinona/química
8.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 2137-2146, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027304

RESUMO

RP11T was isolated from forest soil following enrichment with 4-hydroxybenzoic acid. Cells of RP11T are aerobic, non-sporulating, exhibit swimming motility, and are rods (0.8 µm by 1.4 µm) that often occur as diplobacillus or in short chains (3-4 cells). Optimal growth on minimal media containing 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (µ=0.216 hr-1) occurred at 30 °C, pH 6.5 or 7.0 and 0% salinity. Comparative chemotaxonomic, genomic and phylogenetic analyses revealed the isolate was distinct from its closest relative type strains identified as Paraburkholderia aspalathi LMG 27731T, Paraburkholderia fungorum LMG 16225T and Paraburkholderia caffeinilytica CF1T. Strain RP11T is genetically distinct from P. aspalathi, its closest relative, in terms of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity (98.7%), genomic average nucleotide identity (94%) and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization (56.7 %±2.8). The composition of fatty acids and substrate utilization pattern differentiated strain RP11T from its closest relatives, including growth on phthalic acid. Strain RP11T encoded the greatest number of aromatic degradation genes of all eleven closely related type strains and uniquely encoded a phthalic acid dioxygenase and paralog of the 3-hydroxybenzoate 4-monooxygenase. The only ubiquinone detected in strain RP11T was Q-8, and the major cellular fatty acids were C16 : 0, 3OH-C16 : 0, C17 : 0 cyclo, C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c, and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c/ω6c). On the basis of this polyphasic approach, it was determined that strain RP11T represents a novel species from the genus Paraburkholderia for which the name Paraburkholderia madseniana sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is RP11T (=DSM 110123T=LMG 31517T).


Assuntos
Burkholderiaceae/classificação , Florestas , Hidroxibenzoatos/metabolismo , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Burkholderiaceae/isolamento & purificação , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , New York , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 2132-2136, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027305

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative bacterium, designated strain PF-30T, was isolated from floodwater of a paddy field in South Korea. Strain PF-30T was found to be a strictly aerobic, motile and pink-pigmented rods which can grow at 25-40 °C (optimum, 28 °C), at pH 5.0-9.0 (optimum pH 7.0) and at salinities of 0.5-3.0 % NaCl (optimum 0.5 % NaCl). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain PF-30T belongs to the genus Elioraea, showing highest sequence similarity to Elioraea tepidiphila TU-7T (97.1%) and less than 91.3 % similarity with other members of the family Acetobacteraceae. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and DNA-DNA relatedness between the strain PF-30T and E. tepidiphila TU-7T yielded an ANI value of 75.1 % and DNA-DNA relatedness of 11.7±0.7 %, respectively. The major fatty acids were identified as C18 : 0 and C18 : 1 ω7c. The predominant respiratory quinone was identified as Q-10. The DNA G+C content was determined to be 69.9 mol%. The strain PF-30T was observed to produce plant-growth-promoting materials such as indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), siderophore and phytase. On the basis of the results from phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic data, we concluded that strain PF-30T represents a novel species of the genus Elioraea, for which the name Elioraea rosea sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is PF-30T (=KACC 19985T=NBRC 113984T).


Assuntos
Filogenia , Rhodospirillales/classificação , Microbiologia da Água , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oryza , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Rhodospirillales/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
10.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1861-1867, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32017675

RESUMO

A novel strain, designated AQ6-296T, was isolated from a soil sample collected in Fildes Peninsula, Antarctic. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, non-endospore-forming, non-motile, strictly aerobic and rod-shaped. Growth occurred at 4-28 °C (optimum, 20 °C) and at pH 6.0-7.0 (optimum, pH 7.0). NaCl was not obligatory for growth. Colonies were pale yellow after growth for 3 days at 20 °C on Reasoner's 2A agar. The strain was weakly positive for oxidase and the catalase test was negative. The only respiratory quinone was Q-8. The predominant cellular fatty acids were iso-C16 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, iso-C11 : 0 3OH, summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c) and summed feature 9 (comprising iso-C17 : 1ω9c and/or C16 : 010-methyl). The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, unknown aminolipids, phosphatidylglycerol and diphosphatidylglycerol. The results of phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences (the highest similarity at 92.4 % to Lysobacter dokdonensis) indicated that strain AQ6-296T is within the family Xanthomonadaceae. The DNA G+C content of the type strain was 58.6 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data, strain AQ6-296T is considered to represent a novel genus and species in the family Xanthomonadaceae, for which the name Pseudolysobacter antarcticus gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is AQ6-296T (CCTCC AB 2016313T=KCTC 52744T).


Assuntos
Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Xanthomonadaceae/classificação , Regiões Antárticas , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química , Xanthomonadaceae/isolamento & purificação
11.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1822-1829, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048985

RESUMO

Two Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, motile and rod-shaped bacteria, one designated as strain AXBT, capable of degrading estrogens, and another, YL23T, capable of degrading estrogen and bisphenol A, were isolated from activated sludge in Xiamen City, PR China. The optimum temperature and pH of both strains were 25-35 °C and pH 7.0-8.0. While strain AXBT could tolerate 3 % (w/v) NaCl, YL23T could only grow between 0-1 % (w/v) NaCl. They contained ubiquinone-10 as the major quinone, spermidine as the major polyamine, summed feature 8 (comprising C18:1ω6c and/or C18:1ω7c) as the major fatty acids and diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidyldimethylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and sphingoglycolipid as the major polar lipids. The DNA G+C contents of strains AXBT and YL23T were 63.6 and 63.7 mol%, respectively. Based on the results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strains AXBT and YL23T belonged to the genus Sphingobium. Strain AXBT was most closely related to Sphingobium chlorophenolicum NBRC 16172T (97.5 %) and Sphingobium chungbukense DJ77T (97.2 %), and strain YL23T was most closely related to S. chlorophenolicum NBRC 16172T (97.4 %) and S. quisquiliarum P25T (97.1 %). Average nucleotide identity values between these two strains and S. chlorophenolicum NBRC 16172T, S. chungbukense DJ77T, Sphingobium chinhatense IP26T, Sphingobium quisquiliarum P25T and Sphingobium japonicum UT26ST were from 80.7 to 85.8 %. In conclusion, strains AXBT and YL23T represent novel species of the genus Sphingobium, for which the names Sphingobium estronivorans sp. nov. and Sphingobium bisphenolivorans sp. nov. are proposed, respectively. The type strains of S. estronivorans and S. bisphenolivorans are AXBT (=MCCC 1K01232T=DSM 102173T) and YL23T (=MCCC 1K02300T=DSM 102172T), respectively.


Assuntos
Filogenia , Esgotos/microbiologia , Sphingomonadaceae/classificação , Águas Residuárias/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Espermidina/química , Sphingomonadaceae/isolamento & purificação , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
12.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1610-1616, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31904318

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, rod-shaped and non-motile bacterial strain, designated D-2Q-5-6T, was isolated from a soil sample collected from the Arctic region. Strain D-2Q-5-6T was found to grow at 10-43 °C (optimum, 28 °C), at pH 6.0-9.0 (pH 7.0) and in 0-5 % (w/v) NaCl (0-1 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain D-2Q-5-6T fell into the genus Sphingorhabdus and shared less than 95.8 % identity with all type strains of recognized species of this genus. The major cellular fatty acids of strain D-2Q-5-6T were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c; 31.4 %), summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c; 26.8 %) and C14 : 0 2OH (11.7 %). The polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine and sphingoglycolipid. The predominant quinone was identified as Q10. The DNA G+C content of strain D-2Q-5-6T was 64.5 mol%. Based on the results of phylogenetic analysis and distinctive phenotypic characteristics, strain D-2Q-5-6T is concluded to represent a novel species of the genus Sphingorhabdus, for which the name Sphingorhabdus soli sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of the species is D-2Q-5-6T (=MCCC 1A06070T=KCTC 52311T).


Assuntos
Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Sphingomonadaceae/classificação , Regiões Árticas , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Sphingomonadaceae/isolamento & purificação , Svalbard , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
13.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1678-1683, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31909706

RESUMO

A novel bacterium, XHU 5135T, belonging to the genus Aidingimonas, was isolated from a salt lake sample collected in Xinjiang Province, north-west PR China. The isolate was Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped and non-motile. The strain was catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. Growth occurred at NaCl concentrations of 5-25 % (optimum, 10-13 %), at 13-41 °C (35-37 °C) and at pH 6.0-10.0 (pH 7.0-8.0). The predominant ubiquinone was Q-9. The major fatty acids were C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c and C16 : 0. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 58.1 mol%. The affiliation of strain XHU 5135T with the genus Aidingimonas was confirmed by 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons. The closest type strain was Aidingimonas halophile YIM 90637T, which showed a 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 97.5 %. The ANI value between XHU 5135T and the closest type strain was 80.01 %. The estimated digital DNA-DNA hybridization estimate value between strain XHU 5135T and the closest type strain was 22.80 %. Phenotypically, the characteristics of XHU 5135T were shown to differ from the most closely related species, A. halophila. On the basis of the data from this polyphasic study, strain XHU 5135T represents a novel species of the genus Aidingimonas, for which the name Aidingimonas lacisalsi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is strain XHU 5135T (=CCTCC AB 2016344T=KCTC 42945T=DSM 104700T).


Assuntos
Halomonadaceae/classificação , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Salinidade , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Halomonadaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
14.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1528-1540, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31922466

RESUMO

During investigations of spoilage-associated meat microbiota, Pseudomonas isolates were found in two different laboratories showing highest similarities to Pseudomonas lactis DSM 29167T, Pseudomonas paralactis DSM 29164T and Pseudomonas azotoformans DSM 18862T based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons. Phylogenetic analysis of the complete rpoB gene sequences of isolates B4-1T and SpeckC indicated a separate branch with 99.0 and 99.1 % identity, respectively, to their closest relative (P. lactis DSM 29167T). Further phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characterizations, as well as average nucleotide identity (ANIb) values obtained from the draft genomes, revealed that these isolates could be considered as representing a novel species, with ANIb values of around 94 and 90 % with their closest relatives P. lactis and P. paralactis. Other related species showed ANIb values below 90 %, including Pseudomonas libanensis DSM 17149T, Pseudomonas synxantha DSM 18928T, Pseudomonas orientalis DSM 17489T, Pseudomonas veronii DSM 11331T and P. azotoformans DSM 18862T. Genome-to-genome distance calculations between B4-1T and its closest relative, P. lactis DSM 29167T, showed 62.6 % relatedness. The G+C contents of B4-1T and SpeckC were 59.8 and 59.9 mol%, respectively. The major cellular lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and diphosphatidylglycerol; the major quinone was Q9. Based on these data, the new species Pseudomonas carnis sp. nov. is proposed, the type strain is B4-1T (=DSM 107652T=LMG 30892T); a second strain is SpeckC (=DSM 107651=LMG 30893).


Assuntos
Microbiologia de Alimentos , Carne/microbiologia , Filogenia , Pseudomonas/classificação , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Genes Bacterianos , Alemanha , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Aves Domésticas , Pseudomonas/isolamento & purificação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Suínos , Ubiquinona/química
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1516-1521, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31935177

RESUMO

An alginate lyase-excreting bacterium, designated strain HB161718T, was isolated from coastal sand collected from Tanmen Port in Hainan, PR China. Cells were Gram-stain-negative rods and motile with a single polar flagellum. Its major isoprenoid quinone was ubiquinone 8 (Q-8), and its cellular fatty acid profile mainly consisted of C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c, C18 : 1 ω6c and/or C18 : 1 ω7c, C16 : 0, C17 : 0 10-methyl and C16 : 0 N alcohol. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 44.1 mol%. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis suggested that strain HB161718T belonged to the genus Alteromonas, sharing 99.5, 99.4, 99.2, 98.9 and 98.5 % sequence similarities to its closest relatives, Alteromonas macleodii JCM 20772T, Alteromonas gracilis 9a2T, Alteromonas australica H17T, Alteromonas marina SW-47T and Alteromonas mediterranea DET, respectively. The low values of DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity showed that it formed a distinct genomic species. The combined phenotypic and molecular features supported the conclusion that strain HB161718T represents a novel species of the genus Alteromonas, for which the name Alteromonas portus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HB161718T (=CGMCC 1.13585T=JCM 32687T).


Assuntos
Alteromonas/classificação , Filogenia , Polissacarídeo-Liase , Areia/microbiologia , Alteromonas/enzimologia , Alteromonas/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
16.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1850-1860, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31958043

RESUMO

Two strains of the family Rhodospirillaceae were isolated from the rhizosphere of the medicinal plant Hypericum perforatum. Cells of both strains were Gram-stain-negative, motile by means of a single polar flagellum, non-spore-forming, non-capsulated, short rods that divided by binary fission. Colonies were small and white. Strains R5913T and R5959T were oxidase-positive, mesophilic, neutrophilic and grew optimally without NaCl. Both grew under aerobic and microaerophilic conditions and on a limited range of substrates with best results on yeast extract. Major fatty acids were C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c and C16 : 0; in addition, C18 : 1ω7c was also found as a predominant fatty acid in strain R5913T. The major respiratory quinone was ubiquinone 10 (Q-10). The DNA G+C contents of strains R5913T and R5959T were 66.0 and 67.4 mol%, respectively. 16S rRNA gene sequence comparison revealed that the closest relatives (<92 % similarity) of the strains are Oceanibaculum pacificum MCCC 1A02656T, Dongia mobilis CGMCC 1.7660T, Dongia soli D78T and Dongia rigui 04SU4-PT. The two novel strains shared 98.6 % sequence similarity and represent different species on the basis of low average nucleotide identity of their genomes (83.8 %). Based on the combined phenotypic, genomic and phylogenetic investigations, the two strains represent two novel species of a new genus in the family Rhodospirillaceae, for which the name Hypericibacter gen. nov. is proposed, comprising the type species Hypericibacter terrae sp. nov. (type strain R5913T=DSM 109816T=CECT 9472T) and Hypericibacter adhaerens sp. nov. (type strain R5959T=DSM 109817T=CECT 9620T).


Assuntos
Hypericum/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rizosfera , Rhodospirillaceae/classificação , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Alemanha , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodospirillaceae/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
17.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1868-1875, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985391

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, aerobic, non-flagellated, chemoheterotrophic bacterium, designated IMCC14385T, was isolated from surface seawater of the East Sea, Republic of Korea. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that IMCC14385T represented a member of the genus Halioglobus sharing 94.6-97.8 % similarities with species of the genus. Whole-genome sequencing of IMCC14385T revealed a genome size of 4.3 Mbp and DNA G+C content of 56.7 mol%. The genome of IMCC14385T shared an average nucleotide identity of 76.6 % and digital DNA-DNA hybridization value of 21.6 % with the genome of Halioglobus japonicus KCTC 23429T. The genome encoded the complete poly-ß-hydroxybutyrate biosynthesis pathway. The strain contained summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c), summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c) and C17 : 1 ω8c as the predominant cellular fatty acids as well as ubiquinone-8 (Q-8) as the respiratory quinone. The polar lipids detected in the strain were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, five unidentified phospholipids, an unidentified aminolipid, an unidentified aminophospholipid and four unidentified lipids. On the basis of taxonomic data obtained in this study, it is suggested that IMCC14385T represents a novel species of the genus Halioglobus, for which the name Halioglobus maricola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is IMCC14385T (=KCTC 72520T=NBRC 114072T).


Assuntos
Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Tamanho do Genoma , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 2026-2033, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31995463

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, obligately aerobic bacterium, designated strain B6T, was isolated from rice wine vinegar in the Republic of Korea. Cells were non-motile and oval short rods showing catalase-positive and oxidase-negative activities. Growth was observed at 15-45 °C (optimum, 30 °C) and pH 3.5-8.0 (optimum, pH 5.5-6.5). Strain B6T contained summed feature 8 (comprising C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c), and C16 : 0 as major fatty acids and ubiquinone-9 was identified as the sole isoprenoid quinone. The G+C content of the genomic DNA calculated from the whole genome was 53.1 mol%. Strain B6T was most closely related to Acetobacter pasteurianus LMG 1262T with very high 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity (100 %) and the strains formed a very close phylogenetic lineage together in phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences. However, relatedness analyses based on concatenated amino acid sequences of 354 core genes and whole-cell MALDI-TOF profiles showed that strain B6T may form a distinct phyletic lineage from Acetobacter species. In addition, average nucleotide identity and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain B6T and the type strains of Acetobacter species were less than 93.3 and 51.4 %, respectively. The genomic features of strain B6T were also differentiated from those of closely related Acetobacter type strains. Based on the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genomic features, strain B6T clearly represents a novel species of the genus Acetobacter, for which the name Acetobacter oryzoeni sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is B6T (=KACC 21201T=JCM 33371T).


Assuntos
Ácido Acético , Acetobacter/classificação , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Filogenia , Acetobacter/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 2089-2095, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31995465

RESUMO

A pink-pigmented, Gram-negative, rod-shaped, obligate aerobic bacterial strain, MIMD6T, was isolated from biological soil crusts in PR China. Cells grew at 20-37 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 6-8 (optimum, pH 7) and with 0-1 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0 %). Strain MIMD6T could use methanol or formate as a sole carbon source to grow, and carried methanol dehydrogenase genes mxaF and xoxF, supporting its methylotrophic metabolism. The respiratory quinone was ubiquinone Q-10, the major fatty acids were C18 : 1ω7c (87.3 %), and the major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, one unknown aminolipid and one unidentified glycolipid. The results of phylogenetic analyses based on the sequences of the 16S rRNA gene, seven housekeeping genes (dnaK, recA, rimO, rpIK, rpmG, rpsR and rpoB) and methanol dehydrogenase genes indicated that strain MIMD6T formed a phylogenetic linage with members of the genus Methylobacterium. Strain MIMD6T was most closely related to Methylobacterium isbiliense DSM 17168T and Methylobacterium nodulans LMG 21967T with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities of 95.7 and 95.2 %, respectively. The genomic DNA G+C content calculated via draft genome sequencing was 73.0 mol%. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain MIMD6T and the type strains of other Methylobacterium species were 70.7-82.0 and 24.6-30.0 %, respectively. Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic characteristics, strain MIMD6T represents a novel species of the genus Methylobacterium, for which the name Methylobacterium crusticola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MIMD6T (=KCTC 52305T=MCCC 1K01311T).


Assuntos
Methylobacterium/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Genes Bacterianos , Methylobacterium/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1987-1992, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31999238

RESUMO

An aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, non-spore-forming and rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated N8T, was isolated from the interfacial sediment of Taihu Lake in PR China. The strain formed white to blue colonies on R2A agar. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain N8T represented a member of the genus Gemmobacter and was most closely related to Gemmobacter aquaticus A1-9T (97.97 %). The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNAhybridization values between strain N8T and G. aquaticus A1-9T based on their whole genomes were 78.8 and 21.7 %, respectively. Q-10 was the main predominant ubiquinone. The major fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c), C18 : 0 and C16 : 0. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 66.1 mol%. The polar lipids comprised phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, one unidentified phospholipid, two unidentified glycolipids and two unidentified lipids. Based on its physiological, biochemical and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strain N8T represents a novel species of the genus Gemmobacter, for which the name Gemmobacter caeruleus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is N8T=(KACC 21307T=MCCC 1K04036T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
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