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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17079, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574807

RESUMO

Advancements in diagnostic modalities have improved the diagnosis of meconium peritonitis (MP) both in utero and ex utero. This study aimed to determine the efficacy of prompt prenatal and postnatal diagnoses of MP on the postnatal outcomes of these patients.We conducted a retrospective chart review of neonates with MP admitted to the Mackay Memorial Hospital Systems from 2005 to 2016. The prenatal diagnoses, postnatal presentations, surgical indications, operative methods, types of MP, operative findings, associated anomalies, morbidities, patient outcomes, and survival rates were analyzed. Morbidities included postoperative adhesion ileus, bacteremia, and short bowel syndrome. We also performed subgroup analyses of the morbidity and survival rates of prenatally versus postnatally diagnosed patients, as well as inborn versus outborn neonates.Thirty-seven neonates with MP were enrolled. Of this number, 24 (64.9%) were diagnosed prenatally. Twenty-two (59.5%) were born preterm. The most common prenatal sonographic findings included fetal ascites followed by dilated bowel loops. Abdominal distention was the most frequent postnatal symptom. Thirty-four (91.9%) neonates underwent surgery, whereas 3 were managed conservatively. Volvulus of the gastrointestinal tract was the most frequent anatomic anomaly. The total morbidity and survival rates were 37.8% and 91.9%, respectively. The morbidity and survival rates did not differ significantly between prenatally and postnatally diagnosed patients (37.5% vs 33.3%, P = 1.00; 91.7% vs 92.3%, P = 1.00, respectively). Inborn and outborn patients did not differ in terms of morbidity and survival rates (27.3% vs 53.3%, P = .17; 100% vs 80.0%, P = .06, respectively).Although not statistically significant, inborn MP neonates had higher survival rates when compared with outborn MP neonates. Prompt postnatal management at tertiary centers seemed crucial.


Assuntos
Mecônio , Peritonite/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal , Ascite/etiologia , Dilatação Patológica/etiologia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Volvo Intestinal/etiologia , Intestinos/patologia , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Peritonite/complicações , Peritonite/mortalidade , Peritonite/terapia , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Tempo para o Tratamento
2.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 21(10): 653-657, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599505

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Complete hydatidiform mole and a co-existing normal fetus (CHMCF) is associated with a high complication rate. A possible association with assisted conception might increase the prevalence of CHMCF. OBJECTIVES: To study the potential association between assisted conception and the risks of CHMCF. METHODS: Case series at a single university hospital from 2008 to 2018 are presented and contrasted with data from a comprehensive literature review (1998-2018). Cases were identified from the institutional database that matched the sonographic criteria for CHMCF. A literature review showed comparable cases. RESULTS: None of the three pregnancies presented in this article resulted in a viable fetus, all were aborted. One of the three patients needed chemotherapy due to gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN). A literature search identified 248 reported cases in which 22 fetuses (9%) reached term, 88/248 (35%) progressed to GTN, and 25/120 (21%) were conceived following assisted conception. From 2008 until 2018 at our medical facility, there were 3144 twin pregnancies of which 1667 (53%) were conceived using assisted conception. In our cohort, there was no statistical trend for assisted conception as an etiological factor for CHMCF. CONCLUSIONS: No association between assisted conception and the risk for CHMCF was established at our hospital, although approximately one-quarter of all reported CHMCF pregnancies are attributed to assisted conception technology. However, these data are not always reported, making it difficult to draw definitive conclusions.


Assuntos
Mola Hidatiforme/patologia , Gravidez de Gêmeos , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Uterinas/patologia , Aborto Eugênico , Aborto Induzido , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Mola Hidatiforme/terapia , Doença Iatrogênica , Gravidez , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida/efeitos adversos , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/métodos , Neoplasias Uterinas/terapia
4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(10): 970-974, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31598938

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of chromosomal abnormalities and outcome of pregnancy for fetuses with increased nuchal translucency (NT). METHODS: Between July 2014 and February 2018, 247 fetuses with increased NT (>95th centile)were analyzed by chromosome microarray analysis (CMA). The fetuses were divided into ones with isolated increased NT (168 cases), increased NT with cystic hygroma (20 cases), increased NT with edema (12 cases) or increased NT with other abnormalities (47 cases). All couples were followed up by telephone calls. RESULTS: The rate of chromosomal abnormalities was 31.6% (78/247), which included 66 cases with chromosomal aneuploidies and 12 with copy number variants (CNVs). CNVs accounted for 31.4% (11/35) of total abnormalities among fetuses with isolated increased NT, whilst only 2.3% (1/43) of the total abnormalities among fetuses with non-isolated increased NT. Three fetuses with a normal CMA result had mental and physical retardation. Two of them were diagnosed with single gene disorders by whole exome sequencing. CONCLUSION: CMA can detect more chromosomal microdeletion/microduplications among fetuses with isolated increased NT. Furthermore, fetuses with increased NT and anegative CMA result during pregnancy cannot exclude all adverse outcomes.


Assuntos
Aberrações Cromossômicas , Análise em Microsséries , Medição da Translucência Nucal , Resultado da Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Aneuploidia , Cromossomos , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Edema , Feminino , Feto , Humanos , Linfangioma Cístico , Gravidez , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal
5.
BMJ ; 367: l5517, 2019 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31615781

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of routine ultrasonography in the third trimester in reducing adverse perinatal outcomes in low risk pregnancies compared with usual care and the effect of this policy on maternal outcomes and obstetric interventions. DESIGN: Pragmatic, multicentre, stepped wedge cluster randomised trial. SETTING: 60 midwifery practices in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: 13 046 women aged 16 years or older with a low risk singleton pregnancy. INTERVENTIONS: 60 midwifery practices offered usual care (serial fundal height measurements with clinically indicated ultrasonography). After 3, 7, and 10 months, a third of the practices were randomised to the intervention strategy. As well as receiving usual care, women in the intervention strategy were offered two routine biometry scans at 28-30 and 34-36 weeks' gestation. The same multidisciplinary protocol for detecting and managing fetal growth restriction was used in both strategies. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome measure was a composite of severe adverse perinatal outcomes: perinatal death, Apgar score <4, impaired consciousness, asphyxia, seizures, assisted ventilation, septicaemia, meningitis, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, intraventricular haemorrhage, periventricular leucomalacia, or necrotising enterocolitis. Secondary outcomes were two composite measures of severe maternal morbidity, and spontaneous labour and birth. RESULTS: Between 1 February 2015 and 29 February 2016, 60 midwifery practices enrolled 13 520 women in mid-pregnancy (mean 22.8 (SD 2.4) weeks' gestation). 13 046 women (intervention n=7067, usual care n=5979) with data based on the national Dutch perinatal registry or hospital records were included in the analyses. Small for gestational age at birth was significantly more often detected in the intervention group than in the usual care group (179 of 556 (32%) v 78 of 407 (19%), P<0.001). The incidence of severe adverse perinatal outcomes was 1.7% (n=118) for the intervention strategy and 1.8% (n=106) for usual care. After adjustment for confounders, the difference between the groups was not significant (odds ratio 0.88, 95% confidence interval 0.70 to 1.20). The intervention strategy showed a higher incidence of induction of labour (1.16, 1.04 to 1.30) and a lower incidence of augmentation of labour (0.78, 0.71 to 0.85). Maternal outcomes and other obstetric interventions did not differ between the strategies. CONCLUSION: In low risk pregnancies, routine ultrasonography in the third trimester along with clinically indicated ultrasonography was associated with higher antenatal detection of small for gestational age fetuses but not with a reduced incidence of severe adverse perinatal outcomes compared with usual care alone. The findings do not support routine ultrasonography in the third trimester for low risk pregnancies. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Netherlands Trial Register NTR4367.


Assuntos
Doenças do Recém-Nascido , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal , Adolescente , Índice de Apgar , Análise por Conglomerados , Feminino , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Incidência , Recém-Nascido , Doenças do Recém-Nascido/diagnóstico , Doenças do Recém-Nascido/epidemiologia , Recém-Nascido Pequeno para a Idade Gestacional , Tocologia/métodos , Tocologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Mortalidade Perinatal , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Gravidez na Adolescência , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/métodos , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos
6.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(33): 2569-2574, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31510714

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the changes of growth and development of normal fetal ventricles and cisterna magna with gestational age(GA) and the correlation with fetal gender in the second and third trimester,and establish the MR prenatal diagnosis reference standards. Methods: A total of 633 fetuses (mean GA (27.0±4.1) weeks (18.9-40.6 weeks))without central nervous system abnormalities were retrospectively collected from the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University from June 2012 to August 2017. The lateral ventricle trigonometric width (LVTW), third ventricle width (TVW), fourth ventricle width (FVW), anterior-posterior diameter of the fourth ventricle(APDFV), cavum septum pellucidum width (CSPW) and cisterna magna width (CMW) were obtained in the standard measure planes on MR image.The correlation between the biometrics and GA and the correlation between the biometrics and fetal gender were analyzed respectively, and the normal reference values of the biometrics were calculated. Spearman correlation analysis, Pearson correlation analysis,linear regression analysis, independent samples t-test and paired samples t-test were used for statistic analysis. Results: (1)Fetal LLVTW,RLVTW,TVW,CSPW and CMW in second and third trimesters were correlated with GA at medium and low levels(the correlation coefficient r were 0.311, 0.277, 0.207, 0.226, 0.295, respectively, all P<0.01). FVW and APDFV were statistically correlated with GA, and the linear regression equations were as follows: y=0.022×GA-0.043 (adjusted R(2)=0.642); y=0.018×GA-0.159 (adjusted R(2)=0.690). (2)Fetal LLVTW,RLVTW,FVW,APDFV and CSPW were not correlated with fetal gender in second and third trimesters(r=-0.078,-0.057,-0.087,-0.004 and 0.024, P=0.124,0.258,0.085,0.931 and 0.618, all P>0.05). TVW and CMW were statistically correlated with fetal gender(r=-0.310, -0.180, P=0.000, 0.006, all P<0.05). (3) The mean values of LLVTW and RLVTW were (0.71±0.13) cm and (0.68±0.13) cm, respectively, and significant difference was found between them(t=3.180, P=0.002). The mean value of CSPW was (0.59±0.15) cm. And the mean values of male and female fetuses for TVW and CMW were (0.17±0.05) cm, (0.16±0.06) cm and (0.68±0.15) cm, (0.58±0.15) cm, respectively. The corresponding prenatal MRI diagnostic criteria were as follows: LLVTW 1.1 cm, RLVTW 1.0 cm, CSPW 1.0 cm, TVW 0.3 cm, CMW (male 1.1 cm, female 1.0 cm). Conclusions: The normal fetal ventricles and cisterna magna are increased with the GA in the second and third trimesters. TVW and CMW are related to fetal gender. The establishment of normal reference values of fetal ventricles and cisterna magna based on GA and fetal gender are conducive to enhance the accuracy of MRI prenatal diagnosis.


Assuntos
Cisterna Magna , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Gravidez , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 86, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489064

RESUMO

Placenta accreta spectrum disorders is a rare pathology but the incidence has not stopped to increase in recent years. The purpose of our work was the analysis of the epidemiological profile of our patients, the circumstances of diagnosis, the interest of paraclinical explorations in antenatal diagnosis and the evaluation of the evolutionary profile. We hereby report a case series spread over a period of one year from 01/01/2015 to 01/01/2016 at the Gynaecology-Obstetrics department of the University Hospital Center IBN SINA of Rabat where we identified six cases of placenta accreta. We selected patients whose diagnosis was confirmed clinically and histologically. The major risk factors identified were a history of placenta previa, previous caesarean section, advanced maternal age, multiparity. 2D ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allowed us to strongly suspect the presence of a placenta accreta in a pregnant woman with risk factor(s) but the diagnosis of certainty was always histological. Placenta accreta spectrum disorders were associated with a high risk of severe postpartum hemorrhage, serious comorbidities, and maternal death. Leaving the placenta in situ was an option for women who desire to preserve their fertility and agree to continuous long-term monitoring in centers with adequate expertise but a primary elective caesarean hysterectomy was the safest and most practical option. Placenta accreta spectrum disorders is an uncommon pathology that must be systematically sought in a parturient with risk factors, to avoid serious complications. In light of the latest International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) recommendations of 2018, a review of the literature and finally the experience of our center, we propose a course of action according to whether the diagnosis of the placenta is antenatal or perpartum.


Assuntos
Histerectomia/métodos , Placenta Acreta/diagnóstico , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/métodos , Adulto , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Marrocos , Placenta Acreta/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/etiologia , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
8.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(9): 874-876, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31515779

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the correlation between fetal nuchal fold (NF) thickening and fetal chromosomal abnormality. METHODS: In total 919 pregnant women undergoing ultrasound examination were selected for interventional prenatal diagnosis in order to detect fetal chromosomal abnormality. RESULTS: The detection rate of chromosomal abnormality has significantly increased with NF thickness, advanced maternal age, presence of other ultrasound abnormalities (P<0.05). Trisomy 21 was the most common abnormality, and there was a prepondance for male fetuses. CONCLUSION: Increased NF thickness is strongly associated with the risk of fetal chromosomal abnormalities, advanced maternal age and presence of additional ultrasound abnormalities.


Assuntos
Aberrações Cromossômicas , Medição da Translucência Nucal , Feminino , Feto , Humanos , Idade Materna , Gravidez , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(31): e16670, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374044

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Fetal giant cervical cyst (FGCC) is a rare congenital anomaly. Sometimes FGCC may extend into the mediastinum, and result in severe tracheal compression, which is a life-threatening event at birth. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a rare case of FGCC, which extended from the right neck into the superior mediastinum, and resulted in severe tracheal compression. DIAGNOSES: An FGCC was observed by ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 27+4 weeks' gestation (WG). Fetal MRI at 35+1 WG showed that the FGCC was 3.3 × 8.2 × 7.5 cm and extended from the right neck into the superior mediastinum. Severe tracheal compression was observed and the inside diameter of the narrowest section of tracheostenosis appeared thread-like and measured only 0.1 cm. INTERVENTIONS: Cervical cyst reduction was performed prenatally under ultrasound guidance to alleviate the tracheal compression and maximize the chance of fetal survival 2 days before birth. At 36+3 WG, cesarean section was performed, and a female neonate was immediately delivered and intubated (3.5-mm tube) by an experienced anesthesiologist. Neonatal intralesional sclerotherapy and cystic component aspiration as guided by digital subtraction angiography were performed under general anesthesia. Anesthesia was maintained only with sevoflurane 3% in 2 L/min oxygen. Extubation was performed soon after surgery. OUTCOME: The neonate recovered uneventfully and was discharged 2 days postoperatively. After 140 days of follow-up, the neonate had recovered completely. LESSONS: If an FGCC is suspected by abdominal ultrasound, a fetal MRI is recommended to assess the severity of tracheal compression before birth, if feasible. An anesthesiologist should assess the risk of intubation failure at birth according to those results. If fetal severe tracheal compression is detected and it may result in inability of intubation at birth, prenatal cervical cyst reduction under ultrasound guidance may be effective for alleviating tracheal compression at birth, if feasible. This could maximize the chance of fetal survival. Improvement of fetal short- and long-term outcomes is important.


Assuntos
Fetoscopia/métodos , Hidropisia Fetal/patologia , Hidropisia Fetal/cirurgia , Linfangioma Cístico/patologia , Linfangioma Cístico/cirurgia , Pescoço/patologia , Pescoço/cirurgia , Adulto , Cesárea , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Hidropisia Fetal/diagnóstico por imagem , Recém-Nascido , Intubação Intratraqueal , Linfangioma Cístico/complicações , Linfangioma Cístico/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Pescoço/diagnóstico por imagem , Pescoço/embriologia , Gravidez , Doenças da Traqueia/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Traqueia/etiologia , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(33): e16745, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415370

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Malformative uropathies represent a major cause of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) in children. Genitourinary system is the most frequent and sever affected in Prune-Belly syndrome cases. That is why the findings of early diagnosis and vigilant monitoring for these situations remain a major challenge for the medical team. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present the clinical course of a 10 years old child with diagnosis of Prune-Belly syndrome. A urinary tract abnormality was suspected starting 25 weeks of gestation, when a routine ultrasound showed oligohydramnios, increased size urinary bladder, bilateral hydronephrosis and megaureters, thin abdominal wall. DIAGNOSIS: Prenatal suspicion of Prune-Belly syndrome plays a deciding role in renal disease progression. A detailed clinical exam at birth established the diagnosis of Prune-Belly syndrome. Renal ultrasound confirmed bilateral grade III hydronephrosis and megaureters, with empty bladder, suggesting an obstruction at this level. A persistent urachus was confirmed by catheterization. Later it was used for imaging study that showed bilateral high grade reflux. INTERVENTIONS: The main goal of any treatment is to preserve kidney function. Treatment options depend on the clinical picture. The pregnancy was closely monitorized, but fetal distress appeared so early labor was induced at 32 weeks. At beginning a temporary catheter was placed into the urachus which expressed urine. The urachus drain was left in place until the age of 6 weeks, when a bilateral ureterostomy was performed. Skeletal and genital malformations were present too; the child has undergone several surgeries to solve these abnormalities. OUTCOMES: At the age of 10 years, he is a well-adapted child. He has had fewer than 3 urinary tract infections per year. Long term follow-up showed a relatively slow decline in the estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate in our child (62 ml/1.73m/min). LESSONS: This case suggests that induced early labor could prove beneficial for early upper urinary tract decompression through earlier access to surgery. This is an option especially in situations or region where vesicoureteric or vesicoamniotic shunt placement is not available.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Abdome em Ameixa Seca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Anormalidades Múltiplas , Criança , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome do Abdome em Ameixa Seca/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(33): e16822, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415400

RESUMO

Fetal cardiovascular malformations is widely focused and screened, but the accuracy of screening is not satisfactory. In this study, we compared the types of congenital heart malformation, accompanying diseases and fetal outcomes in the first and second trimesters of pregnancy to clarify the advantage of early screening.From January 2013 to June 2018, 230 fetuses were diagnosed with congenital heart malformations using ultrasound method in Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, and divided into 2 groups:the first trimester fetuses (group A) and the second trimester fetuses (group B). In addition, we collected and organized medical data of 347 cases diagnosed with congenital heart disease during 1998 to 2005 (group C). We compared the spectrum of congenital heart disease, associated comorbidities and outcome of fetuses diagnosed with congenital heart disease.There were differences in the types and incidence of cardiac malformations between the first and second trimesters of pregnancy. The number of cases of non-cardiac malformation, congenital heart disease with single ventricular circulation, fetal intrauterine death and premature pregnancy termination was significantly lower in the late stage (group A and group B) than that in the early stage (group C). More patients were screened for trisomy 21, 18, 13 syndromes and Turner syndrome in group A than group B (P <.001). More fetuses with a 22q11 deletion were screened in group B than group C.Early pregnancy screening using ultrasound diagnosis is very important for fetuses with congenital heart disease.


Assuntos
Feto/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Primeiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Segundo Trimestre da Gravidez , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos , Aberrações Cromossômicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/embriologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/genética , Humanos , Incidência , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos
13.
Arkh Patol ; 81(4): 17-25, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407713

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To carry out a clinical and morphological analysis of 6 cases of placental mesenchymal dysplasia (PMD) that is not associated with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical records, placental macroscopic and microscopic changes, histochemical (MSB staining) and immunohistochemical studies of placental tissue with antibodies against p57, CD34, smooth muscle actin, desmin, and Ki-67 were analyzed. RESULTS: Vascular anomalies in the chorionic plate and stem villi, the increased size and edema of the stem villi during normal formation of the terminal branches of the villous tree, the lack of proliferation of villous trophoblast were the typical signs of PMD and were noted in all cases. Comparison of the results of ultrasonography with the morphological pattern of the disease suggested that there were ultrasound signs that were typical of PMD. The characteristics of the course and outcomes of pregnancy in PMD were given. The features of morphological changes in the presence of PMD concurrent with preeclampsia were found. Significant variability in p57 expression in PMD was shown and variants of changes given. There were no substantial features of the expression of desmin and smooth muscle actin in PMD. CONCLUSION: MDP has typical morphological and ultrasound signs. The significant variability in the levels of chorionic gonadotropin and alpha-fetoprotein and in the expression of p57 does not allow their use in the differential diagnosis of PMD. The high incidence of thrombotic events in the intervillous space and fetal vessels, as well as intrauterine growth restriction, intrauterine hypoxia, and an impaired neonatal adaptation period in PMD should be taken into account when determining the management tactics for female patients and newborns.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Beckwith-Wiedemann , Doenças Placentárias , Síndrome de Beckwith-Wiedemann/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome de Beckwith-Wiedemann/patologia , Feminino , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Placenta , Doenças Placentárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Placentárias/patologia , Gravidez , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal
14.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3031, 2019 07 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292453

RESUMO

Maternal immune dysregulation seems to affect fetal or postnatal immune development. Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-associated disorder with an immune basis and is linked to atopic disorders in offspring. Here we show reduction of fetal thymic size, altered thymic architecture and reduced fetal thymic regulatory T (Treg) cell output in preeclamptic pregnancies, which persists up to 4 years of age in human offspring. In germ-free mice, fetal thymic CD4+ T cell and Treg cell development are compromised, but rescued by maternal supplementation with the intestinal bacterial metabolite short chain fatty acid (SCFA) acetate, which induces upregulation of the autoimmune regulator (AIRE), known to contribute to Treg cell generation. In our human cohorts, low maternal serum acetate is associated with subsequent preeclampsia, and correlates with serum acetate in the fetus. These findings suggest a potential role of acetate in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia and immune development in offspring.


Assuntos
Acetatos/sangue , Feto/imunologia , Pré-Eclâmpsia/imunologia , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Acetatos/administração & dosagem , Acetatos/imunologia , Acetatos/metabolismo , Adulto , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Pré-Escolar , Suplementos Nutricionais , Feminino , Feto/citologia , Feto/diagnóstico por imagem , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/imunologia , Vida Livre de Germes/imunologia , Humanos , Tolerância Imunológica/imunologia , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Estudos Longitudinais , Troca Materno-Fetal/imunologia , Camundongos , Tamanho do Órgão/imunologia , Pré-Eclâmpsia/sangue , Pré-Eclâmpsia/diagnóstico , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/patologia , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/prevenção & controle , Estudos Prospectivos , Timo/citologia , Timo/diagnóstico por imagem , Timo/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Timo/imunologia , Fatores de Transcrição/imunologia , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal , Adulto Jovem
15.
Ceska Gynekol ; 84(3): 190-194, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31324108

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the occurrence and the significance of echogenic foci in the fetal heart and to assess the prognosis of the fetus and child. SETTING: Department of Pediatrics and Prenatal Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Ostrava. DESIGN: Original article. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted between 2008-2017. Fetal echocardiography was performed in the second trimester of pregnancy in the study population. The identification of echogenic heart foci, and their follow up during and after the pregnancy were performed by a pediatric cardiologist. RESULTS: In the monitored period, a total of 27,633 fetuses were examined. Isolated cardiac hyperechogenic foci were detected in 3% (829/27,633) of the fetuses. The foci was found in 93%, 5%, and 2% in the left ventricle, mainly in valvular apparatus of the mitral valve, in the both ventricles, and in the right ventricle, respectively. In 1% (11/829) of the fetuses with cardiac echogenic foci, the others concomitant pathologies (tricuspid regurgitation, extrasystoles, renal pathology) were found. No genetic abnormalities were detected in the fetuses with cardiac hyperechogenic foci. CONCLUSION: The echogenic focus in fetal heart is a relatively common, mostly insignificant finding, with any serious consequences for the fetus and the child.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia , Coração Fetal/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal , Cardiologistas , Criança , Feminino , Monitorização Fetal , Humanos , Gravidez , Segundo Trimestre da Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Ceska Gynekol ; 84(3): 195-200, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31324109

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Noonan syndrome (NS), one of the most common RASopathies, has an estimated incidence of 1 in 1,000-2,500 live births. In the prenatal period increased nuchal translucency, hygroma colli, hydrops fetus, congenital heart disease, kidney defects, larger amount of amniotic fluid can be observed in affected fetuses with this syndrome. In the fetuses with normal karyotype and no microdeletion/microduplication syndromes the examination of selected genes for RASopathies was added. The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical benefit of massively parallel sequencing (MPS) of susceptible fetal DNA for NS, i.e., the diagnostic yield on the one hand and the proportion of detected variants of unknown significance (VOUS) on the other. DESIGN: Clinically diagnostic. SETTING: Centrum prenatální diagnostiky, Brno, s.r.o; Cytogenetická laboratoř Brno, s.r.o. METHODS: Samples of amniotic fluid or chorionic villus were analyzed. Selected genes associated with RASopathies were analyzed in case of the negative result of karyotype and array-CGH. A panel of twenty genes was investigated by MPS. RESULTS: In the two-years period, Noonan syndrome was detected in 10 from 95 investigated fetuses. This represents a 10.5% diagnostic efficiency of the method. DNA variants of unknown significance were detected in 10 fetuses. A segregation analysis helped to clarify their meaning in six fetuses. CONCLUSION: MPS allows fast molecular-genetic diagnosis of RASopathies already in the prenatal period. This method contributes to the clarification not only of phenotypic manifestations in already born individuals but also of ultrasound findings in fetuses with both normal karyotype and aCGH.


Assuntos
Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Síndrome de Noonan/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Noonan/genética , Medição da Translucência Nucal , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal , Edema , Feminino , Feto , Variação Estrutural do Genoma , Humanos , Cariótipo , Gravidez
17.
Ceska Gynekol ; 84(3): 222-228, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31324114

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: An overview of current knowledge about the use of 3D ultrasound examinations for the examination of fetal CNS. DESIGN: A review article. SETTING: Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacký University and Faculty Hospital Olomouc. METHODS: Literary sources related to the subject were used, especially articles indexed by Pubmed-Medline. CONCLUSION: 3D ultrasound is currently used for examination of fetal CNS structures that can be only very difficult displayed by conventional 2D ultrasound. The best for technique for visualisation of midline fetal CNS structures, respectively corpus callosum cerebellar vermis, appears to be 3D volume acquisition in a sagittal plane through the sagittal suture or large fontanel with further post-processing in multiplanar mode, OVIX (Samsung), TUI (GE Healthcare) etc.


Assuntos
Sistema Nervoso Central/diagnóstico por imagem , Feto/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem Tridimensional/métodos , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Segundo Trimestre da Gravidez
18.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(6): 375-380, 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262121

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the relationship between the previous cesarean scar thickness, previous cesarean scar defect and the occurrence of uterine rupture for pregnancy women after previous cesarean section and to predict the occurrence of uterine rupture in the third trimester for pregnancy women after previous cesarean section by analyzing the lower uterine segment (LUS) situation or quantitatively measure LUS myometrium thickness. Methods: A total of 154 pregnant women who have a prior cesarean from January 2015 to March 2016 were selected, all of them regularly did the prenatal examination in the pregnancy period and finally gave birth in hospital. By the transvaginal sonograph, the LUS myometrium thickness (transverse and longitudinal thickness) and the size of the previous cesarean scar defect were measured in the first trimester, the LUS myometrium thickness (longitudinal thickness) and qualitatively analysis LUS condition were measured in the third trimester. They were divided into two groups according to the pregnancy outcome: uterine rupture group (found in the cesarean operation or during the pregnancy) and without uterine rupture group (including the vaginal delivery women and those without uterine rupture in the cesarean operation period). The sensitivity and specificity of LUS myometrium thickness in the first trimester and the qualitative analysis LUS situation, the quantitative measurement of LUS myometrium thickness in the third trimester were compared in the prediction of occurrence of uterine rupture (dehiscence or complete rupture). Results: The group without uterine rupture included 134 women (6 vaginal delivery and 128 cesarean delivery), and the group with uterine rupture included 20 women (all of them cesarean delivery). The LUS myometrium thickness in the third trimester in the group without uterine rupture was (1.6±0.5) mm, and was (1.1±0.7) mm in the uterine rupture group (P= 0.004). There were no significant difference between two groups in the mean value of age, height, weight, the interdelivery interval, the LUS myometrium thickness (transverse and longitudinal thickness) in the first trimester. Qualitative analysis of LUS condition had higher specificity (99%), higher positive predictive value (92%), higher negative predictive value (94%) and slightly lower sensitivity (60%) than quantitative measure of LUS myometrium thickness in predicting uterine rupture. Conclusions: Measurement of the LUS myometrium thickness in the first trimester is helpful for predicting the occurrence of uterine rupture, so it is not necessary to terminate the pregnancy because of the thin LUS or the little prior cesarean scar defect in the first trimester. However it should be paid close attention to the LUS situation during the whole gestation. Qualitatively analyzing LUS situation is more meaningful than quantitatively measuring LUS myometrium thickness in predicting the uterine rupture in the third trimester.


Assuntos
Cicatriz , Miométrio/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura Uterina/prevenção & controle , Útero/diagnóstico por imagem , Cesárea , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal , Ruptura Uterina/epidemiologia , Nascimento Vaginal Após Cesárea
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(26): e16069, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261515

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to check whether the sFlt-1/PIGF ratio, established as the biomarker for preeclampsia, reduces the false positive rate of late fetal growth restriction (FGR) detection by ultrasound biometry.This was a prospective case-control study, conducted at one regional maternity hospital in Romania. Study participants included singleton pregnancy women for whom the estimated fetal weight (EFW) at 28 to 35 weeks was < 10 percentiles and as controls, pregnant women with EFW >10 percentiles. All pregnancies were dated in the first trimester by crown-rump-length. We also recorded maternal characteristics, pregnancy and neonatal outcomes.The primary outcome measures were the relation between the sFlt-1/PIGF ratio and incidence of FGR. Secondary outcome was establishing a threshold for statistical significance of the marker and influence of other conditions (e.g., pre-eclampsia) on the accuracy of the marker in FGR prediction.Included in the study were 37 pregnant women and 37 controls.When we used ultrasound (US) biometry and maternal risk factors to estimate EFW <10 percentiles, the sensitivity was 44.4% with a specificity of 89% for an FPR (false positive result) of 10%. When we combined the US biometry and maternal risk factors with sFlt1/PIGF ratio, for a cut off of 38, the sensitivity was 84.21%, and the specificity was 84.31% for an FPR of 10%. The cut off value (36) did not change if we considered all cases of SGA, including those with associated preeclampsia or if we considered only FGR cases without associated preeclampsia.When associated with maternal factors and US biometry, the sFlt1/PIGF ratio enhanced the sensitivity for detecting late FGR.


Assuntos
Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/diagnóstico , Fator de Crescimento Placentário/sangue , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal , Receptor 1 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/sangue , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biometria , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Reações Falso-Positivas , Feminino , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Gravidez , Segundo Trimestre da Gravidez , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Adulto Jovem
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