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1.
J Urol ; 203(1): 100-107, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335254

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We evaluated the performance of transrectal ultrasound guided systematic and transperineal template mapping biopsies with a 5 mm sampling frame stratified by the multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging Likert score in the PROMIS (Prostate MR Imaging Study). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Biopsy naïve men due to undergo prostate biopsy for elevated prostate specific antigen and/or abnormal digital rectal examination underwent multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging, and transperineal template mapping and transrectal ultrasound guided systematic biopsies, which were performed and reported while blinded to other test results. Clinically significant prostate cancer was primarily defined as Gleason 4 + 3 or greater, or a maximum cancer core length of 6 mm or more of any grade. It was secondarily defined as Gleason 3 + 4 or greater, or a maximum cancer core length of 4 mm or more of any grade. RESULTS: In 41 months 740 men were recruited at a total of 11 centers, of whom 576 underwent all 3 tests. Eight of the 150 men (5.1%) with a multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging score of 1-2 had any Gleason 3 + 4 or greater disease on transrectal ultrasound guided systematic biopsy. Of the 75 men in whom transrectal ultrasound guided systematic biopsy showed Gleason 3 + 3 of any maximum cancer core length 61 (81%) had Gleason 3 + 4, 8 (11%) had Gleason 4 + 3 and 0 (0%) had Gleason 4 + 5 or greater disease. For definition 1 (clinically significant prostate cancer) transrectal ultrasound guided systematic biopsy sensitivity remained stable and low across multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging Likert scores of 35% to 52%. For definition 2 (clinically significant prostate cancer and any cancer) sensitivity increased with higher multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging scores. The negative predictive value varied due to varying disease prevalence but for all cancer thresholds it declined with increasing multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging scores. CONCLUSIONS: In the setting of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging Likert scores 1-2 transrectal ultrasound guided systematic biopsy revealed Gleason 3 + 4 disease in only 1 of 20 men. Further, for any clinically significant prostate cancer definition transrectal ultrasound guided systematic biopsy had poor sensitivity and variable but a low negative predictive value across multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging scores. Men who undergo transrectal ultrasound guided systematic biopsy without targeting in the setting of a multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging score of 3 to 5 should be advised to undergo repeat (targeted) biopsy.


Assuntos
Biópsia Guiada por Imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Gradação de Tumores , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
2.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(1): 5-11, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506033

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: High flow rates may develop in arteriovenous fistula (AVF), resulting in clinical syndromes of steal, aneurysmal fistula, or high-output cardiac failure. Various techniques with varying success have been advocated to treat this difficult problem. We present a hemodynamically validated novel banding technique. METHODS: We designed a computational fluid dynamic (CFD) model of the native high-flow AVF and tested various juxta-anastomotic venous diameters to determine the effect on AVF blood flow and pressure. We translated this principle in our banding technique, wherein adjustable banding was performed in conjunction with ultrasound-guided brachial artery flow measurement to determine the optimal band diameter. Polyurethane patch was used to fashion the adjustable band. Patient demographics, AVF flow parameters pre- and postintervention, operative intervention, and ultrasound follow-up data were collected prospectively. RESULTS: Our CFD testing demonstrated that the band diameter needed to achieve optimal distal blood pressure and preserve AVF flow depending on blood pressure, end capillary pressure, venous pressure, and vascular diameters. Five patients subsequently underwent dynamic banding of symptomatic high-flow AVF. Mean brachial artery blood flow rates pre- and postbanding were 2964 mL/min (confidence interval [CI]: 1487-4440 mL/min) and 1099 mL/min (CI: 571.7-1627 mL/min), respectively (P = .01). All patients had symptomatic improvement, and at a mean follow-up of 1 year, this benefit was sustained with no AVF thrombosis or loss. CONCLUSION: Adjustable dynamic band using ultrasound-guided brachial artery flow shows promising results in producing accurate AVF blood flow reduction with sustained efficacy in the short term for patients with symptomatic high-flow AVF.


Assuntos
Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Artéria Braquial/fisiopatologia , Hemodinâmica , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Diálise Renal , Adolescente , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Artéria Braquial/diagnóstico por imagem , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Ligadura , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Cardiovasculares , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Reoperação , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
3.
Anaesthesia ; 75(1): 72-79, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506918

RESUMO

Technology that facilitates performance of deep peripheral nerve blocks is of clinical interest. The Onvision™ is a new device for ultrasonographic needle tip tracking that incorporates an ultrasound sensor on the needle tip that is then represented by a green circle on the ultrasound screen. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effect of needle tip tracking on procedural time in the first human volunteer study. Secondary outcome measures included: number of hand movements; hand movement path length; block success rate; block onset time; block duration; discomfort experienced by the volunteers; and the anaesthetists' confidence as to whether their block would be successful. Two anaesthetists performed ultrasound-guided lumbar plexus blocks with an out-of-plane technique, with and without the use of needle tip tracking. In total, data from 25 volunteers were studied. Mean (SD) procedural time was 163 (103) s with needle tip tracking and 216 (117) s without (p = 0.10). Hand motion analysis showed that needle tip tracking was associated with a significant decrease in the mean (SD) number of intended needling hand movements (39 (29) vs. 59 (36); p = 0.03) and path lengths (3.2 (3.1) m vs. 5.5 (4.5) m; p = 0.03). No differences were found for any other secondary outcomes. The use of Onvision needle tip tracking did not reduce procedural time for out-of-plane ultrasound-guided lumbar plexus block but did reduce the number of hand movements and path lengths. This may indicate improved needle control but further studies are needed to confirm this finding.


Assuntos
Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem , Agulhas , Bloqueio Nervoso/instrumentação , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Cross-Over , Feminino , Humanos , Plexo Lombossacral , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
4.
Anaesthesia ; 75(1): 80-88, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506921

RESUMO

Visibility of the needle tip is difficult to maintain during ultrasound-guided nerve block. A new needle has been developed that incorporates a piezo element 2-2.3 mm from the tip, activated by ultrasound. The electrical signal manifests as a coloured circle surrounding the needle tip, and allows real-time tracking. We hypothesised that novice regional anaesthetists would perform nerve block better with the tracker turned on rather than off. Our primary objective was to evaluate the new needle by measuring the performance of novice anaesthetists conducting simulated sciatic block on the soft embalmed Thiel cadaver. Training consisted of a lecture, scanning in volunteers and practice on cadavers. Testing entailed scanning the sciatic nerve of a cadaver and conducting 20 in-plane sciatic blocks in the mid-to-upper thigh region. Subjects were randomised equally, in groups of five, according to the sequence: tracker on/off/on/off; or tracker off/on/off/on. Video recordings were assessed by six raters for steps performed correctly and errors committed. Eight subjects were recruited and 160 videos were analysed. Using the tracking needle, five correct steps improved and one error reduced. The benefits included: better identification of the needle tip before advancing the needle, OR (95%CI) 3.4 (1.6-7.7; p < 0.001); better alignment of the needle to the transducer, 3.1 (1.3-8.7; p = 0.009); and better visibility of the needle tip 3.0 (1.4-7.3; p = 0.005). In conclusion, use of the tracker needle improved the sciatic block performance of novices on the soft embalmed cadaver.


Assuntos
Anestesia por Condução/instrumentação , Agulhas , Bloqueio Nervoso/instrumentação , Nervo Isquiático , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Anestesia por Condução/métodos , Cadáver , Humanos , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos
5.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(1): 47-50, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31581906

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Cyanoacrylate glue is injected for incompetent great saphenous vein (GSV) treatment 5 cm distal to the saphenofemoral junction (SFJ). Although a few reports have investigated the postprocedural remnant stump length, none have focused on the factors affecting glue extension length and the consequent remnant stump length. METHODS: Seventy-nine patients undergoing cyanoacrylate closure using the VenaSeal system at our clinic between August 2018 and November 2018 were investigated. The GSV diameter was measured just before treatment in the supine position 3 cm distal to the SFJ. Cyanoacrylate glue was injected 5 cm distal to the SFJ. RESULTS: The mean glue extension length was 1.13 ± 1.12 cm. The GSV diameter and glue extension length exhibited a significant inversely proportional relationship (P < .001). More specifically, patients with a GSV diameter ≥0.7 cm had a longer remnant stump length than those with a smaller GSV diameter (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: An increased GSV diameter is likely associated with a decreased glue extension length and, consequently, a longer remnant stump.


Assuntos
Cianoacrilatos/administração & dosagem , Veia Safena , Adesivos Teciduais/administração & dosagem , Varizes/terapia , Adulto , Cianoacrilatos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Intravenosas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Veia Safena/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Safena/fisiopatologia , Adesivos Teciduais/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Varizes/diagnóstico por imagem , Varizes/fisiopatologia
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18511, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31861038

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peri-prosthetic seroma after implant insertion for breast reconstruction is a common but difficult-to-manage complication. This study aimed to compare peri-prosthetic seroma duration and the number of aspirations associated with intravenous cannula with those associated with conventional needle. METHODS: Seventy-one patients who underwent skin- or nipple-sparing mastectomy and implant insertion were treated for peri-prosthetic seroma. When peri-prosthetic seroma was detected, ultrasound-guided aspiration was performed either by using an intravenous cannula (n = 35) or a conventional needle (n = 36); however, the method adopted was randomly selected. We analyzed the participants' clinicopathologic factors after medical record review. RESULTS: There were no significant intergroup differences in mean age (P = .052), mean body mass index (P = .601), total clinical tumor size (P = .107), pathologic tumor size (P = .269), specimen weight (P = .147), implant size (P = .313), or operation time (P = .595). However, the mean total peri-prosthetic seroma volume was significantly higher (105.80 vs 88.58, P = .015) but the number of aspirations was lower (4.48 vs 5.80, P = .043) in the intravenous cannula group than in the conventional needle group. Mean peri-prosthetic seroma volume per aspiration was nonsignificantly higher in the intravenous cannula group (26.92 vs 19.14, P = .291). CONCLUSION: Ultrasound-guided aspiration performed using an intravenous cannula was comparable to the procedure performed using a conventional needle. Furthermore, the former method can be safer and effective alternative to manage peri-prosthetic seroma.


Assuntos
Doenças Mamárias/cirurgia , Implante Mamário/efeitos adversos , Seroma/cirurgia , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/instrumentação , Adulto , Doenças Mamárias/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Seroma/etiologia , Sucção/instrumentação , Sucção/métodos
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17933, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702679

RESUMO

Hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP), which occurs in most patients with hemiplegia, causes considerable distress and worsens outcomes in rehabilitation. Although they have received the treatments such as anti-inflammatory drugs or physical therapy, many of the individuals remain suffering from shoulder pain 6 months after acute stroke event. In this retrospective study, we evaluated the effectiveness of ultrasound guided subacromial-subdeltoid (SASD) bursa injections with botulinum toxin type A (BoNT/A) compared to steroids for refractory HSP.The data were collected retrospectively by reviewing the patient's medical records and pain questionnaires in our rehabilitation center. In total, 38 patients who received ultrasound guided SASD bursa injection (BoNT/A group, n = 18; corticosteroid group, n = 20) were included. The pain visual analog scale (VAS) score at rest and during arm passive abduction, Fugl-Meyer score of upper limbs (F-M score) were evaluated before, 2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks after injection.Both 2 groups obtained a significant improvement of VAS score at rest or during arms passive abduction compared to baseline score (within group compare, P < .05). There were no significant differences of pain score improvement between two groups at week 2, 4, 8, and 12 after injection either at rest or during passive arm abduction (between 2 groups compare, P > .05). There were also no differences in results of the post treatment F-M score between 2 groups (between 2 groups compare, P > .05). Similarly, during the follow-up period no collateral effects were reported after BoNT/A injection.SASD bursa BoNT/A injection can substantially reduce the pain as corticosteroid in patients with HSP. BoNT/A injection could be a useful strategy for replacing steroids as a treatment for refractory HSP especially in the patients who cannot tolerate the steroids injection.


Assuntos
Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A/administração & dosagem , Fármacos Neuromusculares/administração & dosagem , Dor de Ombro/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Betametasona/administração & dosagem , Betametasona/análogos & derivados , Bolsa Sinovial/efeitos dos fármacos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Hemiplegia/complicações , Humanos , Injeções Intra-Articulares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dor de Ombro/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos
8.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623037

RESUMO

Objective:By retrospectively analyzing the results of ultrasound guided coarse needle biopsy(CNB) of thyroid nodules based on large samples, so as to evaluate its diagnostic value as first-line diagnostic tool for thyroid nodules. Method:From October 2015 to November 2017, a total of 508 nodules were studied from 474 patients who underwent CNB in general surgery department of tianjin first central hospital. The nondiagnostic rate, inconclusive rate, unnecessary surgery rate and complication rate of thyroid nodules diagnosed by CNB were calculated. The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of CNB in thyroid cancer diagnosis were analyzed. The correlation between inconclusive diagnostic results and ultrasonic findings like echogenicity, composition, margin, calcification type, blood supply and nodule size was analyzed. Result:The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of CNB diagnosis were 97.27%, 99.17%, 99.07%, 99.45% and 99.36%, respectively. However, the nondiagnostic rate, the inconclusive rate, the conclusive rate and the unnecessary surgery rate of thyroid nodules diagnosed by CNB were 2.95%, 7.09%, 92.92% and 1.86%, respectively. Conclusion:Ultrasound guided coarse needle biopsy might be safe and reliable for the diagnosis of thyroid nodules, with relatively stable diagnostic effect. It is not only of high diagnostic value but also can significantly reduce diagnostic surgery. Therefore, CNB could be the preferred examinational method for nodules with suspicious ultrasonic findings.


Assuntos
Biópsia por Agulha , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Biópsia com Agulha de Grande Calibre , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17542, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593133

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) and patient-controlled epidural analgesia are 2 common methods of maintaining analgesia after cesarean section. In recent years, transversus abdominis plane block (TAPB) has been gradually applied clinically to reduce opioid analgesics and has achieved good results. Therefore, we performed this study to compare the efficacy and side effects of TAPB and PCIA in analgesia after cesarean section. METHODS: One hundred patients who underwent cesarean section were randomly classified into 2 groups. Following surgery, one group underwent ultrasound-guided TAPB and the other group underwent PCIA. Pain intensity according to the visual analog scale (VAS; 0 for no pain and 10 for severe intolerable pain) was assessed at 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, and 24-hour postsurgery in both groups. The postoperative complication rate and patient satisfaction were also measured. RESULTS: No significant differences were found in the VAS scores between the groups (P > .05). However, the incidence of postoperative complications in the TAPB group was significantly lower than that in the PCIA group (P < .05). Furthermore, patient satisfaction in the TAPB group was significantly higher than that in the PCIA group (P < .05). CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that ultrasound-guided TAPB can achieve the same analgesic effect as PCIA after cesarean section but with even higher patient satisfaction.


Assuntos
Músculos Abdominais/inervação , Analgesia Controlada pelo Paciente/métodos , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Músculos Abdominais/diagnóstico por imagem , Músculos Abdominais/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Cesárea/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Bloqueio Nervoso/efeitos adversos , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Qualidade de Vida , Escala Visual Analógica
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17192, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567964

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous clinical studies have reported that ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration cytology (UGFNAC) can be used for the diagnosis of thyroid nodules (TN) effectively. However, no study has systematically explored its diagnosis accuracy in patients with TN. Thus, this study will assess its diagnosis accuracy for TN. METHODS: We will perform a comprehensive literature search from the following databases from their inceptions to the present without language restrictions: MEDILINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. We will consider all case-controlled studies investigating the impacts of UGFNAC diagnosis for patients with TN for inclusion. Two authors will independently carry out study selection, data collection, and methodological quality assessment. Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies tool will be used for methodological quality evaluation. We will use RevMan V.5.3 and Stata V.12.0 software to perform statistical analysis. RESULTS: We will apply sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio, negative likelihood ratio, and diagnostic odds ratio to judge the diagnostic accuracy of UGFNAC for TN. CONCLUSION: The results of this study will provide latest evidence for the diagnostic accuracy of UGFNAC for TN. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42019138805.


Assuntos
Biópsia por Agulha Fina , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Biópsia por Agulha Fina/métodos , Humanos , Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos
12.
Arch Esp Urol ; 72(8): 750-758, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31579033

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Renal cryotherapy (RC) is an alternative therapeutic option to partial nephrectomy in elderly patients and/or patients with comorbidities. The technique can be guided by ultrasound, CT and MRI. Although CT is the most used technique, there are no comparative studies. The objective of this study was to review the current status of ultrasound as a guide for the planning and execution of RC. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was carried out in the Pubmed/Medline database following the PRISMA guidelines. We used 42 articles that met the inclusion criteria for the synthesis of the evidence. RESULTS: Ultrasound allows dynamic and real-time monitoring of the entire procedure to guide the biopsy, placement of the cryoprobes, cryoball formation, and early identification of complications. The success rate and recurrences found in the percutaneous renal cryotherapy (PRC) were 97.04% and 1.81%, respectively, with 9.35% complications. The ultrasound during laparoscopic renal cryotherapy (LRC) has been shown to reduce the time spent in localizing the renal mass and also decreases the need for large dissections. On the other hand, contrast-enhanced ultrasound during follow-up shows a concordance with the CT or MRI of 72-96% and no complications have been described associated with its execution. CONCLUSION: Renal cryotherapy guided by ultrasound is a feasible technique, its main advantage is based on real-time monitoring during the procedure. The PRC presents an acceptable rate of complications and excellent oncological results. The LRC allows a rapid localization of the renal mass and reduces extensive dissections. During follow-up, the use of contrast ultrasound is a safe alternative that has been shown to have a good degree of agreement with respect to CT and MRI.


Assuntos
Crioterapia , Neoplasias Renais , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Idoso , Criocirurgia , Crioterapia/métodos , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Renais/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Nefrectomia
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(42): e17398, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626093

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acupotomy is a miniature surgery instrument. It can cut and detach the abnormal, cicatricial, and contractured tissues by causing only microtrauma. Acupotomy has been widely used clinically with a satisfactory efficacy. With the development of ultrasound technology, ultrasound-guided acupotomy has shown great value in clinical practice. But it is not yet clear that ultrasound-guided acupotomy is very effective and safe. Therefore, it is important to re-evaluate the available evidence to reach a relatively convincing conclusion that acupotomy by ultrasound-guided technique is a better choice than traditional acupotomy. The purpose of this systematic review is to provide a method for evaluating the effectiveness and safety of acupotomy by ultrasound-guided technique. METHODS: This systematic review will be performed by searching relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) without any language or publication status restriction from inception to December 2019 by 2 researchers in nine databases (PubMed, Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Chinese literature databases, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database [CBM], China National Knowledge Infrastructure [CNKI], China Science and Journal Database [CSJD], and Wanfang Database). All RCTs evaluating acupotomy by the ultrasound-guided technique will be included in this study. Visual analog scale (VAS) and change of symptom will be assessed as the primary outcomes. The change in the ultrasound image, safety and adverse events, and acceptability will be assessed as secondary outcomes. The selection of study, data collection and analysis, and assessment of the study quality will be completed independently by 2 researchers. RevMan v.5.3 will be used for meta-analysis if no significant heterogeneity is detected. Continuous outcomes will be presented as the mean difference (MD) or standardized MD, while dichotomous data will be expressed as the relative risk. RESULTS: This study will provide a high-quality synthesis of QL and AR to assess the effectiveness and safety of acupotomy by ultrasound-guided technique. CONCLUSION: This systematic review will provide evidence to judge whether acupotomy by ultrasound-guided technique is an effective the efficacy and safety intervention. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42018109070.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto
14.
BMC Surg ; 19(1): 126, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477077

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: When a conservative management of gonarthrosis yields unsatisfactory results, a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is recommended as an alternative approach. The implant survival is crucial for the long-term success of the procedure. However, in case of patients with retained hardware after past orthopedic procedures, providing correct alignment of the implant, which contributes to its longevity, is especially challenging. Here we present the use of an intra-operative ultrasonography for implant positioning in a 83-year-old male, undergoing TKA, without hardware removal, which was contraindicated due to his advanced age and comorbidities. Other imaging modalities taken into consideration are also described. CASE PRESENTATION: The right knee joint was approached with anterior incision. A femoral guide was introduced extramedullary. Ultrasonography was used to pinpoint the center of the femur's head. Tibial's guide was introduced intramedullary followed by a standard cut of the proximal part. Cemented ZIMMER NEXGEN prosthesis was used. Layered closure was applied. The placement of implant in neutral axis was confirmed on radiographs. CONCLUSIONS: Our case demonstrates that ultrasonography might be helpful during TKA-procedure for implant positioning. However, more studies are needed to evaluate accuracy and application of ultrasound in the intraoperative settings.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fêmur/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Radiografia
15.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 15: 283-290, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496717

RESUMO

Angiography remains a widely utilized imaging modality during vascular procedures. Angiography, however, has its limitations by underestimating the true vessel size, plaque morphology, presence of calcium and thrombus, plaque vulnerability, true lesion length, stent expansion and apposition, residual narrowing post intervention and the presence or absence of dissections. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) has emerged as an important adjunctive modality to angiography. IVUS offers precise imaging of the vessel size, plaque morphology and the presence of dissections and guides interventional procedures including stent sizing, assessing residual narrowing and stent apposition and expansion. IVUS-guided treatment has shown to yield superior outcomes when compared to angiography-only guided therapy. The cost-effectiveness of the routine use of IVUS during vascular procedures needs to be further studied.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Humanos , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1022-1029, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484858

RESUMO

Optical coherence tomography (OCT)-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) may increase contrast volume. However, the impact of OCT-guided PCI on the decline in kidney function (DKF) in actual clinical practice remains unclear.Among 1,003 consecutive patients who underwent either OCT-guided or intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided PCI in our institute, we identified 202 propensity score-matched pairs adjusted by baseline factors. The incidence of DKF was compared between the OCT-guided PCI group and the IVUS-guided PCI group. DKF was defined as an increase in serum creatinine level of ≥ 0.5 mg/dL or a relative increase of ≥ 25% over baseline within 48 hours (acute DKF) or 1 month (sustained DKF) after PCI.Baseline characteristics, including the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (54% versus 46%, P = 0.09), were comparable between the OCT- and IVUS-guided PCI groups except for the age. The contrast volume was comparable between the two groups (153 ± 56 versus 144 ± 60 mL, P = 0.09), although it was significantly greater in the OCT-guided PCI group in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS; 175 ± 55 versus 159 ± 43 mL, P = 0.04). The incidence of acute DKF (0.5% versus 2.5%, P = 0.22) and sustained DKF (5.0% versus 10.4%, P = 0.31) was comparable between the two groups. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that ACS (odds ratio 4.74, 95% confidence interval 2.72-8.25, P < 0.001) was a predictor of sustained DKF.Compared with IVUS-guided PCI, OCT-guided PCI did not increase the incidence of DKF in actual clinical practice, although the increased contrast volume was observed in ACS cases.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Lesão Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Meios de Contraste/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesão Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Idoso , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/fisiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Japão , Testes de Função Renal , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Segurança do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/efeitos adversos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/efeitos adversos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/efeitos adversos
17.
Br J Radiol ; 92(1103): 20180309, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31502858

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis is a chronic immunomodulated disease that affects multiple vascular beds and results in a significant worldwide disease burden. Conventional imaging modalities focus on the morphological features of atherosclerotic disease such as the degree of stenosis caused by a lesion. Modern CT, MR and positron emission tomography scanners have seen significant improvements in the rapidity of image acquisition and spatial resolution. This has increased the scope for the clinical application of these modalities. Multimodality imaging can improve cardiovascular risk prediction by informing on the constituency and metabolic processes within the vessel wall. Specific disease processes can be targeted using novel biological tracers and "smart" contrast agents. These approaches have the potential to inform clinicians of the metabolic state of atherosclerotic plaque. This review will provide an overview of current imaging techniques for the imaging of atherosclerosis and how various modalities can provide information that enhances the depiction of basic morphology.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico por Imagem/tendências , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico , Meios de Contraste , Doença das Coronárias/diagnóstico , Humanos , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética/tendências , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Nanopartículas de Magnetita , Imagem Molecular/tendências , Espectrofotometria Infravermelho/tendências , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/tendências , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/tendências , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/tendências , Calcificação Vascular/diagnóstico
18.
Semin Vasc Surg ; 32(1-2): 33-40, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31540655

RESUMO

Vascular ultrasound has proven to be a cornerstone for the management of patients with vascular disease, and is utilized by vascular surgeons in the outpatient clinic, the operating room, and for follow-up after revascularisation. Today vascular surgeons are among the most frequent users of ultrasound apart from radiologists. Mastering the skills of vascular ultrasound and interpretation is best acquired under supervision and is more easily learned as part of the daily practice of vascular surgery. Separating vascular ultrasound into basic and advanced procedures is useful, and basic vascular ultrasound skills should be a part of a vascular surgical training program curriculum. In Europe, certification of vascular surgeons in basic vascular ultrasound via a pass-fail test is in its infancy, preceded by local and national initiatives. In the area of clinical vascular research, duplex ultrasound is superior to most other diagnostic modalities due to its availability and noninvasive nature and ultrasound-based research will in addition to improving patient care generate physicians highly experienced in vascular ultrasound.


Assuntos
Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/métodos , Aprendizagem , Cirurgiões/educação , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/educação , Competência Clínica , Currículo , Humanos
19.
Anaesthesia ; 74(12): 1558-1562, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535722

RESUMO

Thoracic interfascial plane blocks are effective for post-mastectomy acute analgesia. However, their effects on chronic pain are uncertain. We randomly allocated 80 women equally to pectoral nerve-2 (PECS 2) block or serratus plane block. The pectoral nerve-2 block reduced the rate of moderate or severe chronic pain from 13/40 (33%) with the serratus plane block to 4/40 (10%), p = 0.03, adjusted odds ratio (95%CI) 0.23 (0.07-0.80), p = 0.02. The rates of pain-free women at six postoperative months were indeterminate, 10/40 (25%) after serratus plane block vs. 19/40 (48%) after pectoral nerve-2 block, p = 0.06, adjusted odds ratio (95%CI) 2.9 (1.1-7.5), p = 0.03. Health-related quality of life at six postoperative months was similar after serratus plane and pectoral nerve-2 blocks, mean (SD) EQ-5D-3L scores 0.87 (0.15) vs. 0.91 (0.14), respectively, p = 0.21. The pectoral nerve-2 block reduced median (IQR [range]) morphine consumption in the first 24 postoperative hours from 6 (3-9 [1-25]) mg to 4 (2-7 [0-37]) mg, p = 0.04. However, acute pain scores after serratus plane and pectoral nerve-2 blocks were similar, median (IQR [range]) 23 (11-35 [0-70]) mm vs. 18 (11-27 [0-61]) mm, respectively, p = 0.44. Pectoral nerve-2 block reduced chronic pain 6 months after mastectomy compared with serratus plane block.


Assuntos
Mastectomia/efeitos adversos , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Nervos Torácicos , Adulto , Idoso , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Dor Crônica/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morfina/administração & dosagem , Morfina/uso terapêutico , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Adulto Jovem
20.
N Engl J Med ; 381(10): 912-922, 2019 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483962

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endovenous laser ablation and ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy are recommended alternatives to surgery for the treatment of primary varicose veins, but their long-term comparative effectiveness remains uncertain. METHODS: In a randomized, controlled trial involving 798 participants with primary varicose veins at 11 centers in the United Kingdom, we compared the outcomes of laser ablation, foam sclerotherapy, and surgery. Primary outcomes at 5 years were disease-specific quality of life and generic quality of life, as well as cost-effectiveness based on models of expected costs and quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) gained that used data on participants' treatment costs and scores on the EuroQol EQ-5D questionnaire. RESULTS: Quality-of-life questionnaires were completed by 595 (75%) of the 798 trial participants. After adjustment for baseline scores and other covariates, scores on the Aberdeen Varicose Vein Questionnaire (on which scores range from 0 to 100, with lower scores indicating a better quality of life) were lower among patients who underwent laser ablation or surgery than among those who underwent foam sclerotherapy (effect size [adjusted differences between groups] for laser ablation vs. foam sclerotherapy, -2.86; 95% confidence interval [CI], -4.49 to -1.22; P<0.001; and for surgery vs. foam sclerotherapy, -2.60; 95% CI, -3.99 to -1.22; P<0.001). Generic quality-of-life measures did not differ among treatment groups. At a threshold willingness-to-pay ratio of £20,000 ($28,433 in U.S. dollars) per QALY, 77.2% of the cost-effectiveness model iterations favored laser ablation. In a two-way comparison between foam sclerotherapy and surgery, 54.5% of the model iterations favored surgery. CONCLUSIONS: In a randomized trial of treatments for varicose veins, disease-specific quality of life 5 years after treatment was better after laser ablation or surgery than after foam sclerotherapy. The majority of the probabilistic cost-effectiveness model iterations favored laser ablation at a willingness-to-pay ratio of £20,000 ($28,433) per QALY. (Funded by the National Institute for Health Research; CLASS Current Controlled Trials number, ISRCTN51995477.).


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares , Terapia a Laser , Qualidade de Vida , Escleroterapia , Varizes/terapia , Adulto , Análise Custo-Benefício , Procedimentos Endovasculares/economia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Análise de Intenção de Tratamento , Terapia a Laser/economia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Escleroterapia/economia , Escleroterapia/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Varizes/cirurgia
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