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1.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 20(2)jul.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003859

RESUMO

RESUMEN Introducción: la incorporación de la ecografía a los métodos diagnósticos de los aneurismas aórticos abdominales favorece su detección precoz. Objetivo: Describir las características de los pacientes a quienes se les detectó precozmente un aneurisma aórtico abdominal. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en 243 pacientes pertenecientes al área de salud del Hospital Clinicoquirúrgico "General Freyre de Andrade", clasificados como población de riesgo (hombres > 50 años y mujeres > 60 años). El periodo de estudio: noviembre de 2016 a octubre de 2017. Resultados: Se realizó el diagnóstico de aneurisma aórtico abdominal en 2,1 % (n= 5); en estos pacientes prevaleció el grupo de edad de 70 a79 años (80 %) y el sexo masculino (60 %). Los factores de riesgo predominantes fueron el tabaquismo, la hipertensión arterial y la enfermedad arterial periférica, todos con igual porcentaje (100 %). El segmento aórtico más afectado fue el infrarrenal (100 %), los diámetros aórticos predominantes fueron: transversal (3-3,9 cm), longitudinal (5-10 cm) y antero-posterior (3-3,9 cm). La proteína C reactiva estuvo incrementada (mayor de 5 mg/L) en el 100 % de los casos. La claudicación intermitente fue la más frecuente. Conclusiones: A pesar de la baja prevalencia porcentual encontrada, destaca en todos los pacientes con aneurisma aórtico abdominal la presencia de factores de riesgo relevantes como es el tabaquismo, la hipertensión arterial y la enfermedad arterial periférica; incremento en la concentración de la proteína C reactiva, afectación en el segmento infrarrenal así como alto porcentaje con edades por encima de 70 años.


ABSTRACT Introduction: The incidence of abdominal aortic aneurysms in the population benefits from the incorporation of ultrasound to diagnostic methods due to the importance of their early detection. Objective: To describe the characteristics of patients who are early detected with an abdominal aortic aneurysm. Method: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in 243 patients belonging to the health area of "General Freyre de Andrade" Clinical- Surgical Hospital that were classified as a risk population (men > 50 years and women > 60 years). The study was conducted from November 2016 to October 2017. Results: The diagnosis of abdominal aortic aneurysm was performed in 2.1 % (n= 5); in these patients predominated the age group of 70 to 79 years (80 %), male sex (60 %) and white skin color (80 %). The predominant risk factors were smoking habit, arterial hypertension and peripheral arterial disease; all with equal percentage (100 %). The most affected aortic segment was the infrarenal (100 %), the predominant aortic diameters were: transversal (3-3.9 cm), longitudinal (5-10 cm) and anterior-posterior (3-3.9 cm). The C-reactive protein increased (greater than 5 mg/L) in 100 % of the cases. Intermittent claudication was the most frequent. Conclusions: Although the percentage prevalence of the disease was low, it was present in all the patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm, risk factors that are favorable to aneurysms, high concentrations of C-reactive protein, affectation in the infrarenal aortic segment, and high percentage of ages of more than 70 years.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Proteína C-Reativa/ultraestrutura , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Transversais , Fatores de Risco
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(42): e17632, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626148

RESUMO

This study retrospectively analyzed the feasible effectiveness of ultrasound-guided acupotomy (USGAP) for the treatment of frozen shoulder (FS). A total of 36 patients with FS were analyzed in this retrospective study. All 36 patients received extracorporeal shock-wave therapy (ESWT). In addition, 18 of them also underwent USGAP intervention and were assigned to a treatment group, while the other 18 patients did not receive such intervention and were assigned to a control group. The primary efficacy endpoint was pain intensity, as measured by the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS). The secondary efficacy endpoint was assessed by the score of shoulder pain and disability index (SPADI). Furthermore, the adverse events were also documented during the treatment period. All efficacy endpoints were measured after the treatment. After treatment, patients who received USGAP exerted better efficacy endpoints in pain relief, as measured by NRS scale (P < .01), and shoulder disorders, as evaluated by SPADI (P < .01), than subjects who did not receive USGAP. Additionally, no adverse events occurred in either group. The results of this study indicated that USGAP may be used for the treatment of FS effectively. More studies are still needed to warrant the present results.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Bursite/terapia , Tratamento por Ondas de Choque Extracorpóreas/métodos , Terapia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Bursite/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17389, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593090

RESUMO

To examine whether scrotoscopy could be used to diagnose testicular rupture (TR) with accuracy.This retrospective study included all patients receiving scrotoscopy followed by immediate open exploration (OE) for suspected TR at two Chinese tertiary care centers between March 2014 and March 2018.Fifteen patients suspected of having TR were included. TR was considered in 8 patients (8/15) via emergency scrotal ultrasound (ESU) examination. Of these 8 patients, 6 cases as well as 3 other cases, a total of 9 cases (9/15) were confirmed TR by scrotoscopy and OE; the remaining 6 patients (6/15) were found disease free. The presence/absence of TR was identified correctly with scrotoscopy in all 15 cases. The rupture size of the testicular tunica albuginea (TTA) varied from 0.5 to 2 cm. Only 3 cases (3/15) had scrotal wall edema and all quickly recovered. The testis was normal in size and blood flow at 6-month follow-up visit.Scrotoscopy accurately diagnoses TR, and may avoid unnecessary OE, especially for the patients confirmed free of disease.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Diagnóstico Urológico , Doenças Testiculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ruptura Espontânea/diagnóstico por imagem , Escroto/diagnóstico por imagem , Testículo/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17522, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593124

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Corticosteroid injection is beneficial in treating carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) due to its anti-inflammatory effects. However, its side effects limit widespread usage. Recently, several studies have found that polydeoxyribonucleotide offers anti-inflammatory capabilities with fewer side effects, making it an ideal alternative. Nevertheless, there has been no study on its effectiveness in patients with CTS. Therefore, we evaluate the effectiveness of polydeoxyribonucleotide in patients with CTS. Based on the criteria, 30 patients with CTS who received two-consecutive polydeoxyribonucleotide injections (with a week interval) were initially included. METHOD: Patients with CTS were investigated retrospectively. To evaluate the effectiveness of polydeoxyribonucleotide in patients with CTS, numeric rating scale (NRS), cross-sectional area (CSA) of the median nerve, and severity and functional status scores of CTS based on the Boston Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Questionnaire (BCTQ) were assessed. RESULTS: There was a significant improvement in the NRS, CSA, and functional and severity scores of BCTQ after two-consecutive polydeoxyribonucleotide injections (P < .05). CONCLUSION: In conclusion, although more research is needed to evaluate the effectiveness of polydeoxyribonucleotide in patients with CTS, the findings here suggest that polydeoxyribonucleotide may be a viable alternative to corticosteroids in patients with CTS.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/tratamento farmacológico , Nervo Mediano/efeitos dos fármacos , Polidesoxirribonucleotídeos/uso terapêutico , Corticosteroides/efeitos adversos , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções , Masculino , Nervo Mediano/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polidesoxirribonucleotídeos/administração & dosagem , Polinucleotídeos/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia/métodos
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17565, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593140

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Invasive moles occur in the fertile period, with about 95% occurring after previous mole removal and the remaining 5% occurring after several other pregnancies. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 27-year-old patient developed a rare invasive mole two months after a missed abortion. DIAGNOSES: A transvaginal ultrasound scan revealed a 3.6 × 2.9 × 2.4 cm sized lesion with cystic vascular areas within it, within the myometrium of the right fundal posterior region of the uterus. There was no metastasis to other organs. INTERVENTIONS: After administration of methotrexate, the level of beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (ß-hCG) was elevated and liver enzymes were also markedly elevated. She wanted to retain fertility for future pregnancies. After laparoscopic removal of the myometrial invasive mole, the incision site was sutured with a 3-0 V-Loc. OUTCOMES: One year later, a natural pregnancy occurred and a cesarean section was performed at 36 weeks. LESSONS: This is the first reported case of its type. Our case demonstrated that pelviscopic removal of an invasive mole is possible if there are no other metastases, and that future pregnancy and childbirth are still feasible in women of reproductive age.


Assuntos
Mola Hidatiforme Invasiva/cirurgia , Miométrio/cirurgia , Pelve/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Uterinas/cirurgia , Adulto , Gonadotropina Coriônica/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Mola Hidatiforme Invasiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Mola Hidatiforme Invasiva/patologia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Miométrio/patologia , Gravidez , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Neoplasias Uterinas/patologia
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17286, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574847

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to systematically investigate the impact of ultrasound angiography (UA) combined with fine needle aspiration (FNA) for the diagnosis of thyroid nodules (TNs). METHODS: The following electronic databases will be searched: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, Web of Science, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. We will search them from their inceptions to the present without language limitations. We will consider all case-controlled studies on investigating the impact of diagnosis UA combined FNA for TNs. We will apply Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies tool to assess methodological quality for all eligible studies. RESULTS: In this study, outcomes consist of sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio, negative likelihood ratio, and diagnostic odds ratio. All these outcomes will be analyzed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of UA combined with FNA for TNs. CONCLUSION: This study will provide evidence of the diagnostic accuracy of UA combined with FNA for TNs. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42019138884.


Assuntos
Angiografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Biópsia por Agulha Fina/estatística & dados numéricos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Ultrassonografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Angiografia/métodos , Biópsia por Agulha Fina/métodos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Razão de Chances , Projetos de Pesquisa , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos
7.
Ultraschall Med ; 40(5): 560-583, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597173

RESUMO

E-FAST (Extended-Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma) is now a widely utilized and internationally recognized standard exam in trauma care. It is highly accepted by emergency physicians and trauma surgeons alike. Thanks to the popularity of PoCUS (point-of-care ultrasound), it has continued to evolve over the last years and can now improve trauma diagnosis at all stages of the primary ABCDE. This review article summarizes key observations made over recent years and also highlights the extension of FAST into E-FAST in the context of PoCUS and CT developments for modern trauma management. Time has come to learn the lessons from 25 years of FAST and 15 years of E-FAST. We should redefine and position ultrasound in the primary ATLS survey (Advanced Trauma Life Support) on two levels: 1. Basic ATLS with new clinical questions, six additional abdominal image sections and one or more follow-up examinations depending on the clinical situation, and 2. Advanced ATLS with ultrasound applications for the entire trauma ABCDE.


Assuntos
Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Traumatismos Abdominais/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos
8.
Can Assoc Radiol J ; 70(4): 434-440, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585824

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine negative predictive value (NPV) of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) to demonstrate local tumour progression (LTP) at thermal ablation (TA) sites. METHODS: Our institutional review board approved this retrospective study; acquisition of consent was waived. Consecutive CEUS examinations performed between 2004-2014 for TA site evaluation on patients who could not undergo enhanced computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or had inconclusive CT or MRI, were retrospectively reviewed. Those reported as no abnormal enhancement in or surrounding TA site were included. CEUS examination was considered true-negative based on stability or lack of enhancement/washout on follow-up imaging for at least 1 year, and false-negative (FN), if there was an arterially enhancing focus with wash-out at or surrounding TA site on subsequent follow-up imaging. RESULTS: Study population included 56 tumours in 54 patients, 11 women, 43 men; mean age 71 years. Two patients had TA of two different hepatocellular carcinomas. Thirty-six examinations were for hepatic TA and twenty for renal TA. Lesion sizes ranged from 1 cm to 7 cm (mean 3.1 ± 1.2). Mean diameter of 7 recurrences was 13.8 mm. Overall FN rate was 12.5% (7/56). Corresponding numbers were 0% (0/20) for renal TA and 19.4% (7/36) for hepatic TA. Overall NPV of CEUS was 87.5% (49/56) (confidence interval [CI]: 78.8%-96.2%). NPV for renal TA was 100% (20/20) (CI: 100%-100%) and for hepatic TA 81.5% (29/36) (CI: 67.6 %-93.5%). CONCLUSION: In this cohort, CEUS showed high NPV for exclusion of LTP at renal TA sites. NPV for hepatic TA sites was high but lower than renal TA.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ablação por Cateter , Meios de Contraste , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 9: CD012777, 2019 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565799

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accurate diagnosis of tuberculosis in people living with HIV is difficult. HIV-positive individuals have higher rates of extrapulmonary tuberculosis and the diagnosis of tuberculosis is often limited to imaging results. Ultrasound is such an imaging test that is widely used as a diagnostic tool (including point-of-care) in people suspected of having abdominal tuberculosis or disseminated tuberculosis with abdominal involvement. OBJECTIVES: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of abdominal ultrasound for detecting abdominal tuberculosis or disseminated tuberculosis with abdominal involvement in HIV-positive individuals.To investigate potential sources of heterogeneity in test accuracy, including clinical setting, ultrasound training level, and type of reference standard. SEARCH METHODS: We searched for publications in any language up to 4 April 2019 in the following databases: MEDLINE, Embase, BIOSIS, Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Conference Proceedings Citation Index- Science (CPCI-S), and also ClinicalTrials.gov and the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform to identify ongoing trials. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included cross-sectional, cohort, and diagnostic case-control studies (prospective and retrospective) that compared the result of the index test (abdominal ultrasound) with one of the reference standards. We only included studies that allowed for extraction of numbers of true positives (TPs), true negatives (TNs), false positives (FPs), and false negatives (FNs). Participants were HIV-positive individuals aged 15 years and older. A higher-quality reference standard was the bacteriological confirmation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from any clinical specimen, and a lower-quality reference standard was a clinical diagnosis of tuberculosis without microbiological confirmation. We excluded genitourinary tuberculosis. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: For each study, two review authors independently extracted data using a standardized form. We assessed the quality of studies using a tailored Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2 (QUADAS-2) tool. We used the bivariate model to estimate pooled sensitivity and specificity. When studies were few we simplified the bivariate model to separate univariate random-effects logistic regression models for sensitivity and specificity. We explored the influence of the type of reference standard on the accuracy estimates by conducting separate analyses for each type of reference standard. We assessed the certainty of the evidence using the GRADE approach. MAIN RESULTS: We included 11 studies. The risks of bias and concern about applicability were often high or unclear in all domains. We included six studies in the main analyses of any abnormal finding on abdominal ultrasound; five studies reported only individual lesions.The six studies of any abnormal finding were cross-sectional or cohort studies. Five of these (83%) were conducted in low- or middle-income countries, and one in a high-income country. The proportion of participants on antiretroviral therapy was none (1 study), fewer then 50% (4 studies), more than 50% (1 study), and not reported (5 studies). The first main analysis, studies using a higher-quality reference standard (bacteriological confirmation), had a pooled sensitivity of 63% (95% confidence interval (CI) 43% to 79%; 5 studies, 368 participants; very low-certainty evidence) and a pooled specificity of 68% (95% CI 42% to 87%; 5 studies, 511 participants; very low-certainty evidence). If the results were to be applied to a hypothetical cohort of 1000 people with HIV where 200 (20%) have tuberculosis then:- About 382 individuals would have an ultrasound result indicating tuberculosis; of these, 256 (67%) would be incorrectly classified as having tuberculosis (false positives).- Of the 618 individuals with a result indicating that tuberculosis is not present, 74 (12%) would be incorrectly classified as not having tuberculosis (false negatives).In the second main analysis involving studies using a lower-quality reference standard (clinical diagnosis), the pooled sensitivity was 68% (95% CI 45% to 85%; 4 studies, 195 participants; very low-certainty evidence) and the pooled specificity was 73% (95% CI 41% to 91%; 4 studies, 202 participants; very low-certainty evidence). AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: In HIV-positive individuals thought to have abdominal tuberculosis or disseminated tuberculosis with abdominal involvement, abdominal ultrasound appears to have 63% sensitivity and 68% specificity when tuberculosis was bacteriologically confirmed. These estimates are based on data that is limited, varied, and low-certainty.The low sensitivity of abdominal ultrasound means clinicians should not use a negative test result to rule out the disease, but rather consider the result in combination with other diagnostic strategies (including clinical signs, chest x-ray, lateral flow urine lipoarabinomannan assay (LF-LAM), and Xpert MTB/RIF). Research incorporating the test into tuberculosis diagnostic algorithms will help in delineating more precisely its value in diagnosing abdominal tuberculosis or disseminated tuberculosis with abdominal involvement.


Assuntos
Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS/diagnóstico por imagem , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Tuberculose/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
11.
Urologiia ; (4 ()): 25-27, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535794

RESUMO

Imaging studies play a crucial role in the diagnosis of urologic diseases. X-ray and ultrasound studies are used as first-line diagnostic methods. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MD-CT and MRI), radionuclide and hybrid methods allow to clarify diagnosis. Currently, the trend "from simple to complex" contributes to obtaining maximum information in the shortest possible time with a minimum cost.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Diagnóstico Urológico/tendências , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Doenças Urológicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Urologia/tendências , Alemanha , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/tendências , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/tendências , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Ultrassonografia/tendências , Urografia
12.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 52(10): e8122, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531523

RESUMO

Ultrasound-measured inferior vena cava (IVC) and abdominal aorta (Ao)-associated parameters have been used to predict volume status for decades, yet research focusing on the impact of individual physical characteristics, including gender, height/weight, body surface area (BSA), and age, assessed simultaneously on those parameters in Chinese children is lacking. The aim of the present study was to explore the impact of individual characteristics on maximum IVC diameter (IVCmax), Ao, and IVCmax/Ao in healthy Chinese children. From September to December 2015, 200 healthy children from 1 to 13 years of age were enrolled. IVCmax and Ao diameters were measured by 2D ultrasound. We found that age (years), height (cm), weight (kg), waist circumference (cm), and BSA (m2) were positively correlated with IVCmax and Ao. Multivariate linear regression showed that age was the only independent variable for IVCmax (mm) in female children, height was the only independent variable for IVCmax in male children, and age was the only independent variable for Ao in both females and males. IVCmax/Ao was not significantly influenced by the subjects' characteristics. In conclusion, IVCmax and Ao were more susceptible to subjects' characteristics than IVCmax/Ao. IVCmax/Ao could be a reliable and practical parameter in Chinese children as it was independent of age, height, and weight.


Assuntos
Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Veia Cava Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Aorta Abdominal/fisiologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Composição Corporal/fisiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Veia Cava Inferior/fisiologia
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(37): e17103, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517841

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To assess whether the ultrasound (US) is a reliable approach in detecting lower-limb deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) in patients without symptoms of DVT. METHODS: The research team performed a systematic search in PubMed, Ovid, Cochrane, and Web of Science without language or date restrictions. Full-text reports on prospective diagnostic studies involve the detection of lower-limb proximal and distal DVT in patients without symptoms of DVT using US and venography. A meta-analysis was performed using Meta-DiSc (version 1.4), providing the pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive (LR+) and negative (LR-) likelihood ratios of the detection accuracy of US. There were 4 different classes of subgroup analysis-the class of patients stratified by location of US exam (proximal, distal, whole leg), the class stratified by technique (color/doppler, compression, both modalities), the class stratified by kind of surgery (orthopedic, otherwise hospitalized) and the class stratified by era of publishing (1980s, 1990s, 2000s). The study quality and the risk of bias were evaluated using QUADAS-2, with heterogeneity was assessed and quantified by the Q score and I statistics, respectively. RESULTS: The meta-analysis included 26 articles containing 41 individual studies with a total of 3951 patients without symptoms of DVT. Using venography as the gold standard, US for proximal DVT had a pooled sensitivity of 59% (95% confidence interval (CI) = 51%-66%) and a pooled specificity of 98% (95% CI = 97%-98%), US for distal DVT had a poor sensitivity of 43% (95% CI = 38%-48%) and a pooled specificity of 95% (95% CI = 94%-96%), US for whole-leg DVT had a pooled sensitivity of 59% (95% CI = 54%-64%) and a pooled specificity of 95% (95% CI = 94%-96%), US for post-major orthopedic surgery patients had a pooled sensitivity of 52% (95% CI = 49%-55%), and US for other types of patients had a pooled sensitivity of 58% (95% CI = 43%-72%). Pure compression technique for DVT had a poor sensitivity of 43% (95% CI = 39%-48%), pure color/doppler technique for DVT had a pooled sensitivity of 58% (95% CI = 53%-63%), compression and color/doppler technique for DVT had a pooled sensitivity of 61% (95% CI = 48%-74%). CONCLUSION: US could be a useful tool for diagnosing DVT, but it has a lower positive rate and a higher false negative rate. The rate of missed diagnosis of lower-limb DVT by US amounts to 50% or so in the patients without symptoms of DVT. The negative results do not preclude the possibility of DVT and if appropriate heightened surveillance and continued monitoring or try a more accurate inspection method is warranted. The whole leg evaluation and color/doppler technique should be the preferred approach.


Assuntos
Diagnóstico Tardio , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Ultrassonografia/normas , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior/fisiopatologia , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Ultrassonografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Trombose Venosa/epidemiologia
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(37): e17111, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517845

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to systematically assess the effectiveness of high frequency ultrasound (HFUS) on pressure ulcer (PU). METHODS: In this study, PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure will be searched from inception to the present without any language limitations. The primary outcomes include change in ulcer area, and time complete healing. The secondary outcomes consist of proportion of ulcers healed within trial period, quality of life, pain intensity, and adverse events. Cochrane risk of bias tool will be used to assess methodological quality. RevMan 5.3 software (London, UK) will be used to analyze the data. RESULTS: This study will analyze change in ulcer area, time complete healing, proportion of ulcers healed within study period, quality of life, pain intensity, and adverse events on HFUS in patients with PU. CONCLUSION: This study will provide most recent evidence for the effectiveness and safety of HFUS for patients with PU. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42019138177.


Assuntos
Lesão por Pressão/terapia , Ultrassonografia/normas , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Cicatrização
15.
Can Assoc Radiol J ; 70(4): 354-360, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31500858

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Lymphoid hyperplasia can be an important mimicker of acute appendicitis by creating a non-compressible appendix more than 6 mm in diameter. The aim of this study was to evaluate methods of distinguishing lymphoid hyperplasia and appendicitis on the basis of sonography, lamina propria thickness, and Alvarado scoring. METHODS: This retrospective study included 259 patients (142 appendicitis, 117 lymphoid hyperplasia). The US (ultrasound) reports of the patients were reviewed and the maximum diameter of the appendix, the presence or absence of increased echogenicity of the surrounding pericaecal fat, local fluid collection, the presence of reactive lymph nodes in the periappendiceal area, and mural hyperemia within the appendix were recorded. RESULTS: The use of additional sonographic criteria, lamina propria thickness (≤1 mm is indicative for appendicitis), or Alvarado scoring (>6 mm is indicative for appendicitis) provided a true-positive diagnosis for acute appendicitis. CONCLUSION: The presence of local fluid collection in the periappendiceal area and a lamina propria thickness ≤ 1 mm are the most successful parameters for distinguishing appendicitis from lymphoid hyperplasia.


Assuntos
Apendicite/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Linfáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Apendicite/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Hiperplasia , Doenças Linfáticas/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 21(9): 575-579, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31542899

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Isolated fallopian tube torsion (IFTT) is a rare gynecological entity and its diagnosis is challenging. OBJECTIVES: To compare clinical characteristics, sonographic findings, surgical management, and outcomes of women with surgically verified IFTT compared to those diagnosed with adnexal torsion. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study in a university hospital was conducted. Thirty-four women with surgically verified IFTT between March 1991 and June 2017 were compared to 333 women diagnosed with adnexal torsion within the same time period. RESULTS: Both groups presented primarily with abdominal pain, which lasted longer prior to admission among the IFTT group (46.8 ± 39.0 vs. 30.0 ± 39.4 hours, P < 0.001). Higher rates of abdominal tenderness with or without peritoneal signs were found in the adnexal torsion group (90.3% vs. 70.6%, P < 0.001). Sonographic findings were similar; however, an increased rate of hydrosalpinx was found among the IFTT group (5.9% vs. 0.0%, P = 0.008). Suspected adnexal torsion was the main surgical indication in only 61.8% of IFTT cases compared with 79.0% in the adnexal torsion group (P = 0.02). Salpingectomy with or without cystectomy was more commonly performed in the IFTT group (35.3% vs. 1.5%, P < 0.001). The leading pathological findings among the IFTT group were hydrosalpinx and paraovarian cysts. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical signs and symptoms of IFTT and adnexal torsion are similar. Although sonographic imaging demonstrating a paraovarian cyst or hydrosalpinx may be helpful in diagnosing IFTT, it is rarely done preoperatively.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Anexos/diagnóstico por imagem , Anexos Uterinos/diagnóstico por imagem , Anexos Uterinos/cirurgia , Doenças dos Anexos/cirurgia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Doenças das Tubas Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Tubas Uterinas/cirurgia , Tubas Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem , Tubas Uterinas/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Anormalidade Torcional , Ultrassonografia/métodos
17.
Chirurg ; 90(10): 863-872, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531684

RESUMO

The Achilles tendon is the strongest tendon in the human body. Rupture of the Achilles tendon prevents the transmission of forces from the calf muscles to the foot and thus the push-off phase of walking and running is no longer possible. The diagnostics of Achilles tendon rupture are typically based on the symptoms and clinical examination. A palpable gap and the Thompson test are sometimes difficult to evaluate in situations with a large hematoma. Benchmarking for a definitive rupture is the inability to perform a one leg heel raise. Sonography is used to determine the localization of the Achilles tendon and during the dynamic examination enables detection of a possible adaptation of the tendon ends. A complete adaptation of the tendon ends gives the possibility of conservative treatment. Sonographic control examinations after 4 and 8 weeks document the course of healing. A visible increase in volume, especially at the rupture site confirms a normal course of healing. Magnetic resonance imaging enables verification of an Achilles tendon rupture and provides more information about the tendon structure.


Assuntos
Tendão do Calcâneo , Traumatismos dos Tendões , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Tendão do Calcâneo/diagnóstico por imagem , Tendão do Calcâneo/lesões , Tendão do Calcâneo/cirurgia , Calcanhar , Humanos , Ruptura , Traumatismos dos Tendões/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismos dos Tendões/cirurgia
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(31): e16461, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374007

RESUMO

Ultrasonography (USG)-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) is widely used for diagnosis of lymph node (LN) metastasis in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). However, FNA cytology sometimes shows inconclusive results. Recently, the measurement of thyroglobulin (Tg) in FNA washout fluid (aspirate-Tg) has been widely adopted, but there are some difficulties in the preparation of the sample and standardization of the procedure. Here, we examined serum Tg after FNA as a new predictive marker for LN metastasis of PTC. We performed USG-guided FNA cytology and examined aspirate-Tg in PTC patients showing suspicious metastatic LNs during follow-up. We measured baseline serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), Tg, and Tg antibody levels before FNA, and serum Tg level within an hour after FNA. We defined aspirate-Tg level above 0.9 ng/mL as positive, and a 30% increase in serum Tg level after FNA compared to the baseline as elevation of serum Tg. Twenty-two patients were included in our study. Nine patients (40.9%) showed elevation of Tg level after FNA, and the mean value of Tg elevation was 24.8 ±â€Š48.0 ng/mL. Among these 9 patients, 8 were diagnosed with PTC and 1 patient showed cellular atypia on cytopathology. All these patients showed positive aspirate-Tg. Thirteen patients (59.1%) did not show elevation of Tg level after FNA. Among these patients, 2 had PTC, 2 had cellular atypia, and 9 yielded negative results for malignancy on cytopathology. Elevation of serum Tg level after FNA might have a diagnostic role for predicting LN metastasis of PTC.


Assuntos
Biópsia por Agulha/efeitos adversos , Tireoglobulina/análise , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Biópsia por Agulha/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos/lesões , Linfonodos/metabolismo , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tireoglobulina/sangue , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/complicações , Ultrassonografia/métodos
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