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2.
Pflege ; 32(5): 259-266, 2019.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31538876

RESUMO

Safety Walk Rounds - Clinical unit visits with a focus on patient safety Abstract. Background: Safety Walk Rounds are a promising strategy to promote the safety culture and optimising patient safety. The purpose of this study was to explore patient safety attributes in various clinical areas including recommendations for improvement and leadership support. Methods: Safety Walk Rounds were conducted by the chief patient safety officer based on a structured questions format to open patient safety dialogues with clinicians at the ward level. Field notes were utilized for thematic analyses and topic categorization. Results: A total of 187 clinicians (64 % nursing staff, 19 % physicians, 17 % other health care professionals) participated on the Safety Walk Rounds. The discussion findings are presented in five categories: Events & circumstances (potentially) harmful for patients; safety culture; need for local action, as well as the need for leadership support to provide safe care. Conclusion and outlook: Safety Walk Rounds across the hospitals' clinical areas delivered insight into patient safety issues and safety culture with its caregiver's engagement to provide safe care as well as action points for future improvement including leadership support.


Assuntos
Unidades Hospitalares/organização & administração , Segurança do Paciente , Gestão da Segurança/organização & administração , Humanos , Liderança
3.
Rev Infirm ; 68(253): 19-20, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472776

RESUMO

In an approach of global collaboration, the lead nurse in a paediatric haemostasis unit uses her technical and educational role to participate in the management of the child's specific disorder. As a resource person, she coordinates the care and ensures the continuity of the child's care.


Assuntos
Hemostasia , Unidades Hospitalares/organização & administração , Enfermagem Pediátrica/organização & administração , Criança , Humanos , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem
4.
Presse Med ; 48(7-8 Pt 1): e209-e215, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421945

RESUMO

AIM: Identified Palliative Care Beds (Lits Identifiés Soins Palliatifs - LISPs) is a French specificity. Primarily created to integrate palliative care culture into conventional hospital units, the relevance of this measure became a controversial issue. Nowadays, hospital teams continue to frequently encounter complex situations regarding medical care for palliative patients. To the best of our knowledge, there is only one study, a quantitative one, bridging the gap about that subject. It showed failure in practicing palliative care work around LISP. Our study is based on a qualitative method that complements the quantitative study. It aimed to describe difficulties that limit palliative care practices in managing adult patients in LISP. METHOD: This qualitative exploratory survey was conducted with a sample of health service professionals (n=20), from senior physicians to caregivers. Each semi-structured interview included open questions regarding their experiences, feelings and difficulties with palliative care practices on LISP. It also included closed questions concerning interviewee's demographics and career course. The data for this research were submitted to a two-stage analysis: first, a global review of each interview was performed to identify trends. Then, a detailed breakdown, question by question, was implemented. RESULTS: From a quantitative perspective, the interviews revealed 305 difficulties, indicating the gaps and barriers limiting the implementation of a palliative approach in these services. From a qualitative perspective, five topics raised our attention by their recurrence in discourses: (1) partial knowledge about palliative care definition and legislation mostly due to a lack of training; (2) need for time; (3) need for human resources; (4) need for communication; (5) hard time in transitioning from curative to palliative care. PERSPECTIVE: This survey gives the opportunity to understand health service professionals' difficulties in practicing palliative care in conventional medical services. It raises the central issue of the pricing reform on the health institutes activity. It also provides angles of inquiry to improve LISP effectiveness. This qualitative and descriptive study was designed to explore difficulties in practicing palliative care around LISP. Nevertheless, according to the size of the sample, results will need to be confirmed by a more extensive qualitative survey.


Assuntos
Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Unidades Hospitalares/organização & administração , Cuidados Paliativos/organização & administração , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Padrões de Prática Médica , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Cuidadores/organização & administração , Cuidadores/normas , Barreiras de Comunicação , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Assistência à Saúde/métodos , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Assistência à Saúde/normas , Arquitetura de Instituições de Saúde/normas , França , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Número de Leitos em Hospital , Unidades Hospitalares/normas , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Satisfação no Emprego , Cuidados Paliativos/psicologia , Cuidados Paliativos/normas , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Padrões de Prática Médica/organização & administração , Padrões de Prática Médica/normas , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/normas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Nurs Manag (Harrow) ; 26(1): 22-25, 2019 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468751

RESUMO

Intentional rounding was introduced in the UK in 2012 to improve direct nursing care. Liverpool Women's NHS Foundation Trust (LWFT) introduced intentional nursing rounds, called comfort rounds, in 2013. These are carried out and documented by nursing staff who check the patients in their care every two hours, particularly in relation to pain management, nutritional needs, hygiene and toilet needs, and overall comfort. In September 2015, LWFT introduced daily matron ward rounds (MWRs) following a directive from the trust's chief executive to provide assurance that comfort rounds were completed and that patient feedback was acted on in a timely manner. This article presents findings from an evaluation of the initiative and describes how daily MWRs improve patient experience and staff morale but are resource intensive. Further qualitative research of their effect on staff morale and well-being, as well as patient experience, is recommended.


Assuntos
Unidades Hospitalares/organização & administração , Moral , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Visitas com Preceptor , Humanos , Pesquisa em Avaliação de Enfermagem , Medicina Estatal , Reino Unido
6.
Nurs Manag (Harrow) ; 26(2): 22-29, 2019 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468760

RESUMO

The number of older people with multiple co-morbidities and cognitive impairment being admitted to hospital is increasing, and behavioural disturbances, such as confusion, agitation and delirium, are becoming commonplace. The need for nursing teams to manage the patients with such disturbances has led to the proliferation of one-to-one nursing or close observation, anecdotally known as 'specialing'. This article describes the implementation and outcomes of a new framework for providing enhanced supervision of patients in clinical wards run by the Cardiff and Vale University Health Board, one of the largest acute providers of care in Wales.


Assuntos
Unidades Hospitalares/organização & administração , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Cuidados de Enfermagem/organização & administração , Segurança do Paciente , Idoso , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/enfermagem , Humanos , Multimorbidade , Pesquisa em Avaliação de Enfermagem , Organização e Administração , Medicina Estatal , País de Gales/epidemiologia
7.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 15(4): 211-217, jul.-ago. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-184413

RESUMO

Objective: Considering the increased fracture risk in early breast cancer patients treated with aromatase inhibitors (AI), we assessed the impact of a preventive intervention conducted by a specialized osteoporosis unit on bone health at AI treatment start. Material and methods: Retrospective cohort of postmenopausal women who started treatment with AI after breast cancer surgical/chemotherapy treatment and were referred to the osteoporosis unit for a comprehensive assessment of bone health. Bone densitometry and fracture screening by plain X-ray were performed at the baseline visit and once a year for 5 years. Results: The final record included 130 patients. At AI treatment start, 49% had at least one high-risk factor for fractures, 55% had osteopenia, and 39% osteoporosis. Based on the baseline assessment, 79% of patients initiated treatment with bisphosphonates, 88% with calcium, and 79% with vitamin D. After a median of 65 (50-77) months, 4% developed osteopenia or osteoporosis, and 14% improved their densitometric diagnosis. Fifteen fractures were recorded in 11 (8.5%) patients, all of them receiving preventive treatment (10 with bisphosphonates). During the follow-up period, patients with one or more high-risk factors for fracture showed a greater frequency of fractures (15% vs. 3%) and experienced the first fracture earlier than those without high-risk factors (mean of 99 and 102 months, respectively; P=0.023). Conclusions: The preventive intervention of a specialized unit at the start of AI treatment in breast cancer survivors allows the identification of patients with high fracture risk and may contribute to preventing bone events in these patients


Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto de la intervención preventiva de una unidad de osteoporosis en supervivientes de cáncer de mama que inician un tratamiento con inhibidores de la aromatasa (IA). Material y métodos: Estudio retrospectivo en mujeres posmenopáusicas con cáncer de mama precoz que iniciaron un tratamiento con IA tras la cirugía y/o quimioterapia, derivadas a la unidad de osteoporosis para una evaluación de la salud ósea, incluyendo densitometrías óseas y búsqueda sistemática de fracturas mediante Rx al inicio del tratamiento y anualmente durante 5 años. Resultados: Se incluyeron 130 pacientes. Al inicio del tratamiento con IA el 49% tenía al menos un factor de riesgo alto para fracturas, el 55% osteopenia y el 39% osteoporosis. Tras la evaluación inicial, el 79% de las pacientes inició un tratamiento con bifosfonatos, el 88% con calcio y el 79% con vitamina D. Tras una mediana de 65 (50-77) meses, el 4% desarrolló osteopenia u osteoporosis y el 14% mejoró el diagnóstico densitométrico. Se registraron 15 fracturas en 11 (8,5%) pacientes, todas ellas en tratamiento preventivo. Durante el seguimiento, las pacientes con ≥1 factores de riesgo altos registraron una mayor frecuencia de fracturas (15 vs. 3%) y un menor tiempo hasta la primera fractura (media de 99 vs. 102 meses; p=0,023). Conclusiones: La intervención preventiva de una unidad de osteoporosis al inicio del tratamiento con IA en supervivientes de cáncer de mama permite identificar pacientes con un elevado riesgo de fracturas y puede contribuir a la prevención de eventos óseos en estas pacientes


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Unidades Hospitalares/organização & administração , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Inibidores da Aromatase/uso terapêutico , Osteoporose/prevenção & controle , Sobreviventes de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Inibidores da Aromatase/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/prevenção & controle , Avaliação de Resultado de Ações Preventivas , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 15(4): 237-241, jul.-ago. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-184417

RESUMO

Objective: To describe patient's characteristics, the activity and patient's satisfaction with a multidisciplinary care unit in patients with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Methods: A retrospective medical records review of patients with psoriasis or PsA attended in a multidisciplinary care unit was performed. Included patients were contacted to fulfill a satisfaction questionnaire. A specific electronic database was set up. Data regarding to patients and their baseline characteristics and the activity of the unit were collected. Descriptive analysis were performed. Results: A total of 112 patients with 154 visits were included in almost 3 years, 54% women, with a mean age of 51 years, 43.7% presented hyperlipidemia and 30.4% arterial hypertension. Half of patients were referred due to diagnostic doubts and the other half for therapeutic problems. After the evaluation of the patients, 66 patients (58.9%) met diagnostic criteria for PsA, and 13 (11.6%) of an inflammatory disease other than PsA, and 95% came back to their usual physician. The most ordered test were laboratory tests (75.6% of patients), followed by X-rays in 57 patients (51.3%). In general the number of patients with different treatments increased, and 55.4% and 42% of patients changed their topic and systemic treatments respectively. The level of satisfaction was very high and all of patients considered that their disease was better controlled in this multidisciplinary care unit. Conclusions: This multidisciplinary care unit has improved the care and satisfaction of patients with psoriasis or PsA, and increased collaboration between rheumatology and dermatology departments


Objetivo: Describir las características de los pacientes, la actividad registrada, así como la satisfacción percibida, de una consulta de atención multidisciplinar para pacientes con psoriasis o artritis psoriásica (APs). Métodos: Estudio observacional retrospectivo con revisión de historias clínicas de todos los pacientes atendidos en la consulta de atención multidisciplinar. Se contactó con todos ellos para que contestasen una encuesta de satisfacción. Varios investigadores recogieron datos sociodemográficos y clínicos, así como administrativos incluyendo el número de visitas en una base de datos especialmente generada para este proyecto. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo. Resultados: Se incluyó a 112 pacientes con 154 visitas en casi 3 años, 54% mujeres, y una edad media de 51 años; el 43,7% presentó hiperlipidemia y el 30,4% hipertensión arterial. La mitad fueron referidos por dudas diagnósticas y la otra por problemas terapéuticos. Tras su evaluación, 66 pacientes (58,9%) cumplieron los criterios diagnósticos de APs y 13 (11,6%) de una enfermedad inflamatoria distinta. El 95% regresó a su médico habitual. La pruebas complementarias más solicitadas fueron analíticas (75,6%) y radiografías simples (51,3%). En general, el número de pacientes con nuevos tratamientos aumentó y el 55,4 y el 42% de los pacientes cambiaron sus tratamientos tópico y sistémico, respectivamente. El nivel de satisfacción fue muy alto y todos los pacientes consideraron que su enfermedad estaba mejor controlada en esta unidad. Conclusiones: Esta consulta de atención multidisciplinar ha mejorado el manejo y satisfacción de pacientes con psoriasis o APs y ha incrementado la colaboración entre los servicios de Reumatología y Dermatología


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psoríase/terapia , Artrite Psoriásica/terapia , Unidades Hospitalares/organização & administração , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 460, 2019 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31286979

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MOREOB (Managing Obstetrical Risk Efficiently) is a patient safety program for health care providers and administrators in hospital obstetric units. MOREOB has been implemented widely in Canada and gradually spread to the United States. The main goal of MOREOB is to build a patient safety culture and improve clinical outcomes. In 2013, 26 Ontario hospitals voluntarily accepted provincial funding to participate in MOREOB. The purpose of our study was to assess the effect of MOREOB on participant knowledge, organizational culture, and experiences implementing and participating in the program at these 26 Ontario hospitals. METHODS: A convergent parallel mixed-methods study in Ontario, Canada, with MOREOB participants from 26 hospitals. The quantitative component used a descriptive pre-post repeated measures design to assess participant knowledge and perception of culture, administered pre-MOREOB and after each of the three MOREOB modules. Changes in mean scores were assessed using mixed-effects regression. The qualitative component used a qualitative descriptive design with individual semi-structured interviews. We used content analysis to code, categorize, and thematically describe data. A convergent parallel design was used to triangulate findings from data sources. RESULTS: 308 participants completed the knowledge test, and 329 completed the culture assessment at all four time points. Between baseline and post-Module 3, statistically significant increases on both scores were observed, with an increase of 7.9% (95% CI: 7.1 to 8.8) on the knowledge test and an increase of 0.45 (on a scale of 1-5, 95% CI: 0.38 to 0.52) on the culture assessment. Interview participants (n = 15) described improvements in knowledge, interprofessional communication, ability to provide safe care, and confidence in skills. Facilitators and barriers to program implementation and sustainability were identified. CONCLUSIONS: Participants were satisfied with their participation in the MOREOB program and perceived that it increased health care provider knowledge and confidence, improved safety for patients, and improved communication between team members. Additionally, mean scores on knowledge tests for obstetric content and culture assessment improved. The MOREOB program can help organizations and individuals improve care by concentrating on the human and organizational aspects of patient safety. Further work to improve program implementation and sustainability is required.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Unidades Hospitalares/organização & administração , Obstetrícia/organização & administração , Cultura Organizacional , Adulto , Comunicação , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Relações Interprofissionais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ontário , Segurança do Paciente , Gravidez , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Gestão da Segurança , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Ann Pharm Fr ; 77(5): 363-373, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257018

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The sterilization unit of Pitié-Salpêtrière-Charles Foix hospital group is ISO 9001 certified on one of its sites. The purpose of this work is to describe how the unit prepared for the transition from the 2008 version to the 2015 version of the standard, as well as the conduct of the audit. METHODS: The pharmaceutical team has received prior training from French national organization for standardization (Afnor) to understand the new requirements and how to apply them to the sterilization unit. SWOT and PESTEL methods were used. A 3-month retro planning has been established. Deadlines were the annual management review and the certification audit. Audits carried out by the Quality and Risk Management Department helped to identify the priorities. RESULTS: The compliance of the quality management system (QMS) has led to the identification of internal and external challenges, relevant stakeholders and risks and opportunities. Management leadership and communication has been strengthened and control over external providers has improved. The auditor did not identify any non-compliance, but said that the system had to mature regarding the recent application of the new requirements. CONCLUSIONS: The QMS is more effective, new strengths and weaknesses have been identified and requirements of the unit and stakeholders have been better defined. The pharmaceutical investment necessary for this approach has been important. Involvement in the quality approach of all the staff of the unit lies to the success of the project.


Assuntos
Certificação , Unidades Hospitalares/normas , Esterilização/normas , Comunicação , França , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Unidades Hospitalares/organização & administração , Humanos , Liderança , Auditoria Médica , Medição de Risco , Gestão da Qualidade Total
11.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 31(5): 637-640, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31198155

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of lean management on cost control of single disease in patients with acute cerebral infarction (ACI) in stroke center. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted. The patients with ACI who underwent intravenous thrombolysis in the stroke center of Taizhou Central Hospital in Zhejiang Province were enrolled. Thirty patients adopted traditional management procedures from July 2016 to September 2017 were enrolled in the control group, and 32 patients received lean management from October 2017 to December 2018 were enrolled in the lean group. The patients in the control group were treated with traditional intravenous thrombolysis, and the patients were sent to the neurology ward for intravenous thrombolysis. The patients in the lean group applied lean management value stream to optimize process management, the lean management team of the stroke center was established, and the green channel for stroke treatment was established to eliminate the waiting time as far as possible. The location of thrombolysis was changed from neurology ward to the neurological intensive care unit (NICU) in emergency department. The patients in the two groups were compared in terms of intravenous thrombolytic door-to-needle time (DNT), admission time to the neurologist's visit time (T1), CT examination time to neurology ward or NICU admission time (T2), neurology ward/NICU visit time to medication time (T3), and the proportion of patients with DNT controlled within 40 minutes, recovery of neurological impairment 7 days after thrombolysis [national institutes of health stroke scale (NIHSS) score], activity of daily living assessment (Barthel index), length of hospital stay, cost of hospital stay and patient satisfaction. At the same time, the main process quality and the implementation rate of easily missed indexes of cerebral infarction single disease were recorded. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, DNT, T1 and T2 in the lean group were significantly shortened [DNT (minutes): 39.56±11.12 vs. 63.03±19.63, T1 (minutes): 16.23±6.79 vs. 33.48±12.63, T2 (minutes): 13.45±3.84 vs. 17.47±5.56, all P < 0.01], T3 was slightly shortened (minutes: 9.88±1.95 vs. 10.95±2.69, P > 0.05), and the proportion of DNT control within 40 minutes was significantly increased [75.0% (24/32) vs. 16.7% (5/30), P < 0.01], the 7-day NIHSS score was decreased significantly (8.66±4.12 vs. 13.00±5.63, P < 0.01), 7-day Barthel index was increased significantly (71.6±16.7 vs. 54.7±17.1, P < 0.01), the length of hospital stay was significantly shortened (days: 9.69±4.06 vs. 12.47±3.83, P < 0.01), the hospital costs were significantly reduced (Yuan: 16 338±5 481 vs. 19 470±5 495, P < 0.05), the satisfaction of patients was improved significantly [(91.38±2.69)% vs. (86.53±2.78)%, P < 0.01]. In terms of the implementation rate of quality indicators such as pre-application evaluation of thrombolytic drugs, evaluation of dysphagia, and evaluation of vascular function, health education of ACI, rehabilitation evaluation and implementation within 24 hours, etc., the lean group was significantly improved as compared with the control group [(87.5% (28/32) vs. 53.3% (16/30), 96.9% (31/32) vs. 73.3% (22/30), 78.1% (25/32) vs. 43.3% (13/30), 100.0% (32/32) vs. 76.7% (23/30), 75.0% (24/32) vs. 33.3% (10/30), all P < 0.05]. CONCLUSIONS: Lean thinking can realize the standardization of stroke center process, effectively utilize medical resources, improve medical quality and reduce the cost of cerebral infarction single disease.


Assuntos
Infarto Cerebral/economia , Unidades Hospitalares/organização & administração , Infarto Cerebral/terapia , Controle de Custos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 15(3): 156-164, mayo-jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184368

RESUMO

Objetivo: El paradigma actual en el tratamiento de la artritis reumatoide (AR) contempla el diagnóstico temprano y el uso precoz de fármacos modificadores de enfermedad (FAME) para alcanzar la remisión o baja actividad inflamatoria, lo cual, se conoce como «treat to target» (T2T). El objetivo del trabajo es desarrollar un indicador compuesto (IC) para evaluar la calidad asistencial en el manejo de los pacientes con AR atendiendo a la estrategia T2T y a otras recomendaciones generales para la atención de estos pacientes. Material y método: La construcción del IC siguió las fases: 1) selección de los criterios de calidad mediante un juicio de expertos; 2) priorización de los criterios, a partir de un Delphi con 20 expertos; 3) diseño de los indicadores de calidad, y 4) cálculo del IC ponderado. La fuente de información para el cálculo del IC son las historias clínicas de los pacientes con AR. Resultados: De los 37 criterios seleccionados, 12 necesitaron una segunda ronda Delphi. Se priorizaron 31 criterios, los cuales presentaron una mediana en relevancia y factibilidad, en las rondas Delphi, mayor o igual a 7,5, con un rango intercuartílico inferior a 3,5, y un grado de acuerdo (puntuación mayor o igual a 8) igual o superior al 80%. Conclusiones: El IC construido, consensuado y ponderado, permite evaluar la calidad asistencial de los pacientes con AR, en las Unidades de Reumatología de hospitales españoles, ofreciendo una medida resumen válida y fácilmente interpretable


Objective: The current guidelines in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) include the early diagnosis and early use of disease modifying drugs to achieve remission or low disease activity level, known as "Treat to Target" (T2T). The objective of this study is to develop a composite indicator (CI) to evaluate the quality of care in the management of patients with RA, according to the T2T strategy and other general recommendations concerning the management of these patients. Material and method: The phases of the construction of the CI were: 1) selection of quality criteria through expert judgment; 2) prioritization of the criteria, according to relevance and feasibility, applying the Delphi methodology (two rounds) involving 20 experts; 3) design of quality indicators; and 4) calculation of the weighted CI, using the mean value in relevance and feasibility granted by the experts. The source of information for the calculation of the CI are the medical records of patients with RA. Results: Twelve criteria out of 37 required a second Delphi round. Thirty-one criteria were prioritized. These criteria presented a median in relevance and feasibility greater than or equal to 7.5, with an interquartile range of less than 3.5, and a level of agreement (score greater than or equal to 8) greater than or equal to 80%. Conclusions: The constructed CI allows us to evaluate the quality of care of patients with RA following the T2T strategy in the rheumatology units of Spanish hospitals, offering a valid and easily interpretable summary measure


Assuntos
Humanos , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Unidades Hospitalares/organização & administração , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Assistência à Saúde/tendências , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde
13.
Prog. obstet. ginecol. (Ed. impr.) ; 62(3): 216-220, mayo-jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-185001

RESUMO

Care process re-engineering combining patient in situ simulation with a systems-based approach has proven useful for improving the quality of care of patients with postpartum hemorrhage. However, new processes are not always transferred to clinical practice. We studied the degree of implementation of a new process and the reasons for introducing it. Professionals managing postpartum hemorrhages between January 15 and April 4, 2018 were interviewed and completed anonymous questionnaires. An ethnographic analysis of the workplace was also carried out. There was bleeding in 1.26% of deliveries, and the massive hemorrhage protocol was activated in 0.47%. The data collected were categorized according to a sociotechnical health system-based approach, including human, social and organizational factors, as well as clinical, technical, and architectural aspects. All participants interviewed found the new process and the flowchart useful for the management of hemorrhage. Only 12.5% of the incidents detected were clinical, and the rest were related to the system. Modifications introduced after the analysis included placing all drugs and instructions for the hemorrhage kit in a single location and signaling this in the flowchart, moving the flowchart to a more accessible location, and removing the old process protocol and disseminating the current one among new staff. The redesign of the postpartum hemorrhage care process combining in situ simulation with a sociotechnical health system-based approach is viable and well accepted by clinicians


La reingeniería de procesos asistenciales combinando la simulación clínica con un enfoque al sistema de trabajo se ha mostrado como un método útil para mejorar la calidad de la atención a la hemorragia posparto. Sin embargo, en ocasiones los nuevos procesos diseñados no se llevan a la práctica clínica. Se estudió el grado de implantación de un nuevo proceso y las causas que lo condicionaron. Se realizaron entrevistas individuales y cuestionarios anónimos a quienes asistieron las hemorragias postparto ocurridas entre el 15 enero y el 4 abril, 2018, y un análisis etnográfico del lugar de trabajo. Hubo sangrado en 1,26% de los partos y se activó el protocolo de hemorragia masiva en 0,47% de ellos. Los datos recogidos se categorizaron según el enfoque del diseño de sistemas socio-técnicos, incluyendo factores humanos, sociales y organizacionales, así como aspectos clínicos, técnicos y arquitectónicos. Todos los entrevistados encontraron útil el nuevo proceso, así como el flujograma para guiar el manejo de la hemorragia. El 12,5% de las incidencias detectadas fueron clínicas y el resto del sistema. Tras el análisis se introdujeron modificaciones incluyendo la colocación de todos los fármacos e instrucciones del kit de hemorragia en una única localización indicándolo en el flujograma, cambiar de ubicación el mapa del proceso, retirar el antiguo proceso y difundir el actual entre el nuevo personal. El rediseño del proceso de atención a la hemorragia masiva postparto combinando la simulación con un enfoque al sistema sanitario socio-técnico es viable y aceptado por los profesionales


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/terapia , Melhoria de Qualidade/organização & administração , Eficiência Organizacional/tendências , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)/métodos , Algoritmos , Unidades Hospitalares/organização & administração , Protocolos Clínicos
14.
J Nurs Adm ; 49(6): 315-322, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31135639

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study determined whether 1 health system's frontline nursing model redesign to integrate clinical nurse leaders (CNLs) improved care quality and outcome score consistency. METHODS: Interrupted time-series design was used to measure patient satisfaction with 7 metrics before and after formally integrating CNLs into a Michigan healthcare system. Analysis generated estimates of quality outcome: a) change point; b) level change; and c) variance, pre-post implementation. RESULTS: The lowest-performing unit showed significant increases in quality scores, but there were no significant increases at the hospital level. Quality metric consistency increased significantly for every indicator at the hospital and unit level. CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the 1st study quantifying quality outcome consistency before and after nursing care delivery redesign with CNLs. The significant improvement suggests the CNL care model is associated with production of stable clinical microsystem practices that help to reduce clinical variability, thus improving care quality.


Assuntos
Liderança , Enfermeiras Clínicas/organização & administração , Cuidados de Enfermagem/organização & administração , Cuidados de Enfermagem/normas , Melhoria de Qualidade/estatística & dados numéricos , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Unidades Hospitalares/organização & administração , Humanos , Análise de Séries Temporais Interrompida , Michigan , Modelos de Enfermagem , Pesquisa em Avaliação de Enfermagem , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos
15.
Cir Esp ; 97(5): 254-260, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30981466

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The technical, human, scientific and treatment characteristics of the Units that manage complex pathologies have not been studied in depth. METHODS: Multi-institutional descriptive study (survey) developed jointly by the Hepatobiliary-Pancreatic Division of the Spanish Association of Surgeons and the Spanish Chapter of the IHPBA (International Hepatopancreatobiliary Association) on the characteristics of the Units where pancreatic surgery is performed in Spain. RESULTS: 82 surveys were sent. 69 medical centers responded (84%), belonging to 16 autonomous regions of Spain. The total population of these regions was 23,183,262 (50% of the Spanish population). The average number of beds per hospital was 673. The unit that performs pancreatic surgery is a Hepatobiliary-Pancreatic Surgery Unit or HPB and Liver Transplant Surgery Unit in 56 hospitals (77%). The average number of surgeons is 4.5 per Unit. Fifty-five Units (80%) lack specific anesthetists. The number of pancreatectomies performed during 2017 at the hospitals surveyed was 1,315 pancreaticoduodenectomies (PD), 566 distal pancreatectomies (DP) and 178 total pancreaticoduodenectomies (TPD). The mean per hospital was 19.1 PD, 8.2 DP and 2.6 TPD. PD was usually performed using a classic approach, with pancreatojejunostomy, single-loop technique, antecolic gastrojejunostomy and using two drain tubes. Only 7 Units performed PD laparoscopically and only 13 units did not perform laparoscopic DP. CONCLUSIONS: This survey provides updated information about the majority of the Units where pancreatic surgery is performed in Spain and could also serve as a starting point for prospective multicenter studies.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Pâncreas/cirurgia , Pancreatopatias/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Unidades Hospitalares/organização & administração , Unidades Hospitalares/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Prática Profissional/estatística & dados numéricos , Espanha
16.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 40(spe): e20180264, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30970104

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the organizational structure of the Patient Safety Centers. METHOD: This is an exploratory and descriptive study with 12 coordinators of the Patient Safety Center. Data were collected using a structured and validated questionnaire with two evaluation domains based on Donabedian's triad of structure and process. RESULTS: The Patient Safety Center was implemented in the services with the participation and support of senior management. Human resources and materials are shared with other sectors. Points for improvement were identified regarding the center's activities, sentinel event prevention, risk management strategies, and professional training. CONCLUSION: Strategies are needed to ensure a non-punitive culture, event notification, sentinel event prevention, core activities, risk management, and professional training.


Assuntos
Unidades Hospitalares/organização & administração , Segurança do Paciente/normas , Brasil , Humanos
18.
Gac. méd. espirit ; Vol. 21(1)Ene-Abr 2019. Tablas, Gráficos
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-998573

RESUMO

Estudios preliminares en entidades hospitalarias detectaron dificultades que inciden en el desempeño del proceso de almacenamiento, bajo nivel de intercambio de información en tiempo real, demoras en el servicio por insuficiente uso de tecnologías, falta de capacitación del personal acompañada de su alta fluctuación. Aplicar un índice integral de calidad de la gestión de almacenes, para perfeccionar el proceso de almacenamiento en entidades hospitalarias, como contribución a la mejora de la satisfacción del cliente. A partir del establecimiento del índice integral de calidad de la gestión de almacenes por dimensiones y variables, se identificaron las principales causas que entorpecían el servicio y se propusieron alternativas de solución. Como complemento a los análisis se utilizaron los diagramas de Pareto y causa-efecto(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Gestão da Qualidade , Serviços de Saúde/provisão & distribução , Unidades Hospitalares/organização & administração
20.
Sanid. mil ; 75(1): 27-39, ene.-mar. 2019. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183702

RESUMO

El Buque de Proyección Estratégica L-61 Juan Carlos I (L-61 JC I) es el buque de mayores dimensiones que ha tenido la Armada española en toda su historia. Puede desarrollar cuatro perfiles de misión: anfibio, portaviones, transporte estratégico y ayuda humanitaria. En todos ellos su capacidad sanitaria Role 2 juega un papel determinante gracias a las importantes prestaciones médicas con las que cuenta el buque. Las maniobras FLOTEX-17 realizadas en el Mar Mediterráneo en junio de 2017 en las que participaron 29 buques y más de 3500 efectivos fue la primera vez que embarcó un Role 2 en el L-61 JC I. El objetivo de este artículo es describir las características técnicas y sanitarias del buque, las lecciones identificadas obtenidas tras las maniobras navales y analizar las semejanzas y diferencias de buques similares de marinas de guerra aliadas


Strategic Projection Ship L-61 Juan Carlos I (L-61 JC I) is the largest ship that the Spanish Navy has had in its history. This warship can develop four mission profiles: amphibian, aircraft carrier, strategic transport and humanitarian aid. In all of them, Role 2 medical capacity and capability plays a decisive role thanks to the important medical benefits available in the ship. FLOTEX-17 maneuvers carried out in the Mediterranean Sea in June 2017 with the participation of 29 warships and more than 3,500 navy members was the first time that a Role 2 was shipped in the L-61 JC I. The purpose of this article is to describe warship technical and medical characteristics, lessons identified after the naval maneuvers and analyze the similarities and differences of similar warships of allied navies


Assuntos
Humanos , Medicina Naval/organização & administração , Medicina Naval/normas , Navios/normas , Hospitais Militares/normas , Saneamento de Navios , Unidades Hospitalares/organização & administração , Unidades Hospitalares/normas , Hospitais Militares/organização & administração , Número de Leitos em Hospital/normas , Espanha , Reino Unido , França , Alemanha , Itália , Estados Unidos
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