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1.
J Ambul Care Manage ; 46(1): 25-33, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35943352

RESUMO

Primary care providers (PCPs), including physicians and advanced practice providers, are the front line of medical care. Patient access must balance PCP availability and patient needs. This work develops a new PCP staffing metric using panel size and full-time equivalent data to determine whether a clinic is adequately staffed and describes variation by clinic rurality. Data were from the Veterans Health Administration, 2017-2021. Results describe the gap staffing metric, provide summary graphics, and compare the gap staffing between rural and urban clinics. This novel gap staffing metric can inform strategic clinic staffing in health care systems.


Assuntos
População Rural , Saúde dos Veteranos , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Recursos Humanos , Atenção à Saúde , Atenção Primária à Saúde , United States Department of Veterans Affairs
2.
J Ambul Care Manage ; 46(1): 45-53, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36036980

RESUMO

Intensive management programs may improve health care experiences among high-risk and complex patients. We assessed patient experience among (1) prior enrollees (n = 59) of an intensive management program (2014-2018); (2) nonenrollees (n = 356) at program sites; and (3) nonprogram site patients (n = 728), using a patient survey based on the Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems in 2019. Outcomes included patient ratings of patient-centered care; overall health care experience; and satisfaction with their usual outpatient care provider. In multivariate models, enrollees were more satisfied with their current provider versus nonenrollees within program sites (adjusted odds ratio 2.36; 95% confidence interval 1.15-4.85).


Assuntos
United States Department of Veterans Affairs , Veteranos , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Saúde dos Veteranos , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Satisfação do Paciente , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente
3.
JAMA Netw Open ; 5(11): e2242048, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36374497

RESUMO

Importance: Primary care physicians (PCPs) are significant contributors of early cancer detection, yet few studies have investigated whether consistent primary care translates to improved downstream outcomes. Objective: To evaluate the association of prediagnostic primary care use with metastatic disease at diagnosis and cancer-specific mortality (CSM). Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study used databases with primary care and referral linkage from multiple Veterans' Affairs centers from 2004 to 2017 and had a 68-month median follow-up. Analysis was completed between July 2021 and September 2022. Participants included veterans older than 39 years who had been diagnosed with 1 of 12 cancers. Inclusion criteria included known clinical staging, survival follow-up, cause of death, and receiving care at the Veterans Affairs health system (VA). Exposures: Prediagnostic PCP use, measured in the 5 years prior to diagnosis. PCP visits were binned into none (0 visits), some (1-4 visits), and annual (5 visits). Main Outcomes and Measures: Metastatic disease at diagnosis, cancer-specific mortality (CSM) for entire cohort and stratified by tumor subtype. Results: Among 245 425 patients representing 12 tumor subtypes, mean age was 65.8 (9.3) years, and the cohort skewed male (97.6%), and White (76.1%), with higher levels of comorbidity (58.6% with Charlson Comorbidity Index scores ≥2). Compared with no prior visit, some PCP use was associated with 26% decreased odds of metastatic disease at diagnosis (odds ratio [OR], 0.74; 95% CI, 0.71-0.76; P < .001) and 12% reduced risk of CSM (subdistribution hazard ratio [SHR], 0.88; 95% CI, 0.86-0.89; P < .001). Annual PCP use was associated with 39% decreased odds of metastatic disease (OR, 0.61; 95% CI, 0.59-0.63; P < .001) and 21% reduced risk of CSM (SHR, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.77-0.81; P < .001). Among tumor subtypes, prostate cancer had the largest effect size for prior PCP use on metastatic disease at diagnosis (OR for annual use, 0.32; 95% CI, 0.30-0.35; P < .001) and CSM (SHRfor annual use, 0.51; 95% CI, 0.48-0.55; P < .001). Conclusions and Relevance: In this cohort study, increased primary care use before cancer diagnosis was associated with significant decreases in metastatic disease at diagnosis and cancer-related death, with potentially the greatest difference from annual use. PCPs play a vital role in cancer prevention, and additional resources should be allocated to assist these physicians.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Veteranos , Humanos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Masculino , Idoso , United States Department of Veterans Affairs , Estudos de Coortes , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Neoplasias/diagnóstico
4.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 1323, 2022 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36335334

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The Veterans Administration (VA) Mobility Screening and Solutions Tool (VA MSST) was developed to screen a patient's safe mobility level 'in the moment' and provide clinical decision support related to the use of safe patient handling and mobility (SPHM) equipment. This evidence-based flowchart tool is a common language tool that enables any healthcare worker at any time to accurately measure and communicate patient mobility and transfer equipment needs across disciplines and settings. METHODS: The VA MSST has four levels and differentiates between the need for powered and non-powered equipment depending on the patient's independence. Subject matter experts wrote scenarios for interrater reliability and validity testing. The initial VA MSST draft iteration was reviewed by 163 VA staff (mostly physical therapists and occupational therapists) amongst simulation scenarios and provided content validity, and additional insight and suggestions. Revisions were made to create the final VA MSST which was evaluated by over 200 healthcare workers from varied disciplines (including medical doctors, advanced practice registered nurses, registered nurses, licensed practical nurses, certified nursing assistants, occupational therapists, physical therapists, speech therapists, radiology and ultrasound technicians, etc.). An instruction video and eighteen scenario videos were embedded in an online survey. The survey intended to demonstrate the interrater reliability and validity (concurrent and construct) of the VA MSST. Over 500 VA staff (raters) received a survey invitation via email. RESULTS: Raters (N = 230) from multiple disciplines and healthcare settings independently screened patient mobility status for each of 18 scenarios using the VA MSST. The raters were diverse in their age and years of experience. The estimated interrater reliability (IRR) for VA MSST was excellent and statistically significant with an estimated Krippendorff's alpha (ICC (C, k)) of 0.998 [95% CI: 0.996-0.999]. Eighty-two percent of raters reported that overall VA MSST instructions were clear or very clear and understandable. VA MSST ratings made by technicians and nursing assistants group correlated strongly (r = 0.99, p < 0.001) with the 'gold standard' (experienced physical therapists), suggesting a high concurrent validity of the tool. The VA MSST significantly discriminated between the different levels of patient mobility required for safe mobilization as intended (each difference, p < 0.0001); this suggests a good construct validity. CONCLUSIONS: The VA MSST is an evidence-based flowchart screening and decision support tool that demonstrates excellent interrater reliability across disciplines and settings. VA MSST has strong face and content validity, as well as good concurrent and construct validity.


Assuntos
Limitação da Mobilidade , Fisioterapeutas , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , United States Department of Veterans Affairs , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
J Health Care Poor Underserved ; 33(4): 1821-1843, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36341665

RESUMO

We sought to estimate the impact of temporary financial assistance (TFA) for housing-related expenses from the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs on costs for a variety of health care services. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of Veterans who entered the Supportive Services for Veteran Families (SSVF) program between 10/2015 and 9/2018. We assessed the effect of TFA on health care costs using a multivariable difference-in-difference approach. Outcomes were direct medical costs of health care encounters (i.e., emergency department, outpatient mental health, inpatient mental health, outpatient substance use disorder treatment, and residential behavioral health) in the VA system. Temporary financial assistance was associated with a decrease in ED (-$11, p<.003), outpatient mental health (-$28, p<.001), outpatient substance use disorder treatment (-$25, p<.001), inpatient mental health (-$258, p<.001), and residential behavioral health (-$181, p<.001) costs per quarter for Veterans in the rapid re-housing component of SSVF. These results can inform policy debates regarding proper solutions to housing instability.


Assuntos
Pessoas em Situação de Rua , Instabilidade Habitacional , Habitação Popular , Veteranos , Humanos , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Gastos em Saúde , Pessoas em Situação de Rua/psicologia , Habitação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia , Estados Unidos , United States Department of Veterans Affairs
7.
J Nurs Adm ; 52(12): 679-684, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36409262

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the perceptions of core team members implementing patient-centered medical home (PCMH) within the Veterans Health Administration regarding delegation of work. BACKGROUND: Significant overlap exists in the performance of work tasks among PCMH team members (primary care providers, RNs, clinical associates, clerks), and scant literature exists on appropriate delegation within PCMH teams. METHODS: This study conducted used a quantitative and qualitative analysis of 4254 respondents to a 2018 survey. RESULTS: Primary care providers rely heavily on team members, and nurses report being relied upon at high levels. Lack of role clarity and a perceived need for a team leader were concerns voiced by participants. CONCLUSIONS: Findings indicated a need for clear guidance on roles and responsibilities within the team. Patient-centered medical home team members need information about the scope of practice of each professional group to allow providers to function at the top of their scope of practice and ensure effective delegation.


Assuntos
Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Estados Unidos , Humanos , United States Department of Veterans Affairs , Assistência Centrada no Paciente , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 1370, 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36401239

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has been a catalyst for rapid uptake of virtual care through the use of virtual health resources (VHR). In the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Healthcare System, virtual care has been critical to maintaining healthcare access for patients during COVID-19. In the current study we describe primary care patient aligned care team (PACT) VHR use patterns within one VA medical center (i.e., hospital facility and five community-based outpatient clinics) pre- and post-COVID-19 onset. METHODS: VHR provider and patient use data from 106 individual PACTs were extracted monthly between September 2019 to September 2020. Data were extracted from VHA web-based project application and tracking databases. Using longitudinal data, mixed effect models were used to compare pre- and post-COVID onset slopes. RESULTS: Findings highlight an increase in patient users of secure messaging (SM) and telehealth. The rate of utilization among these patients increased for SM but not for telehealth visits or online prescription refill (RxRefill) use. Finally, VetLink Kiosk check ins that are done at in person visits, diminished abruptly after COVID-19 onset. CONCLUSIONS: These data provide a baseline of VHR use at the PACT level after the initial impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and can inform healthcare delivery changes within the VA systems over time. Moreover, this project produced a data extraction blueprint, that is the first of its kind to track VA VHR use leveraging secondary data sources.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , United States Department of Veterans Affairs , Humanos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Atenção Primária à Saúde
10.
Transl Behav Med ; 12(11): 1029-1037, 2022 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36408955

RESUMO

Obesity is a well-established risk factor for increased morbidity and mortality. Comprehensive lifestyle interventions, pharmacotherapy, and bariatric surgery are three effective treatment approaches for obesity. The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) offers all three domains but in different configurations across medical facilities. Study aim was to explore the relationship between configurations of three types of obesity treatments, context, and population impact across VHA using coincidence analysis. This was a cross-sectional analysis of survey data describing weight management treatment components linked with administrative data to compute population impact for each facility. Coincidence analysis was used to identify combinations of treatment components that led to higher population impact. Facilities with higher impact were in the top two quintiles for (1) reach to eligible patients and (2) weight outcomes. Sixty-nine facilities were included in the analyses. The final model explained 88% (29/33) of the higher-impact facilities with 91% consistency (29/32) and was comprised of five distinct pathways. Each of the five pathways depended on facility complexity-level plus factors from one or more of the three domains of weight management: comprehensive lifestyle interventions, pharmacotherapy, and/or bariatric surgery. Three pathways include components from multiple treatment domains. Combinations of conditions formed "recipes" that lead to higher population impact. Our coincidence analyses highlighted both the importance of local context and how combinations of specific conditions consistently and uniquely distinguished higher impact facilities from lower impact facilities for weight management.


Obesity can contribute to increased rates of ill health and earlier death. Proven treatments for obesity include programs that help people improve lifestyle behaviors (e.g., being physically active), medications, and/or bariatric surgery. In the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), all three types of treatments are offered, but not at every medical center­in practice, individual medical centers offer different combinations of treatment options to their patients. VHA medical centers also have a wide range of population impact. We identified high-impact medical centers (centers with the most patients participating in obesity treatment who would benefit from treatment AND that reported the most weight loss for their patients) and examined which treatment configurations led to better population-level outcomes (i.e., higher population impact). We used a novel analysis approach that allows us to compare combinations of treatment components, instead of analyzing them one-by-one. We found that optimal combinations are context-sensitive and depend on the type of center (e.g., large centers affiliated with a university vs. smaller rural centers). We list five different "recipes" of treatment combinations leading to higher population-level impact. This information can be used by clinical leaders to design treatment programs to maximize benefits for their patients.


Assuntos
Saúde dos Veteranos , Veteranos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Humanos , United States Department of Veterans Affairs , Estudos Transversais , Obesidade/terapia , Obesidade/epidemiologia
11.
Implement Sci ; 17(1): 67, 2022 10 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36192785

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Veterans Health Administration (VA) Grant and Per Diem case management "aftercare" program provides 6 months of case management for homeless-experienced veterans (HEVs) undergoing housing transitions. To standardize and improve aftercare services, we will implement critical time intervention (CTI), an evidence-based, structured, and time-limited case management practice. We will use two strategies to support the implementation and sustainment of CTI at 32 aftercare sites, conduct a mixed-methods evaluation of this implementation initiative, and generate a business case analysis and implementation playbook to support the continued spread and sustainment of CTI in aftercare. METHODS: We will use the Replicating Effective Programs (REP) implementation strategy to support CTI implementation at 32 sites selected by our partners. Half (n=16) of these sites will also receive 9 months of external facilitation (EF, enhanced REP). We will conduct a type 3 hybrid cluster-randomized trial to compare the impacts of REP versus enhanced REP. We will cluster potential sites into three implementation cohorts staggered in 9-month intervals. Within each cohort, we will use permuted block randomization to balance key site characteristics among sites receiving REP versus enhanced REP; sites will not be blinded to their assigned strategy. We will use mixed methods to assess the impacts of the implementation strategies. As fidelity to CTI influences its effectiveness, fidelity to CTI is our primary outcome, followed by sustainment, quality metrics, and costs. We hypothesize that enhanced REP will have higher costs than REP alone, but will result in stronger CTI fidelity, sustainment, and quality metrics, leading to a business case for enhanced REP. This work will lead to products that will support our partners in spreading and sustaining CTI in aftercare. DISCUSSION: Implementing CTI within aftercare holds the potential to enhance HEVs' housing and health outcomes. Understanding effective strategies to support CTI implementation could assist with a larger CTI roll-out within aftercare and support the implementation of other case management practices within and outside VA. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This project was registered with ClinicalTrials.gov as "Implementing and sustaining Critical Time Intervention in case management programs for homeless-experienced Veterans." Trial registration NCT05312229 , registered April 4, 2022.


Assuntos
Pessoas em Situação de Rua , Veteranos , Administração de Caso , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Estados Unidos , United States Department of Veterans Affairs
13.
BMC Nephrol ; 23(1): 331, 2022 10 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36224528

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are major gaps in the implementation of guideline-concordant care for persons with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The CKD Cascade of Care (C3) initiative seeks to improve CKD care by improving detection and treatment of CKD in primary care. METHODS: C3 is a multi-modal initiative deployed in three major academic medical centers within the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Health Care System: San Francisco VA, San Diego VA, and Houston VA. The main objective of the first phase of C3 described in this protocol is to establish the infrastructure for universal CKD detection among primary care patients at high-risk for CKD with a triple-marker screen comprising cystatin C, creatinine, and albuminuria. Across the three sites, a comprehensive educational intervention and the integration of primary care-based clinical champions will be employed with the goal of improving CKD detection and treatment. The San Francisco VA will also implement a practice-facilitation intervention leveraging telehealth and health informatics tools and capabilities for enhanced CKD detection. Parallel formative evaluation across the three sites will assess the feasibility and acceptability of integrating cystatin C as part of routine CKD detection in primary care practice. The effectiveness of the interventions will be assessed using a pre-post observational design for change in the proportion of patients tested annually for CKD. Secondary outcomes will assess change in the initiation of cardio-kidney protective therapies and in nephrology referrals of high-risk patients. DISCUSSION: The first phase of C3 is a multi-facility multi-modal initiative that aims to improve CKD care by implementing a triple-marker screen for enhanced CKD detection in primary care.


Assuntos
Cistatina C , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Creatinina , Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , United States Department of Veterans Affairs
14.
J Grad Med Educ ; 14(5): 593-598, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36274776

RESUMO

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic altered learning experiences of residents and fellows worldwide, including at the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). Because the VA is the largest training provider in the United States, understanding VA trainee experiences is vital to understanding the pandemic's impact on graduate medical education nationwide. Additionally, understanding the pandemic's potential impacts on future employment allows for a better understanding of any future disruptions in the supply of physicians. Objective: To examine whether COVID-19 affected the satisfaction with VA training experiences and likelihood to consider future VA employment among residents and fellows. Methods: Responses from the VA Trainee Satisfaction Survey were collected for 3 academic years (2018-2021). Quantitative analysis (bivariate logistic regression) and qualitative content analysis were conducted to determine COVID-19's impact on satisfaction and likelihood of future VA employment. Results: Across 3 academic years, 17 900 responses from a total of 140 933 physician trainees were analyzed (12.7%). Following COVID-19, respondents expressed decreased satisfaction (84.58% vs 86.01%, P=.008) and decreased likelihood to consider future VA employment compared to prior to the pandemic (53.42% vs 55.32%, P=.013). COVID-19-related causes of dissatisfaction included the onboarding process, which slowed due to the pandemic, limited workspace that precluded social distancing, and reduced learning opportunities. Conclusions: Since the pandemic, physician trainees expressed decreased training satisfaction and decreased likelihood to seek future VA employment. Causes of dissatisfaction included increased difficulties with onboarding, further limitations to accessible workspaces, and the direct obstruction of learning opportunities including decreased patient volume or case mix.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Internato e Residência , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Satisfação Pessoal , Pandemias , United States Department of Veterans Affairs , Emprego
15.
Transpl Infect Dis ; 24(5): e13948, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36254523

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The importance of antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) activities specifically focused on solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients is increasingly recognized. In 2014, the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) created national guidance and committed resources to establish AMS programs at Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centers across the country. However, the AMS implementation is at the discretion of individual VA centers. METHODS: We undertook an environmental scan of AMS activities in a tertiary care VA medical center. RESULTS: We describe AMS activities focused on SOT recipients. Strategies based on local epidemiology that leverage the electronic medical record together with engagement by transplant infectious diseases personnel are likely to be beneficial. CONCLUSION: AMS in SOT recipients is challenging yet impactful. Strategies described here may be useful for AMS activities focused on the SOT population.


Assuntos
Gestão de Antimicrobianos , Transplante de Órgãos , Transplantes , Veteranos , Humanos , Transplante de Órgãos/efeitos adversos , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Serviços de Saúde para Veteranos Militares , United States Department of Veterans Affairs , Estados Unidos
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36294023

RESUMO

The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore perspectives of Whole Health (WH) coaches at the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) on meeting the needs of rural Veterans during the COVID-19 pandemic. The evaluation design employed a qualitative description approach, employing focus groups and in-depth interviews with a convenience sample of WH coaches across the VHA system. Fourteen coaches who work with rural Veterans participated in either one of three focus groups, individual interviews, or both. The focus group data and in-depth interviews were analyzed separately using thematic analysis, and findings were then merged to compare themes across both datasets. Four primary themes were identified: bridging social risk factors for rural Veterans, leveraging technology to stay connected with Veterans at-a-distance, redirecting Veterans to alternate modes of self-care, and maintaining flexibility in coaching role during COVID-19. One overarching theme was also identified following a post-hoc analysis driven by interdisciplinary team discussion: increased concerns for Veteran mental health during COVID-19. Coaches reported using a variety of strategies to respond to the wide-ranging needs of rural Veterans during the pandemic. Implications of findings for future research and practice are discussed.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Serviços de Saúde Mental , Veteranos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Humanos , Veteranos/psicologia , United States Department of Veterans Affairs , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Pesquisa Qualitativa
17.
Am J Med Qual ; 37(6): 504-510, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36201470

RESUMO

In 2020, the US Department of Veterans Affairs Connecticut Healthcare System began its journey to becoming a high-reliability organization as part of Veterans Affairs efforts to become an enterprise-wide high-reliability organization through the Veterans Health Administration. The initiative was launched to create safe enterprise-wide health care systems and environments with robust continuous process improvements as a method for providing patients with safer and higher quality care. In this article, the authors describe a continuous process improvement initiative aimed at implementing system-wide initiatives along the journey to becoming a high-reliability organization. The initiatives are described from the perspectives of individuals representing staff from the frontline to executive leadership. The authors believe that the processes, strategies, and example initiatives described can be readily adopted and implemented in other health care organizations along the journey to high reliability.


Assuntos
Atenção à Saúde , Liderança , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , United States Department of Veterans Affairs
18.
JAMA Dermatol ; 158(11): 1321-1323, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36129722

RESUMO

This cohort study evaluates the incidence of dermatomyositis and its trend over time in the US Department of Veterans Affairs health care system.


Assuntos
Dermatomiosite , Veteranos , Humanos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Incidência , Estudos de Coortes , Dermatomiosite/diagnóstico , Dermatomiosite/epidemiologia , United States Department of Veterans Affairs , Hospitais de Veteranos
19.
J Psychiatr Pract ; 28(5): 391-395, 2022 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36074108

RESUMO

In June, 2022, the United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) announced an initiative to reduce death due to suicide in US Veterans. This column is based on a proposal written for that initiative, as well as on an earlier psychopharmacology column in this journal that reviewed the statistics and the genetics of suicide, and the US medicolegal death investigation system. This system is composed of 3137 county coroner or medical examiner offices across the country that are responsible under state and local law for investigating deaths that are not explained by natural causes and are suspicious and/or unattended. Thus, this system gathers data concerning all deaths due to suicide. Currently this death investigation system costs US taxpayers ∼$660 million per year, and it has determined that ∼45,000 Americans die from suicide each year. In the conduct of these investigations, a large amount of data is collected, including biological samples. While the demographic data are reported to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), little-if anything-is done with the collected biological material beyond its use in determining the cause of death of the individual. The earlier column on this topic advocated for the establishment of a central database to retain and utilize this information to further understand the biopsychosocial causes of suicide, with the goal of preventing suicides. This column describes a proposal submitted to the VA system for how such a system could initially be piloted in a small group of VA medical centers and then expanded to the entire system. This initial effort could then, in turn, serve as a model for expanding such data gathering to the entire US medicolegal death investigation system.


Assuntos
Suicídio , Veteranos , Causas de Morte , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Suicídio/prevenção & controle , Estados Unidos , United States Department of Veterans Affairs
20.
J Pain Symptom Manage ; 64(6): e317-e322, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36103938

RESUMO

CONTEXT: For over a decade, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has used the Bereaved Family Survey (BFS) to measure the quality of end-of-life (EOL) care in VA inpatient settings. In 2019, VA developed a revised version of the BFS to evaluate the quality of EOL care for Veterans who received hospice services in VA-contracted community nursing homes (CNHs). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this analysis was to evaluate the psychometric properties and factor structure of the BFS-CNH. METHODS: The BFS-CNH was administered to the next-of-kin of Veterans who died in a VA-contracted CNH with hospice care between October 2019 and April 2020. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was used with the 10 core items of the BFS-CNH that were derived from the inpatient BFS to evaluate whether the BFS-CNH exhibited a similar factor structure to the inpatient version. Cronbach's alpha was used to assess internal consistency/reliability of the identified factors and linear regression models were used to evaluate construct validity of the identified BFS-CNH factor scores and individual items. RESULTS: The EFA revealed a three-dimension solution that corresponded to factors on the inpatient BFS, including Care and Communication, Emotional and Spiritual Support and Death Benefits. Cronbach's alpha coefficients for all three factors indicated acceptable internal consistency. CONCLUSION: Our findings provide support for use of the BFS-CNH to evaluate the quality of EOL care provided to Veterans in CNHs and lay the foundation for future comparisons of BFS ratings between VA inpatient and CNH settings.


Assuntos
United States Department of Veterans Affairs , Veteranos , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Família/psicologia , Casas de Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários
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