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1.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 18(4): 1175-1194, out.-dez. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-994982

RESUMO

Este artigo se propõe a analisar a situação da psicanálise nos cursos de psicologia das universidades do Rio de Janeiro, estabelecendo uma comparação com o caso de Buenos Aires. Para tal fim, utiliza um método de análise que implica construção documental, entrevistas e estudo teórico sobre a história e a atualidade da psicologia e da psicanálise nessas cidades. Entende-se que, além da chamada "crise" da psicanálise, ela mantém uma posição predominante nesses cursos. Espera-se que este trabalho contribua para uma discussão contextualizada dos cursos de psicologia em suas revisões curriculares.(AU)


We aim to analyse the situation of psychoanalysis in psychology undergraduate courses from universities of Rio de Janeiro, comparing these with the ones from Buenos Aires. For that purpose, we use a method of analysis that involves documental construction, interviews and theoretical study on the past history and the present reality of psychology and psychoanalysis in those cities. We understand that, besides the so-called "crisis" of psychoanalysis, this theoretical orientation maintains a predominant position in those courses. We expect that this work contributes to a contextualized discussion of psychology undergraduate courses and their curricular revisions.(AU)


Se propone analizar la situación del psicoanálisis en las carreras de psicología de universidades de Rio de Janeiro, estableciendo una comparación con el caso de Buenos Aires. Para tal fin, se utiliza un método de análisis que implica construcción documental, entrevista y estudio teórico, sobre la historia y actualidad de la psicología y el psicoanálisis en esas ciudades. Se entiende que, más allá de la llamada "crisis" del psicoanálisis, éste mantiene una posición predominante en esos cursos. Se espera que este trabajo contribuya a una discusión contextualizada de las carreras de Psicología y sus revisiones curriculares.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Psicanálise , Psicologia , Argentina , Universidades , Brasil
2.
West Afr J Med ; 36(2): 176-182, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385605

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Knowledge of students learning style is important in order for an instructor to be able to determine and select the appropriate teaching techniques for effectiveness and maximized student learning during a class session. OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed at exploring the learning preferences of physiotherapy and medical students in a regional university in Nigeria. METHODS: A sample of 263 undergraduate physiotherapy and medical students in the clinical phase of their studies at the University of Maiduguri participated in this cross-sectional survey study. The participants completed a two part question-naire. Part I of the questionnaire elicits sociodemographic information such as age, gender and programme and level of study, while part II consists of a 24-item self-administered Learning Style Inventory that elicited information on the students' preferences on learning their subjects. RESULTS: These cohorts of medical and physiotherapy students were evenly divided between visual and auditory learning preferences. While for the medical students, the males tend to be visual learners more frequently than their female counterparts, gender difference in types of learning preference was not observed for the physiotherapy students. CONCLUSION: This study affirms the heterogeneity in students' learning preferences, and also suggests the need for instructors in health disciplines to always consider blending appropriate voice and audios with pictures, photos and visual effects in other to maximize students learning especially during teaching sessions.


Assuntos
Aprendizagem , Fisioterapeutas/educação , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas/métodos , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/psicologia , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Nigéria , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades
3.
Vestn Oftalmol ; 135(3): 144-148, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393459

RESUMO

The article is dedicated to the works of E.V. Adamyuk (1839-1906) - founder of the Kazan School of Ophthalmology, a professor of the Imperial Kazan University; he published in the specialized journal 'The Russian Annals of Ophthalmology' ('Vestnik oftal'mologii') in the late XIX - early XX centuries. In respect of his great scientific and clinical experience, as well as his high prestige among both Russian and foreign colleagues, he was included in the editorial board of the journal from its very first issue, which was published in 1884. His wide range of knowledge in various fields of medical science allowed professor E.V. Adamyuk over 20 years (1886-1906) of consistent participation in the journal activity by publishing his clinical observations and scientific discussions about etiology, pathogenesis and treatment methods of a number of eye diseases (trachoma, glaucoma, cataracts, retinal and optic nerve pathologies, etc.), many of which are still instructive and relevant to this day. Professor E.V. Adamyuk's scientific heritage preserved in his publications in 'The Russian Annals of Ophthalmology' is without doubts an invaluable contribution to the formation and development of ophthalmological science.


Assuntos
Oftalmologia , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Federação Russa , Universidades
4.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 30, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31384345

RESUMO

Introduction: In Ghana, there is no data regarding physical activity habits and lipid profiles of students. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between physical activities, Body Mass Index (BMI) and lipid profile of students in Ghana. Methods: Cluster and systematic sampling techniques were employed to recruit 120 students, aged 18 years and above. This cross-sectional study was carried out among students from the University of Ghana. Biochemical analysis was conducted analysing total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL) and triglycerides (TG) in serum samples. Anthropometry measurements were also taken and BMI calculated. The physical activities, undertaken over a 7-day period, by the students were assessed using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Results: 31.7% and 21.7% of the students were overweight and obese respectively. 61.5% of the obese students were engaged in high level physical activity as compared to 45.5% and 36.8% of the normal and overweight students, respectively. Normal weight students and overweight students showed significant differences in means of TC; [(4.56 ± 0.930 mmol/L) and (5.06 ± 0.93 mmol/L), respectively] and also between normal weight group (4.54 ± 0.93 mmol/L) and the obese students (5.24 ± 1.18 mmol/L). Significant correlations were also observed between TG, TC and BMI; and TC and TG, HDL and a strong correlation between LDL and TC (r=0.967). Conclusion: Strong correlations between BMI, physical activity and lipid profile indices among students in Ghana. Comprehensive efforts should be applied to reduce the incidence of CVDs among students.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Exercício/fisiologia , Lipídeos/sangue , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Peso Corporal/fisiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Análise por Conglomerados , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Gana , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
5.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 1184-1188, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438112

RESUMO

Despite the widespread adoption of electronic health records (EHRs) in the U.S. over the past decade, significant improvements, especially in patient safety, have yet to be realized. This finding, along with health informatics workforce data and an identified gap in the offerings of an educational program, led to a proposed professional doctorate in health informatics. Developed via stakeholder focus groups, the program was approved by the public university system, the state-level educational authority, and the regional accreditation body, with final approval in July 2018. Unique features of the program include a prolonged practice project demonstrating a return on investment, as well as online and face-to-face delivery components. This program aims to develop evidence-based professionals who improve the health of people and populations through the application of health informatics. Applications and interest in the first class are high.


Assuntos
Informática Médica , Acreditação , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Humanos , Universidades
6.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 1807-1808, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438354

RESUMO

Private institutions of higher education in the United States were hesitant to institute programs of distance learning for fear that they could not maintain the quality of the education they had delivered in face-to-face programs. Vanderbilt University allowed their School of Nursing to embark on such an endeavor in 1996, as long as quality measures were incorporated. The result has been a comprehensive resource support team using Quality Matters and an increase in program rankings.


Assuntos
Educação a Distância , Estados Unidos , Universidades
7.
J Vet Med Educ ; 46(3): 278-288, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31460845

RESUMO

Curriculum review and enhancement is a requirement of accredited veterinary medicine degree programs to ensure they are fit for purpose. This article presents a curriculum review process undertaken by the School of Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin, Ireland. A four-dimensional curriculum review conceptual framework was adopted to analyze the undergraduate and graduate entry veterinary medicine programs. Curriculum mapping was chosen as the methodology to gather data and structure curriculum review activities. Curriculum mapping was considered a useful methodology to review the program for three of the four dimensions of the curriculum framework.


Assuntos
Currículo , Educação em Veterinária , Animais , Humanos , Estudantes , Universidades
8.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 91(3): e20180334, 2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411254

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to discuss the concentration distribution, composition and possible sources of trace metals and 13 PAHs in topsoils of the University campus, in the city of São Paulo, the largest city of South America. Mineralogy and granulometry of topsoils (0-10 cm) samples, were determined and As, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mo, Ni, Pb, Sb, V, Zn, Hg, Pt, Pd and PAHs concentrations were quantified in the bulk fraction. The average clay content of soils was 221±61.8 g kg-1 and total carbon was low (mean of 25 g kg-1). Concentrations of metals were generally lower than the reference value established by the São Paulo State Environmental Agency and other studies in the São Paulo urban area, except for Cd, Ni, Pb, Cr and Zn. The mean concentration of the sum of 13 PAHs was 0.33 mg kg-1 and fluorene, indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene, anthracene, pyrene and benzo(ghi)perylene were the most abundant compounds. PAHs and trace metals variability were constrained in PMF analysis and showed an association with exhaust and non-exhaust vehicular emissions. The results also pointed out a spatial pattern in the campus area related to traffic conditions and intensity and terrain slope.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados/análise , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Solo/química , Oligoelementos/análise , Universidades , Brasil , Cidades , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Metais Pesados/química , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/química , Medição de Risco , Análise Espacial , Oligoelementos/química , Poluição Relacionada com o Tráfego/análise , Emissões de Veículos/análise
9.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 17(4): eAO4642, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433008

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To verify the prevalence of dissatisfaction with body image and its association with socio-demographic, economic, and anthropometric variables, as well as levels of physical activity among undergraduate students. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 348 undergraduate students at the dining hall of a public Brazilian university located in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul. Body image perception was evaluated using the Silhouette Matching Task. The other variables assessed were sex, age, marital status, housing conditions, socioeconomic class, weight, height, waist circumference and physical activity levels. Multinomial logistic regression was performed to verify the association between the dependent and independent variables. RESULTS: Of the interviewees, 55.7% were men. The prevalence of dissatisfaction with body image was 59.8% among men and 55.2% among women. Dissatisfaction for being overweight, between men and women, was higher in overweight individuals when compared to normal weight individuals, according to the body mass index, and also higher in those at risk for cardiovascular disease when compared to those who were not at risk. The dissatisfaction for being thin was higher among women with low weight when compared to normal weight women, according to body mass index. There was no association between dissatisfaction for being thin and the variables analyzed among men. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of dissatisfaction with body image was observed in more than half of the individuals evaluated and is associated with nutritional status. Knowing the consequences of dissatisfaction with body image helps highlight the need for intervention strategies to avoid the practice of unhealthy behaviors.


Assuntos
Imagem Corporal , Satisfação Pessoal , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
10.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 1283-1287, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438132

RESUMO

Growing higher educational programs are always interested in adding physical facilities to their campus. Many times the initial plans do not include all the technology details needed for either a standard or a cutting-edge program. This paper describes planning and implementation efforts at the Vanderbilt University School of Nursing, which has resulted in a new 29,947-square-foot facility addition. The new space includes a complete floor designated as simulation laboratory space, an interactive classroom with five screens suitable for small group interaction, and a virtual classroom for cutting- edge multimedia production and transmission. Additional floors house both technology rich seminar meeting rooms as well as collaborative offices. All spaces are integrated using the innovative Crestron control system, including a multitude of their solutions that help to make this a smarter workplace that is both secure, smart, and worthy of completing educational goals.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde , Multimídia , Universidades
11.
Waste Manag ; 98: 14-20, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421485

RESUMO

Food waste is a pressing issue that imposes economic, social and environmental impacts on both developing and developed countries. This study analyzes quantitatively and qualitatively the generated food waste at various food outlets of a university campus in Qatar. It is a fundamental step to manage the issue of food waste from educational institutes. The investigation comprised four stages: screening, sampling, surveying, and synthesis. Food waste generation at the sampled locations was estimated at 329.5 kg/day or 80 t/year. Based on per sales estimates, total food waste was 980 g/sale and 757 g/sale at the student male and female housing complexes, respectively, equating to roughly one wasted meal for each sold meal. The majority of this waste was avoidable waste and the root cause for the excessive food waste generation was overproduction rather than consumer wastage. The study found that the main food provider, who primarily serves buffet style meals, lacks the proper tools to measure food waste generated at their cafeterias. Past experience was the primary tool to support the company's demand management estimation which has proven unsuccessful and highlights the need to not only educate the consumer but also food providers. Possible treatments routes are discussed based on food waste characterization findings.


Assuntos
Serviços de Alimentação , Gerenciamento de Resíduos , Alimentos , Humanos , Oriente Médio , Catar , Universidades
12.
J Natl Black Nurses Assoc ; 30(1): 34-39, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31465683

RESUMO

This article discusses the Provost Scholars, a novel University five-year Mentoring Program for middle and high school students in an inner-city school district. The Provost Scholars is an innovative enrichment Program in which a partnership was formed between an under-resourced inner city school district and a private research university in Cleveland, Ohio. The Program was formed to help students graduate from high school. As these students experience success and empowerment, their willingness and ability to give back to the health of the community is enhanced. The primary goal of the Provost Scholars Mentoring Program is to prepare students for entry into and graduation from colleges/universities, technical/vocational schools, or to find a successful place in the workforce. This article describes a number of initiatives established to ensure the success of the Scholars. One key aspect of the Programs' success is a strong personal interest, caring, engagement, and partnership between the administrative staffs of the following two educational institutions: Case Western Reserve University and the East Cleveland School District, as well as the committed relationships of the university Mentors and the Scholars. Students who participate in the Program are expected to demonstrate improved grades, higher ACT/SAT scores, and to meet the requirements for admission to the colleges and universities of their choice, or to develop skills for meaningful employment in industry.


Assuntos
Tutoria/organização & administração , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Criança , Cidades , Humanos , Ohio , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Instituições Acadêmicas/organização & administração , Instituições Acadêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Universidades/organização & administração
13.
Rev Col Bras Cir ; 46(3): e20192163, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389523

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to describe the teaching strategy based on the Multiple Victims Incident (MVI) simulation, discussing and evaluating the performance of the students involved in the initial care of trauma victims. METHODS: a cross-sectional, and quantitative study was performed. A realistic MVI simulation involving students, and professionals from nursery and medical schools, as well as a prehospital care team was performed. RESULTS: it was possible to notice that the classification according to the START method (Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment) was correct in 94.1% of the time from the analysis of 17 preestablished checklists. Following the primary evaluation with the ABCDE mnemonic, all steps were performed correctly in 70%. However, there was only supply of oxygen in high flow in 64.7% of the examination. The search for visible and hidden bleeding was performed in 70.6% of the examination. The neurological evaluation with the Glasgow coma scale and pupillary evaluation occurred in 70.6% of the victims. The victims exposure was performed in 70.6% of the examination. CONCLUSION: a simulated environment allows the consolidation and improvement of professional skills, especially when we are talking about a poorly trained area during the undergraduate program, such as the MVI. Early training and teamwork encourage clinical thinking, integration and communication, essential abilities when facing chaotic situations.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/métodos , Simulação de Paciente , Treinamento por Simulação/métodos , Triagem/métodos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudantes de Medicina , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Universidades
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(32): e16596, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393359

RESUMO

We explored the effects of smoking and exercise on pulmonary function (PF) in young adults.This was a 2-year, prospective cross-sectional study on university students. We recorded age, gender, weight, height, pulmonary symptoms, smoking status, and sports habits. Spirometry was used to evaluate lung function; we recorded the forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), the forced vital capacity (FVC), and the FEV1/FVC ratio.A total of 1014 (552 female, 464 male) subjects were included. Smokers reported significantly more wheezing and sputum production than nonsmokers, but exhibited better FVC and FEV1 values. Those who smoked less than half a pack/d had significantly poorer FVC and FEV1 levels than nonsmokers. Smokers exhibited significantly lower FEV1/FVC ratios than nonsmokers. Overall, those who exercised exhibited better FEV1 and FVC levels, but this was attributable entirely to females.The spirometric percentile data were adjusted for gender, age, and height, and used as indicators of health status (good: >90: average: 25-90, poor <25). ln males, PF was associated with regular exercise (good: 7.8, average: 6.5, poor: 14.2, P = .02). The smoking rate was higher in the "good" group (males: good: 31.3, average: 30, poor: 17.9, P = .02/females: good: 22.4, average: 17.9, poor: 10.4, P = .02).On multivariate regression analysis, above-average PF test results were associated with age (1.32 [1.04-1.69]) and exercising at least once per week (4.06 [1.16-14.20]) in males. In females, above-average results were associated with irregular exercise (2.88 [1.36-6.09]), age (1.85 [1.44-2.37]), and exercising until palpitations developed (0.18 [0.04-0.88]).Smoking improves lung function in young adults; these are "healthy smokers." Physical activity did not improve lung function, but the absence of physical activity significantly worsened lung function.


Assuntos
Exercício/fisiologia , Testes de Função Respiratória/estatística & dados numéricos , Fumar/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Pesos e Medidas Corporais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Testes de Função Respiratória/métodos , Sons Respiratórios/fisiopatologia , Fatores Sexuais , Esportes/fisiologia , Escarro/metabolismo , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
16.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(7): 849-853, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31357810

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the internship of students majoring in preventive medicine in 6 colleges and universities in China, and provide reference suggestions for the improvement of internship arrangement. Methods: By using the method of combined clustering and convenient sampling, the fifth grades students majoring in preventive medicine in six universities in the eastern, central and western China were surveyed by using questionnaires to collect the information of their attitudes (to) and suggestions for clinical and public health internships. Results: A total of 596 students were surveyed. In terms of the benefits of clinical internship and public health internship, students who thought that the internship was fruitful accounted for >88%, and more students thought that reform is needed in clinical internship compared with public health internship. In clinical internship, the students through that the time arrangement was not appropriate enough (95, 39.58%), the content should be more detailed and in-depth (73, 30.42%) and the content did not conform to the professional direction (54, 22.50%). In public health internship, the students thought that the time arrangement was not appropriate (77, 45.56%), the content should be more detailed and standardized (65, 38.46%) and the types of internship bases should be more diversified (20, 11.83%). Conclusions: The undergraduates majoring in preventive medicine felt to be benefited from clinical practice and public health internships and thought they are of necessity. At the same time, there are still many problems which needs to be improved in the two types of internships. It is necessary to make joint efforts from students, teachers, colleges and practice bases to promote the continuous improvement of undergraduate internship.


Assuntos
Atitude , Internato e Residência , Medicina Preventiva/educação , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/psicologia , China , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades
17.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(6): 870-879, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340319

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the prevalence of medical and nonmedical use of psychiatric medication among undergraduate students of health sciences from a public university in Brasil. Another objective was to determine the frequency of nuclear morphological abnormalities in the buccal mucosa of students using psychiatric drugs. A cross-sectional study based on a Web survey was carried out with 375 health sciences undergraduate students from schools of Pharmacy, Physical Education, Nutrition, and Medicine. Additionally, spontaneous genetic damages in exfoliated cells of the buccal mucosa of 41 individuals by counting micronucleus (MN) and binucleated (BN) cells frequencies were evaluated. The results showed 76 (20.3%) of students reported the use of psychotropic drugs after enrolling in university. The majority of these students were from Pharmacy and Medicine programs, females, aged between 18-25 years old, nonsmokers, alcohol addicts, and with a family history of mental illness. In addition, Medical students, individuals with high-income, who live alone and are in the last period of the program are more likely to use psychotropic drugs. Moreover, exposure to psychiatric medication was able to increase the number of binucleated cells. These results provide evidence that the use of psychoactive drugs is increased in the academic context and may be related to the failure of the cell cycle.


Assuntos
Uso Indevido de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Mucosa Bucal/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Bucal/patologia , Psicotrópicos/uso terapêutico , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Testes para Micronúcleos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(30): e16352, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348235

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High-stress level affects students' health and many of them experiencing high levels of stress are at risk of burnout. School administrators are often concerned about the experiences and negative effects of burnout among students and staff. Burnout is described as a psychological reaction to chronic stress. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effect of a group-focused intervention (rational emotive behavior coaching, REBC) on academic burnout among undergraduate students attending public universities in Southeast Nigeria. METHODS: A group randomized controlled trial design was adopted for this study. A total of 52 convenient samples of undergraduate students (with a high degree of burnout symptoms) took part in the research. We used a group REBT program manual for the management of burnout which was complemented with REBC techniques. Data were gathered with the aid of the perceived stress scale (PSS-10) and Oldenburg Burnout inventory-student (OLBI-S). Data were analyzed using ANOVA and paired t test at .05 probability level. RESULTS: Results showed that the group-focused REBC program significantly alleviated burnout symptoms among students in the treatment group compared to students in the control group as measured by OLBI-S subscales: exhaustion (F(1,51) = 41.789, P = .000, (Equation is included in full-text article.), ΔR = 0.634, SE = 1.00), and disengagement (F(1,51) = 196.036, P = .000, (Equation is included in full-text article.), ΔR = 0.869, SE = 0.69). The students who benefitted from the group-focused REBC program maintained reduced symptoms of burnout after three months when the researchers conducted a follow-up as measured by OLBI-S subscales: exhaustion (F(1,51) = 34.012, P = .000, (Equation is included in full-text article.), ΔR = 0.467, SE = 1.21), and disengagement (F(1,51) = 108.941, P = .000, (Equation is included in full-text article.), ΔR = 0.765, SE = 0.85). CONCLUSION: This research indicates that group-focused REBC can be applied to reduce burnout symptoms among undergraduate students. The group-focused REBC intervention may be adapted to overcome employee burnout and school administrators' burnout. Researchers may need to investigate the possibility of storing and harnessing data from studies on REBC and burnout and delivering computer-based/internet REBC program following evidence-based computing strategies and principles.


Assuntos
Terapia Comportamental/métodos , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/terapia , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Nigéria , Percepção , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
19.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1140: 771-785, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31347084

RESUMO

Mass spectrometry (MS) is a powerful technique that has various applications including the identification and characterization of proteins, protein-protein interactions and protein post translational modifications, as well as other molecules (i.e. metabolites, lipids, nucleotides and polynucleotides). However, not too many undergraduate students within the USA and around the world have access to (and are trained in) MS. The undergraduate students in our department are taught to analyze proteomics and metabolomics data obtained from MS analysis, including de novo sequencing of peptides and to interpret the MS and MS/MS data acquired in positive and negative ionization modes. Here, we give some examples of MS data analyzed in the Biochemistry I class and then examples of some independent research projects performed by students over the years in the Biochemistry and Biotechnology laboratory, where MS is used for both proteins, peptides and metabolites analysis, thus demonstrating the applicability of MS analysis in diverse fields. The projects discussed include analysis of the protein content present in yogurt, beer, protein shakes, contact lenses, or milk of animal or vegetal origin.


Assuntos
Metabolômica , Proteômica , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Universidades , Animais , Humanos , Peptídeos , Proteínas
20.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1138: 29-46, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31313256

RESUMO

In recent years student exposure to computer applications has increased at an unprecedented rate. Yet the use of these promising technologies in education remains in its infancy. The growing practice of 'gamification' offers today's educators the means of conveying their lessons in a more engaging way, by utilising computer game mechanics. However, many of these learning tools have not been empirically evaluated. This research investigated the development of a desktop computer application, to replace an existing learning resource, a video, currently used by over 700 life sciences students a year in one of the top 100 universities of the world. The interactive game presents the same essential information as the video, on key anatomical features of mammalian skulls, and provides student self-testing. Results from a two-treatment, pre- and post-intervention experimental design suggest the new product is better for providing both knowledge acquisition and a positive learning experience. Nevertheless, the results are unlikely to be statistically significant. Insights from the findings are discussed and directions for future research are given.


Assuntos
Biologia/educação , Computadores , Currículo , Universidades , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Software
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