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1.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-48223

RESUMO

O Grupo de Estudo Sobre o Indivíduo Idoso (ID), da Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo (FAU) da Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (UFJF), em parceria com a Comissão de Defesa dos Direitos da Pessoa Idosa da Câmara Municipal de Juiz de Fora, produz a revista passatempo “Xô, Corona!”. A revista faz parte das ações “ID na pandemia”, vinculada à Pró-reitoria de Extensão (Proex) da UFJF.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Pneumonia Viral , Isolamento Social , História em Quadrinhos , Relações Comunidade-Instituição , Universidades
2.
BMC Psychol ; 9(1): 90, 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34078469

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The WHO has raised concerns about the psychological consequences of the current COVID-19 pandemic, negatively affecting health across societies, cultures and age-groups. METHODS: This online survey study investigated mental health, subjective experience, and behaviour (health, learning/teaching) among university students studying in Egypt or Germany shortly after the first pandemic lockdown in May 2020. Psychological assessment included stable personality traits, self-concept and state-like psychological variables related to (a) mental health (depression, anxiety), (b) pandemic threat perception (feelings during the pandemic, perceived difficulties in describing, identifying, expressing emotions), (c) health (e.g., worries about health, bodily symptoms) and behaviour including perceived difficulties in learning. Assessment methods comprised self-report questions, standardized psychological scales, psychological questionnaires, and linguistic self-report measures. Data analysis comprised descriptive analysis of mental health, linguistic analysis of self-concept, personality and feelings, as well as correlational analysis and machine learning. N = 220 (107 women, 112 men, 1 = other) studying in Egypt or Germany provided answers to all psychological questionnaires and survey items. RESULTS: Mean state and trait anxiety scores were significantly above the cut off scores that distinguish between high versus low anxious subjects. Depressive symptoms were reported by 51.82% of the student sample, the mean score was significantly above the screening cut off score for risk of depression. Worries about health (mental and physical health) and perceived difficulties in identifying feelings, and difficulties in learning behaviour relative to before the pandemic were also significant. No negative self-concept was found in the linguistic descriptions of the participants, whereas linguistic descriptions of feelings during the pandemic revealed a negativity bias in emotion perception. Machine learning (exploratory) predicted personality from the self-report data suggesting relations between personality and subjective experience that were not captured by descriptive or correlative data analytics alone. CONCLUSION: Despite small sample sizes, this multimethod survey provides important insight into mental health of university students studying in Egypt or Germany and how they perceived the first COVID-19 pandemic lockdown in May 2020. The results should be continued with larger samples to help develop psychological interventions that support university students across countries and cultures to stay psychologically resilient during the pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Egito/epidemiologia , Emoções , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Linguística , Aprendizado de Máquina , Masculino , Saúde Mental , SARS-CoV-2 , Autorrelato , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades
3.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 282: 137-143, 2021 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085964

RESUMO

We present a pilot study on three Italian Universities using a multi-domain set of indicators for Inclusion. The indicators are expressed in the coding system of the International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health - ICF - (World Health Organization, 2001). We selected three medium-sized Italian Universities: Brescia, Trieste and Venice. We combined a student-centered Universal Design philosophy for the built environment and Universal Design for Learning for the instructional environment. We identified four ICF Environmental Chapters (E1, E3, E4 and E5) and made them specific to the Academic context. Within the four Environmental Chapters targeting the physical, instructional, cultural, communicative, social and recreational domains we developed a 35-item checklist to fill out. The indicators were qualitative, quantitative or a mixture of the two. The three Universities shared the same instruments. Our main finding is that, although accommodations for students with disabilities exist as mandated by Italian law, the prevailing implementation is an individual accommodation based approach, rather than a universal design approach for the benefit to the greatest extent of the student population.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Universidades , Saúde Global , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Estudantes
4.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 282: 144-160, 2021 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085965

RESUMO

The TINEL Project is running a series of camps for staff at higher education institution to support them in developing inclusive eLearning. The first camp was conducted face-to-face, but the coronavirus pandemic meant that the second camp was conducted online. This created a case study in inclusive eLearning in itself and allowed us to experience and reflect on the challenges and opportunities of inclusive online teaching and learning. This paper presents the structure and content of the two camps, our reflections on moving from a face-to-face to an online situation and our elaboration how the UDL principles apply to eLearning to create Universal Design for eLearning (UDeL). We found that because we already had a syllabus for the camp prepared, transferring it to an online camp did not present a great number of challenges. Some aspects of the online situation were actually advantageous (e.g. presenting all materials digitally and making them fully accessible) while others were difficult to overcome (e.g. engaging all participants in online activities and discussions). We provide a set of recommendations of how to implement the three principles of UDL in eLearning situations.


Assuntos
Instrução por Computador , Educação à Distância , Humanos , Instituições Acadêmicas , Design Universal , Universidades
5.
Wiad Lek ; 74(5): 1079-1085, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34090268

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim: The article presents the theoretical substantiation of the value-motivational component of a healthy lifestyle, the diagnostic procedure, the results of quantitative and qualitative analysis of the real state of its formation in students of modern universities; the pedagogical tools of health-oriented, containing interactive and reflexively oriented forms and methods of educating a healthy lifestyle are presented; specific examples of their implementation are given. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: A set of general scientific methods (analysis, synthesis, comparison, systematization, generalization) and diagnostic standardized methods (M. Rokich's "Value orientations" method, R. Berezivska's questionnaire "Attitude to health" (value-motivational scale), questionnaire "Motivational component of a healthy lifestyle" (N. Voloshko, V. Rybalka). RESULTS: Results: A healthy lifestyle is a way of life based on the value attitude to maintaining, improving and strengthening health through motivated activities aimed at improving living conditions, which ensures quality self-realization of the individual in all spheres of life. An essential component of the structure of a healthy lifestyle is the value-motivational component as a set of motives, needs, attitudes to maintain one's own health and fostering a sense of responsibility for it. The pedagogical tools of health orientation are a set of interactive and reflexively oriented forms and methods of forming a healthy lifestyle, which are based on the partner subject-subject interaction of teacher and students, their dialogue, polylogy and cooperation. CONCLUSION: Conclusions:Theoretical understanding and the results of diagnostic research made it possible to determine the nature and structure of a healthy lifestyle, to determine the real state of formation of its value-motivational component and to develop pedagogical tools of health orientation.


Assuntos
Motivação , Universidades , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Humanos , Lógica , Estudantes
6.
Wiad Lek ; 74(5): 1109-1113, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34090273

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim: Developing integration training (educational) programs for medical and legal students, interns, masters, doctors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Material and methods: When performing the work, on a set of search and analytical methods: analytical, bibliographic, systemic, informational, statistical; interdisciplinary interactive teaching methods for students of Sumy State University. RESULTS: Results: The results of the integrated training course are the formation of a new style of interdisciplinary relations between participants of the educational process and practical medicine and jurisprudence; new educational environment; classes with multi - and transdisciplinary experts-consultants; development of personal attitudes, future professional contacts, and practical skills. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: The introduction of new teaching methods using an interdisciplinary integrated approach increases the level of education quality (35.8% higher than the initial result) and conduct applied research in the field of public health, jurisprudence.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos , Estudantes , Universidades
7.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 71(5): 1438-1441, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091630

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and determinants of prediabetes among adolescents. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted at a public-sector medical university in Quetta, Pakistan, from December 2019 to February 2020, and comprised students aged 16-19 years. A self-administered questionnaire was used to gather socio-demographic data. Fasting blood sample was taken to measure the fasting plasma glucose level, lipid profile and glycated haemoglobin levels. Height, weight, neck circumference and waist circumference were also measured. Data was analysed using SPSS 21. RESULTS: Of the 351 subjects, 158(45%) were males and 193(55%) were females. The overall mean age was 18.81±0.41 years. Of the total, 81(23.1%) participants were found to have prediabetes. Neck circumference was identified as the strongest predictor for prediabetes, followed by high level of triglycerides, high systolic blood pressure, low levels of high-density lipoproteins, high levels of low-density lipoproteins, high diastolic blood pressure, waist circumference and body mass index (p<0.05). There was no significant difference in the prevalence of prediabetes among male and female students (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: There was no significant difference in the prevalence of prediabetes among male and female medical students. Neck circumference, Waist circumference, Body mass index, systolic blood pressure, Diastolic blood pressure, Triglyceride and High density Lipoprotein were strong predictors of prediabetes in adolescent population.


Assuntos
Epidemias , Estado Pré-Diabético , Estudantes de Medicina , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Estado Pré-Diabético/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34069066

RESUMO

Today's COVID-19 situation can affect university Health Sciences students' psychological health. This study aimed to analyze the stress caused by the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Health Sciences students from the University of Zaragoza (Spain) almost 1 year after the pandemic began. This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted with a sample of 252 university students who completed a self-administered online questionnaire. It evaluated the impact of perceived stress with a modified scale (PSS-10-C), and assessed anxiety and depression on the Goldberg scale. Students presented stress (13.1%), anxiety (71.4%) and depression (81%). Females (81.7%) and the third-year Occupational Therapy students (p = 0.010) reported perceived stress. Nursing students perceived less stress (OR: 0.148; 95% CI: 0.026 to 0.842). University students developed stress and anxiety due to COVID-19 almost 1 year after the pandemic began. Psychological support measures for these groups should be prioritized.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Ansiedade , Estudos Transversais , Depressão , Feminino , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Espanha/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estudantes , Universidades
9.
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova ; 121(4. Vyp. 2): 116-118, 2021.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34078870

RESUMO

On November 11-12, 2020, the XII All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference "Actual Problems of Somnology" was held in Moscow on the virtual platform of the Sechenov University Congress Center.


Assuntos
Universidades , Humanos , Moscou , Federação Russa
10.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 71(4): 1113-1117, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34125753

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the quality assurance procedures being implemented in the assessment system of medical colleges in Pakistan. Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted from March 2015 to December 2017 in medical training institutions recognised by the Pakistan Medical and Dental Council across Pakistan and Azad Jammu and Kashmir, and comprised individuals designated by the respective institutional administrations. The mixed method technique was employed using a semi-structured questionnaire. Data was analysed using SPSS 21. RESULTS: Of the 49 institutions, 20(41%) were in the public sector and 29(59%) were in the private sector. Overall, 35(71.4%) institutions followed a written assessment policy provided by the affiliated university, 9(18%) never did so, 22(44.8 %) had content experts checking if the questions matched the objectives, 42(85.7%) took strict steps to prevent cheating in exams, and 26(53.1%) analysed theory exam statistically. Discrimination index, difficulty index, reliability, and point biserial were 14(28.6%), 13(26.5%), 12(24.4%), and 7(14.3%) of the medical colleges respectively. Only 12(24.5%) institutions provided written feedback on the results, and 15(30.6%) conducted annual internal audit. Conclusion: General issues related to quality assurance procedures in assessments were found to be in place in majority of the colleges. However, a large proportion did not have them.


Assuntos
Universidades , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Paquistão , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 71(4): 1152-1156, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34125761

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate students' perceptions of problem-based learning tutorial sessions. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted at the College of Medicine, Jouf University, Al-Jawf Saudi Arabia, from March to May 2019, and comprised medical students in their clinical phase. Data was collected using an electronic questionnaire about students' perceptions of problem-based learning sessions, tutors' session facilitation, and tutors' student evaluation fairness. Data was analysed using SPSS 21. RESULTS: Of the 66 students approached, 51(77.27%) completed the questionnaire; 23(45%) males and 28(55%) females. The agreement mean perception score was 4.73±2.13 regarding various statements characterising problem-based learning sessions. Lesser mean score of agreement 1.33±1.07 was observed regarding tutors' facilitation of the sessions and their students' evaluation. CONCLUSIONS: Students perceived problem-based learning sessions as effective and interactive, but did not positively perceive tutors' evaluations.


Assuntos
Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Estudantes de Medicina , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Percepção , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Arábia Saudita , Universidades
12.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(22): 1638-1641, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34126712

RESUMO

Sleep Medicine is a clinical specialty covering the main categories of sleep-wake disorders. The formal training system for sleep medicine has been established in many countries, but not yet in China. The implementation of a pilot sleep medicine fellowship program was elaborated in this article, based on needs assessment of the relevant affiliated hospitals and teaching hospitals of Peking University Health Science Center. It was intended to draw on experiences to build up formal sleep medicine training system in future.


Assuntos
Bolsas de Estudo , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , China , Humanos , Sono , Universidades
13.
BMC Psychol ; 9(1): 95, 2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34103081

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: In the beginning of 2020, the novel Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, became a public health emergency in the U.S. and rapidly escalated into a global pandemic. Because the SARS-CoV-2 virus is highly contagious, physical distancing was enforced and indoor public spaces, including schools and educational institutions, were abruptly closed and evacuated to ensure civilian safety. Accordingly, educational institutions rapidly transitioned to remote learning. We investigated the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on domestic U.S. college students, ages 18-24 years. METHODS: Through Pollfish®'s survey research platform, we collected data from 200 domestic U.S. college students in this age range (N = 200) regarding the physical, emotional, and social impacts of COVID-19 as well as key background information (e.g. whether or not they are first-generation or if they identify with the LGBTQIA+ community). RESULTS: Our results indicate that students closer to graduating faced increases in anxiety (60.8%), feeling of loneliness (54.1%), and depression (59.8%). Many reported worries for the health of loved ones most impacted their mental health status (20.0%), and the need to take care of family most affected current and future plans (31.8%). Almost one-half of students took to exercising and physical activity to take care of their mental health (46.7%). While a third did not have strained familial relationships (36.5%), almost one half did (45.7%). A majority found it harder to complete the semester at home (60.9%), especially among those who had strained relationships with family (34.1%). Seventy percent spent time during the pandemic watching television shows or movies. Significantly more men, first-generation, and low-income students gained beneficial opportunities in light of the pandemic, whereas their counterparts reported no impact. First-generation students were more likely to take a gap year or time off from school. CONCLUSIONS: Although students found ways to take care of themselves and spent more time at home, the clear negative mental health impacts call for schools and federal regulations to accommodate, support, and make mental health care accessible to all students.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Saúde Mental , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedade , Depressão , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudantes , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
14.
BMC Med Educ ; 21(1): 335, 2021 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34107926

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Following the COVID-19 pandemic, distance education (DE) replaced traditional "face-to-face" teaching and has become the main method of teaching. The aim of this study was to 1) evaluate the impact of DE by teachers in our department during the second semester of the 2019-20 academic year following the March-May 2020 Italian national lockdown and 2) evaluate the relationship between DE and the emotional well-being of teachers during the period of home confinement. METHODS: Ninety-seven university teachers (51.5% women; most represented age group 60-69 years range, 40.2%) responded to an anonymous online cross-sectional survey between July 15 - September 30, 2020, on the advantages and disadvantages of DE, developed by one online teacher focus group. The emotional conditions were assessed by a short version of the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II). The internal consistency reliability survey and the 10-item BDI-II were measured by Cronbach's alpha. A correlation analysis (r-Pearson) was conducted between the overall evaluation of the experience of DE and the variables included in the study. RESULTS: Teachers reported difficulties in technical aspects, and in psychological factors, as the discomfort of "speaking in the void" (64.7%). The absence of "face-to-face" eye contact with the students was complained by 81% of teachers. Significant impairments in sleep patterns and loss of energy were reported, with female teachers having greater difficulty concentrating than their male colleagues. A quarter of teachers showed depressive symptoms of varying severity. The most satisfied teachers were those most stimulated by DE (r = 0.752, p < 0.000), who showed a lower impact of depressive symptoms (r = - 0.289, p = 0.005). The teaching load in hours influenced the perception of disadvantages (r = 0.214, p = 0.035) and contributed to a lower appreciation of the challenges of DE. The more significant the manifestation of depressive symptoms during the lockdown was, the greater the subjective recovery of a good emotional condition once the domestic confinement was over (r = 0.344, p = 0.001), despite maintaining DE. CONCLUSIONS: Our study highlights the impact of technical, didactic, and psychological difficulties of DE, reported by our teachers. The appreciation of their new learning promoted by DE seemed related to better emotional well-being of university teachers accepting this "challenge" in their important role in the high-education system, influencing good learning and promoting students' professional success.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Educação à Distância , Adulto , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pandemias , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , SARS-CoV-2 , Universidades
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34073925

RESUMO

Efforts to limit severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections among hospital healthcare staff are crucial for controlling the Coronavirus Disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemics. The study aimed to explore the prevalence and clinical presentations of COVID-19 in healthcare workers (HCWs) at the University Clinical Hospital (UCH) in Wroclaw with 1677 beds. The retrospective study was performed in 2020 using a self-derived structured questionnaire in a sample of HCWs who were diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 infection confirmed using a PCR double gene test and consented to be enrolled into the study. The significance level for all statistical tests was set to 0.05. The study showed that of the 4998 hospital workers, among 356 cases reported as COVID-19 infected, 70 consented to take part in the survey: nurses (48.5%), doctors (17.1%), HCWs with patient contact (10.0%), other HCWs without patient contact (7.1%), and cleaning personnel (5.7%). HCWs reported concurrent diseases such as hypertension (17.1%), bronchial asthma (5.7%), and diabetes (5.7%). Failure to keep 2 m distancing during contact (65.5%) and close contact with the infected person 14 days before the onset of symptoms or collection of biological material (58.6%) were identified as the increased risks of infection. A large part of infections in hospital healthcare staff were symptomatic (42.9%). The first symptoms of COVID-19 were general weakness (42.9%), poor mental condition (41.4%), and muscle pain (32.9%); whereas in the later stages of the illness, general weakness (38.6%), coughing (34.3%), lack of appetite (31.4%), and loss of taste (31.4%) were observed. In about 30% of the infected HCWs, there was no COVID-19 symptoms whatsoever. The vast majority of the patients were treated at home (85.7%). In conclusion, the majority of the SARS-CoV-2 infections in the hospital HCWs were asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic. Therefore, successful limitation of COVID-19 infection spread at hospitals requires a close attention to future cross-infections.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Polônia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Universidades
16.
Korean J Med Educ ; 33(2): 75-85, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34062639

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare differences in happiness and stress and related factors between pre-clinical and clinical year medical students during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Thailand. All undergraduate medical students were requested to voluntarily respond to an electronic survey. Demographic data, related factors of happiness and stress, scores from the Thai version of the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (Thai-OHQ), and Thai Stress Questionnaire (Thai-ST5) were collected. RESULTS: There were 369 responses, 64.8% from preclinical students and 35.2% responses from clinical students, and 53.9% were women. The mean age of the participants was 20.62±1.81 years. The most frequent platforms that the students used to track COVID-19 information were Facebook 43.9% and Twitter 43.4%. Both groups had a low level of stress. No difference was found in the Thai-OHQ score (p=0.323) and the Thai-ST5 score (p=0.278). With multivariable analysis, two factors significantly related to the happier students included higher health satisfaction scores (p<0.001) and maintaining an exercise program during the COVID-19 pandemic (p=0.015). CONCLUSION: There was no difference in the happiness and stress levels between the two groups during the first outbreak of COVID-19 in Thailand. To increase happiness, promoting awareness of health satisfaction and regularity of exercise for the medical students should be initiated. To direct the information during a disease outbreak such as the COVID-19 pandemic, Facebook, and Twitter are the primary platforms to use.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Felicidade , Pandemias , Satisfação Pessoal , Estresse Psicológico , Estudantes de Medicina , Adolescente , Adulto , Conscientização , Estágio Clínico , Estudos Transversais , Surtos de Doenças , Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2 , Mídias Sociais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tailândia , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
17.
Korean J Med Educ ; 33(2): 139-145, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34062645

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Seoul National University College of Medicine operates a faculty development program for clinical teachers at multiple affiliated teaching hospitals. In 2020, the program was moved online due to coronavirus disease 2019. The purpose of this study was to determine whether it is feasible and effective to provide faculty development programs online in terms of clinical teachers' participation and satisfaction in comparison with offline programs. METHODS: Clinical teachers participated in the clinical teaching methods programs offline in 2019 and online in 2020. We analyzed participation rate and satisfaction level. All surveys items were rated on a 5-point Likert scale. We also interviewed instructors about the advantages and drawbacks of the online program. RESULTS: The participation rate of the online program (89.5%) was significantly higher than that of the offline program (67.8%). The overall satisfaction level for the online program (4.37) was similar to that for the offline program (4.50). CONCLUSION: Faculty development programs online are feasible and effective in medical education. We need to design training content that fits online programs, consider various online training methods to reinforce the strengths of online programs, and support participants to make good use of these programs.


Assuntos
Educação à Distância , Docentes de Medicina/educação , Faculdades de Medicina , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal/métodos , Ensino/educação , Universidades , COVID-19 , Currículo , Estudos de Viabilidade , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Pandemias , Satisfação Pessoal , República da Coreia
18.
Afr J Reprod Health ; 25(s1): 26-35, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34077142

RESUMO

Academic women in the Arab world, especially Saudi women, have numerous barriers inhibiting their leadership power at the workplace. The current study explores the perceived and real barriers to workplace empowerment among women at Saudi universities. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out at 15 Saudi governmental universities. A multistage cluster sampling technique was followed to select (5587 participants) The data collection started from the beginning of April to the beginning of September 2020. SPSS 23.0 was used to analyze data using descriptive statistics. Multiple linear regression was used to identify the real barriers to women empowerment at the workplace. The study showed that 52.1% of the study participants had moderate workplace empowerment, and only 10.2% have a low level. Regarding perceived barriers to workplace empowerment, 42.6% of the participants agree that male dominance was a barrier. Moreover, 36.2% of the participants agreed and strongly agree that the customs and traditions are a barrier to women empowerment at the workplace. Multiple linear regression showed that age, followed by years of experience (p <0.000), were the most significant demographic predictors of women empowerment at the workplace. Moreover, positive attitude, high self-esteem, and good knowledge (p <0.000) were considered other variables that positively predict women's empowerment at the workplace. The experience of gender-based violence (p <0.000) was a negative predictor of women empowerment at the workplace. The study concluded that around 62.3% of Saudi female academics and administrative staff have moderate or low workplace empowerment at Saudi Universities. Male dominance is perceived as the highest barrier.


Assuntos
Empoderamento , Autonomia Pessoal , Poder Psicológico , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Arábia Saudita , Universidades
19.
Afr J Reprod Health ; 25(s1): 50-59, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34077144

RESUMO

The KSA 2030 vision makes special reference to women's empowerment as an important strategy for Saudi community transformation. Studies related to women's empowerment, especially in the Saudi context, are still not enough and unclear. The current study explored the predictors of women empowerment knowledge and attitudes among Saudi academic and administrative staff. A cross-sectional study was conducted at 15 Saudi government-owned universities. A multistage cluster sampling technique was used to select 5587 participants during the period April to September 2020. The study instrument consisting of three main parts; basic demographic data, questionnaire assessed the knowledge regarding women's empowerment, and women empowerment attitude scale. The results showed good knowledge of empowerment among the women with 75.5% of the participants demonstrating good knowledge. The total women empowerment attitude was positive among 65.9% of the participants. The association between demographic data and women empowerment knowledge and attitude showed a significant association with marital status, residence, education, and occupation (p <0.05). Linear regression on marital status, education, residence, and occupation, are confirmed as significant predictors of women empowerment knowledge and attitude (p <0.05). Mother's education level is shown as a predictor for women empowerment attitude (p>0.005). Three-quarters of Saudi academic and administrative staff have a good women empowerment knowledge score, and more than two-thirds have a positive attitude. Demographic characteristics are important predictors for women empowerment knowledge and attitude. The results of this study will help decision-makers to design and implement goal-directed women empowerment programs.


Assuntos
Pessoal Administrativo/psicologia , Empoderamento , Docentes/psicologia , Poder Psicológico , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/psicologia , Adulto , Atitude , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Conhecimento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autonomia Pessoal , Arábia Saudita , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades
20.
Afr J Reprod Health ; 25(s1): 60-68, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34077145

RESUMO

Women in Saudi Arabia constitute nearly 50% of the population, but their participation in economic and social activities are far below the kingdom's potential. According to the 2030 vision, women empowerment is an essential requirement for community transformation and development. The study aims to explore women empowerment among academic and administrative staff in Saudi Universities. A cross-sectional research design was conducted at 15 Saudi governmental universities. A multistage cluster sampling technique was followed to select 5587 participants. The data collection starts from April to September 2020. The current study results illustrate statistically significant differences between academic and administrative staff in the total women empowerment score and all of its dimensions (p <0.05). The majority of academic staff (84.4%) have high personal empowerment compared to 73.7% of the administrative staff. The study concluded that women empowerment is higher among academics compared to administrative staff in Saudi Universities.


Assuntos
Pessoal Administrativo/psicologia , Empoderamento , Docentes/psicologia , Poder Psicológico , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autonomia Pessoal , Arábia Saudita , Autoimagem , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades
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