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1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e33123, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1096012

RESUMO

Objetivo: analisar as repercussões do trabalho docente na saúde nos professores de enfermagem. Método: estudo qualitativo e descritivo realizado com 27 docentes de duas universidades públicas federais do Rio de Janeiro. A coleta de dados ocorreu por meio de entrevista semiestruturada e a técnica utilizada para o tratamento dos dados foi a análise temática de conteúdo. Resultados: devido às novas configurações do trabalho docente, que pressiona por alta demanda laboral e, por sua vez, oferece inadequadas condições de trabalho, esta atividade favorece ao adoecimento desses profissionais, que em contrapartida, relegam a segundo plano o cuidado com a própria saúde. Conclusão: compromissos exigidos no dia a dia e a falta de qualidade no trabalho tornam a vida do docente cada vez mais afastada do seu autocuidado e com elevado potencial para o adoecimento.


Objective: to analyze the repercussions of teaching work on the health of nursing professors. Method: qualitative and descriptive study with 27 teachers from two federal public universities in Rio de Janeiro. The data collection took place through a semi-structured interview and the technique used for the data treatment was the thematic content analysis. Results: due to the new configurations of the teaching work, which presses for high labor demand and, in turn, offers inadequate working conditions, this profession favors the teaching sickness, which, on the other hand, relegate health care to the background. Conclusion: commitments required on a daily basis and lack of quality in the work make the life of the teacher increasingly removed from their self-care and with high potential for illness. Descriptors: Faculty; occupational health; education, nursing; working conditions.


Objetivo: analizar las repercusiones del trabajo docente en la salud de los profesores de enfermería. Método: estudio cualitativo y descriptivo realizado con 27 maestros de dos universidades públicas federales de Río de Janeiro. La recolección de datos ocurrió por medio de entrevista semiestructurada y la técnica utilizada para el tratamiento de los datos fue el análisis temático de contenido. Resultados: debido a las nuevas configuraciones del trabajo docente, que presiona por alta demanda laboral y, a su vez, ofrece inadecuadas condiciones de trabajo, esta profesión favorece al enfermo docente, que en contrapartida, relegan a segundo plano el cuidado con la propia salud. Conclusión: compromisos exigidos en el día a día y la falta de calidad en el trabajo hacen la vida del docente cada vez más alejada de su autocuidado y con elevado potencial para la enfermedad.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Universidades , Condições de Trabalho , Processo Saúde-Doença , Saúde do Trabalhador , Docentes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Brasil , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Setor Público , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida
2.
J UOEH ; 42(3): 275-279, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879192

RESUMO

The Japan Environment Health and Children's Study (JECS) is an ongoing cohort study designed to evaluate the impact of various environmental factors on children's health. In this study, more than 100,000 pregnant women were recruited in 15 regional centers throughout Japan. Within the University of Occupational and Environmental Health, the departments of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Environmental Health, and the School of Health Sciences collaborate with the JECS University of Occupational and Environmental Health Subunit Center in advancing research in this study. Several original articles based on JECS and written by our unit members were published in recent years. The aim of this review is to summarize these studies by JECS and University of Occupational and Environmental Health Subunit Center based on the data from JECS. We introduce research articles covering the following categories; environmental health, occupational health, and maternal and child health. Studies found associations between concentrations of metals and maternal health, such as premature birth, placenta previa and placenta accrete, associations between metals and IgE, dietary differences among occupational groups, associations between work-related factors and dietary behaviors, associations between job changes and pregnancy/delivery, mental and physical stress among pregnant women and influence on work, associations between sleep and gestational diabetes, and associations between an ability to push up in the prone position and infant development. This review may promote the development of new research, such as collaborative research projects, including clinical and social medicine, epidemiological studies and laboratory investigations.


Assuntos
Saúde da Criança , Saúde Ambiental , Saúde do Trabalhador , Universidades , Estudos de Coortes , Diabetes Gestacional , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E , Japão , Metais/metabolismo , Placenta Acreta , Placenta Prévia , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro , Trabalho
3.
Praxis (Bern 1994) ; 109(11): 834-840, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873162

RESUMO

Reflections on Trends in the Undergraduate Curricula of Human Medicine at the Universities in Switzerland Abstract. Reflections on current trends and progressions in the undergraduate curricula of Human Medicine of the universities in Switzerland. Both updated modern learning objectives and the politically intended higher number of graduated swiss physicians will make an impact on clinical skills training and offers opportunities in focusing as well as in coordinating the curricula.


Assuntos
Currículo , Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Medicina , Competência Clínica , Humanos , Suíça , Universidades
4.
Praxis (Bern 1994) ; 109(11): 843-846, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873170

RESUMO

Studying Human Medicine at the University of Zurich Abstract. We compile the most important published information on studying human medicine at the Medical Faculty of the University of Zurich (as of 8.6.2020), with a brief overview of the 'Education Network' (www.medunet.ch) of the six participating locations with the Universities of Zurich, Basel, St. Gallen, Lucerne, the Università della Svizzera italiana and the ETH Zurich. Within the educational network, the Universities of Lucerne and St. Gallen offer the so-called 'Lucerne Track' and 'St. Gallen Track' for 40 medical students each as a joint Master's program with the University of Zurich. The two partners present their curriculum in separate articles. Finally, information on the current curriculum revision is provided under the label ZH Med4, which stands for the main focus areas of digitization, research, networking and primary care.


Assuntos
Educação Médica , Medicina , Estudantes de Medicina , Currículo , Humanos , Complexo Mediador , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Suíça , Universidades
7.
Vestn Otorinolaringol ; 85(4): 101-105, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32885647

RESUMO

The 75-year history of the creation and organization of the Department of Otorhinolaryngology in the Chelyabinsk Medical Institute (now the South Ural State Medical University) is described in the article. The fascinating path of the formation of the department is setted out consistently from the first days of its creation. The achievements of the department staff are represented at all stages of its organization.


Assuntos
Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , Otolaringologia/educação , Academias e Institutos , História do Século XX , Humanos , Universidades
8.
An. psicol ; 36(2): 304-312, mayo 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-192067

RESUMO

For almost a century now, the concern of universities about student satisfaction with teaching quality has been increasing. A literature review has enabled the attributes of quality teaching to be classified into three main types: pedagogical, generic, and disciplinary. The aim of this paper is to identify the variables that, in the opinion of students, most influence student satisfaction regarding teaching quality. A total of 476 undergraduate students participated from Business Administration and Management of the University of Castilla-La Mancha (Spain). An ad hoc questionnaire was used to assess student satisfaction with teaching. Parametric (Logistic Regression Analysis) and non-parametric (Decision Tree) models were used. Our data indicate that if the professor explains the subject clearly, is concerned to find out whether the explanations have been understood, and carefully prepares the classes; the teaching-quality assessment will be very satisfactory. The identification of the attributes of quality teaching will enable universities to draw up initial and ongoing training plans for their teaching staff, bearing in mind the crucial role played by generic, pedagogical, and disciplinary competences in professor-student interaction


Desde hace casi un siglo la preocupación de las universidades sobre la satisfacción de los estudiantes con la calidad de la docencia recibida se ha ido incrementando. La revisión de la literatura permite clasificar los atributos de una docencia de calidad en tres grandes tipos de competencias: pedagógicas, genéricas y disciplinares. El objetivo de este trabajo es señalar las variables, que a juicio de los estudiantes, más influyen en la satisfacción del alumnado con la calidad de la docencia. Los participantes fueron 476 estudiantes del grado de Administración y Dirección de Empresas de la Universidad Castilla La Mancha. Se utilizó un cuestionario construido ad hoc para valorar la satisfacción de los estudiantes con la docencia. Se utilizaron pruebas paramétricas (Análisis de Regresión Logística) y no paramétricas (árbol de decisión). Nuestros datos indican que si el profesor explica con claridad, se preocupa por averiguar si los conceptos explicados han sido entendidos y prepara sus clases la valoración sobre la calidad de su docencia será muy satisfactoria. El identificar los atributos de una docencia de calidad permitirá a las universidades elaborar planes de formación inicial y permanente de su profesorado teniendo presente el papel crucial que juegan las competencias genéricas, pedagógicas y disciplinares en la interacción profesor-estudiante


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Docentes , Satisfação Pessoal , Estudantes/psicologia , Educação , Competência Profissional , Universidades , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Árvores de Decisões , Modelos Logísticos , Curva ROC
9.
An. psicol ; 36(2): 320-329, mayo 2020. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-192069

RESUMO

In accordance with the goal of the positive psychology approach, this study was designed to build an understanding of the relationships among optimism, cognitive flexibility, adjustment to university life and happiness by proposing a multiple mediation model. A total of 386 undergraduates (64% female and 36% male) between 18-22 years participated in the study. The participants were recruited from a small university in Turkey. The Life Orientation Test, Cognitive Flexibility Inventory, University Life Scale, and Oxford Happiness Questionnaire Short Form were utilized as measures. The results showed that optimism, cognitive flexibility, adjustment to university life, and happiness positively correlated. The findings from the mediational analyses also indicated that the serial multiple mediation of cognitive flexibility and adjustment to university life in the hypothetical model was statistically significant and explained approximately 50% of the variance in happiness


De acuerdo con el objetivo del enfoque de psicología positiva, este estudio fue diseñado para construir una comprensión de las relaciones entre optimismo, flexibilidad cognitiva, ajuste a la vida universitaria y felicidad mediante la propuesta de un modelo de mediación múltiple. Un total de 386 estudiantes universitarios (64% mujeres y 36% hombres) entre 18-22 años participaron en el estudio. Los participantes fueron reclutados de una pequeña universidad en Turquía. El Test de Orientación de Vida, el Inventario de Flexibilidad Cognitiva, la Escala de Vida Universitaria y el Formulario Corto del Cuestionario de Felicidad de Oxford fueron utilizados como medidas. Los resultados mostraron que el optimismo, la flexibilidad cognitiva, el ajuste a la vida universitaria y la felicidad se correlacionan positivamente. Los resultados de los análisis mediacionales también indicaron que la mediación serial múltiple de la flexibilidad cognitiva y el ajuste a la vida universitaria en el modelo hipotetizado fue estadísticamente significativa y explicaron aproximadamente el 50% de la varianza en la felicidad


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Otimismo , Felicidade , Estudantes/psicologia , Ajustamento Social , Universidades , Cognição , Inventário de Personalidade/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Testes Psicológicos
11.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 11(1,n.esp): 48-57, ago. 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1116341

RESUMO

Objetivo: Analisar as ações de ensino, pesquisa, extensão, assistência e gestão para o enfrentamento da pandemia de COVID-19, no âmbito de Escolas e Departamentos de Enfermagem de Universidades Federais brasileiras. Método: Pesquisa documental realizada no mês de abril de 2020, com buscas em sites e redes sociais (Facebook, Instagram e Twitter) das Escolas e Departamentos de Enfermagem das Universidades Federais de São Paulo, do Amazonas, de Brasília, do Ceará e de Santa Catarina; Portal de Monitoramento do Ministério da Educação e documentos oficiais: planos de contingências e de ações, resoluções, decisões e portarias institucionais. Resultados: As Universidades constituíram comitês de gestão para o direcionamento de ações. As Escolas/Departamentos de Enfermagem demonstraram alinhamento com as universidades, participando destes comitês e estabelecendo estratégias para respostas à comunidade, com ações e ensino remotos, sem paralisação das atividades; informações divulgadas em diferentes mídias; cursos online, sobre a pandemia e seus cuidados; confecção de equipamentos de proteção individual para os trabalhadores dos hospitais universitários e doações; engajamento dos professores no desenvolvimento de pesquisas sobre COVID-19. Conclusão: As instituições demonstraram imensa participação nas ações de combate à COVID-19 nas ações de ensino, pesquisa, extensão e gestão, demonstrando seu compromisso social com a formação de futuros enfermeiros e contribuindo com seu papel social na comunidade e no país. (AU)


Objective: To analyze teaching, research, extension, assistance and management actions to face COVID-19 pandemic, within scope of Schools and Nursing Departments of Brazilian Federal Universities. Method: Documentary research carried out in April 2020, with searches on websites and social networks (Facebook, Instagram and Twitter) of Schools and Nursing Departments of Federal Universities of São Paulo, Amazonas, Brasília, Ceará and Santa Catarina; Monitoring Portal of the Ministry of Education and official documents: contingency and action plans, resolutions, decisions and institutional ordinances. Results: Universities have set up management committees to direct actions. Nursing Schools/Departments demonstrated alignment with universities, participating in these committees and establishing strategies for responding to community, with remote actions and teaching, without stopping activities; information disseminated in different media; online courses on pandemic and its care; making personal protective equipment for university hospital workers and donations; teacher engagement in developing research on COVID-19. Conclusion: The institutions have demonstrated immense participation in actions to combat COVID-19 in teaching, research, extension and management actions, demonstrating their social commitment to training of future nurses and contributing to their social role in community and country. (AU)


Objetivo: Analizar las acciones de enseñanza, investigación, extensión, asistencia y gestión para enfrentar la pandemia COVID-19, en ámbito de las Escuelas y Departamentos de Enfermería de Universidades Federales de Brasil. Método: Investigación documental realizada en abril de 2020, con búsquedas en sitios web y redes sociales (Facebook, Instagram y Twitter) de las Escuelas y Departamentos de Enfermería de las Universidades Federales de São Paulo, Amazonas, Brasilia, Ceará y Santa Catarina; Portal de seguimiento del Ministerio de Educación y documentos oficiales: planes de contingencia y acción, resoluciones, decisiones y ordenanzas institucionales. Resultados: Las universidades han establecido comités de gestión para dirigir las acciones. Las Escuelas/Departamentos de Enfermería demostraron alineamiento con las universidades, participaron en estos comités y establecieron estrategias para responder a comunidad, con acciones remotas y enseñanza, sin detener las actividades; información difundida en diferentes medios; cursos en línea sobre la pandemia y su atención; fabricación de equipos de protección personal para trabajadores de hospitales universitarios y donaciones; Compromiso del docente en desarrollo de la investigación sobre COVID-19. Conclusión: Las instituciones han demostrado una inmensa participación en acciones para combatir COVID-19 en acciones de enseñanza, investigación, extensión y gestión, demostrando su compromiso social con la formación de futuras enfermeras y contribuyendo a su papel social en comunidad y país. (AU)


Assuntos
Coronavirus , Enfermagem em Saúde Pública , Universidades , Infecções por Coronavirus , Educação em Enfermagem , Pandemias
12.
Orv Hetil ; 161(34): 1423-1430, 2020 08.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32804672

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Palliative, symptomatic and end-of-life care of advanced and metastatic cancer patients is a great challenge for every health care system. With the initiation and establishment of the multidisciplinary palliative tumor board (MPTB), our aims were the timely referral of patients to palliative care, and the avoidance of multiple unnecessary emergency visits and over-diagnostics without further treatment consequences. METHOD AND RESULTS: The MPTB meetings were held biweekly. The core members of the team were: palliative care consultant, medical oncologist, internal medicine physician, psychologist, psychiatrist, and oncology and palliative medicine nurses. From May 2019 till January 2020, we discussed the medical history of 97 cases of 93 cancer patients with advanced disease states; in one meeting the team usually discussed over 6-10 complex patient histories. In every case we determined the actual form of the necessary palliative care, e.g., outpatient clinic, home care, or institutional referral, and we decided on further possible and realistic oncology treatment regimes. A few months after the introduction of the new MPTB, we detected a decrease of the unnecessary emergency unit referrals considering the patients whose histories were discussed. CONCLUSIONS: Although the initial MPTB discussions had an intense emotional tone, they shortly became thoughtful and operational expert meetings. We believe that the MPTB system fully promotes the early and timely access of advanced cancer patients to appropriate palliative care and facilitates gradual changes in the medical oncologists' approach from the absolute curative determination to a supportive medical attitude. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(34): 1423-1430.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/terapia , Cuidados Paliativos , Universidades/organização & administração , Conselho Diretor , Humanos , Hungria
13.
Wiad Lek ; 73(7): 1438-1447, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32759434

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim is to investigate the state of health of the students of Ukrainian higher education institutions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The study of state of health was conducted at Polissia National University and Zhytomyr Ivan Franko State University in 2008-2019. The results of a medical examination of 3737 students of different faculties between the ages of 17 and 22 were examined. Medical examinations were conducted by the doctors of the medical centers of universities. Totally 1208 pupils (male and female) of the schools of Zhytomyr region were involved in the questionnaire, which was conducted to analyze the attendance of physical education classes by pupils while studying at school. 648 students of Polissia National University participated in the study of the self-assessment of their own health, causes, and structure of disease incidence, the dynamics of the loss of labor capacity. RESULTS: Results: It was established that from 24 to 30.8 % of the students had diseases and a low level of physical development that indicated a low level of physical education at schools. It was revealed that the number of sick students was increasing during the study at higher educational institutions (HEI) that led to missing classes. Besides, up to 35.5 % of students had health disorders and belonged to a special medical group. And 1.7 % of the students had chronic diseases and disabilities and were exempted from sports. It was found that physical education and sports took the 5th place in the system of life values of male students and the 12th place in the system of life values of female students. CONCLUSION: Conclusions:Physical education, aimed at enhancing the functional capacity of an organism, the development of physical qualities, the improvement of the special physical and technical readiness in the sphere of physical activity types and the acquisition of professionally applied skills and abilities, is the basis for strengthening the health of students of Ukraine.


Assuntos
Educação Física e Treinamento , Estudantes , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Instituições Acadêmicas , Ucrânia , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
14.
Wiad Lek ; 73(7): 1516-1520, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32759448

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of study is special aspects of the efficient daily routine of students at modern educational institutions of different types, and its influence on psychophysical functions, adaptive abilities, the quality of life as well as the state of mental and somatic health of the youngsters. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: While studying special aspects of the daily routine of students at modern educational institutions and their influence on the state of physical and mental health, the young people were observed in five modern educational establishments in Ivano-Frankivsk: Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Ivano-Frankivsk Finance Commercial Cooperative College named after S.Granat, Ivano-Frankivsk music school named after Denis Sichinskiy, Ivano-Frankivsk Vocational Motor Transport and Construction Lyceum № 15, Ivano-Frankivsk boarding lyceum for gifted young people from rural areas. 300 students were observed (150 female students and 150 male students). The study analyzed their educational conditions, daily routine tension, and activities during breaks, special aspects of leisure arrangements, amount of time spent on homework, subjective assessment of the level of tension of the educational process, and their projected influence on the health state of students by using static models. RESULTS: Results: Received results of the assessment of sanitary and hygienic conditions under which training takes place at modern educational institutions of different types, as well as conditions of after school activities of the students, by applying common methods to evaluate illumination level, microclimate, and air quality have revealed that the youngsters' conditions at modern educational institutions are marked by absence of significant deviations from common hygienic requirements, they are similar and easily comparable andthat enables defensibly and illuminatively to identify main features of influence of the different psychohygienic methods on the development of health maintaining tools and the establishment of features of the formation of functional capabilities and the basic correlates of mental and physical health. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: The educational conditions of young people in modern educational establishments can be described as not having considerable deviations from common hygienic requirements, being easily comparable and enabling to identify main influence factors of different types of psychohygienic methods of developing and implementing of healthmaintaining tools on the course of formation of the functional capabilities of the body and the development of the main adaptation reactions in young males and females.


Assuntos
Estudantes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Qualidade de Vida , Instituições Acadêmicas , Universidades
16.
Neuropsychiatr ; 34(3): 101-107, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32813228

RESUMO

The first psychiatric chairs and university departments of psychiatry in Austria were founded in Vienna and Graz in 1870: hence they celebrate their 150th anniversary this year 2020. These foundations represent a peak in the development of psychiatry as a scientific medical discipline. It is the aim of this paper to sketch that step by step development in its connection with the development of care institutions of the time and with reference to important personalities in the field. Vienna-as the metropole of the state and the most prominent place in the field-is taken as an example. One can distinguish four developmental periods: (1) The establishment of care institutions (asylums), at first without an own medical staff and unqualified male and female keepers (late 18th century up to early 19th). (2) The growing independance of these institutions-in Vienna the 'Tower of Fools'-and the emergence of 'alienists' who began to reflect on their activities and to share their experiences on academic grounds and the publication of a first Austrian textbook (1st half of 19th century). (3) From the 1850s on several alienists habilitated, partly with special emphasis on forensic psychology or cerebral anatomy and physiology, and developed a systematic academic teaching, again with a new 'modern' textbook, in some connection with a new care institution, and the foundation of a scientific association of psychiatry and forensic psychology in 1868. (4) An early activity of that association was to call for the institution of a chair and a university department of psychiatry within the asylum, both realised in 1870.


Assuntos
Psiquiatria , Áustria , Feminino , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Hospitais Psiquiátricos , Humanos , Psiquiatria/história , Universidades
17.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 92(4): e20191517, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844990

RESUMO

Pathogenic microbial detection and control in laboratory animal facilities is essential to guarantee animal welfare, data validity and reproducibility. Helicobacter spp. are known to affect mice health, what may interfere with experimental outcomes. This study aimed to screen for Helicobacter spp. in mice from animal facilities in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil using a PCR-based method. Primers designed to specifically identify Helicobacter spp. were used to amplify feces or intestine DNA extracted of mice from four different animal facilities. The expected 375 base pairs (bp) amplicon was purified, sequenced and a similarity of 95% was observed when compared to deposited sequences of H. hepaticus and H. bilis. In our screening, Helicobacter spp. was detected in ~59% of fecal and ~70% of intestine samples. Our study is the first to screen for Helicobacter spp. in mouse facilities of a Rio de Janeiro University using a low cost, rapid molecular diagnostic test. Although Helicobacter spp. screening is not mandatory according to Brazilian animal welfare regulation it is recommended by institutional animal health monitoring programs guidelines worldwide, including ARRIVE, AAALAC and FELASA.


Assuntos
Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter , Animais , Animais de Laboratório , Brasil , DNA Bacteriano , Helicobacter/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Helicobacter/diagnóstico , Infecções por Helicobacter/veterinária , Camundongos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Universidades
18.
J Bus Contin Emer Plan ; 14(1): 75-81, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32847656

RESUMO

Teaching university students and employees how to react during a damaging earthquake can save lives and prevent injuries. Most earthquakes are over in less than a minute, but the real work of emergency managers begins once everyone climbs out from under their safe place and checks for damage to bodies, buildings and infrastructure. Business recovery and academic continuity can take years. Supplementing uniformed responders with trained employee volunteers can make a huge difference toward recovering quickly. Universities are generally not charged with the role of providing public safety in the same way that government is, so they must train and exercise regularly to get faculty, staff, administrators and even some students to transition quickly during crisis to new responsibilities within an incident command system (ICS) command post or emergency operations centre. During an area-wide emergency like an earthquake, a university campus must be able to run a significant part of its response and recovery efforts on its own, as governments and other institutions around them around will be doing the same - and competing for similar resources. This paper will discuss the advantages and outcomes of providing emergency response training to civilian employees and students, empowering them to become first responders, recovery workers and incident managers to supplement the few professionals paid to fulfil those roles on a full-time basis.


Assuntos
Planejamento em Desastres , Terremotos , Socorristas , Emergências , Humanos , Estudantes , Universidades
20.
Prev Chronic Dis ; 17: E81, 2020 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32790607

RESUMO

The Student Response Team at the University of Nebraska Medical Center answered the statewide call to assist local health departments during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. As a voluntary student-led effort, the SRT assisted health departments to conduct contact tracing, monitor social media, and educate the public. Their experience demonstrates how students can increase the public health surge capacity of local health departments while gaining applied experience during public health emergencies. This call-to-action commentary proposes that SRTs should be formed, trained, and deployed through academic institutions across the nation and the globe, during and beyond the current pandemic.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Pandemias , Saúde Pública , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Universidades/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Humanos , Nebraska/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral , Mídias Sociais
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