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Acad Med ; 95(2): 207-212, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577587


Centers and institutes are created to support interdisciplinary collaboration. However, all centers and institutes face the challenge of how best to evaluate their impact since traditional counts of productivity may not fully capture the interdisciplinary nature of this work. The authors applied techniques from social network analysis (SNA) to evaluate the impact of a center for interprofessional education (IPE), a growing area for centers because of the global emphasis on IPE.The authors created networks based on the connections between faculty involved in programs supported by an IPE center at Virginia Commonwealth University from 2014 to 2017. They used mathematical techniques to describe these networks and the change in the networks over time. The results of these analyses demonstrated that, while the number of programs and involved faculty grew, the faculty maintained a similar amount of connection between members. Additional faculty clusters emerged, and certain key faculty were important connectors between clusters. The analysis also confirmed the interprofessional nature of faculty collaboration within the network.SNA added important evaluation data beyond typical metrics such as counts of learners or faculty. This approach demonstrated how a center was evolving and what strategies might be needed to support further growth. With further development of benchmarks, SNA could be used to evaluate the effectiveness of centers and institutes relative to each other. SNA should guide strategic decisions about the future of centers and institutes as they strive to meet their overarching goal of tackling a social challenge through interdisciplinary collaboration.

Rede Social , Universidades/organização & administração , Comportamento Cooperativo , Humanos , Relações Interprofissionais , Modelos Teóricos , Virginia
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 54: e03556, 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1091975


Abstract Objective: Understand limitations and possibilities in university management performed by nursing managers of the undergraduate nursing course of a public university. Method: A qualitative study with theoretical and methodological framework anchored in the Grounded Theory. Data collection took place between May and September 2016, and the studied scenario was the Nursing Department of a public university in southern Brazil. Results: The entrepreneurial profile and the leadership in interpersonal relations were highlighted among the possibilities, in addition to the co-responsibility in raising public resources to solve the university educational demands; as limitations, the scarcity of financial resources and the high demand for bureaucratic activities which have repercussions on the slowness of university public management processes. Conclusion: The nursing manager experiences limitations through their actions and interactions with people, and recognizes possibilities in the structure and processes of coordinating issues of collective interest in the university educational context.

Resumen Objetivo: Comprender los límites y posibilidades en la gestión universitaria realizada por enfermeros gestores de la carrera de licenciado en enfermería de una universidad pública. Método: Investigación cualitativa, con marco de referencia teórico metodológico anclado en la Teoría Fundamentada en los Datos. La recolección de datos ocurrió entre mayo y septiembre de 2016, y el escenario estudiado fue el Departamento de Enfermería de una universidad pública de la región Sur de Brasil. Resultados: Entre las posibilidades, se destacaron el perfil emprendedor y el liderazgo en las relaciones interpersonales, además de la corresponsabilización en la captación de recursos públicos para resolución de las demandas educativas universitarias; como límites, la escasez de recursos financieros y la elevada demanda de actividades burocráticas que repercuten en morosidad de los procesos de gestión pública universitaria. Conclusión: El enfermero gestor, mediante sus acciones e interacciones con las personas, enfrenta límites y reconoce posibilidades en la estructura y los procesos de la coordinación de temas de interés colectivo en el marco educativo universitario.

Resumo Objetivo: Compreender limites e possibilidades na gestão universitária realizada por enfermeiros gestores do curso de graduação em enfermagem de uma universidade pública. Método: Pesquisa qualitativa, com referencial teórico-metodológico ancorado na Teoria Fundamentada nos Dados. A coleta de dados ocorreu entre maio e setembro de 2016, e o cenário estudado foi o Departamento de Enfermagem de uma universidade pública da região Sul do Brasil. Resultados: Dentre as possibilidades, destacaram-se o perfil empreendedor e a liderança nas relações interpessoais, além da corresponsabilização na captação de recursos públicos para resolução das demandas educacionais universitárias; como limites, a escassez de recursos financeiros e a elevada demanda de atividades burocráticas que repercutem em morosidade dos processos de gestão pública universitária. Conclusão: O enfermeiro gestor, por meio das suas ações e interações com as pessoas, vivencia limites e reconhece possibilidades na estrutura e nos processos da coordenação de assuntos de interesse coletivo no contexto educacional universitário.

Humanos , Universidades/organização & administração , Educação em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Docentes de Enfermagem , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Teoria Fundamentada
Psychiatr Hung ; 35(1): 46-57, 2020.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854322


The authors summarize the last 10 years of an ongoing collaborative study between the Universities of Szeged and Pittsburgh on early onset major depression. First, the "Risk factors of childhood depression" grant is presented briefly as an initial research study in which the subjects of the current studies were recruited. This is a prominently large clinical sample in the field of child psychiatry even on an international level. In addition to the follow-up of the prognosis of the disorder, recent studies continue to explore the early onset depression in two directions. On the one hand, two studies investigate the role of biobehavioral inflexibility markers in the development of major depression ("Biobehavioral inflexibility and risk for juvenile-onset depression" and "Biobehavioral inflexibility and risk for juvenile-onset depression - renewal grant"). On the other hand, the authors would like to have a better understanding of the possible relationship between the major depression and cardiovascular diseases ("Pediatric depression and subsequent cardiac risk factors: a longitudinal study"). The most significant aims of the three studies will be demonstrated, as well as how the studies were prepared and organized along with the already existing experience concerning research management and involvement of new collaborating partners and experts.

Pesquisa Biomédica/economia , Depressão , Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Organização do Financiamento/tendências , Pesquisa Biomédica/organização & administração , Criança , Depressão/etiologia , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/etiologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Fatores de Risco , Universidades/organização & administração
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 785, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675956


BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest in and demands for partnerships between academia and healthcare practices. Few empirical studies have described the influence of such partnerships from a practice perspective. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of a reform launched to increase integration between primary care and academia and to identify potential reasons for why the observed impact occurred in three areas targeted by the reform: research, student education, and continued professional development. METHODS: The study was conducted in Stockholm County, the largest healthcare region in Sweden, at the introduction of a partnership between primary care and academia, including eight coordinating centres and approximately 500 surrounding primary care units. A programme theory-based qualitative approach to evaluation was used, building on document analysis, and in-depth interviews with the centre managers (n = 6) and coordinators (n = 8) conducted 42-66 months after the initiation of the reform. RESULTS: The analysis showed that the reform had some impact on all three areas targeted by the reform: research, student education, and continued professional development. The input that contributed most extensively to the impact was the establishment of facilitating roles. Most changes occurred at the coordinating centres and primarily in the area of student education. The effect on student education was primarily due to having prior experience in this area and perceptions of timely benefits of students to care practice. CONCLUSIONS: Partnerships between primary care and academia hold the potential of practice impact. To increase integration between primary care and academia, the components of the integration must be understandable and relevant for primary care practitioners, and importantly, compliant with delivery of primary care.

Reforma dos Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração , Relações Interinstitucionais , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Universidades/organização & administração , Humanos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Suécia
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618824


Universities may be well poised to support knowledge, skill, and capacity-building efforts to foster the development of multi-level interventions to address complex problems. Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) engaged organizations interested in developing policy- and systems-level initiatives to address the drivers of precarious work in a six-meeting Action Learning (AL) process, in which the researchers served as technical assistance (TA) providers focused on facilitating learning and promoting critical thinking among participants. This exploratory qualitative study examined the role, facilitators, challenges, and impacts of university facilitation in this context. A total of 22 individuals participated in this study, including UIC TA providers, content expert TA providers from labor-focused organizations, and TA recipients from health-focused organizations. Results from interviews and a focus group highlight the utility of a university connecting organizations from different disciplines that do not traditionally work together, and suggest that the TA provided by UIC helped participants think concretely about precarious work and ways in which their organizations might work collaboratively to bring about sustainable change. Findings from this study suggest that university facilitation using an AL approach may be effective in increasing knowledge to action.

Fortalecimento Institucional , Universidades/organização & administração , Chicago
Mol Biol (Mosk) ; 53(5): 707-710, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661472


This special issue of the journal is dedicated to the tenth anniversary of the Department of Immunology, Faculty of Biology, Moscow State University and describes some of the results of its work. Most of the materials were prepared by young graduates and post-graduate students of the department.

Alergia e Imunologia/história , Alergia e Imunologia/organização & administração , Universidades/organização & administração , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , Disciplinas das Ciências Biológicas/história , Disciplinas das Ciências Biológicas/organização & administração , História do Século XXI , Moscou , Universidades/história
Br J Nurs ; 28(17): 1124-1128, 2019 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556740


Coaching is an intervention that facilitates another person's learning, development and performance. Applied to student nurse practice placement learning, coaching has the potential to boost leadership learning that is student led, less focused on following the directions of a mentor and more focused on students taking responsibility for identifying their learning goals and objectives. This article gives personal perspectives about how a collaboration between four Greater Manchester (GM) universities and their partner practice organisations developed, implemented and evaluated a coaching approach to student nurse clinical leadership development and peer learning, while increasing practice placement capacity-the GM Synergy model. Perspectives are given on setting up a project team, testing the model before implementation and developing a robust evaluation framework. Coaching as a model for student support and clinical leadership development is in line with the Nursing and Midwifery Council's Future Nurse: Standards of Proficiency for Registered Nurses document, with the practice supervisor role complementing the role of the coach in clinical practice.

Bacharelado em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Liderança , Aprendizagem , Tutoria/organização & administração , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Inglaterra , Humanos , Relações Interinstitucionais , Modelos Educacionais , Pesquisa em Educação de Enfermagem , Pesquisa em Avaliação de Enfermagem , Universidades/organização & administração