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1.
Microbiology (Reading) ; 165(4): 396-410, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30806615

RESUMO

Arginase is the only fungal ureohydrolase that is well documented in the literature. More recently, a novel route for agmatine catabolism in Aspergillus niger involving another ureohydrolase, 4-guanidinobutyrase (GBase), was reported. We present here a detailed characterization of A. niger GBase - the first fungal (and eukaryotic) enzyme to be studied in detail. A. niger GBase is a homohexamer with a native molecular weight of 336 kDa and an optimal pH of 7.5. Unlike arginase, the Mn2+ enzyme from the same fungus, purified GBase protein is associated with Zn2+ ions. A sensitive fluorescence assay was used to determine its kinetic parameters. GBase acted 25 times more efficiently on 4-guanidinobutyrate (GB) than 3-guanidinopropionic acid (GP). The Km for GB was 2.7±0.4 mM, whereas for GP it was 53.7±0.8 mM. While GB was an efficient nitrogen source, A. niger grew very poorly on GP. Constitutive expression of GBase favoured fungal growth on GP, indicating that GP catabolism is limited by intracellular GBase levels in A. niger. The absence of a specific GPase and the inability of GP to induce GBase expression confine the fungal growth on GP. That GP is a poor substrate for GBase and a very poor nitrogen source for A. niger offers an opportunity to select GBase specificity mutations. Further, it is now possible to compare two distinct ureohydrolases, namely arginase and GBase, from the same organism.


Assuntos
Aspergillus niger/enzimologia , Butiratos/metabolismo , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Guanidinas/metabolismo , Ureo-Hidrolases/metabolismo , Agmatina/metabolismo , Arginase/metabolismo , Aspergillus niger/genética , Aspergillus niger/metabolismo , Cátions/química , Meios de Cultura/química , Proteínas Fúngicas/química , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Expressão Gênica , Cinética , Peso Molecular , Mutação , Propionatos/metabolismo , Multimerização Proteica , Especificidade por Substrato , Ureo-Hidrolases/antagonistas & inibidores , Ureo-Hidrolases/química , Ureo-Hidrolases/genética
2.
Sci Rep ; 6: 23783, 2016 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27032691

RESUMO

In this study, three typical members representative of different arginine metabolic pathways were firstly identified from Apostichopus japonicus, including nitric oxide synthase (NOS), arginase, and agmatinase. Spatial expression analysis revealed that the AjNOS transcript presented negative expression patterns relative to those of Ajarginase or Ajagmatinase in most detected tissues. Furthermore, Vibrio splendidus-challenged coelomocytes and intestine, and LPS-exposed primary coelomocytes could significantly induce AjNOS expression, followed by obviously inhibited Arginase and AjAgmatinase transcripts at the most detected time points. Silencing the three members with two specific siRNAs in vivo and in vitro collectively indicated that AjNOS not only compete with Ajarginase but also with Ajagmatinase in arginine metabolism. Interestingly, Ajarginase and Ajagmatinase displayed cooperative expression profiles in arginine utilization. More importantly, live pathogens of V. splendidus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus co-incubated with primary cells also induced NO production and suppressed arginase activity in a time-dependent at an appropriate multiplicity of infection (MOI) of 10, without non-pathogen Escherichia coli. When increasing the pathogen dose (MOI = 100), arginase activity was significantly elevated, and NO production was depressed, with a larger magnitude in V. splendidus co-incubation. The present study expands our understanding of the connection between arginine's metabolic and immune responses in non-model invertebrates.


Assuntos
Arginase/metabolismo , Arginina/metabolismo , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Óxido Nítrico Sintase/metabolismo , Pepinos-do-Mar/imunologia , Ureo-Hidrolases/metabolismo , Vibrio/fisiologia , Animais , Arginase/antagonistas & inibidores , Arginase/genética , DNA Complementar/genética , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Imunidade Inata , Intestinos/microbiologia , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Óxido Nítrico Sintase/antagonistas & inibidores , Óxido Nítrico Sintase/genética , Fagócitos/enzimologia , Fagócitos/microbiologia , Interferência de RNA , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Distribuição Aleatória , Pepinos-do-Mar/genética , Pepinos-do-Mar/metabolismo , Pepinos-do-Mar/microbiologia , Ureo-Hidrolases/antagonistas & inibidores , Ureo-Hidrolases/genética , Vibrio parahaemolyticus/fisiologia
3.
Behav Pharmacol ; 25(2): 158-65, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24557322

RESUMO

We investigated whether pretreatment with the neurotransmitter/neuromodulator agmatine (decarboxylated L-arginine) affected methamphetamine (METH)-induced hyperlocomotion and stereotypy in male ICR mice. Agmatine pretreatment alone had no effects on locomotion or stereotypy, but it produced a dose-dependent attenuation of locomotion and the total incidence of stereotyped behavior induced by a low dose of METH (5 mg/kg). The stereotypy induced by this dose was predominantly characterized by stereotyped sniffing. By contrast, agmatine did not affect the total incidence of stereotypy induced by a higher dose of METH (10 mg/kg). However, the nature of stereotypy induced by this dose of METH was substantially altered; agmatine pretreatment significantly reduced stereotyped biting but significantly increased stereotyped sniffing and persistent locomotion. Agmatine pretreatment therefore appears to produce a rightward shift in the dose-response curve for METH. Pretreatment of mice with piperazine-1-carboxamidine (a putative agmatinase inhibitor) had no effect on locomotion or stereotypy induced by a low dose of METH, suggesting that endogenous agmatine may not regulate the METH action.


Assuntos
Agmatina/farmacologia , Estimulantes do Sistema Nervoso Central/efeitos adversos , Metanfetamina/efeitos adversos , Neurotransmissores/farmacologia , Agitação Psicomotora/tratamento farmacológico , Comportamento Estereotipado/efeitos dos fármacos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Anfetaminas/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Guanidinas/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Piperazinas/farmacologia , Agitação Psicomotora/etiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Ureo-Hidrolases/antagonistas & inibidores
4.
Exp Parasitol ; 134(1): 1-6, 2013 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23376286

RESUMO

Sarcosine (N-methylglycine) is an intermediate in glycine degradation and can also be synthesised from glycine in mammals. Sarcosine metabolism in Haemonchus contortus and Teladorsagia circumcincta differed from that of mammals in that creatinase activity was present and sarcosine was demethylated only by sarcosine oxidase (SOX) and not by sarcosine dehydrogenase (SDH). The mean SOX activity was 30 nmolmin(-1)mg(-1) protein in homogenates of L3 and adult worms of both parasites and the apparent Km for sarcosine was 1.1 mM. Addition of 2 mM Cd(2+) inhibited activity by 30%. There was no SDH activity with either NAD(+) or NADP(+) as co-factor. Mean creatinase activity in L3 T. circumcincta and adult worms of both species was 31±6 nmolmin(-1)mg(-1) protein, but was undetectable in L3 H. contortus. Activity was inhibited by up to 70% by Cu(2+), Fe(2+), Fe(3+) and Zn(2+). Possessing creatinase would allow host creatine to be incorporated into amino acids by the parasites.


Assuntos
Haemonchus/metabolismo , Sarcosina Oxidase/metabolismo , Sarcosina/metabolismo , Trichostrongyloidea/metabolismo , Ureo-Hidrolases/metabolismo , Abomaso/parasitologia , Animais , Cádmio/farmacologia , Fezes/parasitologia , Hemoncose/parasitologia , Hemoncose/veterinária , Haemonchus/enzimologia , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Larva/enzimologia , Larva/metabolismo , Masculino , Sarcosina Desidrogenase/antagonistas & inibidores , Sarcosina Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Sarcosina Oxidase/antagonistas & inibidores , Ovinos , Doenças dos Ovinos/parasitologia , Trichostrongyloidea/enzimologia , Tricostrongiloidíase/parasitologia , Tricostrongiloidíase/veterinária , Ureo-Hidrolases/antagonistas & inibidores
5.
Neurotox Res ; 24(2): 176-90, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23334804

RESUMO

Agmatine is an endogenous brain metabolite, decarboxylated arginine, which has neuroprotective properties when injected intraperitoneally (i.p.) into rat pups following hypoxic-ischemia. A previous screen for compounds based on rat brain lysates containing agmatinase with assistance from computational chemistry, led to piperazine-1-carboxamidine as a putative agmatinase inhibitor. Herein, the neuroprotective properties of piperazine-1-carboxamidine are described both in vitro and in vivo. Organotypic entorhinal-hippocampal slices were firstly prepared from 7-day-old rat pups and exposed in vitro to atmospheric oxygen depletion for 3 h. Upon reoxygenation, the slices were treated with piperazine-1-carboxamidine or agmatine (50 µg/ml agents), or saline, and 15 h later propidium iodine was used to stain. Piperazine-1-carboxamidine or agmatine produced substantial in vitro protection compared to post-reoxygenated saline-treated controls. An in vivo model involved surgical right carotid ligation followed by exposure to hypoxic-ischemia (8 % oxygen) for 2.5 h. Piperazine-1-carboxamidine at 50 mg/kg i.p. was given 15 min post-reoxygenation and continued twice daily for 3 days. Cortical agmatine levels were elevated (+28.5 %) following piperazine-1-carboxamidine treatment with no change in arginine or its other major metabolites. Histologic staining with anti-Neun monoclonal antibody also revealed neuroprotection of CA1-3 layers of the hippocampus. Until endpoint at 22 days of age, no adverse events were observed in treated pups' body weights, rectal temperatures, or prompted ambulation. Piperazine-1-carboxamidine therefore appears to be a neuroprotective agent of a new category, agmatinase inhibitor.


Assuntos
Guanidinas/farmacologia , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/enzimologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Piperazinas/farmacologia , Ureo-Hidrolases/antagonistas & inibidores , Ureo-Hidrolases/metabolismo , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Cristalografia por Raios X , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/uso terapêutico , Guanidinas/química , Guanidinas/uso terapêutico , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipocampo/enzimologia , Hipocampo/patologia , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/patologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Técnicas de Cultura de Órgãos , Piperazinas/química , Piperazinas/uso terapêutico , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
6.
Plant Physiol ; 146(2): 418-30, 2008 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18065556

RESUMO

Allantoate amidohydrolases (AAHs) hydrolize the ureide allantoate to ureidoglycolate, CO(2), and two molecules of ammonium. Allantoate degradation is required to recycle purine-ring nitrogen in all plants. Tropical legumes additionally transport fixed nitrogen via allantoin and allantoate into the shoot, where it serves as a general nitrogen source. AAHs from Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana; AtAAH) and from soybean (Glycine max; GmAAH) were cloned, expressed in planta as StrepII-tagged variants, and highly purified from leaf extracts. Both proteins form homodimers and release 2 mol ammonium/mol allantoate. Therefore, they can truly be classified as AAHs. The kinetic constants determined and the half-maximal activation by 2 to 3 microm manganese are consistent with allantoate being the in vivo substrate of manganese-loaded AAHs. The enzymes were strongly inhibited by micromolar concentrations of fluoride as well as by borate, and by millimolar concentrations of L-asparagine and L-aspartate but not D-asparagine. L-Asparagine likely functions as competitive inhibitor. An Ataah T-DNA mutant, unable to grow on allantoin as sole nitrogen source, is rescued by the expression of StrepII-tagged variants of AtAAH and GmAAH, demonstrating that both proteins are functional in vivo. Similarly, an allantoinase (aln) mutant is rescued by a tagged AtAln variant. Fluorescent fusion proteins of allantoinase and both AAHs localize to the endoplasmic reticulum after transient expression and in transgenic plants. These findings demonstrate that after the generation of allantoin in the peroxisome, plant purine degradation continues in the endoplasmic reticulum.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis/enzimologia , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Soja/enzimologia , Ureo-Hidrolases/metabolismo , Amidoidrolases/genética , Amidoidrolases/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/fisiologia , Teste de Complementação Genética , Cinética , Metais , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Mutação , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Transporte Proteico , Ureo-Hidrolases/antagonistas & inibidores , Ureo-Hidrolases/genética
7.
CNS Drugs ; 21(11): 885-900, 2007.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17927294

RESUMO

Agmatine is an endogenous neuromodulator that, based on animal studies, has the potential for new drug development. As an endogenous aminoguanidine compound (1-amino-4-guanidinobutane), it is structurally unique compared with other monoamines. Agmatine was long thought to be synthesised only in lower life forms, until its biosynthetic pathway (decarboxylation of arginine) was described in the mammalian brain in 1994. Human arginine decarboxylase has been cloned and shown to have 48% identity to ornithine decarboxylase. In neurons of the brain and spinal cord, agmatine is packaged into synaptic vesicles and released upon neuronal depolarisation. Other evidence of a neuromodulation role for agmatine is the presence of a specific cellular uptake mechanism and a specific metabolic enzyme (agmatinase; which forms putrescine).Initially, agmatine was conceptualised as an endogenous clonidine-displacing substance of imidazoline receptors; however, it has now been established to have affinity for several transmembrane receptors, such as alpha(2)-adrenergic, imidazoline I(1) and glutamatergic NMDA receptors. In addition to activity at these receptors, agmatine irreversibly inhibits neuronal nitric oxide synthase and downregulates inducible nitric oxide synthase. Endogenous agmatine is induced in response to stress and/or inflammation. Stressful conditions that induce agmatine include hypoxic-ischaemia and cold-restraint stress of ulcerogenic proportion. Induction of agmatine in the brain seems to occur in astrocytes, although neurons also synthesise agmatine. The effects of injected agmatine in animals include anticonvulsant-, antineurotoxic- and antidepressant-like actions. Intraperitoneal or intracerebroventricular injections of agmatine rapidly elicit antidepressant-like behavioural changes in the rodent forced swim test and tail suspension test. Intraperitoneal injections of agmatine into rats and mice also elicit acute anxiolytic-like behavioural changes in the elevated plus-maze stress test. In an animal model of acute stress disorder, intraperitoneal agmatine injections diminish contextual fear learning. Furthermore, intraperitoneal injections of agmatine reduce alcohol and opioid dependence by diminishing behaviour in a rat conditioned place preference paradigm. Based on these findings, agmatine appears to be an endogenous neuromodulator of mental stress. The possible roles and/or beneficial effects of agmatine in stress-related disorders, such as depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder, merit further investigation.


Assuntos
Agmatina/metabolismo , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Agmatina/farmacologia , Agmatina/uso terapêutico , Animais , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Fármacos do Sistema Nervoso Central/metabolismo , Fármacos do Sistema Nervoso Central/farmacologia , Fármacos do Sistema Nervoso Central/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/tratamento farmacológico , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Transmissão Sináptica/efeitos dos fármacos , Ureo-Hidrolases/antagonistas & inibidores , Ureo-Hidrolases/metabolismo
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15627697

RESUMO

Allantoate degradation was demonstrated in the extracts of ungerminated seeds and roots, stems and leaves in germinated seedlings of French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Activity of allantoate-degrading enzyme could only be measured when phenylhydrazine was included in the assay mixture. Partial purification of allantoate-degrading enzyme from seedlings was performed and two fractions with allantoate-degrading enzyme activity were obtained. The molecular mass of the first fraction was over 200 kD and that of the second one was 13.5 kD. The allantoate-degrading enzyme with small molecular weight contained no activity of either ureidoglycolate-degrading enzyme or urease. From the stoichiometry of the reaction catalyzed by the allantoate-degrading enzyme with small molecular weight it followed that the enzyme was allantoate amidohydrolase (EC 3.5.3.9). The optimal pH for the allantoate amidohydrolase was 8.5. Mn(2+) ions were essential for enzymatic activity. Glyoxylate and glycolate strongly inhibited the enzyme activity. The lysine and tryptophan residues were essential to the enzymatic catalysis; thiol group and tyrosyl residues were not involved in the enzyme catalysis.


Assuntos
Phaseolus/enzimologia , Plântula/enzimologia , Ureo-Hidrolases/metabolismo , Catálise , Ureo-Hidrolases/antagonistas & inibidores , Ureo-Hidrolases/isolamento & purificação
9.
Ann N Y Acad Sci ; 1009: 52-63, 2003 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15028570

RESUMO

To identify a selective inhibitor of mammalian agmatinase, screening was performed on four analogues of agmatine with modifications directly to the guanidine group, six analogues with modifications to the carbon-amine chain, and one analogue with modifications at both ends of the molecule. Control compounds were aminoguanidine and 7-nitroindazole, known inhibitors of the three isoforms (i, e, n) of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), and arcaine, a known inhibitor of the glutamate NMDA receptor. These compounds were compared for inhibition of rat agmatinase and arginine decarboxylase (ADC) activities. Results were studied by ab initio Hartee-Fock descriptors based on optimized geometries and van der Waals radii. Linear correlations were obtained using various geometric and electronic descriptors of the carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and hydrogen (H) atoms in the guanidine moiety. The best fit equation for percent activity remaining of rat agmatinase was = 0.3225 D + 72.76 D1916 + 64.97 D1920 - 192.58 H21 - 253.09 (r = 0.89), where D is the calculated dipole moment, D1916 and D1920 are the N19-N16 and N19-N20 distances, respectively, and H21 is the charge on H21. This agmatinase equation is distinct from the equations fit for ADC, the three NOS isoforms, and inhibition of NMDA receptor binding.


Assuntos
Agmatina/química , Agmatina/metabolismo , Encéfalo/enzimologia , Guanidinas/química , Ureo-Hidrolases/antagonistas & inibidores , Ureo-Hidrolases/metabolismo , Animais , Carboxiliases/antagonistas & inibidores , Carboxiliases/metabolismo , Maleato de Dizocilpina/metabolismo , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/metabolismo , Antagonistas de Aminoácidos Excitatórios/metabolismo , Isoenzimas/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico Sintase/antagonistas & inibidores , Óxido Nítrico Sintase/metabolismo , Relação Quantitativa Estrutura-Atividade , Ratos , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/metabolismo , Análise de Regressão
10.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 264(1): 196-200, 1999 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-10527864

RESUMO

Agmatinase (agmatine ureohydrolase, EC 3.5.3.11) from Escherichia coli was inactivated by diethyl pyrocarbonate (DEPC) and illumination in the presence of Rose bengal. Protection against photoinactivation was afforded by the product putrescine, and the dissociation constant of the enzyme-protector complex (12 mM) was essentially equal to the K(i) value for this compound acting as a competitive inhibitor of agmatine hydrolysis. Upon mutation of His163 by phenylalanine, the agmatinase activity was reduced to 3-5% of wild-type activity, without any change in K(m) for agmatine or K(i) for putrescine inhibition. The mutant was insensitive to DEPC and dye-sensitized inactivations. We conclude that His163 plays an important role in the catalytic function of agmatinase, but it is not directly involved in substrate binding.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli/enzimologia , Histidina/metabolismo , Ureo-Hidrolases/metabolismo , Catálise , Dietil Pirocarbonato/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Escherichia coli/genética , Cinética , Mutagênese Sítio-Dirigida , Rosa Bengala/metabolismo , Especificidade por Substrato , Ureo-Hidrolases/antagonistas & inibidores , Ureo-Hidrolases/genética
11.
J Mol Biol ; 214(2): 597-610, 1990 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-1696320

RESUMO

Crystal structures of the enzyme creatine amidinohydrolase (creatinase, EC 3.5.3.3) with two different inhibitors, the reaction product sarcosine and the substrate creatine, bound have been analyzed by X-ray diffraction methods. With the inhibitor carbamoyl sarcosine, two different crystal forms at different pH values have been determined. An enzymatic mechanism is proposed on the basis of the eight structures analyzed. The enzyme binds substrate and inhibitor in a distorted geometry where the urea resonance is broken. His232 is the general base and acid, and acts as a proton shuttle. It withdraws a proton from water 377 and donates it to the N(3) atom of the guanidinium group. OH- 377 adds to the C(1) atom of the guanidinium group to form a urea hydrate. Proton withdrawal by His232 leads to products. The reaction product sarcosine binds to the active site in a reverse orientation. The free enzyme was found to have a bicarbonate bound to the active site.


Assuntos
Ureo-Hidrolases/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação , Fenômenos Químicos , Físico-Química , Creatina/metabolismo , Análise de Fourier , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Estrutura Molecular , Conformação Proteica , Sarcosina/metabolismo , Ureo-Hidrolases/antagonistas & inibidores , Difração de Raios X
12.
J Bacteriol ; 165(3): 843-8, 1986 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-3081491

RESUMO

The putrescine biosynthetic enzyme agmatine ureohydrolase (AUH) (EC 3.5.3.11) catalyzes the conversion of agmatine to putrescine in Escherichia coli. AUH was purified approximately 1,600-fold from an E. coli strain transformed with the plasmid pKA5 bearing the speB gene encoding the enzyme. The purification procedure included ammonium sulfate precipitation, heat treatment, and DEAE-sephacel column chromatography. The molecular mass of nondenatured AUH is approximately 80,000 daltons as determined by gel-sieving column chromatography, while on denaturing polyacrylamide gels, the molecular mass is approximately 38,000 daltons; thus, native AUH is most likely a dimer. A radiolabeled protein extracted from minicells carrying the pKA5 plasmid comigrated with the purified AUH in both sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide and native polyacrylamide gels. The pI of purified AUH is between 8.2 and 8.4, as determined by either chromatofocusing or isoelectric focusing. The Km of purified AUH for agmatine is 1.2 mM; the pH optimum is 7.3. Neither the numerous ions and nucleotides tested nor polyamines affected AUH activity in vitro. EDTA and EGTA [ethylene glycol-bis (beta-aminoethyl ether)-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid] at 1 mM inactivated AUH activity by 53 and 74%, respectively; none of numerous divalent cations tested restored AUH activity. Ornithine inhibited AUH activity noncompetitively (Ki = 6 X 10(-3) M), while arginine inhibited AUH activity competitively (Ki = 9 X 10(-3) M).


Assuntos
Escherichia coli/enzimologia , Putrescina/biossíntese , Ureo-Hidrolases/isolamento & purificação , Agmatina/metabolismo , Arginina/farmacologia , Ácido Edético/farmacologia , Ácido Egtázico/farmacologia , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Ponto Isoelétrico , Cinética , Metais/farmacologia , Peso Molecular , Nucleotídeos/farmacologia , Ornitina/farmacologia , Poliaminas/farmacologia , Temperatura , Ureo-Hidrolases/antagonistas & inibidores , Ureo-Hidrolases/metabolismo
13.
Biokhimiia ; 45(2): 371-5, 1980 Feb.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-7388074

RESUMO

A correlation between the distribution of chemical compounds in the water-non-polar solvent system and their inhibiting effect on bacterial agmatinase has been established. The correlation equation appears as lg(1/Ki)=algp0+C. The value of C is constant for homologous inhibitors but shows considerable variations upon a transition from the homologous row of alcohols to monoamines, diamines and guanidine alcanes. It is assumed that the value of C reflects the electrostatic interactions between the enzyme and ligand. Alternatively this value can be regarded as a factor of the ligand fitness into the enzyme active center. The correlation equations obtained for different homologous sequences allow to predict the inhibiting effect of still unknown homologues.


Assuntos
Bactérias/enzimologia , Ureo-Hidrolases/antagonistas & inibidores , Álcoois/farmacologia , Aminas/farmacologia , Diaminas/farmacologia , Cinética , Ligantes , Ligação Proteica , Solventes , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Água
14.
Biokhimiia ; 43(4): 609-13, 1978.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-656492

RESUMO

Aliphatic alcohols inhibit the activity of bacterial agmatinase (E. C. 3.5.3.11). A correlation is demonstrated between the inhibition constant and the length of alcohol carbohydrate radical, and the presence of polar groups has decreased the inhibitory effect. The importance of hydrophobic interactions in the formation of agmatinase-substrate and agmatinase-inhibitor complexes is suggested. The increment of free binding energy within the homologous alcohol row is practically constant (0.5-0.7 kcal/mole). Comparison of deltaF amines and their respective alcohols makes possible to evaluate the contribution of electrostatic interaction in the formation of the enzyme-inhibitor complex. A correlation is observed between solubility of alcohols and their inhibitory effect.


Assuntos
Álcoois , Ureo-Hidrolases/antagonistas & inibidores , 1-Propanol , Agmatina , Álcoois Benzílicos , Butanóis , Butileno Glicóis , Etanol , Metanol , Pentanóis , Termodinâmica
15.
Biokhimiia ; 42(3): 460-4, 1977 Mar.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-324523

RESUMO

Aliphatic monoamines and some putrescine derivatives (10(-3) M) are found to inhibit agmatinase from Proteus vulgaris. Constants and the type of inhibition are determined. Investigation of the temperature effect on the inhibition has revealed an exotermic character of this process. Some thermodinamic parameters of agmatinase-anylamine binding reaction are calculated. 1-Guanidobutane is obtained by means of 1-amidobutane guanidilation, and it is found to be more efficient inhibitor than monoamines.


Assuntos
Aminas/farmacologia , Proteus vulgaris/enzimologia , Putrescina/análogos & derivados , Ureo-Hidrolases/antagonistas & inibidores , Agmatina , Catálise , Cinética , Putrescina/farmacologia , Temperatura , Termodinâmica
16.
Vopr Med Khim ; 22(6): 804-8, 1976.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17224

RESUMO

Activity of agmatinase (EC 3.5.3.11) from Proteus vulgaris was studied in presence of guanidine derivatives of agmatine as substrates. The guanidine derivatives, containing carboxyl group, did not interact with the enzyme. An inhibitory effect developed if the carboxyl group was esterified. For exhibition of the effect the length of hydrocarbon radical in ligand and presence of hydrophobic groups were important. One of the most effective inhibitor was N-isoamylene agmatine (K1=0.001 M). Compounds, containing an amino- or guanidine group at the position opposite to the guanidine end and possessing the hydrocarbon chain not less that C4 were shown to be substrates of agmatinase.


Assuntos
Guanidinas/farmacologia , Proteus vulgaris/enzimologia , Ureo-Hidrolases/antagonistas & inibidores , Agmatina/análogos & derivados , Agmatina/farmacologia , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Hidrólise
17.
Biokhimiia ; 41(3): 553-6, 1976 Mar.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-776236

RESUMO

About 10 amino derivatives, capable to inhibit agmatinase of Proteus vulgaris, are found. Hexamethylenediamine was found to possess the highest inhibitory effect among diamines, the inhibitory constant being 2.5 mM. The substitution of an amino group for methyl one in a diamine increased its inhibitory effect. The presence of carboxyl group in the molecule of a reagent resulted in a complete elimination of the inhibitory effect (putrescine-ornithine and cadaverine-lysine pairs were tested). The degree of inhibition was found to be pH-dependent. A supposition is made on hydrophobic character of substrate binding by the enzyme.


Assuntos
Proteus vulgaris/enzimologia , Putrescina , Ureo-Hidrolases/antagonistas & inibidores , Putrescina/análogos & derivados
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