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J Urol ; 209(2): 451-452, 2023 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36621990
JAMA Netw Open ; 6(1): e2250974, 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662528


Importance: Preference signals were to be implemented in over 15 specialties during the 2022-2023 residency match. Analyzing results from the implementation of signals during the American Urological Association (AUA) urology match may inform future behavior. Objective: To characterize applicant and program signal usage and results in the Society of Academic Urology and AUA databases with respect to interview invites and rank list creation. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study involved all applicants and residencies in the 2021-2022 AUA match with data analysis conducted in April through July 2022. Exposures: Five signals indicating interest. Main Outcomes and Measures: Using verified match and survey data reported by applicants and programs, a logistic regression was performed on applicant factors associated with obtaining an interview-the main outcome (using inclusion on rank list as a proxy): age, gender, degree (MD or DO), dispersal of signal, US senior status, racial minority group status, Latino ethnicity, international medical graduate status, presence of a home program, AUA geographic section, and US Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 score. Applicant signal dispersal strategies were stratified by applicant and program competitiveness, as well as program behavior upon receipt of signal with respect to extending interviews and rank list ordering of applicants. Results: A total of 2659 signals were sent by 553 candidates (mean [SD] age, 27.4 [2.9] years; 179 female [32.4%], 243 racial minority candidates [61.2%]) submitting rank lists for 364 positions at 143 programs. Programs received a median (IQR) of 352 (295-411) applications and were signaled to a median of 16 (8-26) times each. In a logistic regression estimating interview status, geographic proximity (OR, 3.25; 95% CI, 2.05-5.15; P = .001) and signal status (OR, 6.04; 95% CI, 3.50-10.40; P < .001) were associated with receiving an interview. Using multiple imputation by chained equations to impute missing data and broadening the data set, male gender (OR, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.45-0.92; P = .04) and international medical graduate status (OR, 0.35; 95% CI, 0.15-0.81; P = .04) were negative variables, while MD degree (OR, 2.36; 95% CI, 1.27-4.36; P = .02) and US senior status (OR, 1.91; 95% CI, 1.13-3.23; P = .04) were positive variables. Conclusions and Relevance: This study of the usage and trends of the newly added preference signals reported the most common strategies for signal dispersal; in an analysis of factors involved in obtaining an interview, geographic similarity between applicant and program and preference signal usage were associated with successful applications.

Internato e Residência , Urologia , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estados Unidos , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Grupos Minoritários
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0280140, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36649250


AIM: To assess contemporary in-hospital management of octogenarians and nonagenarians with ureteral calculi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Review of patients aged ≥80 years hospitalized due to ureteral calculi. Data was extracted from eight Austrian centers of urology. Stone and patient related data were recorded. Treatment patterns in acute and elective settings were assessed. RESULTS: A total of 759 patients hospitalized with ureteral calculi were analyzed. Out of them, 643 were octogenarians (80-89years) and 116 nonagenarians (90-99 years). In an acute setting, simple de-obstruction with urinary diversions outnumbered active stone treatments like URS and SWL (62.6% vs. 26.9% vs. 10.5%). Decision making whether patients underwent active stone treatment was driven by stone location (OR = 0.28, p<0.0001), impaired renal function (OR = 0.28, p = 0.01) and indwelling urethral catheters (OR = 0.23, p = 0.01) but not by age or extend of mobility (all p>0.05). In elective settings, 81.5% of procedures were active stone treatments-mainly URS (76.9%), while DJ stent or nephrostomy replacements were noted in 14.2% and 4.3%. Octogenarians (OR = 14, p<0.0001) and patients capable of walking (OR = 4.51, p = 0.01) had significantly higher odds of receiving active stone. Stone free rates and complications rates with URS were similar between octogenarians and nonagenarians (p = 0.98 and p = 0.58). CONCLUSION: In acute settings, age and extend of mobility were not found to be independent predictors for active stone treatment. In elective settings, after having received urinary diversions, reduced mobility and nonagenarians were less likely to undergo stone removal treatments. Safety and efficacy of URS seems to be similar in octogenarians and nonagenarians.

Litotripsia , Cálculos Ureterais , Urologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Cálculos Ureterais/terapia , Octogenários , Nonagenários , Áustria , Litotripsia/métodos , Ureteroscopia/métodos , Hospitais , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos
Rev Med Suisse ; 19(N° 809-10): 86-89, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36660844


Over the last year, urologic progress remains driven by evolutions in oncological and functionnal urology. Prostate cancer imaging modalities are improving, as well as treatment options for advanced stages. Kidney and bladder cancer are benefiting from new treatment modalities including immunotherapy, whose role in the peri-operative setting is still unclear. Surveillance startegies for testicular cancer has been greatly simplified, for the benefit of the patients. In functional urology, a new therapeutic class in now available for the treatment of overactive bladder. Mutliples alternatives to transurethral resection are emerging in the surgical treatment of benign prostatic hypertrophy, whose expected benefits will need to be validated by long-term studies.

Les progrès de cette année sont marqués par des avancées en uro-oncologie et urologie fonctionnelle. La prise en charge du cancer de la prostate s'améliore tant dans la qualité de son diagnostic que dans le traitement des stades avancés. Les cancers du rein et de la vessie bénéficient de nouvelles options de traitement incluant l'immunothérapie, qui cherche encore sa place en périopératoire. Quant au cancer des testicules, il a vu sa surveillance grandement simplifiée au bénéfice des patients. En urologie fonctionnelle, une nouvelle classe thérapeutique est désormais disponible pour le traitement de l'hyperactivité vésicale et de multiples alternatives à la résection endoscopique de la prostate émergent dans le traitement chirurgical de l'hypertrophie bénigne de la prostate. Il faudra toutefois valider les avantages espérés par des études à long terme.

Hiperplasia Prostática , Neoplasias da Próstata , Neoplasias Testiculares , Urologia , Masculino , Humanos , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico , Hiperplasia Prostática/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia
Prog Urol ; 33(1): 1-2, 2023 01.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36635023

Urologia , Humanos , Atenção
Urologie ; 62(1): 91, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662245

Urologia , Humanos
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 6(1): 6-11, ene. 30, 2023. ilus, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1413572


Presentación del caso. Paciente masculino de 52 años que se presentó a la consulta de urología con historia de dos años de notar una lesión en el glande y el prepucio, de color rojo brillante, pruriginosa y dolorosa con aumento progresivo del tamaño que no mejoró con tratamientos antibióticos y anti fúngicos. Intervención terapéutica. Se realizó una glandectomía parcial con injerto de piel de muslo. Evolución clínica. Luego de un mes, el injerto presentó un 95 % de acoplamiento. No se observó recurrencia local de cáncer. El estudio histopatológico reportó un carcinoma escamoso invasor en la lesión del prepucio y en la piel del glande, con todos los márgenes quirúrgicos, limites laterales y profundos, negativos a malignidad. Luego de ocho meses posquirúrgicos, se observó el recubrimiento del glande con un adecuado resultado estético, con apariencia similar a la cubierta natural

Case presentation. A A 52-year-old male patient presented to the urology office with a two-year history of noticing a bright red, pruritic, and painful lesion on the glans and foreskin with a progressive increase in size that did not improve with antibiotic and antifungal treatments. Treatment. Partial glandectomy with thigh skin graft was performed. Outcome. After After one month, the graft presented a 95 % of coupling. No local recurrence of cancer was observed. The histopathological study reported invasive squamous cell carcinoma in the lesion of the foreskin and glans skin, with all surgical margins, lateral and deep limits, negative for malignancy. After eight months post-surgery, the covering of the glans was observed with an appropriate esthetic result, with a similar appearance to the natural covering

Pacientes , Urologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Eritroplasia , Ferimentos e Lesões , Transplante de Pele , Prepúcio do Pênis , Neoplasias
Prog Urol ; 33(2): 53-55, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36581505


There are still significant disparities between the sexes even if we are now witnessing a feminization of the urological profession. Women's roles in historically male-dominated services still vary widely based on inherent gender biases. Interventions to minimize the gender gap in urology should not constitute a form of positive discrimination in favor of minorities but on the contrary a form of positive action to eliminate the obstacles present that block the acceptance of women or their promotion. Recognizing the factors responsible for gender disparities remains a key step towards improving equity in still male-dominated fields such as urology.

Urologistas , Urologia , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Fatores Sexuais , Comportamento Sexual
J Urol ; 209(1): 301-302, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36484445

Urologia , Humanos
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36554427


The COVID-19 pandemic had a tremendous impact on healthcare systems around the world. This study aims to research the course of surgical treatment in urology during the pandemic in 2020, evaluate the volume of deferred treatment in urology in Poland, and indicate groups of patients that are especially vulnerable to a delay in the delivery of healthcare services. The National Health Found statistics (NHF) database was searched for information on procedures completed in urology departments from 2015 to 2020. Changes in hospital discharges of adults from 2019 to 2021 were investigated using monthly reports of NHF on patient billing groups. Statistics of PSA, testosterone, and creatinine testing were extracted from NHF reports. Annual changes in the number of surgeries were calculated. Then, the estimation of the expected quantity of procedures without the occurrence of the pandemic was performed using linear regression based on data from 2015 to 2020. The estimation was assumed reliable at R2 > 0.8. The difference between collected and estimated data was analysed. In 2020, the volume of radical prostatectomies, cystectomies, and kidney surgeries noted downturns following lockdowns in March and November. All analysed procedures, except radical cystectomy, noted a reduction in the entire year. The declines reached -34% in shockwave lithotripsy, -13% in ureterorenoscopic lithotripsy, -22% in cystolithotripsy, -28% in percutaneous lithotripsy, -12% in transurethral resection of a bladder tumour (TURBT), -31% in transurethral resection of the prostate, -15% in nephrectomy and kidney tumorectomy, and -10% in radical prostatectomy. Among the analysed procedures, only radical cystectomy rates increased 5%. Prostate-specific antigen and creatinine tests fell -17%, and testosterone testing was down -18%. In conclusion, the patients most vulnerable to delayed treatment due to the post-pandemic backlog are those requiring TURBT, kidney cancer operations, and radical prostatectomies. Solving backlogs in urology should prioritise cancer patients and thus requires improved access to cystoscopy, TURBT, diagnoses and surgery of prostate and kidney tumours. Addressing the needs of patients suffering from benign diseases demands appropriate measures to increase the surgical productivity of urology departments.

COVID-19 , Neoplasias Renais , Ressecção Transuretral da Próstata , Urologia , Masculino , Adulto , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Polônia/epidemiologia , Creatinina , Tempo para o Tratamento , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Testosterona
Br J Nurs ; 31(22): 1136-1142, 2022 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36519475


Nursing research has been developing, particularly over the past 15 years. The role of the clinical research nurse (CRN) is vital because of nurses' high level of patient contact. They are therefore involved in the identification of suitable study participants, initial contacts, enrolment, monitoring and follow-up. The COVID-19 pandemic has emphasised the importance of research to government, the NHS and patients. In this article, the author describes three research studies in which she has taken part and emphasises the importance of research and the role of CRNs in bringing together nursing, medicine and science through the CRN's specialist knowledge and how this particular career choice in nursing is now gaining greater attention and momentum.

COVID-19 , Urologia , Feminino , Humanos , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Pandemias , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pesquisa em Enfermagem Clínica
Arch Ital Urol Androl ; 94(4): 470-475, 2022 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36576473


INTRODUCTION: Male infertility (MI) is one of the most important worrying topics for the fertile age population. Nowadays, several mobile health applications (MHAs) have been developed to help and assist patients suffering from male infertility (MI), but their quality and adherence to the guidelines is not solved issue yet. MATERIALS AND METHODS: On 2nd July 2022, an observational cross-sectional descriptive study of all MHAs on male infertility was conducted: a search on both the iTunes App Store and Google Play Store was performed. Our group reviewed all MHAs, evaluating the quality, using Mobile Application Rating Scale (MARS), and the adherence to European Association of Urology guidelines, with a special tool created for this manuscript. RESULTS: In the final analysis we included 10 MHAs: 20% (n = 2) from the iTunes App Store and 80% (n = 8) from the Google Play Store. Across the sample, 80% (n = 8) of the apps provided general information on MI, 60% (n = 6) focused on diagnosis and 50% (n = 5) focused on treatment options, respectively. According to MARS tool, the mean score was 2.18 (0.78), 3.78 (0.36), 3.0 (0.53), 3.19 (0.45), 2.18 (0.54) for Engagement, Functionality, Aesthetic, Information and Subjective quality, respectively. According to EAU Adherence Score, the highest score was reported by "Infertilità" with 12/15 points while the lowest score was reported by "Fertility Diet Guide", 0/15 points. CONCLUSIONS: Nowadays, MHAs present in the market are not a reliable source of information on MI. An ideal MHAs should be based on scientific evidence, user friendly, respecting privacy and security laws, making patients feel capable and confident to change personal behavior or attitudes.

Infertilidade Masculina , Aplicativos Móveis , Telemedicina , Urologia , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Infertilidade Masculina/terapia
Arch Ital Urol Androl ; 94(4): 515-518, 2022 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36576478


To the Editor, The aim of this "position paper" is to describe the discipline of Pediatric Urology with its clinical and cultural competencies, represent the reasons for legitimizing its existence, and reinforce its importance in the "scenario" of the National Italian Healthcare System. The requisites and the educational requirements were defined by both the Italian Ministry of Health with the State-Regions Conference, and the European Union [...].

Urologia , Criança , Humanos , Itália
BMJ Open ; 12(12): e061418, 2022 12 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36535719


INTRODUCTION: Throughout clinical practice, most doctors will encounter patients with urological conditions. Inclusion of urological topics within medical school curriculums is important to allow doctors to effectively diagnose and manage these conditions, independently and with support from urologists. Awareness of urological education interventions and their effectiveness is essential for improving the quality and outcomes of medical student education. No systematic review of medical school education interventions on urological topics has previously been conducted. This mixed-method systematic review will assess the effectiveness of medical school education interventions on urological topics. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This mixed-methods systematic review will include qualitative and quantitative studies involving education interventions or practices regarding urological topics conducted within a medical school curriculum. Studies regarding other curriculums including premedical education, junior doctor prevocational education or vocational urological training will be excluded. A search of CINAHL, ERIC, EMBASE, MEDLINE will be conducted for studies published since the year 2001. Dual independent screening of titles and abstracts prior to full text review will be undertaken for all identified results during the initial searches. Any disagreement will be settled by a third reviewer. A convergent segregated approach will be used to synthesise qualitative and quantitative data independently, with the results juxtaposed to identify shared and divergent findings between study types. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: No ethical approval was required for this review. Findings from this review will be disseminated via publication, reports and conference presentations.

Educação Médica , Urologia , Humanos , Escolaridade , Projetos de Pesquisa , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto , Faculdades de Medicina , Estudantes , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36385085


INTRODUCTION: In recent years, the role of women in medicine, particularly in surgical practice, has increasingly become a subject for discussion. Traditionally, male doctors have dominated in surgical specialties, especially in urology. Slow rhythm of changes in the structure of the specialty remains the problem relevant, despite the optimistic perspectives of the world urological community gender heterogeneity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have conducted an anonymous survey. Respondents were asked to complete a survey, which included questions from the survey of the European Association of Urology. The sample included 63 women, who were divided into two groups. RESULTS: Despite the opinion of both groups about the lack of a separation into «female¼ and «male¼ specialties, there are concerns about a conflict with stereotypes and ideas about the impossibility of women working in a surgical specialty. Respondents of both groups had more than 70% assurance that in order to achieve professional success, a female surgeon needs more efforts than a male surgeon. In the question of the future status after 10 years, the student population in more than 60% noted the option «operating urologist¼ and less than 10% of respondents chose the «researcher¼. At the same time, the ratio among female-doctors has 41 and 33%, respectively. Among female students, in most cases, indicated the lack of such a dilemma (family/career). Female doctors have a ratio of 50:50, respectively. In the question about pay, more than 75% of respondents were confident about receiving equal pay, similar to male doctors. CONCLUSION: The increasing number of female urologists across the world is a nowadays reality. Rejection of existing stereotypes, elements of gender discrimination from colleagues and patients, mentoring, awareness-building - will help attract young female doctors to the urological specialty. These aspects will be the first step in changing of the current urology.

Médicas , Urologia , Humanos , Feminino , Urologistas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ocupações