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1.
Urologe A ; 59(3): 326-340, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32125448

RESUMO

The significance of electricity for medicine in the modern industrial age should not be underestimated. Particularly in connection with neurasthenia, electrotherapeutic approaches also experienced a boom for domestic use. Thus, electrotherapy reached urology just as it was becoming established as a medical specialty. We analyzed urological manuals and textbooks and objects in the W. P. Didusch Center for Urologic History and the Museum zur Geschichte der Urologie in Berlin to present the wide range of indications for electrotherapy in the emerging field of urology from impotence to urethral strictures and try to highlight the variability of their importance over time.


Assuntos
Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica , Neurastenia/história , Urologia/história , Berlim , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica/tendências , Eletricidade , História do Século XX , Humanos , Masculino , Museus , Neurastenia/terapia , Urologia/tendências
2.
ENFURO: Rev. Asoc. Esp. A.T.S. Urol ; (137): 5-12, dic. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-187214

RESUMO

En España, la titulación oficial de Enfermera se crea en el año 1915 (Real Orden 7-V-1915), tras la aprobación por el Ministerio correspondiente de la instancia presentada por la Congregación Siervas de María Ministras de los Enfermos. La titulación aprobada habilitaba de enfermeras a las que lo solicitasen, pertenecientes o no a comunidades religiosas. A raíz de ello se confeccionan manuales enfermeros. Los objetivos del presente trabajo son: 1. Conocer los contenidos en materia de enfermería urológica exigidos a la enfermera según la normativa vigente (1915). 2. Conocer en base a la documentación oficial publicada lo referente a la figura de la enfermera y la enfermería urológica. Como fuente documental se ha utilizado el Manual de la Carrera de Enfermeras para uso de las Hijas de la Caridad españolas (Madrid, 1917), que conoció varias ediciones, además de documentación legislativa y referencias a otros tratados enfermeros. Se ha seguido la metodología propia de la investigación histórica. Se muestran los contenidos relacionados con la urología presentes en la obra estudiada (definiciones, patologías, términos anatómicos, técnicas, cuidados). La figura de la enfermera ha sido clave en la conformación del actual profesional de enfermería. Los estudios realizados sobre estas profesionales en relación con la materia urológica son escasos, siendo necesario investigaciones de carácter histórico para conocer la verdadera dimensión de sus aportaciones. Entre las conclusiones alcanzadas, destacar que hasta llegar a la creación de la Especialidad de Urología y Nefrología para ATS (1975) (Decreto 2233/1975, de 24 de julio), encontramos en los textos un interés creciente por la materia de enfermería urológica. La obra analizada nos muestra el nivel de conocimientos sobre enfermería urológica de hace un siglo y el grado de autonomía alcanzado por las enfermeras. La investigación histórica se convierte en un pilar básico para conocer y comprender el desarrollo de esta especialidad en España


Sovereign ordinance of 7 May 1915 formally established an official nursing degree upon request by The Servants of Mary, Sisters to the Sick which was approved by the corresponding ministry. This nursing degree provided official recognition at the request of applicants, independently of religious creed. As a result, nursing manuals were created. The aims of the present study are: 1. To learn subject content connected with urologic nursing in compliance with current legislation (1915). 2. Learn what nurses and urologic nurses do on the basis of official documentation published. The textbook Manual de la Carrera de Enfermeras para uso de las Hijas de la Caridad españolas (Madrid, 1917), legislative documentation and references to teatrises on nursing have been use as a source of information. The methodology used has been historic research. Contents addressing urology are shown (definitions, pathologies, anatomical terms, techniques, care). Nursing had a key role in the formation of the present nursing profession. Studies conducted on these professionals with relation to urologic matter are scarce, stressing the importance of historical research in order to know the scope of their contribution. On the conclusions reached, it is important to emphasize that until the creation of the Urology and Nephrology for ATS (1975) (Decree 2233/1975, 24 July), an increasing interest in urology was observed. Work analysis shows the level of knowledge on urologic nursing from a century ago and the levels of nurse autonomy. Historical research becomes an essential foundation in order to know and understand the development of this specialty in Spain


Assuntos
Humanos , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Especialidades de Enfermagem/educação , Especialidades de Enfermagem/história , Urologia/educação , Urologia/história , Manuais como Assunto
3.
Urologe A ; 58(9): 1073-1083, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432241

RESUMO

Women have long been underrepresented in medicine and urology, and thus also in the history of medicine and urology. However, within the last 10 years there has been an increase in the focus on gender studies, including the relevant topics within the history of science. Within urology the difficult pathway for women to enter the job in Austria could be analysed, which now allows them to be included in the general culture of remembrance. Within the education process of students, these topics were often dedicated little time and ignored in research.


Assuntos
Ginecologia/história , Médicas/história , Sociedades Médicas/história , Urologia/história , Áustria , Feminino , Alemanha , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos
5.
Urologe A ; 58(11): 1338-1342, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236654

RESUMO

Male arrogance, medical ignorance of anatomy and functioning of the human genitals, and social reservations about sex education have hampered urological and gynecological research since the 1920s. This changed under the premises of National Socialism when some physicians willing to cooperate were given the opportunity to perform human experiments. The gynecologist Boris Belonoschkin was one of them. He continued his career in Sweden after 1945, where he became an internationally respected scholar. As such, he was able to bring books of his former German colleagues to international attention again. He also promoted andrological research in Western Germany.


Assuntos
Andrologia/história , Ginecologia/história , Infertilidade , Urologia/história , Alemanha , História do Século XX , Experimentação Humana , Humanos , Masculino , Socialismo Nacional
7.
Cir Cir ; 86(1): 99-106, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30951035

RESUMO

Here, two papers are presented, which constitute the first reports of surgical procedures in Mexican children performed at the 19th century. The two publications refer to surgical operations for the extraction of bladder stones. At that time, there was no anesthesia, so part of the description alludes to the suffering of the patients and the operative difficulties. The first case, is referred to as a lithotomy in a 17-year-old girl, performed by surgeon José Victoriano Guerrero in Guadalajara in 1822. The publication is not an academic report, but a pamphlet written as a gift to Emperor Augustin I to celebrate his ascension to the throne. The second work, is a lateral lithotomy in a 5-year-old boy, published by Dr. Luis Jecker in the first issue of the Periódico de la Academia de Medicina de Mégico in 1836.


Assuntos
Pediatria/história , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/história , Urologia/história , Criança , História do Século XIX , Humanos , México , Cálculos da Bexiga Urinária/história , Cálculos da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia
8.
Urol Int ; 103(1): 1-7, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30917372

RESUMO

Werner Forssmann (1904-1979) was awarded the Nobel Prize for his self-experiments in catheterization of the heart and thus entered the annals of medicine. But he had turned to urology long before he received the Nobel Prize. Who was this person associated with both cardiology and urology? It is precisely this question that the present article explores with the help of both new and reevaluated primary sources. In 1999 Truss et al. already published an article in the World Journal of Urology about the many and varied facets of Forssmann's life and work. Our article ties in with that of Truss et al. and expands the body of knowledge concerning Forssmann and his work. Werner Forssmann as one of the 2 urologists besides Charles B. Huggins who have ever won the Nobel Prize deserves a complete and comprehensive analysis of his life and his life's work. Within -German Urology, the culture of remembrance on Werner Forssmann is an important component and with every newly revealed and interpreted source we get to know better who this urologist was and what role he played in the scientific community.


Assuntos
Cardiologia/história , Urologia/história , Alemanha , História do Século XX , Humanos , Prêmio Nobel
9.
Urology ; 123: 7-11, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30248352

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Section of Urology at the Minneapolis Veteran's Affairs (VA) Medical Center has a long history of contributions to Urology including the Gleason Score, Fuhrman Grading system, testicular tumor marker development and the birth of Endourology. The objective of this manuscript is to compile and present the Urologic history of the Minneapolis VA. METHODS: The Urologic literature and institutional records originating from the Minneapolis VA Medical Center from 1946-2017 were reviewed and presented herein. RESULTS: The Minneapolis VA Health Care System originated in 1921 and currently employs 5 Urologist who serve over 16,000 veterans per year. Historic achievements from the Minneapolis VA Section of Urology include the development of the Veteran's Affairs Cooperative Research Group (VACURG) which was instrumental to development of the Gleason grading system for prostate cancer in 1965. Additional urologic oncology achievements originating from the Minneapolis VA Section of Urology included the development of the diagnostic utility of tumor markers in testis cancer in 1976 and The Fuhrman Grading System in 1982. Perhaps the greatest contribution to the field of Urology was the birth of Endourology at the Minneapolis VA in the late 1970s under the direction of Dr. Paul Lange. Currently the Minneapolis VA is a premier center for Evidence Based Urology by housing Cochrane Urology and the U.S. Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation network (US GRADE). CONCLUSION: Since 1946, the section of Urology at the Minneapolis VA has contributed basic science, clinical technique and evidence based medicine to the field of Urology while providing care to the nation's veterans.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/história , United States Department of Veterans Affairs/história , Urologia/história , História do Século XX , Minnesota , Estados Unidos
10.
World J Urol ; 37(5): 975-982, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30132066

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Before English took the lead as the prime scientific language among northern European urologists and surgeons, German was widely regarded as the "lingua franca". This shift has to date not been systematically reconstructed. This article provides insights into the question how political and social factors influence how physicians communicate with each other, what they read, and how the constellations of international scientific communities in medicine change over time. METHODS: Through a language analysis of more than 2000 articles, including their references, in major Swedish medical journals as well as surgical doctoral dissertations defended at Swedish universities, this paper explores scientific language trends during the first half of the twentieth century among Swedish physicians for the first time on a large scale. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The study shows that Swedish urologists and surgeons generally did not switch to English during the years immediately after the First World War, as has been documented in other countries. After a decrease during the first 10 years after the First World War, the German language dominated among Swedish urologists and surgeons from the 1930s until the early 1940s, when English first dominated at large. The rapidity of this process shows that almost all surgical researchers had changed from German to English within just a few years.


Assuntos
Idioma/história , Urologia/história , Dissertações Acadêmicas como Assunto , Cirurgia Geral/história , História do Século XX , Humanos , Internacionalidade , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/história , Cirurgiões , Suécia , Urologistas
11.
Urol Int ; 102(1): 1-12, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30176666

RESUMO

The middle of the 19th century marks the beginning of a global process of science and knowledge transfer from -Europe to the rest of the world. During the phase of globali-zation, Austrian physician and ethnographer Jacob E. Polak (1818-1891) played a key role in the transmission of practical and scientific reasoning, leading to the development of medical science and clinical care in Persia. In 1851, Polak was commissioned by the Persian court to work as an academic teacher at the first secular institution of higher learning in Teheran, the Dar al-Fonun. After 4 years of teaching and working as a doctor and surgeon, Polak was appointed personal physician to the Qajar king, Naser-ad-Din Shah (r. 1848-1896). During Polak's 9 year stay in Persia, he performed numerous surgical operations with specific focus on lithotomies on men and women of all ages. He documented each operation and collected samples of bladder calculi for the purpose of chemical analysis. After his return to Austria, he published a detailed report on his practice of lithotomy in Persia. This extensive documentation is, we believe, the only known historical evidence that currently exists of the introduction of modern urology to Persia. This study will present Polak's role as a pioneer of modern medicine and lithotomy, and will examine how he introduced the latest achievements of Viennese medicine in the field of operative urology to Persia.


Assuntos
Litotripsia/história , Urologia/história , Áustria , História do Século XIX , Cooperação Internacional , Pérsia , Cirurgiões , Cálculos da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia
12.
J Med Biogr ; 27(3): 136-143, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29072516

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In 1917, Alma Hiller became the first woman to publish in the Journal of Urology (JU). Her contribution was followed by articles from Carol Beeler and Isabel Mary Wason. This study explores their careers and contributions. METHODS: We reviewed JU articles from 1917 to 1925 and identified Hiller, Beeler, and Wason as the first three women authors. Using public records, we obtained information of their educations and careers. RESULTS: Hiller demonstrated resilience in obtaining training and ultimately contributed to innovation in clinical chemistry. Beeler worked on research on metabolic physiology. Wason influenced both lab work and national policy. CONCLUSIONS: For female scientists entering the workforce in the late 1800s/early 1900s, reception was contingent upon the acceptance of male colleagues. Despite these barriers, Hiller, Beeler, and Wason contributed to novel discoveries. Their most influential contributions remain their historic presence as early female researchers and the first female authors in JU.


Assuntos
Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/história , Médicas/história , Editoração/história , Urologia/história , História do Século XX , Estados Unidos
13.
Urologe A ; 58(5): 550-554, 2019 May.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29796700

RESUMO

The eponym of our expertise, Johann Juncker, is not well known, but was an outstanding medical scientist in the first half of the 18th century. Because of his pietism and his admiration for Georg Ernst Stahl, he never studied medicine. As a self-taught man, he was appointed to the orphanage hospital in Halle in 1717. One year later he received his doctorate. His most eminent achievement was the introduction of the "bedside student education in collegium clinicum". In 1729, he became full professor. Another year later, he gave distinction to the word "urologia" and the future name of our specialization was born. Juncker had a reputation far beyond Halle. He was ahead of his time not only with bedside student education, but also with his commitment to the enrollment of women at universities. Under his aegis and in his private house, Dorothea Christiane Erxleben (1715-1762) was the first woman to receive her doctor's degree in 1754.


Assuntos
Urologia/história , História do Século XVI , História do Século XVII , Humanos , Masculino , Medicina , Especialização , Universidades
14.
J Med Biogr ; 27(3): 149-158, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28972440

RESUMO

Henry Wade graduated in the Edinburgh Medical School in 1898 before spending two years with the British army during the Anglo-Boer war. Returning to this country, he joined Francis Caird, surgeon to the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary. Appointed Conservator of the museum of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, Wade met young William Ford Robertson. In a study of experimental cancer they concluded that some neoplasms were caused by bacteria. Wade became increasingly recognised as an authority in urology. His growing practice was interrupted by the First World War. Already a member of the Royal Army Medical Corps, he served for five years in the Middle East, in Gallipoli and then with the army in an approach to Jerusalem. Resuming civilian life, Wade combined an extensive urological practice with membership of the Council of the RCSEd. He became President in 1935. Married in 1924, his wife died four years later after an operation by a colleague, David Wilkie. Director of Surgery to the Scottish Emergency Medical Service when the Second World War broke out, Wade was made a Knight Bachelor in 1946. He died in 1955.


Assuntos
Medicina Militar/história , Museus/história , Cirurgiões/história , Urologistas/história , Urologia/história , Europa (Continente) , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Escócia , África do Sul , Veteranos/história
15.
Histopathology ; 74(1): 184-212, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30565309

RESUMO

This article begins with the testis and a legendary figure, Sir Astley Cooper, who wrote an early text on the organ. The early 20th century saw the first major development, the description of the seminoma by the French investigator Maurice Chevassu, but the pace of knowledge did not accelerate until after World War II with a major article from the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (AFIP) by Nathan B. Friedman and Robert A. Moore, soon followed by the first series testis fascicle by Frank J. Dixon and Moore. Other noteworthy contributions were made by two masters of gonadal pathology, Gunnar Teilum and Robert E. Scully. In the 1970s, Niels E. Skakkebaek played a seminal role in elaborating in-situ neoplasia of the testis. The school of British testicular tumour authored, in the mid-1970s, under the editorship of Roger C. B. Pugh, one of the best texts on testicular pathology. Advances in more recent years have been largely spearheaded by Thomas M. Ulbright of the Indiana University School of Medicine. Observations on the prostate gland date back to Andreas Vesalius and William Cheselden, the latter appearing to have introduced the word for the gland. Note is made of contributions on the anatomy and histology of the gland by Oswald Lowsley, L. M. Franks, and John McNeal. Diagnosing carcinoma of the prostate was brought into the modern age in a landmark 1953 article by Robert S. Totten et al. In the 1960s, Donald F. Gleason introduced a grading system that is now in use worldwide. The topic of premalignant lesions has been well established only for approximately three decades, based initially on the work of Dr McNeal and David G. Bostwick. One of the first to write a book on the bladder was the remarkable British surgeon-pathologist Sir Henry Thompson. Workers at the AFIP, including Colonel James E. Ash and Fatallah K. Mostofi, wrote many outstanding articles on bladder pathology. The roles of other institutions, such as Johns Hopkins University, the Mayo Clinic, and St Peter's Hospital Institute of Urology, London, and those who worked there are noted. Knowledge of the pathology of the urachus dates largely back to the remarkable book on the topic in 1916 by the Hopkins investigator Thomas S. Cullen. Information on renal tumours dates largely to the work of Paul Grawitz, but awareness of the many variants of renal cell carcinoma in general was slow to evolve, and has only accelerated in recent years. The AFIP group of Dr Mostofi, ably assisted by Colonel Charles J. Davis and Isabell A. Sesterhenn, has contributed to knowledge of renal neoplasia with articles of note on oncocytoma, metanephric adenoma, and medullary carcinoma. In the mid-1980s, the German workers Wolfgang Thoenes and Stephan Störkel recognised the distinctive tumour known as chromophobe renal cell carcinoma. Work on renal tumours in the young owes much to J. Bruce Beckwith. The observational talents of numerous investigators have, in just over a century, advanced our knowledge of diseases of the urinary tract and testis remarkably.


Assuntos
Patologia Clínica/história , Doenças Urológicas/história , Urologia/história , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Masculino
17.
Acta Clin Croat ; 57(Suppl 1): 9-20, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30457242

RESUMO

The history of Croatian urology clearly shows its affiliation to the medical and civilizational circle of the Western world. The Department of Urology at the Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital Center is the oldest urology institution in the Republic of Croatia. The Department was established in 1894, when the new Sestre milosrdnice Hospital was open in Vinogradska cesta in Zagreb. It was then that doctor Dragutin Masek founded the so-called III Department, which, in addition to treating urology patients, also treated patients with conditions of the ear, nose and throat, eye diseases and dermatologic conditions. Dragutin Masek had already realized that medicine would soon be divided into fields and had assigned younger doctors joining the III Department to specific fields. As a result, urology was given to Aleksandar Blaskovic, who founded the first independent department of urology in Croatia in 1926. In 1927, he was appointed Professor of urology at the Zagreb School of Medicine, where he established the first department of urology and was giving lectures and practicals. Under his leadership, the Department of Urology was given the status of a Clinic, a teach-ing department, the first of its kind in Croatia. Owing to all his activities in the field of urology, the history remembers him as the "father of modern Croatian urology". Over the course of the following years, department chairs had changed, but luckily for the patients, approach to work had not. Conscientiousness, trust, competence and charity. After all, charity is the idea that the hospital carries even in its name, after the Sisters of Charity who had founded it. In all the decades, the Department of Urology has been following global development paths, objectively legging behind top facilities in the world by only a few years. Overall professional and scientific urology activities culminated in 1998, when the Clinic became the Reference Center of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Croatia for prostate cancer, and in 2011, when it became the European Board of Urology Certified Center. All that has been achieved could not have been done without wholehearted help and cooperation of the nurses, as well as every other department employee from the beginnings of urology until today. Despite its rich history, the Department does not rest on laurels. Today, it is a modern urology department together with its European role models.


Assuntos
Hospitais Universitários , Urologia , Croácia , História do Século XX , Humanos , Liderança , Dermatopatias , Urologia/história
19.
Arch. esp. urol. (Ed. impr.) ; 71(9): 743-749, nov. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-178751

RESUMO

Objetivos: Es excepcional que los datos de una enfermedad se tomen de un relato histórico en que el autor, el propio rey Alfonso X el Sabio en una de las Cantigas a la Virgen María (monumento de la literatura universal), recita los hechos de cuando era un niño en la ciudad de Cuenca, a mediados de agosto de 1226. Hechos que tuvieron gran resonancia. Métodos: Los estudios de Medicina estaban en plena decadencia que no remontaron hasta la creación de las Universidades (París, Nápoles, Padua, Bolonia y Montpellier). En esta Cantiga se cita a los buenos físicos, médicos. De ahí provenía Pedro de Montpellier, el médico de la Corte del rey Fernando III, que atendió a su mujer Beatriz de Suabia (hija de Felipe, rey de Romanos e Irene Angelo). Fue bautizada como Isabel pero adoptó el nombre de Beatriz en recuerdo de su hermana mayor, emperatriz del S. I. Romano que murió en 1212 en una batalla. Beatriz, con un embarazo muy avanzado, auía tan gran féuer y postración debida a una probable causa urinaria: -ca Pero de Monpisler boos físicos y eran, dizian: -Non uiuerá. Su marido, Fernando III, hace doce semanas que marchó, en campaña, a tierras de su aliado el rey de Baeza. Están con la reina Beatriz sus hijos Fadrique y el mayor, Alfonso. Desahuciada por los médicos, la paciente implora su curación a la imagen milagrosa de la Virgen María que los devotos le acercan estando próxima la fecha de la Asunción. Resultados: La curación se hace efectiva y coincide con el regreso de Fernando III tras la toma de la fortificada Capela. Conclusiones: Alfonso, en acción de gracias por la curación de su madre, la reina Doña Beatriz, dedicará esta Cantiga a la Virgen María


Objectives: It is exceptional that the data of a disease are taken from a historical account in which the author, King Alfonso X the Wise himself, in one of the songs (Cantigas) to Mary, the Virgin (monument of universal literature), recites the facts from his childhood in the city of Cuenca, in the middle of August of 1226. These Facts had a great resonance. Methods: The medical studies were in full decay that did not improve until the creation of the Universities (Paris, Naples, Padua, Bologna and Montpellier). In this Cantiga some good physicals, doctors, are mentioned. There does Peter of Montpellier come from, the Court doctor for King Fernando III that took care of his wifeBeatriz of Swabia (daughter of Felipe, Roman King, and Irene Angelo). She was baptized like Isabel but adopted the name in memory of her older sister, empress of the Holy Roman Empire that died in 1212 in a battle. Results: Beatriz, with a very advanced pregnancy, "had such a great fever" and dismay due to a probable urinary cause: "but Pero de Monpisler and other good physicals, they said: -she will not live". Her husband, Fernando III, had marched twelve weeks before, in campaign, to the lands of his ally the King of Baeza. Their children Fadrique and Alfonso, the elder one, were with Queen Beatriz. Condemned by doctors, the patient implored her healing to a miraculous image of Mary, the Virgin, which devotees brought over her in the days when the Assumption festivity was coming. The healing became effective and coincided with the return of Fernando III after the capture of the fortified town of Capela. Conclusions: Alfonso, in thanksgiving for the healing of his mother, Queen Beatriz, would dedicate this Cantiga to Mary, the Virgin (1)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , História Medieval , Medicina nas Artes , Urologia/história , Catolicismo , Complicações na Gravidez , Religião e Medicina , Doenças Urológicas , Espanha
20.
Arch. esp. urol. (Ed. impr.) ; 71(9): 750-751, nov. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-178752

RESUMO

Objetivo: A través de dos episodios, encontramos que están íntimamente relacionados con la litiasis. Métodos: En el mismo relato histórico se describen documentalmente los casos. Resultados: La enfermedad litiásica de dos personajes históricamente conocidos. Ambos, en su diferente ambiente cultural, buscan la curación milagrosa. Conclusiones: No se logró en el primer caso y sí en el segundo. Ambos, se sucedieron en plena Edad Media, en un espacio de cien años y a más de cinco mil km. de distancia


Objetive: Through two historic episodes we find that they are closely related with urinary lithiasis. Methods: The cases are described and documented in the same historical account. Results: The lithiasic disease of two historical known characters. Both in a different cultural environment looked for a miraculous healing. Conclusions: Cure was not achieved in the first case but in the second. Both happened in the Middle Age within a period of 100 years and more than 5,000 kilometers away from each other


Assuntos
História Medieval , Urolitíase/história , Urologia/história , Religião e Medicina
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