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1.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(8): 682-683, 2020 Aug 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842391

RESUMO

A 4-month-old child with skin rash for 2 days and fever for 1 day was hospitalized in the Department of Pediatrics of Erdos Central Hospital in November 2019. According to the clinical symptoms, medical history and medication history at the time of admission, it was diagnosed as urticaria with angioneuroedema. In this case, the urticaria occurred 3 days after acetaminophen administration, which is a delayed reaction.


Assuntos
Acetaminofen/efeitos adversos , Angioedema/induzido quimicamente , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/efeitos adversos , Urticária/induzido quimicamente , Acetaminofen/administração & dosagem , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/administração & dosagem , Febre , Humanos , Lactente
3.
Intern Med ; 59(17): 2161-2164, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32461525

RESUMO

Some patients discontinue receiving osimertinib for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) Thr790Met (T790M) mutation due to adverse its effects. We report a case of successful desensitization therapy after osimertinib-induced urticaria. An 85-year-old Japanese woman received osimertinib as third-line therapy for NSCLC with the EGFR T790M mutation. After two days, she developed urticaria of the lower extremities. We started osimertinib desensitization therapy at 0.1 mg/day, which was gradually increased to 40 mg/day. She continued osimertinib for >12 months without adverse effects. Desensitization therapy with osimertinib could be useful for patients experiencing osimertinib-induced urticaria.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Urticária/induzido quimicamente , Acrilamidas/efeitos adversos , Acrilamidas/uso terapêutico , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Compostos de Anilina/efeitos adversos , Compostos de Anilina/uso terapêutico , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Receptores ErbB/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Mutação
5.
Arerugi ; 69(1): 48-52, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32051369

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cochineal dyes are used as additives in various foods for the purpose of red coloration. On the other hand, although it has been reported as a causative agent of immediate allergy, most of them are adult women. We report a case of an 8-year-old boy who developed a cochineal allergy.Current disease history: He has been suffering from atopic dermatitis, bronchial asthma, and food allergies since childhood. At the age of seven, he experienced an unknown anaphylaxis reaction twice. When he was 8 years old, he ate a frankfurter containing hypoallergenic cochineal for the first time; cold sweat, intraoral discomfort, respiratory distress, and urticaria appeared throughout the body. His skin prick tests were positive, with a result of 2+to frankfurter and cochineal dyes (color value 0.1 and 0.01). In the immunoblot assay, binding of IgE antibody was observed with CC38K (the main component of cochineal) and a protein of approximately 80-200 kDa in the high molecular weight region. DISCUSSION: We report a case of anaphylaxis with hypoallergenic cochineal onset in a school-age boy.


Assuntos
Anafilaxia/induzido quimicamente , Carmim/efeitos adversos , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar , Urticária/induzido quimicamente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Testes Cutâneos
6.
Curr Allergy Asthma Rep ; 20(1): 4, 2020 01 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31993777

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Progestogen hypersensitivity (PH) is a condition which typically occurs in women in childbearing years with a spectrum of symptoms ranging from urticaria with or without angioedema, dermatitis to systemic anaphylaxis. Herein, a clinical case of PH is presented followed by a discussion on the evaluation, diagnosis, and management of PH. RECENT FINDINGS: Progestogen hypersensitivity (a.k.a. "autoimmune progesterone dermatitis") symptoms are associated with exogenous progestin exposure (e.g., contraceptive medicines, in vitro fertilization therapy) or endogenous progesterone from progesterone surges during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle and pregnancy. This condition can be difficult to recognize due to its heterogeneous clinical presentation. The mechanism of PH is believed to be primarily IgE-mediated; however, less commonly other immune responses may be involved. There is now a useful progesterone specific IgE immunoassay to assist in diagnosis and well-defined treatment algorithms that can be used to successfully manage PH. The epidemiology of PH is still poorly elucidated but is likely to be encountered by clinicians and especially allergists given the extensive use of oral contraceptives and increased use of supra-physiologic doses of progesterone required to support pregnancy in IVF. Including PH in the differential diagnosis of women presenting with cyclic hypersensitivity will accelerate diagnosis and successful management of this condition.


Assuntos
Anafilaxia/induzido quimicamente , Doenças Autoimunes/induzido quimicamente , Dispositivos Intrauterinos Medicados/efeitos adversos , Progesterona/efeitos adversos , Progestinas/efeitos adversos , Urticária/induzido quimicamente , Anafilaxia/diagnóstico , Anafilaxia/tratamento farmacológico , Antialérgicos/uso terapêutico , Doenças Autoimunes/diagnóstico , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Dermatite/diagnóstico , Dermatite/tratamento farmacológico , Dessensibilização Imunológica , Remoção de Dispositivo , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Omalizumab/uso terapêutico , Urticária/diagnóstico , Urticária/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto Jovem
7.
J Oncol Pharm Pract ; 26(5): 1244-1247, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31822201

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pomalidomide is an immunomodulating agent that is used to treat relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma. Although the incidence of hypersensitivity with pomalidomide is not well documented, the most common type of hypersensitivity involves a cutaneous reaction. Previous reports have successfully utilized a desensitization protocol in patients who developed hypersensitivity to pomalidomide. Here we describe a case of a patient who developed urticaria on pomalidomide and successfully underwent a desensitization using the previously reported method in a case report. CASE REPORT: A 68-year-old woman with relapsed multiple myeloma and no known drug allergies developed urticaria a day after taking the first dose of pomalidomide. MANAGEMENT AND OUTCOME: The patient underwent a 10-step desensitization process in the medical intensive care unit without any reported adverse events. The following day in the medical intensive care unit, the patient was able to tolerate a full dose of pomalidomide with no further reactions and was discharged with instructions to take a full dose of pomalidomide daily for 21 days out of a 28-day cycle. The patient was followed up in the outpatient clinic and noted no further reactions from pomalidomide at the three-month visit. DISCUSSION: The 10-step desensitization protocol with pomalidomide was well tolerated in the patient with hypersensitivity to pomalidomide. Whether this approach would work in patients with more severe reactions such as anaphylaxis and angioedema is still unknown.


Assuntos
Dessensibilização Imunológica/métodos , Fatores Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Talidomida/análogos & derivados , Urticária/induzido quimicamente , Urticária/diagnóstico , Idoso , Hipersensibilidade a Drogas/diagnóstico , Hipersensibilidade a Drogas/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Mieloma Múltiplo/imunologia , Talidomida/efeitos adversos , Urticária/terapia
12.
Ann Dermatol Venereol ; 146(11): 720-724, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601439

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Permethrin is a synthetic pyrethroid used as a chemical insecticide that obtained an MA in the management of human scabies in 2014. We report a case of severe immediate hypersensitivity (IH) reaction with generalized contact urticaria secondary to the cutaneous application of 5% permethrin cream (Topiscab®). OBSERVATION: A 44-year-old woman with no personal history of atopy was treated with oral ivermectin, Topiscab® and levocetirizine for suspected scabies. Eight hours after taking a levocetirizine tablet and five hours after the application of a tube of Topiscab® together with oral ivermectin, she presented generalized urticaria, nausea and diarrhoea, followed by loss of consciousness. Skin prick-tests for ivermectin and levocetirizine were negative. We noticed non-significant erythema with permethrin. The open application test with Topiscab® was strongly positive at 20min with the appearance of an urticaria plaque in the area of application. The open test with sorbic acid was positive at 2h. Accidental exposure to permethrin spray caused dyspnoea and recurrence of urticaria. DISCUSSION: Mild and transient symptoms are regularly described after cutaneous application (burning, paraesthesia or increased itching). Delayed hypersensitivity reactions such as contact dermatitis have been reported in the literature. Exceptional cases of severe IH reactions have been described following occupational exposure to airborne pyrethroid insecticides. No cases of severe IH reaction secondary to application of topical permethrin have been reported.


Assuntos
Dermatite de Contato/etiologia , Hipersensibilidade Imediata/induzido quimicamente , Inseticidas/efeitos adversos , Permetrina/efeitos adversos , Urticária/induzido quimicamente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Testes Cutâneos , Inconsciência/induzido quimicamente
17.
Vet Dermatol ; 30(2): 91-e24, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30779257

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Histamine type-1 (H1) receptor antagonists such as diphenhydramine are frequently used for treatment of pruritus in dogs, yet therapeutic efficacy for allergic disorders is reported to be highly variable. Dimenhydrinate is a salt of diphenhydramine and 8-chlorotheophylline, and has been reported to produce superior oral absorption of diphenhydramine. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVE: To determine the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of diphenhydramine in dogs after intravenous (1 mg/kg) and oral (5 mg/kg) administration, and when given orally as dimenhydrinate at a dose of 10 mg/kg (≈5 mg/kg diphenhydramine). ANIMALS: Each drug was administered to six healthy, fasted mixed-breed dogs in a research facility, using a cross-over design. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Blood samples were collected for pharmacokinetic analysis of diphenhydramine and chlorotheophylline at defined intervals. Pharmacodynamic response was measured by histamine-mediated cutaneous wheal formation. RESULTS: There was great variability in the data and one dog was an extreme outlier. The mean systemic availabilities of diphenhydramine were 7.8% and 22.0% after oral administration of diphenhydramine and dimenhydrinate, respectively, whereas the mean maximum concentrations were 36 (± 20) and 124 (± 46) ng/mL. The terminal elimination half-lives of diphenhydramine and dimenhydrinate were 5.0 (± 7.1) and 11.6 (± 17.7) h, respectively. Plasma diphenhydramine concentrations did not correlate with the percentage reduction in histamine-induced wheal formation. Theophylline reached plasma concentrations considered to be therapeutic for dogs. CONCLUSION: Oral absorption of diphenhydramine was approximately three times greater with a longer half-life when it was administered as the combination product dimenhydrinate.


Assuntos
Dimenidrinato/administração & dosagem , Difenidramina/farmacocinética , Histamina/efeitos adversos , Urticária/induzido quimicamente , Urticária/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Intravenosa , Administração Oral , Animais , Estudos Cross-Over , Dimenidrinato/sangue , Dimenidrinato/farmacocinética , Difenidramina/administração & dosagem , Difenidramina/sangue , Cães , Feminino , Meia-Vida , Antagonistas dos Receptores Histamínicos/farmacocinética , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Teofilina/sangue
19.
Rev Med Interne ; 40(3): 166-172, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30630637

RESUMO

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are the most common providers of immediate hypersensitivity reactions. Among these reactions, isolated acute urticaria is the most common clinical feature with a non-allergic origin. It is a pharmacological side effect resulting from the alteration of arachidonic acid metabolism induced by NSAIDs. Diagnosis of this acute urticaria is clinical, requiring no allergy testing. Currently, the recommended therapeutic management of NSAID urticaria is the avoidance of all NSAID with COX-1 inhibitor activity (even if when reintroduced, they are most often well tolerated) and the use of selective COX-2 inhibitors. This review focuses on urticaria reactions to NSAIDs, which are simple to manage.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/efeitos adversos , Urticária/induzido quimicamente , Urticária/terapia , Doença Aguda , Hipersensibilidade a Drogas/diagnóstico , Hipersensibilidade a Drogas/epidemiologia , Hipersensibilidade a Drogas/terapia , Humanos , Urticária/epidemiologia , Urticária/patologia
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