Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 156
Filtrar
2.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 37(3): [E05], 15 Octubre 2019. Tab 1, Tab 2
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1023484

RESUMO

Objective. The study sought to explore the relationship between levels of stress and resilience with the use of the mobile phone in nursing students. Methods. Cross-sectional study conducted with 102 nursing students from several Nursing schools in India who were invited to participate in the research. The data were gathered by using the following instruments: Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) by Cohen, The Connor-Davidson Resilience scale (CD-RISC), and Mobile Phone Involvement Questionnaire (MPIQ) by Walsh. Results. Most of the participants were women (94.1%), studying in the undergraduate (70.6%), with a mean age of 25.2 years. In all, 77.5% of the students had stress perception between moderate and high, 20.6% had high resilience capacity, and 25.5% were frequent mobile phone users. Perceived stress was correlated significantly and negatively with age and resilience capacity. Graduate students had greater capacity to recover than undergraduate students. Conclusion. This study indicates the negative relation of resilience capacity with stress and the use of mobile phones among nursing students. Hence, it is necessary for institutions preparing nurses to develop intervention strategies to enhance the resilience capacity, improve skills to manage stress, and healthy use of the mobile phone.


Objetivo. Explorar la relación entre los niveles de estrés y resiliencia con el uso del teléfono móvil en estudiantes hindúes de enfermería. Métodos. Estudio de corte transversal realizado con 102 estudiantes de enfermería de varias escuelas de enfermería en la India a quienes se invitó a participar en la investigación. Los datos se recopilaron con la ayuda de los siguientes instrumentos: Percibed Stress Scale (PSS) de Cohen, The Connor-Davidson Resilience scale (CD-RISC) y Mobile Phone Involvement Questionnaire (MPIQ) de Walsh. Resultados La mayoría de los participantes fueron mujeres (94.1%), estudiaban pregrado (70.6%) y tenían un promedio de edad de 25.2 años. El 77.5% de los estudiantes tenía una percepción de estrés entre moderada y alta; el 20.6% tenía alta capacidad de resiliencia y el 25.5% eran usuarios frecuentes de teléfonos móviles. El estrés percibido se correlacionó significativamente y de manera negativa con la edad y la capacidad de resiliencia. Los estudiantes de posgrado tuvieron mayor capacidad de recuperación que los estudiantes de pregrado. Conclusión. El presente estudio indica la relación negativa de la capacidad de resiliencia con el estrés y el uso de teléfonos móviles entre los estudiantes hindúes de enfermería. Por lo tanto, es necesario que las instituciones formadoras de enfermeros desarrollen estrategias de intervención para fortalecer la capacidad de resiliencia, mejorando las habilidades para manejar el estrés y el uso saludable del teléfono móvil.


Objetivo. Explorar a relação entre os níveis de estresse e resiliência com o uso do telefone móbil em estudantes de enfermagem. Métodos. Estudo de corte transversal realizado com 102 estudantes de enfermagem de várias escolas de enfermagem na Índia que foram convidados a participar na investigação. Os dados se recopilaram utilizando os seguintes instrumentos: Percibed Stress Scale (PSS) de Cohen, The Connor-Davidson Resilience scale (CD-RISC) e Mobile Phone Involvement Questionnaire (MPIQ) de Walsh. Resultados A maioria dos participantes eram mulheres (94.1%), estudavam graduação (70.6%)e tinham uma média de idade de 25.2 anos. 77.5% dos estudantes tinham uma percepção de estresse entre moderada e alta, 20.6% tinha alta capacidade de resiliência e 25.5% eram usuários frequentes de telefones móbeis. O estresse percebido se correlacionou significativamente e de maneira negativa com a idade e a capacidade de resiliência. Os estudantes de pós-graduação tiveram maior capacidade de recuperação que os estudantes de graduação. Conclusão. O presente estudo indica a relação negativa da capacidade de resiliência com o estresse e o uso de telefones móbeis entre os estudantes de enfermagem. Por tanto, é necessário que as instituições formadoras de enfermeiros desenvolvem estratégias de intervenção para fortalecer a capacidade de resiliência, melhorando as habilidades para manejar o estresse e o uso saudável do telefone móbil.


Assuntos
Humanos , Estresse Fisiológico , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resiliência Psicológica , Uso do Telefone Celular
3.
Accid Anal Prev ; 132: 105288, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505306

RESUMO

In many countries, motorcycle taxis remain an important mode of travel due to their fast, flexible, and inexpensive service. The recent advent of ride-hailing services has led to dramatic growth in the fleet of motorcycle taxis and additional types of motorcycle taxi drivers. Furthermore, mobile phone use while riding a motorcycle is an emerging safety issue, particularly among ride-hailing motorcycle taxi drivers. This paper investigates mobile phone use while riding, crashes and mobile phone related crashes among ride-hailing, traditional, and hybrid motorcycle taxi drivers, using data from a survey in Hanoi, Vietnam. Results show that ride-hailing motorcycle taxi drivers had the highest prevalence of mobile phone use while riding a motorcycle taxi (95.3%), followed by hybrid (88.6%) and traditional taxi drivers (64%). Approximately 32.6%, 19.3%, and 9.7% of motorcycle taxi drivers reported being involved in a crash, injury crash, and mobile phone related crash respectively. Mobile phone related crashes represent 20.5% of all reported crashes. Logistic and negative binomial regression were used to explore factors influencing mobile phone use while riding and crash frequencies. Regression results indicate that ride-hailing taxi drivers were more likely to be involved in a mobile phone related crash. Delivery trips were found to be associated with increases in crashes whereas passenger trips were found to be associated with decreases in crashes. Policy implications are also discussed.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , Uso do Telefone Celular/estatística & dados numéricos , Motocicletas/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Medição de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Vietnã/epidemiologia
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362446

RESUMO

Road traffic injury (RTI) is the third leading cause of death in Saudi Arabia. Using a mobile phone when driving is associated with distracted driving, which may result in RTIs. Because of limited empirical data, we investigated the association between mobile phone use and RTI in injured patients and community controls in Riyadh. Cases were patients admitted to King Abdulaziz Medical City (KAMC) between October 2016 and March 2018 due to RTIs. During admission, mobile phone use at the time of the accident was investigated. The controls were drivers observed at various locations citywide. A logistic regression model was constructed to estimate the association between mobile phone use while driving and sustaining RTIs. We included 318 cases and 1700 controls. For the cases, using a mobile phone was associated with higher severity and prevalence of disability. In addition, using a mobile phone while driving is associated with 44% higher odds of incurring a severe RTI (p = 0.04). Mobile phone use while driving is prevalent in Riyadh and pose a significant threat of disability. In addition, the low prevalence of seatbelt use is alarming and requires significant improvement. Prevention programs may use these findings to educate the public and policymakers and to advocate for increased visibility of enforcement to reduce RTIs and improve population health.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito/prevenção & controle , Uso do Telefone Celular , Telefone Celular , Adulto , Condução de Veículo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cidades , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Cintos de Segurança
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277342

RESUMO

Abstract: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is prevalent among adolescents. Low health literacy (HL) and problematic mobile phone use (PMPU) are risk factors of NSSI. But so far, no study has examined the interactive role of HL and PMPU on NSSI. In this context, the present study aimed to examine the interactions of HL and PMPU and their impact on NSSI in a school-based sample of Chinese adolescents. A total of 22,628 junior and high school students (10,990 males and 11,638 females) were enrolled in this study. The outcomes were self-reported HL, PMPU and NSSI. Analyses were conducted with chi-square tests and logistic regression models. The prevalence of NSSI was 32.1%. Low HL and PMPU were significantly associated with NSSI independently (ORlow HL = 1.886, 95% CI = 1.723-2.065, ORPMPU = 2.062, 95% CI = 1.934-2.199). Interaction analysis indicated that low HL and PMPU were interactively associated with increased risks of NSSI (OR = 2.617, 95% CI = 2.375-2.884). In all, our findings indicate that HL and PMPU are associated with NSSI independently and interactively. The intervention programs of NSSI should consider the adolescents HL levels and PMPU.


Assuntos
Uso do Telefone Celular , Alfabetização em Saúde , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Estudantes
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261619

RESUMO

The current study aimed to explore the underlying mechanisms of how interpersonal relationships relieve adolescents' problematic mobile phone use (PMPU) and to examine the potential mediating roles of loneliness and motivation to use mobile phones. Four thousand five hundred and nine middle school students from four provinces in China were recruited to participate in the investigation. The results showed that the parent-child relationship but not the teacher-student relationship, had a direct and negative effect on PMPU. The parent-child relationship had indirect effects on PMPU through the mediators of loneliness, escape motivation and relationship motivation; the teacher-student relationship had indirect effects on PMPU only through the mediating factors of loneliness and escape motivation. Both parent-child and teacher-student relationships indirectly affected PMPU through a two-step path from loneliness to escape motivation. These findings highlight the more salient role of the parent-child relationship than that of the teacher-student relationship in directly alleviating PMPU and indicate that satisfying interpersonal relationships can buffer adolescents' PMPU by lowering their loneliness and motivation to use mobile phones.


Assuntos
Telefone Celular , Relações Interpessoais , Solidão , Motivação , Adolescente , Uso do Telefone Celular , China , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Relações Pais-Filho , Estudantes
8.
J Inj Violence Res ; 11(2): 203-212, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256170

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of research examining the pattern of and factors that influence cell phone use while driving in Iran. This study aimed to report the prevalence of and factors related to cell phone use while driving based on the Theory of Planned Behavior, among a sample of college students in Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Kerman, Iran, in 2016. Participants volunteered to participate after the study was advertised. We used the Texting While Driving questionnaire (TWD) based on the theory of planned behavior for data collection and used SPSS 22 to calculate linear regression and Pearson correlation coefficients. RESULTS: Two hundred and fifty-seven (n= 257) students completed the questionnaire. Participants were between the ages of 18 and 47 years; 54.4% were females; 52.1% were single; 47.1% were undergraduate students, and 47.9% did not work. There was a significant relationship between intention toward sending and reading text messages while driving and gender, attitude, subjective norm, Perceived Behavioral Control (PBC), and moral norm. Also, there was a significant relation between willingness to send and read text messages while driving and PBC, subjective norm, group norm, and moral norm. For intention, personal factors were involved, and willingness was affected by both personal factors and friend/peer groups. CONCLUSIONS: Texting while driving is prevalent among college students in Kerman; and intention and willingness to do this, is affected by several factors. Our findings suggest needs for the individual and peer- group training, and increasing awareness about the dangers of using cell phones while driving among this sample.


Assuntos
Condução de Veículo/psicologia , Condução de Veículo/estatística & dados numéricos , Uso do Telefone Celular , Estudantes/psicologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Intenção , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Assunção de Riscos , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288491

RESUMO

Previous epidemiological studies on health effects of radiation exposure from mobile phones have produced inconsistent results. This may be due to experimental difficulties and various sources of uncertainty, such as statistical variability, measurement errors, and model uncertainty. An analytical technique known as the Monte Carlo simulation provides an additional approach to analysis by addressing uncertainty in model inputs using error probability distributions, rather than point-source data. The aim of this investigation was to demonstrate using Monte Carlo simulation of data from the ExPOSURE (Examination of Psychological Outcomes in Students using Radiofrequency dEvices) study to quantify uncertainty in the output of the model. Data were collected twice, approximately one year apart (between 2011 and 2013) for 412 primary school participants in Australia. Monte Carlo simulation was used to estimate output uncertainty in the model due to uncertainties in the call exposure data. Multiple linear regression models evaluated associations between mobile phone calls with cognitive function and found weak evidence of an association. Similar to previous longitudinal analysis, associations were found for the Go/No Go and Groton maze learning tasks, and a Stroop time ratio. However, with the introduction of uncertainty analysis, the results were closer to the null hypothesis.


Assuntos
Uso do Telefone Celular , Cognição , Método de Monte Carlo , Instituições Acadêmicas , Incerteza , Austrália , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Registros
10.
Accid Anal Prev ; 129: 108-118, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31150917

RESUMO

A current issue within the driver distraction community centres around different findings regarding the impact of mobile phone conversation on driving found in driving simulators versus instrumented vehicles employed in real-world naturalistic driving studies (NDSs). This paper compares and contrasts the two types of studies and aims to provide reasons for the differences in findings that have been documented. A comprehensive review of literature and consultations with human factors experts highlighted that simulator studies tend to show degradation in driving performance, suggestive of increased crash risk as a result of mobile phone conversation. Whilst NDSs, at times, present data suggesting that mobile phone conversation distraction actually reduces crash risk. This study identifies that these differences may be attributed to behavioural hypotheses associated with driver self-regulation, arousal from cognitive loading, task displacement and gaze concentration - all of which need to be explicitly tested in future driving studies. Metric estimation and application was also revealed to be polarising results and the subsequent assessment of the crash risk. A common metric applied in this domain is the 'Odds Ratio', particularly prevalent in NDSs. This study presents a detailed investigation into the assumptions and application of the Odds Ratio which revealed the potential for over- and under-estimation of the metric depending on the core data and sampling assumptions. Furthermore, this research presents a comparative analysis of select driving simulator studies and an NDS considering only driving behaviour data as a means to consistently compare the findings of both methodologies. The findings from this investigation implores the need for greater consistency in the application of analysis methods and metrics across both simulator and NDSs. Improvements can yield a more robust platform to systematically compare and interpret data across both approaches, ultimately leading to enhanced planning and safety regarding mobile phone use while driving.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , Uso do Telefone Celular/estatística & dados numéricos , Direção Distraída/psicologia , Acidentes de Trânsito/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Razão de Chances , Projetos de Pesquisa , Medição de Risco , Autocontrole/psicologia
11.
Midwifery ; 76: 142-147, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31207448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Women's use of mobile phones while in birth suite has been recognised as a common occurrence. However, no evidence has been reported around midwives' perceptions of how women's mobile phone use impacts midwifery care in birth suite. OBJECTIVE: To explore midwives' perceptions of women's mobile phone use and impact on care in the labour and birth environment. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study was undertaken. Transcriptions from focus groups were subjected to thematic analysis. FINDINGS: Ten focus groups involving 63 Australian midwives were conducted. Four key themes and corresponding subthemes were identified: 'considering consent' which encompassed the subthemes 'establishing boundaries' and 'taken by surprise'; 'competing with the phone' encompassing 'missing the experience' and 'delaying care'; 'being with woman' encompassing 'affecting relationships' and 'not my right to deny'; and finally 'bringing others into the room' with subthemes of 'keeping in touch' and 'seeking a second opinion'. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to explore midwives perceptions of women's mobile phone use and the impact on a midwife's ability to provide care in birth suite. Findings suggest that women's mobile phone use can influence the relationship between the midwife and the woman and contributes to delays in providing care. Midwives shared how they experienced tensions around their right to grant permission for their image to be recorded. Finally, mobile phones have allowed others not present in the birth suite to access women and influence their decision making. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: It is widely recognised women are bringing their mobile phones into the labour and birth environment. Therefore, it is important we explore midwives perceptions around the tensions and concerns that exist, so they can be addressed.


Assuntos
Entorno do Parto/enfermagem , Uso do Telefone Celular/efeitos adversos , Enfermeiras Obstétricas/psicologia , Percepção , Adulto , Feminino , Grupos Focais/métodos , Humanos , Tocologia/métodos , Gravidez , Gestantes/psicologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Austrália Ocidental
12.
BMC Res Notes ; 12(1): 352, 2019 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31227009

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of walking at different speeds while using a mobile phone on spatiotemporal stride parameters among young adults. Ten participants (7 male, 3 female; age = 24.7 ± 4.4 years, mean ± 1SD) completed 12 walking trials. Trials consisted of tasks performed at both normal and fast walking speeds-walking only, walking while texting, and walking while talking on a mobile phone. Gait velocity, stride length, cadence, and double support time were computed using data from accelerometers on either shoe. RESULTS: The effects of distracted walking were not significantly larger when performed at a self-selected fast walking speed compared with a normal walking speed. However, walking while texting produced significant decreases in gait velocity, stride length, and cadence, with a significant increase in double support time at both walking speeds. Moreover texting increased the size of the relative variability of walking, observed through a significant increase in the coefficient of variation of cadence, stride length, and double support time. The observed changes may be suggestive of compromised balance when walking while texting regardless of walking speed. This may place the individual at a greater risk of, slips, trips and falls.


Assuntos
Uso do Telefone Celular , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas , Caminhada/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Velocidade de Caminhada , Adulto Jovem
13.
Biochem Mol Biol Educ ; 47(5): 538-546, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31145544

RESUMO

Cell phones have long been known as a potential distraction from attention intensive activities such as studying and driving. Many, however, are developing the cell phone as a powerful tool to augment some of these same activities. Audience response systems (ARSs) are a type of teaching tool that allows educators to poll audience members in real time. Increasingly, cell phones are being integrated into ARSs to make them more versatile and affordable. As cell phones and other personal electronic devices (tablets, laptops) are becoming more common classroom learning tools, we sought to explore how student cell phone use is impacted by this change. Additionally, we studied how a student's seat location and how the time during a term impacts students' cell phone use. To measure student cell phone use in lecture, we observed introductory biology classes at the University of Washington and recorded when students' cell phones were visible. We found that students sitting in the back of the room showed an increased likelihood of having a cell phone out. However contrary to our expectations, students using personal device (cell phone) based polling technology were no more likely to be using cell phones during lecture than their peers using traditional ARSs. Our results suggest that the downsides to using cell phones as teaching tools may be limited. © 2019 The International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 47(5):538-546, 2019.


Assuntos
Automação , Uso do Telefone Celular , Telefone Celular , Aprendizagem , Ensino/educação , Avaliação Educacional , Humanos , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31027174

RESUMO

Distracted driving behaviors are closely related to crash risk, with the use of mobile phones during driving being one of the leading causes of accidents. This paper attempts to investigate the impact of cell phone use while driving on drivers' control behaviors. Given the limitation of driving simulators in an unnatural setting, a sample of 134 cases related to cell phone use during driving were extracted from Shanghai naturalistic driving study data, which provided massive unobtrusive data to observe actual driving process. The process of using mobile phones was categorized into five operations, including dialing, answering, talking and listening, hanging up, and viewing information. Based on the concept of moving time window, the variation of the intensity of control activity, the sensitivity of control operation, and the stability of control state in each operation were analyzed. The empirical results show strong correlation between distracted operations and driving control behavior. The findings contribute to a better understanding of drivers' natural behavior changes with using mobiles, and can provide useful information for transport safety management.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , Condução de Veículo/psicologia , Condução de Veículo/estatística & dados numéricos , Controle Comportamental/psicologia , Uso do Telefone Celular/estatística & dados numéricos , Telefone Celular/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
15.
Sex Reprod Healthc ; 19: 15-23, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30928130

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Based on the four-corner stone of population and development programmes recognized by ICPD (1994) this paper envisages the relationship between the recent waves of women's empowerment anduse of contraceptive methods in India. DATA AND METHODS: Findings are based on two rounds of NFHS (3 & 4). Liberson's Diversity Index has been used to assess the inequality in women's empowerment. Multiple regression analysis is used to portray the relationship and logistic regression is used to access the adjusted effects of various dimensions of women's empowerment on use of contraception. RESULTS: Varying degrees of equity in women's empowerment across different states of India builds a combative relationship with uptake of contraceptive methods. Results portray a positive association between inequality in household decision making, engaged in paid work in last 12 months and having 10 years of schooling with use of any modern method. Women who participated in household decision making (OR = 1.17 p < 0.005), using mobile phone (OR = 1.23 p < 0.005) and working and were paid in cash in last 12 months (OR = 1.37 p < 0.005) are significantly more likely to use any method of contraception. CONCLUSIONS: Status of women in India has improved in different dimensions, yet the patriarchal norms influence the decision of using contraception. The current women-centric bottom-top approach in implementation of family planning programme should focus at the women's right to decision on their own life and health. Such efforts should hinge at strengthening inter personal counseling and capacity building sessions by outreach workers, which may empower women with enhanced knowledge about their health and bodily rights.


Assuntos
Anticoncepção/estatística & dados numéricos , Relações Familiares , Adolescente , Adulto , Uso do Telefone Celular/estatística & dados numéricos , Anticoncepção/tendências , Tomada de Decisões , Escolaridade , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Características da Família , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Índia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
16.
Bioelectromagnetics ; 40(3): 143-149, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30875091

RESUMO

Over 20 years have passed since the initial spread of mobile phones in Japan. Epidemiological studies of mobile phone use are currently being conducted around the world, but scientific evidence is inconclusive. The present study aimed to simulate the incidence of malignant brain tumors in cohorts that began using mobile phones when they first became popular in Japan. Mobile phone ownership data were collected through an Internet-based questionnaire survey of subjects born between 1960 and 1989. The proportion of mobile phone ownership between 1990 and 2012 was calculated by birth cohort (1960s, 1970s, and 1980s). Subsequently, using the ownership proportion, the incidence of malignant brain tumors was calculated under simulated risk conditions. When the relative risk was set to 1.4 for 1,640 h or more of cumulative mobile phone use and the mean daily call duration was 15 min, the incidence of malignant brain tumors in 2020 was 5.48 per 100,000 population for the 1960s birth cohort, 3.16 for the 1970s birth cohort, and 2.29 for the 1980s birth cohort. Under the modeled scenarios, an increase in the incidence of malignant brain tumors was shown to be observed around 2020. © 2019 Bioelectromagnetics Society.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/epidemiologia , Uso do Telefone Celular/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Uso do Telefone Celular/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Estatísticos , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Traffic Inj Prev ; 20(2): 204-210, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30888875

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Motorcycle crashes are a significant road safety challenge, particularly in many low- and middle-income countries where motorcycles represent the vast majority of their vehicle fleet. Though risky riding behaviors, such as speeding and riding under the influence of alcohol, have been identified as important contributors to motorcycle crashes, little is understood about the effect of using a mobile phone while riding on motorcycle crash involvement. This article investigates crash involvement among motorcycle riders with risky riding behaviors, particularly using a mobile phone while riding. METHODS: Data were obtained from an online survey of university students' risky riding behaviors in Vietnam administered between March and May 2016 (n = 665). RESULTS: Results show that 40% of motorcycle riders reported to have experienced a crash/fall and nearly 24% of motorcycle riders indicated that they had been injured in a crash/fall. Effects of mobile phone use while riding on safety of motorcycle riders are highlighted. Specifically, more frequent use of a mobile phone for texting or searching for information while riding is associated with a higher chance of being involved in a crash/fall. The results also show that drink riding is associated with a higher chance of being injured. CONCLUSIONS: Overall this article reveals significant safety issues of using a mobile phone while riding a motorcycle, providing valuable insight for designing education and publicity campaigns.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , Uso do Telefone Celular/estatística & dados numéricos , Motocicletas , Assunção de Riscos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Universidades/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Motocicletas/estatística & dados numéricos , Mensagem de Texto/estatística & dados numéricos , Vietnã/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
18.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(3): 279-283, 2019 Mar 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30841667

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the correlation of health literacy and mobile phone use dependence with psychopathological symptoms in middle school students. Methods: 22 628 middle school students in Shenyang, Bengbu, Xinxiang, Ulanqab, Chongqing and Yangjiang were enrolled by multistage cluster sampling method from November 2015 to January 2016. Chinese Adolescent Interactive Health Literacy Questionnaire (CAIHLQ), Self-rating Questionnaire for Adolescent Problematic Mobile Phone Use (SQAPMPU) and Multidimensional Sub-health Questionnaire of Adolescents (MSQA) were applied to acquire basic characteristics, health literacy, mobile phone use dependence and psychopathological symptoms of subjects. Subjects were classified into three groups, low level (P(75)), according to the percentile of the questionnaire score. Multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the correlation of health literacy, mobile phone with psychopathological symptoms. Results: The students were (15.4±1.8) years old with 10 990 boys (48.6%). The score of health literacy of students were (104.1±18.7) points. The rate of mobile phone use dependence was 25.4% (5 752/22 628) and the rate of psychopathological symptoms was 29.1% (6 581/22 628). Compared with high health literacy level, medium and low health literacy levels were related to psychopathological symptoms, with OR (95%CI) about 2.30 (2.10-2.52) and 5.40 (4.89-5.97), respectively. Compared with mobile phone use independence, mobile phone use dependence was related to psychopathological symptoms, with OR (95%CI) about 3.60(3.37-3.85). The highest rate of psychopathological symptoms occurred in students with mobile phone use dependence and low health literacy level [68.0% (1 345/1 977)], with OR (95%CI) about 19.59 (17.07-22.48). Conclusion: Health literacy and mobile phone use dependence are related factors of psychopathological symptoms in middle school students.


Assuntos
Uso do Telefone Celular/estatística & dados numéricos , Alfabetização em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Recurso educacional aberto em Português | CVSP - Brasil | ID: cfc-377573

RESUMO

O uso excessivo de aparelhos como smartphones, tablets e até computadores e televisão pode prejudicar a visão. E nos dias de hoje, em que todos esses aparelhos fazem parte da nossa rotina e cada vez mais estamos constantemente olhando para uma tela, os efeitos nocivos à saúde dos olhos tendem a aparecer cada vez mais. Segundo a Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS), a miopia é a epidemia do século e o uso prolongado de celulares e computadores pode levar ao seu agravamento. A apresentadora Marcela Morato conversa com a oftalmologista da Sociedade Brasileira de Oftalmologia (SBO), Patrícia Contarini sobre o tema.


Assuntos
Uso do Telefone Celular , Equipamentos e Provisões Elétricas , Oftalmopatias , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Oculares , Microcomputadores
20.
PLoS One ; 14(2): e0211931, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30742683

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cervical cancer prevention is possible through use of the HPV vaccine and Pap tests, yet the vaccine remains underutilized. METHODS: We obtained publicly-available Twitter data from 2014 using three sampling strategies (top-ranked, simple random sample, and topic model) based on key words related to cervical cancer prevention. We conducted a content analysis of 100 tweets from each of the three samples and examined the extent to which the narratives and frequency of themes differed across samples. RESULTS: Advocacy-related tweets constituted the most prevalent theme to emerge across all three sample types, and were most frequently found in the top-ranked sample. A random sample detected the same themes as topic modeling, but the relative frequency of themes identified from topic modeling fell in-between top-ranked and random samples. DISCUSSION: Variations in themes uncovered by different sampling methods suggest it is useful to qualitatively assess the relative frequency of themes to better understand the breadth and depth of social media conversations about health. CONCLUSIONS: Future studies using social media data should consider sampling methods to uncover a wider breadth of conversations about health on social media.


Assuntos
Uso do Telefone Celular , Percepção , Mídias Sociais , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Distribuição Aleatória
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA