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1.
Instr Course Lect ; 69: 597-606, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32017754

RESUMO

Low back pain is one of the most common reasons for physician visits, leading to high heath care costs and disability. Patients may present to primary care physicians, pain management physicians, chiropractors, physical therapists, or surgeons with these complaints. A thorough history and physical examination coupled with judicious use of advanced imaging studies will aid in determining the etiology of the pain. As most cases of low back pain are self-limited and will not develop into chronic pain, nonsurgical treatment is the mainstay. First-line treatment includes exercise, superficial heat, massage, acupuncture, or spinal manipulation. Pharmacologic treatment should be reserved for patients unresponsive to nonpharmacologic treatment and may include NSAIDs or muscle relaxants. Surgery is reserved for patients with pain nonresponsive to a full trial of nonsurgical interventions and with imaging studies which are concordant with physical examination findings.


Assuntos
Dor Lombar , Vértebras Lombares , Cirurgiões Ortopédicos , Adulto , Humanos , Exame Físico , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Cirurgiões
2.
Instr Course Lect ; 69: 607-624, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32017755

RESUMO

Symptomatic lumbar disk herniation is abundantly common in adult patients and can cause significant pain and disability in those affected. Both surgical and nonsurgical treatment options exist for the management of this heterogeneous condition; thus, it is important that surgeons and other healthcare providers understand the appropriate indications for surgical treatment of patients with lumbar disk herniation. Though there is still lack of consensus regarding the optimal treatment of lumbar disk herniation in all situations, many principles and preferred techniques are agreed upon in the literature. In this chapter, we provide an in-depth overview of the anatomy and pathophysiology, natural history, physical examination, treatment decision making, surgical treatment options, and postoperative complications pertaining to lumbar disk herniation.


Assuntos
Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Vértebras Lombares , Adulto , Aconselhamento , Humanos , Dor , Exame Físico , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(3): 192-196, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32008285

RESUMO

Objectives: To evaluate the effect of minimally invasive lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF/OLIF) on the sagittal balance of adult degenerative scoliosis. Methods: From January 2014 to June 2017, a total of 23 patients with degenerative scoliosis underwent staged minimally invasive surgery in Shanghai Ruijin Hospital. All patients were implanted with LLIF or OLIF cage from the lateral approach first, and was followed by the posterior percutaneous pedicle screw fixation or pedicle screw fixation via Wiltse approach. If the sagittal deformity correction was not satisfactory after the first surgery, a posterior osteotomy can be performed during the second stage operation. A biplanar X-ray of the whole spine was taken with the EOS imaging system before and after surgery. The EOS software was used to measure and evaluate the patient's sagittal balance parameters including pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT), lumbar lordosis (LL), the sagittal vertical axis (SVA) and the coronal Cobb angle. The visual analogue scale (VAS) score for low back pain, the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) score were evaluated before and after surgery. Paired t test or repeated measures ANOVA was used to compare the data before and after surgery. Results: There were 6 males and 17 females with a mean age of (72±4) years (62-79 years). Nine patients were treated with LLIF and 14 patients with OLIF. Sixteen cases were implanted with three cages, five with two cages and two with four cages. The mean follow-up period was 24.2 months (15-42 months). After the first operation, the Cobb angle of the patient was significantly improved (18°±7° vs 33°±8°, t=13.2, P<0.01). All the parameters for sagittal balance, including PI-LL (20°±8° vs 31°±8(o)), SVA ((5.3±2.0) cm vs (8.2±3.5) cm), PT (16°±6° vs 23°±4°) were all significantly improved as well (t=6.8, 4.5, 9.0, ALL P<0.01). At the last follow-up, the VAS score of low back pain (3.4±1.1 vs 6.3±1.0) and ODI scores (27.3%±3.0% vs 47.1%±5.9%) were also significantly improved (t=11.3, 17.8, both P<0.01). No major complications occurred in this group. Conclusions: Minimally invasive LLIF/OLIF can significantly improve the coronal and sagittal balance of adult degenerative scoliosis. Staged minimally invasive surgery can significantly alleviate pain and improve function in these patients.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Escoliose/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , China , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escoliose/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Escala Visual Analógica
4.
Unfallchirurg ; 123(2): 143-154, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016493

RESUMO

Posttraumatic kyphotic deformities of the thoracolumbar spine may result in significant clinical complaints. If conservative treatment is not successful, surgical correction of the kyphosis becomes an option. In contrast to degenerative deformities, posttraumatic kyphotic deformities are usual limited to few segments and can be treated with shorter constructs. The surgical strategy depends on the rigidity and the localization of the posttraumatic kyphotic deformity. In this respect purely posterior approaches and combined posteroanterior surgical approaches are available each with different advantages and disadvantages.


Assuntos
Cifose , Fusão Vertebral , Traumatismos da Coluna Vertebral , Tratamento Conservador , Humanos , Cifose/etiologia , Cifose/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares , Osteotomia , Traumatismos da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Vértebras Torácicas , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(2): 261-267, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009441

RESUMO

AIMS: It is uncertain whether instrumented spinal fixation in nonambulatory children with neuromuscular scoliosis should finish at L5 or be extended to the pelvis. Pelvic fixation has been shown to be associated with up to 30% complication rates, but is regarded by some as the standard for correction of deformity in these conditions. The incidence of failure when comparing the most caudal level of instrumentation, either L5 or the pelvis, using all-pedicle screw instrumentation has not previously been reported. In this retrospective study, we compared nonambulatory patients undergoing surgery at two centres: one that routinely instrumented to L5 and the other to the pelvis. METHODS: In all, 91 nonambulatory patients with neuromuscular scoliosis were included. All underwent surgery using bilateral, segmental, pedicle screw instrumentation. A total of 40 patients underwent fusion to L5 and 51 had their fixation extended to the pelvis. The two groups were assessed for differences in terms of clinical and radiological findings, as well as complications. RESULTS: The main curve (MC) was a mean of 90° (40° to 141°) preoperatively and 46° (15° to 82°) at two-year follow-up in the L5 group, and 82° (33° to 116°) and 19° (1° to 60°) in the pelvic group (p < 0.001 at follow-up). Correction of MC and pelvic obliquity (POB) were statistically greater in the pelvic group (p < 0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in the operating time, blood loss, or complications. Loss of MC correction (> 10°) was more common in patients fixated to the pelvis (23% vs 3%; p = 0.032), while loss of pelvic obliquity correction was more frequent in the L5 group (25% vs 0%; p = 0.007). Risk factors for loss of correction (either POB or MC) included preoperative coronal imbalance (> 50 mm, odds ratio (OR) 11.5, 95%confidence interval (CI) 2.0 to 65; p = 0.006) and postoperative sagittal imbalance (> 25 mm, OR 11.0, 95% CI1.9 to 65; p = 0.008). CONCLUSION: We found that patients undergoing pelvic fixation had a greater correction of MC and POB. The rate of complications was not different. Preoperative coronal and postoperative sagittal imbalance were associated with increased risks of loss of correction, regardless of extent of fixation. Therefore, we recommend pelvic fixation in all nonambulatory children with neuromuscular scoliosis where coronal or sagittal imbalance are present preoperatively. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(2):261-267.


Assuntos
Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Sacro/cirurgia , Escoliose/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Limitação da Mobilidade , Parafusos Pediculares , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escoliose/complicações , Fusão Vertebral/instrumentação , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Praxis (Bern 1994) ; 109(2): 87-95, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32019459

RESUMO

Everyone Has Low Back Pain: Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Disorders and Their Treatment Options Abstract. Back pain is one of the most widespread diseases. Up to 84 % of people have low back pain at some point in their lives. Unspecific back pain is treated conservatively. As supportive measure, interventional pain therapy can be performed. Surgery for low back pain should be considered in selected cases only. However, accompanying neurological symptoms are frequent, such as radiation, i.e. sciatica. Typical etiologies are disc herniation or - increasingly frequent, and due to the aging population increasingly frequent - spinal canal stenosis. Surgery has a better prognosis in cases where conservative management failed. If severe neurological symptoms are present, surgery is indicated. Osteoporotic compression fractures cause acute back pain. The decision whether these patients should undergo kypho- or vertebroplasty should be based on guidelines.


Assuntos
Dor Lombar , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral , Estenose Espinal , Idoso , Humanos , Dor Lombar/etiologia , Dor Lombar/terapia , Vértebras Lombares , Prognóstico , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/terapia , Estenose Espinal/complicações , Estenose Espinal/terapia
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(6): e19053, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028424

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Traditionally, transpedicular approach was used in the treatment of osteoporotic lumbar compression fracture. In order to avoid the risks of pedicle disruption and spinal canal intrusion, extrapedicular approache has been attempted. The aim of the article is to present the modified extrapedicular kyphoplasty technique for the treatment of osteoporotic lumbar compression fracture. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 62-year-old woman suffered from severe low back pain after an accidental fall 10 days ago. Low back pain was obvious when turning over and getting out of bed. It was not relieved after bed rest and conservative treatment. Visual analog scale (VAS) of low back pain was 8 points and Oswestry disability index score was 80%. DIAGNOSIS: Magnetic resonance imaging showed osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture of L2 and L3. INTERVENTIONS: We performed modified extrapedicular kyphoplasty for the patient. The technique has a standardized operating procedure. The puncture point of skin is determined according to preoperative computer tomography and X-ray. The puncture point of vertebral body is located at the outer upper edge of the pedicle. The puncture direction is from the upper edge of the pedicle to the lower edge of the contralateral pedicle. OUTCOMES: The operation time was 20 minutes. The intraoperative blood loss was 5 mL. The amount of bone cement was 4 mL in L2 and 5 mL in L3. VAS of low back pain was 2 points in 1 day after surgery. Preoperative symptoms were significantly improved. LESSONS: Modified extrapedicular kyphoplasty is a safe and effective technique for the treatment of osteoporotic lumbar compression fracture, which should be promoted and applied.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Cifoplastia/métodos , Vértebras Lombares/lesões , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Feminino , Fraturas por Compressão/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Radiografia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(5): e18781, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000379

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A large number of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have shown that traditional Chinese exercises (TCE) have certain advantages in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation (LDH). However, due to the diversity of TCE methods, their relative effectiveness has not been studied and explained. Therefore, based on the network meta-analysis (NMA), this study will compare the differences in the effectiveness of TCE methods in the treatment of LDH, in order to provide a reference for clinical treatment. METHODS: We will search PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CHKD-CNKI), WANFANG database (Chinese Medicine Premier), Chinese Biomedical Literature database VIP for relevant RCTs of ACU treatments for POP, from their inceptions to March 18, 2019. STATA 15.0 and GEMTC software will be used to perform a NMA. The evidence will be evaluated by the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation approach and the type 1 error rate will be assessed by trial sequential analysis. RESULTS: The results of this review will be submitted to a recognized journal for publication. CONCLUSION: This proposed systematic review will evaluate the different advantages of various types of TCE in the treatment of LDH.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Exercício e de Movimento , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/terapia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares , Metanálise como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(5): e18885, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000392

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The difference between topping-off technique and posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) in postoperative outcomes is still controversial. The aim of this study is to compare all available data on outcomes of topping-off technique and PLIF in the treatment of chronic low back pain. METHODS: Articles in PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane were reviewed. Parameters included radiographical adjacent segment disease (RASD), clinical adjacent segment disease, range of motion (ROM), global lumbar lordosis (GLL), visual analog scale (VAS), visual analog scale of back, (VAS-B) and visual analog scale leg (VAS-L), Oswestry disability index, Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, duration of surgery, estimated blood loss (EBL), reoperation rates, complication rates. RESULTS: Rates of proximal RASD (P = .001) and CASD (P = .03), postoperative VAS-B (P = .0001) were significantly lower in topping-off group than that in PLIF group. There was no significant difference in distal RASD (P = .07), postoperative GLL (P = .71), postoperative upper intervertebral ROM (P = .19), postoperative VAS-L (P = .08), DOI (P = .30), postoperative JOA (P = .18), EBL (P = .21) and duration of surgery (P = .49), reoperation rate (P = .16), complication rates (P = .31) between topping-off group and PLIF. CONCLUSIONS: Topping-off can effectively prevent the adjacent segment disease from progressing after lumbar internal fixation, which is be more effective in proximal segments. Topping-off technique was more effective in improving subjective feelings of patents rather than objective motor functions. However, no significant difference between topping-off technique and PLIF can be found in the rates of complications.


Assuntos
Dor Lombar/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral , Doença Crônica , Humanos
10.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(1): 69-75, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939238

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the effectiveness and screw planting accuracy of percutaneous reduction and internal fixation with robot and traditional fluoroscopy-assisted in the treatment of single-level thoracolumbar fractures without neurological symptoms. Methods: The clinical data of 58 patients with single-level thoracolumbar fractures without neurological symptoms between December 2016 and January 2018 were retrospectively analysed. According to different surgical methods, the patients were divided into group A (28 cases underwent robot-assisted percutaneous reduction and internal fixation) and group B (30 cases underwent fluoroscopy-assisted percutaneous reduction and internal fixation). There was no neurological symptoms, other fractures or organ injuries in the two groups. There was no significant difference in general data of age, gender, fracture location, AO classification, time from injury to surgery, and preoperative vertebral anterior height ratio, sagittal Cobb angle, visual analogue scale (VAS) score, and Oswestry disability index (ODI) score between the two groups ( P>0.05). The screw placement time, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency, hospitalization time, operation cost, postoperative complications, VAS score, ODI score, anterior vertebral height ratio, and sagittal Cobb angle before operation, at 3 days, 6 months after operation, and at last follow-up were recorded and compared between the two groups. The accuracy of the pedicle screw placement was evaluated by Neo's criteria. Results: The screw placement time, operation time, and intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency of group A were significantly less than those of group B, and the operation cost was significantly higher than that of group B ( P<0.05). But there was no significant difference in intraoperative blood loss and hospitalization time between the two groups ( P>0.05). Both groups were followed up 12-24 months, with an average of 15.2 months. The accuracy rate of screw placement in groups A and B was 93.75% (150/160) and 84.71% (144/170), respectively, and the difference was significant ( χ 2=5.820, P=0.008). Except for 1 case of postoperative superficial infection in group A and wound healing after dressing change, there was no complication such as neurovascular injury, screw loosening and fracture in both groups, and there was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between the two groups ( χ 2=0.625, P=0.547). The anterior vertebral height ratio, sagittal Cobb angle, VAS score, and ODI score of the two groups were significantly improved ( P<0.05); there was no significant difference between the two groups at all time points after operation ( P>0.05). Conclusion: The spinal robot and traditional fluoroscopy-assisted percutaneous reduction and internal fixation can both achieve satisfactory effectiveness in the treatment of single-level thoracolumbar fractures without neurological symptoms. However, the former has higher accuracy, fewer fluoroscopy times, shorter time of screw placement, and lower technical requirements for the operator. It has wide application potential.


Assuntos
Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Parafusos Pediculares , Robótica , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Fluoroscopia , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vértebras Torácicas , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(1): 76-82, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939239

RESUMO

Objective: To compare short-term effectiveness between robot-guided percutaneous minimally invasive pedicle screw internal fixation and traditional open internal fixation in the treatment of thoracolumbar fractures. Methods: The clinical data of 52 cases of thoracolumbar fracture without neurological injury symptoms admitted between January 2018 and May 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the different surgical methods, they were divided into minimally invasive group (24 cases, treated with robot-assisted percutaneous minimally invasive pedicle screw internal fixation) and open group (28 cases, treated with traditional open internal fixation). There was no significant difference between the two groups in the general data such as gender, age, cause of injury, fracture segment, thoracolumbar injury classification and severity score (TLICS), preoperative back pain visual analogue scale (VAS) score, Oswestry disability index (ODI) score, fixed segment height, and fixed segment kyphosis Cobb angle ( P>0.05). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and hospitalization time of the two groups were recorded and compared; as well as the VAS score, ODI score, fixed segment height, and fixed segment kyphosis Cobb angle of the two groups before operation and at 3 days, 1 month, 6 months, and 10 months after operation. CT scan was reexamined at 1-3 days after operation, and the pedicle screw insertion accuracy rate was determined and calculated according to Gertzbein-Robbins classification standard. Results: The operation time of the minimally invasive group was significantly longer than that of the open group, but the intraoperative blood loss and hospitalization time were significantly shorter than those of the open group ( P<0.05). There were 132 pedicle screws and 158 pedicle screws implanted in the minimally invasive group and the open group respectively. According to the Gertzbein-Robbins classification standard, the accuracy of pedicle screws was 97.7% (129/132) and 96.8% (153/158), respectively, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( χ 2=0.505, P=0.777). The patients in both groups were followed up 10 months, and there was no rejection or internal fixation fracture. In the minimally invasive group, the internal fixator was removed at 10 months after operation, but not in the open group. The VAS score, ODI score, fixed segment heigh, and fixed segment kyphotic Cobb angle of the two groups were improved in different degrees when compared with preoperative ones ( P<0.05). Except that the VAS score and ODI score of the minimally invasive group were significantly better than those of the open group at 3 days after operation ( P<0.05), there was no significant difference between the two groups at other time points ( P>0.05). Conclusion: Robot-assisted percutaneous minimally invasive pedicle screw internal fixation for thoracolumbar fractures has significant advantages in intraoperative blood loss, hospitalization time, and early postoperative effectiveness and other aspects, and the effect of fracture reduction is good.


Assuntos
Parafusos Pediculares , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Robótica , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vértebras Torácicas , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18555, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895797

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a common and frequently-occurring disease in the elderly. Percutaneous endoscopic decompression (PED) has become the first choice for the treatment of LSS because of its small wound, mild pain and rapid recovery. The surgical approaches are mainly divided into percutaneous interlaminar approach and transforaminal approach. However, these two surgical approaches have their own advantages, disadvantages and indications. Hence, the present study aims to synthesize the available direct and indirect evidence of transforaminal approach and interlaminar approach to prove their respective advantages and disadvantages. METHODS: The following databases will be searched: Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, CNKI, Wanfang data, and China Biomedical Literature Database (CBM). The search dates will be set from the inception to November 2019. Two researchers independently screened the literature, extracted the data and assessed the risk of bias in the included studies. The efficacy outcomes including: Back and Leg Visual Analog Scale (VAS) score, the MacNab criteria, the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score. The safety outcomes including: incidence of complications (dura tear, incomplete decompression, reoperation, etc.). The meta-analysis will be conducted using Stata 12.0 software. Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) will be used to assess evidence quality. RESULTS: The results of this meta-analysis will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSION: The meta-analysis will provide a comprehensive summary of the evidence for 2 approaches to PED in patients with LSS. PROTOCOL REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019128080.


Assuntos
Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Endoscopia/métodos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Estenose Espinal/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metanálise como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(2): e18202, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914013

RESUMO

To observe thoracolumbar segmental mobility using kinetic magnetic resonance imaging (kMRI) in patients with minimal thoracolumbar spondylosis and establish normal values for translational and angular segmental motion as well as the relative contribution of each segment to total thoracolumbar segmental motion in order to obtain a more complete understanding of this segmental motion in healthy and pathological conditions.Mid-sagittal images obtained by weight-bearing, multi-position kMRI in patients with symptomatic low back pain or radiculopathy were reviewed. The translational motion and angular variation of each segment from T10-L2 were calculated using MRAnalyzer Automated software. Only patients with a Pfirrmann grade of I or II, indicating minimal disc disease, for all thoracolumbar discs from T10-T11 to L1-L2 were included for further analysis.The mean translational motion measurements for each level of the lumbar spine were 1.15 mm at T10-T11, 1.20 mm at T11-T12, 1.23 mm at T12-L1, and 1.34 mm at L1-L2 (P < .05 for L1-L2 vs T10-T11). The mean angular motion measurements at each level were 3.26° at T10-T11, 3.92° at T11-T12, 4.95° at T12-L1, and 6.85° at L1-L2. The L1-L2 segment had significantly more angular motion than all other levels (P < .05). The mean percentage contribution of each level to the total angular mobility of the thoracolumbar spine was highest at L1-L2 (36.1%) and least at T10-T11 (17.1%; P < .01).Segmental motion was greatest in the proximal lumbar levels, and angular motion showed a gradually increasing trend from T10 to L2.


Assuntos
Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Espondilose/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Torácicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/classificação , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Cinética , Dor Lombar/patologia , Vértebras Lombares/patologia , Vértebras Lombares/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Espondilose/fisiopatologia , Vértebras Torácicas/patologia , Vértebras Torácicas/fisiopatologia , Suporte de Carga , Adulto Jovem
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(2): e18682, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914065

RESUMO

Proximal junctional failure (PJF) is the greatest challenge after posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of percutaneous cement injection (PCI) for PJF after PLIF patients requiring surgical revision.In this retrospective clinical study, we reviewed 7 patients requiring surgical revision for PJF after PLIF with 18 months follow-up. They received PCI at the collapsed vertebral body and supra-adjacent vertebra, with or without intervertebral disc intervention. The outcome measures were radiographic findings and revision surgery. Two different radiographic parameters (wedging rate (%) of the fractured vertebral body and local kyphosis angle) were used, and were performed before and immediately after PCI, and 18 month after the PCI.In our study, we showed that 5 of 7 patients who experienced PJF after PLIF did not receive any revision surgery after PCI. Immediately after cement injection, the anterior wedging rate (%) and the local kyphosis angle were significantly improved (P = .018, P = .028). The anterior wedging rates (%) and local kyphosis angle, at pre-PCI, immediate after PCI, and at final follow-up, were not significantly different between the non-revision surgery and revision surgery groups.Five of 7 patients who experienced PJF after PLIF did not receive revision surgery after PCI. Considering that general anesthesia and open surgery are high-risk procedures for geriatric patients, our results suggest that non-surgical PCI could be a viable alternative treatment option for PJF.SMC2017-01-011-001. Retrospectively registered 18 January 2017.


Assuntos
Cimentos para Ossos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Polimetil Metacrilato/administração & dosagem , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(4): e18603, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977851

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO) is a highly unusual disease with enormous difficulties in clinical diagnosis and curative managements. The objective of this study is to report a very rare case who underwent surgical treatment of recurrent spinal phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor. The management of these unique cases has yet to be further elucidated. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 52-year-old man presented with a 3-year history of back pain and 1-year history of continuous and progressive systemic bone pain. The patient, who had been diagnosed of TIO for 3 years, received surgical treatment of extended resection of spinal phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor at L5. Somatostatin receptor tomography revealed the expression of somatostatin in the spine increased significantly, with high suspicion of recurrent phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor. DIAGNOSIS: Magnetic resonance imaging of spine and positron emission tomography-computed tomography showed the mass in L5, which was highly indicative of the recurrent pathogenic tumor. Postoperative pathology confirmed the diagnosis of phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor in the spinal region. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent posterior L5 tumor resection, bone cement reconstruction, L4-S1 spinal canal decompression, and L3-S2 internal fixation. OUTCOMES: The patient's symptoms improved significantly after the surgery, and we noticed that his hypophosphatemia was successfully corrected after the 2nd operation. Follow-up at 1 month after surgery revealed no recurrence, and the serum phosphorus level of the patient turned to be normal postoperatively. There were no complications associated with the operation during the follow-up period. LESSONS: Taken together, the lesion's clinical features, imaging results, and pathologic characteristics are unique. Combined efforts of specialists from orthopedics, endocrinology, nuclear medicine, radiology, pathology, and medical oncology led to the successful diagnosis and management of this patient. TIO, although rare, should be part of the differential diagnosis when the patient has a history of hypophosphatemia and systemic multiple bone pain. We recommend surgical treatment of the phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor in the spinal region. Osteoplasty by bone cement may be a treatment option for patients with TIO who cannot undergo appropriate surgery or decline open surgery.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Tecido Conjuntivo/etiologia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Humanos , Hipofosfatemia/etiologia , Vértebras Lombares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias de Tecido Conjuntivo/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Tecido Conjuntivo/cirurgia
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(4): e18944, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977911

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Direct repair of the pars defect in lumbar spondylolysis is an effective surgical procedure, but it is technically challenging. We assessed the feasibility of a new robotic system for intralaminar screw fixation of spondylolysis. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 26-year-old man complained about frequent low back pain after failed conservative treatments. DIAGNOSIS: The lumbar computed tomography images demonstrated the presence of bilateral spondylolysis at the L5 level, with no spondylolisthesis. INTERVENTIONS: We performed one surgery of direct intralaminar screw fixation under the guidance of the TiRobot system. The trajectory of the screw was planned based on intraoperative 3-dimensional radiographic images. Then, the robotic arm spontaneously moved to guide the guide wires and screw insertion. OUTCOMES: Bilateral L5 intralaminar screws were safely and accurately placed. No intraoperative complications occurred. Postoperative computed tomography showed good radiological results, without cortical perforation. CONCLUSION: We report the first case of robot-assisted direct intralaminar screw fixation for spondylolysis using the TiRobot system. Robotic guidance for direct repair of spondylolysis could be feasible.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Espondilólise/cirurgia , Adulto , Parafusos Ósseos , Humanos , Dor Lombar/etiologia , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Masculino , Espondilólise/diagnóstico por imagem
17.
World Neurosurg ; 133: 185-187, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606509

RESUMO

We report a rare case of bony diastematomyelia associated with intraspinal teratoma. The patient was surgically treated with bony diastematomyelia and intradural teratoma resection, followed by lumbar duroplasty, and posterior fusion from L2-L4 in order to maintain the spinal stability of the approached segments. Despite the risks, it was necessary to perform early surgical treatment because of rapid neurologic deterioration. The patient had a good postoperative outcome.


Assuntos
Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Defeitos do Tubo Neural/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Teratoma/cirurgia , Vértebras Torácicas/cirurgia , Adulto , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Defeitos do Tubo Neural/complicações , Defeitos do Tubo Neural/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Medula Espinal/complicações , Neoplasias da Medula Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Teratoma/complicações , Teratoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Torácicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
World Neurosurg ; 133: e690-e694, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568911

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Adjacent segment disease (ASD) is a long-term complication of lumbar spinal fusion. This study aims to evaluate demographic and operative factors that influence development of ASD after fusion for lumbar degenerative pathologies. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on patients undergoing instrumented lumbar fusion for degenerative disorders (spondylolisthesis, stenosis, or intervertebral disk degeneration) with a minimum follow-up of 6 months. RESULTS: Our inclusion criteria were met by 568 patients; 29.4% of patients had developed surgical ASD. Median follow-up was 2.8 years. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that decompression of segments outside the fusion construct had higher ASD (odds ratio = 2.6; P < 0.001), and those undergoing fusion for spondylolisthesis had lower ASD (odds ratio = 0.47; P = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: Results of our study show that the most important surgical factor contributing to ASD is decompression beyond fused levels. Hence caution should be exercised when decompressing spinal segments outside the fusion construct. Conversely, spondylolisthesis patients had the lowest ASD rates in our cohort.


Assuntos
Descompressão Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
19.
World Neurosurg ; 133: e619-e626, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568914

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although postoperative urinary retention (POUR) is common after spine surgery, the association of this adverse event with other morbidities and patient-reported outcomes is not fully understood. We sought to examine the sequelae of POUR after lumbar spine surgery. METHODS: The Michigan Spine Surgery Improvement Collaborative (MSSIC) is a large prospective multicenter registry. MSSIC was queried with multivariate analysis for factors that are associated with POUR, the association of POUR with 90-day adverse events, and the effect of POUR on 2-year patient-reported outcomes and satisfaction. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis identified hardware revision (odds ratio [OR], 0.61), 1 operative level (OR, 0.74), and ambulation on postoperative day zero (OR, 0.65) to be protective for POUR. Factors associated with POUR included age (OR, 1.19), male gender (OR, 1.58), body mass index <25 (OR, 1.22), diabetes (OR, 1.28), coronary artery disease (OR, 1.20), fusion surgery (OR, 1.27), and longer surgery (OR, 1.11). Patients who had POUR were more likely to be readmitted, develop a urinary tract infection, and develop an infection (P < 0.001). POUR was associated with decreased likelihood of achieving Oswestry Disability Index minimal clinically important difference at 90 days (P < 0.001), but not at 1 year after surgery. POUR was associated with dissatisfaction with surgery at 90 days (P < 0.001), 1 year (P = 0.004), and 2 years after surgery (P = 0.011). CONCLUSIONS: POUR is common after lumbar spine surgery, and the demographic, diagnostic, and surgical factors that are associated with POUR are identified. POUR is associated with several adverse events, and patients who have POUR were less likely to be satisfied with surgery up to 2 years after surgery.


Assuntos
Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Retenção Urinária/epidemiologia , Retenção Urinária/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares , Masculino , Michigan , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco
20.
World Neurosurg ; 133: e26-e30, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31398523

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to report the clinical outcome of stand-alone lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) on recurrent disk herniation and to compare the outcome of stand-alone LLIF to that of conventional transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF). METHODS: A retrospective study of 47 patients with recurrent disk herniation was included from January 2008 to October 2016. The inclusion criteria were 1) with recurrent disk herniation that needs revision surgery, 2) with only 1 previous percutaneous endoscopic lumbar diskectomy surgery, 3) underwent 1-level stand-alone LLIF or 1-level TLIF surgery, and 4) with follow-up more than 1 year. Patients were asked to complete the following questionnaires for outcome evaluation: visual analog scales (VAS) for both low back pain and leg pain, the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and the 12-item Short-Form Health Survey. RESULTS: Eighteen patients underwent stand-alone LLIF, and 29 patients underwent TLIF surgery. Radiographic analysis revealed a similar baseline and postoperative lumbar lordosis in both the LLIF and TLIF groups. Two weeks after surgery, the ODI and VAS scores showed a significant decrease in both groups. The TLIF group showed significantly larger postoperative VAS back pain after surgery (P = 0.03). For both VAS leg pain and ODI score during follow-up, no significance difference was found between the LLIF and TLIF groups. CONCLUSIONS: Stand-alone LLIF is a safe and effective approach with low morbidity and acceptable complication rates for patients with recurrent disk herniation after a previous percutaneous endoscopic lumbar diskectomy surgery. Compared with the TLIF procedure, LLIF could achieve a similar improvement of patient-reported outcome with a better VAS back pain score.


Assuntos
Discotomia Percutânea/métodos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Neuroendoscopia/métodos , Reoperação/métodos , Idoso , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Dor Lombar/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Manejo da Dor , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ciática/etiologia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
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