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1.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(9): 1009-1014, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051413

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of HBV infection on PTEN expression, and to explore the possible molecular mechanisms. METHODS: HepG2 cells and HepG2.2.15 cells were cultured under suitable conditions for 48 hours, and the expressions of PTEN, Nrf2 and pGSK3ß in HepG2 and HepG2.2.15 cells were detected by Western blotting. After the blank plasmid (EV) and the plasmid pWXL-Nrf2 were transiently transfected into HepG2 and HepG2.2.15 cells, respectively, the HepG2 and HepG2.2.15 cells were treated with the selective inhibitor of GSK3ß (25 nmol/L LiCl). After 48 h, the expressions of Nrf2, pGSK3ß and PTEN in HepG2 and HepG2.2.15 cells were examined by Western blotting. RESULTS: Expression of PTEN was reduced and the levels of Nrf2 and pGSK3ß were increased in HepG2.2.15 cells compared with those in the HepG2 cells (all P<0.05). After transfection with pWXL-Nrf2, the protein expression of Nrf2 and pGSK3ß in cells were significantly increased while the protein expression of PTEN was decreased (all P<0.05). Furthermore, LiCl treatment up-regulated the protein expression of Nrf2 and pGSK3ß, and eventually suppressed the production of PTEN (all P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: HBV may down-regulate PTEN expression via Nrf2/GSK3ß signaling pathway, which may provide new ideas for the targeting therapy of hepatocellular carcinoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/genética , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Humanos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22642, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019490

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Reactivation of hepatitis B virus (HBV) after treatment with bortezomib-based regimens in HBV-positive patients with multiple myeloma (MM) has been reported in the past few years. Nevertheless, there is evidence of inhibition of HBV replication by bortezomib in transgenic mice. However, there is still no clinical evidence that bortezomib inhibits HBV. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 55-year-old MM patient with a family history of MM, who was also a chronic HBV carrier, achieved HBV clearance after treatment with a bortezomib-based regimen in combination with anti-HBV drugs. DIAGNOSES: The diagnosis was MM with chronic carrier of HBV. INTERVENTIONS: He received bortezomib-based regimen for MM as well as entecavir as a prophylaxis to prevent HBV reactivation. OUTCOMES: This patient achieved HBsAg and HBV-DNA clearance after 2 months and the remission was maintained during the next 2 years. He also achieved complete remission of MM and underwent consolidation therapy with autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. LESSONS: This is the first case of MM with HBV clearance after receiving a bortezomib-based regimen combined with anti-HBV drug. Research on related mechanisms might provide new suggestions and hope for better management of HBV positive patients with MM and for the treatment of HBV patients.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Bortezomib/uso terapêutico , Guanina/análogos & derivados , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Protocolos Clínicos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Guanina/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/efeitos dos fármacos , Vírus da Hepatite B/efeitos dos fármacos , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite B Crônica/prevenção & controle , Hepatite B Crônica/virologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transplante Autólogo/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e200006, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32997000

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) - characterized by the absence of detectable HBsAg in the presence of HBV DNA - represents a potential threat for blood safety. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted with the aim to investigate the serological and molecular characterization of occult HBV infection (OBI) among blood donors in Mozambique. METHODS: 1,502 blood donors were tested for HBsAg. All HBsAg-negative individuals were tested for HBV DNA. Antibodies against HBV core, surface and HBe antigen (anti-HBc, anti-HBs, HBeAg) were measured in HBV DNA positive individuals. FINDINGS: 1435 serum samples were HBsAg negative and 16 positive for HBV DNA, 14 confirmed to have OBI, corresponding to a frequency of 0.98%. Of the 14 OBI infections identified, 13/14 (92.8%) were positive for anti-HBc, 4/14 (28.5%) for anti-HBs, and no samples were reactive for HBeAg. Of the 14 OBI cases, nine samples (64.2%) were sequenced for the S/P region. Eight samples (88.9%) belonged to genotype A1 and one (11.1%) to genotype E. One escape mutation (T123A) associated with OBI and various amino acid substitutions for genotype A1 and E were observed. MAIN CONCLUSIONS: Our results show the importance of using nucleic acid amplification test to detect occult hepatitis B infection in blood donors in Mozambique.


Assuntos
Doadores de Sangue , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/sangue , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Vírus da Hepatite B/isolamento & purificação , Hepatite B/diagnóstico , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , DNA Viral , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Moçambique , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
4.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0236704, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32790777

RESUMO

The hepatitis B virus (HBV) envelope is composed of a lipid bilayer and three glycoproteins, referred to as the large (L), middle (M), and small (S) hepatitis B virus surface antigens (HBsAg). S protein constitutes the major portion of the viral envelope and an even greater proportion of subviral particles (SVP) that circulate in the blood. Recombinant S proteins are currently used as a preventive vaccine, while plasma fractions isolated from vaccinated people, referred to as hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG), are used for short-term prophylaxis. Here, we characterized a recombinant human IgG1 type anti-S antibody named Lenvervimab regarding its binding property to a variety of cloned S antigens. Immunochemical data showed an overall consistent avidity of the antibody to S antigens of most viral genotypes distributed worldwide. Further, antibody binding was not affected by the mutations in the antigenic 'a' determinant found in many clinical variants, including the immune escape mutant G145R. In addition, mutations in the S gene sequence that confer drug resistance to the viral polymerase did not interfere with the antibody binding. These results support for a preventive use of the antibody against HBV infection.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite B/imunologia , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/genética , Vírus da Hepatite B/metabolismo , Imunoglobulinas/imunologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Reações Antígeno-Anticorpo , Linhagem Celular , Farmacorresistência Viral , Genótipo , Células Hep G2 , Hepatite B/patologia , Hepatite B/virologia , Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite B/metabolismo , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/química , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/imunologia , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Vírus da Hepatite B/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas/genética , Imunoglobulinas/metabolismo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteínas Recombinantes/biossíntese , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/isolamento & purificação
5.
PLoS Pathog ; 16(8): e1008802, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32822428

RESUMO

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a worldwide health problem without curative treatments. Investigation of the regulation of HBV biosynthesis by class I and II histone deacetylases (HDACs) demonstrated that catalytically active HDAC5 upregulates HBV biosynthesis. HDAC5 expression increased both the stability and splicing of the HBV 3.5 kb RNA without altering the translational efficiency of the viral pregenomic or spliced 2.2 kb RNAs. Together, these observations point to a broader role of HDAC5 in regulating RNA splicing and transcript stability while specifically identifying a potentially novel approach toward antiviral HBV therapeutic development.


Assuntos
Genoma Viral , Vírus da Hepatite B/metabolismo , Hepatite B/virologia , Histona Desacetilases/metabolismo , Estabilidade de RNA , RNA Viral/biossíntese , RNA Viral/química , Regulação Viral da Expressão Gênica , Células Hep G2 , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Histona Desacetilases/genética , Humanos , Transcrição Genética , Replicação Viral
9.
Anticancer Res ; 40(7): 3983-3990, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32620641

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Few studies have studied micro hepatic vein invasion in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We explored the correlation between hepatic vein invasion and hepatitis B/C virus infection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between April 2000 and February 2018, 869 patients underwent liver resection for HCC at a single center. The patients were divided into two groups: those with micro hepatic vein invasion (VV+) and those without (VV-). The clinical data, overall survival (OS) and correlations with the presence of hepatitis B and C viruses were investigated. RESULTS: There were 817 VV- patients and 43 VV+ patients. OS was 66.2 months for VV- patients and 9.9 months for VV+ patients (p=0.0010). VV+ patients had significantly higher levels of serum HBV DNA (p=0.016). CONCLUSION: HCC patients with micro hepatic vein invasion showed significantly shorter OS. A higher level of HBV DNA appears to be a risk factor for micro hepatic vein invasion.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Veias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos Virais/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , DNA Viral/sangue , Feminino , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepacivirus/imunologia , Hepatite B/patologia , Hepatite B/virologia , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Vírus da Hepatite B/imunologia , Hepatite C/patologia , Hepatite C/virologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
10.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 552, 2020 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32727389

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections are a severe health concern worldwide. HBV is a DNA virus with a rapid rate of mutation. Based on heterogeneity of the nucleotide sequence, the HBV strains are divided into nine genotypes, each with a characteristic geographical distribution. Identifying and tracking alterations of HBV genotypes is important in epidemiological and transmission studies, and contributes to predicting the risk for development of severe liver disease and response to antiviral treatment. The present study was undertaken to detect HBV genotypes and sub-genotypes in the general population of different states and regions in Myanmar. METHODS: In 2015, a total of 5547 adults of the general population, residing in seven states, seven regions and the Nay Pyi Taw Union Territory, were screened for Hepatitis B Surface antigen (HBsAg) by the immunochromatographic test (ICT). Of the 353 HBsAg positive samples, the HBVDNA was identified using polymerase chain reactions (PCR) targeting the DNA sequences encoding the Pre-S region. A total of 153 PCR positive samples were subsequently subjected to genotyping by partial genome sequencing in both directions. The resulting sequences were then edited, aligned, and compared with reference sequences using the National Centre for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) web-based genotyping tool. RESULTS: Three HBV genotypes (HBV genotype B, genotype C and genotype D) were detected in Myanmar, of which genotype HBV genotype C (66.7%) was the most prevalent, followed by HBV genotype D (32%) and HBV genotype B (1.3%). Sub-genotyping revealed a total of 7 variants within the B, C and D genotypes: 2 (B4 and B5) in HBV genotype B, 3 (C1, C5 and C7) in HBV genotype C, and 2 (D3 and D6) in HBV genotype D. CONCLUSION: HBV genotype C, sub-genotype C1 was predominantly distributed in all states and regions of Myanmar. This study is the first report on the nationwide distribution of HBV genotypes and sub-genotypes in Myanmar. We believe our findings will enable huge support for the hepatitis disease surveillance program, since HBV infection is one of the National Priority Diseases in Myanmar.


Assuntos
Genótipo , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Adulto , Sequência de Bases , Cromatografia de Afinidade , Estudos Transversais , DNA Viral/genética , Feminino , Hepatite B/sangue , Hepatite B/virologia , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/sangue , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/imunologia , Vírus da Hepatite B/imunologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mianmar/epidemiologia , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Prevalência , Adulto Jovem
11.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 509, 2020 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32664850

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Complete clearance of intracellular viruses depends on effector cells of innate and adaptive immune systems. This study aimed to identify the relationships among antiviral cytokines produced by natural killer (NK) and T cells and clinical-virological characteristics in untreated chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. METHODS: We measured antiviral cytokines interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and interleukin-2 (IL-2) produced by T, NK and natural killer T (NKT) cells, respectively, in a cohort with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (CHB). We also correlated these cytokines with clinical-virological characteristics using a linear regression model. RESULTS: levels of IFN-γ+ and TNF-α+ CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were significantly higher in immune active (IA) phase than in other phases. Immune tolerant (IT) patients showed the lowest expression of IFN-γ by NK and NKT cells, and TNF-α by NK cells. IFN-γ+, TNF-α+ and IL-2+ CD4+ and CD8+ T cells frequencies were similar between IA and gray zone (GZ) phases. Principal component analysis based on cytokines confirmed that most IT patients significantly differed from inactive carriers (IC) and IA patients, while GZ patients were widely scattered. Multivariate analysis showed both T and NK cells producing IFN-γ and TNF-α, but not IL-2, had significant association with serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT). Moreover, IFN-γ+ NKT cells were associated with HBV DNA, while IFN-γ+ CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were correlated with age. CONCLUSION: HBV clinical phases are characterized by distinct cytokine signatures, which showed relationship to viral features in these untreated CHB patients.


Assuntos
Imunidade Adaptativa , Citocinas/metabolismo , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Vírus da Hepatite B/imunologia , Hepatite B Crônica/sangue , Hepatite B Crônica/imunologia , Imunidade Inata , Adulto , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Estudos de Coortes , DNA Viral/sangue , Feminino , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/sangue , Hepatite B Crônica/virologia , Humanos , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Masculino , Células T Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Arch Virol ; 165(8): 1815-1825, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32504396

RESUMO

In South Africa (SA), hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is strongly associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). As HBV genotypes/subgenotypes and mutations can influence disease manifestation and progression, our aim was to molecularly characterize HBV in Black cancer patients, with and without HCC. The basal core promoter/precore (BCP/PC) and complete surface (S) regions of HBV isolates were amplified and sequenced from 55 HCC cases and 22 non-HCC cancer controls. Phylogenetic analysis of 43 polymerase/complete S region amplicons showed that the majority (88.4%) clustered with subgenotype A1, 4.7% with A2, and 7% with A3. The following mutations were significantly more frequent in HCC cases than in controls (p < 0.05): in the BCP/PC 1753C/G (22.5% vs. 0%), 1764A (69.4% vs. 38.1%), and T64C (51.5% vs. 20%) in the preS2, which results in a F22L substitution. PreS1 and preS2 start codon mutants were detected only in HCC cases, occurring in two and 16 isolates, respectively. PreS deletion mutants were isolated from 11 HCC cases, which had a HBV viral load > 10,000 IU/mL and were significantly younger than non-HCC controls (34 ± 7.1 vs. 41.2 ± 9.5 years, p = 0.05). The 1762T/1764A double mutation was detected in the majority (90.9%) of the isolates from HCC cases with preS deletions. Black HBV carriers were mainly infected with subgenotype A1, with HCC cases carrying BCP/PC and preS mutant strains that are associated with hepatocarcinogenesis. This is the first study to compare the molecular characteristics of HBV from HCC and non-HCC cancer patients in SA.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Hepatite B Crônica/virologia , Hepatite B/virologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , DNA Viral/genética , Feminino , Genótipo , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação/genética , Filogenia , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , África do Sul , Carga Viral/genética
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(23): e20548, 2020 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32502018

RESUMO

Few studies have paid attention to the performances of non-invasive models in diagnosing stages of liver fibrosis and inflammation, which are critical for early and accurate assessment of prognostication and decisions on antiviral treatment in chronic hepatitis B infection patients with high hepatitis B virus DNA and normal or mildly elevated alanine transaminase levels (≤2 times upper limit of normal (ULN)). This study aimed to investigate the value of routine serum markers in evaluation of liver inflammation and fibrosis in these patients.A total of 370 consecutive chronic hepatitis B virus-infected patients who underwent liver biopsy were retrospectively analyzed. The Scheuer scoring system was adopted as the pathological standard for diagnosing liver inflammation and fibrosis. The receiver-operating characteristic curves (ROC) and the area under the ROC curves (AUROCs) were used to analyze the performances of the models, including aspartate transaminase to platelet ratio index (APRI), fibrosis index based on the 4 factors (FIB-4), red cell volume distribution width-to-platelet ratio (RPR), globulin-platelet model (GP), and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase to platelet ratio index (GPR).To predict significant inflammation (G ≥2), the AUROC of APRI was higher than that of FIB-4 (0.705 vs 0.629, P = .001), RPR (0.705 vs 0.593, P < .001) and GP (0.705 vs 0.620, P = .002), equivalent to that of GPR (0.705 vs 0.690, P = .606). As for severe inflammation (≥G3) and significant fibrosis (≥S2), there was no statistic difference among them. To predict severe fibrosis (≥ S3), the AUROC of FIB-4 was higher than that of RPR (0.805 vs 0.750, P = .006) and GP (0.805 vs 0.755, P = .046), comparable to that of APRI (0.805 vs 0.785, P = .550) and GPR (0.805 vs 0.818, P = .694). As for significant liver histological changes (G ≥ 2 or/and S ≥ 2), the performance of APRI was higher than that of RPR (0.717 vs 0.652, P = .006), GP (0.717 vs 0.659, p = .011), equivalent to that of FIB-4 (0.717 vs 0.692, P = .254) and GPR (0.717 vs 0.680, P = .166).We found that APRI, GPR, and FIB-4 were more effective than RPR and GP for diagnosing liver inflammation and fibrosis.


Assuntos
Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Adulto , DNA Viral , Volume de Eritrócitos , Feminino , Globulinas/análise , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Contagem de Plaquetas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , gama-Glutamiltransferase/sangue
14.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 395, 2020 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32503443

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tanzania has a high prevalence (7.17%) of chronic hepatitis B infection. Mother to Child transmission is very common, resulting in high rate of chronic infections. Currently, there is no screening program for HBV in pregnant women. This study investigated the prevalence and risk factors for chronic HBV infection in pregnant women in a tertiary hospital in Mwanza, Tanzania. METHODS: Seven hundred and forty-three women attending antenatal care and/or delivering at the Bugando Medical Centre were enrolled. All answered a questionnaire on sociodemographic and other risk factors and were tested for HBsAg using a rapid test. In HBsAg positive mothers, maternal blood and umbilical cord blood samples collected after delivery were analyzed for serological (HBsAg, HBeAg and anti-HBe) and virologic (HBV-DNA viral load and genotype) markers. All their babies were vaccinated within 24 h of delivery. The children were followed up at 3 years of age. Data was analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U-test, independent sample T-test and logistic regression. RESULTS: Of the 743 participants, 22 (3%) were positive for HBsAg, and 2 (9%) had detectable HBe-antigen. Low condom use was the only statistically significant risk factor for chronic HBV infection (OR = 3.514, 95%CI = 1.4-8.0). Of 14 maternal blood samples genotyped, 10 (71%) were genotype A and 4 (29%) were genotype D. HBV-DNA was detected in 21/22 samples, with a median of 241 IU/ml (range: 27.4-25.9 × 107 IU/ml). Five (33%) of 15 available cord blood samples were positive for HBsAg and 10 (67%) were negative. At follow-up, one child showed chronic HBV infection characteristics, one had anti-HBs level of 7 mIU/ml and 5/7(71%) had protective anti-HBs levels (> 10 mIU/ml). CONCLUSION: This cohort of pregnant women showed a lower-intermediate prevalence of HBV of 3%. In the 3 years follow-up only 1 out of 7 children showed evidence of chronic HBV infection. The child's mother with high viral load (25.9 × 107 IU/ml), was positive for HBeAg with a high degree of sequence similarity suggesting vertical transmission. These results highlight a need for improved diagnosis and treatment of HBV infection in pregnant women in Tanzania, in order to prevent vertical transmission.


Assuntos
Hepatite B Crônica/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , DNA Viral/genética , DNA Viral/metabolismo , Feminino , Genótipo , Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite B/sangue , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/sangue , Antígenos E da Hepatite B/sangue , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Vírus da Hepatite B/isolamento & purificação , Hepatite B Crônica/epidemiologia , Hepatite B Crônica/virologia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Prevalência , Tanzânia/epidemiologia , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Carga Viral , Adulto Jovem
15.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(6): 902-907, 2020 Jun 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32564557

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the relationship between maternal mutations in basal core promoter region of hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotype C and intrauterine transmission. Methods: We collected information on general demographic characteristics and process of delivery among 399 pairs of consecutive HBsAg-positive mothers and their neonates, from the Third People's Hospital of Taiyuan in Shanxi province, China. Fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (FQ-PCR) and Electro-chemiluminescence immuno-assay (ECLIA) kits were used to detect both maternal and neonatal HBV DNA and serological markers in the peripheral blood. From 113 mothers with HBV DNA load ≥10(6) IU/ml, we selected 22 mothers whose neonates were with intrauterine transmission and randomly selected the same number of mothers whose neonates were without intrauterine transmission, as controls. The whole-length HBV DNA were extracted, amplified, cloned, sequenced and genotyped. Finally, a total of 39 mothers with genotype C of HBV were selected for mutation analysis. Results: Thirty-nine cases of genotype C (88.63%) were finally included in the study, with 19 cases in the intrauterine transmission group and 20 cases as controls. Rates of A1762T/G1764A double mutations were significantly different between the intrauterine transmission group and the control group (7.53% vs. 27.72%, P<0.001). Results from the multivariate analysis showed that the A1762T/G1764A double mutations had reduced the risk of intrauterine transmission (aOR=0.065, 95%CI: 0.006-0.746, P=0.028). Maternal A1762T/G1764A double mutations appeared to be possibly associated with neonatal HBeAg (P=0.050). Conclusion: A1762T/G1764A double mutations of HBV DNA from the genotype C of those HBsAg-positive mothers could reduced the risk of HBV intrauterine transmission during pregnancy.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/sangue , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Hepatite B/transmissão , Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa , Mutação , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/virologia , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , China , DNA Viral/sangue , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez
16.
Int J Infect Dis ; 96: 562-566, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32474201

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to analyze the clinical characteristics of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) cured by antiviral therapy. METHODS: Forty-two patients with CHB were enrolled. All patients had been treated with peginterferon (Peg-IFN) in combination with nucleoside analogue (NA) therapy for variable amounts of time, and all had been successfully cured of the disease. RESULTS: The combined treatment time for all participants was 124.7 ± 58.8 weeks, and the average Peg-IFN treatment time was 102.6 ± 56.1 weeks. At 24 weeks, Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) had decreased more than 50% from baseline. Multivariate logistic regression analysis of the week 96 HBsAg-clearing group and the non-HBsAg-clearing group showed a statistically significant difference in baseline HBV DNA levels and week 48 HBsAg levels. Those which baseline HBV DNA was < 2.75 log10 IU/mL, and week 48 HBsAg levels were < 0.88 log10 IU/mL were more likely to achieve rapid HBsAg clearance at 96 weeks. This suggests that low levels of baseline HBV DNA and week 48 HBsAg are a predictor of rapid HBsAg clearance at 96 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: Individualized extension of combination therapy to more than 96 weeks depending on the patient's response and adverse reaction conditions can help achieve a clinical cure. Patients with low baseline HBV DNA and low HBsAg levels at 48 weeks achieve HBsAg clearance more quickly than other populations.


Assuntos
Antivirais/administração & dosagem , Vírus da Hepatite B/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Interferon-alfa/administração & dosagem , Nucleosídeos/administração & dosagem , Polietilenoglicóis/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/genética , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/metabolismo , Antígenos E da Hepatite B/genética , Antígenos E da Hepatite B/metabolismo , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Vírus da Hepatite B/metabolismo , Hepatite B Crônica/virologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Recombinantes/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Int J Infect Dis ; 97: 126-130, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32497807

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the OBI in plasma and urine samples from renal transplant patients using Multiplex Nested PCR. METHOD: A total of 100 samples (plasma and urine) were collected from renal transplant patients admitted to the renal transplant center in Khartoum north, Sudan in 2019. For each sample, HBsAg, HBeAg and anti HBcAg were detected using Enzyme linked Immune sorbent assay (ELISA). The viral DNA was then extracted using viral DNA extraction kit and were then tested for HBV DNA by using multiplex nested PCR. Statistical analysis was done using statistical package of social science (IBM SPSS version 20.0) considering a P value ≤ 0.05 as a level of significance. RESULTS: HBsAg were not detected in al patient but, HBeAg were 14 (14%) and anti HBcAg were 36 (36%)were detect by using ELISA. A total 18 (18%) and 3 out of 100 were found positive in plasma and urine samples, respectively. Regarding the virus genotypes, D, E and mixed D/E genotypes were detected in all positive samples. Females were significantly (P value=0.013) higher detectable with HBV than males in plasma samples CONCLUSION: OBI incidence in renal transplant patients is high in Sudan. The multiplex nested PCR had identified OBI with a high rate supporting the efficiency of using molecular techniques in detecting of HBV. This will lead to an appropriate diagnosis and minimizing the risk to be infected by HBV.


Assuntos
Vírus da Hepatite B/isolamento & purificação , Hepatite B/virologia , Transplante de Rim , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , DNA Viral/sangue , Feminino , Genótipo , Hepatite B/sangue , Hepatite B/urina , Antígenos do Núcleo do Vírus da Hepatite B/imunologia , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/sangue , Antígenos E da Hepatite B/imunologia , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Sudão
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