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1.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 72(2): 345-353, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31017195

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of nursing undergraduates on administration of vaccines in the vastus lateralis muscle of the thigh in children as a proposal of intervention, using simulated scenario, skill training and virtual learning environment. METHOD: Quantitative, quasi-experimental, pre and post-test, performed with 39 nursing students from a federal public university in 2017. The cognitive knowledge test and the Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) checklist were prepared, validated and applied before and after the intervention, adopting a level of significance of 95%. RESULTS: The mean of the pre-test scores was 12.5 (SD= 2.56), post-test 17.4 (SD= 2.38), p <0.0001. The mean pre-OSCE score was 101.0 (SD= 30.46), post-OSCE 181.92 (SD= 12.04), p <0.0001. CONCLUSION: The effectiveness of the intervention proposal to increase knowledge and improve the performance of nursing students in administering vaccines to the vastus lateralis muscle of the thigh in children was evidenced.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica/normas , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/normas , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Vacinação/enfermagem , Adolescente , Brasil , Competência Clínica/estatística & dados numéricos , Simulação por Computador , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/métodos , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação Educacional/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Vacinação/tendências , Adulto Jovem
2.
Nurse Pract ; 44(4): 40-49, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30889109

RESUMO

Adults age 65 or older are at increased risk for acute and chronic diseases. Patients in this group who are up to date with all CDC-recommended vaccinations can reduce morbidity and mortality. This article discusses a quality improvement project across four NP-owned primary care clinics in which all clinical staff received an educational intervention focused on best vaccination practices and Medicare billing strategies. This project yielded improved vaccination rates in the older adult patient population over a 3-month period.


Assuntos
Melhoria de Qualidade/organização & administração , Vacinação/enfermagem , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/educação , Feminino , Humanos , Formulário de Reclamação de Seguro , Masculino , Medicare/economia , Profissionais de Enfermagem/educação , Pesquisa em Avaliação de Enfermagem , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/educação , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Estados Unidos
3.
PLoS One ; 14(2): e0211475, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30726267

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In June 2016, the Republic of Korea included free human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccinations for all 12-year-old girls in its national immunization program. PURPOSE: This study investigated perceptions of nurses on HPV vaccination and their intent to vaccinate preteens at the best ages. METHODS: Recruited for the survey were 514 health teachers (181, 35.2%), public health nurses (168, 32.7%), and clinical nurses (165, 32.1%). Factor-analysis was conducted to validate the Vaccine-Hesitancy Scale for Korean nurses. Related variables associated with vaccine-acceptance were examined using the Kruskal-Wallis test and Spearman's rho coefficients, due to lack of normalization. RESULTS: Factor-analysis results showed that two factors of positive acceptance (7 items) and negative acceptance (3 items) accounted for 67.46% of the total variance, and explained 47.4% and 20.1%, respectively. Nurses who positively accepted HPV vaccine differed significantly in agreement to vaccinate girls or boys. For the proper vaccination age, a significant difference emerged between answers for girls and vaccine-acceptance scores, whereas no difference emerged between answers for boys and the scores. The vaccinated status of respondents significantly related to higher HPV vaccine acceptance, although age, religion, marital status, education, and working duration did not. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that vaccine-acceptance levels reflect nurses' attitudes and opinions about HPV vaccination for girls and boys.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Infecções por Papillomavirus/enfermagem , Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/farmacologia , Recusa de Vacinação , Vacinação/enfermagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Programas de Imunização , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem/psicologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/psicologia , Percepção , República da Coreia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Vacinação/psicologia , Recusa de Vacinação/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
5.
J Pediatr Nurs ; 42: e85-e90, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29681431

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Factors influencing infants' behavioral and vocal (cry) response to painful stimuli are explored to improve pain management plans for infants undergoing immunizations. DESIGN AND METHODS: An observational study design was used. Pain responses of 60 to 75 days-old infants (44% male vs 56% female) undergoing two-month immunization injections were videotaped and coded using the Modified Behavioral Pain Scale (MBPS), and duration of total crying time during injection was recorded. The influences of five factors (gender, caregiver attendance, previous experience of nociception (circumcision), mode of delivery), and weight (birth and current) were examined at baseline, during and post-immunization. RESULTS: Higher birth weight was the most significant factor that reduced pain responses during (p = 0.001) and post-immunization (p = 0.03). A higher birth weight reduced full lung crying (p = 0.04), which reflects crying during injection as compared to total crying time. Vaginal delivery had a significant effect on behavioral pain responses of infants only post-immunization (p = 0.006). Parent's presence in the immunization room significantly reduced total crying time (p = 0.03). Uncircumcised male infants had a significant reduction in behavioral pain responses during immunization (p = 0.01) compared to circumcised infants. CONCLUSIONS: The literature well supports the acknowledgement of early pain experience and its psychological consequences. Knowing and controlling for each of mentioned factors early in life during every painful procedure could improve coping mechanisms of infants for any painful procedures later in life. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Control of certain factors during early life experiences can modify pain of immunization.


Assuntos
Imunização/efeitos adversos , Imunização/enfermagem , Injeções Intramusculares/efeitos adversos , Dor/enfermagem , Vacinação/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Injeções Intramusculares/enfermagem , Masculino , Dor/etiologia , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Vacinação/enfermagem
6.
Metas enferm ; 20(8): 18-23, oct. 2017. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-168098

RESUMO

Objetivo: determinar el cumplimiento de la pauta de vacunación de hepatitis A (HA), hepatitis B (HB) y hepatitis A+B (HA+B) en relación al número de dosis administradas e intervalos de separación entre ellas según las recomendaciones de las fichas técnicas. Método: estudio descriptivo transversal entre los viajeros que acudieron al Centro de Vacunación Internacional de Vigo (CVI) entre el 1 de junio de 2011 y el 30 de noviembre de 2013. Se recogieron variables sociodemográficas, del viaje, y vacunales. Resultados: la muestra total fue de 1.028 viajeros, el 62,9% fue hombre, con una edad media de 35,2 años. El total de prescripciones de vacunas iniciadas fue de 1.117, distribuidas de la siguiente manera: HA (58,9%), HA+B (15,9%), HA y HB (13,7%) y HB (11,6%). Un 4,2% de los viajeros rechazó vacunarse. El porcentaje de cumplimiento global fue del 41,4% y en concreto fue del 38,5% para HA, 37,2% para HB y 55,7% para HA+B. Conclusiones: los viajeros aceptan de forma mayoritaria la vacunación, aunque se observa un cumplimiento escaso de las pautas de la misma, lo que conlleva diferentes implicaciones para la salud del viajero. La elevada tasa de inicio de pautas no se corresponde con su continuidad, por lo que el CVI debe implementar medidas para mejorar la adherencia como sistemas de recordatorio de las dosis sucesivas de vacunas, profundización en los motivos del no cumplimiento para eliminar barreras e implantación de pautas vacunales diferentes que faciliten el cumplimiento y una rápida inmunización (AU)


Objective: to determine the compliance with the vaccination schedule against Hepatitis A (HA), Hepatitis B (HB) and Hepatitis A+B (HA+B), regarding the number of doses administered and the intervals between them, according to the recommendations in the product specifications. Method: a descriptive cross-sectional study among those travellers who attended the International Vaccination Centre in Vigo (IVC) between June, 1st, 2011 and November, 30th, 2013. Sociodemographical, travel and vaccination variables were collected. Results: the total sample included 1,028 travellers, 62.9% were male, with 35.2 years as mean age. The total number of prescriptions for vaccination initiation was 1,117, distributed as follows: HA (58.9%), HA+B (15.9%), HA and HB (13.7%) and HB (11.6%). A 4.2% of travellers refused to be vaccinated. The overall compliance rate was 41.4%; and specifically, 38.5% for HA, 37.2% for HB and 55.7% for HA+B. Conclusions: the majority of travellers accept vaccination, though it has been observed that there is poor compliance of its schedule, leading to different consequences for the health of travellers. The high rate of vaccination initiation does not coincide with its continuity, and therefore the IVC must implement measures in order to improve adherence, such as reminder systems for subsequent vaccine doses, probing into the reasons for non-compliance in order to eliminate barriers, and implementation of different vaccination schedules that will facilitate compliance and rapid immunization (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Vacinas contra Hepatite B/uso terapêutico , Vacinas contra Hepatite A/uso terapêutico , Vacinação/métodos , Vacinação/enfermagem , Saúde do Viajante , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Controle Sanitário de Viajantes , Análise de Dados/métodos
8.
Semin Oncol Nurs ; 33(2): 172-183, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28343836

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To review effective methods of prevention that can be used to control the incidence of cervical cancer and detection strategies that can identify the precancerous lesions before they become true cancer. DATA SOURCES: Current medical, scientific and nursing literature, and national and international guidelines of cervical cancer. CONCLUSION: Nearly all cervical cancers are caused by specific types of human papillomavirus (HPV). Prophylactic vaccination for HPV provides the most effective method of primary prevention against HPV-related diseases. The use of the Pap test and HPV test, according to published guidelines, provides the most effective means of screening for cervical cancer. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: Nurses are in a key position to provide health education with the goal of supporting vaccine uptake and screening guidelines.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer/normas , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Vacinação/normas , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/enfermagem , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Enfermagem Oncológica/métodos , Infecções por Papillomavirus/enfermagem , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/enfermagem , Vacinação/enfermagem
9.
Pediatrics ; 139(3)2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28179484

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Infants are at greatest risk for severe disease and death from pertussis; most acquire it from household contacts. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines recommend tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis, adsorbed (Tdap) vaccination for infant caregivers, especially postpartum women who did not receive it during pregnancy. Our objective was to increase the percentage of women receiving Tdap vaccine before postpartum discharge. METHODS: An interdisciplinary workgroup identified barriers to improvement of postpartum Tdap vaccination from which a 5-step intervention was created: (1) provide education on Tdap and pertussis; (2) offer Tdap throughout hospitalization; (3) create a Tdap standing order; (4) keep Tdap as floor stock; and (5) document administration. Pre- and postintervention data were collected from monthly chart reviews. Our main outcome measures were the proportion of postpartum women eligible for Tdap and the proportion of those eligible who received Tdap. RESULTS: Preintervention baseline data (202 charts) described 166 postpartum women eligible to receive Tdap. Of the eligible women, 91 (55%) received the Tdap vaccine. During the 9-month postintervention period, 844 charts were reviewed (average, 93 per month; range, 82-104). Of the 632 women eligible to receive the Tdap vaccine, 462 (73% overall [range, 67%-79%]) received it. Thirty-three percent more postpartum mothers received the Tdap vaccine before discharge in the postintervention period (P < .01). The percentage of women eligible decreased from 82% to 75%. CONCLUSIONS: This quality improvement initiative substantially increased Tdap immunization in the immediate postpartum period. Efforts to increase immunization during pregnancy for passive transfer of maternal antibodies remain preferable.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra Difteria, Tétano e Coqueluche Acelular/administração & dosagem , Período Pós-Parto , Melhoria de Qualidade/organização & administração , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Sistemas de Registro de Ordens Médicas , New York , Cuidados de Enfermagem , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Vacinação/enfermagem
10.
Worldviews Evid Based Nurs ; 14(2): 154-162, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28218995

RESUMO

AIM: To compare effects of rapid injection without aspiration and 10-second manual pressure before injection on pain severity and crying time in 4- to 6-month-old infants given the vaccine DTaP/IPV/Hib. METHODS: This is a randomized double-blind controlled study. The study population included all the infants presenting for DTaP/IPV/Hib to two family health centers between April and August in 2015. The study sample included 128 infants based on confidence interval of 95% and statistical power of 80%. The sample was divided into four groups: manual pressure, rapid injection without aspiration, manual pressure combined with rapid injection without aspiration, and control groups. There were 32 infants in each group. Gender was adjusted in all groups. Stratified and block randomizations were used. RESULTS: Pain severity scores and crying time during and after the injections were significantly lower in the three intervention groups than in the control group (p = .001). The lowest increase in the mean heart rate during and after the injections occurred in the rapid injection without aspiration group (p < .05). In addition, the mean oxygen saturation before, during and after the injections was significantly lower in this group than in the other groups (p < .05). However, two infants in the rapid injection without aspiration group had low oxygen saturation levels starting before the injections. In fact, mean oxygen saturations did not change across time. This suggests that lower oxygen saturation in the rapid injection without aspiration group cannot be due to vaccines or the techniques used. LINKING EVIDENCE TO ACTION: Manual pressure and rapid injection without aspiration are effective and useful in relief of pain and reduction of crying time due to vaccine injections in 4- to 6-month-old infants.


Assuntos
Choro , Injeções/normas , Paracentese/normas , Fatores de Tempo , Vacinação/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Injeções/enfermagem , Masculino , Medição da Dor/métodos , Paracentese/enfermagem , Vacinação/enfermagem
11.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; 23(2 suppl): 13-20, 2016 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27892421

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: People with unknown atrial fibrillation (AF), who are often asymptomatic, have a substantially increased risk of stroke. Although recommended in European guidelines, AF screening is not routinely performed. Screening at the time of influenza vaccination presents an ideal opportunity to detect AF in large numbers in a primary care medical setting, with an existing annual recall system for patients aged ≥65 years. DESIGN: Cross-sectional pilot study of handheld smartphone electrocardiogram (iECG) screening to identify unknown AF. METHODS: General practices in Sydney, Australia, were recruited during the influenza-vaccination period of April-June 2015. Practice nurses screened patients aged ≥65 years with a 30-second iECG, which has a validated algorithm for detecting AF in real time. In order to confirm the accuracy of the algorithm, two research cardiologists reviewed de-identified iECGs. In order to explore barriers and enablers, semi-structured interviews were conducted with selected nurses, practice managers and general practitioners. RESULTS: Five general practices were recruited, and 973/2476 (39%) patients attending influenza vaccination were screened. Screening took an average of 5 minutes (range 1.5-10 minutes); however, abnormal iECGs required additional time. Newly identified AF was found in 8/973 patients (0.8%). The sensitivity of the iECG automated algorithm was 95% (95% confidence interval: 83-99%) and the specificity was 99% (95% confidence interval: 98-100%). Screening by practice nurses was well accepted by practice staff. Key enablers were the confidence and competence of nurses and a 'designated champion' to lead screening at the practice. Barriers were practice specific, and mainly related to staff time and funding. CONCLUSIONS: Screening with iECG during influenza vaccination by primary care nurses is feasible and well accepted by practice staff. Addressing barriers is likely to increase uptake.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Eletrocardiografia/instrumentação , Frequência Cardíaca , Vacinas contra Influenza/administração & dosagem , Programas de Rastreamento/instrumentação , Aplicativos Móveis , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Enfermagem de Atenção Primária , Smartphone , Vacinação/enfermagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Algoritmos , Fibrilação Atrial/enfermagem , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Eletrocardiografia/enfermagem , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento/enfermagem , New South Wales , Projetos Piloto , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador
15.
Nurse Pract ; 40(11): 1-5, 2015 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26474195

RESUMO

Travelers' diarrhea is a common complaint for patients traveling abroad. Onset of illness, symptoms experienced, and the duration of symptoms are greatly impacted by the causative agent. This article explores the causes, prevention recommendations, and treatment methodologies recommended for this common condition.


Assuntos
Diarreia/enfermagem , Viagem , Países em Desenvolvimento , Diarreia/etiologia , Diarreia/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Profissionais de Enfermagem , Diagnóstico de Enfermagem , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Enfermagem de Atenção Primária , Medição de Risco , Vacinação/enfermagem
18.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 13(2): 238-42, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26154545

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify and compare behaviors of children during vaccination, who were prepared or not for the procedure using an instructional therapeutic play. METHODS: A quasi experimental study, with quantitative approach of 60 children aged 3 to 6 years. The child's reactions were recorded in a checklist. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics and Fisher's test. RESULTS: The main reactions in the experimental group were stay still (25;83%) and spontaneously collaborate (24;80%). In the control group, the main reactions were cries and cling to parents (15; 50%), flushing (11;36.67%) and moving the body/agitated (10;33.3%). CONCLUSION: The reactions of cooperation were more frequent in the experimental group, while low acceptance was observed only in the control group. Therapeutic play has proved an important tool in preparing for the vaccine.


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Ludoterapia/métodos , Vacinação/psicologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados não Aleatórios como Assunto , Cooperação do Paciente/psicologia , Vacinação/efeitos adversos , Vacinação/enfermagem
19.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 23(3): 297-303, maio.-jun. 2015. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-768858

RESUMO

Este estudo objetivou caracterizar a população atingida pelos eventos adversos pós-vacinação - segundo o sexo, idade, identificação das vacinas - e analisar os eventos. Trata-se de uma pesquisa documental com abordagem quantitativa. A coleta dos dados ocorreu em 2014, mediante observação de fichas de notificação pós-vacinação, no período de 2010 a 2013, em dois centros municipais de saúde, situados no Município do Rio de Janeiro. Foram analisadas 214 fichas com 329 eventos adversos. Os resultados mostram que o sexo feminino e a faixa etária menor de um ano foram os mais acometidos. As vacinas que mais produziram eventos adversos foram constituídas pelo adjuvante hidróxido de alumínio, sendo a Tetravalente a com o maior percentual. Os eventos adversos mais frequentes foram os leves e moderados. Conclui-se que o enfermeiro, responsável pela imunização, deve ter conhecimento dos imunobiológicos e dos seus eventos adversos para preveni-los.


This quantitative, documentary study aimed to characterize the population affected by post-vaccination adverse events, by sex, age, and the vaccines, and to analyze the events. Data on 329 post-vaccination adverse events was collected in 2014 from 214 notification records completed in 2010-2013 at two municipal health centers in the Rio de Janeiro municipal area. The results show that females and under one year-olds were the most affected. The vaccines that produced most adverse events comprised the adjuvant aluminum hydroxide, with the Tetravalent formulation returning the highest percentage. The most frequent adverse events were mild to moderate. It was concluded that nurses responsible for immunization should have a knowledge of immunobiologics and related adverse events in order to prevent them.


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo caracterizar a la población afectada por los eventos adversos por vacunación, según el sexo, la edad, la identificación de las vacunas y también analizar los acontecimientos. Se trata de una investigación documental con abordaje cuantitativo. La recolección de datos ocurrió en 2014, a través de observación de registros de notificaciónde eventos adversos por vacunación, en el período 2010-2013, en dos unidades de salud, ubicadas en el Municipiode Río de Janeiro. Se han analizado 214 registros de notificación con 329 eventos adversos. Los resultados muestran que las mujeres y los niños con menos de un año de edad fueron los más afectados. Las vacunas que han ocasionado mayor número de eventos adversos tenían en su composición el adyuvante hidróxido de aluminio, siendo que Tetravalente aparecía con el porcentaje más alto. Los eventos adversos más frecuentes fueron los leves y moderados. Se concluye que el enfermero, responsable por la inmunización, debe tener conocimiento sobre los inmunobiológicos y sus eventos adversos para poder prevenirlos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Notificação , Cuidados de Enfermagem , Vacinação/enfermagem , Brasil , Análise Quantitativa
20.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 23(3): 297-303, maio.-jun. 2015. tab
Artigo em Português | BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: bde-28057

RESUMO

Este estudo objetivou caracterizar a população atingida pelos eventos adversos pós-vacinação - segundo o sexo, idade, identificação das vacinas - e analisar os eventos. Trata-se de uma pesquisa documental com abordagem quantitativa. A coleta dos dados ocorreu em 2014, mediante observação de fichas de notificação pós-vacinação, no período de 2010 a 2013, em dois centros municipais de saúde, situados no Município do Rio de Janeiro. Foram analisadas 214 fichas com 329 eventos adversos. Os resultados mostram que o sexo feminino e a faixa etária menor de um ano foram os mais acometidos. As vacinas que mais produziram eventos adversos foram constituídas pelo adjuvante hidróxido de alumínio, sendo a Tetravalente a com o maior percentual. Os eventos adversos mais frequentes foram os leves e moderados. Conclui-se que o enfermeiro, responsável pela imunização, deve ter conhecimento dos imunobiológicos e dos seus eventos adversos para preveni-los. (AU)


This quantitative, documentary study aimed to characterize the population affected by post-vaccination adverse events, by sex, age, and the vaccines, and to analyze the events. Data on 329 post-vaccination adverse events was collected in 2014 from 214 notification records completed in 2010-2013 at two municipal health centers in the Rio de Janeiro municipal area. The results show that females and under one year-olds were the most affected. The vaccines that produced most adverse events comprised the adjuvant aluminum hydroxide, with the Tetravalent formulation returning the highest percentage. The most frequent adverse events were mild to moderate. It was concluded that nurses responsible for immunization should have a knowledge of immunobiologics and related adverse events in order to prevent them. (AU)


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo caracterizar a la población afectada por los eventos adversos por vacunación, según el sexo, la edad, la identificación de las vacunas y también analizar los acontecimientos. Se trata de una investigación documental con abordaje cuantitativo. La recolección de datos ocurrió en 2014, a través de observación de registros de notificaciónde eventos adversos por vacunación, en el período 2010-2013, en dos unidades de salud, ubicadas en el Municipiode Río de Janeiro. Se han analizado 214 registros de notificación con 329 eventos adversos. Los resultados muestran que las mujeres y los niños con menos de un año de edad fueron los más afectados. Las vacunas que han ocasionado mayor número de eventos adversos tenían en su composición el adyuvante hidróxido de aluminio, siendo que Tetravalente aparecía con el porcentaje más alto. Los eventos adversos más frecuentes fueron los leves y moderados. Se concluye que el enfermero, responsable por la inmunización, debe tener conocimiento sobre los inmunobiológicos y sus eventos adversos para poder prevenirlos. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Vacinação/enfermagem , Monitoramento Epidemiológico , Notificação , Cuidados de Enfermagem , Brasil , Análise Quantitativa
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