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1.
Am J Occup Ther ; 73(5): 7305205040p1-7305205040p8, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484028

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: In Spain, only one culturally adapted assessment tool is available for children between ages 3 and 11 yr. There are no assessments of adolescent and adult sensory processing, and no normative data. OBJECTIVE: To obtain reference values for the Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile (AASP) in Spain for adolescents (aged 11-17) and adults (aged 18-64 and ≥65). DESIGN: A multivariate analysis of variance was used to compare specific mean values (-2, -1, +1, and +2 standard deviation [SD]) by age group, gender, geographic area, education level, and employment status. PARTICIPANTS: We randomly recruited 787 participants (55.8% female) aged 11 yr or older (mean age = 32.1, SD = 21.1) in Spain. We excluded those with a diagnosis of depression, chronic disease (e.g., diabetes, cancer, neurological disease), or cognitive disability and those who used medication that could affect the central nervous system. RESULTS: Quadrant mean (SD) scores ranged from 29.3 (6.6) for low registration to 49.1 (8.3) for sensory seeking, with significant differences by age group (p < .001) in all quadrants. Significant differences were also found for scores in different quadrants by gender, geographic area, education level, and employment status. Although statistically significant, the differences between scores were not clinically relevant; the mean scores fell within the typical range for sensory processing. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: We offer reference values for the cultural adaptation to Spain of the AASP and recommend its use for the typically developing Spanish population ages 11 and older. WHAT THIS ARTICLE ADDS: We provide normative data for the AASP for three age groups of the Spanish population: adolescents, adults, and older adults.


Assuntos
Cognição , Sensação , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valores de Referência , Espanha
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(36): e17066, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490404

RESUMO

Despite the high prevalence and clinical importance of soft-tissue disorders, objective methods for evaluation of the biomechanical properties of soft tissues are lacking. This study aimed to quantitatively evaluate stiffness, an important biomechanical characteristic of soft tissue, using acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography. The shear wave velocity (SWV, m/s) values of soft tissue structures within the carpal tunnel (CT) were measured in various combinations of wrist and finger positions.Twenty-six healthy adults were enrolled in this study. We measured the cross-sectional area of the median nerve (MN) and the SWV values of several structures within the CT at the CT inlet level. Measurement of SWV of the MN, flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS), flexor digitorum profundus (FDP), and transverse carpal ligament (TCL) were conducted in six wrist/finger motion combinations.When the wrist and fingers were in neutral positions (position A), the mean SWV was lowest for the MN (mean ±â€Šstandard deviation, 2.3 ±â€Š0.5 m/s), followed by the FDS (2.9 ±â€Š0.2), FDP (3.2 ±â€Š0.3), and TCL (3.3 ±â€Š0.4). The SWV was significantly different among the six different wrist/finger positions for all structures (P < .001). However, the MN cross-sectional area was not significantly different (P = .527). The SWV values for the MN, FDS, and FDP increased significantly as the wrist/finger positions the stress on the tendons increased (from position B to F) compared with a neutral position, while the SWV of the TCL was significantly higher for in all positions compared with neutral, except for wrist neutral, finger extension. The SWV values for the MN, FDS, and TCL gradually increased as stress increased.The intra-CT structures are under increased stress during wrist and finger motions than when the hand is in a neutral position. We have used ARFI elastography to gain insight into the pathophysiology of CTS.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Nervo Mediano/diagnóstico por imagem , Tendões/diagnóstico por imagem , Punho/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Valores de Referência , Punho/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
3.
Codas ; 31(4): e20180181, 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31482997

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To measure listening effort using of a dual-task paradigm of working memory and analyze the clinical significance of the normal-hearing individuals' performance. METHODS: Participants were 10 young adults with similar socio-cultural level, aged 18-30 years, of both genders, classified as normal-hearing individuals based on the quadritonal average (500, 1000, 2000 and 4000 Hz). The participants were submitted to audiological anamnesis, meatoscopy, and pure tone audiometry. Listening effort was measured using a dual-task paradigm comprising the tasks of speech perception and working memory with logatomes, real words, and meaningless sentences. Prior to measurement, the dual-task paradigm was carried out in audiometric booth in order to train the participants to perform the tasks properly. After the training stage, this paradigm was conducted under two different hearing situations with white noise: signal-to-noise ratios of +5 and -5dB. RESULTS: Performance comparison per ear, right or left, for the two signal-to-noise ratios significantly influenced the speech perception tasks with logatomes and meaningless sentences in both ears; however, significant difference was observed only for the right ear in the tasks of listening effort and working memory. CONCLUSION: Listening effort can be measured using the paradigm proposed, and this instrument was proven sensitive for the quantification of this auditory parameter.


Assuntos
Estimulação Acústica/métodos , Percepção Auditiva/fisiologia , Percepção da Fala/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Audiometria de Tons Puros , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Memória de Curto Prazo/fisiologia , Projetos Piloto , Valores de Referência , Razão Sinal-Ruído , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas , Adulto Jovem
4.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e20180262, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508789

RESUMO

The incorporation of antimicrobials in the composites as an attempt to reduce bacterial adhesion without jeopardizing mechanical properties is a challenge for Dentistry. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the bacterial adhesion and physical properties of a composite containing the methacrylate triclosan- derivative monomer (TM). METHODOLOGY TM was synthesized and added to an experimental composite. Samples were divided into two groups: Control and TM (13.4 wt%). Antibacterial Activity: Three specimens of each material were prepared and placed on bacterial suspensions of Streptococcus mutans for 1, 5 and 10 days. After these periods the counting of the colonies (log10) was performed. Assays was performed in triplicate. Physical Properties: Three-body Abrasion (TBA): Ten specimens of each material were prepared and stored at 37°C/24 h. The surface roughness (Ra) and hardness (KHN) were analyzed. Next, the specimens were submitted to abrasive wear (30,000 cycles) and re-evaluated for Ra and KHN; Sorption/solubility (SS): cylindrical specimens (n=10) were prepared and weighted. The specimens were immersed in deionized water for 7 days at 37°C and then their weight was verified again. SS were calculated using accepted formulas; Diametral tensile strength (DTS): specimens (n=10) underwent test performed in an Instron universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min. Data were submitted to appropriate statistical tests according to data distribution and assay (p<0.05). RESULTS Bacterial Adhesion: TM showed a significant reduction on biofilm accumulation in the evaluated periods: 1 day (1.537±0.146); 5 days (2.183±0.138) and 10 days (4.469±0.155) when compared with Control: 1 day (4.954±0.249); 5 days (5.498±0.257) and 10 days (6.306±0.287). Physical Properties: For TBA, SS and DTS no significant difference was found between groups Control and TM. The incorporation of methacrylate triclosan-based monomer in the experimental composite reduce bacterial adhesion of S. mutans and did not affect important polymer properties.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Resinas Compostas/química , Metacrilatos/química , Triclosan/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Aderência Bacteriana/efeitos dos fármacos , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Resinas Compostas/farmacologia , Testes de Dureza , Teste de Materiais , Metacrilatos/farmacologia , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Solubilidade , Streptococcus mutans/efeitos dos fármacos , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração , Fatores de Tempo , Escovação Dentária , Triclosan/farmacologia
5.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e20180348, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508790

RESUMO

SOX2 is a transcription factor related to the maintenance of stem cells in a pluripotent state. Podoplanin is a type of transmembrane sialoglycoprotein, which plays an important role in tumor progression and metastasis. This study aims to determine association of SOX2 and podoplanin expression in the progression of oral squamous cell carcinomas and to elucidate the association between two proteins. Label="METHODOLOGY">The immunohistochemical expression of SOX2 and podoplanin were evaluated in 60 cases of primary oral squamous cell carcinomas. The correlation between the SOX2 and podoplanin expression and the clinicopathological features of the tumors and the patient outcomes were assessed. RESULTS The expression of SOX2 was seen in 38/60 (63%) of the cases and the expression for podoplanin was seen in 45/60 (75%) cases. There was a significant inverse correlation between the expression of SOX2 and podoplanin with the tumor grade (p=0.002 and p=0.017, respectively). There was a high expression of SOX2 in 9/13 cases that presented with disease free survival. Survival analysis showed that a high expression of SOX2 correlated positively (p=0.043) with the disease-free survival. There was a significant positive association between the pattern of SOX2 and podoplanin expression (p=0.002). CONCLUSION A high expression of SOX2 was associated with better disease-free survival. The expression of podoplanin was associated with the degree of differentiation of the tumors. Analysis of these biomarkers can aid in the prognosis and treatment of oral squamous cell carcinomas.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/análise , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição SOXB1/análise , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Valores de Referência , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo
6.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e20180556, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508791

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of ultrasonic and sonic activation on physicochemical properties of AH Plus, MTA Fillapex, ADSeal, GuttaFlow Bioseal, and GuttaFlow 2 sealers. METHODOLOGY: Three experimental groups were formed: no activation (NA), ultrasonic activation (UA), and sonic activation (SA). The sealers were manipulated according to the manufacturers' instructions. A 3-mL syringe was adapted to receive 1 mL of sealer. Activation was performed with a 20/.01 ultrasonic insert (20 s/1W) in the UA group. A size 35.04 sonic tip was used (20 s/10,000 cycles/min-1) in the SA group. The molds for physicochemical analysis were filled and evaluated according to ANSI/ADA specification no. 57: setting time (ST), flow (FL), dimensional change (DC), solubility (SB), and radiopacity (RD). Statistical analysis was performed by Kruskal-Wallis, one-way ANOVA, and Tukey's tests (P<0.05). RESULTS: Regarding ST, only AH Plus and GuttaFlow 2 in the NA group met the ANSI/ADA standards. All FL values were greater than 20 mm in diameter, as determined by ANSI/ADA. The tested sealers and protocols did not comply with the ANSI/ADA standards for DC. As for SB, only MTA Fillapex, regardless of the activation protocol, did not follow the ANSI/ADA standards. All of the investigated sealers, regardless of the activation protocol, presented radiographic density higher than 3 mm Al, as proposed by ANSI/ADA. CONCLUSIONS: UA and SA promoted changes in the physicochemical properties of the evaluated root canal sealers, mainly in ST and F. Thus, it is important to evaluate the physicochemical properties of endodontic sealers associated with activation techniques prior to clinical application in order to determine whether the properties follow the parameters set by ANSI/ADA, ensuring safety and quality of root canal filling.


Assuntos
Compostos de Alumínio/química , Compostos de Cálcio/química , Dimetilpolisiloxanos/química , Resinas Epóxi/química , Guta-Percha/química , Óxidos/química , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Silicatos/química , Ondas Ultrassônicas , Análise de Variância , Combinação de Medicamentos , Teste de Materiais , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Solubilidade , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Propriedades de Superfície , Fatores de Tempo
7.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e20180593, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508792

RESUMO

There is growing evidence that C. albicans is associated with dental caries, but its role on caries development needs to be better clarified. Label="OBJECTIVE">To evaluate at the hard tissue level the effect of C. albicans on the cariogenic potential of S. mutans biofilms focusing on the mineral profile of induced carious lesions. This study also aimed to evaluate the effect of C. albicans on the acidogenic potential of S. mutans biofilms. METHODOLOGY Dual-species (CA+SM) and single-species biofilms (CA or SM) were grown on the surface of enamel slabs in the presence of glucose/sucrose supplemented culture medium for 24, 48 and 72 hours. Demineralization was evaluated through percentage of surface microhardness change (%SMC) and transversal microradiography analysis (ILM and LD) and pH of the spent medium was recorded daily. Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA followed by Bonferroni correction. RESULTS%SMC was statistically different among the biofilms at each time point being the highest for SM biofilms and the lowest for CA biofilms which also differed from CA+SM biofilms [SM (24 h: 47.0±7.3; 48 h: 66.3±8.3; 72 h: 75.4±3.9); CA (24 h: 7.3±3.3; 48 h: 7.1±6.4; 72 h: 6.6±3.6); CA+SM (24 h: 35.9±7.39.1; 48 h: 47.2±9.5; 72 h: 47.6±9.5)]. pH of spent medium was statistically lower for SM biofilms compared to the other biofilms at each time point and remained constant over time while pH values increased from 24 to 72 h for both CA and CA+SM biofilms [SM (24 h: 4.4±0.1; 48 h: 4.4±0.1; 72 h: 4.5±0.1); CA (24 h: 6.9±0.3; 48 h: 7.2±0.2; 72 h: 7.5±0.2); CA+MS (24 h: 4.7±0.2; 48 h: 5.1±0.1; 72 h: 6.1±0.6)]. IML and LD for SM biofilms increased over time while no difference was observed from 24 to 72 h for the other biofilms. CONCLUSIONS The present data suggest that C. albicans has low enamel demineralization potential and the presence of C. albicans can reduce both the cariogenic and acidogenic potentials of S. mutans biofilms.


Assuntos
Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Candida albicans/fisiologia , Esmalte Dentário/microbiologia , Streptococcus mutans/metabolismo , Desmineralização do Dente/microbiologia , Ácidos/metabolismo , Animais , Bovinos , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Esmalte Dentário/química , Testes de Dureza , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Microrradiografia/métodos , Valores de Referência , Propriedades de Superfície , Fatores de Tempo
8.
BMJ ; 366: l4892, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31481394

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore whether thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) concentration in patients with a diagnosis of hypothyroidism is associated with increased all cause mortality and a higher risk of cardiovascular disease and fractures. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: The Health Improvement Network (THIN), a database of electronic patient records from UK primary care. PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients with incident hypothyroidism from 1 January 1995 to 31 December 2017. EXPOSURE: TSH concentration in patients with hypothyroidism. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Ischaemic heart disease, heart failure, stroke/transient ischaemic attack, atrial fibrillation, any fractures, fragility fractures, and mortality. Longitudinal TSH measurements from diagnosis to outcomes, study end, or loss to follow-up were collected. An extended Cox proportional hazards model with TSH considered as a time varying covariate was fitted for each outcome. RESULTS: 162 369 patients with hypothyroidism and 863 072 TSH measurements were included in the analysis. Compared with the reference TSH category (2-2.5 mIU/L), risk of ischaemic heart disease and heart failure increased at high TSH concentrations (>10 mIU/L) (hazard ratio 1.18 (95% confidence interval 1.02 to 1.38; P=0.03) and 1.42 (1.21 to 1.67; P<0.001), respectively). A protective effect for heart failure was seen at low TSH concentrations (hazard ratio 0.79 (0.64 to 0.99; P=0.04) for TSH <0.1 mIU/L and 0.76 (0.62 to 0.92; P=0.006) for 0.1-0.4 mIU/L). Increased mortality was observed in both the lowest and highest TSH categories (hazard ratio 1.18 (1.08 to 1.28; P<0.001), 1.29 (1.22 to 1.36; P<0.001), and 2.21 (2.07 to 2.36; P<0.001) for TSH <0.1 mIU/L, 4-10 mIU/L, and >10 mIU/L. An increase in the risk of fragility fractures was observed in patients in the highest TSH category (>10 mIU/L) (hazard ratio 1.15 (1.01 to 1.31; P=0.03)). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with a diagnosis of hypothyroidism, no evidence was found to suggest a clinically meaningful difference in the pattern of long term health outcomes (all cause mortality, atrial fibrillation, ischaemic heart disease, heart failure, stroke/transient ischaemic attack, fractures) when TSH concentrations were within recommended normal limits. Evidence was found for adverse health outcomes when TSH concentration is outside this range, particularly above the upper reference value.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia , Hipotireoidismo/tratamento farmacológico , Tireotropina/sangue , Tiroxina/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Fraturas Ósseas/etiologia , Fraturas Ósseas/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Hipotireoidismo/sangue , Hipotireoidismo/complicações , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Glândula Tireoide/metabolismo , Tireotropina/metabolismo , Tireotropina/normas
9.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(33): 2569-2574, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31510714

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the changes of growth and development of normal fetal ventricles and cisterna magna with gestational age(GA) and the correlation with fetal gender in the second and third trimester,and establish the MR prenatal diagnosis reference standards. Methods: A total of 633 fetuses (mean GA (27.0±4.1) weeks (18.9-40.6 weeks))without central nervous system abnormalities were retrospectively collected from the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University from June 2012 to August 2017. The lateral ventricle trigonometric width (LVTW), third ventricle width (TVW), fourth ventricle width (FVW), anterior-posterior diameter of the fourth ventricle(APDFV), cavum septum pellucidum width (CSPW) and cisterna magna width (CMW) were obtained in the standard measure planes on MR image.The correlation between the biometrics and GA and the correlation between the biometrics and fetal gender were analyzed respectively, and the normal reference values of the biometrics were calculated. Spearman correlation analysis, Pearson correlation analysis,linear regression analysis, independent samples t-test and paired samples t-test were used for statistic analysis. Results: (1)Fetal LLVTW,RLVTW,TVW,CSPW and CMW in second and third trimesters were correlated with GA at medium and low levels(the correlation coefficient r were 0.311, 0.277, 0.207, 0.226, 0.295, respectively, all P<0.01). FVW and APDFV were statistically correlated with GA, and the linear regression equations were as follows: y=0.022×GA-0.043 (adjusted R(2)=0.642); y=0.018×GA-0.159 (adjusted R(2)=0.690). (2)Fetal LLVTW,RLVTW,FVW,APDFV and CSPW were not correlated with fetal gender in second and third trimesters(r=-0.078,-0.057,-0.087,-0.004 and 0.024, P=0.124,0.258,0.085,0.931 and 0.618, all P>0.05). TVW and CMW were statistically correlated with fetal gender(r=-0.310, -0.180, P=0.000, 0.006, all P<0.05). (3) The mean values of LLVTW and RLVTW were (0.71±0.13) cm and (0.68±0.13) cm, respectively, and significant difference was found between them(t=3.180, P=0.002). The mean value of CSPW was (0.59±0.15) cm. And the mean values of male and female fetuses for TVW and CMW were (0.17±0.05) cm, (0.16±0.06) cm and (0.68±0.15) cm, (0.58±0.15) cm, respectively. The corresponding prenatal MRI diagnostic criteria were as follows: LLVTW 1.1 cm, RLVTW 1.0 cm, CSPW 1.0 cm, TVW 0.3 cm, CMW (male 1.1 cm, female 1.0 cm). Conclusions: The normal fetal ventricles and cisterna magna are increased with the GA in the second and third trimesters. TVW and CMW are related to fetal gender. The establishment of normal reference values of fetal ventricles and cisterna magna based on GA and fetal gender are conducive to enhance the accuracy of MRI prenatal diagnosis.


Assuntos
Cisterna Magna , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Gravidez , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Braz Oral Res ; 33(0): e089, 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531552

RESUMO

The objectives of this double-blind randomized clinical trial were to compare (a) the clinical times and (b) the occurrence and severity of postoperative sensitivity, of posterior restoration that used a universal adhesive, in a self-etch or selective enamel-etching technique, along with incremental or bulk-fill composites (presented in syringes or capsules). A total of 295 posterior restorations were placed according to the following groups: SETB - self-etch/bulk-fill in syringe; SETC - self-etch/bulk-fill in capsules; SETI - self-etch/incremental; SEEB - selective enamel-etching/bulk-fill in syringe; SEEC - selective enamel-etching/bulk-fill in capsules; and SEEI - selective enamel-etching/incremental. Clinical time was assessed by a reason (s/mm3) between the total volume of resin inserted and the total time required to perform the restorations. Postoperative sensitivity was evaluated using two scales (Numeric Rating Scale and Visual Analogue Scale). Mean clinical time results, analyzed by Wald's Chi-square, showed significant statistical differences among all groups (p<0.001), indicating that the restorative strategy affected the time required for the restoration. A generalized estimating equation model statistical analysis, performed to compare postoperative sensitivity, showed that neither the restorative technique, the adhesive strategy nor the presentation mode of the bulk-fill composite affected the overall risk of postoperative sensitivity (4.06 [2.22-6.81]). The use of bulk-fill composite, presented in capsules or syringes, is less time consuming and does not increase the risk or intensity of postoperative sensitivity relative to the traditional incremental technique.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Restauração Dentária Permanente/efeitos adversos , Sensibilidade da Dentina/etiologia , Cápsulas , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Seringas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e053, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531561

RESUMO

Self-adhesive resin cements (RCs) activate matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and cathepsin-related collagen degradation, and gallic acid (GA) inhibits the activity of both MMPs and cysteine cathepsins. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the setting time, biaxial flexural strength, and Vickers hardness of self-adhesive RCs after the addition of two different concentrations of GA. RelyX U200 (3M ESPE) and Panavia SA (Kuraray) were modified with 0.5 and 1 wt% GA. The setting time of five samples in each RC group was assessed using a thermocouple apparatus as described in the ISO 4049 test. Biaxial flexure strength was measured using a universal testing machine until failure. Vickers hardness was measured with three randomized indentations on the surface of each resin disc. RCs without GA were used as control. Data were analyzed using a one-way analysis of variance and Tukey's HSD test (α = 0.05). The setting times ranged from 2.4 to 4.6 min for RelyX and from 4.9 to 6.0 min for Panavia. The biaxial flexure strength ranged from 76.5 to 109.7 MPa for RelyX and from 73.3 to 108.2 MPa for Panavia. Vickers hardness values ranged from 41.6 to 58.6 for RelyX and 27.2 to 33.6 for Panavia. The addition of 0.5 and 1 wt% GA to improve durability of resin-dentin bonds had no adverse effects on setting time, whereas the biaxial flexure strength and Vickers hardness values for the tested materials were significantly reduced.


Assuntos
Ácido Gálico/química , Cimentos de Resina/química , Análise de Variância , Resistência à Flexão , Testes de Dureza , Teste de Materiais , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/química , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Propriedades de Superfície , Fatores de Tempo
12.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e055, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531562

RESUMO

Serum hepcidin levels may increase in response to infection and inflammation. The present study investigated the effect of nonsurgical periodontal therapy (NSPT) on levels of serum hepcidin, inflammatory markers, and iron markers. An interventional study was conducted on 67 patients (age 30-65 years) without other diseases, except for chronic periodontitis (CP). Patients were allocated to either CP or control groups. The CP group received supragingival and subgingival scaling and root planing procedures, whereas the control group received supragingival scaling. Probing depth (PD), bleeding on probing, clinical attachment level (CAL), visible plaque index (VPI), serum hepcidin and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), hematological markers, and iron markers were measured at baseline and at 90 days after NSPT. The CP group had statistically significant lower mean values for mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) (p ≤ 0.05). The control group had statistically significant reductions in hemoglobin, hematocrit, MCV, and MCH (p ≤ 0.05). Serum hepcidin, IL-6, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) levels were significantly decreased in both groups after NSPT. Periodontal markers were more markedly reduced in the CP group compared with the control group (p ≤ 0.05). These findings suggest that NSPT may reduce the serum levels of IL-6, hepcidin, and periodontal parameters.


Assuntos
Periodontite Crônica/sangue , Hepcidinas/sangue , Ferro/sangue , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Periodontite Crônica/patologia , Periodontite Crônica/terapia , Índice de Placa Dentária , Feminino , Gengiva/patologia , Humanos , Interleucina-6/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Perda da Inserção Periodontal/sangue , Perda da Inserção Periodontal/patologia , Valores de Referência , Aplainamento Radicular/métodos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e077, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531564

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to identify the relationship between the expression of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and the responses of pulp sensitivity tests in healthy pulps and irreversible pulps by performing a cross-sectional study on patients. Two hundred subjects were evaluated. A total of 75 subjects complied with the criteria. The participants were divided into two groups: a) Healthy pulp (subjects [n = 35] having posterior teeth with clinically normal pulp tissue), and b) Irreversible pulpitis (subjects [n = 40] having posterior teeth with irreversible pulpitis). All participants were evaluated using the following variables: a) medical and dental history, b) pulp sensitivity tests, c) expression of CGRP by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and d) expression levels of mRNA CGRP and mRNA CGRP receptor genes. We determined that the responses of the cold test between 4 and ≥12 s presented a higher average of the expression of CGRP in the group having irreversible pulpitis (p = 0.0001). When we compared the groups with the value of the electrical impulse, we found statistically significant differences (p = 0.0001), observing positive responses to the test with electrical impulses of 7 to 10, with an average of 72.15 ng/mL of CGRP in the irreversible pulpitis group. High values of CGRP expression were observed in that group in the responses of pulp sensitivity.


Assuntos
Peptídeo Relacionado com Gene de Calcitonina/análise , Teste da Polpa Dentária/métodos , Polpa Dentária/patologia , Pulpite/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pulpite/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Valores de Referência , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
14.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e0088, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531566

RESUMO

The main of the study was quantify the effect of two ceramics with two underlying resin cements on apparent fluorescence levels. Buccal surfaces of two bovine incisors were ground flat producing one enamel and one dentin substrate. The veneers were fabricated (0.5 and 1.0 mm thickness) using two ceramics (IPSe.max Press and IPSe.max Zirpress, Ivoclar Vivadent). Veneers were cemented using either light-cured (Variolink II, Ivoclar Vivadent) or self-adhesive dual (Rely X U200, 3M ESPE) cement. The layered Control group materials had no cement application. Semi-quantitative fluorescence image analysis (Matlabs software, Matworks) involved processing the images as captured under each daylight (DL, Gretagmacbeth) and ultraviolet illuminants (UVA, Sylvania) within a neutral-gray lightbox (Macbeth Spectral Light). Statistical analysis of the quantitative fluorescence values was performed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (p < 0.05). The e.max Zirpress on the dentin substrate produced greater fluorescence (p < 0.05) when subjected to UV illumination and more fluorescence (p < 0.05) than e.max Press in both cement groups. Light-cured cement produced higher (p < 0.05) fluorescence than the dual-cement with e.max Press on enamel under UV illumination. The fluorescence for e.max Press on the dentin substrate was greater (p < 0.05) than for e.max Zirpress using dual self-adhesive cement subjected to daylight illumination. Thus, it is possible to conclude that the combination of ceramic and cement produce definite, significant effects on the apparent fluorescence, vital quality for restorative dentistry.


Assuntos
Cerâmica/química , Facetas Dentárias , Imagem Óptica/métodos , Cimentos de Resina/química , Animais , Bovinos , Esmalte Dentário/química , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina/química , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Luz , Teste de Materiais , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Propriedades de Superfície
15.
Anticancer Res ; 39(9): 5009-5018, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519608

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Interleukin (IL)-18, which belongs to the IL-1 superfamily of cytokines, is a known interferon-gamma (IFN-γ)-inducing factor. Since IFN-γ plays an essential role in anticancer immunity mediated through cytotoxic T cells, IL-18 may also contribute to the function of immunosurveillance. The aim of the study was to examine the association of IL-18 with the outcomes of patients with breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Serum IL-18 levels were determined at baseline in 270 patients operated for breast cancer, and the relapse-free survival (RFS) was compared between IL-18-high and -low groups. The relationships between IL-18 and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) or the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) were also investigated. RESULTS: The RFS of patients was significantly better in the IL-18-low group than in the IL-18-high group (p=0.032). According to the multivariate analysis, IL-18 was a significant and independent predictive factor for RFS (hazard ratio(HR)=0.336; 95% confidence interval(CI)=0.147-0.727; p=0.0053). No association was observed between the IL-18 levels and TILs or NLRs. CONCLUSION: IL-18 levels may be useful for predicting the prognosis of patients who have received surgical treatment for breast cancer.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Interleucina-18/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Citocinas/sangue , Citocinas/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/metabolismo , Gradação de Tumores , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neutrófilos/imunologia , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Curva ROC , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carga Tumoral
16.
Anticancer Res ; 39(9): 5071-5076, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519617

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Approximately 20% of pleural effusions are associated with cancer; about 50% require invasive procedures to perform diagnosis. Determination of the concentration of soluble cytokeratin 19-fragments (CYFRA21-1) may help identify patients with malignant effusions. However, pathologies other than cancer can increase its concentration. The identification of these possible false positives with routine tests CRP, ADA, % polymorphonuclear cells (PN) may improve diagnostic accuracy. This study aimed to determine the diagnostic accuracy of CYFRA21-1 in the detection of malignant pleural effusions and the possible false positives. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analysis of CYFRA21-1, adenosine deaminase (ADA), C-reactive protein (CRP), and the percentage of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PN%) in the fluid from 643 consecutive undiagnosed pleural effusions was performed. RESULTS: CYFRA21-1 showed 38.7% sensitivity and 97.3% specificity at 175 ng/ml cut-off. Effusions not suspicious of a false-positive showed 39.0% sensitivity and 98.2% specificity, while effusions suspicious of false positive showed lower sensitivity (36.4%) and specificity (95.0%). CONCLUSION: The diagnostic accuracy of CYFRA21-1 in pleural effusions can be improved by classification according to the possibility of false positives.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Queratina-19/metabolismo , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Derrame Pleural/metabolismo , Biópsia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Derrame Pleural/etiologia , Curva ROC , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
17.
Rev Saude Publica ; 53: 66, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31553376

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of the ratio between the waist circumference and the height in the identification of health risk compared with the correlation matrix between the anthropometric parameters body mass index and waist circumference. METHODS: A population-based study presenting a transversal cut in a representative sample of the Brazilian adult and older population. The combination of the body mass index with the waist circumference resulted in health risk categories, and the cutoff points of the ratio between the waist circumference and the height as anthropometric indicator were used for classification of low and increased risk. Poisson regression was used to verify the association of systemic arterial hypertension with the health risk categories. RESULTS: The results showed 26% of adult men, 10.4% of adult women and more than 30% of the older adults of both genders classified as without risk by the combination matrix between body mass index and waist circumference presented a ratio between the waist circumference and height that showed increased risk. All risk categories continued to be associated with hypertension after control for confounding factors, being almost two times higher for adults with moderate and high risk according to both methods. When the waist-to-height ratio was used as a risk indicator, the prevalence of hypertension ratios for the older adults was 1.37 (95%CI 1.16-1.63) and 1.35 (95%CI 1.12-1.62) for men and women, respectively, being these values close to the combination matrix body mass index and waist circumference. CONCLUSIONS: The waist-to-height ratio identified more individuals at early health risk than the combination matrix between the body mass index and the waist circumference and showed comparable ability to identify health risk, regardless of gender and age, regarding the prevalence ratios for systemic arterial hypertension.


Assuntos
Sobrepeso/complicações , Medição de Risco/métodos , Razão Cintura-Estatura , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/complicações , Sobrepeso/fisiopatologia , Distribuição de Poisson , Valores de Referência , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Sexuais , Circunferência da Cintura , Adulto Jovem
18.
Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz ; 114: e190105, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389522

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections caused by bacteria such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa are a major public health problem worldwide. Gene regulatory networks (GRN) computationally represent interactions among regulatory genes and their targets. They are an important approach to help understand bacterial behaviour and to provide novel ways of overcoming scientific challenges, including the identification of potential therapeutic targets and the development of new drugs. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to reconstruct the multidrug-resistant (MDR) P. aeruginosa GRN and to analyse its topological properties. METHODS: The methodology used in this study was based on gene orthology inference using the reciprocal best hit method. We used the genome of P. aeruginosa CCBH4851 as the basis of the reconstruction process. This MDR strain is representative of the sequence type 277, which was involved in an endemic outbreak in Brazil. FINDINGS: We obtained a network with a larger number of regulatory genes, target genes and interactions as compared to the previously reported network. Topological analysis results are in accordance with the complex network representation of biological processes. MAIN CONCLUSIONS: The properties of the network were consistent with the biological features of P. aeruginosa. To the best of our knowledge, the P. aeruginosa GRN presented here is the most complete version available to date.


Assuntos
Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/genética , Genoma Bacteriano , Família Multigênica , Infecções por Pseudomonas/genética , Valores de Referência
19.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e20180453, 2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411261

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was designed for the chemical activation of a 35% hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) bleaching gel to increase its whitening effectiveness and reduce its toxicity. METHODOLOGY: First, the bleaching gel - associated or not with ferrous sulfate (FS), manganese chloride (MC), peroxidase (PR), or catalase (CT) - was applied (3x 15 min) to enamel/dentin discs adapted to artificial pulp chambers. Then, odontoblast-like MDPC-23 cells were exposed for 1 h to the extracts (culture medium + components released from the product), for the assessment of viability (MTT assay) and oxidative stress (H2DCFDA). Residual H2O2 and bleaching effectiveness (DE) were also evaluated. Data were analyzed with one-way ANOVA complemented with Tukey's test (n=8. p<0.05). RESULTS: All chemically activated groups minimized MDPC-23 oxidative stress generation; however, significantly higher cell viability was detected for MC, PR, and CT than for plain 35% H2O2 gel. Nevertheless, FS, MC, PR, and CT reduced the amount of residual H2O2 and increased bleaching effectiveness. CONCLUSION: Chemical activation of 35% H2O2 gel with MC, PR, and CT minimized residual H2O2 and pulp cell toxicity; but PR duplicated the whitening potential of the bleaching gel after a single 45-minute session.


Assuntos
Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/toxicidade , Clareadores Dentários/química , Clareadores Dentários/toxicidade , Clareamento Dental/métodos , Análise de Variância , Catalase/química , Sobrevivência Celular , Células Cultivadas , Cloretos/química , Cor , Polpa Dentária/química , Polpa Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Dentina/química , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Ferrosos/química , Compostos de Manganês/química , Odontoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Peroxidase/química , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo
20.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e20180631, 2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411263

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Extensive restorations in posterior teeth always bring doubts to the clinicians regarding the best protocol, mainly when structures of reinforcement were lost. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of beveling on the fracture resistance and pattern of class II (MOD) restored teeth. METHODOLOGY: Ninety human premolars were randomly assigned into 9 groups: CTR (control/sound); NC (cavity preparation, non-restored); RU (restored, unbeveled); RTB (restored, entire angle beveling); RPB (restored, partial/occlusal beveling); EC (endodontic access/EA, non-restored); EU (EA, unbeveled); ETB (EA, entire angle beveling); EPB (EA, partial/occlusal beveling). Teeth were restored with Esthet X resin composite and stored in distilled water for 24 h before the inclusion in PVC cylinders. The axial loading tests were performed with 500 kgF at 0.5 mm/min crosshead speed until fracture of the specimens. Fracture resistance and pattern were accessed and data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey's HSD test (α=0.05). RESULTS: Mean (±SD) failure loads ranged from 136.56 (11.62) to 174.04 (43.5) kgF in the groups tested without endodontic access. For endodontically accessed teeth, fracture resistance ranged from 95.54 (13.05) to 126.51 (19.88) kgF. Beveling of the cavosurface angle promoted the highest fracture resistance values (p<0.05) and prevented catastrophic fractures. CONCLUSIONS: Cavosurface angle beveling is capable of improving fracture resistance and pattern for both endodonticaly accessed and non-accessed teeth.


Assuntos
Dente Pré-Molar , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária/métodos , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Análise de Variância , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Distribuição Aleatória , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Fraturas dos Dentes , Dente não Vital , Resultado do Tratamento
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