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1.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(7): 381-383, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023307
2.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 2569-2572, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018531

RESUMO

We assessed the effect of surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) on cardiovascular and cerebrovascular controls with particular attention to their complexity and presence of nonlinear behaviors via the analysis of spontaneous variability of heart period (HP), systolic and diastolic arterial pressure (SAP and DAP) and mean cerebral blood flow (MCBF). Variability series were acquired before (PRE) and after (POST) SAVR in 12 patients (age: 76±4.7 yrs, 7 males) at rest in supine position and during active standing. Complexity was assessed via a local nonlinear prediction approach exploiting the k-nearest neighbor strategy. The presence of nonlinear dynamics was checked by comparing the complexity marker computed over the original series with the distribution of values assessed over 100 surrogates preserving distribution and power spectral density of the original series but with random phases. We found that: i) HP variance was significantly reduced in POST; ii) the complexity of SAP and DAP variabilities increased in POST with a greater likelihood of observing nonlinear dynamics over SAP compared to PRE at supine rest; iii) the amplitude of MCBF fluctuations and its complexity in POST remained similar to PRE. SAVR induces important changes of the cardiac and vascular autonomic controls, while cerebrovascular regulation seems to be less affected.


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica , Sistema Cardiovascular , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo , Pressão Sanguínea , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino
3.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 2820-2823, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018593

RESUMO

This paper reports our study on the impact of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) on the classification of aortic stenosis (AS) patients using cardio-mechanical modalities. Machine learning algorithms such as decision tree, random forest, and neural network were applied to conduct two tasks. Firstly, the pre- and post-TAVR data are evaluated with the classifiers trained in the literature. Secondly, new classifiers are trained to classify between pre- and post-TAVR data. Using analysis of variance, the features that are significantly different between pre- and post-TAVR patients are selected and compared to the features used in the pre-trained classifiers. The results suggest that pre-TAVR subjects could be classified as AS patients but post-TAVR could not be classified as healthy subjects. The features which differentiate pre- and post-TAVR patients reveal different distributions compared to the features that classify AS patients and healthy subjects. These results could guide future work in the classification of AS as well as the evaluation of the recovery status of patients after TAVR treatment.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(9): 759-764, 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957759

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the prognosis of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) or tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) stenosis. Methods: This was a retrospective study. Patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis, who underwent TAVR with follow-up time more than one year in Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital from April 2016 to August 2018, were included. According to aortic CT angiography, the patients were divided into BAV group and TAV group. The primary endpoint was the composite event of all-cause death and stroke, and the secondary endpoints were TAVR-related complications. Incidence of clinical endpoints and parameters derived from echocardiography were compared between the groups, and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to compare the composite event between the two groups. Results: A total of 49 patients were included. The age was (73.6±6.3) years, and 25(51.0%) were male. There were 32 patients in BAV group and 17 in TAV group, the follow-up time was 466 (390, 664) days. The incidence of composite endpoint of death and stroke at one year were comparable in BAV and TAV groups (6.3% (2/32) vs. 5.9% (1/17), P=1.00). Kaplan-Meier curves also showed a similar risk of the composite endpoint(HR=1.03,95%CI 0.09-11.24,Log-rank P=0.98) between two groups. The incidence of all-cause death, stroke, myocardial infarction, severe bleeding, major vascular complications, new-onset atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter, and permanent pacemaker implantation were all similar between the two groups(all P>0.05), and there was no acute kidney injury (stage 2 or 3) in both groups. Echocardiographic parameters at one year were similar between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions: The midterm prognosis of TAVR in patients with BAV and TAV stenosis is similar. Clinical trials of large sample size with long-term follow-up are warranted to verify our findings.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (7): 25-30, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32736460

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of aortic valve replacement through upper partial J-shaped sternotomy compared to conventional sternotomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were 240 procedures of isolated aortic valve replacement for the period 2012-2017. According to inclusion criteria, 112 patients were randomized into 2 groups: group I - median sternotomy, group II - upper partial J-shaped sternotomy. Mean age of patients was 56.1±14.3 and 53.1±14.9 years, respectively (p=0.284). Females prevailed in both groups (55.4% vs. 57.1%, p=0.848). Peak pressure gradient on the aortic valve was 106.2±23.9 and 102.8±25.3 mm Hg, respectively (p=0.484). RESULTS: In-hospital mortality was 1.8% (n=1) in group I (p=0.315). Incidence of postoperative complications (complete atrioventricular blockade, ventricular septal defect) was similar (p=1.0). Mean time cross clamping in I and II groups was 65.5±12.5 and 64.7±13.1 min (p=0.729). Mean follow-up period was 31.6 and 33.5 months, respectively. Kaplan-Meier survival rate was 92.6 and 93.0%, respectively (log-rank test=0,767). Freedom from thromboembolic events was 91.7 and 90% (log-rank test=0.213). CONCLUSION. U: Pper partial J-shaped sternotomy is safe and effective for aortic valve surgery and characterized by similar outcomes compared to conventional sternotomy.


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Esternotomia/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Am Heart J ; 228: 57-64, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32828047

RESUMO

AIMS: Data regarding outcomes for patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) with concomitant aortic insufficiency (AI), undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) are limited. This study aimed to analyze the prevalence of severe AS with concomitant AI among patients undergoing TAVR and outcomes of TAVR in this patient group. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using data from the STS/ACC-TVT Registry, we identified patients with severe AS with or without concomitant AI who underwent TAVR between 2011 and 2016. Patients were categorized based on the severity of pre-procedural AI. Multivariable proportional hazards regression models were used to examine all-cause mortality and heart failure (HF) hospitalization at 1-year. Among 54,535 patients undergoing TAVR, 42,568 (78.1%) had severe AS with concomitant AI. Device success was lower in patients with severe AS with concomitant AI as compared with isolated AS. The presence of baseline AI was associated with lower 1 year mortality (HR 0.94 per 1 grade increase in AI severity; 95% CI, 0.91-0.98, P < .001) and HF hospitalization (HR 0.87 per 1 grade increase in AI severity; 95% CI, 0.84-0.91, P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Severe AS with concomitant AI is common among patients undergoing TAVR, and is associated with lower 1 year mortality and HF hospitalization. Future studies are warranted to better understand the mechanisms underlying this benefit. SHORT ABSTRACT: In this nationally representative analysis from the United States, 78.1% of patients undergoing TAVR had severe AS with concomitant AI. Device success was lower in patients with severe AS with concomitant AI as compared with isolated AS. The presence of baseline AI was associated with lower 1 year mortality (HR 0.94 per 1 grade increase in AI severity; 95% CI, 0.91-0.98, P < .001) and HF hospitalization (HR 0.87 per 1 grade increase in AI severity; 95% CI, 0.84-0.91, P < .001).


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica , Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Valva Aórtica , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/complicações , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/complicações , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/epidemiologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
17.
Am Heart J ; 228: 27-35, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32745733

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited data suggest that transcatheter (TAVR) as compared with surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) may be more effective in female than male patients. To date, most evidence is derived from subgroup analyses of large trials, and a dedicated randomized trial evaluating whether there is a difference in outcomes between these interventions in women is warranted. The RHEIA trial will compare the safety and efficacy of TAVR with SAVR in women with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis requiring aortic valve intervention, irrespective of surgical risk. METHODS/DESIGN: The RHEIA trial is a prospective, randomized, controlled study that will enroll up to 440 patients across 35 sites in Europe. Women with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis, with any but prohibitive surgical risk status, will be randomized 1:1 to undergo aortic valve intervention with either transfemoral TAVR with the SAPIEN 3 or SAPIEN 3 Ultra device or SAVR and followed up for 1 year. The objective is to determine whether TAVR is non-inferior to SAVR in this patient population and, if this is fulfilled whether TAVR is actually superior to SAVR. The primary safety/efficacy endpoint is a composite of all-cause mortality, all stroke, and re-hospitalization (for valve or procedure-related symptoms or worsening congestive heart failure) at 1 year post-procedure. Other outcomes (assessed at 30 days and/or 1 year) include all-cause mortality; bleeding, vascular, cardiac, cerebrovascular and renal complications; aortic valve prosthesis and left ventricular function; cognitive function, health status, and quality of life. DISCUSSION: The RHEIA study has been designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of TAVR compared with SAVR specifically in women with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis, irrespective of the level of surgical risk. The results will be the first to provide specific randomized evidence to guide treatment selection in female patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov: NCT04160130.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Valva Aórtica , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Qualidade de Vida , Risco Ajustado/métodos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/psicologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/efeitos adversos , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/classificação , Humanos , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/psicologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/instrumentação , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos
18.
J Card Surg ; 35(8): 1840-1847, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32643831

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Porcine aortic roots (PAR) have been reported in the literature with acceptable short- and long-term outcomes for the treatment of aortic root aneurysms. However, their efficacy in type A aortic dissection (TAAD) is yet to be defined. METHODS: Using data from a locally collated aortic dissection registry, we compared the outcomes in patients undergoing aortic root replacement for TAAD using either of two surgical options: (a) PAR or (b) composite valve grafts (CVG). A retrospective analysis was conducted for all procedures in the period from 2005 to 2018. RESULTS: A total of 252 patients underwent procedures for TAAD in the time period. Sixty-five patients had aortic root replacements (PAR n = 30, CVG n = 35). Between-group comparisons identified a younger CVG group (50.5 vs 64.5, P < .05) although all other covariates were comparable. Operative parameters were comparable between the two groups. The use of PAR did not significantly impact operative mortality (odds ratio [OR], 0.93; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.22-3.61; P = .992), stroke (OR, 2.91, 0.25-34.09, P = .395), reoperation (OR, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.22-3.62; P = .882) or length of stay (coeff 2.33, -8.23 to 12.90; P = .659) compared to CVG. Five-year survival was similar between both groups (PAR 59% vs CVG 69%; P = .153) and reoperation was negligible. Echocardiography revealed significantly lower aortic valve gradients in the PAR group (8.69 vs 15.45mm Hg; P < .0001), and smaller left ventricular dimensions both at 6-week and 1-year follow-up (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the comparable short- and midterm outcomes of PAR in cases of TAAD, in comparison to established therapy.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Animais , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Suínos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Kyobu Geka ; 73(7): 504-509, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32641669

RESUMO

Here we demonstrate concomitant arrhythmic surgery during minimally invasive aortic valve replacement via a right mini-thoracotomy. This procedure is performed through the transverse sinus;therefore, skin incision should be laterally shifted. After cardiac arrest, pulling up the ascending aorta offers fine exposure of the transverse sinus. The left atrial appendage is resected by a surgical stapling device. Then the ligament of Marshall is divided and the pericardial reflection at the left upper pulmonary vein is bluntly dissected. The articulating radiofrequency clamp is introduced into the oblique sinus under the aorta and the left pulmonary veins are electrically isolated. Finally, aortic valve replacement is performed in a standard manner.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Toracotomia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Kyobu Geka ; 73(7): 510-515, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32641670

RESUMO

Totally endoscopic aortic valve replacement (TE-AVR) is still challenging, and few series report exist even today. In 2015, we started to use three-dimensional (3D) endoscope and we also introduced TE-AVR. Patient is placed in the partial left lateral position. The main wound is created in right antero-lateral 4th intercostal space through 4 cm skin incision. No rib spreader is used. 3D endoscope is inserted on the mid-axillary line. A 5 mm trocar was inserted in the 3rd intercostal space, thus creating 3-port setting similarly to that for endoscopic mitral valve surgery. All sutures are tied using a knot-pusher. We have performed 106 cases of TE-AVR. Compared with transaxillary AVR, there were no significant differences between the 2 groups in the hospital deaths or MACCE. Postoperative hospital stays became shorter in totally endoscopic group. In conclusion, TE-AVR was possible through 3 ports created in the right antero-lateral chest similarly to the endoscopic mitral valve surgery. Transaxillary approach seemed to be suitable for the TE-AVR. By adopting common approach for both mitral valve surgery and aortic valve surgery, endoscopic double valve surgery could be performed seamlessly.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Endoscópios , Endoscopia , Humanos
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