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1.
J Int Med Res ; 50(1): 3000605211069751, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35001697

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To present the authors' experience of Mahaim-type accessory pathways (MAPs), focusing on anatomic localizations. METHODS: Data from consecutive patients who underwent electrophysiological study (EPS) for MAP ablation in two tertiary centres, between January 1998 and June 2020, were retrospectively analysed. RESULTS: Of the 55 included patients, 27 (49.1%) were male, and the overall mean age was 29.5 ± 11.6 years (range, 12-66 years). MAPs were ablated at the tricuspid annulus in 43 patients (78.2%), mitral annulus in four patients (7.3%), paraseptal region in three patients (5.5%), and right ventricle mid-apical region in five patients (9.1%). Among 49 patients who planned for ablation therapy, the success rate was 91.8% (45 patients). CONCLUSION: MAPs were most often ablated at the lateral aspect of the tricuspid annuli, sometimes at other sides of the tricuspid and mitral annuli, and infrequently in the right ventricle. The M potential mapping technique is likely to be a useful target for ablation of MAPs.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter , Pré-Excitação Tipo Mahaim , Adolescente , Adulto , Eletrocardiografia , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos , Masculino , Valva Mitral , Pré-Excitação Tipo Mahaim/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
2.
J Card Surg ; 37(1): 225-233, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34532900

RESUMO

Mitral regurgitation (MR) is one of the most prevalent valvular pathologies in the developed world. There continues to be a growing population of aging patients with MR who may be too high risk for surgical management. The rapid adoption and remarkable success of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) generated enthusiasm for transcatheter mitral valve therapies; however, the complex anatomy and pathophysiology of the mitral valve confers several unique challenges for a fully percutaneous approach. Nevertheless, several devices are under development and in various phases of preclinical or clinical testing, both for transcatheter mitral valve replacement and repair. MitraClip (Abbott Vascular), which has received FDA approval, is the most established percutaneous repair strategy and has been performed in over 80,000 patients as of 2019. The following article serves as a review of the available and upcoming devices for the various etiologies of mitral valvular disease, as well as the unique challenges and potential complications of transcatheter mitral valve intervention.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Curr Probl Diagn Radiol ; 51(1): 121-129, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33414038

RESUMO

Increasingly, computed tomography is requested for preoperative planning prior to cardiac surgery. Common pathologies, such as aortic and mitral annular calcification, can influence the choice of surgical technique or approach. In this article, we present a case-based review of primary and reoperative sternotomies that focuses on the clinical relevance of the common pathologies and findings in pre-operative computed tomography images, with respect to surgical decision-making and management.


Assuntos
Calcinose , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Adulto , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
4.
Equine Vet J ; 54(1): 167-175, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33555625

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The morphometric studies of the atrioventricular valves are still limited in the horse. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the anatomy of the atrioventricular valves in the horse, focusing on the morphometric features of the valvular leaflets and the tendinous cords. We hypothesised that accessory leaflets occur commonly and exist as independent structures in the atrioventricular valves of the horse. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive anatomical study. METHODS: Twenty normal hearts from slaughtered half-bred horses were used. The cardiac weight and circumference were recorded. The atrioventricular valves were exposed by excision of the atria, and the tricuspid and mitral annular diameters and circumferences were measured; the number of leaflets and tendinous cords for each atrioventricular ostium were then counted. The atrioventricular valves were isolated and the width, height and thickness of each leaflet were measured. RESULTS: In addition to the principal leaflets, accessory leaflets were identified in 39 of 40 cardiac valves, 2 to 6 accessory leaflets for the mitral valve and 1 to 4 for the tricuspid valve. All the accessory leaflets were separated from the adjacent leaflets at their insertion. They were narrower and thinner than the principal leaflets, and were attached to a single papillary muscle; 95% of the accessory leaflets had two tendinous cords shared with the adjacent leaflets while a minority (34%) had their own specific tendinous cord. MAIN LIMITATIONS: Lack of signalment data from the study population. CONCLUSIONS: Supernumerary leaflets occurred commonly in the atrioventricular valves of the horse and appeared as independent structures. The clinical relevance of increased numbers of commissures that result from accessory leaflets and their relationship with valvular regurgitation are currently unknown.


Assuntos
Valva Mitral , Valva Tricúspide , Animais , Átrios do Coração , Cavalos
5.
J Card Surg ; 37(1): 258-259, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34318536

RESUMO

Redo mitral valve replacement remains the standard treatment for recurrent mitral valve disease. Most patients referred for a redo surgery in the western world are older and present with multiple comorbidities. With the successful broad implementation of anti-infective treatment, rheumatic mitral valve disease has become highly uncommon. Nonetheless, rheumatic heart disease is still thriving in developing countries causing the most severe mitral valve conditions. The guidelines are there to help us in our decision-making process, but the actual decision has to be made based on each patients' individual criteria.


Assuntos
Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Cardiopatia Reumática , Países em Desenvolvimento , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Humanos , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Reoperação , Cardiopatia Reumática/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Heart Lung Circ ; 31(1): 42-48, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34389252

RESUMO

Secondary mitral regurgitation (MR) and heart failure are mutually dependent. Secondary MR occurs as a consequence of heart failure in patients with impaired left ventricular (LV) function, decreasing cardiac efficiency, accelerating a decline in contractility and worsening the already dismal prognosis of these patients. Advances in transcatheter techniques have now given promise to improved survival, outcomes, and quality of life for patients with advanced heart failure and secondary MR. Although transcatheter edge-to-edge repair is well established, transapical transcatheter mitral valve implantation (TMVI) may represent a more durable solution for correction of secondary MR without the need for cardiopulmonary bypass. Correction of MR, however, is thought to acutely increase LV afterload due to the elimination of low afterload regurgitant flow. In high-risk patients, this may cause acute decompensated heart failure. Off-pump TMVI on a beating heart poses a number of unique challenges, but also the opportunity to study invasive haemodynamic indices in high-risk heart failure patients for the first time. In the following discussion, we review the acute haemodynamic changes during off-pump TMVI in patients with heart failure in order to better guide optimal patient selection and management.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
J Card Surg ; 37(1): 84-87, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34665476

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: One of the surgical options available for ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) is mitral valve repair but is limited by recurrent regurgitation as it is experienced by a significant percentage of patients and has a negative impact on patient outcomes. Efforts to model and identify predictors of recurrent MR rely on complicated echocardiographic and clinical measurements that are subjective and not routinely collected. AIMS: Kachroo et al. approached this problem in a unique way by using the STS database and machine learning (ML) to develop models that predict recurrent MR or death at 1 year. DISCUSSION: The STS database contains many routinely collected demographic and clinical parameters but requires a methodology, such as ML, that will accommodate collinearity and the unknown significance of many predictors. Kachroo et al. developed three good ML models with the area under curve 0.72-0.75. Data-driven selection of important predictors showed that three revascularization targets, peripheral vascular disease, and use of ß-blockers are most predictive of recurrent MR. CONCLUSION: We applaud the authors for pioneering a novel methodology and paving the way for a bright future in ML which includes integrating medical imaging, waveform, and genomic data to practice personalized medicine for our patients.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Card Surg ; 37(1): 18-28, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34669218

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) risk models for predicting outcomes of mitral valve surgery (MVS) assume a linear and cumulative impact of variables. We evaluated postoperative MVS outcomes and designed mortality and morbidity risk calculators to supplement the STS risk score. METHODS: Data from the STS Adult Cardiac Surgery Database for MVS was used from 2008 to 2017. The data included 383,550 procedures and 89 variables. Machine learning (ML) algorithms were employed to train models to predict postoperative outcomes for MVS patients. Each model's discrimination and calibration performance were validated using unseen data against the STS risk score. RESULTS: Comprehensive mortality and morbidity risk assessment scores were derived from a training set of 287,662 observations. The area under the curve (AUC) for mortality ranged from 0.77 to 0.83, leading to a 3% increase in predictive accuracy compared to the STS score. Logistic Regression and eXtreme Gradient Boosting achieved the highest AUC for prolonged ventilation (0.82) and deep sternal wound infection (0.78 and 0.77) respectively. EXtreme Gradient Boosting performed the best with an AUC of 0.815 for renal failure. For permanent stroke prediction all models performed similarly with an AUC around 0.67. The ML models led to improved calibration performance for mortality, prolonged ventilation, and renal failure, especially in cases of reconstruction/repair and replacement surgery. CONCLUSIONS: The proposed risk models complement existing STS models in predicting mortality, prolonged ventilation, and renal failure, allowing healthcare providers to more accurately assess a patient's risk of morbidity and mortality when undergoing MVS.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Cirurgiões , Adulto , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
9.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 17: 801-807, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34916798

RESUMO

Background: Severe mitral annulus calcification (MAC) is believed to bear high operative and post-operative risk during mitral valve replacement (MVR) surgery, including longer surgery time, post-surgical valvular leaks and increased rate of embolic phenomena. We hypothesized that quantification of mitral calcium in pre-operative chest computerized tomography (CCT), performed to assess aortic root before cross-clamping may help in risk assessment of adverse intraoperative and postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing MVR. Methods: We included patients who underwent MVR between the years 2015 and 2018 at Poriya medical center. Preoperative CCT was performed using Philips iCT 256 and Agatston mitral annulus calcium score (MACS) was retrospectively calculated using Philips Intellispace portal version 8.0. Patients were divided into MACS quintiles; 1-3 quintiles were grouped (Low MACS) and compared to the 4-5 quintiles (High MACS) group for demographic, clinical operative and post-operative parameters. Results: A total of 66 patients had MVR, out of which 61% were males, with mean age of 64±9. Concomitant coronary or valvular procedures were done in 60% of patients. The median MACS was 43. High MACS (≥854) was not associated with longer bypass or cross clamp times. No differences in the MVR results were found between the groups. There were 6 post-operative embolic events; 1 mesenteric and 5 cerebral, which were not associated with MACS. Conclusion: MACS did not seem to be related to adverse outcomes in MVR. Due to a low event rate and probable pre-selection of patients without extreme mitral annulus calcifications our results should be confirmed in larger prospective study.


Assuntos
Calcinose , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Idoso , Cálcio , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Período Pré-Operatório
10.
Rev Port Cardiol (Engl Ed) ; 40(12): 933-941, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34922700

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Transapical off-pump NeoChord DS1000™ implantation is a minimally invasive surgical mitral valve repair (MVr) procedure to treat degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR), which is performed using the NeoChord DS1000™ system with two and three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiographic guidance on a beating heart. It has been demonstrated to be safe and effective in carefully selected patients. OBJECTIVE: The authors aim to analyze short-term clinical and echocardiographic results after mitral valve repair using the NeoChord™ system. METHODS: All patients that underwent transapical off-pump mitral valve repair with NeoChord™ implantation at our center, between December 2017 and December 2019, were included. The procedure was performed by left minithoracotomy, under general anesthesia. All patients presented severe primary MR due to flail/prolapse of one leaflet (anterior or posterior). RESULTS: Eighteen patients were included in the analysis, the mean age was 65±15 years, 72% were male. The mean EuroSCORE II was 1.9±1.6. All patients had New York Heart Association (NYHA) class ≥ II. Mean effective regurgitant orifice area was 1.0±0.4 cm2, with a mean regurgitant volume 146±42 mL, and a mean leaflet-to-annulus index of 1.29±0.14. MR was due to leaflet prolapse in 50% (N=9), and flail leaflet in 50% (N=9). Anatomic type A (isolated P2 defect) was the predominant form in 66.5% (N=12). Successful repair, defined by none, trace or mild mitral regurgitation, by implantation of two to four neochordae, was achieved in all 18 patients. No major complications arose intra-procedurally. The median follow-up was 194 days. NYHA class was ≤II in 94.5% patients at six-month follow-up, which represented a significant improvement in symptomatic status (p=0.002). At follow-up, 72% of patients (N=13) had grade ≤2 MR. There was a significant reduction in mean indexed left atrium volume (63±7 mL/m2 vs. 45±6 mL/m2, p=0.038), mean indexed left ventricular end-diastolic volume (87±7 mL/m2 vs. 79±9 ml/m2, p=0.001), and pulmonary arterial systolic pressure (44±4 vs. 31±8 mmHg, p=0.002). The re-intervention rate was 11.1% (N=2, both patients underwent reintervention, either a re-do NeoChord™ or conventional MV repair on-pump surgery). No major adverse cardiac or cerebrovascular events were registered. CONCLUSIONS: In selected patients, minimally invasive MVr using the NeoChord™ system is safe, effective and reproducible. Early clinical and echocardiographic results suggest a significant symptomatic improvement, sustained MR grade decrease, and favorable left cardiac chamber remodeling, with low re-intervention rates. These results warrant further confirmation in larger cohorts, on longer period of follow-up.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Portugal , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 1250, 2021 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34906094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bacterial infective endocarditis caused by Proteus mirabilis is rare and there are few cases in the literature. The natural history and treatment of this disease is not as clear but presumed to be associated with complicated urinary tract infection (cUTI). CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old female with a history of rheumatoid arthritis, factor V Leiden hypercoagulability, and prior saddle pulmonary embolism presented to the emergency department following a mechanical fall. Computed Tomography showed evidence of acute/subacute splenic emboli. Complicated UTI was likely secondary to a ureteral stone. Blood and urine cultures also grew out P. mirabilis. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a mobile echogenic density on the anterior mitral valve (MV) leaflet consistent with a vegetation. The patient underwent MV replacement, and P. mirabilis was isolated from the surgically removed valve. CONCLUSIONS: We hypothesize that the patient's immunocompromised status following steroid and Janus Kinase inhibitor usage for rheumatoid arthritis contributed to Gram-negative bacteremia following P. mirabilis UTI, ultimately seeding the native MV. Additional studies with larger numbers of Proteus endocarditis cases are needed to investigate an association between immunosuppression and Proteus species endocarditis.


Assuntos
Endocardite , Proteus mirabilis , Idoso , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Endocardite/diagnóstico por imagem , Endocardite/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem
14.
Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba ; 78(4): 402-404, 2021 12 28.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34962730

RESUMO

Introducción: La válvula mitral en paracaídas-like es una anomalía congénita caracterizada por una disposición asimétrica de los músculos papilares, siendo las pruebas de imagen cardiaca son el procedimiento de elección tanto para el diagnóstico anatómico como para realizar la valoración funcional de este tipo de anomalía estructural. Caso Clínico: Paciente con cuadro de descompensación hemodinámica en el cual se diagnóstica de manera incidental de una valvulopatía mitral en forma de paracaídas-like. Los hallazgos de imagen por ecocardiografía transtorácica y resonancia magnética ponen de manifiesto la presencia de 2 músculos papilares, ambos con inserción en segmento lateral apical confirmando una válvula mitral asimétrica con similitud a su morfología en paracaídas. Discusión: La válvula mitral en paracaídas es una anomalía congénita poco común constituyente en la presencia de dos músculos papilares siendo uno de ellos más elongado y adherido al velo mitral de forma contigua, mostrándose en algunos casos pequeñas cuerdas tendinosas asociadas. Puede presentar una evolución benigna siendo un hallazgo casual o asociarse a repercusión hemodinámica valvular como el caso presentado. Conclusión: La válvula mitral en paracaídas-like es una anomalía congénita caracterizada por una disposición asimétrica de los músculos papilares, siendo su evolución muy variable, pudiendo pasar desapercibida o afectando de forma significativa a la mecánica valvular.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Músculos Papilares , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Músculos Papilares/diagnóstico por imagem
15.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 78(25): 2537-2546, 2021 12 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34915984

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Echocardiography guidelines note that a flail leaflet is a specific criterion for severe mitral regurgitation (MR) and that regurgitant severity is underestimated in wall-impinging jets (Coanda effect). Both findings are often considered to be pathognomonic of severe MR. OBJECTIVES: In this study, the authors sought to determine the association of flail leaflet and Coanda effect with MR severity quantified by means of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). METHODS: The authors enrolled 158 consecutive patients with primary MR according to echocardiography and CMR. The presence of a flail leaflet or Coanda was determined for each patient. CMR regurgitant volume (RV) and regurgitant fraction (RF) were quantified for all patients. RESULTS: There were 55 patients (35%) with a flail leaflet, 52 (33%) with Coanda, and 22 (14%) with a flail leaflet and Coanda. The mean CMR mitral RV and RF progressively increased in patients without a Coanda or flail, a Coanda, a flail, or a Coanda and a flail (RV: 28 ± 21 mL vs 43 ± 23 mL vs 58 ± 29 mL vs 64 ± 25 mL [P < 0.001]; RF: 25% ± 16% vs 34% ± 14% vs 41% ± 12% vs 45% ± 12% [P < 0.001]). With the use of CMR RV, 35%, 46%, and 59% of patients had severe MR with the presence of a Coanda, flail leaflet, or both, respectively. With the use of CMR RF, 25%, 31%, and 40% of patients had severe MR with the presence of a Coanda, flail leaflet, or both, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: While the presence of a flail leaflet and Coanda effect on echocardiography are associated with higher regurgitant volumes and fractions, they are frequently not associated with severe MR as assessed by means of CMR. (Comparison Study of Echocardiography and Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Assessment of Mitral and Aortic Regurgitation; NCT04038879).


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem Cardíaca , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Algoritmos , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
17.
Ann Card Anaesth ; 24(4): 487-489, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34747761

RESUMO

Double-orifice mitral valve is a rare congenital anomaly being associated with other cardiac defects and rarely presented in isolation. Valve function can be preserved for long and it is usually an incidental finding. We present an unusual case of double-orifice mitral valve with mitral regurgitation in a middle-aged man associated with the atrial septal defect, highlighting the role of three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia
18.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(11)2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34815226

RESUMO

A 32-year-old, 11-week pregnant African woman with known rheumatic heart disease presented to the emergency department with worsening shortness of breath on exertion. She had undergone a double bioprosthetic valve replacement and left atrial appendage resection 8 years prior for severe mitral stenosis, moderate mitral regurgitation and moderate aortic regurgitation. A transo-oesophageal echocardiography at this presentation confirmed a morphologically calcified and stenosed mitral bioprosthesis, with moderate stenosis of her aortic bioprosthesis. Her multidisciplinary team, including cardiologists, cardiothoracic surgeons and obstetricians, came to a consensus decision to proceed with a transseptal transcatheter valve implantation within the mitral valve prosthesis (valve-in-valve implantation). Transthoracic echocardiography performed 2 months post procedure showed satisfactory mitral valve gradients and at 30 weeks' gestation, she successfully delivered her fifth child. 2 years later, the valve in valve complex is still functioning well.


Assuntos
Bioprótese , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Adulto , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Gravidez , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(6): 1022-1027, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34841772

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the safety and medium- and long-term efficacy of surgical radiofrequency ablation to treat atrial fibrillation during concomitant mitral valve surgery. Methods: From January 2014 to December 2018, 280 patients with mitral valve disease and the comorbidity of preoperative atrial fibrillation were recruited for the study. Among them, 130 patients received only mitral valve surgery (non-ablation group), and 150 patients were underwent surgical radiofrequency ablation for the atrial fibrillation during concomitant mitral valve surgery (ablation group). Among the 150 patients of the ablation group, 80 had biatrial ablation, and 70 had left atrial ablation. Under general anesthesia, median sternotomy was done on all patients and cardiopulmonary bypass was established through the ascending aorta and superior and inferior venae cavae. After aortic occlusion, patients in the ablation group underwent the ablation procedure with the Atricure® bipolar ablation device, using the Cox Maze Ⅲ procedure as a reference. In addition, the left atrial appendage was removed and electrocautery of the ligament of Marshall and Waterston's groove were performed in all Cox Maze cases. Following ablation, mitral valve replacement or repair was performed. All patients were given 200 mg oral amiodarone on the first day after surgery, for three times/d×7 d, which was followed by twice/d×7 d, and then oral amiodarone 200 mg/d was maintained till the end of 3 months after surgery (ablation group) or 12 months after surgery (non-ablation group). Patients were followed up at the intervals of 3 months, 6 months, 12 months, 2 years, 3 years, and 5 years after discharge. The follow-up service included standard 12-lead chest electrocardiogram (ECG) and 24-h dynamic ECG. The primary end point of the study was the time point of postoperative atrial fibrillation and the secondary endpoints were major cardiovascular events, death, and readmission due to heart failure. Results: The surgeries were successfully performed in all subjects of the study. A total of 30 patients were lost to follow-up within 5 years after operation (10.7% losses to follow-up), including 11 patients in the ablation group and 19 patients in the non-ablation group. The proportion of patients who did not have atrial fibrillation in the ablation group and the non-ablation group at 6 months, 12 months, 2 years, 3 years and 5 years after surgery was 83.3% and 27.7%, 72.7% and 20.8%, 66.0% and 15.4% 61.3% and 13.1%, and 43.3% and 10.8%, respectively, with the data from the two groups showing statistically significant difference ( P<0.001). The proportion of patients who did not have atrial fibrillation in the biatrial ablation and the left atrial ablation group at 6 months, 12 months, 2 years, 3 years and 5 years after surgery was 87.3% and 87.5%, 92.4% and 82.8%, 90.5% and 85.7%, 94.8% and 88.1%, and 75.5% and 69.4%%, respectively, with the data from the two groups showing no statistically significant difference ( P>0.05). However, the cumulative incidence of atrial fibrillation in the two groups showed statistically significant difference ( P<0.001). There were no deaths within 30 days after operation in either group. There was no significant difference in cerebrovascular accident, readmission for heart failure, pulmonary infection and mediastinal infection between the two groups within one year after operation ( P>0.05). However, the proportion of patients who had permanent pacemaker installed due to Ⅲ-degree atrioventricular block in the ablation group was higher than that in the non-ablation group ( P<0.05). The proportion of patients who required re-drainage due to delayed pericardial effusion in the ablation group was higher than that in the non-ablation group ( P<0.05). Conclusion: In the group of patients who had modified Cox Maze procedure with bipolar ablation device to treat atrial fibrillation during concomitant mitral valve surgery, the maintenance rate of sinus rhythm after cardioversion was significantly higher than that in the non-ablation group. The surgery showed better safety and significantly better medium- and long-term outcomes. Left atrial ablation and biatrial ablation were both considered safe and effective surgical treatment for atrial fibrillation. Compared with the left atrial ablation group, the biatrial ablation group achieved better effects in restoring and maintaining sinus rhythm without an increase the incidence of perioperative complications.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Ablação por Cateter , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Humanos , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(11)2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34833397

RESUMO

Background: Minimally invasive mitral valve (MV) surgery has emerged as an alternative to conventional sternotomy aiming to decrease surgical trauma. The aim of the study was to describe our experience with minimally invasive MV surgery through partial upper sternotomy (PUS) regarding short- and long-term outcomes. Methods: From January 2004 through March 2014, 419 patients with a median age of 58.9 years (interquartile range 18.7; 31.7% females) underwent isolated primary MV surgery using PUS. Myxomatous degenerative MV disease was the predominant pathology (77%). The patients' mean EuroSCORE II risk profile was 3.9 ± 3.6%. Results: Mitral valve repair was performed in 384 patients (91.6%) and replacement in 35 patients (8.4%). Thirty-day mortality was 3.1%. In total, 29 (6.9%) deaths occurred during the follow-up. The overall estimated survival at 1, 5, and 10 years was 93.1 ± 1.3%, 87.1 ± 1.9%, and 81.1 ± 3.4%. Reoperation was necessary in 14 (3.3%) patients. The overall freedom from MV reoperation at 1, 5, and 10 years was 98.2 ± 0.7%, 96.1 ± 1.2%, and 86.7 ± 6.7% and the overall freedom from recurrent MV regurgitation > grade 2 in repaired valves at 1, 5, and 10 years was 98.8 ± 0.6%, 98.8 ± 0.6%, and 94.6 ± 3.3%. Conclusions: Minimally invasive MV surgery via PUS can be performed with particularly good early and late results. Thus, the PUS approach with the use of standard surgical instruments and cannulation techniques can be a valuable option for the MV surgery either in patients contraindicated or not suitable to minithoracotomy.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esternotomia , Resultado do Tratamento
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