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1.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(1): 164-170, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33397869

RESUMO

Standard mitral valve replacement in patients with chronic mitral valve regurgitation and mitral valve stenosis consistently results in a decrease in early postoperative left ventricular ejection performance. Some studies showed that preservation of mitral valve leaflet and subvalvular apparatus can reduce postoperative left ventricular dysfunction. On the basis of the concept, this randomized clinical trial comparing mitral valve replacement with preservation of mitral subvalvular apparatus and conventional mitral valve replacement performed in National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases (NICVD), Dhaka, Bangladesh, in the period of July 2010 to December 2011. We included 60 patients of mitral regurgitation and mitral stenosis, among them 30 patients underwent mitral valve replacement with preservation of mitral subvalvular apparatus (Group A) and 30 patients underwent conventional mitral valve replacement (Group B). There was no significant difference between two groups in terms of peri-operative variables. But there was significant higher incidence of Low cardiac output (LOS) syndrome [36.7% vs. 6.9% (p<0.05)] and congestive heart failure in Group B than Group A. The duration of ICU stay was also significantly higher in conventional mitral valve replacement group [113.23±11.30 hours vs. 96.23±20.02 (p=0.001)]. Additionally, there was significantly less fall of left ventricular ejection fraction in preservation of mitral subvalvular apparatus group [preop 65.27±5.45, at discharge 54.31±3.78, after 3 months 58.28±5.20 (p<0.0001)] than conventional group [preop 66.43±4.58, at discharge 46.43±3.87, after 3 months 46.55±3.63 (p<0.0001)]. In this study left ventricular ejection fraction was used as measure of left ventricular function. We postulate that, this relative preservation of left ventricular ejection fraction was likely the result of preservation of mitral subvalvular apparatus.


Assuntos
Baixo Débito Cardíaco , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Bangladesh , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Incidência , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Volume Sistólico , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
2.
Am. heart j ; 231: 128-136, Jan. 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1145450

RESUMO

Background The efficacy and safety of rivaroxaban in patients with bioprosthetic mitral valves and atrial fibrillation or flutter remain uncertain. Design RIVER was an academic-led, multicenter, open-label, randomized, non-inferiority trial with blinded outcome adjudication that enrolled 1005 patients from 49 sites in Brazil. Patients with a bioprosthetic mitral valve and atrial fibrillation or flutter were randomly assigned (1:1) to rivaroxaban 20 mg once daily (15 mg in those with creatinine clearance <50 mL/min) or dose-adjusted warfarin (target international normalized ratio 2.0-30.); the follow-up period was 12 months. The primary outcome was a composite of all-cause mortality, stroke, transient ischemic attack, major bleeding, valve thrombosis, systemic embolism, or hospitalization for heart failure. Secondary outcomes included individual components of the primary composite outcome, bleeding events, and venous thromboembolism. Summary RIVER represents the largest trial specifically designed to assess the efficacy and safety of a direct oral anticoagulant in patients with bioprosthetic mitral valves and atrial fibrillation or flutter. The results of this trial can inform clinical practice and international guidelines.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Rivaroxabana , Bioprótese , Valva Mitral , Anticoagulantes
3.
Cardiovasc Pathol ; 50: 107277, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882373

RESUMO

Mitral valve is a complex cardiac structure composed of several components to work in synchrony to allow blood flow into left ventricle during diastole and not to allow blood flow into left atrium during systole. Accessory mitral valve tissue (AMVT) was defined as existence of any additional part and parcel of valvular structure which has an attachment to normal mitral valve apparatus in left-sided cardiac chambers. AMVT may present itself in different clinical circumstances ranging from a silent clinical course to thromboembolic events, heart failure, left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, and severe arrhythmia. This article reviews the clinical perspectives of AMVT in terms of symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment, providing a new anatomical classification regarding the location of AMVT. Briefly type I refers to AMVT having attachments on the supra leaflets level, type II refers to attachments on the mitral leaflets, and type III refers to attachment below the mitral leaflets. Increased awareness and widespread use of echocardiographic techniques would increase recognition of AMVT in patients with heart murmurs but otherwise healthy and in those with left ventricular outflow tract obstruction or tissue which causes subaortic stenosis and with unexplained cerebrovascular events.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas , Valva Mitral/anormalidades , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/terapia , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Tromboembolia/etiologia , Obstrução do Fluxo Ventricular Externo/etiologia
4.
Kyobu Geka ; 73(11): 940-943, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130719

RESUMO

A 42-year-old woman had undergone aortic valve replacement with a 19 mm bioprosthetic valve for aortic stenosis due to a bicuspid valve 8 years before. She was admitted to our hospital for valve re-replacement owing to the prosthetic valve dysfunction. As the patient's valve annulus was markedly thickened owing to pannus formation, we were unable to pass a 19 mm valve sizer through the annulus even after removal of the prosthetic valve and the tissue surrounding the annulus. Valve re-replacement combined with patch enlargement of the aortic annulus was performed to obtain maximally effective orifice area. Her postoperative course was uneventful, and echocardiography revealed no perivalvular leak. In valve re-replacement, it is important to remove the prosthetic valve and the tissue surrounding the annulus to the greatest extent possible and consider patch enlargement of the aortic annulus to avoid patient-prosthesis mismatch in a patient with a small aortic annulus.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica , Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Adulto , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Valva Mitral
5.
Kyobu Geka ; 73(11): 944-946, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130720

RESUMO

We report a case of surgical treatment of mitral valve stenosis due to severe calcification on the glutaraldehyde-treated autologous pericardium. A 39-year-old woman presented with progressive dyspnea. She had undergone mitral valve repair by leaflet augmentation with a glutaraldehyde-treated autologous pericardium for mitral regurgitation 3 years before. Transthoracic echocardiography showed mitral valve stenosis with limited movement of the anterior leaflet. At redo surgery, severe calcification was observed of the glutaraldehyde-treated autologous pericardium patch on the anterior mitral leaflet. Mitral valve replacement was performed successfully, and she was discharged on postoperative day 14.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Valva Mitral , Adulto , Feminino , Glutaral , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Pericárdio/cirurgia , Pericárdio/transplante , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Kyobu Geka ; 73(11): 947-949, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130721

RESUMO

A 76-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital complaining of dyspnea on effort. Echocardiography showed severe mitral regurgitation. Her medical history indicated that she was allergic to metal, and skin patch tests were positive for nickel, cobalt, platinum, manganese, iridium, chromium, and zinc. Valvuloplasty involved triangular resection of P2 and mitral valve annuloplasty with a metal-free, 29 mm Tailor Flexible Ring. The sternum was closed using polyester non-absorbable sutures instead of surgical steel wire. Her postoperative course was uneventful and she was discharged on postoperative day 21. Nine months later, she is well and free of allergic symptoms.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Idoso , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipersensibilidade/etiologia , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia
7.
Kyobu Geka ; 73(11): 950-953, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130722

RESUMO

A 33-year-old man presenting with fever, fatigue, and delirium was diagnosed with infectious endocarditis(IE). He had already undergone surgery for IE twice;initial valve repair 4 years ago and mitral valve replacement(MVR) 1 year later. He has refractory atopic dermatitis, which was considered to be the cause of his repeated IE. Initially, antibiotics were administered but the infection was not controlled. Therefore, we decided to perform the 3rd surgery. MVR was performed, and using bovine pericardium, we covered valve cuff and suture felts to separete these parts from blood stream. Postoperative echocardiography showed good prosthetic valve motion without transvalvular regurgitation or paravalvular leak. He was discharged on the 39th postoperative day and has been doing well for 2 years since.


Assuntos
Endocardite , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Adulto , Animais , Bovinos , Endocardite/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Pericárdio , Suturas
8.
Pol Merkur Lekarski ; 48(287): 335-338, 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130794

RESUMO

Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is diagnosed by auscultation and echocardiography in about 2-3% of the general population and takes rather a benign course. However, in some patients, ventricular arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death (SCD) occur, which is linked to mitral annular disjunction (MAD). MAD is defined as distinct separation of the mitral valve annulus-left atrial wall continuum and the basal region of the posterolateral left ventricular (LV) myocardium. MAD results in disturbed inferior-posterior LV wall and posteromedial papillary muscle stretch giving rise to local fibrosis presenting in cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) as late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) and posing a substrate for malignant arrhythmia. Multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) in MAD patients is still rarely used. A CASE REPORT: Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is diagnosed by auscultation and echocardiography in about 2-3% of the general population and takes rather a benign course. However, in some patients, ventricular arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death (SCD) occur, which is linked to mitral annular disjunction (MAD). MAD is defined as distinct separation of the mitral valve annulus-left atrial wall continuum and the basal region of the posterolateral left ventricular (LV) myocardium. MAD results in disturbed inferior-posterior LV wall and posteromedial papillary muscle stretch giving rise to local fibrosis presenting in cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) as late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) and posing a substrate for malignant arrhythmia. Multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) in MAD patients is still rarely used.


Assuntos
Prolapso da Valva Mitral , Valva Mitral , Meios de Contraste , Gadolínio , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Prolapso da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Músculos Papilares
10.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 2552-2556, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018527

RESUMO

Mitral valve regurgitation is one of the most common heart valve diseases and mitral valve repair is the favored therapy, in which a part of the mitral valve is resected. To improve preoperative planning of this challenging surgery, patient-specific mitral valve replicas have been developed on which the repair can be simulated. However, there is no possibility yet to transfer the planning from the replica to the surgery of the patient. To solve this problem, we developed a patient-specific instrument with a cutting template, intraoperatively visualizing the part of the mitral valve to be resected as planned on the replica. To realize this instrument, the surgeon first simulates mitral valve repair by resection on a patient-specific mitral valve replica. This postoperative mitral valve replica is then digitalized and from it and a preoperative mitral valve model the instrument with cutting template is automatically designed and then 3D printed. An expert heart surgeon successfully tested the functional principle of the instrument on a pig mitral valve.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Cirurgiões , Animais , Humanos , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Suínos
12.
EuroIntervention ; 16(10): 803-807, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33046435

RESUMO

Percutaneous mitral valve leaflet repair has revolutionised the treatment of heart failure patients with secondary mitral regurgitation. It also offers a valuable alternative to surgery for high-risk patients with degenerative disease. More than one device is now available for leaflet repair, broadening the indications and improving outcomes, as well as complicating the decision-making algorithms. In the last two years, several trials and registries have enriched the evidence around these procedures, although many questions remain open. Two major clinical trials have provided opposing evidence, confirming that this field of cardiovascular medicine remains controversial. Probably, the challenge remains with the human factor: achieving optimal outcomes remains a challenge, highly dependent on patient selection, timing and procedural details. Operator-dependent factors are emerging as a key element, not unexpectedly, to achieve procedural excellence. Besides large randomised controlled trials, a great deal of knowledge is emerging from real-world registries. This review focuses on what we can learn from registries and single-centre experiences as a complement to the large randomised trials.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Previsões , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(7): 427-430, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023305

RESUMO

Based on current guidelines, 15% to 20% of patients undergoing mitral valve repair for regurgitation develop left ventricular dysfunction (ejection fraction < 50%-55%) despite a normal baseline. Two schools of thought have been debated: preexisting myocardial disease or suboptimal intraoperative myocardial protection. In our view, they could be reconciled. It is well recognized that left ventricular ejection fraction with a standard cut off at 50%-55% has limited sensitivity in detecting early systolic impairment in mitral regurgitation patients. Mitral regurgitation also leads to mitochondrial oxidative stress, thus rendering the myocardium more susceptible to ischemia-reperfusion injury and precipitating postoperative cardiac dysfunction. The fall in left ventricular ejection fraction early after mitral valve repair was shown to be caused by the reduction in both myocardial contractility and left ventricular stroke volume. To mitigate the risk to myocardial reperfusion injury, appropriate cardioplegia volume and distribution and well-defined surgical repair processes are equally important. We use transesophageal echocardiography-guided cardioplegia delivery, imaging the intramyocardial flow and ensuring adequate protection of the subendocardium during mitral valve repair. Mild aortic regurgitation on a beating heart often leads to left ventricular dilatation with diminished cardioplegia flow in the myocardium, thus requiring direct ostia cardioplegia. Systematic transesophageal echocardiography assessment before surgery is essential for establishing the mitral regurgitation mechanisms and translating them into precise surgical repair strategies. The benefits of transesophageal echocardiography-guided cardioplegia delivery warrant further clinical trials in order to evolve into part of a high surgical standard.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Parada Cardíaca Induzida , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/prevenção & controle , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/prevenção & controle , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana/efeitos adversos , Parada Cardíaca Induzida/efeitos adversos , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/etiologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda
14.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(7): 381-383, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023307
15.
Int Heart J ; 61(5): 970-978, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999196

RESUMO

The mechanism of systolic annular expansion in mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is not clarified. Since annular expansion is systolic outward shift of MV leaflet/chorda tissue complex at superior and outer ends, annular expansion could be related to inward (superior) shift of the complex at another inferior and inner end of the papillary muscle (PM) tip and/or systolic lengthening of the tissue complex, especially MV leaflets.MV annulus systolic expansion, PMs' systolic superior shift, and MV leaflets' systolic lengthening were evaluated by echocardiography with a speckle tracking analysis in 25 normal subjects, 25 subjects with holo-systolic MVP and 20 subjects with late-systolic MVP.PMs' superior shift, MV leaflets' lengthening, MV annular area at the onset of systole and subsequent MV annulus expansion were significantly greater in late-systolic MVP than in holo-systolic MVP (4.6 ± 1.6 versus 1.5 ± 0.7 mm/m2, 2.5 ± 1.4 versus 0.6 ± 2.0 mm/m2, 6.8 ± 2.5 versus 5.7 ± 1.0 cm2/m2 and 1.6 ± 0.8 versus 0.1 ± 0.5 cm2/m2, P < 0.001, respectively). Multivariate analysis identified MV leaflets' lengthening and PMs' superior shift as independent factors associated with MV annular expansion.Conclusions: These results suggest that systolic MV annular expansion in MVP is related to abnormal MV leaflets' lengthening and PMs' superior shift.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia/métodos , Prolapso da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Músculos Papilares/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Prolapso da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Músculos Papilares/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sístole
16.
J Card Surg ; 35(10): 2649-2656, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043659

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to compare results off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) combined mitral valve reconstruction (MVR) with standard on-pump approach. METHODS: From January 2014 to December 2017, a total of 53 patients received a combined myocardial revascularization and MVR for multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) complicated by severe ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR). All the subjects were divided into two groups: group I: 27 patients, received OPCAB + MVR, and group II (control group): 26 patients with on-pump myocardial revascularization (ONCAB) + MVR. RESULTS: The aortic cross-clamp (ACC) and cardio-pulmonary bypass (CPB) times were longer in group II, 47.0 (44.0; 55.0) vs 94.5 (89.75; 105.5) minutes, P < .05 and 70.0 (63.0; 77.0) vs 138.5 (127.0; 157.5) minutes, P < .05, respectively. Evaluation of major clinical events showed that the implementation of the off-pump stage of myocardial revascularization in patients with severe IMR did not lead to significant changes in the mortality and postoperative complications. Furthermore, its use did not affect the volume of blood loss and need for blood transfusion, the duration of mechanical ventilation, the need for inotropic therapy, as well as the duration of the patient's resuscitation and the total duration of hospitalization, with the one exception: the troponin-T level increase in the OPCAB + MVR group was less than in the ONCAB + MVR group. CONCLUSION: OPCAB combined MVR in patients with CAD and severe IMR can be performed with shorter CPB and ACC times, and lower troponin-T level after surgery, without reducing the risk of surgical complications.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Idoso , Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Constrição , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/complicações , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Troponina T
18.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(10): 793-797, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993268

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the early results of pulmonary autograft mitral valve replacement (Ross Ⅱ procedure) in infants with intractable congenital mitral valve lesions. Methods: Between August 2018 and September 2019, 6 infants underwent mitral valve replacement with a pulmonary autograft in Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center. There were 2 males and 4 females.The age at surgery ranged from 50 days to 1 year old.Preoperative diagnoses included severe to critic mitral valve insuffiency in all patients, moderate mitral valve stenosis in 3 patients, and mitral valve prolapse in one. When the pulmonary autograft was harvested, a cuff of bovine or autologous pericardium was sewn onto the proximal (infundibular) end of the autograft ( "top-hat" configuration). The distal (pulmonary) end of the autograft was secured to the mitral annulus.At the level of the left atrial free wall, the pericardial cuff was progressively tailored and sewn onto the atrial wall to remain away from the ostia of the pulmonary veins and to maintain normal morphology of the autograft. The bovine jugular valved conduit was used to reconstruct the right ventricular outflow tract. Results: There was one early death due to sudden cardiac arrest at the night of surgery day. The remaining 5 patients were successfully recovered and discharged. Follow-up of survivors ranged from 3 to 13 months. Echocardiographic follow-up demonstrated the flow velocity across the mitral valve position was 1.5 to 2.3 m/s, with a means gradient of 4 to 6 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa). Four patients showed mild mitral insuffiency, normal left atrium and ventricle size and left ventricle ejection fraction.One patient had moderate mitral insuffiency, pulmonary valve endocarditis, and reduced left ventricle ejection fraction. The clinical symptoms of all survivals improved significantly and the weight gain were satisfactory. Conclusion: Pulmonary autograft mitral valve replacement may be a feasible and effective remedial surgical strategy for young infants with intractable congenital mitral valve lesions.


Assuntos
Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Pulmonar , Autoenxertos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Valva Pulmonar/cirurgia , Valva Pulmonar/transplante , Transplante Autólogo
19.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238440, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32870923

RESUMO

Symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) is a serum biomarker of renal damage in dogs. Moreover, SDMA concentration is an independent predictor of development of severe heart failure (HF) in humans with cardiac disease. This study evaluates whether the serum concentration of SDMA in dogs with myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) is influenced by the severity of heart disease, pulmonary hypertension (PH) and treatment of HF. A total of 99 client-owned dogs were included in this retrospective case-control study; 78 dogs were affected by MMVD and classified according to the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (ACVIM) guidelines, and 21 were healthy controls. For each dog, history, physical examination, complete blood count, biochemical profile, thoracic radiography, 6-lead standard electrocardiogram and trans-thoracic echocardiography were available. Comparisons were performed between groups of dogs belonging to different ACVIM stages and between dogs with and without PH. The median SDMA concentration was neither significantly different among groups of dogs in different disease stages (overall P = 0.010), nor among dogs with MMVD, nor between those with [14.5 µg/dl (10.5-18.8)] and without PH [13 µg/dl (9-17.2)] (P = 0.295). The concentration of SDMA did not differ between dogs when considering the combined effect of the ACVIM group and cardiac treatment (overall P = 0.486). Furthermore, no correlation was found between SDMA concentration and radiographic and echocardiographic parameters associated with increased MMVD severity. In conclusion, this study failed to demonstrate the presence of renal impairment in dogs with MMVD, and the increase in renal parameters in some dogs in the more advanced stage of MMVD could be attributed to pre-renal azotemia.


Assuntos
Arginina/análogos & derivados , Prolapso da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Animais , Arginina/sangue , Arginina/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Doenças do Cão/sangue , Cães , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/veterinária , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/sangue , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Prolapso da Valva Mitral/metabolismo , Prolapso da Valva Mitral/veterinária , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
20.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 113(10): 599-606, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32994143

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Poor reproducibility in assessment of mitral regurgitation (MR) has been reported. AIM: To investigate the robustness of echocardiographic MR assessment in 2019, based on improvements in technology and the skill of echocardiographists regarding MR quantification. METHODS: Reproducibility in parameters of MR severity and global rating were tested using transthoracic echocardiography in 25 consecutive patients independently analysed by 16 junior and senior cardiologists specialized in echocardiography (400 analyses per parameter). RESULTS: Overall interobserver agreement for mechanism definition, effective regurgitant orifice area (EROA) and regurgitant volume (RVol) was moderate, and was lower in secondary MR. Interobserver agreement was substantial for EROA [0.61, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.45-0.75] and moderate for RVol with the PISA method (0.50, 95% CI 0.33-0.56) in senior physicians and was fair in junior physicians (0.33, 95% CI 0.19-0.51 and 0.36, 95% CI 0.36-0.43, respectively). Using a multiparametric approach, overall interobserver agreement for grading MR severity was fair (0.30), was slightly better in senior than in junior physicians (0.31 vs. 0.28, respectively) with substantial or almost perfect agreement more frequently observed in senior versus junior physicians (52% vs. 36%, respectively). CONCLUSION: Reproducible transthoracic echocardiography MR quantification remains challenging in 2019, despite the expected high skills of echocardiographers regarding MR at the time of dedicated percutaneous intervention. The multiparametric approach does not entirely alleviate the substantial dispersion in measurement of MR severity parameters, whereas reader experience seems to partially address the issue. Our study emphasizes the continuing need for multimodality imaging and education in the evaluation of MR among cardiologists.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , França , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
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