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1.
EuroIntervention ; 15(17): 1506-1513, 2020 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929100

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of our study was to compare the impact of implantation of a balloon-expandable transcatheter valve into the inferior vena cava (CAVI) on exercise capacity with optimal medical therapy (OMT) in patients with severe tricuspid regurgitation (TR) and high surgical risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-eight patients were randomised to OMT (n=14) or CAVI (n=14). The primary endpoint was maximal oxygen uptake at the three-month follow-up. Secondary endpoints included six-minute walk test, NYHA class, NT-proBNP levels, right heart function, unscheduled heart failure hospitalisation, and quality of life as assessed by the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ). Patients underwent follow-up examinations one, three, six, and twelve months after randomisation. Maximal oxygen uptake did not change significantly in either group after three months and there was no difference between the OMT and CAVI groups (-0.1±1.8 ml∙kg-1∙min-1 vs -1.0±1.6 ml∙kg-1∙min-1, p=0.4995). Compared to baseline, CAVI improved NYHA class, dyspnoea, and quality of life after three months. However, there were no statistically significant differences in the secondary endpoints between the groups. Four periprocedural complications occurred after CAVI, resulting in open heart surgery. Four patients in the OMT group and eight patients (including four after conversion to surgery) in the CAVI group died from right heart failure, sepsis or haemorrhage. CONCLUSIONS: CAVI did not result in a superior functional outcome compared to OMT. Due to an unexpectedly high rate of valve dislocations, the study was stopped for safety reasons.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Cateterismo Venoso Central/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Cateterismo Cardíaco/mortalidade , Cateterismo Venoso Central/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Venoso Central/instrumentação , Causas de Morte , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Humanos , Minnesota/epidemiologia , Desenho de Prótese , Qualidade de Vida , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/complicações , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/epidemiologia , Veia Cava Inferior/fisiopatologia
3.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 36(1): 33-43, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432289

RESUMO

Tricuspid annular (TA) size, assessed by 2D transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), has a well-established prognostic value in patients undergoing mitral valve surgery, with TA dilatation triggering simultaneous tricuspid annuloplasty. While TA dilatation is common in patients with dilated atria secondary to atrial fibrillation, little is known about the mechanisms of TA dilatation in patients with sinus rhythm (SR). This study aimed to identify echocardiographic parameters most closely related to the TA size as a potential tool for identification of patients prone to developing TA enlargement. 120 patients with SR underwent clinically indicated TTE, including 30 patients with normal hearts and 90 patients diagnosed with at least one right heart abnormality, defined as: right ventricular (RV) or right atrial (RA) dilatation, ≥ moderate tricuspid regurgitation (TR) and elevated systolic pulmonary artery pressure (sPAP). RA and RV end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes (EDV, ESV) and function were measured using commercial 3D software (TomTec). 3D RV long and short axes were used as surrogate indices of RV shape. Degrees of TR and sPAP were estimated by 2D TTE. 3D TA sizing was performed at end-diastole using 3D custom software. Linear regression analysis was used to identify variables best correlated with TA size, followed by multivariate analysis to identify independent associations. The highest correlations were found between TA area and: RA ESV (r = 0.73; p < 0.01), RV EDV (r = 0.58; p < 0.01), RV end-diastolic long and short axes (r = 0.53, 0.42; both p < 0.01), TR degree (r = 0.40; p < 0.01) and sPAP (r = 0.32; p < 0.01). Multivariate analysis revealed that RA ESV was the only parameter independently associated with TA area (p < 0.05, r = 0.85). In conclusion, RA volume plays an important role in TA dilatation even in patients with normal SR. Understanding of annular remodeling mechanisms could aid in identifying patients at higher risk for TA dilatation, especially those scheduled for mitral valve surgery.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Tridimensional , Hemodinâmica , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Pressão Arterial , Função do Átrio Direito , Remodelamento Atrial , Chicago , Dilatação Patológica , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Valva Tricúspide/patologia , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/patologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Direita
6.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 112(10): 604-614, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31558358

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe tricuspid regurgitation (TR) usually remains asymptomatic for a long period, and the diagnosis is often delayed until an advanced stage of right heart failure (RHF). Only a minority of patients are referred for surgery. AIM: To describe the characteristics and prognosis of patients with significant TR, according to aetiology. METHOD: Two-hundred and eight consecutive patients with moderate-to-severe (grade III) or severe (grade IV) TR were included from echocardiography reports between 2013 and 2017. Median follow-up was 18 (6-38) months. RESULTS: Patients (mean age 75 years; 46.6% men) were divided into four groups according to TR aetiology: group 1, primary TR (14.9%); group 2, TR secondary to left heart disease with a history of left heart valve surgery (24.5%); group 3, TR secondary to left heart or pulmonary disease with no history of left valvular surgery (26.5%); and group 4, idiopathic TR (34.1%). During follow-up, 61 patients (29.3%) experienced at least one episode of RHF decompensation requiring hospitalization. Only 11 patients (5.3%) underwent tricuspid valve surgery during follow-up. The 4-year survival was much lower than the expected survival of age- and sex-matched individuals in the general population (56±4% vs. 74%). After adjustment for outcome predictors, patients with idiopathic TR had a higher risk of mortality (adjusted hazard ratio 1.83, 95% confidence interval 1.05-3.21; P=0.034) compared with other groups. CONCLUSIONS: Moderate-to-severe or severe TR is associated with a high risk of hospitalization for RHF and death at 4 years, and a low rate of surgery. Idiopathic TR is associated with worse outcome than other aetiologies.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Progressão da Doença , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia
7.
Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J ; 15(2): 138-144, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31384377

RESUMO

Ebstein's anomaly is a malformation of the tricuspid valve with myopathy of the right ventricle (RV) that presents with variable anatomic and pathophysiologic characteristics, leading to equally variable clinical scenarios. Medical management and observation is often recommended for asymptomatic patients and may be successful for many years. Tricuspid valve repair is the goal of operative intervention; repair also typically includes RV plication, right atrial reduction, and atrial septal closure or subtotal closure. Postoperative functional assessments generally demonstrate an improvement or relative stability related to degree of RV enlargement, RV dysfunction, RV fractional area change, and tricuspid valve regurgitation.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Anomalia de Ebstein/terapia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/terapia , Valva Tricúspide/efeitos dos fármacos , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Anomalia de Ebstein/complicações , Anomalia de Ebstein/diagnóstico por imagem , Anomalia de Ebstein/fisiopatologia , Hemodinâmica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/anormalidades , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Direita/efeitos dos fármacos
8.
Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J ; 15(2): 149-151, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31384379

RESUMO

Patients with advanced valvular disease may be at high or prohibitive risk for surgical management. We describe a patient with previous mitral and tricuspid valve repair and recurrent admissions for New York Heart Association Class IV heart failure symptoms due to severe mitral stenosis and severe tricuspid regurgitation. Due to her comorbidities and two previous sternotomies, the patient was at high risk for surgery. We performed a simultaneous transfemoral mitral and tricuspid valve-in-ring implantation. This is the first report of its kind using a Sapien 3 valve (Edwards Lifesciences).


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Ecocardiografia Tridimensional , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/métodos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Desenho de Prótese , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Recidiva , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia
9.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 112(10): 642-651, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31351805

RESUMO

Tricuspid regurgitation has long been a neglected and underestimated entity; its prevalence is significant, and is increasing with the ageing population. Tricuspid regurgitation is often a consequence of chronic left cardiac pathologies or atrial fibrillation. Surgical treatment is recommended for patients with severe symptomatic tricuspid regurgitation or tricuspid annulus dilatation at the time of left heart valve surgery. Secondary tricuspid regurgitation is a complex disease; this review focuses on the need for better understanding of its mechanisms and quantification - mandatory with the advent of new percutaneous treatments.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia/métodos , Hemodinâmica , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia
10.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 40(7): 1450-1459, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342116

RESUMO

Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) disease demonstrates a range of clinical presentations and complications. We aim to use cardiac MRI (CMR) to evaluate left ventricular (LV) parameters, myocardial strain and aortic hemodynamics in pediatric BAV patients with and without aortic stenosis (AS) or regurgitation (AR) compared to tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) controls. We identified 58 pediatric BAV patients without additional cardiovascular pathology and 25 healthy TAV controls (15.3 ± 2.2 years) who underwent CMR with 4D flow. BAV cohort included subgroups with no valvulopathy (n = 13, 14.3 ± 4.7 years), isolated AS (n = 19, 14.5 ± 4.0 years), mixed valve disease (AS + AR) (n = 13, 17.1 ± 3.2 years), and prior valvotomy/valvuloplasty (n = 13, 13.9 ± 3.2 years). CMR data included LV volumetric and mass indices, myocardial strain and aortic hemodynamics. BAV patients with no valvulopathy or isolated AS had similar LV parameters to controls excepting cardiac output (p < 0.05). AS + AR and post-surgical patients had abnormal LV volumetric and mass indices (p < 0.01). Post-surgical patients had decreased global longitudinal strain (p = 0.02); other subgroups had comparable strain to controls. Patients with valvulopathy demonstrated elevated velocity and wall shear stress (WSS) in the ascending aorta (AAo) and arch (p < 0.01), while those without valve dysfunction had only elevated AAo velocity (p = 0.03). Across the cohort, elevated AAo velocity and WSS correlated to higher LV mass (p < 0.01), and abnormal hemodynamics correlated to decreased strain rates (p < 0.045). Pediatric BAV patients demonstrate abnormalities in LV parameters as a function of valvular dysfunction, most significantly in children with AS + AR or prior valvotomy/valvuloplasty. Correlations between aortic hemodynamics, LV mass and strain suggest valvular dysfunction could drive LV remodeling. Multiparametric CMR assessment in pediatric BAV may help stratify risk for cardiac remodeling and dysfunction.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Valva Aórtica/anormalidades , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Aorta/fisiopatologia , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Remodelação Ventricular
11.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(10): 1871-1880, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31168679

RESUMO

It was recently shown that invasively determined right ventricular (RV) stiffness was more closely related to the prognosis of patients with pulmonary hypertension than RV systolic function. So far, a completely noninvasive method to access RV stiffness has not been reported. We aimed to clarify the clinical usefulness of our new echocardiographic index of RV operating stiffness using atrial-systolic descent of the pulmonary artery-RV pressure gradient derived from pulmonary regurgitant velocity (PRPGDAC) and tricuspid annular plane movement during atrial contraction (TAPMAC). We studied 81 consecutive patients with various cardiac diseases who underwent echocardiography and cardiac catheterization. We measured PRPGDAC and TAPMAC using continuous-wave Doppler and M-mode echocardiography, respectively, and calculated PRPGDAC/TAPMAC. RV end-diastolic pressure (RVEDP) and RV pressure increase during atrial contraction (ΔRVPAC) were invasively measured, and RV volume change during atrial contraction (ΔVAC) was calculated from echocardiographic late-diastolic transtricuspid flow time-velocity integral and tricuspid annular area; thus ΔRVPAC/ΔVAC was used as the standard index for RV operating stiffness. PRPGDAC/TAPMAC well correlated with ΔRVPAC/ΔVAC (r = 0.84, p < 0.001) and RVEDP (r = 0.80, p < 0.001), and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve to discriminate RVEDP > 12 mmHg was 0.94. Multivariate regression analysis revealed that PRPGDAC/TAPMAC was the single independent determinant of ΔRVPAC/ΔVAC (ß = 0.86, p < 0.001). PRPGDAC/TAPMAC is useful to estimate RV operating stiffness and a good practical indicator of RVEDP.


Assuntos
Função do Átrio Direito , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemodinâmica , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico por imagem , Função Ventricular Direita , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Valva Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Heart Lung Circ ; 28(7): 1121-1126, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31178024

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The placement of a temporary epicardial pacing wire is a challenge during a minimally invasive redo cardiac operation. The aim of this study is to assess the application of temporary endocardial pacing in patients who underwent minimally invasive redo tricuspid surgery. METHODS: Perioperative data of consecutive patients who underwent thoracoscopic redo tricuspid surgery were collected. All the tricuspid surgeries and combined procedures were performed under peripheral cardiopulmonary bypass without aortic cross-clamping. A sheath was introduced into the right jugular vein beside the percutaneous superior vena cava cannula and a temporary endocardial pacing catheter was guided into the right ventricle via the sheath prior to the right atrial closure. The pacemaker was connected and run as needed during or after operation. RESULTS: A total of 33 patients who underwent thoracoscopic redo tricuspid surgery were enrolled. Symptomatic tricuspid valve regurgitation (93.9%) and tricuspid valvular prosthesis obstruction (6.1%) after previous cardiac operations were noted as indications for a redo surgery. The mean time from previous cardiac operation to this time redo surgery was 13.3±6.4years. Isolated tricuspid valve replacement was performed in 18 patients (54.5%) and tricuspid valve plasty combined with or without mitral valve replacement was performed in 15 patients (45.5%). A temporary endocardial pacing catheter was successfully placed in the right ventricle for all patients with good sensing and pacing. No temporary pacing related complications occurred from insertion to removal of pacing catheter in the patients. CONCLUSIONS: This application of temporary endocardial pacing provided a safe and effective substitute for epicardial pacing in patients who underwent minimally invasive redo tricuspid surgery.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Marca-Passo Artificial , Toracoscopia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide , Valva Tricúspide , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Tricúspide/patologia , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/patologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia
13.
Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 31(3): 526-534, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31150828

RESUMO

To review the outcome after atrioventricular valve replacement in single ventricle patients. The medical records of 37 consecutive patients who underwent initial valve replacement between 2001 and 2016 were reviewed. Actuarial survival rates were 73%, 65%, and 59% at 1, 5, and 10 years, respectively. Multivariate analysis indicated body surface area <0.28 m2 (P = 0.007; hazard ratio, 31.1), preoperative inotropic support (P < 0.001; hazard ratio, 24.5), primary valve replacement (P = 0.044; hazard ratio, 6.1), oversized prosthesis (P = 0.001; hazard ratio, 14.5), and intra- or postoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support (P < 0.001; hazard ratio, 53.2) were the risk factors for mortality. Cumulative incidences of redo replacement were 11%, 17%, and 17% at 1, 5, and 10 years, respectively. There was no risk factor for redo replacement. Among 11 patients undergoing valve replacement before or at the time of bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt, all 4 patients who reached Fontan completion survived. Among 13 patients undergoing valve replacement after bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt, only 3 patients reached Fontan completion. Among 11 patients undergoing valve replacement after Fontan completion, there were 3 operative mortalities and 2 late mortalities. For 7 of 8 hospital survivors, cardiac index improved from 2.2 L/min/m2 (interquartile range, 2.0-2.4) to 3.4 (2.8-3.7) (P = 0.002). Atrioventricular valve replacement was a reasonable choice of treatment for single ventricle patients. For small patients with impaired ventricular function who had no choice other than valve replacement, commercially available valves were oversized and outcomes remained poor.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Função Ventricular , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias Congênitas/mortalidade , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Ventrículos do Coração/anormalidades , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia
15.
BMJ Case Rep ; 12(6)2019 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31253659

RESUMO

Hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) is a rare systemic condition, defined as a persistently elevated eosinophil count associated with end organ damage and the absence of a primary cause. Cardiac involvement occurs in about 50% of patients with HES. Myocardial infiltration results in endomyocardial fibrosis, valve dysfunction and mural thrombus. The atrioventricular valves are almost always involved, resulting in regurgitation due to leaflet restriction, most commonly affecting the posterior mitral valve leaflet. Surgical management remains challenging in patients with HES with limited data on the choice of valve surgery. We describe the case of a 17-year-old woman with HES complicated by congestive cardiac failure secondary to severe mitral and tricuspid regurgitation. Because of refractory heart failure despite medical therapy, surgical mitral and tricuspid valve repair was performed, and an excellent 24-month outcome was achieved. We believe this is the first report of double valve repair in this rare condition.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Síndrome Hipereosinofílica/complicações , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/complicações , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/complicações , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Adolescente , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia
16.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 21(1): 34, 2019 06 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31242903

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Once surgical management is indicated, variation of Ebstein valve morphology affects surgical strategy. This study explored practical, easily measureable, cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR)-derived attributes that may contribute to the complexity and risk of cone reconstruction. METHODS: A retrospective assessment was performed of Ebstein anomaly patients older than 12 years age, with pre-operative CMR, undergoing cone surgical reconstruction by one surgeon. In addition to clinical data, the CMR-derived Ebstein valve rotation angle (EVRA), area ratios of chamber size, indexed functional RV (RVEDVi) and left ventricular (LV) volumes, tricuspid valve regurgitant fraction (TR%) and other valve attributes were related to early surgical outcome; including death, significant residual TR% or breakdown of repair. RESULTS: Of 26 operated patients older than 12 years age, since program start, 20 had pre-op CMR and underwent surgery at median (range) age 20 (14-57) years. TR% was improved in all patients. Four of the 20 CMR patients (20%) experienced early surgical dehiscence of the paravalve tissue, with cone-shaped tricuspid valve intact; one of whom died. A larger EVRA correlated with Carpentier category and was significantly related to dehiscence. If EVRA >60o, relative risk of dehiscence was 3.2 (CI 1.3-4.9, p = 0.03). Those with dehiscence had thickened, more tethered anterior leaflet edges (RR 17, CI 3-100, p < 0.01), smaller pre-operative functional RVEDVi; (132 vs 177 mL/m2, p = 0.04), and were older (median 38 vs 19 years, p = 0.01). TR %, chamber area ratios and LV parameters were not different. CONCLUSIONS: Comprehensive CMR assessment characterizes patients prior to cone surgical reconstruction of Ebstein anomaly. Pragmatic observation of larger EVRA, smaller RVEDVi and leaflet thickening, suggests risk of repair tension and dehiscence, and may require specific modification of cone surgical technique, such as leaflet augmentation.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Anomalia de Ebstein/diagnóstico por imagem , Anomalia de Ebstein/cirurgia , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Anomalia de Ebstein/mortalidade , Anomalia de Ebstein/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/mortalidade , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/anormalidades , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
17.
Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol ; 12(5): e007124, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060371

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endocardial pacemaker leads and right ventricular (RV) pacing are well-known causes of tricuspid valve, mitral valve, and cardiac dysfunction. Lead-related adverse consequences can potentially be mitigated by leadless pacemaker (LP) therapy by eliminating the presence of a transvalvular lead. This study assessed the impact of LP placement on cardiac and valvular structure and function. METHODS: Echocardiographic studies before and 12±1 months after LP implantation were performed between January 2013 and May 2018 at our center and compared with age- and sex-matched controls of dual-chamber transvenous pacemaker recipients. RESULTS: A total of 53 patients receiving an LP were included, of whom 28 were implanted with a Nanostim and 25 with a Micra LP device. Tricuspid valve regurgitation was graded as being more severe in 23 (43%) patients at 12±1 months compared with baseline ( P<0.001). Compared with an apical position, an RV septal position of the LP was associated with increased tricuspid valve incompetence (odds ratio, 5.20; P=0.03). An increase in mitral valve regurgitation was observed in 38% of patients ( P=0.006). LP implantation resulted in a reduction of RV function, according to a lower tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion ( P=0.003) and RV tricuspid lateral annular systolic velocity ( P=0.02), and a higher RV Tei index ( P=0.04). LP implantation was further associated with a reduction of left ventricular ejection fraction ( P=0.03) and elevated left ventricular Tei index ( P=0.003). The changes in tricuspid valve regurgitation in the LP group were similar to the changes in the dual-chamber transvenous pacemaker control group (43% versus 38%, respectively; P=0.39). CONCLUSIONS: LP therapy is associated with an increase in tricuspid valve dysfunction through 12 months of follow-up; yet it was comparable to dual-chamber transvenous pacemaker systems. Furthermore, LP therapy seems to adversely impact mitral valve and biventricular function.


Assuntos
Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Marca-Passo Artificial , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/etiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Função Ventricular Direita , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/fisiopatologia
18.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(9): 1557-1561, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31044328

RESUMO

Right ventricular systolic dysfunction is prognostic in various cardiovascular diseases. Right ventricular systolic function is not commonly assessed in the catheterization laboratory. Therefore, we developed a novel, reproducible method to measure right ventricular systolic function during selective coronary angiography. We analyzed the angiographic systolic translational motion and maximum speed of the right coronary artery (RCA) in 97 consecutive patients and compared it to the tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) as measured by echocardiography. All measurements were performed by two independent operators on two occasions. Inter-observer variability and intra-observer variability were excellent for RCA motion distance and for RCA maximum speed. There was a significant correlation of the RCA motion distance and RCA maximum speed with the TAPSE measured by echocardiography (Pearson's correlation for RCA distance: r = 0.59, p < 0.001, r2 = 0.35; for RCA speed: r = 0.40, p < 0.001, r2 = 0.16). The area under the receiver operating curve for the RCA motion distance was 0.88 (95% CI 0.80-0.96) for discrimination of normal and abnormal right ventricular systolic function. A cut-off value less than 22.3 mm systolic RCA motion had a specificity of 93.3% and a sensitivity of 75.6% for identifying an abnormal right ventricular systolic function. Analysis of the RCA motion is a reproducible and reliable method to measure right ventricular systolic function during selective coronary angiography. It is a simple and useful tool to assess right ventricular function in the catheterization laboratory and may serve for risk assessment for right ventricular failure. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: Data for this study was collected retrospectively from Swiss Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation Registry (NCT01368250). https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01368250 .


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Movimentos dos Órgãos , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador/métodos , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico por imagem , Função Ventricular Direita , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Sistema de Registros , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sístole , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/fisiopatologia
19.
Scand Cardiovasc J ; 53(3): 148-152, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31017007

RESUMO

Objectives: We aimed to investigate the outcome of tricuspid valve repair (TVR) performed concomitantly with pulmonary valve replacement in repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) patients. Design: This retrospective study included all patients who underwent pulmonary vale replacement from 2000 to 2016 after TOF correction. TVR patient data were compared to those of patients who underwent pulmonary vale replacement alone. Results: Thirty-eight patients were enrolled. The degree of tricuspid regurgitation was significantly decreased after operation in the TVR group. Tricuspid valve annulus and annuloectasia before operation did not vary between groups (21.1 ± 6.3 and 41.4% in no TVR vs. 21.3 ± 4.8 and 52.6% in TVR). However pre-operative right ventricular volumes were larger in the TVR group. Normal tricuspid valve coaptation (body to body) was observed less frequently in the TVR group than in the other group (52.6% vs. 93.1%, p < .001). Pre-operative tricuspid regurgitation had a linear correlation with right ventricular volume, but not with tricuspid annulus size. Conclusion: Tricuspid annulus diameter decreased significantly regardless of TVR. Abnormal coaptations were observed more in patients group and the degree of pre-operative tricuspid regurgitation was linearly correlated with right ventricular volume rather than tricuspid annulus size.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/cirurgia , Valva Pulmonar/cirurgia , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Criança , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tetralogia de Fallot/complicações , Tetralogia de Fallot/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
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