Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 13.744
Filtrar
1.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(2)2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33526519

RESUMO

A 49-year-old female patient presented with acute-on-chronic chest pain. She was diagnosed with multiple systemic thromboemboli, including myocardial infarctions, bilateral chronic pulmonary emboli, ischaemic stroke, deep venous thrombosis and superficial thrombophlebitis. She had a background of sickle cell trait. Cardiac magnetic resonance showed bilateral superior vena cava (SVC). The right-sided SVC (RSVC) was joined by the right upper pulmonary vein and drained anomalously into the left atrium. This caused a small volume right to left shunt. The persistent left SVC drained into the right atrium (RA) via a dilated coronary sinus. The overall clinical impression was recurrent paradoxical emboli due to anomalous venous anatomy with a thrombophilia secondary to sickle cell trait. In the normal embryo, the right common cardinal vein develops to become the RSVC, which drains into the RA by term.


Assuntos
Embolia Paradoxal/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Traço Falciforme/complicações , Trombofilia/complicações , Tromboflebite/etiologia , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Veias Pulmonares/anormalidades , Veias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Recidiva , Malformações Vasculares/complicações , Malformações Vasculares/diagnóstico por imagem
2.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(4): 271-275, 2021 Jan 26.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33486936

RESUMO

Objectives: To analyze the reasons of residual partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection (PAPVC) after previous cardiac surgery, and summarize the strategies and experience for diagnosis and treatment of secondary correction operation. Methods: The clinical data of 18 patients who were admitted to Fuwai Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Fuwai Yunnan Cardiovascular Hospital from June 2009 to May 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. All the patients underwent secondary cardiac surgery to treat PAPVC. The preoperative and intraoperative characteristics and postoperative complications of the patients were summarized and analyzed. Results: Totally, there were 7 male and 11 female cases, aged 1-49 years (median age: 4.5 years). In the first cardiac surgery, 3 patients were diagnosed with PAPVC, which existed after surgery. One patient was diagnosed with total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC), but left PAPVC after surgery. The remaining 14 patients were all missed preoperative and intraoperative diagnosis. After the initial surgery, most patients had no significant symptoms (11/18), but PAPVC was found in 11 cases due to postoperative cardiac murmur or transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). In the secondary surgery, there were 4 cases of type A, 10 cases of type B, 2 cases of type C, no type D, and 2 cases of mixed type, respectively, according to Bordy classification. The diagnostic accuracy of TTE and CT angiography (CTA) was 50.0% and 92.9%, respectively. There was no death after the second surgery, but pulmonary vein occlusion, pericardial effusion, anastomotic stenosis and other complications occurred in 4 patients. Conclusions: The main causes of missed diagnosis of PAPVC are the undefined cardiac structural deformities before operation and the lack of careful exploration during the operation. TTE is simple and feasible to diagnose PAPVC, and it can improve the diagnostic accuracy when combined with CTA.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Veias Pulmonares , Síndrome de Cimitarra , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Síndrome de Cimitarra/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
3.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(1)2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33419752

RESUMO

Hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) also known as Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder affecting 1 in 8000 individuals. The eponym recognises the 19th-century physicians William Osler, Henri Jules Louis Marie Rendu and Frederick Parkes Weber who each independently described the disease. It is characterised by epistaxis, telangiectasia and visceral arteriovenous malformations. Individuals with HHT have been found to have abnormal plasma concentrations of transforming growth factor beta and vascular endothelial growth factor secondary to mutations in ENG, ACVRL1 and MADH4. Pulmonary artery malformations (PAVMs) are abnormal communications between pulmonary arteries and veins and are found in up to 50% of individuals with HHT. The clinical features suggestive of PAVMs are stigmata of right to left shunting such as dyspnoea, hypoxaemia, cyanosis, cerebral embolism and unexplained haemoptysis or haemothorax. The authors present the case of a 33-year-old woman presenting with progressive dyspnoea during the COVID-19 pandemic. She had a typical presentation of HHT with recurrent epistaxis, telangiectasia and pulmonary arteriovenous malformations. Although rare, PAVM should be considered in individuals presenting to the emergency department with dyspnoea and hypoxaemia. Delayed diagnosis can result in fatal embolic and haemorrhagic complications.


Assuntos
Malformações Arteriovenosas/diagnóstico , Dispneia/fisiopatologia , Epistaxe/fisiopatologia , Hipóxia/fisiopatologia , Telangiectasia Hemorrágica Hereditária/diagnóstico , Receptores de Activinas Tipo II/genética , Adulto , Antitireóideos/uso terapêutico , Malformações Arteriovenosas/fisiopatologia , Gasometria , Carbimazol/uso terapêutico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Doença de Graves/complicações , Doença de Graves/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/complicações , Artéria Pulmonar/anormalidades , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias Pulmonares/anormalidades , Veias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Telangiectasia Hemorrágica Hereditária/complicações , Telangiectasia Hemorrágica Hereditária/fisiopatologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
4.
Int Heart J ; 62(1): 65-71, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33455982

RESUMO

Left atrial (LA) fibrosis is associated with a poor outcome after atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. This study examined the extent of low-voltage areas in patients with recurrence of atrial tachyarrhythmia (ATA) after CB-based pulmonary vein isolation (PVI).Sixty patients (mean age 67 ± 10 years, n = 32 female; n = 34 paroxysmal AF) who received radiofrequency redo-procedure due to recurrence of ATA within 6 months after CB-based PVI were included. A point-by point 3D-map was performed, and low-voltage sites were delineated based on bipolar voltage < 0.5 mV. The extent of fibrosis was categorized as stage A (0-10% of the LA wall), stage B (10-30%), stage C (30-50%), and stage D (> 50%).The median area of LA low-voltage sites was 28.9 (9; 50.3) cm2, corresponding to 17.4 (6; 30.6) % of the LA wall surface. 17/60 (28.3%) patients were categorized as fibrosis stage A, 21/60 (35%) as stage B, 18/60 (30%) as stage C, and 4/60 (6.7%) as stage D. Patient age and LA diameter were associated with more pronounced LA fibrosis; the extent of LA fibrosis was significantly higher in patients with LA tachycardia (LAT) during redo-procedures (P < 0.01), and ablation of linear lesions was more often performed (P < 0.01).In patients after CB2-based PVI, expanded LA tissue fibrosis was associated with the occurrence of LAT and more extensive LA ablation during redo-procedures.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Fibrose/complicações , Átrios do Coração/patologia , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Criocirurgia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Fibrose/classificação , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taquicardia Supraventricular/epidemiologia , Taquicardia Supraventricular/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Br J Radiol ; 94(1118): 20200716, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33471553

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Ground-glass opacity and consolidation are recognized typical features of Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pneumonia on Chest CT, yet ancillary findings have not been fully described. We aimed to describe ancillary findings of COVID-19 pneumonia on CT, to define their prevalence, and investigate their association with clinical data. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our CT chest cases with coupled reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (rt-PCR). Patients with negative rt-PCR or without admission chest CT were excluded. Ancillary findings included: vessel enlargement, subpleural curvilinear lines, dependent subpleural atelectasis, centrilobular solid nodules, pleural and/or pericardial effusions, enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes. Continuous data were expressed as median and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) and tested by Mann-Whitney U test. RESULTS: Ancillary findings were represented by 106/252 (42.1%, 36.1 to 48.2) vessel enlargement, 50/252 (19.8%, 15.4 to 25.2) subpleural curvilinear lines, 26/252 (10.1%, 7.1 to 14.7) dependent subpleural atelectasis, 15/252 (5.9%, 3.6 to 9.6) pleural effusion, 15/252 (5.9%, 3.6 to 9.6) mediastinal lymph nodes enlargement, 13/252 (5.2%, 3 to 8.6) centrilobular solid nodules, and 6/252 (2.4%, 1.1 to 5.1) pericardial effusion. Air space disease was more extensive in patients with vessel enlargement or centrilobular solid nodules (p < 0.001). Vessel enlargement was associated with longer history of fever (p = 0.035) and lower admission oxygen saturation (p = 0.014); dependent subpleural atelectasis with lower oxygen saturation (p < 0.001) and higher respiratory rate (p < 0.001); mediastinal lymph nodes with shorter history of cough (p = 0.046); centrilobular solid nodules with lower prevalence of cough (p = 0.023), lower oxygen saturation (p < 0.001), and higher respiratory rate (p = 0.032), and pericardial effusion with shorter history of cough (p = 0.015). Ancillary findings associated with longer hospital stay were subpleural curvilinear lines (p = 0.02), whereas centrilobular solid nodules were associated with higher rate of intensive care unit admission (p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: Typical high-resolution CT findings of COVID-19 pneumonia are frequently associated with ancillary findings that variably associate with disease extent, clinical parameters, and disease severity. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: Ancillary findings might reflect the broad range of heterogeneous mechanisms in severe acute respiratory syndrome from viral pneumonia, and potentially help disease phenotyping.


Assuntos
/diagnóstico por imagem , Achados Incidentais , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Dilatação Patológica/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/irrigação sanguínea , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfadenopatia/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores/métodos , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Bratisl Lek Listy ; 122(2): 89-94, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33502875

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES AND BACKGROUND: Studies assessing the unicentric and prospective comparison of efficacy of cryoballoon pulmonary vein isolation in idiopathic and non-idiopathic atrial fibrillation (AF) patients are missing. The aim of this study was to compare a single procedural outcome in these subgroups of AF patients. METHODS: A total of 208 patients with drug resistant AF were included in this study. Among them, 36 patients had idiopathic AF and 172 patients had non-idiopathic AF. The efficacy endpoint was freedom from any atrial arrhythmia lasting >30 s after a 3-months blanking period. RESULTS: The freedom from atrial arrhythmias without antiarrhythmic drugs after 1 and 3 years of follow-up, respectively, was 85.2 % and 70.4 % in patients with idiopathic AF; and 64.6 % and 39.9 % in patients with non-idiopathic AF (p=0.021). Moreover, the success rate when analysing only paroxysmal AF patients after 1 and 3 years of follow-up, respectively, was 95.7 % and 82 % in patients with idiopathic AF; and 72.6 % and 47 % in patients with non-idiopathic AF (p=0.022). CONCLUSIONS: A single cryoballoon pulmonary vein isolation was more effective in preventing atrial arrhythmias relapses in idiopathic AF patients compared to non-idiopathic AF patients. The best efficacy outcomes were observed in patients with paroxysmal idiopathic AF (Tab. 5, Fig. 2, Ref. 25).


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Criocirurgia , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Eur J Radiol ; 134: 109442, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33321459

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The vascular enlargement (VE) pattern differs from previously described imaging patterns for pneumonia. This study aimed to investigate the incidence, computed tomography (CT) characteristics, and diagnostic value of the VE pattern in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). METHOD: The CT data of 106 patients with COVID-19 from January 19 to February 29, 2020, and 52 patients with influenza virus pneumonia (IVP) from January 2018 to February 2020 were retrospectively collected. The incidences of the VE pattern between the two groups were compared. The CT manifestations of COVID-19 were analyzed with a particular focus on the VE pattern's specific CT signs, dynamic changes, and relationships with lesion size and disease severity. RESULTS: Peripheral and multilobar ground-glass opacities (GGOs) or mixed GGOs with various sizes and morphologies were typical features of COVID-19 on initial CT. The VE pattern was more common in COVID-19 (88/106, 83.02 %) than in IVP (10/52, 19.23 %) on initial CT (P < 0.001). Three special VE-pattern-specific CT signs, including central vascular sign, ginkgo leaf sign, and comb sign, were identified. Four types of dynamic changes in the VE pattern were observed on initial and follow-up CT, which were closely associated with the evolution of lesions and the time interval from the onset of symptoms to initial CT scan. The VE pattern in COVID-19 was more commonly seen in larger lesions and patients with severe-critical type (all P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The VE pattern is a valuable CT sign for differentiating COVID-19 from IVP, which correlates with more extensive or serious disease. A good understanding of the CT characteristics of the VE pattern may contribute to the early and accurate diagnosis of COVID-19 and prediction of the evolution of lesions.


Assuntos
/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Pulmonar/patologia , Veias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias Pulmonares/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Influenza Humana/diagnóstico por imagem , Influenza Humana/patologia , Pulmão/irrigação sanguínea , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia/patologia , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
9.
Cardiovasc Pathol ; 50: 107289, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32949727

RESUMO

Alveolar capillary dysplasia with misalignment of pulmonary veins (ACD/MPV) is a rare neonatal lung disease with fatal outcome. Typically, respiratory symptoms present in the first 24 hours of life and patients die within the neonatal period. Atypical, delayed clinical presentations and/or longer survival have also been reported. Here, we studied the clinicopathologic relationship of ACD/MPV by examining 16 cases of ACD/MPV, focusing on atypical features. Based on the presence of diffuse vs. focal/patchy ACD/MPV histopathologic changes, we divided the cases into classic and nonclassic pathology groups. MPV was found in all ACD/MPV. Ten of 16 cases exhibited classic diffuse abnormalities, while 6 of 16 had a nonclassic focal/patchy distribution. However, among 7 patients with atypical clinical features, only 2 had nonclassic pathology, while 4 out of 9 clinically typical cases had nonclassic ACD/MPV pathology. Marked intrapulmonary aberrant arteriovenous vessels were present in all atypical cases. In conclusion, clinical presentation is not always correlated with histopathology in ACD/MPV. Atypical ACD/MPV should be suspected in any infants with fulminant pulmonary hypertension. Abnormal pulmonary veins and aberrant intraseptal vessels are the most important clues for diagnosis. Additional studies are needed for further elucidation of diagnostic histological criteria of atypical ACD/MPV and to explore its pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Síndrome da Persistência do Padrão de Circulação Fetal/patologia , Alvéolos Pulmonares/anormalidades , Veias Pulmonares/anormalidades , Autopsia , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome da Persistência do Padrão de Circulação Fetal/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Alvéolos Pulmonares/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Rozhl Chir ; 99(10): 467-471, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33242965

RESUMO

Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) is formed by abnormal connections between pulmonary arteries and veins that bypass the pulmonary capillaries and transport deoxygenated blood through pulmonary veins to the left heart. This causes insufficient oxygenation of blood in the lungs. This condition remains symptomless for a long period of time. The most common symptoms include shortness of breath on exertion, nosebleeds, increased fatigue and a gradual development of cyanosis. Paradoxical embolism in the brain is a serious complication; it can present with a stroke or a brain abscess. Treatment of the disease consists of embolization of the pathological vascular connections, surgical resection of the affected pulmonary parenchyma and management of concomitant manifestations of the disease. PAVM in most common cases arises as a result of an autosomal dominant hereditary disorder referred to as hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia.  Case report: In our communication, we document the diagnostic and therapeutic management in a young patient diagnosed with PAVM after falling off his bicycle. Based on comprehensive assessments, AV malformations with a 40% shunt of the pulmonary circulation were detected. An angiographic procedure was not an appropriate option considering the type and extent of the condition. Therefore, video-assisted thoracic resection of the affected pulmonary lobe was indicated. Conclusion: PAVM is a rare finding. PAVM should be ruled out in all patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) signs in the oral cavity. Contrast sonography of the heart and contract CT of the chest are the methods of choice for the diagnosis. Conservative or pharmacological treat-ment fails to improve the patients status.  The condition is usually managed by embolization. Cases where PAVM is rather extensive or diffuse, where endovascular management would be inappropriate, can be well managed using endoscopic resection adequate to the extent of the condition.


Assuntos
Malformações Arteriovenosas , Veias Pulmonares , Telangiectasia Hemorrágica Hereditária , Malformações Arteriovenosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Malformações Arteriovenosas/cirurgia , Humanos , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Veias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Telangiectasia Hemorrágica Hereditária/complicações , Telangiectasia Hemorrágica Hereditária/cirurgia , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida
13.
Herzschrittmacherther Elektrophysiol ; 31(4): 417-425, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33052485

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ablation of recurrent atrial fibrillation (AF) is common. Studies indicate that AF recurrence is primarily due to pulmonary vein (PV) re-conduction. This retrospective analysis characterized and evaluated recurrent AF patients using focal impulse and rotor mapping (FIRM) plus PV re-isolation, with follow up at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after the repeat ablation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients (consecutive, n = 100) underwent FIRM-guided ablation followed by conventional PV re-isolation for recurrent AF treatment. All FIRM patients had failed one or more conventional ablation procedures (1.4 ± 0.08) for paroxysmal (14%), persistent (15%), and long-standing persistent (71%) AF. Stable rotors were identified in 97/100 patients: 60% in the right atrium (RA) and 82% in left atrium (LA) (mean 1.5 ± 0.8 and 2.1 ± 1.2 per patient, respectively). No correlation was noted between the previous number of ablations, AF duration, or LA diameter to the number of rotors (R2 = 0.0039, R2 = 0.0017, and R2 = 0.006, respectively). In this limited observation, only 22% of identified rotors were associated with proximity to low voltage areas. The 12- and 24-month arrhythmia free rate was 93% (13/14) and 92% (12/13) for paroxysmal AF, 60% (9/15) and 47% (7/15) for persistent AF, and 70% (48/69) and 64% (43/67) for long-standing persistent AF, respectively, after a single FIRM procedure and re-isolation of the veins. CONCLUSIONS: The data show a benefit for FIRM-guided ablation in recurrent AF at 12 months. No correlation was found between rotors and tissue characterization, AF duration, or previous number of ablations, suggesting that rotors may play an independent role in maintaining recurrent AF after prior failed ablation.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Veias Pulmonares , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Humanos , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33081455

RESUMO

Paradoxical embolism is one of the mechanisms of ischemic stroke in patients younger than 45 years of age, due to opening between the right and left chambers of the heart through a patent foramen ovale, an atrial or ventricular septal defect, pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs), etc. The PAVMs are structurally abnormal vessels that provide direct capillary-free communication between the pulmonary and systemic circulations, and hence an anatomic "right-to-left" shunt. Most pulmonary malformations are congenital and associated with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (Rendu-Osler-Weber disease). This publication highlights the issues of pathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnosis and treatment of this pathology, and also describes a clinical case in which multiple PAVMs caused repeated ischemic strokes.


Assuntos
Fístula Arteriovenosa , Embolia Paradoxal , Veias Pulmonares , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Fístula Arteriovenosa/complicações , Fístula Arteriovenosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolia Paradoxal/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolia Paradoxal/etiologia , Humanos , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia
15.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 15(1): 290, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations are uncommon conditions of abnormal communications between pulmonary arteries and veins, which are most commonly congenital in nature. Although such condition is not extremely rare, it is a challenge to the differential diagnosis of pulmonary problems such as hypoxemia and pulmonary lesions. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a meaningful case of a 23-year-old male presented with elevated hemoglobin (23.0 g/dl) on admission. Physical examination revealed cyanosis, digital clubbing and low oxygen saturation on room air. The patient was initially diagnosed as polycythemia vera while the subsequent result of bone marrow aspiration was negative. During further assessment, pulmonary arteriovenous malformations were detected by CT pulmonary angiography. Lobectomy was successfully performed with significant increase in oxygen saturation from 86 to 98%. The hemoglobin decreased to almost normal level of 14.9 g/dl 3 months after surgery and the patient had been followed up for nearly 5 years. CONCLUSIONS: Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations should be suspected in patients with central cyanosis, digital clubbing, polycythemia, pulmonary lesion and without cardiac malformations. Embolization or surgery is strongly recommended to reduce the risks caused by pulmonary arteriovenous malformations.


Assuntos
Fístula Arteriovenosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Fístula Arteriovenosa/cirurgia , Artéria Pulmonar/anormalidades , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Veias Pulmonares/anormalidades , Tuberculose/complicações , Fístula Arteriovenosa/complicações , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Pneumonectomia , Veias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22206, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031263

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgery for lung cancer squeezes the tumor, further promoting the circulation of tumor cells, which may be one of the reasons for lung cancer metastasis and recurrence. In theory, the potential risk of tumor cell proliferation can be minimized if the outflow veins are ligated first (via veins first [V-first]) rather than arteries first (via arteries first [A-first]). However, due to the lack of sufficient evidence, this technical concept has not been widely accepted as a standard in surgical oncology in the current guidelines. This systematic review and meta-analysis will be used to determine which techniques will yield longer patient survival and benefit patients during segmentectomy. METHODS: We will search PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cancerlit, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Google Scholar databases for relevant clinical trials published in any language before January 1, 2021. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs), quasi-RCTs, propensity score-matched comparative studies, and prospective cohort studies of interest, published or unpublished, that meet the inclusion criteria will be included. Subgroup analysis of the type of operation, tumor pathological stage, and ethnicity will be performed. RESULTS: The results of this study will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSION: As far as we know, this study will be the first meta-analysis to compare the efficacy of the vein-first and artery-first surgical technique of segmentectomy for patients diagnosed with resectable non-small cell lung cancer. Due to the nature of the disease and intervention methods, RCTs may be inadequate, and we will carefully consider inclusion in high-quality, non-RCTs, but this may result in high heterogeneity and affect the reliability of the results.INPLASY registration number: INPLASY202080062.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Humanos , Ligadura , Metanálise como Assunto , Pneumonectomia , Fatores de Risco , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
17.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 410-413, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018015

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an irregular heart rhythm due to disorganized atrial electrical activity, often sustained by rotational drivers called rotors. In the present work, we sought to characterize and discriminate whether simulated single stable rotors are located in the pulmonary veins (PVs) or not, only by using non-invasive signals (i.e., the 12-lead ECG). Several features have been extracted from the signals, such as Hjort descriptors, recurrence quantification analysis (RQA), and principal component analysis. All the extracted features have shown significant discriminatory power, with particular emphasis to the RQA parameters. A decision tree classifier achieved 98.48% accuracy, 83.33% sensitivity, and 100% specificity on simulated data.Clinical Relevance-This study might guide ablation procedures, suggesting doctors to proceed directly in some patients with a pulmonary veins isolation, and avoiding the prior use of an invasive atrial mapping system.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Veias Pulmonares , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Eletrocardiografia , Humanos , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 1207-1210, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018204

RESUMO

Accurate segmentation of pulmonary vein (PV) and left atrium (LA) is essential for the preoperative evaluation and planning of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC), which is a rare but mortal congenital heart disease of children. However, manual segmentation is time-consuming and insipid. To free radiologists from the repetitive work, we propose an automatic deep learning method to segment PV and LA from Low-Dose CT images. In the method, attention mechanism is incorporated into the widely used V-Net and a novel grouped attention module is applied to enforce the segmentation performance of the V-Net. We evaluate our method on 68 3D Low-Dose CT images scanned from patients with TAPVC. The experiment result shows that our method outperforms the popular 3D-UNet and V-Net, with mean dice similarity coefficient (DSC) of 0.795 and 0.834 for the PV and LA respectively.Clinical relevance-We proposed a CNNs-based method for the automatic segmentation of PV and LA with good accuracy, which can be used for the preoperative evaluation and planning of TAPVC. Our method can improve the efficiency and reduce the workloads of radiologists (400 milliseconds vs. 2-3 hours per-case).


Assuntos
Veias Pulmonares , Síndrome de Cimitarra , Atenção , Criança , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Veias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem
19.
Int Heart J ; 61(5): 936-943, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879265

RESUMO

On the basis of radiofrequency ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF), some studies suggested that early recurrences of atrial tachyarrhythmia (ERATs) were associated with late AF recurrence (LAFR), and some also suspected and challenged the current recommended 90 day blanking period. We aim to evaluate the impact of ERAT on long-term success and to determine the optimum blanking period after AF ablation using second-generation cryoballoon (sg-CB). From August 2016 to October 2018, 369 consecutive patients who successfully underwent initial AF ablation using sg-CB at the Fuwai Hospital were finally enrolled. All patients were followed up no less than 12 months. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used to determine the optimum blanking period after AF ablation. There were 62 (16.8%) who experienced ERAT. After a median follow-up of 615 days, 74.5% were free of LAFR after the 90 day blanking period. Incidence of freedom from LAFR during the long-term follow-up was markedly lower in patients with ERAT than in those without ERAT (27.4% versus 84.0%; log-rank P < 0.001). Furthermore, only ERAT (HR 8.579; 95% CI 5.604-13.133; P < 0.001) was significantly associated with an increased risk of LAFR after adjusting for other factors. The optimum cut-off time point for the blanking period was 21.5 days (sensitivity: 71.1%, specificity: 94.1%). In conclusion, ERAT was an independent predictor of LAFR after AF ablation using sg-CB. Based on our findings, blanking period was advised to be shorten to 21.5 days or about 3 weeks instead of 90 days after CB ablation.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Criocirurgia , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Recidiva , Falha de Tratamento , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Kyobu Geka ; 73(8): 590-593, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879286

RESUMO

A 65-year-old woman was diagnosed with lung cancer on the left upper lobe. During thoracoscopic left upper lobectomy, the common trunk of pulmonary vein was mistaken for the left upper pulmonary vein and divided incorrectly. Instead of left pneumonectomy, we successfully performed pulmonary vein reconstruction. As a result of anticoagulant therapy for 1 month, postoperative course was uneventful.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Veias Pulmonares , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão , Pneumonectomia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA