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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(18): e25316, 2021 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33950920

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: An organization's culture with regard to patient safety is important because it defines the beliefs and practices of the organization, and consequently its efficiency and productivity.Knowing the level of this and the factors that influence or not their dynamic represents a challenge, due to the degree of complexity and specificity of the elements involved.The aim of this study was to analyze predictors of patient safety culture in public and private hospitals and examining the factors that contribute to it, constructing a new and specific theoretical and methodological model.This study was carried out by reviewing medical records, detecting healthcare professionals directly involved in caring (N = 588), for patients in 2 public hospitals and 2 private hospitals in Venezuela (N = 566), conducting an "Analysis of Patient Safety Culture" questionnaire. The results were subsequently analyzed, derived 3 predictors factors and using a Patient Safety Culture Index (PSCI) for specific determination to evaluate patient safety culture level.The analysis showed that all hospitals had a "moderately unfavorable" PSCI (public = 52.96, private = 52.67, sig = 0.90). The PSCI was calculated by assessing the weight of the following factors in the index: occupational factors (factor loading = 32.03), communication factors (factor loading = 11.83), and organizational factors (factor loading = 9.10). Traumatology presented the lowest PSCI of all the care units, falling into the "unfavorable" category (36.48), and Laboratory the highest (70.02) (sig = 0.174), falling into the "moderately favorable" category. When analyzing professional groups, nurses had the highest PSCI, with a "moderately unfavorable" rating (PSCI = 61.1) and medical residents the lowest, falling into the "unfavorable" category (35.2). Adverse event reporting is determined by "management expectations and actions" (sig = 0.048) and "direct interaction with the patient" (sig = 0.049).The use of this theoretical and methodological approach in other contexts may provide a more objective system for identifying more specific needs and factors that influence in patient safety culture, and consequently, opportunities for improvement when constructing a patient safety culture in healthcare institutions. Efforts need to be made to improve safety culture in the hospitals studied, irrespective of whether they are public or private.


Assuntos
Hospitais Privados/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais Públicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Cultura Organizacional , Segurança do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais Privados/organização & administração , Hospitais Públicos/organização & administração , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Venezuela
3.
Zootaxa ; 4964(2): zootaxa.4964.2.5, 2021 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33903519

RESUMO

Because of the problematical identity and status of the type of the xeniid soft coral genus Cespitularia Milne-Edwards Haime, 1850, the species C. stolonifera Gohar, 1938 is revised. Examination of the type colonies has led to the establishment of the new genus Unomia gen. n. which is described and depicted. This genus features a stalk, commonly divided into branches featuring a diffuse polypiferous part consisting of distal clustered polyps and proximal individual ones on the stalk or the basal membranous part of the colonies. The sclerites are ellipsoid platelets composed of dendritic calcite rods whose tips are distinct on the surface of the platelets. Freshly collected material from Venezuelan reefs where the species is invasive was subjected to molecular phylogenetic analysis, the results of which substantiate the taxonomic assignment of the new genus under U. stolonifera comb. n. A new species, U. complanatis, from Japan and Green Island (Taiwan) is described and further illustrates the extent of the interspecific morphological variation within the genus. The results reveal that the biogeographic distribution of Unomia gen. n. includes Pacific Ocean reefs in addition to the previously reported invaded Caribbean reefs.


Assuntos
Antozoários , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Antozoários/anatomia & histologia , Antozoários/classificação , Região do Caribe , Filogenia , Especificidade da Espécie , Venezuela
4.
PLoS One ; 16(4): e0249022, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33857159

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 threatens health systems worldwide, but Venezuela's system is particularly vulnerable. To prevent the spread of COVID-19, individuals must adopt preventive behaviors. However, to encourage behavior change, we must first understand current knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAPs) that inform response to this health threat. METHODS: We explored KAPs among Venezuelans using a cross-sectional, internet-based questionnaire. The questionnaire explored individuals' knowledge about COVID-19; their attitudes toward the world's and the Venezuelan authorities' abilities to control it; and their self-reported practices. We also collected demographic data. Binomial logistic regression analyses were used to predict the adoption of preventive behaviors based on demographic variables, individual knowledge level, and individual attitudes. RESULTS: 3122 individuals completed the questionnaire. Participants had a high level of knowledge about COVID-19. They expressed high levels of optimism that the world would eventually control COVID-19, but they were very pessimistic about the public authorities in Venezuela. Most participants adopted preventive practices. Binomial regression suggests younger people, less educated people, and manual laborers hold lower levels of knowledge, and these groups, as well as men, were less likely to adopt preventive practices. Knowledge, by itself, had no association with optimism and little association with self-reported practices. CONCLUSIONS: As other KAP studies in Latin America found, knowledge is not sufficient to prompt behavior change. Venezuelans' pessimism about their own country's ability should be explored in greater depth. Health promotion in Venezuela may wish to target the most at risk groups: men, younger people, less educated people, and manual laborers.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autorrelato , Inquéritos e Questionários , Venezuela/epidemiologia
5.
Zootaxa ; 4950(2): zootaxa.4950.2.4, 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33903439

RESUMO

Gymnophthalmids are a highly diverse group of Neotropical lizards and its species richness is still in process of discovery. The incorporation of molecular evidence and a noticeable increase in taxon and geographic sampling in systematic studies has led to the description of numerous new genera and species of gymnophthalmids (particularly in Cercosaurinae) in recent years. Herein we describe a new genus and species of cercosaurine lizard with crocodile-like morphology, from the Venezuelan Guiana Shield on the basis of molecular phylogenetic and morphological evidence. Kataphraktosaurus gen. nov. can be readily distinguished from all other genera of Cercosaurinae by a unique combination of morphological characters that includes heterogeneous dorsal scalation with enlarged and strongly keeled scales forming two paravertebral rows, ventral and subcaudal scales imbricated and strongly keeled, large and symmetrical cephalic scales, absence of postmental scale, palpebral disc translucent and divided, tail slightly compressed, all digits clawed, and only six femoral pores (three at each hindlimb) inserted in a clump of small scales. This genus is described as monotypic and only contains Kataphraktosaurus ungerhamiltoni sp. nov., which is known from one specimen and diagnosed by the same set of aforementioned characters. The secretive habits of this species and the remoteness of the locality may explain its singleton situation. Following the International Union for Conservation of Nature's criteria, we categorized the new species as Data Deficient.


Assuntos
Lagartos , Rios , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Guiana , Lagartos/classificação , Lagartos/genética , Filogenia , Venezuela
7.
Zootaxa ; 4927(4): zootaxa.4927.4.8, 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33756694

RESUMO

A new species of Amplisegmentum Webb (Therevidae: Therevinae) is described from Venezuela, a previously monotypic genus otherwise known only from Ecuador. A revised diagnosis of the genus and a key to species is presented.


Assuntos
Dípteros , Animais , Venezuela
8.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 473, 2021 03 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33750362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Venezuela is in the throes of a complex humanitarian crisis that is one of the worst in decades to impact any country outside of wartime. This case analysis describes the challenges faced by the ongoing Maracaibo Aging Study (MAS) during the deteriorating conditions in Venezuela. When the MAS began in 1997, it focused on memory-related disorders. Since then, strategic planning and proactive community participation allowed us to anticipate and address logistical, funding, and ethical challenges, and facilitated the enrollment and retention of more than 2500 subjects over 55 years of age. All participants, who are residents of the city of Maracaibo, Venezuela, underwent various assessments on several occasions. Here, we discuss how our approach to implementing a longitudinal, population-based study of age-related conditions has allowed our research program to continue throughout this period of political, economic, and social upheaval. DISCUSSION: As the social context in Venezuela became more complicated, new challenges emerged, and strategies to sustain the study and participation were refined. We identified five main mechanisms through which the evolving humanitarian crisis has affected implementation of the MAS: 1) community dynamics; 2) morale of researchers, staff, and participants; 3) financial feasibility; 4) components of the research process; and 5) impact on the health of staff, participants, and their families. Strategies to compensate for the impact on these components were implemented, based on inputs from community members and staff. Improved communication, greater involvement of stakeholders, broadening the scope of the project, and strengthening international collaboration have been the most useful strategies. Particular demands emerged, related to the increased mortality and comorbidities of participants and staff, and deterioration of basic services and safety. CONCLUSION: Although the MAS has faced numerous obstacles, it has been possible to continue a longitudinal research project throughout the humanitarian crisis, because our research team has engaged the community deeply and developed a sense of mutual commitment, and also because our project has provided funding to help keep researchers employed, somewhat attenuating the brain drain.


Assuntos
Participação da Comunidade , Hispano-Americanos , Envelhecimento , Humanos , Pesquisadores , Venezuela
9.
Mar Environ Res ; 168: 105310, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33774470

RESUMO

The Caribbean white sea urchin, L. variegatus, is locally harvested in Margarita Island and other locations of southeastern Venezuela. The recent reduction of densities raises concerns about potential impacts for overfishing. Densities of L. variegatus were estimated at Impact and Control locations between late-2012 and mid-2015 to 1) test temporal changes, comparing with 1997-1998 estimations, 2) the effect of seasonal closure on resource recovery and 3) the effect of local expansion. The results suggest that, after a period of fourteen years, an important decrease in L. variegatus densities occurred, as well as a lack of population recovery in fishing areas during seasonal closures. Furthermore, during the monitoring program, it was observed fishing activities in one Control location that subsequently showed clear patterns of population depletion, like other Impact locations. Fishing impact on L. variegatus populations is severe, persistent and expands over time without evidence of recovery, therefore it is expected that local populations of L. variegatus would collapse under current exploitation levels. However, due to the L. variegatus life history and its distribution range, recovery of impacted populations could be possible via recruitment of planktonic larvae if effective management actions are imposed. It is recommended to exercise more regulations on fishing activities and to execute management measures that allow recovering the stocks to maintain local populations of sea urchin.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Lytechinus , Animais , Região do Caribe , Pesqueiros , Ilhas , Ouriços-do-Mar , Venezuela
10.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0247196, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33606828

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2 is the new coronavirus responsible for COVID-19 disease. The first two cases of COVID-19 were detected in Venezuela on March 13, 2020. The aim of this study was the genetic characterization of Venezuelan SARS-CoV-2 isolates. A total of 7 full SARS-CoV-2 genome sequences were obtained by Sanger sequencing, from patients of different regions of Venezuela, mainly from the beginning of the epidemic. Ten out of 11 isolates (6 complete genomes and 4 partial spike genomic regions) belonged to lineage B, bearing the D614G mutation in the Spike protein. Isolates from the first outbreak that occurred in the Margarita Island harbored an in-frame deletion in its sequence, without amino acids 83-85 of the NSP1 of the ORF1. The search for deletions in 48,635 sequences showed that the NSP1 gene exhibit the highest frequency of deletions along the whole genome. Structural analysis suggests a change in the N-terminal domain with the presence of this deletion. In contrast, isolates circulating later in this island lacked the deletion, suggesting new introductions to the island after this first outbreak. In conclusion, a high diversity of SARS-CoV-2 isolates were found circulating in Venezuela, with predominance of the D614G mutation. The first small outbreak in Margarita Island seemed to be associated with a strain carrying a small deletion in the NSP1 protein, but these isolates do not seem to be responsible for the larger outbreak which started in July.


Assuntos
/genética , Variação Genética , Genoma Viral , Filogenia , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/genética , Humanos , Domínios Proteicos , Venezuela
11.
J Environ Manage ; 284: 112032, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545453

RESUMO

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) encourage nations to substantially increase food production to achieve zero hunger (SDG 2) while preserving life on land (SDG 15). A key question is how to reconcile these potentially competing goals spatially. We use integer linear programming to develop an 'integrated land use planning framework' that identifies the optimal allocation of 17 crops under different hypothetical conservation targets while meeting agricultural demands by 2030. Intensifying existing cropland to maximum yield before allocating new cropland would reduce land requirement by 43% versus cropland expansion without intensification. Even with yield gap closure, tropical and sub-tropical crops still require expansion, primarily allocated to Venezuela, eastern Brazil, Congo Basin, Myanmar and Indonesia. Enforcement of protected areas, via avoiding conversion in 75% of Key Biodiversity Areas and 65% of intact areas, is vital to attain biodiversity targets but bears large opportunity costs, with agricultural rents dropping from $4.1 to $2.8 trillion. Although nationally constrained forest conservation efforts would earn 9% less agricultural rents compared to globally coordinated conservation solutions, they were also able to reduce intact habitat and forest loss (43% and 35% reduction). Our results demonstrate that careful choice of the allocation of future cropland expansion, could dramatically reduce-but not eliminate-the tradeoffs between the SDGs for food production and land biodiversity conservation.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Agricultura , Biodiversidade , Brasil , Objetivos , Fome , Indonésia , Venezuela
12.
Medwave ; 21(1): e8103, 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33617522

RESUMO

Introduction: International migration is a social determinant of health. The past decade has seen a large exodus of Venezuelans within Latin America, including Chile. In the past months, the world has been facing the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus pandemic and its respiratory disease COVID-19. Objective: To explore what factors are associated with feeling prepared to face the COVID-19 pandemic among the Venezuelan population residing in Chile. Methods: Cross-sectional quantitative study with an opinion poll design. An online self-reported survey in Spanish and Creole was designed and piloted with experts and international migrants. It was disseminated to various international migrant groups through networks of migrant and pro-migrant organizations and the Chilean public health care network across the national territory. An effective sample size for analysis of 1690 participants was reached, of which 1008 (60%) were from Venezuela and included in this analysis. Feeling prepared to face the COVID-19 pandemic (yes/no) among Venezuelan migrants was described, as well as relevant variables like sex, level of education, length of stay, healthcare provision, anxiety or depression due to COVID-19, confinement, and evaluation of the quality of the information provided by the COVID-19 government. Results: 65% of the Venezuelan participants reported not feeling prepared for the pandemic. Compared to Venezuelan migrants who feel prepared to face the COVID-19 pandemic, migrants who reported not feeling prepared were in a higher proportion female, with secondary education level, had arrived in Chile in the past year, do not have a job but want to work, and belong to the public healthcare provision. Discussion: Receiving good quality information on the pandemic and mental health symptoms are important factors associated with feeling prepared to face COVID-19 in Venezuelan migrants in Chile, suggesting that increased attention towards the physical and mental health of Venezuelan migrants in Chile and the region is needed.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Migrantes/psicologia , Adulto , Chile , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Opinião Pública , Venezuela/etnologia
13.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 15(1): e0008211, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33493212

RESUMO

Malaria elimination in Latin America is becoming an elusive goal. Malaria cases reached a historical ~1 million in 2017 and 2018, with Venezuela contributing 53% and 51% of those cases, respectively. Historically, malaria incidence in southern Venezuela has accounted for most of the country's total number of cases. The efficient deployment of disease prevention measures and prediction of disease spread to new regions requires an in-depth understanding of spatial heterogeneity on malaria transmission dynamics. Herein, we characterized the spatial epidemiology of malaria in southern Venezuela from 2007 through 2017 and described the extent to which malaria distribution has changed country-wide over the recent years. We found that disease transmission was focal and more prevalent in the southeast region of southern Venezuela where two persistent hotspots of Plasmodium vivax (76%) and P. falciparum (18%) accounted for ~60% of the total number of cases. Such hotspots are linked to deforestation as a consequence of illegal gold mining activities. Incidence has increased nearly tenfold over the last decade, showing an explosive epidemic growth due to a significant lack of disease control programs. Our findings highlight the importance of spatially oriented interventions to contain the ongoing malaria epidemic in Venezuela. This work also provides baseline epidemiological data to assess cross-border malaria dynamics and advocates for innovative control efforts in the Latin American region.


Assuntos
Malária/epidemiologia , Malária/transmissão , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Emigração e Imigração , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Malária Falciparum/epidemiologia , Malária Vivax/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Plasmodium vivax , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Venezuela/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Clin Rheumatol ; 40(7): 2913-2920, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33449230

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Studies conducted by various scientific societies have shown that the demand for specialized rheumatology care is greater than the projected growth of the workforce. Our research aims to assess the current status of the rheumatology workforce in Latin America. METHOD: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional study. A survey was created on the RedCap platform. Data were analyzed with STATA 15® Software. We present descriptive analyses. The rate of inhabitants per rheumatologist was calculated using the number of rheumatologists practicing in each country and the inhabitants for year 2020. RESULTS: Our sample was composed by 19 PANLAR member countries in Latin America. Latin America has one rheumatologist per 106,838 inhabitants. The highest rate of rheumatologist per inhabitants was found in Uruguay (1 per 27,426 inhabitants), and the lowest was found in Nicaragua (1 per 640,648 inhabitants). Mean age was 51.59 (SD12.70), ranging between 28 and 96 years of age. Mean monthly compensation was USD $2382.6 (SD$1462.5). The country with lowest salary was Venezuela ($197), whereas the highest was Costa Rica ($4500). CONCLUSIONS: There is a high variability in rheumatologists' workforce characteristics in Latin America. These results could lead to policies aiming to increase the availability and income of rheumatologists, in order to increase opportunity and quality of care of patients living with rheumatic diseases. Key Points • The rheumatologists' workforce varies significantly among Latin American countries. • The supply of rheumatologists is insufficient for meeting the increasing need for specialists in this field.


Assuntos
Reumatologistas , Reumatologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , América Latina , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Venezuela , Recursos Humanos
15.
J Environ Manage ; 278(Pt 2): 111543, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33157467

RESUMO

Protected areas (PAs) are dedicated and managed to achieve long-term conservation of nature with associated ecosystem services and cultural values. However, few studies have assessed contamination/pollution, one of the top five biodiversity threats, within these areas. In fact, more than 100,000 molecules used in consumer goods are potentially affecting over 250,000 protected areas distributed worldwide. As a result, chemical appraisal within PAs require specific approaches to be feasible. Herein, an approach for assessment of contamination in marine protected areas (MPAs) spread over large continental and/or global areas was proposed and tested using, as a case study, the impact of tributyltin (TBT) within Latin America. This approach included area delimitation, bibliographic survey, construction of attribute tables, data insertion in a Geographic Information System, overlapping with worldwide shapefiles of PAs, identification of affected PAs and evaluation of impacts using the outcomes against specific environmental quality guidelines/directives. A total of 259 records of TBT occurrence and/or its biological effect within 53 marine protected areas (including biosphere reserves, Ramsar sites and National parks) were gathered. Among affected species, were recorded 18 gastropods exhibiting imposex. In addition, 6 bivalves, 1 crustacean, and 3 fish species presenting TBT residues in tissues were seen in MPAs from Brazil, Argentina, Ecuador, Peru, Chile and Venezuela. Since levels of TBT recorded in several studied MPAs were enough do induce deleterious biological responses over marine biota, it was clear that conservancy goals of some "protected" areas are under threat. Considering that only TBT exposure was appraised, and these areas are likely to be concomitantly exposed to other classes of contaminants, the actual scenario can be even more frightening. Although initially applied as a TBT case study, the present approach enables an overview for other chemicals within protected areas worldwide.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Argentina , Brasil , Chile , Equador , Monitoramento Ambiental , América Latina , Peru , Compostos de Trialquitina , Venezuela , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
16.
Lima; Organismo Andino de Salud Convenio Hipólito Unanue; 44; 20210000. 40 p. (Situación Actual de la Pandemia Covid-19 a Nivel Mundial y en los Países Andinos, 44, 44).
Monografia em Espanhol | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1145910

RESUMO

Consolidado de la situación epidemiológica de la COVID-19 en los países de la Región Andina (Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Perú y Venezuela) y a nivel mundial al 11 de enero de 2021.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Peru , Venezuela , Bolívia , Chile , Colômbia , Equador
17.
Global Health ; 16(1): 118, 2020 12 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334370

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since 2016 Venezuela has seen a collapse in its economy and public health infrastructure resulting in a humanitarian crisis and massive outward migration. With the emergence of the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 at the end of 2019, the public health emergency within its borders and in neighboring countries has become more severe and as increasing numbers of Venezuelans migrants return home or get stuck along migratory routes, new risks are emerging in the region. RESULTS: Despite clear state obligations to respect, protect and fulfil the rights to health and related economic, social, civil and political rights of its population, in Venezuela, co-occurring malaria and COVID-19 epidemics are propelled by a lack of public investment in health, weak governance, and violations of human rights, especially for certain underserved populations like indigenous groups. COVID-19 has put increased pressure on Venezuelan and regional actors and healthcare systems, as well as international public health agencies, to deal with a domestic and regional public health emergency. CONCLUSIONS: International aid and cooperation for Venezuela to deal with the re-emergence of malaria and the COVID-19 spread, including lifting US-enforced economic sanctions that limit Venezuela's capacity to deal with this crisis, is critical to protecting rights and health in the country and region.


Assuntos
/prevenção & controle , Emigração e Imigração/estatística & dados numéricos , Direitos Humanos/normas , Malária/transmissão , /epidemiologia , Recessão Econômica/estatística & dados numéricos , Direitos Humanos/tendências , Humanos , Malária/epidemiologia , Refugiados/estatística & dados numéricos , Venezuela/epidemiologia
18.
Clin Dermatol ; 38(6): 744-749, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33341208

RESUMO

In the second half of the 20th century, an important series of scientific and sociopolitical events took place in Venezuela. These developments were related to changes in the world and particularly in the United States. In dermatology, beneficial and marked advances germinated and grew. They were propelled in Venezuela by particular characteristics in the local development of this specialty and critically by personal features of two major leaders, Dr Francisco Kerdel-Vegas, who died June 18, 2020, at the age of 92, and Dr Jacinto Convit, who died in 2014 at the age of 101. The interaction of these two cooperating leaders and the scientific and social environment with which they acted are presented.


Assuntos
Dermatologia/história , Dermatologia/tendências , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Masculino , Estados Unidos , Venezuela
19.
Medisur ; 18(6): 1246-1249, nov.-dic. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1149428

RESUMO

RESUMEN La Universidad de las Ciencias de la Salud de Venezuela se establece de forma legal, como centro formador, años después de la gestión del Programa Nacional de Formación en Medicina Integral Comunitaria y el Programa Nacional de Formación Avanzada en Medicina General Integral. Las bases legales, teóricas y metodológicas de esta se sustentan en el proyecto Alma Mater y, de manera particular, en las experiencias normativas, metodológicas, didácticas e instrumentales de estos dos programas. Como universidad médica inmersa en la generación de modelos de formación que garanticen egresados transformadores de los problemas sociales, ha contribuido -a consideración de los autores de este artículo- con la Educación Médica en lo siguiente: enseñanza en el servicio asistencial y educación en el colectivo laboral, desarrollo de nuevas formas de organización de la enseñanza, trabajo metodológico desde una visión integradora de los niveles organizativos del proceso docente educativo y concepción del Servicio Comunitario Estudiantil como actividad de investigación, integración de saberes y transformación comunitaria permanente. La Universidad de las Ciencias de la Salud ha enriquecido las concepciones formativas que regulan el proceso docente educativo en las universidades encargadas de egresar profesionales para los Sistemas Públicos de Salud.


ABSTRACT The University of Health Sciences of Venezuela is legally established, as a training center, years after the management of the National Training Program in Integral Community Medicine and the National Advanced Training Program in Integral General Medicine. Its legal, theoretical and methodological bases are based on the conceptions of the Alma Mater project and, in particular, on the normative, methodological, didactic and instrumental experiences of these programs. As a medical university, immersed in the generation of training models that guarantee transformative graduates of social problems, it has contributed - to the authors of this article - with the Medical Education in the following contributions: education of students in and by the work team, teaching of the profession from the assistance service, development of new forms of organization of teaching, methodological work from an integrative vision of the organizational levels of the educational teaching process and the conception of the Student Community Service as a research activity, integration of knowledge and permanent community transformation. This University has enriched the training conceptions that regulate the teaching learning process in the university that train professionals for Public Health Systems.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Faculdades de Medicina , Ciências da Saúde/educação , Venezuela , Educação Médica
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