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1.
Toxicol Lett ; 318: 57-64, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585160

RESUMO

3-Bromopyruvate (3-BrPA) is a promising agent that has been widely studied in the treatment of cancer and pulmonary hypertension. Rotenone is a pesticide commonly used on farms and was shown to have anti-cancer activity and delay fibrosis progression in chronic kidney disease in a recent study. However, there are few studies showing the toxicity of rotenone and 3-BrPA in the myocardium. To support further medical exploration, it is necessary to clarify the side effects of these compounds on the heart. This study was designed to examine the cardiotoxicity of 3-BrPA and rotenone by investigating electrical and structural cardiac remodeling in rats. Forty male rats were divided into 4 groups (n = 10 in each group) and injected intraperitoneally with 3-BrPA, rotenone or a combination of 3-BrPA and rotenone. The ventricular effective refractory period (VERP), corrected QT interval (QTc), and ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF) inducibility were measured. The expression of Cx43, Kir2.1, Kir6.2, DHPRα1, KCNH2, caspase3, caspase9, Bax, Bcl2, and P53 was detected. Masson's trichrome, TUNEL, HE, and PAS staining and transmission electron microscopy were used to detect pathological and ultrastructural changes. Our results showed that rotenone alone and rotenone combined with 3-BrPA significantly increased the risk of ventricular arrhythmias. Rotenone combined with 3-BrPA caused myocardial apoptosis, and rotenone alone and rotenone combined with 3-BrPA caused electrical and structural cardiac remodeling in rats.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/toxicidade , Ventrículos do Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Piruvatos/toxicidade , Rotenona/toxicidade , Taquicardia Ventricular/induzido quimicamente , Fibrilação Ventricular/induzido quimicamente , Remodelação Ventricular/efeitos dos fármacos , Potenciais de Ação/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Cardiotoxicidade , Conexina 43/genética , Conexina 43/metabolismo , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Ventrículos do Coração/metabolismo , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Ventrículos do Coração/ultraestrutura , Masculino , Canais de Potássio Corretores do Fluxo de Internalização/genética , Canais de Potássio Corretores do Fluxo de Internalização/metabolismo , Ratos Wistar , Período Refratário Eletrofisiológico/efeitos dos fármacos , Medição de Risco , Taquicardia Ventricular/metabolismo , Taquicardia Ventricular/patologia , Taquicardia Ventricular/fisiopatologia , Fibrilação Ventricular/metabolismo , Fibrilação Ventricular/patologia , Fibrilação Ventricular/fisiopatologia
2.
Kyobu Geka ; 72(13): 1061-1065, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31879380

RESUMO

We report our experience with blow-out type left ventricular free wall rupture after acute myocardial infarction, treated by a sutureless technique using Hydrofit (a viscous diisocyanate prepolymer). A 70-year-old woman suddenly experienced cardiopulmonary arrest during gastrointestinal endoscopic examination. Computed tomography revealed cardiac tamponade, loss of contrast in the posterolateral wall of the left ventricle and contrast medium leakage into the pericardial cavity from the lateral wall of the left ventricle. Under cardiopulmonary resuscitation, the patient was transferred to our hospital. Percutaneous cardiopulmonary support was initiated in the operating room, and median sternotomy was immediately performed. The myocardial tear and necrotic area were sealed with Hydrofit and further covered with BioGlue and TachoSil under cardioplegic heart arrest. Hemostasis was completely achieved, and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) was discontinued under intraaortic balloon pumping (IABP) support. At 5 years after surgery, echocardiography showed no pseudoaneurysm formation. This sutureless repair technique using Hydrofit may be useful for a selected case of blow-out type left ventricular free wall rupture.


Assuntos
Ruptura Cardíaca Pós-Infarto , Ruptura Cardíaca , Infarto do Miocárdio , Idoso , Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos
3.
Rev. salud pública Parag ; 9(2): [P57-P63], Dic 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1047096

RESUMO

Introducción: La dilatación de la aurícula izquierda (AI) se considera un marcador ecocardiográfico para la remodelación auricular y la fibrilación auricular. Por ende, hemos investigado la correlación entre la dilatación de la AI con las alteraciones hemodinámicas del ventrículo izquierdo en pacientes con hipertensión arterial. Metodología: En este estudio observacional y prospectivo hemos investigado las variaciones electrocardiográficas, mediciones ecocardiográficas y Holter ECG de 24 hs en pacientes hipertensos que acuden a un hospital terciario desde marzo a septiembre del 2018 en forma ambulatoria y a internados en el Hospital de Clínicas. Resultados: Se estudiaron 104 pacientes, 65 hipertensos conocidos y 39 no hipertensos como grupo control. El diámetro de la AI tuvo una media de 37±8 en pacientes hipertensos, mientras que en pacientes no hipertensos la media fue de 34±5 (p=0,03). Se encontró una asociación significativa entre hipertensión y aumento del diámetro de la AI (p=0,04 OR: 2,6 IC 0,88-7,7). En los pacientes hipertensos se observó una asociación significativa entre la aurícula izquierda dilatada y la fracción de eyección disminuida (p= 0,01 OR: 4,66 IC: 1,28-16,98). Además, una asociación significativa entre la AI dilatada y el diámetro diastólico aumentado del ventrículo izquierdo (VI) (p= 0,0004 OR: 8,75 IC 2,18-35,01). Se observó una asociación significativa entre la presencia de una AI dilatada y el diámetro sistólico del VI aumentado en hipertensos (p= 0,006 OR: 5,74 IC 1,5-21,91). Conclusiones: Hubo una relación significativa entre la hipertensión arterial y la dilatación de la aurícula izquierda. Los pacientes hipertensos con una dilatación de la AI tuvieron un aumento significativo de los diámetros sistólicos y diastólicos del ventrículo izquierdo, así como una disminución significativa de la funcionalidad sistólica del ventrículo izquierdo. Por ende, los pacientes hipertensos que tienen una dilatación de la aurícula izquierda presentaron además alteraciones hemodinámicas asociadas del ventrículo izquierdo. Palabras clave: Dilatación de la aurícula izquierda; Hipertensión arterial; Fracción de eyección del VI. Diámetro sistólico y diastólico del VI.


Introduction: Dilation of the left atrium (LA) is considered an echocardiographic marker for atrial remodeling and atrial fibrillation. Therefore, we have investigated the correlation between dilatation of the IA with hemodynamic alterations of the left ventricle in patients with arterial hypertension. Methodology: In this observational and prospective study we have investigated electrocardiographic variations, echocardiographic measurements and Holter ECG of 24 hours in hypertensive patients who attend a tertiary hospital from March 2018 to September 2018 as outpatients and inpatients. Results: 104 patients were studied, 65 known hypertensive patients and, 39 non-hypertensive as control group. The diameter of the AI had a mean of 37 ± 8 in hypertensive patients, while in non-hypertensive patients the mean was 34 ± 5 (p = 0.03). A significant association was found between hypertension and increased diameter of the LA (p = 0.04 OR: 2.6 CI 0.88-7.7). In hypertensive patients, a significant association was observed between the dilated left atrium and the decreased ejection fraction (p = 0.01 OR: 4.66 CI: 1.28-16.98). In addition, a significant association between dilated LA and the increased diastolic diameter of the LV (p = 0.0004 OR: 8.75 IC 2.18-35.01). A significant association was observed between the presence of dilated IA and the left ventricular systolic diameter increased in hypertensive patients (p = 0.006 OR: 5.74 CI 1.5-21.91). Conclusion: There was a significant relationship between arterial hypertension and dilatation of the left atrium. Hypertensive patients with dilatation of the IA had a significant increase in systolic and diastolic diameters of the left ventricle, as well as a significant decrease in systolic functionality of the left ventricle. Therefore, hypertensive patients who have dilation of the left atrium also had associated hemodynamic alterations of the left ventricle. Key words: Dilation of the left atrium; Arterial hypertension; LV ejection fraction. Systolic and diastolicdiameter of the LV.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Dilatação Patológica , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Sístole , Diástole , Hipertensão
4.
Kardiologiia ; 59(11): 48-55, 2019 Dec 13.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31849299

RESUMO

The article is devoted to the novel methodological approach to assessment of function of the myocardium and the left ventricle as a whole with the help of modern methods of processing ultrasound images obtained by echocardiography. It contains presentation of theoretical prerequisites for elaboration of a new direction, as well as mathematical computations basing on which quantitative parameters for assessment of myocardial function and blood flows within chambers of the heart were obtained. The fundamental principle in assessing these parameters was the use of the phase structure of the cardiac cycle.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia , Miocárdio , Algoritmos , Coração , Ventrículos do Coração
5.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(5): 695-700, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31762240

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess biventricular, especially right ventricular, function and deformationin rhesus monkeys with spontaneous type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). METHODS: Twelve male spontaneous T2DM rhesus monkeys and age, sex, body mass matched 9 healthy rhesus monkeys without hypertension and myocardial infarction were included in this study. Fasting blood glucose (FPG), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and blood liquid levels were measured. Biventricular function and myocardial deformations were evaluated by CMR cine and tissue-tracking. RESULTS: Compared with control, the FPG and HbA1c levers were significantly increased in T2DM group, but there was no significant difference in body mass and age between the two groups. CMR result showed that there was no significant decrease in right ventricle and left ventricle ejection fraction in T2DM (P < 0.05). However, the absolute value of radial and circumferential global peak systolic strain, systolic strain rate and three directions global peak diastolic strain rate of the right ventricle free wall were lower in the T2DM group (P < 0.05). Also, only radial and circumferential peak systolic strain and radial diastolic strain rate of left ventricle were higher (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Right ventricle showed systolic and diastolic dysfunction which were consistent with left ventricle in T2DM by CMR-tissue tracking.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Direita , Animais , Macaca mulatta , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Volume Sistólico
6.
EuroIntervention ; 15(10): 902-911, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746755

RESUMO

AIMS: Correction of mitral and/or tricuspid regurgitation (MR, TR) frequently leads to poor outcomes in the days following intervention. We sought to understand how abrupt correction of MR and TR affects ventricular load and to investigate if gradual correction is beneficial. METHODS AND RESULTS: MR and TR were simulated using the CircAdapt cardiovascular system model with effective regurgitant orifice (ERO) areas of 0.5 cm2 and 0.7 cm2. Ventricular and atrial contractility reductions to 40% of normal and pulmonary hypertension were simulated. Abrupt and gradual ERO closure were simulated with homeostatic regulation of blood pressure and volume. Abrupt correction of MR increased left and right ventricular fibre stress by 40% and 15%, respectively, whereas TR correction increased left and right ventricular fibre stress by 26% and 19%, respectively. This spike was followed by a rapid drop in fibre stress. Myocardial dysfunction prolonged the spike but reduced its amplitude. Right ventricular fibre stress increased more with pulmonary hypertension and TR. Gradual correction demonstrated no spike in tissue load. CONCLUSIONS: Simulations demonstrated that abrupt ERO closure creates a transient increase in ventricular load that is prolonged by worsened myocardial condition and exacerbated by pulmonary hypertension. Gradual closure of the ERO abolishes this spike and merits clinical investigation.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide , Átrios do Coração , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos
8.
Acta Cir Bras ; 34(8): e201900807, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618407

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of tanshinone IIA (TIIA) on ventricular remodeling in rats with pressure overload-induced heart failure. METHODS: Pressure overload-induced heart failure model (abdominal aortic coarctation) was established in 40 rats, which were divided into model and 5, 10 and 20 mg/kg TIIA groups. Ten rats receiving laparotomy excepting abdominal aortic coarctation were enrolled in sham-operated group. The 5, 10 and 20 mg/kg TIIA groups were treated with 5, 10 and 20 mg/kg TIIA, respectively, for 8 weeks. RESULTS: Compared with model group, in 20 mg/kg TIIA group the left ventricular ejection fraction, left ventricular fractional shortening, left ventricular systolic pressure, ±maximum left ventricular pressure rising and dropping rate, and myocardial B-cell lymphoma-2 and cleaved cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-3 protein levels were increased, respectively (P<0.05), and the left ventricular end diastolic diameter, left ventricular end systolic diameter, left ventricular end diastolic pressure, heart weight index, left ventricular weight index, serum B-type brain natriuretic peptide, interleukin 6 and C-reactive protein levels and myocardial B-cell lymphoma-2 associated X protein level were decreased, respectively (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: TIIA may alleviate ventricular remodeling in rats with pressure overload-induced heart failure heart by reducing inflammatory response and cardiomyocyte apoptosis.


Assuntos
/farmacologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Imunossupressores/farmacologia , Remodelação Ventricular/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Pressão Ventricular
9.
Kyobu Geka ; 72(10): 767-771, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582693

RESUMO

In this series, we describe the techniques of atrial, ventricular incision and closure. Right atriotomy is a surgical procedure necessary to expose congenital abnormalities of the tricuspid valve and other congenital heart diseases such as atrial and ventricular septal defects. Whereas, left atriotomy( for example left side atrial, transseptal or superior transseptal incisions) is a technique needed to expose mitral valve disease, frequently used during the maze procedure. And finally, left ventriculostomy is a surgical approach applied during resection of scar tissue or thrombus of ventricular aneurysm surgery, repair of the ventricular septal rupture and endoaneurysmorrhaphy. These are known techniques that have already been described in many manuscripts and textbooks. Regarding atriotomy and ventriculostomy, the most important thing to know is how to expose the tricuspid, mitral valves and adjacent sections of the heart. Ventriculostomy uses strips of teflon felt to strengthen the suture line and enhance hemostasis.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Aneurisma Cardíaco , Átrios do Coração , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos , Valva Mitral
10.
Kyobu Geka ; 72(11): 928-930, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31588111

RESUMO

We report a case of surgical treatment of iatrogenic right ventricular perforation. An 86-year-old woman with sick sinus syndrome was treated by insertion of transvenous electrode catheters. She was transferred to our hospital due to chest pain 9 days after the insertion. We found the ventricular electrode catheter had perforated the right ventricle by computed tomography (CT). This perforated lesion was repaired under beating heart using 2-0 monofilament mattress sutures reinforced by felt pledgets. The perforation may have occurred because the apex portion of the right ventricle was fragile. Iatrogenic cardiac trauma is rare, and prompt recognition and treatment are essential.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Cardíacos , Marca-Passo Artificial , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cateteres , Dor no Peito , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos
11.
Kardiologiia ; 59(9S): 16-24, 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644413

RESUMO

Left ventricular hypertrophy - is one of the most frequent structural changes in the heart. This article is devoted to the assessment of modern views on the causes of myocardial hypertrophy of the donor heart, indications and contraindications for the heart trans­ plantation, the outlook of expanding the pool of effective donors through the use of these hearts. Here are considered the issues of post-transplantation remodeling of the donor heart myocardium, The pathogenesis features, the nascence risk and possibilities of drug regulation of the transplanted heart's myocardial hypertrophy of the left ventricle.


Assuntos
Transplante de Coração , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda , Humanos , Miocárdio , Doadores de Tecidos , Remodelação Ventricular
13.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(5): 527-535, Sept-Oct. 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040101

RESUMO

Currently, the association between obesity and heart failure (HF) is increasingly known. Patients with advanced obesity who suffer from HF without an identifiable cause can be diagnosed as having obesity-associated cardiomyopathy. Although data suggest that obesity may reduce mortality in HF, weight loss, especially in the presence of morbid obesity, reduces symptoms and improves the quality of life of those patients. Bariatric surgery is the major treatment available for sustained weight loss in morbid obesity. Observational studies have demonstrated an improvement in ventricular structure and function of morbidly obese patients with HF who underwent that procedure. Thus, despite the risks, bariatric surgery should be considered for patients with HF, because of its potential for reducing associated comorbidities and improving quality of life and functional capacity, in addition to making eligible for heart transplantation those excluded due to high body mass index


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Resultado do Tratamento , Cirurgia Bariátrica , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Obesidade , Qualidade de Vida , Volume Sistólico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Índice de Massa Corporal , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda , Circunferência Abdominal , Ventrículos do Coração
15.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 32(4): 303-308, out.-dez. 2019. tab, ilus, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023931

RESUMO

A cardiomiopatia hipertrófica é uma doença de origem genética, que afeta milhares de pessoas em todo o mundo.Objetivos: Avaliar a presença de regurgitação mitral em pacientes com cardiomiopatia hipertrófica, bem como sua relação com variáveis ecodopplercardiográficas do ventrículo esquerdo. A disfunção de valva mitral encontradas nesses pacientes mostra-se um dado de extrema relevância, visto que é capaz de predizer a sobrevida e a taxa de mortalidade dos enfermos acometidos pela cardiomiopatia hipertrófica.Métodos: Foram avaliados todos os ecocardiogramas realizados no período de 2006 a 2016 no serviço de ecocardiografia do Hospital de Base de São José do Rio Preto, sendo o total de 112.930 exames. Foram selecionados aqueles com diagnóstico de cardiomiopatia hipertrófica ou espessura parietal > 15 mm, e incluídos na análise 132 pacientes.Resultados: Regurgitação valvar mitral de grau moderado e importante esteve presente em 25% e 5,3% dos pacientes, respectivamente, sendo que a regurgitação mitral esteve independentemente correlacionada com a forma obstrutiva de cardiomiopatia hipertrófica.Conclusão: A regurgitação mitral é achado frequente em pacientes com cardiomiopatia hipertrófica, no entanto, a insuficiência mitral importante é extremamente incomum e está correlacionada com a forma obstrutiva da doença


Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a genetic disease that affects thousands of people around the world.Objectives:The present study aims to evaluate the presence of mitral regurgitation in patients with HCM, as well as its relationship with left ventricular Doppler echocardiographic variables. The mitral valve failure found in these patients is an extremely important finding, since it is able to predict the survival and mortality rate of the patients affected by HCM.Materials and Methods: All echocardiograms performed from 2006 to 2016 in the echocardiographic service of Hospital de Base de São José do Rio Preto were evaluated. A total of 112,930 tests were gathered, of which those with HCM diagnosis or wall thickness >15 mm were selected and 132 patients were included in the analysis.Results: Moderate and major mitral valve regurgitation is present in 25% and 5.3% of the patients, respectively, and MRI is independently correlated with the obstructive form of HCM.Conclusion: Mitral regurgitation is a frequent finding in patients with CMP, however, significant MI is extremely uncommon and is correlated with the obstructive form of the disease


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/complicações , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/genética , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Volume Sistólico , Ecocardiografia Doppler/métodos , Análise Estatística , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ventrículos do Coração , Hipertensão , Valva Mitral
16.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 32(4): 318-30, out.-dez. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1024061

RESUMO

A doença pulmonar hipertensiva pode ser definida como um conjunto de alterações fisiopatológicas pulmonares que resultam em uma patologia grave, progressiva e com alta morbimortalidade. O ecocardiograma transtorácico é um método de imagem de fácil acesso e essencial para avaliação desta doença, principalmente na faixa pediátrica, na qual há limitações para realização frequente e de rotina do cateterismo direito. Nesta revisão, abordaremos as principais técnicas ecocardiográficas para o diagnóstico e a avaliação hemodinâmica da hipertensão pulmonar na população pediátrica. O diagnóstico precoce e o adequado estadiamento no acompanhamento das intervenções clínicas são fundamentais para escolha assertiva da abordagem terapêutica e, consequentemente, melhora do desfecho clínico


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pediatria , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Criança , Hipertensão Pulmonar/mortalidade , Artéria Pulmonar , Valva Tricúspide , Veia Cava Inferior , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Ecocardiografia Doppler/métodos , Disfunção Ventricular Direita , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Átrios do Coração , Ventrículos do Coração
18.
Rev Port Cir Cardiotorac Vasc ; 26(2): 147-149, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476817

RESUMO

We report the case of a 44 year-old patient with complex ACHD, admitted with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) in hemodynamic profile B. He had a single ventricle with pulmonary atresia, previously submitted to three modified Blalock-Taussig shunts (mBTs) at the age of 2, 12 and 19 years old. Despite conventional treatment with diuretics, ß-blockers (BB) and isosorbide dinitrate the patient progressed to profile C and the transthoracic echocardiogram disclosed a reduced systolic function. Likewise, levosimendan was commenced and an appropriate decongestion and a marked reduction in the NT-proBNP were seen. Treatment with angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor, BB, ivabradine and mineralocorticoid receptor was optimized. The patient was discharged home after 26 days in NYHA class III and referred for heart transplant after right heart catheterization. To our knowledge, this is the first report of successful levosimendan's use in ADHF in a mBTs long-term survivor.


Assuntos
Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Ventrículos do Coração/anormalidades , Simendana/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Procedimento de Blalock-Taussig , Cardiopatias Congênitas/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Ventrículos do Coração/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Artéria Pulmonar/anormalidades , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Life Sci ; 235: 116802, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472150

RESUMO

Substrate stiffness is essential for cell functions, but the mechanisms by which cell sense mechanical cues are still unclear. Here we show that the frequency and the amplitude of spontaneous Ca2+ oscillations were greater in chick cardiomyocytes cultured on the stiff substrates than that on the soft substrates. The spontaneous Ca2+ oscillations were increased on stiff substrates. However, an eliminated dependence of the Ca2+ oscillations on substrate stiffness was observed after applying blocker of the large-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (BK) channels. In addition, the activity of BK channels in cardiomyocytes cultured on the stiff substrates was decreased. These results provide compelling evidences to show that BK channels are crucial in substrate stiffness-dependent regulation of the Ca2+ oscillation in cardiomyocytes.


Assuntos
Sinalização do Cálcio , Cálcio/metabolismo , Ventrículos do Coração/metabolismo , Canais de Potássio Ativados por Cálcio de Condutância Alta/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Animais , Embrião de Galinha , Galinhas , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia , Especificidade por Substrato
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