Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 80.418
Filtrar
2.
Praxis (Bern 1994) ; 109(13): 1017-1025, 2020.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050815

RESUMO

CME: Left Bundle Branch Block and Painful Left Bundle Branch Block Syndrome Abstract. Left bundle branch block (LBBB) is the electrocardiographic correlate of a pathologic transmission of the electrical signals in the myocardium which can lead to a dyssynchronous left ventricular activation and thus to an inefficient contraction of the ventricles. It is usually the expression of an underlying cardiopathy and represents an independent risk factor of cardiovascular mortality, therefore further examination is indicated in each case. Besides the treatment of an underlying disease, a specific therapy has been available since the introduction of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). A rarer phenomenon is the painful left bundle branch block in structurally healthy hearts.


Assuntos
Bloqueio de Ramo , Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca , Eletrocardiografia , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos , Síndrome
3.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 15(1): 297, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008444

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While the aneurysms of the membranous septum (AVS) are rare, the possibility that they lead to obstruction is even rarer. To the best of our knowledge, 11 similar cases have been reported since 1982. CASE PRESENTATION: Initially, the five-year-old boy was evaluated for dyspnoea that had been present since birth. He did not receive any medical treatment until the previous year. At the age of four, the transthoracic echocardiography showed a large aneurysm extending to the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) and causing RVOT stenosis. Complete surgical resection of the aneurysmal tissue was performed, and the boy was discharged home in satisfactory condition. CONCLUSIONS: As the occurrence of RVOT obstruction by a membranous ventricular septal aneurysm is very rare, we are reporting the second case in which an aneurysm of the membranous septum dynamically obstructed the RVOT in a child. We are also reviewing all the previously reported similar cases in the literature. Further studies are needed to obtain a more comprehensive understanding of aneurysms of the membranous septum (AVS).


Assuntos
Aneurisma Cardíaco/cirurgia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Comunicação Interventricular/cirurgia , Septo Interventricular/cirurgia , Pré-Escolar , Dispneia/etiologia , Ecocardiografia , Aneurisma Cardíaco/complicações , Cardiopatias Congênitas/complicações , Comunicação Interventricular/complicações , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos , Masculino
4.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 714-717, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018087

RESUMO

Early and noninvasive identification of heart failure progression is an important adjunct to successful and timely intervention. Severity of heart failure (HF) was assessed by Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF). In this paper, we explore the circadian (24-hour) heart rate variability (HRV) features from ''normal" (EF >50%), "at-risk" (EF <40%), and "border-line" (40% ≤ EF ≤ 50%) patient data to determine whether HRV features can predict the stage of heart failure. All coronary artery disease (CAD) 24-hour circadian heart rate data were fitted by a cosinor analysis algorithm. Hourly HRV features from time- and frequency-domains were then extracted from all 24-hour patient data. A one-way ANOVA test was performed followed by a Tukey post-hoc multiple comparison test to investigate the differences among the three groups. The results showed a statistically significant difference between the three groups when using the normalized high frequency (HF Norm), low frequency peak (LF Peak), and the normalized very-low frequency (VLF Norm) for the 05:00-06:00 and 18:00-19:00 time periods. These results highlight a possible link between the circadian variation of sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system activity and LVEF for CAD patients. The results could be useful in differentiating the various degrees of LVEF by using only noninvasive HRV features derived over a 24-hour period.Clinical relevance- The proposed method could be clinically useful to estimate the extent of LVEF associated with the severity of heart failure by recording the circadian variation of the heart rate in CAD patients. However, further clinical trials on a larger cohort of patients and controls are required.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Ritmo Circadiano , Frequência Cardíaca , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
5.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 1182-1185, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018198

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a global common disease which 33.5 million individuals suffer from. Conventional cardiac magnetic resonance and 4D flow magnetic resonance imaging have been used to study AF patients. We propose a left ventricular flow component analysis from 4D flow for AF detection. This method was applied to healthy controls and AF patients before catheter ablation. Retained inflow, delayed ejection, and residual volume had a significant difference between controls and the AF group as well as a conventional LV stroke volume parameter, and among them, residual volume was the strongest parameter to detect AF.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Volume Sistólico
6.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 1203-1206, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018203

RESUMO

Cardiovascular disease is one of the major health problems worldwide. In clinical practice, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) is considered the gold-standard imaging modality for the evaluation of the function and structure of the left ventricle (LV). More recently, deep learning methods have been used to segment LV with impressive results. On the other hand, this kind of approach is prone to overfit the training data, and it does not generalize well between different data acquisition centers, thus creating constraints to the use in daily routines. In this paper, we explore methods to improve the generalization in the segmentation performed by a convolutional neural network. We applied a U-net based architecture and compared two different pre-processing methods to improve uniformity in the image contrast between five cross-dataset training and testing. Overall, we were able to perform the segmentation of the left ventricle using multiple cross-dataset combinations of train and test, with a mean endocardium dice score of 0.82.Clinical Relevance- This work improves the result between the cross-dataset evaluation of the left ventricle segmentation, reducing the constraints for daily clinical adoption of a fully-automatic segmentation method.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Ventrículos do Coração , Algoritmos , Coração , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
7.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 1221-1224, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018207

RESUMO

Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) is one of the most accurate non-invasive modalities for evaluation of cardiac function, especially the left ventricle (LV). In this modality, the manual or semi-automatic delineation of LV by experts is currently the standard clinical practice for chambers segmentation. Despite these efforts, global quantification of LV remains a challenge. In this work, a combination of two convolutional neural network (CNN) architectures for quantitative evaluation of the LV is described, which estimates the cavity and the myocardium areas, endocardial cavity dimensions in three directions, and the myocardium regional wall thickness in six radial directions. The method was validated in CMRI exams of 56 patients (LVQuan19 dataset) and evaluated by metrics Dice Index, Mean Absolute Error, and Correlation with superior performance compared to the state-of-the-art methods. The combination of the CNN architectures provided a simpler yet fully automated approach, requiring no specialist interaction.Clinical Relevance- With the proposed method, it is possible to perform automatically the full quantification of regional clinically relevant parameters of the left ventricle in short-axis CMRI images with superior performance compared to state-of-the-art methods.


Assuntos
Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Redes Neurais de Computação , Endocárdio , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
8.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 2019-2022, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018400

RESUMO

Echocardiography is the modality of choice for the assessment of left ventricle function. Left ventricle is responsible for pumping blood rich in oxygen to all body parts. Segmentation of this chamber from echocardiographic images is a challenging task, due to the ambiguous boundary and inhomogeneous intensity distribution. In this paper we propose a novel deep learning model named ResDUnet. The model is based on U-net incorporated with dilated convolution, where residual blocks are employed instead of the basic U-net units to ease the training process. Each block is enriched with squeeze and excitation unit for channel-wise attention and adaptive feature re-calibration. To tackle the problem of left ventricle shape and size variability, we chose to enrich the process of feature concatenation in U-net by integrating feature maps generated by cascaded dilation. Cascaded dilation broadens the receptive field size in comparison with traditional convolution, which allows the generation of multi-scale information which in turn results in a more robust segmentation. Performance measures were evaluated on a publicly available dataset of 500 patients with large variability in terms of quality and patients pathology. The proposed model shows a dice similarity increase of 8.4% when compared to deeplabv3 and 1.2% when compared to the basic U-net architecture. Experimental results demonstrate the potential use in clinical domain.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia , Ventrículos do Coração , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Manejo de Espécimes
9.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 2315-2318, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018471

RESUMO

Dialysis is prescribed to renal failure patients as a long-term chronic treatment. Whereas dialysis therapeutically normalizes serum electrolytes and removes small toxin molecules, it fails to alleviate fibroblast induced structural fibrosis, and unresponsive uremia. The simultaneous presence of altered electrolytes and fibrosis or uremia is thought to be pro-arrhythmogenic. This study explored potential arrhythmogenesis under pre-dialysis (high electrolyte levels) and post-dialysis (low physiological electrolyte levels) in the presence of fibrosis and uremia in human atrial and ventricular model cardiomyocytes.Two validated human cardiomyocyte models were used in this study that permitted simulation of cardiac atrial and ventricular detailed electrophysiology. Pathological conditions simulating active fibrosis and uremia were implemented in both models. Pre- and post-dialysis conditions were simulated using high and low electrolyte levels respectively. Arrythmogenesis was quantified by computing restitution curves that permitted identification of action potential duration and calcium transient alternans instabilities.In comparison to control conditions, fibrosis abbreviated action potential durations while uremia prolonged the same. Under pre-dialysis conditions, an elevation of serum electrolyte levels caused action potential durations to be abbreviated under both fibrosis and uremia. Alternans instability was observed in the ventricular cardiomyocyte model. Under post-dialysis conditions, lower levels of serum electrolytes promoted an abbreviated action potential duration under fibrosis but caused a large increase of the control and uremic action potential durations. Alternans instabilities were observed in the atrial cardiomyocyte model under post-dialysis conditions at physiological heart rates. The calcium transient restitution showed similar alternans instabilities.Co-existing conditions such as fibrosis and uremia in the presence of unphysiological electrolyte levels promote arrhythmogenesis and may require additional treatment to improve dialysis outcomes.Clinical Relevance. Knowledge of model response to clinically relevant conditions permits use of in silico modeling to better understand and dissect underlying arrhythmia mechanisms.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Miócitos Cardíacos , Potenciais de Ação , Átrios do Coração , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos
10.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 2594-2597, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018537

RESUMO

Detection of Atrial fibrillation (AF) from premature atrial contraction (PAC) and premature ventricular contraction (PVC) is challenging as frequent occurrences of these ectopic beats can mimic the typical irregular patterns of AF. In this paper, we present a preliminary study of using density Poincare plot based machine learning method to detect AF from PAC/PVCs using electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings. First, we propose creation of this new density Poincare plot which is derived from the difference of the heart rate. Next, from this density Poincare plot, template correlation and discrete wavelet transform are used to extract suitable image-based features, which is followed by infinite latent feature selection algorithm to rank the features. Finally, classification of AF vs PAC/PVC is performed using K-Nearest Neighbor, discriminant analysis and support vector machine (SVM) classifiers. Our method is developed and validated using a subset of Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care (MIMIC) III database containing 8 AF and 8 PAC/PVC subjects. Both 10-fold and leave-one-subject-out cross validations are performed to show the robustness of our proposed method. During the 10-fold cross-validation, SVM achieved the best performance with 99.49% sensitivity, 94.51% specificity and 97.29% accuracy with the extracted features while for the leave-one-subject-out, the highest overall accuracy is 90.91%. Moreover, when compared with two state-of-the-art methods, the proposed algorithm achieves superior AF vs. PAC/PVC discrimination performance.Clinical Relevance-This preliminary study shows that with the help of density Poincare plot, AF can be separated from PAC/PVC with better accuracy.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Complexos Ventriculares Prematuros , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Complexos Atriais Prematuros/diagnóstico , Átrios do Coração , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos , Complexos Ventriculares Prematuros/diagnóstico
11.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 2598-2601, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018538

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Arterial-ventricular coupling (AVC) has been recognized as a key determinant of global cardiovascular performance. Diastolic dysfunction (DD) occurs when inadequate filling of the ventricles is related to an abnormal elevation of intracardiac filling pressures. In some cases, DD is evidenced during cardiac stress, provoked by exercise. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate AVC in individuals with stress evidenced DD, in relation to controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Stress echocardiography was applied to assess cardiac function during exercise. Arterial-ventricular coupling was evaluated, based on the assessment of left ventricular and arterial elastances. RESULTS: AVC showed a significant difference at peak exercise compared to controls, basically due to a loss of cardiac contractility. CONCLUSION: The manifestation of AVC coupling imbalance could act as a complementary parameter to support the diagnosis of DD.


Assuntos
Artérias , Ventrículos do Coração , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Contração Miocárdica , Projetos Piloto
13.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4666, 2020 09 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938943

RESUMO

Intercalated discs (ICD), specific cell-to-cell contacts that connect adjacent cardiomyocytes, ensure mechanical and electrochemical coupling during contraction of the heart. Mutations in genes encoding ICD components are linked to cardiovascular diseases. Here, we show that loss of Xinß, a newly-identified component of ICDs, results in cardiomyocyte proliferation defects and cardiomyopathy. We uncovered a role for Xinß in signaling via the Hippo-YAP pathway by recruiting NF2 to the ICD to modulate cardiac function. In Xinß mutant hearts levels of phosphorylated NF2 are substantially reduced, suggesting an impairment of Hippo-YAP signaling. Cardiac-specific overexpression of YAP rescues cardiac defects in Xinß knock-out mice-indicating a functional and genetic interaction between Xinß and YAP. Our study reveals a molecular mechanism by which cardiac-expressed intercalated disc protein Xinß modulates Hippo-YAP signaling to control heart development and cardiac function in a tissue specific manner. Consequently, this pathway may represent a therapeutic target for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Animais , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/genética , Comunicação Celular , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Ventrículos do Coração/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/genética , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Mutação , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Neurofibromina 2/genética , Neurofibromina 2/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Transdução de Sinais
14.
Int Heart J ; 61(5): 979-983, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921662

RESUMO

The Fontan procedure is a palliative surgery performed for patients with complex congenital heart disease who exhibit functional single ventricular physiology. Although clinical outcomes of the Fontan procedure have improved in recent years and most patients who undergo the procedure reach adulthood, Fontan-associated liver disease (FALD) is a noncardiovascular complication that has become increasingly common; its risk factors remain unknown.A total of 95 patients who underwent the Fontan procedure and who were followed up for at least three years at Gunma Children's Medical Center and Kitasato University Hospital between 1996 and 2015 were retrospectively enrolled in this study.The mean age of the patients at the time of Fontan procedure was 2.3 ± 1.4 years. Overall, 21 patients (23.1%) experienced FALD. All Fontan procedures were performed with extracardiac total cavopulmonary connection using 16-mm expanded polytetrafluoroethylene grafts. The presence of systemic right ventricle, requirement of pulmonary vasodilator, application of a non-fenestrated Fontan procedure, and absence of fenestration flow at the time of follow-up catheter examination were identified as predictors of FALD using univariate analysis. All these factors, except the requirement of pulmonary vasodilator, remained significant predictors of FALD in multivariate logistic regression analysis.Patients with a systemic right ventricle who undergo the Fontan procedure are at a high risk of FALD in the mid-term. Creating fenestration at the time of Fontan and maintaining the fenestration flow may reduce the mid-term risk of FALD.


Assuntos
Técnica de Fontan/métodos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Hepatopatias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Vasodilatadores/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Bilirrubina/sangue , Pressão Venosa Central/fisiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Lactente , Hepatopatias/sangue , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resistência Vascular
15.
Int Heart J ; 61(5): 922-926, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921670

RESUMO

The incidence of ventricular arrhythmia in patients with an implanted pacemaker is not yet known. The aim of this study was to analyze non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT) episodes based on stored electrograms (EGM) and determine the occurrence rate and risk factors for NSVT in a pacemaker population.This study included 302 consecutive patients with a dual-chamber pacemaker. A total of 1024 EGMs stored in pacemakers as ventricular high-rate episodes were analyzed. The definition of NSVT was ≥ 5 consecutive ventricular beats at ≥ 150 bpm lasting < 30 seconds.In baseline, most patients (94.8%) had ≥ 60% left ventricular ejection fraction. Of 1024 EGMs, 420 (41.0%) showed appropriate NSVT episodes, as well as premature atrial contractions, atrial tachyarrhythmia, or atrial fibrillation with a rapid ventricular response, whereas other EGMs did not show an actual ventricular arrhythmia. On EGM analysis, during a mean follow-up period of 46.1 months, NSVT occurred one or more times in 82 patients (33.1%). On multivariate analysis, ≥ 50% right ventricular pacing was an independent risk factor for NSVT (odds ratios, 4.519; P < 0.001), but NSVT was not associated with increased all-cause mortality.Moreover, in the pacemaker population, ≥ 50% right ventricular pacing is an independent risk factor for NSVT; however, NSVT was not associated with increased all-cause mortality because of the preserved left ventricular function.


Assuntos
Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/métodos , Técnicas Eletrofisiológicas Cardíacas , Mortalidade , Marca-Passo Artificial , Taquicardia Ventricular/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fibrilação Atrial , Complexos Atriais Prematuros , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos , Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Taquicardia Supraventricular
16.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 9(19): e017126, 2020 10 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901560

RESUMO

Background After the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak, social isolation measures were introduced to contain infection. Although there is currently a slowing down of the infection, a reduction of hospitalizations, especially for myocardial infarction, was observed. The aim of our study is to evaluate the impact of the infectious disease on ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) care during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, through the analysis of recent cases of patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention. Methods and Results Consecutive patients affected by STEMI from March 1 to 31, 2020, during social restrictions of Italian government, were collected and compared with patients with STEMI treated during March 2019. During March 2020, we observed a 63% reduction of patients with STEMI who were admitted to our catheterization laboratory, when compared with the same period of 2019 (13 versus 35 patients). Changes in all time components of STEMI care were notably observed, particularly for longer median time in symptom-to-first medical contact, spoke-to-hub, and the cumulative symptom-to-wire delay. Procedural data and in-hospital outcomes were similar between the 2 groups, whereas the length of hospitalization was longer in patients of 2020. In this group, we also observed higher levels of cardiac biomarkers and a worse left ventricular ejection fraction at baseline and discharge. Conclusions The coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak induced a reduction of hospital access for STEMI with an increase in treatment delay, longer hospitalization, higher levels of cardiac biomarkers, and worse left ventricular function.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Idoso , Comorbidade , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Hospitalização/tendências , Humanos , Incidência , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
18.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 43(9): 791-795, 2020 Sep 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894914

RESUMO

Objective: The relationship between the percentage of total cross-sectional area (% CSA) of small pulmonary vessels for the lung area in CTPA and the right ventricular function parameters in patients with pulmonary embolism. Methods: 120 patients with PE and 72 healthy subjects underwent CTPA and all date were analyzed Retrospectively. The main pulmonary artery diameter (mPA), the ratio of the main pulmonary artery to the ascending aorta diameter (rPA), right ventricle/left ventricular diameter ratio (RVd/LVd), and the pulmonary artery obstruction index (PAOI) in the PE group were measured for all subjects. The %CSA<5 mm(2) and 5-10 mm(2) for the lung area (%CSA(<5) and %CSA(5-10)) of small pulmonary vessels were measured with Image J image-processing program. According to the risk stratification of the 2018 Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Pulmonary Thromboembolism, PE patients were divided into medium-high risk group (RVd/LVd>1) and low-risk group (RVd/LVd<1). The indexes of PE in medium-high risk group, low risk group and control group were compared by ANOVA, and the indexes among PE subgroups were compared by independent sample t-test. Spearman correlation method was used to analyze the correlation between %CSA and right ventricular function parameters of PE patients. Results: %CSA(<5) of medium-high risk group, low-risk group and control group were (0.69±0.19)%, (0.95±0.27)% and (0.99±0.30)% (P<0.01), respectively. %CSA(5-10) of three groups were (0.63±0.15)%, (0.84±0.18)%, and (0.85±0.25)% (P<0.01), respectively; %CSA(<5) and %CSA(5-10) of medium-high risk group were lower than low-risk group and control group. %CSA(<5) and %CSA(5-10) in PE patients correlated negatively with RVd/LVd, rPA and mPA (r=-0.545/-0.549, -0.235/-0.352, -0.239/-0.298, respectively). Conclusion: The measurement of % CSA<(5) and %CSA (5-10) in CTPA were negatively correlated with RVd/LVd in patients with pulmonary embolism, which indirectly reflected the severity of the pulmonary embolism patients.


Assuntos
Embolia Pulmonar , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos , Pulmão , Artéria Pulmonar , Estudos Retrospectivos , Disfunção Ventricular Direita
19.
Pediatr Clin North Am ; 67(5): 945-962, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888691

RESUMO

Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is a complex form of congenital heart disease defined by anatomic and functional inadequacy of the left side of the heart with nonviability of the left ventricle to perform systemic perfusion. Lethal if not treated, a strategy for survival currently is well established, with continuing improvement in outcomes over the past 30 years. Prenatal diagnosis, good newborn care, improved surgical skills, specialized postoperative care, and unique strategies for interstage monitoring all have contributed to increasing likelihood of survival. The unique life with a single right ventricle and a Fontan circulation is a focused area of investigation.


Assuntos
Técnica de Fontan/métodos , Ventrículos do Coração/anormalidades , Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/diagnóstico , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal/métodos , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/fisiopatologia , Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/cirurgia , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez
20.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 22(1): 69, 2020 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32951605

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Common types of congenital heart disease exhibit a variety of structural and functional variations which may be accompanied by changes in the myocardial microstructure. We aimed to compare myocardial architecture from magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in preserved pathology specimens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pathology specimens (n = 24) formalin-fixed for 40.8 ± 7.9 years comprised tetralogy of Fallot (TOF, n = 10), dextro-transposition of great arteries (D-TGA, n = 8) five with ventricular septal defect (VSD), systemic right ventricle (n = 4), situs inversus totalis (SIT, n = 1) and levo-TGA (L-TGA, n = 1). Specimens were imaged using a custom spin-echo sequence and segmented automatically according to tissue volume fraction. In each specimen T1, T2, fractional anisotropy, mean diffusivity, helix angle (HA) and sheet angle (E2A) were quantified. Pathologies were compared according to their HA gradient, HA asymmetry and E2A mean value in each myocardial segment (anterior, posterior, septal and lateral walls). RESULTS: TOF and D-TGA with VSD had decreased helix angle gradient by - 0.34°/% and remained symmetric in the septum in comparison to D-TGA without VSD. Helix angle range was decreased by 45°. It was associated with a decreased HA gradient in the right ventricular (RV) wall, i.e. predominant circumferential myocytes. The sheet angle in the septum of TOF was opposing those of the left ventricular (LV) free wall. Univentricular systemic RV had the lowest HA gradient (- 0.43°/%) and the highest HA asymmetry (75%). HA in SIT was linear, asymmetric, and reversed with a sign change at about 70% of the depth at mid-ventricle. In L-TGA with VSD, HA was asymmetric (90%) and its gradients were decreased in the septum, anterior and lateral wall. CONCLUSION: The organization of the myocytes as determined by DTI differs between TOF, D-TGA, L-TGA, systemic RV and SIT specimens. These differences in cardiac structure may further enlighten our understanding of cardiac function in these diverse congenital heart diseases.


Assuntos
Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Miocárdio/patologia , Tetralogia de Fallot/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração/anormalidades , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Tetralogia de Fallot/patologia , Tetralogia de Fallot/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Função Ventricular Direita
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA