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1.
Food Chem ; 398: 133944, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35987003

RESUMO

B group vitamins, except folate, are involved in at least one step of cellular energy production. Vegetables are considered essential for a healthy diet plan. Vegetables significantly affect diet quality by contributing to the adequate intake of some B group vitamins. Our results demonstrated that the level of vitamins B1, B2, and B3 in the studied vegetables was in the range of 9-85 µg/100 g, 22-319 µg/100 g, and 459-3497 µg/100 g, respectively. However, it is fundamental to investigate the bioaccessibility of all vitamins to identify primary dietary sources. We observed that the average bioaccessibility values for vitamins B1 and B2 were 68.9% and 63.9%, respectively. The bioaccessibility of the nicotinic acid form of vitamin B3 was 40%, while the nicotinamide form was 33.9%. As revealed in this research, the bioaccessibilities of vitamins B1, B2, and B3 in vegetables were generally low in vitro.


Assuntos
Tiamina , Complexo Vitamínico B , Dieta , Ácido Fólico , Tiamina/análise , Verduras
2.
Food Chem ; 398: 133908, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35988415

RESUMO

Color is the first attribute that influences the acceptance of foods as they become more attractive to consumers when they are more intense and uniform. In recent years, the interest of producers and consumers in purchasing products containing natural ingredients have constantly increased. Natural pigments are commonly extracted from fruits and vegetables, and have been proven to provide health benefits to reduce the risk of diseases such as type-1 diabetes, obesity, and coronary diseases. Additionally, advanced extraction and encapsulation technologies that make food matrices more efficient are useful tools for improving the use of these pigments. In this review, the state-of-the-art of pigments such as carotenoids, anthocyanins, and betalains of plant origin are discussed, including their main sources of production and the factors that affect their physicochemical stability. In addition, different extraction methods are discussed, listing their advantages and disadvantages, and providing some applications of natural pigments in food.


Assuntos
Antocianinas , Betalaínas , Carotenoides , Pigmentação , Verduras
3.
Food Chem ; 398: 133920, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35988418

RESUMO

The overuse of swelling agents in fruits and vegetables has rapidly increased, resulting in food safety problems. Hence, a new method for the selective extraction and detection of thidiazuron (TDZ) and forchlorfenuron (KT30) was developed using deep eutectic solvent-molecularly imprinted hydrophilic resin (DES-MIHR) as a pipette tip solid-phase extraction (PT-SPE) adsorbent with excellent molecular recognition in aqueous matrixes. DES-MIHR interacted with TDZ and KT30 via π-π interactions and hydrogen bonding. The miniaturized PT-SPE can be performed with just 5.0 mg adsorbent, 0.3 mL water, and 0.2 mL eluent, thus having the advantage of the low consumption of adsorbent and organic reagents. The performance of the DES-MIHR-PT-SPE-high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was demonstrated with the recoveries from various fruits and vegetables being 81.1-102.9 % (RSD ≤ 7.1 %). Thereby indicating the general applicability of the developed method for the accurate determination of trace swelling agents in fruits and vegetables.


Assuntos
Impressão Molecular , Verduras , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Solventes Eutéticos Profundos , Frutas , Impressão Molecular/métodos , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos
4.
Food Chem ; 399: 133955, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36041336

RESUMO

Herbicides atrazine and acetochlor are used in crop production. Because of environmental and health hazards with respective maximum contamination levels of 3 and 20 ng/mL, quantifying these herbicides is important when considering presence in foods and vegetables. We utilized two Pd@Pt nanoparticle-amplified immunoassays, a colorimetric Pd@Pt nanoparticle-linked immunosorbent assay (NLISA) and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) dependent on catalytic activity of Pd@Pt in a dual-lateral flow immunoassay (dual-LFIA-DPV). We achieved overall recoveries of 88.5-114 % in juice, fruit, and vegetable samples for both immunoassays. The NLISA yielded limits of detection (LODs) of 0.59 and 0.31 µg/kg and the dual-LFIA-DPV 0.27 and 0.51 µg/kg for the two respective species. Results for both immunoassays were validated by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), for all food and drink samples though LODs are compromised when configuring the HPLC for both species with the same chromatogram. We expect Pd@Pt-based immunoassays to prove useful in various fields.


Assuntos
Herbicidas , Nanopartículas , Frutas/química , Herbicidas/análise , Imunoensaio/métodos , Imunoadsorventes/análise , Limite de Detecção , Verduras/química
5.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 15750, 2022 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36130961

RESUMO

Circadian misalignments have been linked to adverse cardiometabolic outcomes. However, the association between irregular daily routine and the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains unknown. We examined this association in a prospective study in Japan. The study included 78,115 Japanese participants aged 45-74 years. The self-reported daily routine was evaluated using the question, 'Is your daily routine or activity schedule regular?' The response (yes/no) was obtained as a binary variable. Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was used to estimate the hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals for the association between an irregular daily routine and CVD incidence risk. Among the participants, 23.7% reported an irregular daily routine. During the mean follow-up period of 13.3 years, we observed 4641 CVD events. An irregular daily routine was significantly associated with increased risks of CVD and total stroke in women, but not in men. This positive association between an irregular daily routine and the risk of CVD was weak in the high vegetable and fruit consuming population. An irregular daily routine is positively associated with the risk of incident CVD, especially in women. These associations may be weak in populations that consume a diet rich in vegetables and fruits.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Doença das Coronárias , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doença das Coronárias/epidemiologia , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Verduras
6.
J Med Internet Res ; 24(9): e37563, 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36069840

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Web-based multiple health behavior change (MHBC) interventions have demonstrated effectiveness in promoting physical activity (PA) and fruit and vegetable consumption (FVC) among Chinese college students. However, there is limited research examining their effects on promoting a healthy lifestyle (ie, adhering to both PA and FVC behavioral recommendations) among Chinese college students. In addition, the salient psychosocial mediators of successful MHBC interventions need to be researched. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the effectiveness of a previous 8-week web-based MHBC program for promoting a healthy lifestyle and enhancing the psychosocial determinants (intention, self-efficacy, planning, and social support) of behavior change among Chinese college students. Furthermore, the study aims to identify whether changes in these psychosocial determinants mediate intervention effectiveness on the immediate and sustained lifestyle changes. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis for a 3-arm randomized controlled trial. Chinese college students (N=552) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: a PA-first group (4-week PA intervention followed by 4-week FVC intervention), an FVC-first group (4-week FVC intervention followed by 4-week PA intervention), and a placebo control group. The intervention content was designed based on the health action process approach model. Data for analyses were collected at baseline (T0), postintervention assessment (T1), and 12-week follow-up assessment (T2). RESULTS: At baseline, 13.9% (77/552) of the participants maintained a healthy lifestyle. After 8 weeks, more (200/552, 36.2%) participants achieved a healthy lifestyle. PA-first and FVC-first groups were, respectively, 3.24 times and 5 times more likely to adopt a healthy lifestyle than the control group at T1. After 12 weeks, 35.5% (196/552) of the participants adopted a healthy lifestyle. Intervention groups were approximately 2.99 times (PA first) and 4.07 times (FVC first) more likely to adopt a healthy lifestyle than the control group at T2. Intervention effects favored both intervention groups in self-efficacy and planning for PA and in intention and planning for FVC compared with the control condition. In addition, changes in PA self-efficacy and FVC intention mediated intervention effectiveness on the immediate lifestyle change after 8 weeks. Changes in FVC intention were identified as a salient mediator for facilitating sustained lifestyle change after 12 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides empirical evidence for the effectiveness of an 8-week theory- and web-based MHBC intervention program on promoting a healthy lifestyle, self-efficacy and planning for PA, and intention and planning for FVC among Chinese college students. These research findings add new knowledge to the underlying psychosocial mechanisms of successful MHBC interventions. Overall, this study has considerable implications for future web-based MHBC research and practice in terms of addressing PA self-efficacy and FVC intention and helping students to adopt and maintain a healthy lifestyle independently of whether PA or FVC is addressed first. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03627949; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03627949.


Assuntos
Intervenção Baseada em Internet , China , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Humanos , Estudantes/psicologia , Verduras
7.
Pak J Biol Sci ; 25(9): 781-795, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36098080

RESUMO

<b>Background and Objective:</b> Nitrogen is an essential macronutrient for plant growth, improving the absorption and utilization of some other nutrients and controlling total plant development. Compost tea (CT) is an aqueous extract of compost that contains high organic matter levels necessary for plants and aerobic soil microorganisms. <i>Spirulina platensis</i> is a multi-cellular blue-green micro-alga that contains green pigments, high levels of nutrients and plant growth regulators. This work was designed to study the possibility of using CT and <i>S. platensis</i> algae culture filtrate (ACF) in improving plant growth, yield and quality of sugar beet grown under different nitrogen fertilizer levels. <b>Materials and Methods:</b> Two field experiments were conducted at Ismailia Research Station, Ismailia Province, Egypt, during the 2019/2020 and 2020/2021 seasons. The study involved two N levels (90 and 120 kg/fed), three CT rates (without, 30 and 60 l/fed) and three ACF levels (without, 1 and 2 l/fed) three times. A split-plot design was used. <b>Results:</b> Adding 120 kg N/fed increased crop growth rate (CGR), root yield/fed (RY) and sugar yield/fed (SY), while, sucrose (%) and quality index (QI) decreased. Soil drench with 60 l CT/fed incremented leaf area index (LAI), CGR, sucrose (%), RY and SY. Increasing ACF level up to 2 l/fed increased LAI, sucrose (%), QI, RY and SY. Root yield was positively correlated with SY and negatively with QI. <b>Conclusion:</b> Applying 90 kg N/fed combined with a soil drench of 60 l CT/fed and foliar spraying with 2 l ACF/fed thrice can be recommended to attain economical root and sugar yields.


Assuntos
Beta vulgaris , Compostagem , Fertilizantes , Nitrogênio/análise , Solo , Spirulina , Sacarose , Açúcares , Chá , Verduras
8.
Pak J Biol Sci ; 25(9): 803-815, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36098082

RESUMO

<b>Background and Objective:</b> Beetroot juice is a biological antioxidant and acts as health-promoting minerals as well as soluble fibres and vitamins. This study aimed to encapsulate the Beetroot Juice Powder (BJP) by the conjugate sodium caseinate (NaCas) and Maltodextrin (MD) to protect it from environmental conditions. Produced flavoured acid beverage using BJP encapsulated using conjugates. <b>Materials and Methods:</b> Nano-encapsulation of BJP (20, 30, 40 mg g<sup></sup><sup>1</sup>) and determine the encapsulation efficiency, size and zeta potential. Rats were divided into 4 groups as follows, negative control, positive control and 2 test groups that received free BJP or encapsulated BJP. All rats except the negative control group were injected with CCl<sub>4</sub> twice a week. <b>Results:</b> The NaCas-MD conjugate has the advantage over the NaCas-MD complex of higher stability and BJP binding, also showing high encapsulation efficiency (>93.75%) of different levels of BJP. The flavoured beverage from the addition of BJP encapsulated by conjugate has better sensory and technological properties than fortified with BJP in the complex. Injection with CCl<sub>4</sub> leads to a decrease in body weight, serum parameters including, protein, albumin, GSH, CAT and SOD, also increase ALT, AST, ALP and liver weight. Moreover, a variable pathological alteration in liver tissue was found. At the end of the experiment receiving encapsulated beetroot juice led to improvement in all above body and liver weight, all biochemical parameters and histopathological elevation. <b>Conclusion:</b> Thus, it could be concluded that flavoured beverage containing BJP encapsulated by conjugate is of acceptable quality and high antioxidant activity. Also, it has a remarkable protective effect against acute hepatotoxicity.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Substâncias Protetoras , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Bebidas , Aromatizantes/farmacologia , Fígado , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Ratos , Verduras
9.
Pak J Biol Sci ; 25(6): 468-475, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36098181

RESUMO

<b>Background and Objective:</b> In high plants, the 70 kDa heat stress proteins (Hsp70-s) have been regarded as one of the vital components of the cellular network of chaperones and folding catalysts that play important roles in numerous biological processes during growth and development. The Hsp70 families have been reported in many plant species, unfortunately, no information on this important protein family in papaya (<i>Carica papaya</i>). The objective of this study was to provide comprehensive information on the CpHsp70 family in papaya. <b>Materials and Methods:</b> The <i>CpHsp70</i> genes in the papaya genome were identified by a basic local alignment search tool against the papaya genome database by using well-known <i>Arabidopsis</i> Hsp70-s. Sequences were then analyzed by various bioinformatics tools to investigate the characteristics of the CpHsp70 family. <b>Results:</b> A total of 12 members of the CpHsp70 family has been identified and characterized in papaya. By using various computational tools, these results revealed that all general characteristics of the CpHsp70 family, like physic-chemical parameters, gene structure, phylogenetic tree and subcellular localization were provided. The transcriptome atlas was applied to re-analyze the expression patterns of genes encoding the CpHsp70 family in major tissues/organs during the growth and development of papaya plants. <b>Conclusion:</b> Results from this work exhibited the characteristics and expression analysis of the <i>CpHsp70</i> genes of this important tropical fruit crop. Taken together, this study could provide a solid foundation of the CpHsp70 family, which will be helpful in the construction of stress tolerance in papaya plants.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , Carica , Arabidopsis/genética , Carica/genética , Genoma de Planta , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/metabolismo , Filogenia , Verduras/genética
10.
Nutr J ; 21(1): 55, 2022 09 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36085037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent decades China has experienced rapid urbanization leading to a major nutrition transition, with increased refined carbohydrates, added sweeteners, edible oils, and animal-source foods, and reduced legumes, vegetables, and fruits. These changes have accompanied increased prevalence of cardiometabolic disease (CMD). There is no single dietary measure that summarizes the distinct food changes across regions and levels of urbanization. METHODS: Using a sample of adults (≥18 years) in the 2015 wave of the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS; n = 14,024), we selected literature-based candidate dietary variables and tested their univariate associations with overall and within-region urbanization. Using iterative exclusion of select diet-related variables, we created six potential urbanized diet indices, which we examined relative to overall urbanization to select a final urbanized diet index based on a priori considerations, strength of association with urbanization, and minimal missingness. We tested stability of the final urbanized diet index across sociodemographic factors. To examine whether our new measure reflected health risk, we used mixed effects logistic regression models to examine associations between the final urbanized diet index and CMD risk factors - hypertension (HTN), overweight, and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), adjusting for sociodemographics, overall urbanization, physical activity, and including random intercepts to account for correlation at community and household level. RESULTS: We identified a final urbanized diet index that captured dietary information unique to consumption of an urbanized diet and performed well across regions. We found a positive association (R2 = 0.17, 0.01 SE) between the final urbanized diet index and overall urbanization in the fully adjusted model. The new measure was negatively associated with HTN [OR (95% CI) = 0.93 (0.88-0.99)] and positively associated with T2D [OR = 1.13; 1.05-1.21] in minimally adjusted models, but not in the fully adjusted models. CONCLUSION: We derived an urbanized diet index that captured dietary urbanization that was distinct from overall urbanization and performed well across all regions of China. This urbanized diet index provides an alternative to measures of traditional versus urbanized diet that vary across regions due to different cultural dietary traditions. In addition, the new measure is best used in combination with diet quality measures, sociodemographic, and lifestyle measures to examine distinct pathways from urbanization to health in urbanizing countries.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Hipertensão , Animais , Dieta , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Estado Nutricional , Verduras
11.
Food Res Int ; 160: 111727, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076463

RESUMO

This meta-analysis aims to summarize the available information on the prevalence of the main human pathogenic microorganisms in vegetables, with emphasis on lettuce (Lactuca sativa). The database searches included scientific papers from 1980 to 2019, without language restrictions. Inclusion criteria were prevalence or incidence studies published in peer-reviewed journals reporting the total number of vegetable samples studied and the number of samples positive for the presence of the studied pathogens. The target pathogens were grouped into the following categories: bacteria, parasites and viruses. Results of different vegetable types, years of sampling, analyzed regions or species of microorganisms reported in the same article were considered as different studies. Therefore, each scientific article may contain several studies. Multilevel random-effect meta-analysis models were fitted to estimate the mean occurrence rate of pathogenic microorganisms and to compare them with different factors potentially associated with the outcome. Overall, the prevalence of bacterial, parasitic and viral pathogens in vegetables was relatively low. The mean prevalence of bacterial hazards was < 0.023, with the exception of S. aureus, whose prevalence was estimated at 0.096. The mean occurrence rates of parasites and viruses were 0.067 (95 % CI: 0.056-0.080) and 0.079 (95 % CI: 0.054-0.113), respectively. The prevalence of pathogenic E. coli and parasites increased as the year of publication of the scientific articles progressed, whereas the prevalence of the other bacterial pathogens and enteric viruses was steady. The types of vegetables evaluated did not affect pathogen prevalence. The prevalence of pathogenic microorganisms differed according to the continent of origin, except for E. coli O157:H7 and parasites. The prevalence of pathogens in vegetables is of public health importance, especially in vegetable types that are eaten raw, without thermal treatment to inactivate pathogens. This meta-analysis results show the need to apply proper sanitation methods to treat raw vegetables in order to avoid foodborne infections.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli O157 , Alface , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Humanos , Alface/microbiologia , Prevalência , Staphylococcus aureus , Verduras/microbiologia
12.
Nutrients ; 14(17)2022 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36079714

RESUMO

Fruits and vegetables are widely known to be rich in nutrients, antioxidants, vitamins, dietary fiber, minerals, and a bioactive molecule, making them an essential component of a balanced diet with multiple documented positive effects on human health. The probiotication of plant-based juices for the production of functional and nutraceutical food serves as a healthy alternative to dairy probiotics. They are cholesterol free, lack several dairy allergens, and also encourage ingestion for people with lactose intolerance. This review highlights valuable claims regarding the efficacy of different probiotic strains on various diseases. A comprehensive nutrition comparison and the preference of plant-based over dairy probiotic drinks is also discussed, supported with updated market trends of probiotic drinks (dairy and non-dairy based). An extensive compilation of current plant-based probiotic drinks that are available in markets around the world is listed as a reference. The fermentability of carbon sources by probiotic microorganisms is crucial in addressing the development of plant-based drinks. Therefore, the pathway involved in metabolism of sucrose, glucose, fructose, and galactose in fruit and vegetable juice was also underlined. Finally, the key factors in monitoring the quality of probiotic products such as total soluble solids, sugar consumption, titratable acidity, pH, and stability at low storage temperatures were outlined.


Assuntos
Frutas , Probióticos , Laticínios , Frutas/química , Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais , Humanos , Probióticos/análise , Verduras
13.
Nutrients ; 14(17)2022 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36079736

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current guidelines for the management of childhood wasting primarily focus on the provision of therapeutic foods and the treatment of medical complications. However, many children with wasting live in food-secure households, and multiple studies have demonstrated that the etiology of wasting is complex, including social, nutritional, and biological causes. We evaluated the contribution of household food insecurity, dietary diversity, and the consumption of specific food groups to the time to recovery from wasting after hospital discharge. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of the Childhood Acute Illness Network (CHAIN) cohort, a multicenter prospective study conducted in six low- or lower-middle-income countries. We included children aged 6-23 months with wasting (mid-upper arm circumference [MUAC] ≤ 12.5 cm) or kwashiorkor (bipedal edema) at the time of hospital discharge. The primary outcome was time to nutritional recovery, defined as a MUAC > 12.5 cm without edema. Using Cox proportional hazards models adjusted for age, sex, study site, HIV status, duration of hospitalization, enrollment MUAC, referral to a nutritional program, caregiver education, caregiver depression, the season of enrollment, residence, and household wealth status, we evaluated the role of reported food insecurity, dietary diversity, and specific food groups prior to hospitalization on time to recovery from wasting during the 6 months of posthospital discharge. FINDINGS: Of 1286 included children, most participants (806, 63%) came from food-insecure households, including 170 (13%) with severe food insecurity, and 664 (52%) participants had insufficient dietary diversity. The median time to recovery was 96 days (18/100 child-months (95% CI: 17.0, 19.0)). Moderate (aHR 1.17 [0.96, 1.43]) and severe food insecurity (aHR 1.14 [0.88, 1.48]), and insufficient dietary diversity (aHR 1.07 [0.91, 1.25]) were not significantly associated with time to recovery. Children who had consumed legumes and nuts prior to diagnosis had a quicker recovery than those who did not (adjusted hazard ratio (aHR): 1.21 [1.01,1.44]). Consumption of dairy products (aHR 1.13 [0.96, 1.34], p = 0.14) and meat (aHR 1.11 [0.93, 1.33]), p = 0.23) were not statistically significantly associated with time to recovery. Consumption of fruits and vegetables (aHR 0.78 [0.65,0.94]) and breastfeeding (aHR 0.84 [0.71, 0.99]) before diagnosis were associated with longer time to recovery. CONCLUSION: Among wasted children discharged from hospital and managed in compliance with wasting guidelines, food insecurity and dietary diversity were not major determinants of recovery.


Assuntos
Criança Hospitalizada , Abastecimento de Alimentos , África ao Sul do Saara , Ásia , Criança , Insegurança Alimentar , Humanos , Lactente , Estudos Prospectivos , Verduras
14.
Nutrients ; 14(17)2022 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36079766

RESUMO

Recent changes to the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Cash-Value Benefit (CVB), which provides participants with money to spend on fruits and vegetables, have the potential to reduce disparities in healthy food access and food insecurity that were exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. However, few studies have examined how the changes to the CVB allotment that occurred during the pandemic influenced WIC participants' perceptions of the benefit or their fruit and vegetable purchasing and consumption. To address this gap, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 51 WIC participants in Wilmington, Delaware. Survey measures included demographic questions, the Hunger Vital Sign food insecurity screener, and open-ended questions regarding perceptions of the CVB increase and its influence on participants' fruit and vegetable purchasing and consumption. Data were analyzed using a hybrid inductive and deductive coding approach. The results demonstrate that higher CVB allotments increased WIC participants' purchasing and consumption of fruits and vegetables, increased the frequency of their shopping occasions, and enhanced their dietary variety. Our findings also suggest that WIC participants highly value the increased CVB. Consequently, maintaining the increased CVB allotment could improve the nutritional outcomes of low-income mothers, infants, and children participating in WIC.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Assistência Alimentar , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Criança , Feminino , Frutas , Humanos , Lactente , Pandemias , Verduras
15.
Nutrients ; 14(17)2022 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36079788

RESUMO

Selenium is a trace element essential for the proper functioning of human body. Since it can only be obtained through our diet, knowing its concentrations in different food products is of particular importance. The measurement of selenium content in complex food matrices has traditionally been a challenge due to the very low concentrations involved. Some of the difficulties may arise from the abundance of various compounds, which are additionally present in examined material at different concentration levels. The solution to this problem is the efficient separation/preconcentration of selenium from the analyzed matrix, followed by its reliable quantification. This review offers an insight into cloud point extraction, a separation technique that is often used in conjunction with spectrometric analysis. The method allows for collecting information on selenium levels in waters of different complexity (drinking water, river and lake waters), beverages (wine, juices), and a broad range of food (cereals, legumes, fresh fruits and vegetables, tea, mushrooms, nuts, etc.).


Assuntos
Água Potável , Selênio , Oligoelementos , Bebidas/análise , Água Potável/análise , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Água Doce/análise , Humanos , Selênio/análise , Oligoelementos/análise , Verduras/química
16.
Nutrients ; 14(17)2022 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36079798

RESUMO

Geriatric depression, a chronic condition, has become a substantial burden in rural China. This study aimed to assess the association between dietary patterns and the risk of geriatric depression in rural China. Between March 2018 and June 2019, 3304 participants were recruited for this cross-sectional study in rural Tianjin, China. Principal component analysis was used to determine the major dietary patterns. The associations between dietary patterns and the risk of geriatric depression were assessed using a logistic regression model. Four dietary patterns were identified: vegetables-fruit, animal food, processed food, and milk-egg. The study found that vegetable-fruit (Q2 vs. Q1: OR = 0.62, 95% CI: 0.46-0.83; Q3 vs. Q1: OR = 0.54, 95% CI: 0.38-0.75; Q4 vs. Q1: OR = 0.39, 95% CI: 0.26-0.57) and animal food patterns (Q3 vs. Q1: OR = 0.69, 95% CI: 0.50-0.95; Q4 vs. Q1: OR = 0.58, 95% CI: 0.41-0.82) were associated with a decreased risk of depression, and inflammatory dietary pattern (Q2 vs. Q1: OR = 1.71, 95% CI: 1.23-2.38; Q3 vs. Q1: OR = 1.70, 95% CI: 1.22-2.36; Q4 vs. Q1: OR = 1.44, 95% CI: 1.03-2.03) was associated with an increased risk of depression. The present findings reinforce the importance of adopting an adequate diet consisting of vegetables, fruit and animal foods, while limiting the intake of pro-inflammatory foods, to decrease the risk of depression.


Assuntos
Depressão , Dieta , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Verduras
17.
Nutrients ; 14(17)2022 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36079856

RESUMO

Cardiovascular (CV) system dysfunction can result in the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), a key cause of death around the world. For many people, the most common treatment choices are still based on various plants used in traditional and folk medicine. Interestingly, many of these plants demonstrate various biological activities and pro-health properties; as such, there has been growing scientific interest in their use as medicines, including treatments for CVDs. Due to their varied biological properties, including anti-inflammatory and anticancer potential, the members of the Asteraceae and Cucurbitaceae have long been used in traditional medicine. These properties are believed to derive from the chemical composition of the plants, which includes various flavonoids, phenolic acids, and terpenes. Although many of their pro-health properties have been well described, their effect on the cardiovascular system and CVDs remains unclear. The present work reviews the current literature about the effects of preparations of vegetables of the Asteraceae and Cucurbitaceae families on the cardiovascular system and CVDs. Various species from the two families demonstrate antioxidant and antiplatelet activities in vitro and in vivo, which play key roles in the prophylaxis and treatment of CVDs. Additionally, some species have been evaluated for their anticoagulant activity. This review also describes the biological properties of these vegetables and discusses their anti-hyperlipidemic action, and their potential for obesity prevention and body weight control.


Assuntos
Asteraceae , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Sistema Cardiovascular , Cucurbitaceae , Asteraceae/química , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional , Verduras
18.
Salud Publica Mex ; 64(3, may-jun): 267-279, 2022 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36130389

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate energy contribution (EC) of food groups in 2016, to compare consumption against Mexican Dietary Guidelines, and to examine changes in EC from 2012 to 2016. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 24-hour dietary recalls from the 2012 and 2016 National Health and Nutrition Surveys (Ensanut). Foods and beverages were clas-sified into eight food groups: cereals, legumes, dairy, meats, fruit and vegetables, fats and oils, sugar-sweetened beverages, and high in saturated fat and added sugar (HSFAS) products. RESULTS: Cereals had the highest EC (30.1%), followed by meats (15.9%), HSFAS products (15.5%), and SSBs (10.5%). Fruits and vegetables, and legumes had the lowest contribu-tion with 6.4 and 3.8%, respectively. SSBs, meats, and HSFAS products were 250, 59 and 55% above the recommended intake, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This analysis confirms the need to generate a food environment conducive to a healthier diet.


Assuntos
Ingestão de Energia , Fabaceae , Bebidas , Dieta , Ingestão de Alimentos , Frutas , Humanos , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Óleos , Açúcares , Verduras
19.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 51(4): 579-603, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36047262

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between food intake and chronic diseases of Dulong minority residents living in Yunnan Province. METHODS: 460 Dulong minority residents 6-80-year-old among 304 families(male 191, female 269, children and adolescents aged 6-17 years old 56, aged 18-44 years old 229, aged 45-59 years old 123, aged 60-80 years old 52)in Gongshan County in Yunnan Province were selected with Stratified multistage cluster sampling method. To apply the method of food frequency questionnaire and questionnaire survey obtain the condition of dietary structure and overweight or obesity, diabetes and dyslipidemia among Dulong minority. Non-conditional Logistic regression analysis was utilized to analyze the correlation between food intake and chronic diseases. RESULTS: The prevalence of overweight or obesity, hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia were respectively 20.4%, 19.6%, 32.4% and 50.4% in 2016. Marital status and consumption of melons vegetables(OR=0.540, 95%CI 0.306-0.954), benevolence fruit kind fruit(OR=0.348, 95%CI 0.171-0.706) and low fat milk powder(OR=5.267, 95%CI 1.266-21.911) in the past 12 months were associated with hypertension among the Dulong minority population. For the Dulong minority residents, sex, eaten deep-fried dough stick(OR=0.403, 95%CI 0.182-0.894) in the past 12 months, solanaceous vegetables(OR=0.478, 95%CI 0.275-0.832) and whole milk powder(OR=2.090, 95%CI 1.372-3.184) have something to do with diabetes. Occupation, consumption of beancurd and bamboo vegetables(OR=4.753, 95%CI 1.079-20.937), solanaceous vegetables(OR=2.842, 95%CI 1.175-6.871) and edible fungi(OR=1.794, 95%CI 1.116-2.883) over the past 12 months were linked to the prevalence of overweight. Consumption of fresh legumes(OR=1.991, 95%CI 1.130-3.507), whole milk powder(OR=2.342, 95%CI 1.535-3.575), cooked poultry meat(OR=2.092, 95%CI 1.147-3.815), grass carp(OR=0.580, 95% CI 0.379-0.888)and fresh eggs(OR=0.432, 95%CI 0.196-0.950) and in the past 12 months were associated with dyslipidemia among the Dulong minority residents. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of overweight/obesity was mainly related to occupation, consumption of vegetables and products(solanaceous vegetables, edible fungi), and hypertension was mainly related to Marital status, and the intake of melons vegetables, benevolence fruit kind fruit, low fat milk powder), and diabetes was mainly related to sex, deep-fried dough stick, solanaceous vegetables and whole milk powder, and dyslipidemia was mainly related to Marital status, fresh legumes, whole milk powder, cooked poultry meat, grass carp, and fresh eggs for the Dulong nationality residents aged 6-80 years old in Gongshan County, Yunnan Province.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Dislipidemias , Hipertensão , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica , Dieta , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Feminino , Frutas , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Pós , Verduras , Adulto Jovem
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078190

RESUMO

Hexanoyl-lysine (HEL), 8-hydroxy-2'deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), and dityrosine (DT) have served as potential biomarkers for detecting oxidative modified lipids, DNA, and proteins in biological samples, respectively. Whether regular higher levels of consumption of vegetables/fruit (V/F) would decrease oxidative modification of these biomolecules in the body remain unelucidated. To examine the association of regular V/F consumption with the generation of these reactive oxygen species-induced biomarkers, this study evaluated V/F consumption in a school-based sample of teenaged girls (mean age 15.6 ± 1.7 years, n = 103), and quantified the formation of oxidative stress biomarkers in their urine. Only 19.4% and 23.3% of participants reported that they consumed the recommended daily amount of vegetables and fruits, respectively. Individuals who consumed lower levels of fruit (<100g/day) or vegetables (<250g/day) had significantly higher HEL excretion in their urine than those who consumed higher levels of fruit (≥100g/day) (p < 0.05) or vegetables (≥250g/day) (p = 0.057). The results of a multiple regression analysis showed that vegetable consumption was an important inhibiting factor of early lipid peroxidation measured as HEL in urine, independent of various confounders (ß = - 0.332, p < 0.05). The findings suggest that relatively higher consumption of vegetables would help in the prevention of early lipid peroxidation in adolescents.


Assuntos
Frutas , Verduras , Adolescente , Biomarcadores , Dieta/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Estresse Oxidativo , Projetos Piloto
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