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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(37): e22132, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Posterior circulation ischemic vertigo (PCIV) is one of the most complaint symptoms in clinical, and is associated with high risk of recurrence. Current studies show that acupuncture has therapeutic effect on releasing symptom as well as improving the blood flow of posterior circulation. In this review, we aim to assess the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for PCIV. METHODS: Literature of clinical randomized control trials regarding acupuncture for PCIV published before August of 2020 will be searched in databases, including 5 English databases and 4 Chinese databases. For the included studies, methodological quality will be assessed according to Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool, and evidence quality will be evaluated with Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation guidelines. Data analysis will be performed using Review Manager Software. RESULTS: The primary outcomes involve changes of PCIV symptoms and blood flow velocity of vertebrobasilar. The secondary outcomes include Barthel Index, National Institute of Health Stroke Scale, clinical effectiveness, and adverse reactions. CONCLUSION: Based on current clinical studies, this systematic review and meta-analysis will provide evidence-based basis for the efficacy and safety of acupuncture in treating PCIV. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The protocol for this review has been registered in the INPLASY network (Registration number: INPLASY202070116).


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Vertigem/terapia , Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Humanos , Vertigem/etiologia
2.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238436, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877426

RESUMO

Postural control is the ability to maintain equilibrium and orientation in a gravitational environment. Patients with chronic subjective dizziness have some troubles with their postural stability. The present study aimed to assess the benefit of home-based vestibular rehabilitation in patients with chronic subjective dizziness using computerized dynamic posturography. Therefore, 100 subjects, between 19 to 86 years, diagnosed with dizziness were included in the study. Computerized dynamic posturography was performed to assess postural stability. Vestibular rehabilitation programs included exercises tailored to the particular needs of each patient. After vestibular rehabilitation, patients were re-examined using the same tests. Posturographic data were analyzed and compared for before and after vestibular rehabilitation findings. The mean composite scores before the intervention (58,92 ±11,64) was significantly (p<0.01) lower than the mean composite scores after vestibular rehabilitation (73,83 ± 8,26). This result is found to be statistically significant. In conclusion it could be suggested that the effectiveness of vestibular rehabilitation could be verified by means of computerized dynamic posturography as a concrete method.


Assuntos
Tontura/terapia , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Equilíbrio Postural/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Tontura/diagnóstico , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Postura/fisiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Vertigem/diagnóstico , Vertigem/terapia , Doenças Vestibulares/patologia , Testes de Função Vestibular/métodos , Núcleos Vestibulares/metabolismo
3.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 45(8): 652-6, 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869576

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the short-term and long-term clinical effect on posterior circulation ischemic vertigo treated with "xiao xingnao kaiqiao" acupuncture (minor regaining consciousness and opening orifice) and explore its effect mechanism. METHODS: Ninety patients with posterior circulation ischemic vertigo were randomly divided into a treatment group and a control group, 45 cases in each group. The patients of the two groups were all treated on the base of neurological medicine. In the control group, Flunarizine Hydrochloride was prescribed for oral administration (5 mg, once daily, for 21 days totally). In the treatment group, acupuncture of "xiao xingnao kaiqiao" was provided at Yintang (EX-HN3), bilateral Neiguan (PC6), bilateral Sanyinjiao (SP6), Baihui (GV20), bilateral Fengchi (GB20), bilateral Wangu (GB12) and bilateral Tianzhu (BL10). The needles were retained for 30 min, once daily for 21 days totally. The changes in vertigo score of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) were observed, and the changes in the mean blood velocity (Vm) of the left vertebral artery (LVA), the right vertebral artery (RVA) and the basilar artery (BA) as well as the vascular pulsatility index (PI) were monitored and determined by transcranial Doppler (TCD). Additionally, the recurrence rate was followed up after 3 months to evaluate the long-term clinical effects. RESULTS: After treatment, the total effective rate of the treatment group was 91.11% (41/45) and 75.56% (34/45) in the control group. The total effective rate in the treatment group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). Compared with their own pre-treatment, the vertigo scores of TCM were reduced in either the treatment group or the control group after treatment (P<0.05) and the score in the treatment group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). Compared with their own pre-treatment, Vm and PI were all improved after treatment in either group (P < 0.05). After treatment, the improvements in Vm and PI of LVA、RVA and BA in the treatment group were better than those in the control group (P<0.05). In the follow-up after 3 months, the recurrence rate was 19.51% (8/41) in the treatment group and was 50.00% (17/34) in the control group. The recurrence rate in the treatment group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: "Xiao xingnao kaiqiao" acupuncture obviously relieves the clinical symptoms of posterior circulation ischemic vertigo. The mechanism of acupuncture is potentially related with its effects in improving Vm and PI of LVA,RVA and BA, as well as improving blood supply of brain tissue.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Vertigem/terapia , Artéria Basilar , Humanos , Isquemia/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento , Vertigem/etiologia
4.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(9): 105043, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32807455

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute vertigo (sense of motion) can be the sole manifestation of a posterior circulation stroke, and often gets missed in the emergency department (ED). The studies for evaluation of central vertigo have focused on physical exam findings, which require expertise and may not be suitable for rapid triage by a nurse in ED or by paramedics. METHODS: This cross sectional study included retrospective chart review of patients 18 years of age and older who presented to the Adult ED with acute dizziness or vertigo during the calendar year 2017. All the patients with a diagnosis of central or peripheral vertigo were included in the final analysis. Sensitivity, specificity, Likelihood Ratio of positive result (LR (+)) and Likelihood Ratio of negative result (LR (-)) for central and peripheral vertigo were calculated for risk factors, symptoms and physical examination features. Chi-squared test and univariate logistic regression were used to evaluate statistical correlation and to calculate the prevalence odds ratio (POR). RESULTS: Two hundred and forty nine out of 505 (49.3%) patients presenting with dizziness had vertigo. Of these, 14 had central vertigo and 163 had peripheral vertigo. Statistically significant variables were: constant symptoms of vertigo (p 0.000- POR 8.7, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.3-33.1), no change in symptoms with head movement (p 0.000- POR 10.2, 95% CI 3.0-35.4), dysmetria (p 0.000- POR 56.8, 95% CI 5.8-557.1), and unsteady gait (p 0.000- POR 13.3, 95% CI 3.3-54.3). The sensitivity and specificity to detect central vertigo were 100% and 66.4% respectively if the patient had either unsteady gait, constant symptoms, or no change in symptoms with head movement, [VAIN triad (Vertigo- Ataxia, Incessant, or Non-positional)]. CONCLUSIONS: We suggest that triage with VAIN triad can be used to design prospective studies to develop a triage algorithm for the detection of central vertigo in the ED.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Vertigem/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Estudos Transversais , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Marcha , Movimentos da Cabeça , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Equilíbrio Postural , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Triagem , Vertigem/etiologia , Vertigem/fisiopatologia , Vertigem/terapia
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(31): e21405, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756137

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This systematic review is designed to provide an assessment of the effectiveness and safety of moxibustion therapy for cervical vertigo (CV). METHODS: Relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) will be searched from the databases of PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Database, Chinese Science and Technology Periodical Database, and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database from their inception to June 2020. Two authors will independently select studies, collect data, and assess the methodology quality by the Cochrane risk of bias tool. RevMan V.5.3 software will be used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: The results of this study will provide an assessment of the current state of moxibustion for CV and aim to prove the effectiveness and safety of moxibustion therapy. CONCLUSION: This systematic review will provide a credible Evidence-based for the treatment of CV with moxibustion. STUDY REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202060004.


Assuntos
Metanálise como Assunto , Moxibustão , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Vertigem/terapia , Vértebras Cervicais , Humanos
6.
Ideggyogy Sz ; 73(7-08): 241-247, 2020 Jul 30.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32750240

RESUMO

Background - Dizziness is one of the most frequent complaints when a patient is searching for medical care and resolution. This can be a problematic presentation in the emergency department, both from a diagnostic and a management standpoint. Purpose - The aim of our study is to clarify what happens to patients after leaving the emergency department. Methods - 879 patients were examined at the Semmel-weis University Emergency Department with vertigo and dizziness. We sent a questionnaire to these patients and we had 308 completed papers back (110 male, 198 female patients, mean age 61.8 ± 12.31 SD), which we further analyzed. Results - Based on the emergency department diagnosis we had the following results: central vestibular lesion (n = 71), dizziness or giddiness (n = 64) and BPPV (n = 51) were among the most frequent diagnosis. Clarification of the final post-examination diagnosis took several days (28.8%), and weeks (24.2%). It was also noticed that 24.02% of this population never received a proper diagnosis. Among the population only 80 patients (25.8%) got proper diagnosis of their complaints, which was supported by qualitative statistical analysis (Cohen Kappa test) result (κ = 0.560). Discussion - The correlation between our emergency department diagnosis and final diagnosis given to patients is low, a phenomenon that is also observable in other countries. Therefore, patient follow-up is an important issue, including the importance of neurotology and possibly neurological examination. Conclusion - Emergency diagnosis of vertigo is a great challenge, but despite of difficulties the targeted and quick case history and exact examination can evaluate the central or peripheral cause of the balance disorder. Therefore, to prevent declination of the quality of life the importance of further investigation is high.


Assuntos
Tontura/diagnóstico , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida , Vertigem/diagnóstico , Idoso , Tontura/etiologia , Tontura/terapia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuro-Otologia , Vertigem/etiologia , Vertigem/terapia
7.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(32): 2503-2506, 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32829596

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the effects of vestibular rehabilitation training and drug therapy on the symptoms of vertigo and disability in patients with vestibular peripheral vertigo. Methods: This prospective study was enrolled 43 patients with vestibular peripheral vertigo who admitted to the outpatient department of Eye & ENT Hospital of Fudan University from January 2018 to December 2018. They were randomly divided into two groups: control group (drug treatment group) and experimental group (drug treatment combined rehabilitation training group). All patients filled in the first vertigo disability rating scale (DHI), specific activity balance confidence scale (ABC) and anxiety self-rating scale (SAS) on the day of treatment and at two, four and eight weeks after treatment intervention, and the data were statistically analyzed. Results: There was no significant difference in gender, age and body weight between the two groups (P>0.05). After treatment (Control group (4w) : DHI (45.5±30.6) , ABC (86.9±12.4) , SAS (37.9±8.2) Experimental group (8w) : DHI (34.8±28.5) , SAS (35.7±7.9) ) , the three scales of the two groups were better than before treatment (Control group: DHI (59.2±25.9) , ABC (79.7±16.7) ,SAS (41.1±6.8) ; Experimental group: DHI (55.2±20.5) , ABC (80.3±18.3) , SAS (41.9±9.1) ) . The comparison of data before and after treatment in each group according to treatment time indicated that DHI and ABC scores in the experimental group showed that the DHI and ABC scores of the experimental group changed significantly at 2 weeks after treatment, and the SAS scores changed at 4 weeks after treatment. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). However, there was a statistically significant difference between the control group DHI score 4 weeks after treatment and SAS score 8 weeks after treatment (P<0.05). ABC score did not show statistical difference (P>0.05). Conclusion: The subjective symptoms and anxiety of vertigo and disability in the two groups improved obviously after treatment. Compared with drug therapy alone, drug therapy combined with vestibular rehabilitation training can significantly improve patients' subjective symptoms of vertigo and disability, as well as their anxiety and depression, so as to improve their overall quality of life.


Assuntos
Tontura , Qualidade de Vida , Vertigem , Ansiedade , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Vertigem/terapia
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(29): e20662, 2020 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32702815

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acupotomy has been widely used to relieve cervical vertigo (CV). However, the efficacy of acupotomy for CV is uncertain. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the acupotomy for CV. METHODS: The following electronic databases will be searched to identify relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for inclusion in the review from inception to April 2020: PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Database, Chinese Science and Technology Periodical Database, and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database. Two researchers will independently select studies, collect data, and assess the methodology quality by the Cochrane risk of bias tool. Meta-analysis will be completed by RevMan V.5.3 software. RESULTS: This systematic review will provide an assessment of the current state of acupotomy for CV, aiming to assess the efficacy and safety of acupotomy for Patients with CV. CONCLUSION: This systematic review will provide a credible Evidence-based for the clinical treatment of CV with acupotomy.PROSPERO registration number: CRD42019134712.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Pescoço/fisiopatologia , Vertigem/terapia , China/epidemiologia , Protocolos Clínicos/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Segurança , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Orv Hetil ; 161(25): 1050-1058, 2020 06.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32516123

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: About 25-30% of patients present themselves in general practice and specialized healthcare with medically unexplained somatic symptoms. The prevalence of these symptoms is the highest among the elderly, children and adolescents. Approximately 20% of patients in primary care and 47% of them in specialized clinics are children between the age of 7-12 who seem to have somatic symptom disorder (SSD). Somatization disorder most frequently occur with symptoms of headache, stomach ache or various kinds of pain in the limbs that show high comorbidity with other mental disorders, predominantly with anxiety. SSDs are always multicausal issues where biological, social-environmental and psychological factors are interconnected in a complex manner. According to our experience, somaziting patients are often drifting in the healthcare system for years, and instead of getting adequate treatment, they only receive medication, thus their symptoms may easily become chronic. Aim, method: Our aim was to review the current literature and guidelines concerning evidence-based treatments for SSD in childhood. Furthermore, to underline the importance of psychotherapy in SSD, we present the cognitive behavior therapy of a 16-year-old adolescent with vertigo, gastrointestinal symptoms and insomnia over a 8-month period. DISCUSSION: The results of effectiveness studies unequivocally recommend cognitive behavioral therapy in the treatment of SSD patients, accompained by family therapy or family consultation. The therapy should focus on reducing psychosocial stressors, health anxiety and catastrophizing thinking style in the family, while developing adequate coping and communication skills as well as maintaining the patient's age-appropriate activity level. CONCLUSION: Cognitive behavior therapy is the treatment of choice in SSD for children and young people. Applying the biopsychosocial approach is a key issue in the assessment of predisposing and maintaining factors, ensuring that only methods based on scientific evidence will be applied to help these children. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(25): 1050-1058.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Sintomas Inexplicáveis , Transtornos Somatoformes/psicologia , Transtornos Somatoformes/terapia , Adolescente , Idoso , Transtornos de Ansiedade/terapia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Humanos , Psicoterapia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/diagnóstico , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/terapia , Transtornos Somatoformes/diagnóstico , Resultado do Tratamento , Vertigem/diagnóstico , Vertigem/terapia
10.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 39: 101115, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32379654

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cervical vertigo (CV), one of the most common causes of vertigo, makes patients feel dizzy, which seriously affects patients' lives. As a traditional Chinese bone-setting manipulation, Tuina is widely used to treat CV. This article aims to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Tuina for CV. METHODS: Nine databases were searched. Methodological quality was evaluated with the Cochrane Collaboration's tool. Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) was applied to determine confidence in the effect estimates. Stata 12.0 software was used to carry out the meta-analysis, and a trial sequential analysis (TSA) was performed with TSA 0.9. RESULTS: Nine randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included. Low-quality evidence suggested that Tuina showed a significantly higher effectiveness rate compared to massage therapy (risk ratio (RR) = 1.11, 95% confidence intervals (CI): 1.05 to 1.17, p < 0.0001) and cervical traction (RR = 1.37, 95% CI: 1.09 to 1.72, p = 0.007; I2 = 0%, p = 0.826). Two trials reported that Tuina was better than acupuncture (RR = 1.40, 95% CI: 1.07 to 1.83) or betahistine mesilate (RR = 1.17, 95% CI: 0.99 to 1.37) based on an improved effectiveness rate. Low-quality evidence showed that Tuina was superior to massage therapy in improving scores on the evaluation scale for cervical vertigo (ESCV) (weighted mean differences (WMD) = 2.52, 95% CI: 1.11 to 3.94, p < 0.0001). Adverse events were tolerable. TSA revealed that an improved effectiveness rate was indicated. CONCLUSION: Tuina might improve the effectiveness rate and ESCV scores in patients with CV. However, the level of all the available evidence was low, and larger-scale and well-designed RCTs should be encouraged.


Assuntos
Massagem , Pescoço/fisiopatologia , Vertigem , Terapia por Acupuntura , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Vertigem/fisiopatologia , Vertigem/terapia
11.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(2): 179-84, 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32100505

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of fast-twisting long-retaining (FTLR) acupuncture therapy on apoptosis of vestibular nucleus and expression of Caspase-3, Bcl-2 and Bax in rats with vertigo induced by posterior circulation ischemia. METHODS: A total of 70 healthy SD rats were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a model group, a medication group, a regular acupuncture group and a FTLR acupuncture group, 14 rats in each group. The rats in the model group, medication group, regular acupuncture group and FTLR acupuncture group were intervented with surgical ligation of the right common carotid artery (CCA) and the right subclavian artery (SCA) to establish the model of vertigo induced by posterior circulation ischemia; in the sham operation group, the right CCA and the right SCA were separated without ligation. The rats in the medication group were treated with gavage of flunarizine hydrochloride suspension (10 mL/kg). "Baihui" (GV 20), "Shuaigu" (GB 8) and "Fengchi" (GB 20) were selected in the two acupuncture groups. The rats in the regular acupuncture group were treated with routine acupuncture and the needles were retained for 30 min, while the rats in the FTLR acupuncture group were treated with quick twist (200-300 times/min) for 1 min and the needles were retained for 60 min. The rats in the sham operation group and the model group received no intervention. All the intervention was provided once a day for 10 days. The decline rate of local blood flow in vestibular nucleus was observed; the apoptosis of vestibular nucleus was observed by TUNEL method; the expression of Caspase-3, Bcl-2 and Bax proteins were detected by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Compared with the sham operation group, the decline rate of local blood flow in the right vestibular nucleus was significantly increased in the model group (P<0.01), and the apoptosis index (AI) of vestibular nucleus was significantly increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the decline rates of local blood flow in the right vestibular nucleus in the two acupuncture groups and medication group were significantly reduced (P<0.01), and the AIs of vestibular nucleus cells were significantly reduced (P<0.01). The decline rate of local blood flow in the right vestibular nucleus in the FTLR acupuncture group was lower than those in the medication group and the regular acupuncture group (P<0.01, P<0.05), and the AI of vestibular nucleus was lower than those in the regular acupuncture group and the medication group (P<0.05). Compared with the sham operation group, the expression of Bcl-2 in the vestibular nucleus was significantly decreased in the model group (P<0.01), and the expressions of Bax and Caspase-3 were significantly increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the expressions of Bcl-2 in the vestibular nucleus were significantly increased in the two acupuncture groups and medication group (P<0.01), and the expressions of Bax and Caspase-3 were significantly reduced (P<0.01). The expression of Bcl-2 in the vestibular nucleus in the FTLR acupuncture group was higher than those in the regular acupuncture group and the medication group (P<0.05), and the expressions of Bax and Caspase-3 were lower than those in the regular acupuncture group and the medication group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The FTLR acupuncture therapy could effectively inhibit the apoptosis of vestibular nucleus in rats with vertigo induced by posterior circulation ischemia, and its mechanism may be related to improving the blood supply of vestibular nucleus and regulating the expressions of Caspase-3, Bcl-2 and Bax proteins.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Apoptose , Isquemia/complicações , Vertigem/terapia , Núcleo Vestibular Lateral/metabolismo , Animais , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Vertigem/etiologia , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo
12.
Acta Neurol Scand ; 141(5): 374-379, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31883379

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the demographics, vertigo profiles, and outcomes of adult patients with benign recurrent vertigo (BRV). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study included patients with BRV who were admitted to a tertiary neurology clinic between June 2013 and June 2017. All patients underwent detailed clinical interviews and related examinations. A follow-up was then conducted through an outpatient or telephone interview. RESULTS: A total of 66 patients (48 females) were enrolled, and the mean age at the onset of vertigo was 35.2 years. Spontaneous vertigo was the most common type (77.8%), followed by positional vertigo (16.7%). The duration of vertigo attacks varied from minutes to 72 hours. A family history of migraine and/or recurrent vertigo was reported in 51.5% of patients. The overall response rate was 80.3%(53/66)after a median follow-up time of 32.5 months (range: 18-60 months). Forty (75.5%, of 53) patients still reported having vertigo attacks at the follow-up. The frequency of vertigo attacks was reduced in 32 (60.4%) patients and was unchanged in 8 (15.1%). Four (7.5%) cases developed into vestibular migraine, but none developed into Meniere's disease. CONCLUSION: The outcomes of patients with BRV were benign, and the frequency of vertigo is significantly reduced. Few cases developed into vestibular migraine.


Assuntos
Vertigem , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento , Vertigem/fisiopatologia , Vertigem/terapia , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Altern Complement Med ; 26(1): 58-66, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580705

RESUMO

Objectives: Large sample and high-quality evidence to evaluate the preliminary safety of the mobilizations and massage for cervical vertigo are not yet available. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the comparative effectiveness and preliminary safety of Shi-style cervical mobilizations (SCM) compared with traditional massage (TM) in cervical vertigo patients. Design: A prospective, multicenter, open-label, randomized, controlled clinical trial with a 1:1 allocation ratio. Settings: Five academic medical centers. Subjects: A total of 360 adult patients with a diagnosis of cervical vertigo. Interventions: The patients were randomly allocated to either an SCM (n = 180) or TM (n = 180) group. The patients were treated during six sessions over 2 weeks. The primary outcome was the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) total scale score, and secondary outcomes included the DHI subscales, Chinese version of the Short-Form 36 Health Survey (CSF-36), and adverse events (AEs). Outcomes were assessed in the short term at 2 weeks, 1 month, and 3 months, and in the intermediate term at 6 months after randomization. Results: Significant changes were observed from the baseline in the DHI total scale and subscales at 2 weeks and 1, 3, and 6 months in both groups (all p < 0.05). However, the differences between the two groups were not significant (all p > 0.05). Furthermore, we noted significant changes from the baseline in SF-36 scores at 2 weeks in both groups (all p < 0.05), whereas CSF-36 scores were not significantly higher in the SCM group (all p > 0.05) compared with the TM group. No serious AEs were reported in either of the two groups. Conclusions: No differences in outcomes were detected between the SCM and TM groups in terms of treatment of cervicogenic dizziness. Efficacy trials are required to determine whether the improvement observed for each treatment was causally related to the interventions.


Assuntos
Massagem , Manipulações Musculoesqueléticas , Vertigem/terapia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pescoço/fisiopatologia , Vertigem/fisiopatologia
14.
Rev. ORL (Salamanca) ; 11(1): 79-88, 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193123

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: En la disfunción vestibular crónica es frecuente que se incremente el mareo o el desequilibrio con el propio movimiento o con el de un ambiente visual sobrecargado, lo que se denomina dependencia visual, que forma parte del síndrome de vértigo/mareo inducido visualmente. En otras ocasiones, la dependencia es somatosensorial y el paciente pierde con facilidad el equilibrio al alterarse la superficie de soporte. El objetivo de esta revisión es describir las características de la dependencia visual y somatosensorial y el modo de tratarlas. MÉTODO: Revisión narrativa. RESULTADOS: El vértigo visual se diagnostica clínicamente a través de los síntomas referidos por el paciente. Mediante la exposición a estímulos desencadenantes, el sistema nervioso central se habitúa, incrementando la tolerancia. El tratamiento utilizado se basa en la terapia física, la realidad virtual y la estimulación optocinética progresiva. CONCLUSIÓN/DISCUSIÓN: Aunque sigue siendo tema de discusión la naturaleza de las entradas visuales que determinan la estabilidad postural, el objetivo terapéutico consiste en desensibilizar al individuo del estímulo visual para mejorar su sintomatología


INTRODUCTION: In the patient with chronic vestibular dysfunction, it is very frequent to note more imbalance or dizziness produced by its own movement or the overloaded visual environment; this is called also visual dependence that is part of the visual vertigo syndrome. In other cases, like somatosensory dependence, the patient will lose balance easily when the support surface changes. The objective of this review was to describe the visual and somatosensory dependence patterns as well as how to treat them. METHOD: Narrative review. RESULTS: Visual vertigo is currently a clinical diagnosis based on the patient's history of disease presentation. Through repeated exposure to trigger stimuli, the central nervous system is able to increase tolerance and improve functional results. Traditional treatments for this disorder involve vestibular rehabilitation therapy, virtual reality simulators of moving objects, as well as graded exposure to optokinetic stimulation. DISCUSSION/CONCLUSION: Although the real nature of the visual cues for posture stabilization remains an open debate, the goal of therapy is to promote desensitization to visual stimuli and increase tolerance


Assuntos
Humanos , Doenças Vestibulares/reabilitação , Vertigem/reabilitação , Visão Ocular , Movimentos Oculares , Transtornos da Percepção/fisiopatologia , Vertigem/terapia , Diagnóstico Diferencial
15.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793549

RESUMO

The review of domestic and foreign literature was conducted to identify the current terminology, diagnostic criteria, mechanisms of ethiopathogenesis, and the methods of treatment of psychogenic vertigo. The article covers the questions of combined approach to treatment, including vestibular rehabilitation combined with cognitive behavioral therapy.


Assuntos
Tontura , Transtornos Psicofisiológicos , Vertigem , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Tontura/psicologia , Tontura/terapia , Humanos , Transtornos Psicofisiológicos/terapia , Vertigem/psicologia , Vertigem/terapia
16.
Neurol Clin ; 37(4): 695-706, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31563227

RESUMO

The term vestibular migraine designates recurrent vertigo that is caused by migraine. Vestibular migraine presents with episodes of spontaneous or positional vertigo lasting seconds to days that are accompanied by migraine symptoms. Because headache is often absent during acute attacks, other migraine features have to be identified by thorough history taking. In contrast, vestibular testing serves mainly for the exclusion of other diagnoses. Treatment still lacks solid evidence. It is targeted at the underlying migraine and comprises explanation and reassurance, lifestyle modifications, and drugs.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Enxaqueca/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/terapia , Doenças Vestibulares/diagnóstico , Doenças Vestibulares/terapia , Tontura/diagnóstico , Tontura/terapia , Humanos , Vertigem/diagnóstico , Vertigem/terapia
18.
Neurology ; 93(18): e1715-e1719, 2019 10 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31554650

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report on the benefits of noninvasive vagus nerve stimulation (nVNS) on acute vestibular migraine (VM) treatment. METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of patients with VM treated with nVNS in a single tertiary referral center between November 2017 and January 2019. Eighteen patients (16 women) were identified (mean age 45.7 [±14.8] years); 14 were treated for a VM attack and 4 for bothersome interictal dizziness consistent with persistent perceptual postural dizziness (PPPD). Patients graded the severity of vestibular symptoms and headache using an 11-point visual analog scale (VAS; 0 = no symptoms, 10 = worst ever symptoms) before and 15 minutes after nVNS. RESULTS: In those with acute VM, vertigo improved in 13/14 (complete resolution in 2, at least 50% improvement in 5). The mean vertigo intensity before nVNS was 5.2 (±1.6; median 6), and 3.1 (±2.2; median 3) following stimulation; mean reduction in vertigo intensity was 46.9% (±31.5; median 45%). Five experienced headache with the VM attack; all reported improvement following nVNS. Mean headache severity was 6 (±1.4; median 6) prior to treatment and 2.4 (±1.5; median 3) following nVNS; mean reduction in headache intensity was 63.3% (±21.7; median 50). All 4 treated with nVNS for interictal PPPD reported no benefit. CONCLUSION: Our study provides preliminary evidence that nVNS may provide rapid relief of vertigo and headache in acute VM, and supports further randomized, sham-controlled studies into nVNS in VM. CLASSIFICATION OF EVIDENCE: This study provides Class IV evidence that for patients with acute VM, nVNS rapidly relieves vertigo and headache.


Assuntos
Cefaleia/terapia , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/terapia , Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea/métodos , Estimulação do Nervo Vago/métodos , Vertigem/terapia , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Cefaleia/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Vertigem/fisiopatologia , Doenças Vestibulares/fisiopatologia , Doenças Vestibulares/terapia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446715

RESUMO

Summary Vestibular disorders are a group of disorders that may result from damage to peripheral or central vestibular system, which seriously affect the patients' lives and work and even life-threatened. The causes of most vestibular disorders are still unclear, the auxiliary examination is not effective enough and the treatment is not individualized. It needs to improve the diagnosis and treatment efficiency of patients with vestibular disorders. Recent advance in artificial intelligence technology could provide novel promising strategies for the diagnosis and treatment of patients and assist clinical trials. Here we summarized the application of artificial intelligence technique in the field of vertigo, and look to the possible application in the future.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Doenças Vestibulares/diagnóstico , Doenças Vestibulares/terapia , Diagnóstico por Computador , Humanos , Vertigem/diagnóstico , Vertigem/terapia
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(34): e16906, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441871

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Brain abnormalities have frequently been reported in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders patients, but vertigo as an initial manifestation has rarely been described. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 64-year-old woman who initially presented with vertigo, then accompanied with other brainstem manifestations and spinal cord involvement. DIAGNOSES: MRI revealed medulla oblongata, cervical and thoracic spinal cord lesions. NMO-IgG antibody was seropositive. Taken her previous medical history and clinical manifestations into consideration, the patient was eventually diagnosed as neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders. INTERVENTIONS: Before diagnosis, symptomatic treatment and acupuncture were adopted, whereas after diagnosis, steroid, intravenous immunoglobulin, and immunosuppressant were supplemented. OUTCOMES: Her dizziness, nausea and vomiting were gradually relieved by symptomatic treatment and acupuncture before the confirmed diagnosis and immunotherapy. After added treatment with steroid, immunosuppressant, especially intravenous immunoglobulin, diplopia and nystagmus disappeared, and superficial sensation was improving. She was fully recovered six months after admission. LESSONS: Vertigo as a rare prodrome of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders deserves attention. The symptoms and signs were improved by a combined treatment of steroid, immunosuppressant, acupuncture, and particularly intravenous immunoglobulin.


Assuntos
Neuromielite Óptica/diagnóstico , Vertigem/etiologia , Terapia por Acupuntura , Diplopia/etiologia , Diplopia/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/administração & dosagem , Fatores Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Náusea/etiologia , Náusea/terapia , Neuromielite Óptica/tratamento farmacológico , Vértebras Torácicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Vertigem/terapia , Vômito/etiologia , Vômito/terapia
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