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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e249008, 2024. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355893

RESUMO

Abstract Horismenus camobiensis sp. nov. (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), is described based on morphological, molecular and ecological data; this new species of chalcid wasp acts as hyperparasitoid of Opsiphanis invirae (Hübner, 1818) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in its parasitoid Cotesia invirae Salgado-Neto and Whitfield, 2019 (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Diagnoses with morphological and molecular characters and illustrations are provided.


Resumo Horismenus camobiensis sp. nov. (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) é descrita com base em dados morfológicos, moleculares e ecológicos; esta nova espécie Chalcididae atua como hiperparasitoide de Opsiphanis invirae (Hübner, 1818) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) em pupas de seu parasitoide Cotesia invirae Salgado-Neto and Whitfield, 2019 (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Caracteres diagnósticos morfológicos e moleculares e ilustrações de H. camobiensis são fornecidos.


Assuntos
Animais , Vespas , Borboletas , Himenópteros , Pupa
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e245273, 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339412

RESUMO

Abstract The possible interference of resistant pest's populations to insecticides in natural enemies in the action thas not been clarified yet. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate Trichogramma pretiosum Riley (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) performance on Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) eggs with resistance frequency to the Metaflumizone over six generations of product exposure. Egg cards (2.0 x 7.0 cm) containing eggs from two populations of S. frugiperda, (resistant to Metaflumizone and the other susceptible), were exposed to T. pretiosum females for 24 hours in free-choice and no-choice testing in three generations (G1, G4, and G6). A completely randomized experimental design was used with 25 replications, each consisting of an egg card (experimental unit) containing 20 eggs. The parameters evaluated were: parasitism (%), emergence (%), sex ratio, number of emerged parasitoids per egg and males/females longevity. ANOVA and Tukey test (P≤ 0.05) were applied on the results. Results showed a reduction in parasitism [41.0% (G1) and 28.4% (G4)], egg emergence (17.5%) and parasitoids/egg [16.2 (G4) and 17.2 (G6)] in eggs originating from the population with resistance frequency. Females emerging from G6 populations eggs without exposure to Metaflumizone had greater longevity (3.5 days more) than the resistant population. The sex ratio and male longevity were not affected. The results indicate a reduction in T. pretiosum activity if S. frugiperda populations have some frequency of resistance to Metaflumizone.


Resumo A possível interferência de populações de pragas resistentes na ação de inimigos naturais ainda não foi esclarecida. Assim, este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o desempenho de Trichogramma pretiosum Riley (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) em ovos de Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) com frequência de resistência à Metaflumizona ao longo de seis gerações de exposição ao produto. Cartelas (2,0 x 7,0 cm) com ovos de duas populações de S. frugiperda, (resistente à Metaflumizona e outra suscetível), foram expostas às fêmeas de T. pretiosum por 24 horas em condições de livre escolha e sem chance de escolha por três gerações (G1, G4 e G6). O delineamento experimental foi inteiramente casualizado com 25 repetições, sendo cada repetição composta por uma cartela (unidade experimental) contendo 20 ovos. Os parâmetros avaliados foram: parasitismo (%), emergência (%), razão sexual, número de parasitoides emergidos por ovo e longevidade de machos e fêmeas. ANOVA e teste de Tukey (P≤ 0,05) foram aplicados aos dados coletados. Os resultados mostraram redução do parasitismo [41,0% (G1) e 28,4% (G4)], emergência de ovos (17,5%) e parasitoides/ovo [16,2 (G4) e 17,2 (G6)] em ovos oriundos da população com frequência de resistência. As fêmeas emergidas de ovos da população G6 sem exposição à Metaflumizona, tiveram maior longevidade (3,5 dias a mais) do que a população exposta ao inseticida. A razão sexual e a longevidade de machos não foram afetadas. Os resultados indicam uma redução na atividade de T. pretiosum se as populações de S. frugiperda apresentarem alguma frequência de resistência à Metaflumizona.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Feminino , Vespas , Himenópteros , Mariposas , Semicarbazonas , Razão de Masculinidade , Spodoptera
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e247433, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339336

RESUMO

Abstract The life cycle of stink bug, Glyphepomis dubia and the development of two egg parasitoids (Telenomus podisi and Trissolcus basalis) were studied at the Federal University of Maranhão, at 26 ± 2oC, relative humidity (RH) of 60 ± 10% and 12h photophase. Individuals used in the study were collected from seven rice fields located around the municipality of Arari, Maranhão, Brazil, and maintained in greenhouse and laboratory for the life cycle studies. From egg to adult, G. dubia took 35.2 days to complete the life cycle. The oviposition period was 37 days, with egg masses of about 12 eggs each and viability of 93.1%. Longevity was 53 and 65 days for females and males, respectively. The egg parasitoids Te. podisi and Tr. basalis parasitized and developed in G. dubia eggs; however, the biological characteristics of Tr. basalis were affected. Emergence of the parasitoids was higher for Te. podisi (83.5%) compared to the records for Tr. basalis (50.4%). Therefore, G. dubia may potentially achieve a pest status and Te. podisi is a promising biological control agent for G. dubia management in Brazil due to its higher longevity and better reproductive parameters.


Resumo O ciclo de vida do percevejo, Glyphepomis dubia e a biologia de dois parasitoides de ovos (Telenomus podisi e Trissolcus basalis) foram estudados na Universidade Federal do Maranhão, a 26 ± 2oC, umidade relativa (UR) de 60 ± 10% e fotofase de 12h. Sete indivíduos de G. dubia foram coletados em lavoura de arroz localizada no município de Arari, Maranhão, Brasil e mantidos em casa de vegetação e laboratório para estudos de ciclo de vida. Do ovo ao adulto, G. dubia levou 35.2 dias para completar o ciclo de vida. O período de oviposição foi de 37 dias com massas de ovos com cerca de 12 ovos/massa e viabilidade de 93.1%. A longevidade foi de 53 e 65 dias, respectivamente, para fêmeas e machos. Os parasitoides de ovos, Te. podisi e Tr. basalis parasitaram e se desenvolveram em ovos de G. dubia, no entanto as características biológicas de Tr. basalis foi afetada. A emergência dos parasitoides foi maior para Te. podisi (83.5%) em comparação com o registrado para Tr. basalis (50.4%). Portanto, G. dubia poderá apresentar potencial para atingir o status de praga e Te. podisi é um promissor agente de controle biológico para ser utilizado no manejo de G. dubia no Brasil, pois apresentou maior longevidade e os melhores parâmetros reprodutivos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Animais , Oryza , Vespas , Heterópteros , Hemípteros , Himenópteros , Oviposição , Óvulo , Biologia
4.
Zootaxa ; 5175(5): 593-599, 2022 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095339

RESUMO

Two new species of parasitoid wasps, Leiophron indefinita Gupta van Achterberg sp. nov. (Braconidae, Euphorinae) and Paroligoneurus indicus Gupta van Achterberg sp. nov. (Braconidae, Ichneutinae) are described and illustrated from northern India.


Assuntos
Vespas , Animais , Índia
6.
Zootaxa ; 5174(4): 301-330, 2022 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095394

RESUMO

Based on a large amount of material from Japan, two species, Allophroides watanabei sp. nov. and Tersilochus (Tersilochus) serratoides sp. nov., are described as new to science, one new combination, Probles (Euporizon) ecarinata (Khalaim, 2005), comb. nov., is proposed, and following new country records are provided: genus Allophroides Horstmann, Diaparsis (Diaparsis) egregia Khalaim, D. (Nanodiaparsis) ussuriensis Khalaim, Gelanes dentator Khalaim Lee, G. provectus Balueva Lee, G. simillimus Horstmann, Phradis gibbus (Holmgren), Ph. vespertinus Khalaim, Probles (Euporizon) carinator Khalaim, Pr. (E.) ecarinata (Khalaim), Pr. (E.) fulgida Khalaim Balueva, Pr. (E.) hankaensis Khalaim, Pr. (E.) korusa Khalaim Kim, Pr. (Microdiaparsis) caudiculata Khalaim, Pr. (M.) neoversuta (Horstmann), Pr. (Rugodiaparsis) ruficornis (Szpligeti), Tersilochus (Tersilochus) curvator Horstmann, T. (T.) gangwonus Khalaim Lee, T. (T.) grandiculus Khalaim, T. (T.) impunctator Khalaim, T. (T.) juxtus Khalaim and T. (T.) liopleuris (Thomson). The number of known Japanese species of Tersilochinae is raised from 25 to 48, or almost double. Also, Probles (Euporizon) interruptor Khalaim Lee, Tersilochus (Tersilochus) fidicinus Khalaim Lee, and T. (T.) gangwonus Khalaim Lee, are recorded for the first time from Russia. Males of Phradis hikosanus Khalaim and T. (T.) fidicinus Khalaim Lee are described for the first time. Brief annotations to all occurring in Japan genera, and diagnoses, remarks on taxonomy and colour illustrations to Japanese species, are given.


Assuntos
Vespas , Animais , Japão , Masculino
7.
Zootaxa ; 5162(5): 576-582, 2022 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095488

RESUMO

The genus Eurymeros Bhat (Braconidae, Alysiinae) is reviewed from India and three species E. gibbosa Sharma 1983, E. mangifera Sharma 1983, and E. namkumensis Sharma Naqvi 1993, are transferred to the genus Euscelinus Westwood 1882 (comb. nov.; Braconidae, Doryctinae) and synonymized with the type species (Euscelinus sarawacus Westwood 1882; syn. nov.). The type species and only known species E. tumespiraculum Bhat is redescribed.


Assuntos
Vespas , Animais
8.
Zootaxa ; 5162(4): 439-445, 2022 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095496

RESUMO

A new species of the doryctine genus Spathiomorpha Tobias, 1976, S. mexicana sp. nov., is described and illustrated from montane region in the state of Chiapas, southeast Mexico. This represents the first record of this genus in the New World. A key to the currently described species of Spathiomorpha genus is provided.


Assuntos
Vespas , Animais
9.
Zootaxa ; 5162(1): 67-77, 2022 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095523

RESUMO

Two new species belonging to the braconid genus Bracon (Braconinae) are described from the tropical rainforest of Los Tuxtlas in the state of Veracruz, Mexico, B. laurae sp. nov. and B. rosamondae sp. nov. These species are morphologically similar and were reared from fruits of three Lauraceae species, Damburneya ambigens, D. salicifolia and Nectandra turbacensis. However, comparison of their DNA barcoding locus and a fragment of the nuclear ribosomal 28S gene confirmed their allospecificity. These two species share a number of morphological features with the two described Neotropical Bracon species that are known to be phytophagous (seed predators), B. phytophagus Quicke and B. zuleideae Perioto Lara. We therefore propose a new species-group for the above four species, the B. phytophagus Quicke species-group, and suggest that the two newly described species also have a phytophagous feeding strategy.


Assuntos
Besouros , Lauraceae , Vespas , Animais , Frutas , México
10.
Zootaxa ; 5162(1): 54-66, 2022 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095524

RESUMO

Rovnodryinus khomychi new genus and new species is described from Upper Eocene Rovno amber (Ukraine). It is the first apterous pincer wasp found in amber. This new taxon is attributed to the subfamily Apodryininae and the new tribe Rovnodryinini. The key to the subfamilies and tribes of Dryinidae is modified to include the new tribe. The new genus, known by a female, is characterized by the mesosoma almost completely composed of fused sclerites, the absence of wings and the presence of ocelli in the anterior half of the face. A close relationship of the new genus with the extant Apodryininae is underlined. R. khomychi is the first apodryinine found in the Northern Hemisphere. The tribe Rovnodryinini is the first higher taxon known only from Rovno amber. Tritophania patruelis Jacobi and the tribe Elicini (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha, Tropiduchidae) are reported from Rovno amber for the first time.


Assuntos
Hemípteros , Vespas , Animais , Feminino , Fósseis
11.
Zootaxa ; 5161(1): 1-71, 2022 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095527

RESUMO

Recent years have seen rapid advances in the study of Fagaceae-associated gall wasps (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) of the Eastern Palaearctic and the Oriental (EPO) regions, for both the gall inducing Cynipini (commonly termed oak gall wasps though many species gall non-oak Fagaceae) and the predominantly inquiline tribes Synergini and Ceroptresini. This process has propagated some taxonomic errors and involves many taxa whose taxonomic status is uncertain. To provide a stable foundation for further advance, here we review the taxonomic status of the 212 species (133 oak gall wasps and 79 oak cynipid inquilines) that have been described or recorded in these regions. Of this total, we treat 171 as valid species names (103 oak gall wasps and 68 oak cynipid inquilines) in 20 genera; 22 as synonym names, 13 as incertae sedis, three as nomen dubium, and three as species inquirenda. Callirhytis kunugicola Shinji, 1944 is proposed as syn. nov. of C. kunugicola Shinji, 1943, as Shinji described the same species twice. For all valid species names, we provide taxonomic references, synonyms, and geographical distributions. We summarize what is known of host plant associations and gall locations for gall inducers, and host associations for inquilines. We discuss geographic patterns in the known richness of currently valid species for both groups of organisms, and place this in the context of the biogeography of available Fagaceae host plants. We provide a brief historical review of the study of oak gall wasps and their inquilines in the EPO regions.


Assuntos
Fagaceae , Vespas , Animais , Plantas
12.
Zootaxa ; 5159(4): 487-512, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095535

RESUMO

A cladistic analysis of the genus Synagris is performed to assess the taxonomic status and limits of its subgenera, examining external morphology and male genitalia. The subgenera S. (Rhynchagris) and S. (Pseudagris) are raised to generic rank (Rhynchagris stat. nov. and Pseudagris stat. nov.), with the former as senior synonym of Pteromenes Giordani Soika syn. nov.; the subgenus S. (Hypagris) stat. res. is no longer a synonym of S. (Paragris); while S. (Synagris) is monophyletic and retains its status as subgenus. Replacement name due to homonymy is proposed for Synagris cornuta maculata Bequaert, 1918 (Synagris cornuta maculatoides nom. nov.).


Assuntos
Vespas , Animais , Masculino
13.
Zootaxa ; 5159(1): 103-116, 2022 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095557

RESUMO

A new pompilid wasp, Ceropales pallida sp. nov., is described, illustrated and distinguished from its close relative Ceropales maculata. The new species is supported by evidence from morphological characters as well as DNA barcoding. The type specimens were collected at several localities in southern Norway, Sweden and Finland.


Assuntos
Vespas , Animais , Europa (Continente) , Vespas/genética
14.
Zootaxa ; 5155(4): 549-563, 2022 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095568

RESUMO

As a result of our survey of parasitoid wasps, the number of encyrtid species known from the Netherlands increased from 106 to 123. Microterys nederlandicus Japoshvili sp. n. is described as new for science. Figures for all species identified during our survey are provided.


Assuntos
Vespas , Animais , Países Baixos
15.
Zootaxa ; 5155(3): 414-422, 2022 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095576

RESUMO

The orthocentrine ichneumonid genera Gnathochorisis and Symplecis are reported for the first time from India with the description of two new species. Taxonomic keys for the identification of Indomalayan Gnathochorisis and Symplecis are provided along with the illustration of the new species.


Assuntos
Vespas , Animais , Índia
16.
Zootaxa ; 5155(3): 393-413, 2022 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095577

RESUMO

A new genus of herb gall wasps, Fumariphilus Nieves-Aldrey gen. nov., (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae, Aulacideini), is described. Previous molecular phylogenetic analyses, and resulting systematic changes at the tribe level, have shown that the related species Aylax hypecoi Trotter and Neaylax versicolor Nieves-Aldrey have been incorrectly placed within their respective genera. In order to reflect their monophyletic lineage and to accommodate these species within the tribe Aulacideini, it is necessary to erect a new genus. The two species, Fumariphilus versicolor (Nieves-Aldrey, 1985) n. comb. and Fumariphilus hypecoi (Trotter, 1913) n. comb. placed in the new genus induce galls in fruits of species of, respectively, Hypecoum L. (Papaveraceae: Fumarioideae: Hypecoeae) and Fumaria L. (Papaveraceae: Fumarioideae: Fumarieae), reflecting a host-plant association that is unique among all the cynipids. Diagnostic morphological features of both the adult and the larvae and an identification key to the species of the new genus are provided. Adults of Fumariphilus versicolor n. comb., are also re-described and, for both species of Fumariphilus, the terminal instar larva is described and illustrated with SEM images. Following the erection of the new genus Fumariphilus, Aylax Hartig, sensu Nieves-Aldrey, 1994 is now sufficiently delimited within the tribe Aylacini sensu stricto Ashmead, 1903, which comprises species associated with only plants of the genus Papaver (Papaveraceae). Likewise, Neaylax Nieves-Aldrey, 1994, which now includes only the gall wasp species that associate with species of Salvia (Lamiaceae), is sufficiently delimited within the tribe Aulacideini Nieves-Aldrey, Nylander Ronquist, 2015. Also provided in this work is an updated and illustrated identification key to the genera of the Aulacideini.


Assuntos
Vespas , Animais , Larva , Filogenia , Plantas
17.
Zootaxa ; 5155(3): 301-333, 2022 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095581

RESUMO

Five new gall wasp species, Aulacidea koeiana Melika, Tavakoli Stone, sp. nov., A. lorestanica Melika, Tavakoli Stone, sp. nov., A. piroziae Melika, Stone Pujade-Villar, sp. nov., Phanacis strigosa Melika, Stone Tavakoli, sp. nov., P. tavakolii Melika, Stone Pujade-Villar, sp. nov. are described from Lorestan, Iran. Descriptions, diagnoses, plus information on biology and host associations are given for all new species, and we provide the first description of the male of Isocolus beheni Melika Karimpour, 2008.


Assuntos
Vespas , Animais , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino
18.
Zootaxa ; 5155(1): 124-132, 2022 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095592

RESUMO

The Philippine species of the genus Calligaster de Saussure, 1852 are reviewed. Two species are recorded: C. ilocana Selis, sp. nov. and C. williamsi Bequaert, 1940. Calligaster zetteli Gusenleitner, 2006 is recognized as a synonym of Pseudozumia gracilis van der Vecht, 1963 syn. nov. New distributional records and a key to species are provided.


Assuntos
Vespas , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Ilhas , Filipinas
19.
Zootaxa ; 5154(3): 305-318, 2022 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095620

RESUMO

Vespa crabro Linnaeus is newly reported as an adventive species in British Columbia, Canada which is the first record of this invasive species in western North America. The specimen of V. crabro was identified using morphological diagnostic keys and by comparison to authoritatively identified specimens. DNA barcoding provided support that the British Columbia specimen is conspecific with sequenced specimens of V. crabro. It is not possible to be certain of the origin of the specimen, but the DNA barcode was identical to sequence from specimens of V. crabro from South Korea. DNA barcoding was also performed on morphologically identified specimens of Vespa simillima and Vespa soror collected previously in British Columbia and the sequences were closest to V. simillima and V. soror Genbank sequences, respectively. There is no evidence that any of these species have established populations in the province. We provide diagnostic morphological characters to distinguish Canadian Vespa species from each other including Vespa mandarinia which has recently established populations in British Columbia and Washington State, USA. The potential detrimental impacts of each species are discussed.


Assuntos
Vespas , Animais , Abelhas , Espécies Introduzidas , América do Norte , Vespas/anatomia & histologia , Vespas/genética
20.
Zootaxa ; 5154(2): 101-126, 2022 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095632

RESUMO

The Pseudepipona herrichii-group includes species of the genus Pseudepipona de Saussure, 1856, subgenus Pseudepipona s. str., without long setae on the gena, the scutum, and the propleura, with the transverse carina of the propodeum forming laterally a tooth or at least a blunt angle, and with the preapical tooth of the male mandible of approximately equal width and length. Taxonomic revision of this group revealed the existence of six species: Pseudepipona aldrichi (Fox, 1892), stat. nov. (= P. herrichii mongolica Giordani Soika, 1970, syn. nov.), P. herrichii (de Saussure, 1856) (= P. herrichii afromontana Gusenleitner, 1977, syn. nov.), P. kozhevnikovi (Kostylev, 1927), P. tingjingliae Fateryga, sp. nov., P. tricarinata (Kokujev, 1913), and P. valentinae Fateryga, sp. nov. A complete diagnosis of the males and females of these species is provided, as is an identification key. Maps detailing the geographic distributions of each species are presented. The available data on their bionomics are also summarized.


Assuntos
Vespas , Animais , China , Feminino , Masculino , Federação Russa
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