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1.
Gene ; 766: 145163, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32980450

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardia adenocarcinoma (CA) is a distinct form of gastric cancer, and the optimal means of treating it remains controversial. At present, the role of the condensation complex gene non-SMC condensin I complex subunit G (NCAPG) in CA is uncertain, and as such the present study was designed to elucidate its importance in this oncogenic context. METHODS: We first used bioinformatics approaches to assess NCAPG expression profiles in CA using public databases. Protein profiling was also used to examine the expression of this protein in CA tumors and adjacent tissues from 20 patients. Then the expression of NCAPG in CA samples was quantified via qRT-PCR and Western blotting. NCAPG knockdown and overexpression in the SGC-7901 and AGS cell lines were subsequently performed, after which the expression of key proteins associated with epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT; E-cadherin, vimentin, N-cadherin, Snail, Slug) and the regulation of apoptotic responses (caspase-3, Bax, Bcl-2) was measured. The mechanistic role of NCAPG in CA was additionally studied by analyzing proteins associated with Wnt/ß-catenin signaling including Wnt1, phosphorylated GSK3ß, ß-catenin, and phosphorylated ß- catenin. The impact of NCAPG on the migration, survival, and invasion of CA cells was further examined. RESULTS: CA samples exhibited high NCAPG expression. When this gene was overexpressed in cell lines, it reduced caspase-3, Bax, and E-cadherin levels whereas it elevated Bcl-2, vimentin, N-cadherin, Snail, and Slug levels. NCAPG overexpression also resulted in the enhanced expression of Wnt1, phosphorylated GSK3ß, and total ß-catenin and the reduced expression of phosphorylated ß-catenin. The knockdown of NCAPG, in contrast, yielded the opposite phenotype. At a functional level, the overexpression of NCAPG improved the apoptotic resistance of CA cells while driving them to undergo EMT and to become more invasive and migratory. CONCLUSIONS: NCAPG overexpression can promote EMT and suppress tumor cell apoptosis via the activation of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/genética , Apoptose/genética , Cárdia/patologia , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , beta Catenina/genética , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Oncogenes/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Vimentina/genética
2.
Anticancer Res ; 40(11): 6017-6028, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33109540

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: R-spondins control WNT signaling and RSPO1 and LGR6, two of its receptors, are uniquely expressed at high levels in high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC). The aim of this study was to assess the interrelations between the expression of the RSPOs and LGRs in HGSOC and in the ovarian surface (OSE) and fallopian tube surface epithelium (FTSE) from which HGSOC arises. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analysis of TCGA (HGSOC), CCLE (ovary), and other publicly accessed RNA-Seq data using UC San Diego Computational Cancer Analysis Library (CCAL) to perform differential expression analysis, association studies, and gene set inspection using the single-sample GSEA method. Additionally, we employed multiple publicly available databases including StringDB, Human Protein Atlas, and cBioPortal to aid the investigation. RESULTS: Among normal tissues, expression of RSPO1, LGR5 and LGR6 was highest in the fallopian tube. The relative levels of expression of the RSPOs and LGRs in the OSE and FTSE matched those in HGSOC. RSPO1 and LGR6 were highly co-expressed in all three tissues. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) showed that expression of RSPO1 was strongly linked to the enrichment of three separate WNT-driven GO pathways. Analysis of genes that impacted overall survival identified two other immediately adjacent genes that control WNT signaling, KREMEN1 and ZNRF3 whose expression and copy number were coordinately linked. CONCLUSION: RSPO1 and LGR6 are coordinately expressed in HGSOC and the two normal tissues from which this tumor arises, and their expression is linked to WNT signaling pathways known the control cell fate and proliferation.


Assuntos
Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/metabolismo , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/metabolismo , Trombospondinas/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/genética , Tubas Uterinas/patologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/metabolismo , Gradação de Tumores , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Ovário/patologia , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/genética , Trombospondinas/genética , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética
3.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 183(6): 647-656, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120354

RESUMO

Objective: Genomic alterations in Hürthle cell carcinomas (HCC) include chromosomal losses, mitochondrial DNA mutations, and changes in the expression profile of the PI3K-AKT-mTOR and Wnt/ß-catenin pathways. This study aimed at characterizing the mutational profile of HCC. Methods: Next-generation sequencing (NGS) of 40 HCC using a 102-gene panel including, among others, the MAPK, PI3K-AKT-mTOR, Wnt/ß-catenin, and Notch pathways. HCC was widely invasive in 57.5%, and lymph node and distant metastases were diagnosed in 5% and 7.5% of cases. During follow-up, 10% of patients presented with persistent/recurrent disease, but there were no cancer-related deaths. Results: Genetic alterations were identified in 47.5% of HCC and comprised 190 single-nucleotide variants and 5 insertions/deletions. The Wnt/ß-catenin pathway was most frequently affected (30%), followed by MAPK (27.5%) and PI3K-AKT-mTOR (25%). FAT1 and APC were the most frequently mutated genes and present in 17.5%. RAS mutations were present in 12.5% but no BRAF mutation was found. There was no association between the mutational profile and clinicopathological features. Conclusions: This series of HCC presents a wide range of mutations in the Wnt/ß-catenin, MAPK and PI3K-AKT-mTOR pathways. The recurrent involvement of Wnt/ß-catenin pathway, particularly mutations in APC and FAT1, are of particular interest. The data suggest that mutated FAT1 may represent a potential novel driver in HCC tumorigenesis and that the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway plays a critical role in this distinct thyroid malignancy.


Assuntos
Adenoma Oxífilo/genética , Proteína da Polipose Adenomatosa do Colo/genética , Caderinas/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , beta Catenina/genética , Idoso , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 815-820, 2020 Oct 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047713

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In this study, we used genome-wide association study (GWAS) data to explore whether WNT pathway genes were associated with non-syndromic oral clefts (NSOC) considering gene-gene interaction and gene-environment interaction. METHODS: We conducted the analysis using 806 non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P) case-parent trios and 202 non-syndromic cleft palate (NSCP) case-parent trios among Chinese populations selected from an international consortium established for a GWAS of non-syndromic oral clefts. Genotype data and maternal environmental exposures were collected through DNA samples and questionnaires. Conditional Logistic regression models were adopted to explore gene-gene interaction and gene-environment in teraction using trio package in R software. The threshold of significance level was set as 3.47×10-4 using Bonferroni correction. RESULTS: A total of 144 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in seven genes passed the quality control process in NSCL/P trios and NSCP trios, respectively. Totally six pairs of SNPs interactions showed statistically significant SNP-SNP interaction (P < 3.47×10-4) after Bonferroni correction, which were rs7618735 (WNT5A) and rs10848543 (WNT5B), rs631948 (WNT11) and rs556874 (WNT5A), and rs631948 (WNT11) and rs472631 (WNT5A) among NSCL/P trios; rs589149 (WNT11) and rs4765834 (WNT5B), rs1402704 (WNT11) and rs358792 (WNT5A), and rs1402704 (WNT11) and rs358793 (WNT5A) among NSCP trios, respectively. In addition, no significant result was found for gene-environment interaction analysis in both of the NSCL/P trios and NSCP trios. CONCLUSION: Though this study failed to detect significant association based on gene-environment interactions of seven WNT pathway genes and the risk of NSOC, WNT pathway genes may influence the risk of NSOC through potential gene-gene interaction.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial , Fissura Palatina , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Fenda Labial/genética , Fissura Palatina/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética
5.
Gene ; 761: 145038, 2020 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32777532

RESUMO

Neuropathic pain, which results from impairment of the somatosensory system, has affected about 8% population around the world and leads to considerable burdens for patients and world health care system. However, its underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. In this study, we hypothesized that miR-24-3p was involved in the progression of neuropathic pain in CCI rat models. By measuring miR-24-3p expression in CCI rats, we found that miR-24-3p expression was increased in CCI rats, suggesting miR-24-3p might participate in neuropathic pain progression. Next, by conducting a serial in vitro and vivo experiments, we found that miR-24-3p regulated Wnt5a/ß-Catenin Signaling levels to promote neuropathic pain progression via targeting LPAR3 in CCI rats. Furthermore, we explored the upstream regulator of miR-24-3p by conducting bioinformatics analysis, we found that circular RNA cZRANB1 might sponge to miR-24-3p. Then we applied biotinylated RNA pull-down and luciferase reporter assays to assess the association between cZRANB1 and miR-24-3p. It was found that cZRANB1 mediated LPAR3 expression via sponging miR-24-3p. Collectively, our study suggests that cZRNAB1 regulated Wnt5a/ß-Catenin Signaling expression via miR-24-3p/LPAR3 axis in CCI rat models.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/genética , Neuralgia/genética , Receptores de Ácidos Lisofosfatídicos/genética , Animais , Constrição Patológica/genética , Progressão da Doença , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Inflamação/genética , Masculino , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Circular/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores de Ácidos Lisofosfatídicos/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/genética , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , Proteína Wnt-5a/genética , Proteína Wnt-5a/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo
6.
Biomolecules ; 10(8)2020 08 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32784711

RESUMO

Bladder cancer (BC) is the 11th most common diagnosed cancer, and a number of factors including environmental and genetic ones participate in BC development. Metastasis of BC cells into neighboring and distant tissues significantly reduces overall survival of patients with this life-threatening disorder. Recently, studies have focused on revealing molecular pathways involved in metastasis of BC cells, and in this review, we focus on microRNAs (miRNAs) and their regulatory effect on epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) mechanisms that can regulate metastasis. EMT is a vital process for migration of BC cells, and inhibition of this mechanism restricts invasion of BC cells. MiRNAs are endogenous non-coding RNAs with 19-24 nucleotides capable of regulating different cellular events, and EMT is one of them. In BC cells, miRNAs are able to both induce and/or inhibit EMT. For regulation of EMT, miRNAs affect different molecular pathways such as transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-ß), Snail, Slug, ZEB1/2, CD44, NSBP1, which are, discussed in detail this review. Besides, miRNA/EMT axis can also be regulated by upstream mediators such as lncRNAs, circRNAs and targeted by diverse anti-tumor agents. These topics are also discussed here to reveal diverse molecular pathways involved in migration of BC cells and strategies to target them to develop effective therapeutics.


Assuntos
Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/metabolismo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/imunologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Metástase Neoplásica , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética
7.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4225, 2020 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32839463

RESUMO

Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is an aggressive gastrointestinal malignancy with no approved targeted therapy. Here, we analyze exomes (n = 160), transcriptomes (n = 115), and low pass whole genomes (n = 146) from 167 gallbladder cancers (GBCs) from patients in Korea, India and Chile. In addition, we also sequence samples from 39 GBC high-risk patients and detect evidence of early cancer-related genomic lesions. Among the several significantly mutated genes not previously linked to GBC are ETS domain genes ELF3 and EHF, CTNNB1, APC, NSD1, KAT8, STK11 and NFE2L2. A majority of ELF3 alterations are frame-shift mutations that result in several cancer-specific neoantigens that activate T-cells indicating that they are cancer vaccine candidates. In addition, we identify recurrent alterations in KEAP1/NFE2L2 and WNT pathway in GBC. Taken together, these define multiple targetable therapeutic interventions opportunities for GBC treatment and management.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Mutação da Fase de Leitura , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-ets/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Vacinas Anticâncer/genética , Vacinas Anticâncer/imunologia , Chile , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/imunologia , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Genômica/métodos , Humanos , Índia , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/genética , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-ets/imunologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-ets/metabolismo , República da Coreia , Fatores de Transcrição/imunologia , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , beta Catenina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo
8.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4159, 2020 08 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32855415

RESUMO

The periodic cartilage and smooth muscle structures in mammalian trachea are derived from tracheal mesoderm, and tracheal malformations result in serious respiratory defects in neonates. Here we show that canonical Wnt signaling in mesoderm is critical to confer trachea mesenchymal identity in human and mouse. At the initiation of tracheal development, endoderm begins to express Nkx2.1, and then mesoderm expresses the Tbx4 gene. Loss of ß-catenin in fetal mouse mesoderm causes loss of Tbx4+ tracheal mesoderm and tracheal cartilage agenesis. The mesenchymal Tbx4 expression relies on endodermal Wnt activation and Wnt ligand secretion but is independent of known Nkx2.1-mediated respiratory development, suggesting that bidirectional Wnt signaling between endoderm and mesoderm promotes trachea development. Activating Wnt, Bmp signaling in mouse embryonic stem cell (ESC)-derived lateral plate mesoderm (LPM) generates tracheal mesoderm containing chondrocytes and smooth muscle cells. For human ESC-derived LPM, SHH activation is required along with WNT to generate proper tracheal mesoderm. Together, these findings may contribute to developing applications for human tracheal tissue repair.


Assuntos
Endoderma/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Mesoderma/metabolismo , Traqueia/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , beta Catenina/genética , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Células Cultivadas , Endoderma/citologia , Endoderma/embriologia , Células-Tronco Embrionárias Humanas/metabolismo , Humanos , Mesoderma/citologia , Mesoderma/embriologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Camundongos Transgênicos , Células-Tronco Embrionárias Murinas/metabolismo , Proteínas com Domínio T/genética , Proteínas com Domínio T/metabolismo , Fator Nuclear 1 de Tireoide/genética , Fator Nuclear 1 de Tireoide/metabolismo , Traqueia/citologia , Traqueia/embriologia , beta Catenina/metabolismo
9.
Life Sci ; 258: 118190, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32777299

RESUMO

AIMS: Glycolysis is an important process for cervical carcinoma development. Previous studies have indicated that stress-induced phosphoprotein 1 (STIP1) is associated with development of multiple tumors. Nevertheless, the role and mechanism of STIP1 in glycolysis of cervical carcinoma remain unclear. MAIN METHODS: The association between STIP1 and survival probability and the correlation between STIP1 expression and pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) as well as lactate dehydrogenase isoform A (LDHA) levels in cervical carcinoma were analyzed via The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). The expression of STIP1, PKM2, LDHA, and cytochrome c (Cyt C) was measured via western blot or quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Cell viability and apoptosis were examined via cell counting kit 8 and flow cytometry, respectively. Glycolysis was assessed via detection of glucose consumption and lactate production. The protein involved in the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway was measured via western blot. KEY FINDINGS: STIP1 abundance was elevated in cervical carcinoma cells. High expression of STIP1 indicated poor survival probability. Knockdown of STIP1 inhibited cervical carcinoma cell viability and promoted apoptosis. STIP1 expression was positively correlated with PKM2 and LDHA levels in cervical carcinoma. Silence of STIP1 inhibited glycolysis and decreased PKM2 and LDHA expression. Down-regulation of STIP1 repressed the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. Overexpression of ß-catenin reversed the effect of STIP1 silence on viability, apoptosis, glycolysis, and levels of PKM2 and LDHA. SIGNIFICANCE: STIP1 knockdown suppressed glycolysis in cervical carcinoma by inhibiting PKM2 and LDHA expression and activation of the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Glicólise , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Lactato Desidrogenase 5/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Hormônios Tireóideos/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Humanos , Modelos Biológicos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética
10.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(35): 21459-21468, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32817436

RESUMO

Animal development has traditionally been viewed as an autonomous process directed by the host genome. But, in many animals, biotic and abiotic cues, like temperature and bacterial colonizers, provide signals for multiple developmental steps. Hydra offers unique features to encode these complex interactions of developmental processes with biotic and abiotic factors, and we used it here to investigate the impact of bacterial colonizers and temperature on the pattern formation process. In Hydra, formation of the head organizer involves the canonical Wnt pathway. Treatment with alsterpaullone (ALP) results in acquiring characteristics of the head organizer in the body column. Intriguingly, germfree Hydra polyps are significantly more sensitive to ALP compared to control polyps. In addition to microbes, ß-catenin-dependent pattern formation is also affected by temperature. Gene expression analyses led to the identification of two small secreted peptides, named Eco1 and Eco2, being up-regulated in the response to both Curvibacter sp., the main bacterial colonizer of Hydra, and low temperatures. Loss-of-function experiments revealed that Eco peptides are involved in the regulation of pattern formation and have an antagonistic function to Wnt signaling in Hydra.


Assuntos
Hydra/genética , Hydra/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Animais , Bactérias/metabolismo , Padronização Corporal/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/genética , Interação Gene-Ambiente , Hydra/fisiologia , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Temperatura , Proteínas Wnt/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , Via de Sinalização Wnt/fisiologia
11.
Gene ; 758: 144967, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32707299

RESUMO

Bivalve mollusks are descendants of an early-Cambrian lineage and have successfully evolved unique strategies for reproduction. Nonetheless, the molecular mechanisms underlying reproductive regulation in mollusks remain to be elucidated. In this study, transcriptomes of ovary at four reproductive stages in female Chlamys farreri were characterized by RNA-Seq. Regarding signaling pathways, ECM-receptor interaction pathway, mTOR signaling pathway, Fanconi anemia pathway, FoxO signaling pathway, Wnt signaling pathway and Hedgehog signaling pathway were enriched during ovarian development processes. In addition, pathways related to energy metabolism such as Nitrogen metabolism and Arachidonic acid metabolism were enriched at spawn stage. Interestingly, Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction was significantly enriched involved in ovarian development and spawn, and indicated the potential functions of nervous system on reproductive regulation in C. farreri. What's more, this study identified and characterized fourteen genes involved in "sex hormones synthesis and regulation", "ovarian development and spawn" and "maternal immunity" during the four reproductive stages in C. farreri. We determined that CYP17 uniquely affected gamete release by influencing the physiological balance among the steroid hormones and showed that receptors of the 5-HT and GABA neurotransmitters were tightly associated with ovarian maturation. Furthermore, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to report the maternal effect gene Zar1 in bivalve mollusks, likewise the maternal immunity genes displayed coordinated and cooperative expression during reproductive periods, which strengthened the environmental adaptation mechanisms of bivalves. Taken together, this study provides the first dynamic transcriptomic analysis of C. farreri at four key reproductive stages, which will assist in revealing the molecular mechanisms underlying bivalves on reproductive regulation in ovarian development and spawn.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/genética , Ovário/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Pectinidae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Pectinidae/genética , Transcriptoma/genética , Animais , Metabolismo Energético/genética , Proteínas de Grupos de Complementação da Anemia de Fanconi/metabolismo , Feminino , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , Reprodução/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Proteínas Wnt/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética
12.
PLoS Biol ; 18(7): e3000561, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32702011

RESUMO

Maternal ß-catenin activity is essential and critical for dorsal induction and its dorsal activation has been thoroughly studied. However, how the maternal ß-catenin activity is suppressed in the nondorsal cells remains poorly understood. Nanog is known to play a central role for maintenance of the pluripotency and maternal -zygotic transition (MZT). Here, we reveal a novel role of Nanog as a strong repressor of maternal ß-catenin signaling to safeguard the embryo against hyperactivation of maternal ß-catenin activity and hyperdorsalization. In zebrafish, knockdown of nanog at different levels led to either posteriorization or dorsalization, mimicking zygotic or maternal activation of Wnt/ß-catenin activities, and the maternal zygotic mutant of nanog (MZnanog) showed strong activation of maternal ß-catenin activity and hyperdorsalization. Although a constitutive activator-type Nanog (Vp16-Nanog, lacking the N terminal) perfectly rescued the MZT defects of MZnanog, it did not rescue the phenotypes resulting from ß-catenin signaling activation. Mechanistically, the N terminal of Nanog directly interacts with T-cell factor (TCF) and interferes with the binding of ß-catenin to TCF, thereby attenuating the transcriptional activity of ß-catenin. Therefore, our study establishes a novel role for Nanog in repressing maternal ß-catenin activity and demonstrates a transcriptional switch between ß-catenin/TCF and Nanog/TCF complexes, which safeguards the embryo from global activation of maternal ß-catenin activity.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Embrionário/genética , Proteína Homeobox Nanog/metabolismo , Transativadores/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/embriologia , Peixe-Zebra/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Animais , Padronização Corporal/genética , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Masculino , Mutação/genética , Proteína Homeobox Nanog/química , Proteína Homeobox Nanog/genética , Ligação Proteica , Transporte Proteico , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Transcrição Genética , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/química , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/genética , Zigoto/metabolismo
13.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236192, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32692756

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BC) is the foremost cause of cancer related deaths in women globally. Currently there is a scarcity of reliable biomarkers for its early stage diagnosis and theranostics monitoring. Altered DNA methylation patterns leading to the silencing of tumor suppressor genes are considered as an important mechanism underlying tumor development and progression in various cancer types, including BC. Very recently, epigenetic silencing of SHISA3, an antagonist of ß-catenin, has been reported in various types of tumor. However, the role of SHISA3 in BC has not been investigated yet. Therefore, we aimed at evaluating the contribution of SHISA3 in BC causation by analyzing its expression and methylation levels in BC cell lines (MDA-MB231, MCF-7 and BT-474) and in 103 paired BC tissue samples. The SHISA3 expression and methylation status was determined by qPCR and methylation specific PCR (MSP) respectively. The role of SHISA3 in BC tumorigenesis was evaluated by proliferation and migration assays after ectopic expression of SHISA3. The association between SHISA3 hypermethylation and clinicopathological parameters of BC patients was also studied. The downregulation of SHISA3 expression was found in three BC cell lines used and in all BC tissue samples. However, SHISA3 promoter region was hypermethylated in 61% (63/103) tumorous tissues in comparison to the 18% of their matched normal tissues. The 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine treatment restored SHISA3 expression by reversing promoter hypermethylation in both MDA-MB231 and MCF-7 cells. Furthermore, ectopic expression of SHISA3 significantly reduced the proliferation and migration ability of these cells. Taken together, our findings for the first time reveal epigenetic silencing and tumor suppressing role of SHISA3 in BC. Henceforth, this study has identified SHISA3 as potentially powerful target for the development of new therapies against BC, as well as novel diagnostic and therapy response monitoring approaches.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Epigênese Genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , Azacitidina/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/genética , Metilação de DNA/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
14.
Chem Biol Interact ; 328: 109201, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32717190

RESUMO

The caseinate and glycated caseinate generated from the transglutaminase-catalyzed reaction of caseinate and oligochitosan were digested using pepsin and trypsin, and the activity of the resultant digests was measured in rat intestinal epithelial cell line (IEC-6) using several biological responses as indicators. Compared with the caseinate digest, the glycated caseinate digest had similar contents in 17 amino acids but less reactable -NH2 contents, and 6.57 g glucosamine per kg protein; moreover, it showed higher activity in the cells (P < 0.05) to promote cell growth, accumulate the cell-cycle progression at the S-phase, and prevent the camptothecin-induced cell apoptosis. The glycated caseinate digest also showed higher differentiation activity in the cells than the caseinate digest, resulting in enhanced activities of the three brush-border membrane enzymes (P < 0.05) and increased microvilli on the cell surfaces. The real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, Western-blot assay, and Dickkopf-1 (a receptor inhibitor of the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway) were used to determine both gene and protein expression changes in the cells. A Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway responsible for these enhanced effects was proposed because the five genes (glycogen synthase kinase 3ß, Wnt3a, ß-catenin, c-Myc, and cyclin D1) and three proteins (nuclear and cytosolic ß-catenin, cyclin D1, and c-Myc) as part of this signaling pathway were regulated in the treated cells. The oligochitosan glycation of caseinate induced by transglutaminase is thus suggested endowing the peptic-tryptic caseinate digest with higher activity in the cells through its effects on the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Caseínas/metabolismo , Quitina/análogos & derivados , Enterócitos/metabolismo , Pepsina A/metabolismo , Tripsina/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Animais , Apoptose , Bovinos , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células , Sobrevivência Celular , Quitina/metabolismo , Enterócitos/citologia , Enterócitos/ultraestrutura , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Glicosilação , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos , Via de Sinalização Wnt/efeitos dos fármacos , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética
15.
Exp Anim ; 69(4): 430-440, 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32641593

RESUMO

Recent studies in mice suggested that KLF5 (Kruppel like factor 5), a zinc-finger transcription factor, plays an important role in skeletal muscle development and regeneration. As an important factor in the process of muscle development, KLF5 participates in the regulation of the cell cycle, cell survival, and cell dryness under different environmental conditions, but it is not clear whether KLF5 participates in muscle atrophy. Therefore, we investigated whether KLF5 can regulate the atrophy of chicken satellite cells in vitro and examined its mechanism of action. qPCR showed that KLF5 gene knockdown promoted the expression of key genes in muscle atrophy. Subsequently, we sequenced and analyzed the transcriptomes of KLF5 silenced and control cells, and we showed that the differentially expressed genes were mainly enriched in 10 signaling pathways (P<0.05), with differential gene and enrichment analyses indicating that the Wnt signaling pathways are extremely important. In conclusion, our results indicate that KLF5 may regulate the atrophy of chicken skeletal muscle through the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/fisiologia , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , Via de Sinalização Wnt/fisiologia , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Animais , Atrofia/genética , Células Cultivadas , Galinhas , Masculino
16.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 2711, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32483135

RESUMO

p16INK4a (CDKN2A) is a central tumor suppressor, which induces cell-cycle arrest and senescence. Cells expressing p16INK4a accumulate in aging tissues and appear in premalignant lesions, yet their physiologic effects are poorly understood. We found that prolonged expression of transgenic p16INK4a in the mouse epidermis induces hyperplasia and dysplasia, involving high proliferation rates of keratinocytes not expressing the transgene. Continuous p16INK4a expression increases the number of epidermal papillomas formed after carcinogen treatment. Wnt-pathway ligands and targets are activated upon prolonged p16INK4a expression, and Wnt inhibition suppresses p16INK4a-induced hyperplasia. Senolytic treatment reduces p16INK4a-expressing cell numbers, and inhibits Wnt activation and hyperplasia. In human actinic keratosis, a precursor of squamous cell carcinoma, p16INK4a-expressing cells are found adjacent to dividing cells, consistent with paracrine interaction. These findings reveal that chronic p16INK4a expression is sufficient to induce hyperplasia through Wnt-mediated paracrine stimulation, and suggest that this tumor suppressor can promote early premalignant epidermal lesion formation.


Assuntos
Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/genética , Epiderme/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , Animais , Proliferação de Células/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Humanos , Hiperplasia/genética , Hiperplasia/metabolismo , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Ceratose/genética , Ceratose/metabolismo , Camundongos da Linhagem 129 , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Papiloma/genética , Papiloma/metabolismo , Papiloma/patologia
17.
Life Sci ; 256: 117998, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32585241

RESUMO

AIMS: Accumulating evidence elucidates the biological significance of long non-coding RNA (lncRNAs) in tumorigenesis and development. FGD5 antisense RNA 1 (FGD5-AS1) was previously revealed as an oncogene in several types of malignancies. However, the roles of FGD5-AS1 in glioblastoma (GBM) and its potential molecular mechanisms remain unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of FGD5-AS1, miR-129-5p, and heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein K (HNRNPK) mRNA were measured by qRT-PCR. Cell proliferation, invasion and apoptosis were determined by MTT, colony formation, transwell and flow cytometry assays. The protein levels of Ki-67, HNRNPK and Wnt signaling-associated genes were examined by western blot assay. The possible action mechanism of FGD5-AS1 was detected by bioinformatic tools, luciferase reporter, RIP and TOP/FOP Flash reporter assays. A nude mouse xenograft model was built to analyze the function of FGD5-AS1 in vivo. KEY FINDINGS: FGD5-AS1 expression was increased in GBM tumor tissues and cells. Knockdown of FGD5-AS1 inhibited cell proliferation and invasion in vitro, and slowed tumor growth in vivo. Mechanistically, FGD5-AS1 served as a sponge of miR-129-5p to relieve its suppression on HNRNPK. Moreover, down-regulation of HNRNPK repressed cell proliferation and invasion, while enhanced apoptosis. Additionally, si-FGD5-AS1-mediated suppression of cell proliferation and invasion was obviously reversed by the decrease of miR-129-5p or restoration of HNRNPK. Furthermore, FGD5-AS1 promoted cell growth and invasion by stimulating Wnt/ß-catenin signaling via regulation of miR-129-5p/HNRNPK. SIGNIFICANCE: FGD5-AS1 promoted GBM progression at least partly by regulating miR-129-5p/HNRNPK to activate Wnt/ß-catenin signaling, suggesting the potential of FGD5-AS1 as a candidate target to improve GBM therapy.


Assuntos
Glioblastoma/patologia , Fatores de Troca do Nucleotídeo Guanina/genética , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas Grupo K/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Glioblastoma/genética , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
18.
Life Sci ; 256: 118006, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32593708

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common cancer with poor prognosis and high mortality. There is growing information about the factors involved in the pathogenesis of CRC. However, the knowledge of the predisposing factors is limited. The development of CRC is strongly associated with the Wingless/Integrated (Wnt) signaling pathway. This pathway comprises several major target proteins, including LRP5/6, GSK3ß, adenomatous polyposis coli (APC), axis inhibition protein (Axin), and ß-catenin. Genetic variations in these components of the Wnt signaling pathway may lead to the activation of ß-catenin, potentially increasing the proliferation of colorectal cells. Because of the potentially important role of the Wnt signaling pathway in CRC, we aimed to review the involvement of different mutations in the main downstream proteins of this pathway, including LRP5/6, APC, GSK3ß, Axin, and ß-catenin. Determination of the genetic risk factors involved in the progression of CRC may lead to novel approaches for the early diagnosis of CRC and the identification of potential therapeutic targets in the treatment of CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , Animais , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Diagnóstico , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Mutação , Fatores de Risco
19.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 2984, 2020 06 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32533114

RESUMO

ADNP (Activity Dependent Neuroprotective Protein) is a neuroprotective protein whose aberrant expression has been frequently linked to neural developmental disorders, including the Helsmoortel-Van der Aa syndrome (also called the ADNP syndrome). However, its role in neural development and pathology remains unclear. Here, we show that ADNP is required for neural induction and differentiation by enhancing Wnt signaling. Mechanistically, ADNP functions to stabilize ß-Catenin through binding to its armadillo domain which prevents its association with key components of the degradation complex: Axin and APC. Loss of ADNP promotes the formation of the degradation complex and ß-Catenin degradation via ubiquitin-proteasome pathway, resulting in down-regulation of key neuroectoderm developmental genes. In addition, adnp gene disruption in zebrafish leads to defective neurogenesis and reduced Wnt signaling. Our work provides important insights into the role of ADNP in neural development and the pathology of the Helsmoortel-Van der Aa syndrome caused by ADNP gene mutation.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular/genética , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Células-Tronco Embrionárias Murinas/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Neurônios/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , beta Catenina/genética , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Células HEK293 , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Humanos , Hibridização In Situ/métodos , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Células-Tronco Embrionárias Murinas/citologia , Mutação , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Neurônios/citologia , Ligação Proteica , Peixe-Zebra/embriologia , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo
20.
Life Sci ; 257: 118024, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32598931

RESUMO

AIMS: Cancer-derived exosomes carrying tumor-derived molecules such as miRNAs and proteins related to various phenotypes have been detected in both the bloodstream and other biofluids of patients with different cancers. Thus, our main purpose here was to determine the role of the exosomal microRNA-454 (miR-454) derived by MDA-MB-231 in self-renewal of cancer stem cells (CSCs) in ovarian cancer (OC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Extraction of MDA-MB-231 cells-derived exosomes (231-derived exosomes) was conducted to treat CD44+/CD133+ SKOV3 and CoC1 cells to observe cell growth and stemness. Next, the differentially expressed miRNAs in SKOV3 cells after exosome treatment were filtered using microarray analysis. Subsequently, the cell viability was detected after reducing the exosomal miR-454 and the addition of a Wnt pathway inhibitor C59. Finally, the pro-tumorigenic function of exosomes on OC cells in vivo was investigated. KEY FINDINGS: After co-culture with 231-derived exosomes, the stemness of CSCs were promoted. Subsequently, the reduction of exosomal miR-454 weakened the roles of exosomes on cell stemness. Proline-rich transmembrane protein 2 (PRRT2) was substantiated as a target gene of miR-454 in SKOV3 and CoC1 cells. C59 reversed the repressive role of exosomes in stemness of CSCs. When being evaluated in a mouse model, exosomal miR-454 led to an efficacious effect in suppressing the tumor weight and volume in vivo. SIGNIFICANCE: Altogether, 231-derived exosomes carrying miR-454 disrupted the Wnt pathway by targeting PRRT2, thereby promoting CSC stemness in vitro and OC cell growth in vivo.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/genética , Ciclo Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Técnicas de Cocultura , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Exossomos/genética , Exossomos/metabolismo , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , Proteína Wnt1/metabolismo , Proteína Wnt2/genética , Proteína Wnt2/metabolismo
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