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1.
Microbes Environ ; 35(1)2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31969531

RESUMO

The Vietnamese Mekong delta is one of the largest rice-producing areas globally. Methylobacterium spp. are persistent colonizers of the rice plant and exert beneficial effects on plant growth and health. Sixty-one Methylobacterium strains belonging to seven species were predominantly isolated from the phyllosphere of rice cultivated in six Mekong delta provinces. Inoculation tests revealed that some strains exhibited plant growth-promoting activity. Moreover, three strains possessed the novel characteristics of inducing leaf bleaching and killing rice seedlings. These results revealed the complex diversity of Methylobacterium in Mekong delta rice and that healthy and productive rice cultivation requires a proper balance of Methylobacterium.


Assuntos
Variação Genética , Methylobacterium/genética , Oryza/microbiologia , Alface/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Alface/microbiologia , Methylobacterium/classificação , Methylobacterium/fisiologia , Oryza/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Componentes Aéreos da Planta/microbiologia , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/fisiologia , Vietnã
2.
J Parasitol ; 106(1): 56-70, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31995719

RESUMO

Rhadinorhynchus hiansi Soota and Bhattacharya, 1981 , has remained unknown since its original incomplete description from 2 male specimens collected from the flat needlefish Ablennes hians Valenciennes (Belonidae) off Trivandrum, Kerala, India. Recent collections of fishes along the Pacific coast of Vietnam in 2016 and 2017 produced many specimens of the same species from the striped bonito Sarda orientalis Temminck and Schlegel (Scombridae) off the southern Pacific coast of Vietnam at Nha Trang. We describe females for the first time, assign a female allotype status, and provide an expanded description of males from a larger collection completing missing information on hooks and hook roots, receptacle, lemnisci, cement glands, Saefftigen's pouch, and trunk spines. Specimens of R. hiansi characteristically have no dorsal spines in the posterior field of trunk spines and a long proboscis with 36-48 dorso-ventrally differentiated proboscis hooks per row becoming progressively smaller posteriorly then increasing in size near the posterior end to a maximum at the posterior-most ring. Trunk, testes, and lemnisci in our specimens were considerably larger than those reported in the original description, but the proboscis was relatively smaller. The females had long reproductive system and corrugated elliptic eggs without polar prolongation of fertilization membrane. Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis (EDXA) demonstrates high levels of calcium and phosphorus in large gallium cut hooks and high levels of sulfur in tip cuts of large and small hooks and in spines. This EDXA pattern is a characteristic fingerprint of R. hiansi. The molecular profile of R. hiansi is described from 18S rDNA and COI genes, and phylogenetic relationships with most closely related species are discussed.


Assuntos
Acantocéfalos/anatomia & histologia , Acantocéfalos/genética , Beloniformes/parasitologia , Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Helmintíase Animal/parasitologia , Acantocéfalos/classificação , Acantocéfalos/ultraestrutura , Algoritmos , Animais , Teorema de Bayes , Feminino , Peixes , Gálio , Funções Verossimilhança , Masculino , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura/veterinária , Oceano Pacífico , Filogenia , Espectrometria por Raios X/veterinária , Vietnã
3.
Fitoterapia ; 140: 104432, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31759030

RESUMO

Seven new lignans, cleistonkinins A- E (1-5), cleistonkisides A and B (6-7) were isolated from the fruits of Cleistanthus tonkinensis (Euphorbiaceae), together with five known aryltetralin lignans, cleisindoside B (8), cleistantoxin (9), cleisindoside D (10), neocleistantoxin (11) and polygamain (12). Their structures were established from spectral analysis, including mass spectrometry and 2D-NMR. The absolute configurations of 4-7 were determined by analysis of their experimental CD spectra and comparison with calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. Compounds 2 and 6 had selective inhibition with moderate cytotoxicity against Pan C1 and A549 cell lines, respectively. Cleistantoxin (9) was significantly active against A549, HeLa, Hep3B, Pan C1 and MCF7 cell lines while it was less cytotoxic against HeLa cells. Neocleistantoxin (11) exhibited remarkable inhibition toward A549, HeLa, MCF7 and Pan C1. This is the first report for cytotoxicity of 9 and 11 against A549, Hep3B and Pan C1 cell lines.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Euphorbiaceae/química , Frutas/química , Lignanas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Lignanas/isolamento & purificação , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Vietnã
4.
Bioresour Technol ; 296: 122264, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706135

RESUMO

A thermal balance modeling framework is developed, based on heat transfer-resistance networks. The heat transfer model accounts for effects of digester- design, location and operation, including effects of solar irradiance, external heating and ambient climate. We demonstrate extendibility of the framework by using the model in dynamic simulations of substrate temperature for digesters comprising two very different designs. Digester designs modeled include fixed-dome, buried, uninsulated and unheated household digesters in Hanoi, Vietnam, and an industrial-scale anaerobic digester located at a wastewater treatment plant in Esbjerg, Denmark. The modeled temperature profiles were evaluated against measured substrate temperatures over long periods, from 7 months and up. For the two Hanoi digesters, root-mean-square-error were 1.43 °C and 0.92 °C, with Nash-Sutcliffe model efficiency coefficients (NS-C) of 0.87 and 0.93 respectively. For the industrial digester in Esbjerg root-mean-square-error was 0.48 °C with an NS-C of 0.94. The model was not calibrated prior simulation, suggesting good predictive performance.


Assuntos
Biocombustíveis , Temperatura Alta , Anaerobiose , Reatores Biológicos , Dinamarca , Metano , Vietnã
5.
Sci Total Environ ; 699: 134267, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677468

RESUMO

In the Red River Delta, Vietnam, arsenic (As) contamination of groundwater is a serious problem where more than seventeen million people are affected. Millions of people in this area are unable to access clean water from the existing centralized water treatment systems. They also cannot afford to buy expensive household water filters. Similar dangerous situations exist in many other countries and for this reason there is an urgent need to develop a cost-effective decentralized filtration system using new low-cost adsorbents for removing arsenic. In this study, seven locally available low-cost materials were tested for arsenic removal by conducting batch adsorption experiments. Of these materials, a natural laterite (48.7% Fe2O3 and 18.2% Al2O3) from Thach That (NLTT) was deemed the most suitable adsorbent based on arsenic removal performance, local availability, stability/low risk and cost (US$ 0.10/kg). Results demonstrated that the adsorption process was less dependent on the solution pH from 2.0 to 10. The coexisting anions competed with As(III) and As(V) in the order, phosphate > silicate > bicarbonate > sulphate > chloride. The adsorption process reached a fast equilibrium at approximately 120-360 min, depending on the initial arsenic concentrations. The Langmuir maximum adsorption capacities of NLTT at 30 °C were 512 µg/g for As(III) and 580 µg/g for As(V), respectively. Thermodynamic study conducted at 10 °C, 30 °C, and 50 °C suggested that the adsorption process of As(III) and As(V) was spontaneous and endothermic in nature. A water filtration system packed with NLTT was tested in a childcare centre in the most disadvantaged community in Ha Nam province, Vietnam, to determine arsenic removal performance in an operation lasting six months. Findings showed that the system reduced total arsenic concentration in groundwater from 122 to 237 µg/L to below the Vietnam drinking water standard of 10 µg/L.


Assuntos
Arsênico/análise , Filtração/economia , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Purificação da Água/métodos , Adsorção , Água Subterrânea , Vietnã
6.
J Environ Manage ; 253: 109705, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654927

RESUMO

In this paper, we try to understand pesticide input decisions among Vietnamese rice producers by examining the production risk effects of pesticide use, applying both a lottery game and a more traditional production function approach. Production function estimates show that excessive pesticide use makes production riskier. This result is supported by the lottery approach, which signals that more risk averse farmers use less pesticide, implying that pesticide is a risk-increasing input. We also show, that higher uncertainty regarding drought relative to pest is likely driving the increasing risk effect of pesticides. Therefore, we claim that the relative importance of multiple uncertainties on pest and water is relevant to determine the risk property of pesticide.


Assuntos
Oryza , Praguicidas , Agricultura , Fazendeiros , Humanos , Vietnã
7.
Acta Trop ; 201: 105221, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654901

RESUMO

Opisthorchiasis-associated cholangiocarcinoma (OV-CCA) is a major public health problem in Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Countries, the poorest region in Asia. People in this region have similar traditions or respect the same religion. There is no difference in lifestyle and food culture. Excluding Thailand, publications on risk factors for OV-CCA from the GMS Countries are few, especially data on behavioral risk factors for OV-CCA. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the behavior-related risk factors and to compare the risk of OV-CCA among rural people living along the Mekong River in five GMS countries. It was a cross-sectional analytic study during June and October 2017. All participants with informed consent completed the questionnaires. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the prevalence of risk factors. Odds ratio with 95% confidence intervals were used to compare the risk of OV-CCA. It was found that there were more drinkers than non-drinkers in all areas, except in Vietnam. The highest history of liver fluke infection was found in Cambodia. Praziquantel use and consumption of raw freshwater fish dishes were mostly found in Lao PDR. The highest consumption of nitrosamine-contaminated foodstuffs was found in Ubon Ratchathani, Thailand. The spatial comparison of OV-CCA risk showed that Lao PDR and Ubon Ratchathani were two risk areas when compared to Tachileik, Myanmar (a reference area). This study provided the behavior-related risk factors for OV-CCA among people in five GMS Countries which would be a major jigsaw puzzle leading to proactive surveillance for OV-CCA prevention in the future.


Assuntos
Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia , Colangiocarcinoma/epidemiologia , Opistorquíase/epidemiologia , Assunção de Riscos , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/epidemiologia , Camboja/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mianmar/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tailândia/epidemiologia , Vietnã/epidemiologia
8.
Hosp Pract (1995) ; 47(5): 259-266, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31791178

RESUMO

Background & aim: This study aims to prospectively assess the validity, reliability and feasibility of two nutrition screening tools NRS-2002 and MST combined with BMI (MST+BMI) after administration by medical doctors in hospitals in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) Viet Nam.Methods: Participants were 150 adult patients (validity study), 30 adult patients (reliability study) and 40 medical doctors (feasibility study) in three wards from three general public hospitals in HCMC. Area Under the ROC curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and percent of correctly classified were calculated to determine validity against SGA or BMI. Cohen's kappa (κ) statistics were calculated to determine the reliability of NRS-2002 and MST+BMI. Viewpoints regarding the benefit and role of nutrition screening and the ease of use, acceptability and feasibility of NRS-2002 and MST+BMI were assessed among medical doctors using self-administered questionnaires with Likert scales to determine feasibility.Results: After completing by medical doctors the NRS-2002 and MST+BMI showed good validity (the sensitivity and specificity were 80.3% and 79.8% for NRS-2002 and were 81.8% and 84.5% for MST+BMI, respectively) and consistent reliability (κ: 0.72 & 0.75) against SGA or BMI. Medical doctors mostly agreed (93%) on the need for and benefits of nutrition screening. It took between two and 4 min to complete screening using NRS-2002 or MST+BMI. Over 82% of medical doctors indicated that the NRS-2002 and MST+BMI were easy to conduct. There was, however, lower agreement (73%), regarding the feasibility of implementing screening in their wards and hospitals.Conclusions: Both NRS-2002 and MST+BMI were valid, reliable and feasible for use by medical doctors for nutrition screening in hospitals in the resource sparse Vietnamese context. Additional activities are required to make nutrition screening more feasible.


Assuntos
Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Avaliação Nutricional , Estado Nutricional , Médicos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Vietnã , Adulto Jovem
9.
Environ Health Perspect ; 127(11): 117007, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769300

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous literature suggests that higher ambient temperature may play a role in increasing the risk of suicide. However, no multi-country study has explored the shape of the association and the role of moderate and extreme heat across different locations. OBJECTIVES: We examined the short-term temperature-suicide relationship using daily time-series data collected for 341 locations in 12 countries for periods ranging from 4 to 40 y. METHODS: We conducted a two-stage meta-analysis. First, we performed location-specific time-stratified case-crossover analyses to examine the temperature-suicide association for each location. Then, we used a multivariate meta-regression to combine the location-specific lag-cumulative nonlinear associations across all locations and by country. RESULTS: A total of 1,320,148 suicides were included in this study. Higher ambient temperature was associated with an increased risk of suicide in general, and we observed a nonlinear association (inverted J-shaped curve) with the highest risk at 27°C. The relative risk (RR) for the highest risk was 1.33 (95% CI: 1.30, 1.36) compared with the risk at the first percentile. Country-specific results showed that the nonlinear associations were more obvious in northeast Asia (Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan). The temperature with the highest risk of suicide ranged from the 87th to 88th percentiles in the northeast Asian countries, whereas this value was the 99th percentile in Western countries (Canada, Spain, Switzerland, the UK, and the United States) and South Africa, where nearly linear associations were estimated. The country-specific RRs ranged from 1.31 (95% CI: 1.19, 1.44) in the United States to 1.65 (95% CI: 1.40, 1.93) in Taiwan, excluding countries where the results were substantially uncertain. DISCUSSION: Our findings showed that the risk of suicide increased with increasing ambient temperature in many countries, but to varying extents and not necessarily linearly. This temperature-suicide association should be interpreted cautiously, and further evidence of the relationship and modifying factors is needed. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP4898.


Assuntos
Temperatura Alta/efeitos adversos , Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Canadá/epidemiologia , Cidades , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Filipinas/epidemiologia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Risco , África do Sul/epidemiologia , Espanha/epidemiologia , Suíça/epidemiologia , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Vietnã/epidemiologia
10.
Parasit Vectors ; 12(1): 515, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685003

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Strongyloidiasis is a health problem in Vietnam, but appropriate information is still limited. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, geographical distribution, epidemiological aspects, symptoms and other health indicators of Strongyloides stercoralis infections in patients from 27 provinces of northern Vietnam attending the Hanoi Medical University Hospital during 2016 and 2017. METHODS: Blood samples of 2000 patients were analyzed for S. stercoralis infection with an IgG ELISA test. Seroprevalence was analyzed by gender, age group, locality of origin (rural or urban areas) and symptoms. Stools from the seropositive patients were examined for the detection of worms which were subsequently used for species identification by morphology and rDNA ITS1 sequencing. RESULTS: A seroprevalence of 20% was detected, showing an increasing prevalence from young to older age groups but without significant gender difference. Seroprevalence was higher in rural areas than in urban areas, both in general and individually in all provinces without exception, and lower in the mountainous areas than in the large valley lowlands. The follow-up of the 400 patients showed eosinophilia in 100% of cases, diarrhoea in 64.5%, digestion difficulties in 58.0%, stomachache in 45.5%, stomach and duodenal ulcers in 44.5%, itching in 28.0% and fever in 9.5%. The prevalence of symptoms and signs were also higher in older age groups than in younger age groups. Worms were detected in stools of 10.5% of the patients. Sequencing of a 501-bp nuclear ribosomal DNA ITS1 fragment allowed for the verification of infection by Strongyloides stercoralis. CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this study is the largest survey of human strongyloidiasis in Vietnam so far and the first molecular identification of this nematode species in this country. Long-term chronicity may probably be usual in infected subjects, mainly in the older age groups.


Assuntos
Strongyloides stercoralis/genética , Estrongiloidíase/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Animais , Anticorpos Anti-Helmínticos/sangue , DNA de Helmintos/análise , DNA de Helmintos/química , DNA Ribossômico/análise , DNA Ribossômico/química , Diarreia/epidemiologia , Diarreia/parasitologia , Eosinofilia/epidemiologia , Eosinofilia/parasitologia , Feminino , Geografia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Enteropatias Parasitárias/epidemiologia , Enteropatias Parasitárias/parasitologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , População Rural , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Strongyloides stercoralis/imunologia , Strongyloides stercoralis/isolamento & purificação , Estrongiloidíase/parasitologia , Vietnã/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
11.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1478, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703653

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of overweight and obesity (OW/OB) has increased rapidly in Vietnam. This study aimed to elucidate the factors influencing OW/OB among secondary schoolchildren. METHOD: A survey was conducted in January 2014 in four randomly selected state schools in two Hanoi urban districts, and 821 students in grade six (11-12 years old) participated. Definitions of OW/OB followed the World Health Organization standard cut-offs. RESULTS: Overall, 4.1% of children were underweight, 59.7% were normal weight, 17.1% were overweight, and 19.1% were obese. The odds of OW/OB were lowest among children whose parents had college/university degrees [father (aOR =0.65, 95% CI: 0.42-1.00); mother (aOR =0.63, 95% CI: 0.41-0.97)] compared with those whose parents had only a primary education. Children with an OW/OB family history had an increased risk of OW/OB. Other associated factors include parental OW/OB and birth weight (BW). The odds of OW/OB were highest among children with parents with OW/OB [father (aOR =2.022, 95% CI: 1.34-3.04); mother (aOR =2.83, 95% CI: 1.51-5.30)] compared with those with normal-weight parents. Children with both parents having OW/OB [both parents (aOR =6.59, 95% CI: 1.28-33.87) had the highest risk, followed by one parent (aOR =2.22, 95% CI: 1.50-3.27)] and then neither parent having OW/OB. Moreover, high-birth-weight children [BW ≥ 3500 g (aOR =1.52, 95% CI: 1.07-2.15)] had greater odds than did normal-birth-weight children. Children who slept 11 h per day [8-11 h (aOR =0.57, 95% CI: 0.40-0.81) or more (aOR =0.44, 95% CI: 0.22-0.87)] had lower OW/OB odds than those who slept 8 h or less. Children with specific positive lifestyle behaviours had lower risk of OW/OB than those who did not engage in positive lifestyle behaviours. The odds were lower among children who exercised for weight reduction (OR = 0.16, 95% CI: 0.11-0.23), lowered food intake (aOR = 0.12, 95% CI: 0.09-0.17), and added vegetables to their diet (aOR = 0.26, 95% CI: 0.19-0.35). CONCLUSION: The results suggest that parents and children with OW/OB parents or a high BW should be educated to prevent OW/OB at an early stage. Positive lifestyle behaviours should be adopted by the students.


Assuntos
Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Peso ao Nascer , Criança , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pais , Obesidade Pediátrica/etiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Instituições Acadêmicas , Sono , Inquéritos e Questionários , Vietnã/epidemiologia
12.
Zootaxa ; 4612(2): zootaxa.4612.2.10, 2019 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717072

RESUMO

Penia Laporte, 1838 is the most species-rich genus in the click-beetle tribe Dimini. Penia is distributed in the Himalayas, East and South East Asia. In this paper, we describe P. mantillerii sp. nov. from northern Vietnam. This species is easily recognizable due to its elongate body and large window-like elytral punctures. The most morphologically similar species to P. mantillerii sp. nov. are P. costipennis Fleutiaux, 1936 and P. sucinea Schimmel, 2001, which also occur in northern Vietnam. Male pregenital segments and genitalia are figured for the first time for P. sucinea. An identification key to the Penia species from Vietnam and surroundings is provided.


Assuntos
Besouros , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Ásia Sudeste , Masculino , Vietnã
13.
Zootaxa ; 4612(1): zootaxa.4612.1.11, 2019 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717086

RESUMO

The Kokarit Frog, recently referred to as Hylarana lateralis (Boulenger), is widely distributed throughout Indochina (Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam), Thailand, Myanmar and southern China. The position of this species in ranid systematics remains unclear; accordingly to the latest revision by Oliver et al. (2015), it was formally withdrawn from the genus Hylarana, but not assigned to any other hylaranine genus and currently is referred to as "Hylarana" lateralis (Frost 2019).


Assuntos
Anuros , Ranidae , Animais , Camboja , China , Indochina , Laos , Larva , Mianmar , Tailândia , Vietnã
14.
Zootaxa ; 4609(2): zootaxa.4609.2.7, 2019 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717110

RESUMO

Three species (Demotina sapensis sp. nov., Parascela filimonovi sp. nov., Colaspoides pseudofemoralis sp. nov.) are described as new to science. A key to the species of Parascela and partial key to the species of Demotina are given. Color photographs of the habitus and of both male and female genitalia are presented. New synonymies and generic transfers are proposed: Leprotes rufonotatus Pic, 1924 is resurrected as a distinct species and transferred to the genus Demotina as Demotina rufonotata (comb. and stat. nov); Parascela tuberosa (Jacoby, 1887) (comb. nov) and Parascela rugipennis (Tan, 1988) (comb. nov) are transferred from the genus Basilepta; Parascela tuberosa Tan Wang, 1983 is a new synonym of Parascela rugipennis (Tan, 1988) because of homonymy with Parascela tuberosa (Jacoby, 1887). Clisiterella Chen, 1940 is resurrected from synonyms of Iphimoides Jacoby, 1883 and considered as its subgenus. Iphimoides (Clisitherella) suturalis (Pic, 1928) (stat.nov.) is resurrected from synonyms of I. pallidulus (Jacoby, 1889) and transferred to subgenus Clisitherella, and the following names are considered as its synonyms: Clisitherella fukienensis Tan, 1983 (syn. nov), Clisitherella suturalis Chen, 1940 (syn. nov.), Iphimoides cheni L. Medvedev, 2001 (syn. nov.).


Assuntos
Besouros , Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Vietnã
15.
Zootaxa ; 4609(2): zootaxa.4609.2.12, 2019 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717115

RESUMO

A new omaliine genus and species from northern Vietnam, Prosoglypta alesenkae Shavrin Smetana gen. et sp. nov., is described and illustrated. The main morphological features of the new genus and its taxonomic relations with other genera of the tribe Omaliini MacLeay, 1825 are briefly discussed.


Assuntos
Besouros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Vietnã
16.
Zootaxa ; 4608(2): zootaxa.4608.2.10, 2019 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717153

RESUMO

Emesopsis konchurangensis sp. nov. (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Reduviidae: Emesinae: Ploiariolini) is described from central Vietnam as the fourth species of the genus in this country. A key to the Vietnamese species of Emesopsis is presented.


Assuntos
Heterópteros , Reduviidae , Triatoma , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Vietnã
17.
Zootaxa ; 4603(3): zootaxa.4603.3.10, 2019 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717220

RESUMO

A new species of cicada, Orientopsaltria dongnaiensis sp. nov., (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) is described from southern Vietnam. Photos of the adult, illustrations of the male genitalia, a distribution map and biological data are provided.


Assuntos
Hemípteros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Masculino , Vietnã
18.
Zootaxa ; 4602(1): zootaxa.4602.1.1, 2019 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717248

RESUMO

A review of female mutillids in southern Thailand is presented, based on literature, loaned material, and two field expeditions. Thirty-three species in 23 genera have been previously recorded from Thailand (Lelej 2005; Lelej et al. 2016, 2017; Okayasu et al. 2018). In March and April 2017, 337 female specimens were collected in the provinces of Krabi, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Phatthalung, Songkhla, and Trang. In May 2018, 255 female specimens were collected in the provinces of Kanchanaburi, Phetchaburi, and Surat Thani. These collected specimens were sorted into 38 morphospecies: 13 already known from Thailand, nine previously described species newly recorded from Thailand, and 16 new to science and described here. Based on loaned material, three more described species were newly recorded from southern Thailand and one more undescribed species was found. Keys to females of the 31 mutillid genera found in southeast Asia and 42 mutillid species studied from southern Thailand are provided. Illustrations and diagnoses are provided for each species studied in southern Thailand, including the following 17 new species: Bischoffitilla tokay Williams, Bischoffitilla cambrai Williams, Mickelomyrme puttasoki Williams, Mickelomyrme kinguri Williams, Nordeniella maleeae Williams, Smicromyrme helarctos Williams, Smicromyrme borkenti Williams, Smicromyrme thaochani Williams, Krombeinidia agricola Williams, Krombeinidia chang Williams, Krombeinidia baanmaka Williams, Orientidia manleyi Williams, Orientidia thoawanae Williams, Petersenidia modkhong Williams, Petersenidia leleji Williams, Trogaspidia pittsi Williams, and Trogaspidia wilsoni Williams. Three new synonyms and one new combination are recognized: Bischoffitilla lamellata (Mickel, 1933) = Squamulotilla arundinacea Pagden, 1934, syn. nov., Mickelomyrme pusillaeformis (Hammer, 1962), comb. nov. = Mickelomyrme yunnanensis Lelej, 1996, syn. nov., Trogaspidia pagdeni (Mickel, 1933) = Timulla (Trogaspidia) pagdeni nodoa Mickel, 1933, syn. nov. Finally, two other taxa are raised to full species from subspecies status, Eotrogaspidia oryzae (Pagden, 1934), status resurr., and Trogaspidia lingnani (Mickel, 1933), status nov. New combination is also proposed for Krombeinidia meeungensis (Cockerell, 1928), comb. nov. Twenty-three new country records are presented: 12 from Thailand, four from Vietnam, four from Laos, two from Cambodia, and one from Indonesia.


Assuntos
Formigas , Himenópteros , Animais , Camboja , Feminino , Indonésia , Laos , Tailândia , Vietnã
19.
Zootaxa ; 4695(6): zootaxa.4695.6.1, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719322

RESUMO

Sparsorythus is a genus of Tricorythidae from the Oriental Region. Sparsorythus multilabeculatus Sroka Soldán, 2008 was described based on a male imago from Vietnam. Unknown nymphs and female subimagines of Sparsorythus and male imagines of S. multilabeculatus were collected from Thap Lan National Park, Khon Buri District, Nakhon Ratchasima Province, Thailand. Nymphs and female subimagines of Sparsorythus were associated with male imagines of S. multilabeculatus by analyzing sequences from the DNA barcoding region of the mitochrondrial gene cytochrome oxidase I. Phylogenetic analysis based on Maximum Likelihood indicated that all unknown specimens are conspecific with male imagines of S. multilabeculatus (bootstrap 100% and genetic distance 0-0.004). Male and female nymphs, female subimago and egg are described for the first time. Nymphs each bear a medial emargination on the hypopharynx, one bristle-like process at the base of the left prostheca, and a bifurcate rudimentary gill on abdominal segment VII. The male usually has smudges and light blotches on its forewings; the penis extends to the basal segment of the forceps and reaches to approximately 1/3 of the second segment of the forceps. Forewings of the female subimago have dark colour over more than half of the basal area, and the distal portion of each wing is translucent. The egg has a rounded pole; the polar cap covers approximately 1/4 of the surface; and the surface is covered with hexagonal structures.


Assuntos
Ephemeroptera , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Feminino , Masculino , Filogenia , Tailândia , Vietnã
20.
Zootaxa ; 4691(3): zootaxa.4691.3.4, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719392

RESUMO

A new myzostome species, described here as Myzostoma khanhkhoaensis sp. nov., was collected in Nhatrang Bay, central Vietnam, during investigation of symbionts associated with crinoids. Myzostoma khanhkhoaensis sp. nov. was found only on Clarkcomanthus albinotus Rowe, Hoggett, Birtles Vail, 1986 in dense groups of up to 25 specimens. This species closely matches the colour pattern of the host by adjusting its cryptic colour and infects the distal part of crinoid arms, causing them to become curved. This is the first record of myzostomes that induce deformation of skeletal elements without the formation of galls or cysts. Morphologically M. khanhkhoaensis sp. nov. is close to M. cuniculus and M. pseudocuniculus but clearly differs from both of them by the shape of caudal blade and chaetae. Molecular-genetics analysis based on CO1, 16S and 18S DNA placed M. khanhkhoaensis sp. nov. in a clade including M. cuniculus, M. pseudocuniculus and M. indocuniculus.


Assuntos
Anelídeos , Baías , Animais , Equinodermos , Vietnã
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