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1.
Blood Adv ; 4(18): 4358-4361, 2020 09 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32926122
2.
Ann Hematol ; 99(11): 2629-2637, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32980890

RESUMO

Treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) requires the combination of multiple drugs to integrate a complete remission. The different prognostic factors (age, leukocytes, risk, cytogenetic alterations) allow identifying those patients with a high risk of relapse, but there are few described factors that impact the induction response. The objective was to identify the utility of different risk factors (overexpression of the ABCB1 drug resistance gene, favorable response to steroids (FRS) and early response at day + 8 of treatment) on the percentage of complete remissions and overall survival. This is a prospective, observational study in adult patients with B-ALL without specific cytogenetic alterations, who started induction treatment based on a pretreatment with prednisone and subsequently vincristine (1.6 mg/m2 subcutaneous) plus daunorubicin (45 mg/m2 subcutaneously) on days + 1, + 8, + 15. The ABCB1 resistance gene was evaluated at diagnosis, the FRS at the end of the pretreatment and the early response during day + 8. A total of 53 adult patients diagnosed with ALL Philadelphia negative chromosome (Ph-), with immunophenotype B, with a normal karyotype, were studied. Cases with genetic abnormalities with a poor prognosis were excluded in order to reduce bias. The mean age was 48 years (range 17-68 years). 62.3% of patients were at high risk of relapse. When analyzing the risk factors, 30.2% showed high levels of the ABCB1 resistance gene, without showing an impact on the induction response (OR: 1.218, p = 0.743), but its overexpression was associated with a poor response to steroids as in the absence of early response. Individually, both the FRS (OR: 5.7, p = 0.004) and the absence of early response to day + 8 (OR: 6.42, p = 0.002) showed significance. By combining the different factors, having more than 2 was directly related to a failure (OR: 9.514, p = 0.000). The identification of factors such as FRS such as the persistence of blasts at the end of the first week of treatment is useful to identify patients at risk of failure in induction.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Subfamília B de Transportador de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/biossíntese , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Daunorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/metabolismo , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Prednisolona/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Vincristina/administração & dosagem
3.
Ann Hematol ; 99(10): 2429-2436, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32839869

RESUMO

Patients receiving vinca alkaloids for hematological malignancies frequently experience constipation that is unresponsive to laxatives. Research on treatment of vinca alkaloid-induced constipation is limited. This study aimed to determine whether the chloride channel activator lubiprostone ameliorates vinca alkaloid-induced constipation in patients with hematological malignancies. In this retrospective cohort study, vinca alkaloid-induced constipation (grade ≥ 3 using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events) was investigated in patients treated for hematological malignancies between July 2014 and June 2019 who had already been prescribed osmotic laxatives and additionally received either a stimulant laxative or lubiprostone. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify the risk factors for persistent constipation after introduction of the second laxative. A propensity score model was used to match 67 patients taking a stimulant laxative and 67 treated with lubiprostone, and the occurrence of intractable constipation was compared between groups. Overall, 203 patients were included, among whom 50 (25%) had constipation. On multivariate analysis, body mass index, opioid use, and addition of lubiprostone were independently associated with constipation. Patients treated with lubiprostone were significantly less likely to experience intractable constipation than did those treated with stimulant laxatives (10% vs. 34%, P = 0.002). Moreover, post-constipation diarrhea was significantly less frequent among patients treated with lubiprostone (42% vs. 63%, P = 0.024). Lubiprostone was more effective than stimulant laxatives at treating vinca alkaloid-induced intractable constipation in patients with hematological malignancies, and its use could enable safe vinca alkaloid chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/efeitos adversos , Agonistas dos Canais de Cloreto/uso terapêutico , Constipação Intestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hematológicas/tratamento farmacológico , Lubiprostona/uso terapêutico , Linfoma/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Alcaloides de Vinca/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Constipação Intestinal/induzido quimicamente , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Avaliação de Medicamentos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Famotidina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Laxantes/farmacologia , Laxantes/uso terapêutico , Óxido de Magnésio/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Entorpecentes/efeitos adversos , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Pontuação de Propensão , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Senosídeos/uso terapêutico , Alcaloides de Vinca/administração & dosagem , Vincristina/administração & dosagem
4.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0238183, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32857815

RESUMO

Lymphoma (lymphosarcoma) is the second most frequent cancer in dogs and is clinically comparable to human non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Factors affecting canine lymphoma progression are unknown and complex, but there is evidence that genetic mutations play an important role. We employed Next Gen DNA sequencing of six dogs with multicentric B-cell lymphoma undergoing CHOP chemotherapy to identify genetic variations potentially impacting response. Paired samples from non-neoplastic tissue (blood mononuclear cells) and lymphoma were collected at the time of diagnosis. Cases with progression free survival above the median of 231 days were grouped as 'good' responders and cases below the median were categorized as 'poor' responders. The average number of variants found was 17,138 per case. The variants were filtered to examine those with predicted moderate or high impacts. Many of the genes with variants had human orthologs with links to cancer, but the majority of variants were not previously reported in canine or human lymphoma. Seven genes had variants found in the cancers of at least two 'poor' responders but in no 'good' responders: ATRNL1, BAIAP2L2, ZNF384, ST6GALNAC5, ENSCAFG00000030179 (human ortholog: riboflavin kinase RFK), ENSCAFG00000029320, and ENSCAFG00000007370 (human ortholog: immunoglobin IGKV4-1). Two genes had variants found in the cancers of at least two 'good' responders but in no 'poor' responders: COX18 and ENSCAFG00000030512. ENSCAFG00000030512 has no reported orthologue in any other species. The role of these mutations in the progression of canine lymphoma requires further functional analyses and larger scale study.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão/genética , Linfoma de Células B/veterinária , Animais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Doenças do Cão/tratamento farmacológico , Cães , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Variação Genética , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma de Células B/genética , Prednisolona/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
5.
Ann Hematol ; 99(10): 2377-2384, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32728938

RESUMO

This study investigated the prognostic value of 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-(OH)D) deficiency and the association between 25-(OH)D deficiency and c-Myc positivity in 208 newly diagnosed diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients. 25-(OH)D deficiency was defined as serum 25-(OH)D level lower than 52.5 nmol/L. Using cutoff values of 40%, positive tumor cells for c-Myc expression was established. One hundred forty-two patients had 25-(OH)D deficiency and 70 had c-Myc positivity with a median follow-up of 29 months (range, 16 to 49 months) in this cohort. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that 25-(OH)D deficiency was an independent prognostic predictor for inferior progression-free survival (PFS) (P = 0.001) and overall survival (OS) (P = 0.006), and c-Myc positivity was an unfavorable prognostic factor for PFS (P = 0.004). In addition, c-Myc positivity was more frequent in patients with 25-(OH)D deficiency (P = 0.027). Moreover, we found that the presence of c-Myc positivity could aggravate the adverse effects of 25-(OH)D deficiency for PFS time (P = 0.0045). 25-(OH)D deficiency together with IPI (IPI-D) improved the prognostic capacity compared with only IPI in predicting the risk of DLBCL which was assessed by the calculation of receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves and the areas under the curve (AUC). Noteworthy, c-Myc positivity combined with IPI-D was better than IPI-D in predicting PFS time. In summary, 25-(OH)D deficiency was a strong prognostic factor in DLBCL. Further multi-center prospective studies are needed to confirm the results and better understand the underlying mechanisms.


Assuntos
Genes myc , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/epidemiologia , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/biossíntese , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Área Sob a Curva , China/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Progressão da Doença , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/sangue , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Curva ROC , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Vitamina D/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/sangue , Adulto Jovem
6.
Ann Hematol ; 99(8): 1771-1778, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32601796

RESUMO

Mantle cell lymphoma has a dismal prognosis at relapse or in the refractory setting. Among therapies, mTor pathway targeting by temsirolimus has been the first strategy approved for relapse in Europe. While its efficacy in monotherapy has long been demonstrated, its use remains limited. In the T3 phase Ib clinical trial, we investigated the recommended dose of temsirolimus in association with R-CHOP (R-CHOP-T), or high-dose cytarabine plus rituximab (R-DHA-T), or fludarabine, cyclophosphamide plus rituximab (R-FC-T). From November 11, 2011 to February 26, 2015, forty-one patients were enrolled. Patients presented with high MIPI (47.5%) at relapse and a median number of treatments of 1 (1-3). Patients were treated by R-CHOP-T (n = 10), R-FC-T (n = 14), or R-DHA-T (n = 17) according to the choice of local investigators. The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was 15 mg in the R-CHOP-T arm and has not been determined in other treatment arms because of toxicities. All patients experienced ≥ Grade 3 adverse events, mainly thrombocytopenia (76%). Twenty-six patients discontinued prematurely the treatment, mostly for toxicity (n = 12) and progression of the disease (n = 8). Of note, 6 patients of the R-DHA-T arm reached complete remission (35%). Temsirolimus with immuno-chemotherapy is associated with a high rate of toxicities. Determination of MTD could only be achieved for R-CHOP-T arm. Associations between temsirolimus and other targeted therapies may be warranted for R/R MCL patients.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Imunoterapia , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/terapia , Sirolimo/análogos & derivados , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Sirolimo/administração & dosagem , Sirolimo/efeitos adversos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Trombocitopenia/induzido quimicamente , Trombocitopenia/mortalidade , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Vincristina/efeitos adversos
8.
Ann Hematol ; 99(8): 1823-1831, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32577843

RESUMO

Although overall survival in diffuse large B cell lymphomas (DLBCL) has improved, central nervous system (CNS) relapse is still a fatal complication of DLBCL. For this reason, CNS prophylaxis is recommended for patients at high risk of CNS disease. However, no consensus exists on definition of high-risk patient and optimal CNS prophylaxis. Systemic high-dose methotrexate in combination with R-CHOP has been suggested as a potential prophylactic method, since methotrexate penetrates the blood-brain barrier and achieves high concentration in the CNS. In this retrospective analysis, we report treatment outcome of 95 high-risk DLBCL/FL grade 3B patients treated with R-CHOP or its derivatives with (N = 57) or without (N = 38) CNS prophylaxis. At a median follow-up time (51 months), CNS relapses were detected in twelve patients (12.6%). Ten out of twelve (83%) of CNS events were confined to CNS system only. Median overall survival after CNS relapse was 9 months. Five-year isolated CNS relapse rates were 5% in the prophylaxis group and 26% in the group without prophylaxis. These findings suggest that high-dose methotrexate-containing prophylaxis decreases the risk of CNS failure.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/prevenção & controle , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/prevenção & controle , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/mortalidade , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Recidiva , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Vincristina/administração & dosagem
10.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 146(11): 2995-3002, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32524293

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Comorbidity and relative dose intensity (RDI) have been associated with survival in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients, but both relationships remain unaddressed in the same patients. METHODS: A retrospective review of consecutive DLBCL patients treated from January 2010 to October 2018 was performed. Data for the clinical characteristics of the patients, including the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) and RDI, on their outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 211 patients with a median age of 72 years (range 19-90 years) were analyzed. CCI ≥ 2 was associated with poor event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS). RDI < 70% was associated with worse EFS and OS. A multivariate analysis revealed that RDI < 70% was only a poor risk factor for the reduction of OS in elderly DLBCL patients (65 years <) and independent from the presence of CCI. The relationship between CCI and RDI in elderly patients was analyzed in four groups, based on CCI ≥ 2 or less and RDI ≥ 70% or less. The group with CCI ≥ 2 and RDI < 70% had a poorer OS and EFS, as compared to the other three groups. The group with CCI < 2 and RDI ≥ 70% had a superior OS but an identical EFS, as compared to the two groups with CCI < 2 and RDI < 70% and CCI ≥ 2 and RDI ≥ 70%. CONCLUSIONS: CCI ≥ 2 was associated with a poorer outcome, but maintaining RDI ≥ 70% may improve the outcome, especially in elderly DLBCL patients.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comorbidade , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Adulto Jovem
11.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 16(1): 1-6, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32362601

RESUMO

Background: Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) can be treated with combined modality treatment (CMT) to limit long-term toxicities in the early favorable stage. Early unfavorable and advanced stage HL is mainly treated with chemotherapy followed by radiation to the bulky site. This study examines the impact of CMT in early as well as advanced stage HL. Materials and Methods: From 2001 to 2011, 125 patients with Stage I to IV HL were analyzed. Median age of the patients was 25 years (range 12-68 years). CMT, chemotherapy, and radiation alone were given to 51, 64, and 10 patients, respectively. Chemotherapy with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) was given to 100 patients, 6 patients received ABVD-like regimen, and 9 patients received cyclophosphamide, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone regimen. Radiotherapy (RT) was given to 61 (49%) patients, involved field RT to 55 (90%), and extended-field RT to 6 (10%) patients, respectively. Median radiation dose was 30 Gy (18-40 Gy). Results: All 25 patients with early-stage achieved complete response (CR) with CMT. At a median follow-up of 70 months (range 12-230 months), relapse was seen in two patients (1 local and 1 distant). Of 26 patients with advanced stage, 25 achieved a CR and 1 had stable disease with CMT. Relapse occurred in one patient (distant). In patients with early-stage treated with chemotherapy only ( n = 30, 24%), 9 patients had relapse (4 local and 5 distant) while in those with RT only ( n = 10, 8%), 4 developed distant relapse. In patients with advanced stage treated with chemotherapy only ( n = 34, 27%), 8 relapsed (5 local and distant, 3 distant only). Patients with relapse were salvaged with CMT ( n = 6), chemotherapy ( n = 15), or RT ( n = 3). Two patients have died. Five years' disease-free survival (DFS) in patients with early favorable stage, early unfavorable stage, and advanced stage was 91%, 82%, and 73%, respectively ( P = 0.026). DFS was significantly better with CMT than chemotherapy or radiation alone. Five years' overall survival (OS) was 93%, 92%, and 84%, respectively ( P = 0.139). Second malignancy occurred in 3 (2.4%) patients; carcinoma of the tongue, pseudomyxoma peritonei, and non-HL each, respectively. None of these patients had received prior radiation. Conclusion: CMT improved DFS in patients with HL. OS was similar in all patients irrespective of treatment combinations. The incidence of second malignancy was 2.4%.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Doença de Hodgkin/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Radioterapia/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Bleomicina/administração & dosagem , Criança , Terapia Combinada , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Dacarbazina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Doença de Hodgkin/mortalidade , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Procarbazina/administração & dosagem , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Vimblastina/administração & dosagem , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Adulto Jovem
12.
Br J Haematol ; 190(1): e1-e3, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32379903
13.
Ann Hematol ; 99(7): 1595-1604, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32417940

RESUMO

Follicular lymphoma (FL) is an indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with heterogeneous outcomes. Progression or relapse of FL within 2 years (so-called POD24) after diagnosis is associated with a poor outcome for patients treated with R-CHOP (rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone) in clinical trials. POD24 needs further validation before it can be used as a relevant endpoint to assess treatment efficacy. In the present retrospective monocentric study, we investigated the predictive value of POD24 in a cohort of grade 1, 2, or 3a FL patients treated in our institution (Nantes Medical University, France) and registered in our local database. We investigated the nature of treatment lines, patients' outcomes, and the prognostic value of POD24. Between 2007 and 2016, 317 patients were included. After first-line therapy, 60 patients relapsed within 2 years (POD24-pos cohort), and 254 patients did not relapse within 2 years (PO24-neg cohort). Thirty-three patients died, and 34 patients had an aggressive transformation. The median follow-up is 59.9 months (1.6-395.5). The median PFS is 59.9 months. Overall survival (OS) at 1 year, 3 years, and 5 years is 98.4% [97.0-99.8], 95.1% [92.6-97.6], and 92.5% [89.3-95.9], respectively. The 5-year OS was statistically lower for POD24-pos patients (82% [71.9-93.5]) than for POD24-neg patients (93.3% [88.98-97.8]) (p = 10-5). In multivariate analyses, transformation was predictive of OS, and PS (≥ 1) was predictive of POD24. POD24 is predictive of a worse OS and may be recommended as a relevant endpoint in clinical trials and in real life in particular for patients with advanced disease.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Linfoma Folicular/diagnóstico , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Estudos de Coortes , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Progressão da Doença , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/mortalidade , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/administração & dosagem
14.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 67(7): e28259, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32400949
15.
Ann Hematol ; 99(9): 2095-2104, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32440790

RESUMO

Secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare but fatal condition with various underlying disorders in adult patients and is diagnosed based on the HLH-2004 criteria, which were established based on experience in pediatric patients. However, few studies have prospectively evaluated the treatment outcomes and diagnostic performance of HLH criteria in adult patients with secondary HLH. Thus, we performed a single-center, prospective cohort study of adult patients with suspected HLH, and we analyzed treatment outcomes of patients enrolled between 2017 and 2019 as an interim analysis ( ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03117010). Of the 73 patients with suspected HLH, 70 patients completed the evaluation for ≥ 7 of the HLH-2004 criteria, and 55 patients were diagnosed with HLH (55/73, 75%). Although serum ferritin and fever had a sensitivity of more than 90%, both had exceptionally low specificity, whereas soluble CD25 had a sensitivity of more than 90% and specificity of 80%. Forty patients with malignancy-associated HLH had B cell (n = 19) or T- or NK-cell (n = 21) lymphoid malignancy, whereas 15 patients had non-malignant disorders. Non-malignancy-associated HLH had greater than 90% 1-year overall survival (OS) after diagnosis of HLH, whereas that for malignancy-associated HLH was less than 40%. In conclusion, our study showed promising treatment outcomes for patients enrolled in our prospective cohort study, and prospectively demonstrated the diagnostic performance of the HLH-2004 criteria in adult patients with suspected HLH. Given that lymphoma was the most common cause of HLH in adults, thorough evaluation for lymphoma should be performed in adults with suspected HLH.


Assuntos
Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/sangue , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/diagnóstico , Admissão do Paciente/tendências , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Estudos de Coortes , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Adulto Jovem
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(19): e19962, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32384445

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: After tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) targeting BCR-ABL1 were introduced for the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia, clinical outcomes have improved dramatically. However, together with the increase in the survival rate, a more frequent occurrence of secondary malignancies has been observed as well. TKIs have been demonstrated to be a risk factor of malignancies such as non-Hodgkin lymphoma, prostate cancer, and skin cancer. However, lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL) has never been reported as a secondary malignancy after TKI treatment in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). PATIENT CONCERNS: An 81-year-old male patient diagnosed with CML and treated with TKIs for a long period (15 years) was admitted due to a chief complaint of abdominal pain. A large abdominal mass was detected by imaging that included computed tomography. DIAGNOSIS: LPL was confirmed from biopsies after ultrasonography and sigmoidoscopy. Serum IgM level was increased and M protein and monoclonal gammopathy, IgM_kappa light chain type were detected. INTERVENTIONS: The patient received six cycles of R-CHOP chemotherapy. OUTCOMES: After chemotherapy, he showed response. The sizes of the abdominal mass and lymph nodes decreased; moreover, serum M protein and IgM levels decreased, as well. CONCLUSION: Herein, for the first time, we describe a patient who developed LPL as a secondary malignancy after administration of TKIs for the treatment of CML. Our observations indicate the importance of awareness of this secondary malignancy that can develop in CML patients treated with TKIs.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/antagonistas & inibidores , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Segunda Neoplasia Primária , Macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Biópsia/métodos , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Masculino , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/sangue , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/tratamento farmacológico , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/etiologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/patologia , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Radiografia Abdominal/métodos , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom/sangue , Macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom/tratamento farmacológico , Macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom/etiologia , Macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom/patologia
17.
Ann Hematol ; 99(7): 1605-1613, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32451709

RESUMO

Second primary diffuse large B cell lymphoma (spDLBCL) is defined as a metachronous tumor occurring after a first primary cancer. To date, while R-CHOP is the standard first-line treatment for de novo DLBCL, no available data show that R-CHOP is the optimal treatment for spDLBCL. This exploratory study aimed to investigate treatment of spDLBCL. From 2008 to 2015, the Poitou-Charentes general cancer registry recorded 68 cases of spDLBCL ≤ 80 years old, having received a first-line treatment with either R-CHOP (78%) or other regimens (22%). Patients without R-CHOP have worse overall survival in univariate (HR 2.89 [1.33-6.24], P = 0.007) and multivariate (HR 2.98 [1.34-6.67], P = 0.008) analyses. Patients without R-CHOP more frequently had PS > 1 (67% vs. 28%, P = 0.007) and prior chemotherapy (60% vs. 26%, P = 0.02), which suggests that both of these factors influence a clinician's decision to not use R-CHOP. Prior chemotherapy had no prognostic impact in univariate and multivariate analyses; this result could call into question the risk-benefit balance of not using R-CHOP to prevent toxicity. In our study, one DLBCL out of ten occurred after a first primary cancer, and as regards de novo DLBCL, R-CHOP appeared to be the best first-line treatment. Larger series are needed to confirm these results.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/classificação , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Terapia Neoadjuvante/estatística & dados numéricos , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/diagnóstico , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/epidemiologia , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(6): 104798, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32249205

RESUMO

This is an extremely rare reported case of intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL) presenting with acute hemorrhages and numerous microbleeds. An 80-year-old man presented with consciousness disturbances after convulsion. Computed tomography revealed multiple hemorrhages, and susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) demonstrated numerous microbleeds. Brain biopsy showed CD20-positive cells in small vessels; accordingly, IVLBCL was diagnosed. IVLBCL should be considered as a differential diagnosis in multiple cerebral hemorrhages and microbleeds.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Cerebral/etiologia , Hematoma/etiologia , Linfoma de Células B/complicações , Neoplasias Vasculares/complicações , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos CD20/análise , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Biópsia , Hemorragia Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragia Cerebral/patologia , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Hematoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Hematoma/patologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Linfoma de Células B/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfoma de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma de Células B/patologia , Masculino , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias Vasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Vasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Vasculares/patologia , Vincristina/administração & dosagem
19.
Hematol Oncol ; 38(3): 318-325, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32239673

RESUMO

Infections during first-line therapy for DLBCL are often associated with chemotherapy dose reductions and increased mortality. Systemic infections have also been suggested as beneficial promotors of immunological responses. However, whether there is an association between the timing of an infectious episode and outcome during treatment has not yet been clarified. We investigated how the occurrence and timing of infectious episodes during the first line of treatment for "de novo" DLBCL influenced patient outcome. We used data on DLBCL patients from the Danish Lymphoma Registry, the Danish National Patient Registry, and the Danish National Pathology Registry. Infections were categorized according to type (ICD-10) and time of occurrence after treatment start. "Early" infections were defined as occurring between days 7 and 42 and "late" infections between days 100 and 150 from treatment start. Patients experiencing both "early and late" infections were categorized separately. We used multivariable Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier estimates to assess the association between infections and survival adjusting for NCCN-IPI, sex, comorbidity, and rituximab treatment. We identified 3546 patients, median age 65 years (IQR 56,73). Infectious episodes occurred in 1171 (33%) patients, of which 666 had "early," 303 "late," and 202 both "early and late" events. Patients without registered infections had a 5-year overall survival (OS) rates of 74%. Those with "early," "late," or "early+late" had 5-year OS of 65%, 62%, and 53%, respectively. Compared with patients without any registered infections, hazard rate ratios (HR) were 1.24 (95% CI 1.05-1.47), 1.32 (95% CI 1.06-1.63), and 1.59 (95% CI 1.27-2.00), respectively, in the multivariable model. We observed that infectious episodes during first-line treatment for "de novo" DLBCL occurred in 44% of the patients. Irrespective of timing, patients with infectious episodes had an inferior outcome compared to those without. Outcome patterns were similar for patients registered with sepsis.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Infecções/mortalidade , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Infecções/induzido quimicamente , Infecções/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Taxa de Sobrevida , Vincristina/administração & dosagem
20.
Ann Hematol ; 99(6): 1283-1291, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32333154

RESUMO

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) positivity in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) provokes a critical oncogenic mechanism to activate intracellular signaling by LMP1. LMP1 specifically mimics the role of BTK-dependent B cell receptor. Therefore, a trial considering RCHOP therapy along with ibrutinib (I-RCHOP) in combination was conducted among patients with EBV-positive DLBCL. This study was an open-label, single-arm, prospective multicenter phase II clinical trial. Patients received 560 mg of ibrutinib with RCHOP every 3 weeks until 6 cycles were completed or progression or unacceptable toxicity was observed. The primary endpoint was objective response, while secondary endpoints included toxicity, progression-free survival, and overall survival. A matched case-control analysis was completed to compare the efficacy and toxicity of I-RCHOP and RCHOP, respectively, in EBV-positive DLBCL patients. From September 2016 to August 2019, 24 patients proven to have EBV-positive DLBCL in the tissue were enrolled and received I-RCHOP. Their median age was 58 years (range, 28-84 years). The objective overall response was 66.7%, including 16 patients who achieved complete response after 6 cycles. Patients aged younger than 65 years presented a superior OR (87.5%) as compared with those older than 65 years (25.0%; p = 0.01). In a matched case-control study, I-RCHOP therapy provoked a more favorable complete response rate (87.3%) than did RCHOP (68.8%) in those younger than 65 years. Treatment-related mortality was linked most frequently with I-RCHOP therapy (four patients presented with unusual infection without Gr3/4 neutropenia) in the older age group (age ≥ 65 years). In conclusion, in this phase II trial for EBV-positive DLBCL, I-RCHOP was effective but did not show a significant improvement in response and survival in comparison with RCHOP. Also, I-RCHOP promoted serious toxicity and treatment-related death in older patients.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/epidemiologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/epidemiologia , Pirazóis/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/diagnóstico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Vincristina/administração & dosagem
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