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1.
Nat Hum Behav ; 3(12): 1284-1294, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31548680

RESUMO

Recent innovation in domestic violence (DV) treatment suggests that when a batterer intervention programme (BIP) is combined with clinical elements, including motivational or readiness to change strategies, subsequent incidents of violence can be reduced. Prompted by previous research on restorative justice in reducing recidivism in crimes other than DV, a randomized controlled trial in Utah, USA, compared a typical BIP with one that included restorative justice-informed treatment, called circles of peace (CP). The findings reveal that the 'hybrid' BIP-plus-CP resulted in statistically significant reductions in both new arrests (53%) and crime severity scores (52%) for all offences, including DV, over a 24-month period. We conclude that a hybrid BIP-plus-CP programme should be considered as a viable treatment option for DV offenders. Implications for DV victims are discussed, as are the study's limitations, including the fact that some elements typical of restorative justice programmes could not be attained in this DV context.


Assuntos
Direito Penal/métodos , Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , Reincidência/prevenção & controle , Justiça Social , Adulto , Atitude , Currículo , Educação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Utah , Adulto Jovem
2.
Int J Ment Health Nurs ; 28(5): 1206-1216, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441998

RESUMO

Aotearoa New Zealand's high rates of intimate partner violence (IPV) and child abuse and neglect point to a clear need to develop and resource equitable mental health and addiction practices that are responsive both to people experiencing and using violence, and to their families. Current responses to IPV in mental health and addiction settings in Aotearoa New Zealand require a critical re-framing, from an individualistic autonomy and empowerment framework that constrains practitioners' practice, to an understanding IPV as a form of social entrapment. Using a composite story constructed from 28 in-depth New Zealand family violence death reviews, we highlight current problematic practice and discuss alternative responses that could create safer lives for people and families. Re-framing IPV as a form of social entrapment acknowledges it as a complex social problem that requires collective steps to secure people's safety and well-being. Importantly, a social entrapment framework encompasses interpersonal and structural forms of violence, such as the historical and intergenerational trauma of colonization and links to ongoing structural inequities for Maori (the indigenous people of Aotearoa) in Aotearoa New Zealand.


Assuntos
Violência Doméstica , Adulto , Criança , Abuso Sexual na Infância/prevenção & controle , Abuso Sexual na Infância/psicologia , Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , Violência Doméstica/psicologia , Feminino , Homicídio/prevenção & controle , Homicídio/psicologia , Humanos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/prevenção & controle , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Masculino , Serviços de Saúde Mental , Nova Zelândia , Segurança
3.
BJOG ; 126 Suppl 4: 50-57, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257691

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a counselling intervention in antenatal care settings for pregnant women who report domestic violence. DESIGN: Pre-experimental study with pretest-posttest design. SETTINGS: Two public hospitals in Mumbai, India. SAMPLE: In all, 2778 pregnant women accessing antenatal care (ANC) in the hospitals from February to November 2016 were approached for study participation; 2515 women consented. These women were screened by trained counsellors for domestic violence during pregnancy (domestic violence during pregnancy). Domestic violence during pregnancy was reported by 16.2% (408) of women. Of these, 155 women sought counselling services. Post-intervention analyses were carried out with 142 women at 6 weeks post-delivery; 13 women were not contactable. METHODS: The 442 women who reported domestic violence during pregnancy were provided a minimum of two counselling sessions by trained counsellors during their ANC visits. A counselling intake form was used to collect pre- and post-intervention data. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence of domestic violence during pregnancy, change in women's ability to cope, safety, and health. RESULTS: Prevalence of domestic violence during pregnancy (16.1%) was comparable to those of common obstetric complications routinely screened for during ANC. In all, 60-65% women reported cognitive changes such as recognising impact of violence and need to speak out against it. In all, 50.7% women took action at the individual level to address domestic violence during pregnancy. This change was not statistically significant (P-value 0.193). Of the women studied, 35.9% adopted at least one safety measure, and 84% of the women reported better health status post-intervention. CONCLUSIONS: Routine enquiry and counselling for domestic violence during pregnancy are effective in improving women's ability to cope, safety, and health. FUNDING: This study was funded by The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Improving coping strategies, safety and health of pregnant women who reported domestic violence by providing counselling in antenatal care setting.


Assuntos
Aconselhamento , Violência Doméstica/psicologia , Gestantes/psicologia , Cuidado Pré-Natal/psicologia , Adulto , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , Violência Doméstica/estatística & dados numéricos , Família/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Projetos Piloto , Período Pós-Parto/psicologia , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
4.
Reprod Health ; 16(1): 93, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262331

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: One in three women experience intimate partner violence worldwide, according to many primary studies. However, systematic review and meta-analysis of intimate partner violence is very limited. Therefore, we set to summarize the findings of existing primary studies to generate evidence for informed decisions to tackle domestic violence against women in low and lower-middle income countries. METHODS: Studies were searched from main databases (Medline via PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, PopLine and Web of Science), Google scholar and other relevant sources using electronic and manual techniques. Published and unpublished studies written in English and conducted among women aged (15-49 years) from 1994 to 2017 were eligible. Data were extracted independently by two authors, and recorded in Microsoft Excel sheet. Heterogeneity between included studies was assessed using I2, and publication bias was explored using visual inspection of funnel plot. Statistical analysis was carried out to determine the pooled prevalence using Comprehensive Meta-Analysis software. In addition, sub-group analysis was carried out by study-setting and types of intimate partner violence. RESULTS: Fifty two studies were included in the systematic review. Of these, 33 studies were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled prevalence of lifetime intimate partner violence was 55% (95% CI: 52, 59%). Of these, main categories were lifetime physical violence [39% (95% CI: 33, 45%); psychological violence [45% (95% CI: 40, 52%)] and sexual violence [20% (95% CI: 17, 23%)]. Furthermore, the pooled prevalence of current intimate partner violence was 38% (95% CI: 34, 43%). Of these, physical violence [25% (95% CI: 21, 28%)]; psychological violence [30% (95% CI: 24, 36%)] and sexual violence [7.0% (95% CI: 6.6, 7.5%)] were the pooled prevalence for the major types of intimate partner violence. In addition, concurrent intimate partner violence was 13% (95% CI: 12, 15%). Individual, relationship, community and societal level factors were associated with intimate partner violence. Traditional community gender-norm transformation, stakeholders' engagement, women's empowerment, intervention integration and policy/legal framework were highly recommended interventions to prevent intimate partner violence. CONCLUSION: Lifetime and current intimate partner violence is common and unacceptably high. Therefore, concerned bodies will need to design and implement strategies to transform traditional gender norms, engage stakeholders, empower women and integrate service to prevent violence against women. PROTOCOL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO: 2017: CRD42017079977 .


Assuntos
Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , Violência de Gênero/prevenção & controle , Países em Desenvolvimento , Violência Doméstica/psicologia , Feminino , Violência de Gênero/psicologia , Humanos
6.
Gac. méd. espirit ; 21(1)Ene-Abr 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-998615

RESUMO

La violencia intrafamiliar afecta a niveles crecientes la salud física, psicoemocional y social de quienes la sufren.Sistematizar el comportamiento de este fenómeno en la actualidad.El trabajo tuvo como base la búsqueda bibliográfica y los resultados de investigaciones con familias cubanas. Se enfoca en las generalidades sobre la violencia intrafamiliar, la violencia intrafamiliar como problema de salud, la violencia intrafamiliar en los diferentes contextos socioculturales y se proponen orientaciones generales para su prevención, útiles para la labor asistencial, investigativa y docente de los profesionales de la salud(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , Violência Doméstica/psicologia
8.
BMJ Open ; 9(2): e024519, 2019 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30813116

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Family violence (FV) is a widespread public health problem of epidemic proportions and serious consequences. Doctors may be the first or only point of contact for victims who may be hesitant or unable to seek other sources of assistance, and they tend not to disclose abuse to doctors if not specifically asked. A comprehensive healthcare response is key to a coordinated community-wide approach to FV, but most of the practising physicians have received either no or insufficient education or training in any aspect of FV. Training of medical students concerning FV is often delivered in an inconsistent or ad hoc manner.The main aim of this project, Family Violence Curricula in Europe (FAVICUE), is to (1) describe current FV education delivery in European medical universities (undergraduate period) and during the specialist training in general practice (GP)/family medicine (FM) (postgraduate residency programme), and (2) compare it with WHO recommendations for FV curriculum. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is the protocol of a cross-sectional descriptive study consisting of two self-report online surveys (for undergraduate and postgraduate training, respectively) with 40 questions each. For both surveys, general practitioners, residents, medical students and professionals involved in their education from countries of the European region will be identified through the European Regional Branch of the World Organization of National Colleges, Academies and Academic Associations of General Practitioners/Family Physicians (WONCA Europe) and will be invited to provide information regarding the training on FV. Descriptive tests will be carried out and a thematic analysis will be conducted on the open-ended questions. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethics approval has been obtained by the University of Luxembourg (ERP 17-015 FAVICUE). The results will provide important information concerning current curricula on FV, and can be used for mapping the educational needs and planning the implementation of future training interventions. They will be published and disseminated through WONCA Europe and its networks.


Assuntos
Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , Educação Médica/métodos , Protocolos Clínicos , Estudos Transversais , Currículo , Educação Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Europa (Continente) , Medicina Geral/educação , Medicina Geral/métodos , Humanos , Estudantes de Medicina , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Law Hum Behav ; 43(3): 278-289, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30920235

RESUMO

Beginning with the original drug court model, specialized court programs (SCPs) have expanded to address a variety of offense-related problems, such as domestic violence courts, mental health courts, veteran courts, and homeless courts. To date, there has been no empirical assessment as to whether these types of court programs share similar program characteristics with the drug court model. To address this gap, we used data from the 2012 Census of Problem-Solving Courts of 2,793 problem-solving court programs in the United States to examine differences between drug courts and other court types. We used multinomial logistic regression to analyze program-level characteristics between SCPs and drug courts. SCPs were similar on several key characteristics to drug courts, such as specialization and services, staff training, and procedures. Where SCPs tend to differ were whether felony offenders were allowed, charges dismissed after program completion, and participants entering the program post-adjudication. Though they may go by different names, many SCPs continue to rely on the original drug court model. Future research within the drug court paradigm should consider expanding to other types of SCPs to provide more comprehensive knowledge on the "black box" of problem-solving courts and how courts can more effectively implement court programs. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Crime/prevenção & controle , Função Jurisdicional , Resolução de Problemas/classificação , Desenvolvimento de Programas , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Censos , Coleta de Dados , Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , Tráfico de Drogas/prevenção & controle , Pessoas em Situação de Rua , Modelos Logísticos , Transtornos Mentais/prevenção & controle , Estados Unidos , Veteranos
10.
Curr Psychiatry Rep ; 21(3): 13, 2019 02 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30788614

RESUMO

RECENT FINDINGS: In homicide-suicide (HS), a perpetrator kills at least one victim and then commits suicide within a time frame, which is not consistently described in the literature. Most HS happen in an intimate partner relationship (HS-IP), but data about this phenomenon are still scant and poorly systematized. PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To assess the research papers published about HS-IP from 2012 to 2018 in Pubmed and Scopus. Article selection followed the PRISMA flow diagram. Information was extracted from the selected articles and tabulated. The 22 eligible articles focusing on different types of HS, including HS-IP, suggest that HS-IPs are predominantly committed by men, usually married, cohabiting, or recently separated from their partner, with a medium-low employment status; the victim is usually the current or former female partner. Heterogenity of HS makes it difficult to generalize the results. Implications emerge for the need to target domestic violence and firearm regulation.


Assuntos
Violência Doméstica , Homicídio , Parceiros Sexuais , Suicídio , Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , Violência Doméstica/psicologia , Violência Doméstica/estatística & dados numéricos , Armas de Fogo/legislação & jurisprudência , Homicídio/prevenção & controle , Homicídio/psicologia , Homicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Suicídio/prevenção & controle , Suicídio/psicologia , Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
Curr Psychiatry Rep ; 21(2): 12, 2019 02 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30734100

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We discuss recent evidence around the identification and response to domestic and sexual violence in primary care for perpetrators and victims, in the context of feminist social media movements such as #MeToo. RECENT FINDINGS: There is no recent research on identification and response to perpetrators in health settings. There is some limited recent evidence for how health settings can address domestic and sexual violence for female victims and their children. Recent studies of mixed quality focus on advocacy and empowerment, integrated interventions (with alcohol and drug misuse) and couples counselling for domestic violence and cognitive behavioural or processing therapy for sexual violence. Further research on perpetrator interventions in primary care is urgent. Larger sample sizes and a focus on sexual violence are needed to develop the evidence base for female survivors. Clinicians need to ask about violence and provide a first-line response depending on the patient's needs.


Assuntos
Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Delitos Sexuais/prevenção & controle , Terapia de Casal , Violência Doméstica/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Delitos Sexuais/psicologia
12.
J Inj Violence Res ; 11(1): 21-28, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30635997

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Female Sex workers (FSWs) are a marginalized group. Although some studies have shown various types of violence against sex workers, it is a subject which needs more in-depth knowledge. METHODS: This is a conventional content study conducted on 18 street sex workers in Shiraz, Iran. RESULTS: The present study observed that sex workers had extensive experience in five forms of violence: physical, barbaric, psychological, sexual, deception and robbery. Moreover, violence was deep-rooted in their previous experiences prior to becoming a prostitute, leading to the formation of yet another type of violence, called hidden slavery with male or female pimps. CONCLUSIONS: To improve the general health of this group, it is recommended that they be supported by social institutions and be provided with psychological consultations.


Assuntos
Violência de Gênero , Trabalho Sexual/psicologia , Profissionais do Sexo , Decepção , Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , Violência Doméstica/psicologia , Escravização/prevenção & controle , Escravização/psicologia , Feminino , Violência de Gênero/prevenção & controle , Violência de Gênero/psicologia , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Abuso Físico/prevenção & controle , Abuso Físico/psicologia , Sistemas de Apoio Psicossocial , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Delitos Sexuais/prevenção & controle , Delitos Sexuais/psicologia , Trabalho Sexual/legislação & jurisprudência , Comportamento Sexual
13.
BMC Int Health Hum Rights ; 19(1): 1, 2019 01 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30616568

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Violence against women is a major human rights and public health issue globally. The experience of violence affects women across Australia, including the large number of migrant and refugee women who permanently or temporarily resettle in the country. Many women who experience violence find it difficult to access support, and evidence suggests women who have resettled in Australia face additional barriers to violence-specific services. Previous research, however, indicates many migrant and refugee women experiencing violence have contact with, and may disclose violence to, settlement and multicultural services. There has been limited research documenting current knowledge of, and practices by, settlement and multicultural services in relation to violence. The MuSeS project will address this knowledge gap and identify strategies settlement and multicultural services can use to better support women experiencing violence. METHODS: This mixed methods research project will be conducted in six geographic communities across three Australian states: South Australia, Tasmania and Victoria. The different migration and resettlement patterns seen in these jurisdictions will enable generation of data relevant to settings across the country. The project has been designed in consultation with partner organisations from the settlement and multicultural service sector to ensure the research addresses their concerns and priorities. A mix of quantitative and qualitative methods will be used to generate rich data to inform strategies for settlement and multicultural services to better support women experiencing violence. These methods include an anonymous online survey of settlement and multicultural service providers to assess current knowledge, practices and professional development needs; in-depth interviews with settlement, multicultural and specialist (refugee) mental health service providers; in-depth interviews with refugee women; and focus group discussions with frontline workers and volunteers working with settlement and multicultural services. DISCUSSION: Findings from this two-year research project will generate an in-depth understanding of the current and potential role of Australian settlement and multicultural services in supporting migrant and refugee women experiencing violence, and inform strategies to strengthen services' capacity to appropriately respond. Given the prevalence of violence against women globally, findings will be useful for services engaging with migrant and refugee populations around the world.


Assuntos
Diversidade Cultural , Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Refugiados/psicologia , Migrantes/psicologia , Adulto , Austrália , Competência Cultural , Violência Doméstica/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Serviços de Saúde Mental , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 69(1): 53-57, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30623912

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine women's exposure to domestic violence, it's affecting factors and coping methods. METHODS: The descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted from September to December 2017 and comprised married women living in Kesan, a district in the Turkish province of Edirne. A self-generated questionnaire was used to gather sociodemographic data and women's exposure to domestic violence. SPSS 16 was used to analyse data. RESULTS: Of the 586 subjects, 321(55%) were aged up to 40 years, while 265(45%) were aged 41 years or more. Domestic violence was reported by 156(26.6%) women. Beating ranked first among physical violence behavior reported by 83(14.2%) subjects. Name-calling and yelling ranked first among verbal violence behaviour reported by 118(20.1%). Keeping women at a certain distance rankedfirst among emotional violence behaviour, reported by 95(16.2%). Not purchasing the fundamental needs of the home ranked first among the economic violence behaviour, reported by 38(6.5%). Finally, 14(2.4%) reported being physically forced to engage in a sexual act, which ranked first among sexual violence behaviour. From among the women abused, 114(66.7%) women said violence occurred because of the instant anger of their partners, and 69(44.2%)said they did not apply to any officialinstitution for help. CONCLUSIONS: Women preferred to remain silent about domestic violence. There is a need to introduce urgent prevention programmes to end domestic violence.


Assuntos
Mulheres Maltratadas/psicologia , Violência Doméstica , Exposição à Violência/psicologia , Abuso Físico , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , Violência Doméstica/psicologia , Violência Doméstica/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Abuso Físico/prevenção & controle , Abuso Físico/psicologia , Abuso Físico/estatística & dados numéricos , Resiliência Psicológica , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Turquia/epidemiologia , Saúde da Mulher/normas
15.
Gerontologist ; 59(4): 601-609, 2019 07 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29190372

RESUMO

Elder mistreatment (EM) is a public health problem that harms millions of older Americans each year. Despite growing recognition of its occurrence, there are no evidence-based primary prevention programs. Although EM is distinct from other areas of family violence, including child maltreatment and intimate partner violence, common risk factors and theoretical underpinnings point to opportunities for prevention strategies. Drawing on evidence-based best practices found in other fields of family violence, we identify approaches that could be tested to prevent EM at the hands of family caregivers, who are among the most likely to commit mistreatment. Specifically, we examine home visiting approaches primarily used in the child maltreatment field and identify components that have potential to inform EM interventions, including prevention. We conclude that there is enough information to begin testing a prevention intervention for EM that targets caregivers.


Assuntos
Maus-Tratos Infantis/prevenção & controle , Maus-Tratos ao Idoso/prevenção & controle , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/prevenção & controle , Prevenção Primária , Idoso , Cuidadores/psicologia , Criança , Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , Maus-Tratos ao Idoso/psicologia , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências , Visita Domiciliar , Humanos , Apego ao Objeto , Fatores de Risco , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
16.
Trauma Violence Abuse ; 20(3): 385-397, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29333974

RESUMO

Stemming in part from the lack of theory, predictors of the relationship between neighborhoods and intimate partner violence (IPV) are underidentified. Furthermore, few mediation studies exist that inductively build and deductively confirm theoretical frameworks. This article provides an integrative review of the literature, aiming to enhance the field's understanding of predictors and potential mechanisms that drive this relationship, using a combined theoretical model to guide the analysis. The integrative review was conducted using Whittemore and Knafl's systematic method for integrative reviews with articles published between 1995 and 2015. Findings indicate that macro-, exo-, and mesolevel predictors and mediators in the proposed model have modest empirical support; however, a number of concepts at each ecological level have yet to be fully researched. Results of this review suggest that a well-defined and integrative theoretical framework will enhance the current understanding of ecological research into IPV. Additionally, a comprehensive ecological approach to IPV intervention is likely to be more effective than employing solely an individual-level approach. Intervention implications are discussed.


Assuntos
Violência Doméstica , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Características de Residência , Meio Social , Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , Violência Doméstica/psicologia , Humanos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/prevenção & controle , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Fatores de Risco
17.
Trauma Violence Abuse ; 20(3): 416-427, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29334002

RESUMO

Research on child mistreatment tends to focus on the mother or the father as the abusing parent, even though there is wide agreement that both theory and practice should deal with child maltreatment as a family system problem. Most children have the benefit or the risk of more than one caretaker for substantial periods of their lives, most often two parents or stepparents. This article is intended to illustrate the value of research which uses concordance analysis (CA) to identify children who experienced three dyadic concordance types (DCTs) of mistreatment: father-only, mother-only, or both parents, including single-parent combinations of caretakers. A concordance approach that identifies possible abusers in addition to the presenting parent using the three DCTs is a practical first step toward a family system perspective to enhance child abuse theory, research, and practice.


Assuntos
Maus-Tratos Infantis , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Relações Pai-Filho , Relações Mãe-Filho , Criança , Maus-Tratos Infantis/prevenção & controle , Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia , Educação Infantil/psicologia , Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , Violência Doméstica/psicologia , Humanos , Poder Familiar/psicologia
18.
Trauma Violence Abuse ; 20(1): 114-125, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29334003

RESUMO

Under federal and many state laws, persons under domestic violence restraining orders (DVROs) are prohibited from possession of firearms. Using multiple sources and a Lexis Nexis search, we developed a list of state laws pertaining to the relinquishment or removal of firearms from persons prohibited from possession by DVROs. After downloading the text of each law, we conducted a legal analysis to enumerate provisions of the laws specifying implementation. We found 49 laws in 29 states and Washington, DC. The laws were conceptualized as instructions to the court, the respondent, and law enforcement. We detail the content of each state's law, including such elements as whether it applies to ex parte DVROs; whether certain criteria must be met, such as previous use of a firearm in domestic violence or lack of an employment exemption, before the law can be applied; and whether the application of the law is mandatory. We also detail instructions to the respondent regarding to whom firearms may be relinquished, whether the respondent must seek permission to transfer the firearm to a third party, and the time by which dispossession must occur. Finally, whether law enforcement bears the responsibility for removing the firearm or whether the law gives the court the authority to order a search and seizure for the firearms is discussed. The purpose of the research is to provide an overview of these state laws that can be used by key stakeholders in legislative, judicial, advocacy, or research roles. Implications are discussed.


Assuntos
Violência Doméstica/legislação & jurisprudência , Armas de Fogo/legislação & jurisprudência , Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Violência com Arma de Fogo/legislação & jurisprudência , Violência com Arma de Fogo/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Masculino , Estados Unidos
19.
Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol ; 63(3): 500-517, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30205724

RESUMO

In the United Kingdom, there is an increasing need to develop prevention programs for intimate partner violence and abuse (IPVA). However, this need has increased within a context of increasing financial pressure. Consequently, commissioners are expressing interest in models of prevention that are brief. This article first reviews the effectiveness of domestic violence (DV) prevention programs, including those from England and Wales. This article then describes the theoretical development of an emerging IPVA prevention program that combines solution-focused brief therapy (SFBT) and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) methods. The article addresses how CBT content is integrated within the SFBT approach and provides details of the intervention logic model.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/prevenção & controle , Violência/prevenção & controle , Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , Violência Doméstica/psicologia , Inglaterra , Humanos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Parceiros Sexuais , Maus-Tratos Conjugais/prevenção & controle , Reino Unido , País de Gales
20.
Infant Ment Health J ; 40(1): 152-164, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30586476

RESUMO

Research on risks and causes of domestic violence is hampered by a policy framework that not only does not fund but in some cases suppresses inquiry into those causes. This discussion, then, will be placed in the context of those policy frameworks that hamper and distort inquiry. This includes an overview of ideological, political, and historical issues that have shaped those frameworks. Related explanatory theories and theories of practice are summarized. The article will examine known early-life risk factors for those disorders and behaviors associated with domestic violence perpetration. Particular emphasis will be placed on maltreatment and attachment/bonding processes. Framed in broad perspectives of psychosocial theory, risk factors from related literature sources (e.g. general violence and criminality) will be included where risk profiles are substantially similar.


Assuntos
Violência Doméstica/psicologia , Políticas , Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
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