Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.973
Filtrar
2.
BMJ Open ; 11(4): e045872, 2021 04 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33827844

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to explore the strategies that governments and civil society organisations implemented to prevent and respond to the anticipated rise in violence against women and/or children (VAWC) during the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. DESIGN: A scoping review and content analysis of online media reports. SETTING: WHO European region. METHODS: A scoping review of media reports and publications and a search of other grey literature (published from 1 January to 17 September 2020). Primary and secondary outcome measures included measures implemented by governments, public services and non-governmental and civil organisations to prevent or respond to VAWC during the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic. RESULTS: Our study found that in 52 of the 53 member states there was at least one measure undertaken to prevent or respond to VAWC during the pandemic. Government-led or government-sponsored measures were the most common, reported in 50 member states. Non-governmental and other civil society-led prevention and response measures were reported in 40 member states. The most common measure was the use of media and social media to raise awareness of VAWC and to provide VAWC services through online platforms, followed by measures taken to expand and/or maintain helpline services for those exposed to violence. CONCLUSION: The potential increase in VAWC during COVID-19-imposed restrictions and lockdowns resulted in adaptations and/or increases in prevention and response strategies in nearly all member states. The strength of existing public health systems influenced the requirement and choice of strategies and highlights the need for sustaining and improving violence prevention and response services. Innovative strategies employed in several member states may offer opportunities for countries to strengthen prevention and responses in the near future and during similar emergencies.


Assuntos
Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , Meios de Comunicação de Massa , Pandemias , Criança , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Internet , Organização Mundial da Saúde
4.
Rev Paul Pediatr ; 39: e2020267, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146295

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Social isolation is currently identified as the best way to prevent the infection by the new coronavirus. However, for some social groups, such as children and adolescents, this measure carries a contradiction: the home, which should be the safest place for them, is also a frequent environment of a sad aggravation: domestic violence. This study aims to evaluate the notifications of interpersonal/self-inflicted violence available in the Information System for Notifiable Diseases in the State of Santa Catarina (southern Brazil), for the juvenile age group, before and during the new coronavirus pandemics. METHODS: Cross-sectional, descriptive study of violence against children and adolescents (from 0 to 19 years) notified by health professionals by completing and entering the occurrence in the Information System for Notifiable Diseases of the State of Santa Catarina in 11 weeks in which the social isolation measure was instituted as mandatory, comparing with the same period before this measure. RESULTS: During the study period, 136 municipalities in Santa Catarina made 1,851 notifications. There was a decrease of 55.3% of them in the isolation period, and the difficulties encountered in seeking protection and assistance institutions were listed. CONCLUSIONS: The society needs to be aware of possible cases of violence in the children and adolescent population. It is important to provide accessible, effective, and safe ways for complaints and notifications, as well as a quick response to the cases, aiming at protecting victims and minimizing damages to prevent the perpetuation of the violence.


Assuntos
Maus-Tratos Infantis , Bem-Estar da Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Violência Doméstica , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Saúde do Adolescente/tendências , Betacoronavirus , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Maus-Tratos Infantis/prevenção & controle , Maus-Tratos Infantis/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde da Criança/tendências , Estudos Transversais , Coleta de Dados/métodos , Coleta de Dados/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , Violência Doméstica/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Pandemias
5.
Psychiatr Danub ; 32(Suppl 3): 367-370, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030455

RESUMO

Although family should be the basis for the development and formation of a child's personality, violence is mostly done in the family, and remains undiscovered for a long time. The real number of abused children is much more than that displayed in the registered cases. The secrecy of the problem is an important feature of this phenomenon. Families in which abuse takes place are mostly isolated. Social isolation does not come about by chance; secrecy is usually encouraged by an abuser to control over famoly members. In most cases, social reaction to violence is late, inadequate and focused on the consequences, but not on the causes. "Abuse implies an act of execution that directly inflicts damage, while neglect implies an act of non-fulfillment of something that is necessary for the well-being of a child". The most common forms of domestic violence are physical, emotional abuse in the presence of violence against the mother, and in a lesser extent sexual abuse. In addition, there is physical, emotional, educational and medical neglect. The presence of violence against the mother and the feeling of impotence leave the same consequences as the endured violence. It is considered that children living in violent families are likely to live under cumulative stress. Traumatic responses include a wide range of conditions from acute stress reactions through post-traumatic stress disorder to complex long-lasting, repeated trauma syndrome. All children will not react to this kind of experience in the same way, with the protective and risk factors in developmental psychopathology having a significant role to play. Because of their developmental vulnerability and dependency, children are at greater risk of violence than adults. Researches point to the need for a multidisciplinary approach to treatment and prevention of child abuse, with greater interaction between health institutions, relevant centers for social work, police, court, government and non-governmental sector, and the existence of adequate family and criminal laws.


Assuntos
Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia , Violência Doméstica/psicologia , Trauma Psicológico/psicologia , Adulto , Criança , Maus-Tratos Infantis/legislação & jurisprudência , Maus-Tratos Infantis/prevenção & controle , Maus-Tratos Infantis/terapia , Violência Doméstica/legislação & jurisprudência , Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mães/psicologia , Trauma Psicológico/prevenção & controle , Trauma Psicológico/terapia , Fatores de Risco , Instituições Acadêmicas , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/prevenção & controle , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia
7.
Global Health ; 16(1): 84, 2020 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957999

RESUMO

Nepal, a South Asian country, was in nationwide lockdown for nearly three months in 2020 with partial restrictions still in place. Much worryingly, COVID-19 induced restrictions have confined women and young girls in their home, increasing the risk of domestic violence. The available support system to respond to violence against women and girls (VAWG) has also been disrupted during this period. The figures of violence against women, and child sexual abuse are increasingly being reported during the lockdown and thereafter. To mitigate this, a response against VAWG should not be a missing agenda. This commentary focuses on the situation of VAWG during COVID-19 induced restrictions in Nepal and offers a way forward for addressing the issue.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Violência Doméstica/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Nepal/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Medição de Risco
8.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-47806

RESUMO

Os países das Américas devem expandir e investir em serviços de saúde mental para lidar com os efeitos da pandemia de COVID-19, disse nesta terça-feira (18) a diretora da Organização Pan-Americana da Saúde (OPAS), Carissa F. Etienne.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/etiologia , Assistência à Saúde Mental , Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , América
10.
Br J Psychiatry ; 217(4): 543-546, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32654678

RESUMO

This study explored patterns of abuse, self-harm and thoughts of suicide/self-harm in the UK during the first month of the COVID-19 pandemic using data from the COVID-19 Social Study (n=44 775), a non-probability sample weighted to population proportions. The reported frequency of abuse, self-harm and thoughts of suicide/self-harm was higher among women, Black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) groups and people experiencing socioeconomic disadvantage, unemployment, disability, chronic physical illnesses, mental disorders and COVID-19 diagnosis. Psychiatric medications were the most common type of support being used, but fewer than half of those affected were accessing formal or informal support.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Violência Doméstica , Transtornos Mentais , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Comportamento Autodestrutivo , Suicídio , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , Violência Doméstica/psicologia , Violência Doméstica/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Transtornos Mentais/virologia , Serviços de Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Prevalência , Sistemas de Apoio Psicossocial , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/epidemiologia , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/prevenção & controle , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/psicologia , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Ideação Suicida , Suicídio/prevenção & controle , Suicídio/psicologia , Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
12.
JMIR Public Health Surveill ; 6(3): e19831, 2020 07 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32678797

RESUMO

Before the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), 1 in 3 women and girls, globally, were victimized by an abusive partner in intimate relationships. However, the current pandemic has amplified cases of domestic violence (DV) against women and girls, with up to thrice the prevalence in DV cases compared to the same time last year. Evidence of the adverse effects of the pandemic on DV is still emerging, even as violence prevention strategies are iteratively being refined by service providers, advocacy agencies, and survivors to meet stay-at-home mandates. Emotional and material support for survivors is a critical resource increasingly delivered using digital and technology-based modalities, which offer several advantages and challenges. This paper rapidly describes current DV mitigation approaches using digital solutions, signaling emerging best practices to support survivors, their children, and abusers during stay-at-home advisories. Some examples of technology-based strategies and solutions are presented. An immediate priority is mapping out current digital solutions in response to COVID-19-related DV and outlining issues with uptake, coverage, and meaningful use of digital solutions.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/prevenção & controle , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Telemedicina/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Violência Doméstica/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Saúde Global/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Prevalência , Apoio Social , Sobreviventes/psicologia
14.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1001, 2020 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32586374

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to establish whether changes in the socioeconomic context were associated with changes in population-level antenatal mental health indicators in Vietnam. METHODS: Social, economic and public policies introduced in Vietnam (1986-2010) were mapped. Secondary analyses of data from two cross-sectional community-based studies conducted in 2006 (n = 134) and 2010 (n = 419), involving women who were ≥ 28 weeks pregnant were completed. Data for these two studies had been collected in structured individual face-to-face interviews, and included indicators of antenatal mental health (mean Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale Vietnam-validation (EPDS-V) score), intimate partner relationships (Intimate Bonds Measure Vietnam-validation) and sociodemographic characteristics. Socioeconomic characteristics and mean EPDS-V scores in the two study years were compared and mediation analyses were used to establish whether indicators of social and economic development mediated differences in EPDS-V scores. RESULTS: Major policy initiatives for poverty reduction, hunger eradication and making domestic violence a crime were implemented between 2006 and 2010. Characteristics and circumstances of pregnant women in Ha Nam improved significantly. Mean EPDS-V score was lower in 2010, indicating better population-level antenatal mental health. Household wealth and intimate partner controlling behaviours mediated the difference in EPDS-V scores between 2006 and 2010. CONCLUSIONS: Changes in the socioeconomic and political context, particularly through policies to improve household wealth and reduce domestic violence, appear to influence women's lives and population-level antenatal mental health. Cross-sectoral policies that reduce social risk factors may be a powerful mechanism to improve antenatal mental health at a population level.


Assuntos
Bem-Estar Materno/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações na Gravidez/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , Desenvolvimento Econômico , Feminino , Humanos , Bem-Estar Materno/psicologia , Pobreza/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/psicologia , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Vietnã/epidemiologia
17.
Psychol Trauma ; 12(S1): S199-S201, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32478558

RESUMO

The novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) and the associated disease it causes, COVID-19, have caused unprecedented social disruption. Due to sweeping stay-at-home orders across the United States and internationally, many victims and survivors of domestic violence (DV), now forced to be isolated with their abusers, run the risk of new or escalating violence. Numerous advocates, organizations, and service centers anticipated this: Upticks in domestic violence were reported in many regions soon after stay-at-home directives were announced. In this commentary, we delineate some of the recent events leading up to the reported spike in DV; review literature on previously documented disaster-related DV surges; and discuss some of the unique challenges, dilemmas, and risks victims and survivors face during this pandemic. We conclude with recommendations to allocate resources to DV front-liners and utilize existing DV guidelines for disaster preparedness, response, and recovery. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Violência Doméstica/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Trauma Psicológico , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Adulto , Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Trauma Psicológico/etiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/etiologia , Sobreviventes , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
18.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 674, 2020 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32404079

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Violence against women and girls is a public health epidemic. Campus-based research has found bystander programmes show promise as effective primary prevention of sexual violence. However, evidence regarding domestic violence and abuse bystander prevention specifically, and in community settings generally, is still in development. Further, research has predominantly emanated from the US. Examining proof of concept in differing cultural contexts is required. This study evaluates the feasibility and potential for effectiveness of a domestic violence and abuse bystander intervention within UK general communities-Active Bystander Communities. METHODS: Participants recruited opportunistically attended a three-session programme facilitated by experts in the field. Programme feasibility was measured using participant attendance and feedback across nine learning objectives. Myth acceptance, bystander efficacy, behavioural intent and bystander behaviours were assessed using validated scales at baseline, post-intervention, and four-month follow-up. Results were examined for potential backlash. Analyses used a paired sample t-test and effect size was quantified with Cohen's d. RESULTS: 58/70 participants attended all programme sessions. Participant feedback consistently rated the programme highly and significant change (p ≤ 0·001) was observed in the desired direction across behavioural intent, bystander efficacy, and myth acceptance scores at post and follow-up. Effect size was generally large and, with the exception of Perception of Peer Myth Acceptance, improved at follow-up. Backlash was minimal. CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge this is the first UK-based study to examine the potential of bystander intervention as a community-level intervention for domestic violence and abuse. Findings are promising and indicate the translatability of the bystander approach to domestic violence and abuse prevention as well as community contexts. This is likely to be of great interest to policymakers and may help shape future community-based interventions. Further research is now needed using experimental designs engaging diverse community audiences.


Assuntos
Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , Promoção da Saúde/organização & administração , Delitos Sexuais/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde Pública , Reino Unido , Adulto Jovem
20.
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry ; 59(6): 686-688, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32389695

RESUMO

As we pen these words, the COVID-19 pandemic is having profound impacts on human society. Based on decades of research, we know that the accompanying illness,1 death,2 social isolation,3,4 and malnutrition5 will have deep and lasting impacts on our children and adolescents, their families, and the communities in which they develop. The pandemic is exposing, with terrible clarity, the disparities in human society-racism,6 poverty,7,8 domestic violence,9,10 and child maltreatment and neglect11-and tragically will likely amplify the negative impacts that each has on child development and mental health.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Saúde Mental/normas , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Editoração/normas , Adolescente , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Criança , Maus-Tratos Infantis/prevenção & controle , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Violência Doméstica/prevenção & controle , Violência Doméstica/psicologia , Políticas Editoriais , Humanos , Serviços de Saúde Mental/normas , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Sistemas de Apoio Psicossocial , Fatores de Risco , Isolamento Social/psicologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...