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PLoS One ; 15(9): e0239560, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970746


The majority of the existing evidence-base on violence against women focuses on women of reproductive age (15-49), and globally there is sparse evidence concerning patterns of and types of violence against women aged 50 and older. Improved understanding of differing patterns and dynamics of violence older women experienced is needed to ensure appropriate policy or programmatic responses. To address these gaps in the evidence, we conducted a systematic review of qualitative literature on violence against older women, including any form of violence against women, rather than adopting a specific theoretical framework on what types of violence or perpetrators should be included from the outset, and focusing specifically on qualitative studies, to explore the nature and dynamics of violence against older women from the perspective of women. Following pre-planned searches of 11 electronic databases, two authors screened all identified titles, abstracts and relevant full texts for inclusion in the review. We extracted data from 52 manuscripts identified for inclusion, and conducted quality assessment and thematic synthesis from the key findings of the included studies. Results indicated that the vast majority of included studies were conducted in high-income contexts, and did not contain adequate information on study setting and context. Thematic synthesis identified several central themes, including the intersection between ageing and perceptions of, experiences of and response to violence; the centrality of social and gender norms in shaping older women's experiences of violence; the cumulative physical and mental health impact of exposure to lifelong violence, and that specific barriers exist for older women accessing community supports and health services to address violence victimization. Our findings indicated that violence against older women is prevalent and has significant impacts on physical and mental well-being of older women. Implications for policy and programmatic response, as well as future research directions, are highlighted.

Violência de Gênero/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência de Gênero/tendências , Violência/tendências , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Vítimas de Crime , Feminino , Humanos , Renda , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Fatores Socioeconômicos
Violence Against Women ; 25(16): 1980-2006, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718529


This article investigates the role of critical masculinity theory on the field of violence against women (VAW). We conduct a meta-analysis to discern which theories of masculinity have been used within the journal Violence Against Women over the past 25 years. This search revealed that many articles use masculinity concepts but do not always articulate explicit theories of masculinity. We review hegemonic masculinity and male peer support, two of the most commonly used theories of masculinity and violence. We then discuss new developments within masculinity scholarship, including theories of manhood acts, inclusive masculinity, and hybrid masculinity, and consider how these perspectives can enhance the already robust scholarship on masculinity and VAW.

Bolsas de Estudo/tendências , Violência de Gênero/tendências , Masculinidade , Bolsas de Estudo/métodos , Previsões/métodos , Humanos
Violence Against Women ; 25(16): 2024-2046, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718530


This article is a conversation between two academic experts, Callie Rennison and Nikki Jones, who endeavor to sum up what has been accomplished in eliminating violence against women in the United States during the 25 years of the journal's existence. Domestic violence, rape, and sexual harassment are discussed. Although prevalence rates are down in domestic violence, rape and sexual harassment remain persistent problems. Looking at violence against women from an analysis of President Trump voters in the 2016 U.S. presidential election, Rennison and Jones observe the extent to which the current ideas and attitudes of women-both young and old-will need to change before violence can be eliminated. Rather than viewing events in the United States as totally negative, they see them as presenting new opportunities for greater understanding of violence against women and for new methods of prevention and perpetrator accountability.

Bolsas de Estudo/métodos , Violência de Gênero/tendências , Defesa do Paciente/psicologia , Pesquisa/tendências , Violência de Gênero/prevenção & controle , Violência de Gênero/psicologia , Humanos , Defesa do Paciente/tendências
East Mediterr Health J ; 25(4): 262-268, 2019 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31210347


Background: Violence against women is a global phenomenon. Aims: To estimate and forecast cognizable crime against women in New Delhi, India, from 2016 to 2020. Methods: Reported cognizable crime against women in New Delhi for 2009-2015 was extracted for statistical analysis, synthesis and modelling. The cognizable crimes reported are rape, attempt to commit rape, kidnapping and abduction, dowry deaths, assault on women with intent to outrage her modesty, insult to modesty of women, cruelty by husband or his relative, importation of girls from foreign countries, abetment of suicide of women and indecent representation of women. Results: The actual number of registered cases of crime against women ranged from 4251 (2009) to 17 104 (2015). The projected number of cases ranged between 18 991 [95% confidence interval (CI): 13 092-24 889) in 2016 to 28 663 (95% CI: 22 314-35 013)] in 2020. A rising trend in crime against women was noticed in New Delhi, ranging from 204.6 (2016) to 308.8 (2020) per 100 000 women. After witnessing a substantive increase (116.2%) in reported crime against women in New Delhi in 2013, the subsequent actual and projected rise appears to be incremental in nature, with an annual percentage point change ranging between 9% and 18%. Conclusion: Within limitations, it is concluded that the safety of women will continue to be a concern in the near future.

Violência de Gênero/tendências , Saúde da Mulher , Tráfico de Pessoas/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Estupro/estatística & dados numéricos , Maus-Tratos Conjugais/estatística & dados numéricos
Nurse Educ Today ; 77: 71-76, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30999062


BACKGROUND: Health-care professionals, and nurses especially among them, play an essential role in the health sector's response to gender-based violence. To be able to successfully address this major public health issue they need specific training in the topic. OBJECTIVE: To analyse training on gender-based violence that nursing students receive at universities in Spain. DESIGN: Mixed-methods approach. SETTING: Spain. METHODS: Systematic review of public documents followed by in-depth interviews with university lecturers. RESULTS: Eighty per cent (92/115) of nursing training programmes included content regarding gender-based violence. There was great variability in the topics included in the training. Health consequences due to gender-based violence exposure and the role of the health sector in addressing these health consequences were the most frequently included topics. Ethical issues and legislation were the least frequent ones, as these were only dealt with in one and 18 training programmes, respectively. In the qualitative analysis of the interviews, two categories were identified: 'Supportive legislation and supportive lecturers are essential for integrating gender-based violence training' and 'Approach to gender-based violence shapes the contents and the subject in which it is incorporated'. The first category refers to the main drivers for training integration, while the second category refers to how lecturers' perceptions influenced the way in which training was implemented. CONCLUSIONS: As many as 80% of the nursing education programmes included specific training in gender-based violence, although with great variability in the contents among the universities. For this study's participants, enacted legislation, and lecturers interested in the topic and in decision-making positions were key drivers for this extensive implementation. The variability observed across universities might be explained by lecturers' different approaches to gender-based violence and the nursing profession.

Bacharelado em Enfermagem/normas , Violência de Gênero/tendências , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Currículo/normas , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/métodos , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto/métodos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Espanha
Interface (Botucatu, Online) ; 23: e170621, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-975840


The present study analyzed, from the perspective of social constructionism, funk songs with a broad media repercussion and significant sharing in streaming services, with lyrics that refer to sexual violence: Baile de Favela and Malandramente. The study was carried out through dialogic analysis and followed by the development of a dialogic map. The results point to the construction of the perfect victim, which trivializes sexual violence by blaming the victim. It also erotizes childhood in the construction of victims and perpetrators, whose puerility is mocked by vulgarizing sexual violence and the exaltation of collective rape, exploring possibilities of sexual relations permeated by gender violence. The findings reveal an alarming scenario. Despite the important role that funk plays as an emancipatory cultural practice, the meanings of sexual violence in the lyrics of the songs exposed the development of conflicting relationships between genders as a social norm.(AU)

Humanos , Estupro , Violência de Gênero/tendências , Música/psicologia
Rev. cuba. salud pública ; 44(2)abr.-jun. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1042978


Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia de violencia extrema contra la mujer y feminicidio así como algunos factores riesgo en el Perú. Métodos: Investigación observacional de datos secundarios (2009-2015) del Ministerio de la Mujer y Poblaciones Vulnerables de Perú. Con el programa Microsoft Excell® se calculó la tasa bruta de violencia extrema contra la mujer y de feminicidio por año y por territorio, así como el riesgo de violencia extrema contra la mujer y el riesgo de feminicidio por territorio, año, mes, vínculo, escenario y área. Resultados: En el período 2009-2015, la tasa de violencia extrema contra la mujer aumentó. Tacna (RT= 2,673; IC 95 por ciento= 2,111-3,384), tuvo el mayor riesgo de feminicidio, mientras que Madre de Dios (RT= 2,475; IC 95 por ciento= 1,462-4,188) tuvo el mayor riesgo de violencia extrema contra la mujer. Este riesgo existió en mayor cuantía en enero (RT=1,204; IC 95 por ciento=1,019-1,422) y el mayor riesgo de feminicidio en noviembre (RT=1,463; IC 95 por ciento=1,173-1,826) y enero (RT=1,280; IC 95 por ciento= 1,014-1,616). Existió mayor riesgo que la violencia extrema contra la mujer culmine en feminicidio cuando el agresor es desconocido (ORc= 11,950; IC 95 por ciento= 6,752-23,510), es conocido (ORc= 2,644; IC 95 por ciento= 1,736-4,094) o es un familiar (ORc=1,614; IC 95 por ciento= 1,078-2,433), en un escenario no íntimo (ORc=5,522; IC 95 por ciento=3,611-8,629), en el área rural (ORc=1,692; IC 95 por ciento=1,136-2,525) o urbana-marginal (ORc=1,678; IC 95 por ciento=1,057-2,673). Conclusiones: La incidencia de violencia extrema contra la mujer ha aumentado. El riesgo de feminicidio es mayor en el mes de noviembre, en el área rural y urbana-marginal, en un escenario no íntimo y cuando la violencia extrema contra la mujer no es perpetrada por la pareja o ex-pareja(AU)

Objective: To determine the incidence of extreme violence against women (EVAW) and femicide; and some risk factors in Peru. Methods: Observational research of secondary data (2009-2015) from the Ministry of Women and Vulnerable Populations of Peru. MS Excell® program was used to calculate the gross rate of extreme violence against women and femicide by territory, year, month, bond, scenario, and area. Results: In the period 2009-2015, the rate of extreme violence against women has increased. Tacna (RT=2,673; IC 95 percent=2,111-3,384) had the highest rate of femicide´s risk, and Madre de Dios (RT=2,475; IC 95 percent= 1,462-4,188) had the highest risk of extreme violence against women. There was greater risk of extreme violence against women in January (RT=1.204, IC95 percent=1.019-1.422) and femicide´s risk in November (RT=1.463, IC95 percent=1.173-1.826) and January (RT=1.280, IC95 percent=1.014-1.616). Extreme violence against women is more likely to end in femicide when the aggressor is unknown (ORc= 11.950; IC 95 percent=6.572-23.510), when is an acquaintance (ORc=2,644; IC 95 percvent=1,736-4,094) or a relative (ORc= 1,614; IC 95 percent= 1,078-2,433), in a non-intimate place (ORc= 5,522; IC 95 percent= 3,611-8,629), in the rural area (ORc= 1,692; IC 95 percent= 1,136-2,525), or in the marginal urban area (ORc=1,678; IC 95 percent= 1,057-2,673). Conclusions: Extreme violence against women's incidence has increased. The risk of femicide is higher in November, in the rural and marginal urban areas, in a non-intimate scenario, and when the extreme violence against women is not perpetrated by the partner or ex-partner(AU)

Violência contra a Mulher , Violência de Gênero/tendências , Peru , Fatores de Risco , Estudo Observacional
Interface (Botucatu, Online) ; 22(64): 13-28, jan.-mar. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-893450


Objetiva-se compreender a construção e as modificações da identidade de gênero masculina na Região Nordeste, com base no estudo das letras de forró. A partir das análises das canções como um território semiótico, o corpus da pesquisa conglomera letras de representantes icônicos, de cada período do forró, incluindo desde o compositor brasileiro Luiz Gonzaga até a contemporaneidade. Este corpus organiza-se nas categorias 'Nordestinidade', 'Imagética Masculina', 'Imagética feminina' e 'Violência de Gênero'. Pode-se apreender que a identidade cultural do nordestino foi historicamente consolidada nos princípios patriarcais. Os discursos do forró comprovaram a adaptação desses preceitos às leis de mercado do mundo globalizado, levando, cada vez mais, a mulher a se perceber como mercadoria e a legitimar sua subordinação. Neste contexto, ressalta-se a relevância da compreensão dos símbolos culturais e de seu papel na construção das subjetividades masculinas e femininas no Nordeste brasileiro.(AU)

El objetivo es comprender la construcción y las modificaciones de la identidad de género masculina en la Región Nordeste, con base en el estudio de las letras de forró. A partir de los análisis de las canciones como un territorio semiótico, el corpus de la investigación congrega letras de representantes icónicos de cada período del forró, incluyendo desde el compositor brasileño Luiz Gonzaga hasta el período contemporáneo. Este corpus se organiza en las categorías 'Nordestinidad', 'Imagética Masculina', 'Imagética femenina' y 'Violencia de Género'. Se puede captar que la identidad del nordestino fue históricamente consolidada en los principios patriarcales. Los discursos del forró comprobaron la adaptación de esos preceptos a las leyes de mercado del mundo globalizado, llevando cada vez más a que la mujer se percibiera como mercancía y a legitimar su subordinación. En este contexto, se subraya la relevancia de la comprensión de los símbolos culturales y de su papel en la construcción de las subjetividades masculinas y femeninas en el Nordeste brasileño.(AU)

The objective is to understand the process of construction and evolution of male gender identity in Brazilian Northeast, based on study of forró songs. Based on analyzes of the lyrics as a semiotic territory, the corpus of research was composed of letters of iconic representatives of each period of forró from the Brazilian composer Luiz Gonzaga to contemporaneity, organized in the following categories 'Nordestinidade' (to be from the Northeast", ''male imagery', 'female imagery' and 'gender violence'. From the analysis emerged that cultural identity of Northeast was historically consolidated through patriarchal principles. Forró lyrics discourse showed how these principle were adapted to the market laws of a globalized world, progressively perceiving women as a commodity thus legitimizing their subordination. In this context it is emphasized the importance of understanding cultural symbols and their role in the construction of male and female subjectivities in Brazilian Northeast.(AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Cultura , Identidade de Gênero , Violência de Gênero/tendências , Brasil
Univ. psychol ; 16(4): 30-41, oct.-dic. 2017. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-963301


Resumen Este estudio tiene como objetivo analizar las relaciones entre las actitudes sexistas, los pensamientos distorsionados sobre la mujer y el uso de la violencia y los comportamientos de violencia con la pareja, en universitarios ecuatorianos de ramas relacionas con el bienestar y la salud. La muestra está conformada por 646 alumnos de tres universidades (424 alumnas y 222 alumnos). Se aplicaron los siguientes instrumentos: Versión modificada de la Escala de Tácticas para los Conflictos, Inventario de Sexismo Ambivalente, Inventario de Pensamientos Distorsionados y Escala de Deseabilidad Social. Para la detección de diferencias estadísticamente significativas, se aplicó el test de Mann Whitney y el test de Kruskal Wallis. Para estimar el efecto de la deseabilidad social en las respuestas, se realizaron diferentes regresiones lineales. Los resultados identifican un alto nivel de sexismo y de violencia ejercida y sufrida en la muestra de universitarios, aunque estos parecen estar influidos por la deseabilidad social. Este hecho cobra especial relevancia debido al papel que juegan estos profesionales en la detección y tratamiento de violencia en la pareja. Los resultados obtenidos indican la oportunidad de trabajar en intervenciones educativas en población universitaria para minimizar los pensamientos sexistas que pueden ser fundamento de la violencia de género.

Abstract This study aims to analyze the relationships between sexist attitudes, distorted thoughts about women, the use of violence and violent behaviors in couples. The study was carried out in Ecuadorian universities with students related to Welfare and Health studies. There were 646 students from three universities (424 men and 222 women). The following tests were applied: Modified version of the Scale Conflict Tactics, Ambivalent Sexism Inventory, Inventory of Distorted Thoughts and Social Desirability Scale. The Mann-Whitney and Kruskal Wallis tests were applied to detect statistically significant differences. In order to estimate the effect of social desirability on responses it was performed different linear regressions. The results identify high levels of sexism and perpetrated and suffered violence, although these results seemed to be influenced by social desirability. This becomes especially important due to the role played by these professionals in the detection and treatment of intimate partner violence. The results show the importance to work on educational interventions in universities to minimize sexist thoughts that cause violence against women.

Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente , Equador , Sexismo/tendências , Violência de Gênero/tendências
Rev. Col. Méd. Cir. Guatem ; 156(2): 71-74, nov. 2017. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-995447


Objetivo: Determinar los conocimientos y actitudes sobre violencia sexual que poseen los adolescentes de Centros Educativos Públicos en el departamento de Chimaltenango en febrero y marzo 2017. Material y métodos: Estudio descriptivo transversal realizado en una muestra aleatoria de 386 sujetos, mediante un cuestionario auto aplicable posterior a consentimiento y asentimiento informado. Resultados: De los sujetos de estudio, 214 (55%) correspondían al sexo femenino, en promedio tenían 12.6 años de edad, 184 (48%) profesaban religión evangélica, 349 (90%) provenían de familias integradas, 292 (76%) pertenecían a la etnia Kaqchiquel. Conocimientos: 132 (34%) refirieron que la violencia sexual se define únicamente como el contacto físico de las partes íntima de otra persona, 116 (30%) identificaron al machismo y el consumo de drogas como factores de riesgo para violencia sexual, 83 (22%) consideraron adecuado el embarazo en menores de edad, 191 (50%) indicaron que en la mayoría de los casos los agresores son personas desconocidas de la víctima; 145 (38%) y 49 (13%) identificaron la calle y el hogar, respectivamente, como los principales lugares en los que se da este fenómeno. Actitudes: 304 (79%) no denunciarían si un compañero/a estuviera sufriendo violencia sexual, 218 (56%) están en desacuerdo con que los padres hablen sobre sexualidad con sus hijos, 202 (52%) no consideran importante que se imparta educación sexual en los centros educativos. Conclusiones: dos terceras partes desconocen conceptos básicos sobre el tema. Se evidencia una marcada indiferencia ante la necesidad de aprender del mismo y apoyar la denuncia de casos de compañeros que sufran algún tipo de violencia sexual.

Objective: To identify the knowledge and attitudes regarding sexual violence of adolescents in public schools of Chimaltenango, between February and March of 2017. Material and Methods: A descriptive cross sectional study conducted in a random sample of 386 subjects, based in a self-applicable questionnaire after student assent and parental consent (from parents or legal guardians). Results: 214 of 386 were female; with an average age of 12.6 years; 184 (48%) profess evangelical religion; 349 (90%) belonged to an integrated household; 292 (76%) belonged to the Kaqchiquel ethnic group. Knowledge: 132 (34%) reported that sexual violence is defined only as physical contact in intimate parts; 116 (30%) identified male chauvinist and drug abuse as risk factors for sexual violence; 83 (22%) considered pregnancy in underage teenagers as adequate; 191 (50%) indicated that in most cases the aggressors are unknown by the victims; students identify the street with 145 (38%) and the house with 49 (13%) as the main places where sexual violence occurs. Attitudes: 304 (79%) of the students would not report if a schoolmate is suffering from sexual violence, 218 (56%) disagree that parents should talk about sexuality with their children, 202 (52%) don't consider important to provide sex education in schools. Conclusions: Two thirds of the students are not aware of basic concepts regarding sexual violence, there is a considerable indifference to the need of learning of this topic and do not support the reporting of cases of classmates who suffer any type of sexual violence.

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Estupro/prevenção & controle , Educação Sexual/tendências , Delitos Sexuais/prevenção & controle , Violência de Gênero/tendências , Opinião Pública , Estupro/estatística & dados numéricos , Epidemiologia Descritiva
Rev. medica electron ; 39(5): 1041-1051, set.-oct. 2017.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-902223


Introducción: la violencia afecta a una de cada tres mujeres alguna vez en la vida. Cuando es producida por su pareja constituye un suceso destructor, generador de tensión, angustia y peligro para la vida. Objetivo: caracterizar la violencia hacia la mujer por su pareja en los casos asistidos en el Centro de Salud Mental de Aguada de Pasajeros, provincia de Cienfuegos, durante el año 2014. Materiales y métodos: se realizó una investigación descriptiva transversal, en 45 mujeres asistidas en el Centro de Salud Mental de Aguada de Pasajeros, provincia de Cienfuegos. Fueron utilizadas las técnicas de análisis documental, entrevistas, test de detección de tipos de violencia y de diagnóstico de violencia en la pareja. Resultados: predominaron las edades entre 26 y 35 años en un 46,6 %. En cuanto a nivel cultural el medio superior, con un 46,6 %. Se apreció un 66,6 %) de uniones consensuales. El 46,6 % ocupaban plazas técnicas. Estuvo presente la violencia física y psicológica en la totalidad de las féminas, la sexual en 15 mujeres y la económica en 38. La mayoría (23) estaban expuestas a un segundo grado de violencia. Prevalecieron sentimientos de culpa, temor a la soledad y relacionan la violencia con el consumo de bebidas alcohólicas. Conclusiones: se detectó en las mujeres estudiadas violencia psicológica, física, económica y sexual; de diferentes niveles, desde una relación violenta hasta una violencia peligrosa. Prevaleció el segundo nivel de violencia y creencias erróneas acerca de los roles de género de las mujeres maltratadas y de los hombres violentos (AU).

Introduction: violence affects one of every three women some time in her life. When it is caused by her couple it becomes a destructive fact, generating tension, anguish and danger for her life. Objective: to characterize violence toward women from the part of her couple in the cases attended at the Mental Health Center of Aguada de Pasajeros, province of Cienfuegos, during 2014. Materials and methods: a cross-sectional, descriptive research was carried out in 45 women attended at the Mental Health Center of Aguada de Pasajeros, province of Cienfuegos. The used techniques were documental analysis, interviews, tests for detecting the kind of violence, and tests for diagnosing violence in the couple. Results: ages between 26 and 35 years predominated for a 46,6 %. According to the scholarship, high school prevailed, with 46,6 %. A 66,6 % of consensual unions were found. 46,6 % of women worked as technicians. Physical and social violence was found in the total of women, the sexual one in 15 women, and the economic one in 38. Most of them (23) were exposed to a second degree of violence. The prevailing feelings were guiltiness, solitude fear and a link of violence with alcohol consumption. Conclusions: sexual, economic, physical and psychological violence was found in the studied women, in different levels, from a violent relationship to a dangerous violence. The second level of violence and erroneous beliefs on the genre roles of the abused women and the violent men prevailed (AU).

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Maus-Tratos Conjugais/diagnóstico , Violência contra a Mulher , Maus-Tratos Conjugais/prevenção & controle , Maus-Tratos Conjugais/tendências , Saúde Mental , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Violência de Gênero/prevenção & controle , Violência de Gênero/tendências
Rev. medica electron ; 39(4): 933-946, jul.-ago. 2017.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-902217


En México el reconocimiento a los derechos de las mujeres ha transitado un largo camino, acompañado muchas veces de experiencias difíciles para hacerlos valer. Desde 1930 se lucha por el reconocimiento de dichos derechos, se han signado ordenamientos, leyes nacionales e internacionales que norman todo a lo que las mujeres tienen acceso. Sin embargo, los estudios, encuestas y denuncias demuestran lo contrario. Este artículo abordó la problemática que las mujeres indígenas viven en México para que sean respetados y reconocidos sus derechos, específicamente los reproductivos y, particularmente, la esterilización impuesta, que además de violar su derecho a decidir por las instituciones encargadas de cuidar su salud, les genera problemas ginecológicos y rechazo por su pareja (AU).

Women's rights recognition in Mexico has gone through a long way, accompanied many times by difficult experiences to make them true. The fights for the recognition of those rights date back to 1930. Orders, national and international laws have been signed ruling all the rights to which women have access. However, studies, surveys and reports prove the entire contrary. This article approaches the problems affronted by the indigenous women who live in Mexico for the recognition and respect of their rights specially the reproductive ones and, particularly, the imposed sterilization, that besides the violation of their rights to decide from the part of the institutions in charge of taking care for their health, causes them gynecological problems and their couples rejection (AU).

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Direitos da Mulher/história , Violência Étnica/prevenção & controle , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto , Direitos Sexuais e Reprodutivos/história , Direitos Sexuais e Reprodutivos/legislação & jurisprudência , Direitos Sexuais e Reprodutivos/normas , Violência Étnica/tendências , Violência de Gênero/prevenção & controle , Violência de Gênero/tendências , México
Glob Public Health ; 11(5-6): 783-98, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27080871


South Africa has been experiencing an epidemic of gender-based violence (GBV) for a long time and in some rural communities health workers, who are trained to care for those infected with HIV, are positioned at the forefront of addressing this problem, often without the necessary support. In this article, we pose the question: How might cultural production through media making with community health workers (CHWs) contribute to taking action to address GBV and contribute to social change in a rural community? This qualitative participatory arts-based study with five female CHWs working from a clinic in a rural district of South Africa is positioned as critical research, using photographs in the production of media posters. We offer a close reading of the data and its production and discuss three data moments: CHWs drawing on insider cultural knowledge; CHWs constructing messages; and CHWs taking action. In our discussion, we take up the issue of cultural production and then offer concluding thoughts on 'beyond engagement' when the researchers leave the community.

Agentes Comunitários de Saúde/organização & administração , Pesquisa Participativa Baseada na Comunidade/métodos , Violência de Gênero/prevenção & controle , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Ativismo Político , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/normas , Comportamento Sexual , Agentes Comunitários de Saúde/psicologia , Pesquisa Participativa Baseada na Comunidade/organização & administração , Feminino , Violência de Gênero/economia , Violência de Gênero/tendências , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/transmissão , Promoção da Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Estudos de Casos Organizacionais , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/tendências , População Rural , Fatores Socioeconômicos , África do Sul/epidemiologia
Kochi; s.n; jun. 2007. 57 p. tab, graf.
Não convencional em Inglês | Repositório RHS | ID: biblio-914748


In this paper I discuss gender issues manifested within health occupations and across them. In particular, I examine gender dynamics in medicine, nursing, community health workers and home carers. I also explore from a gender perspective issues concerning delegation, migration and violence, which cut across these categories of health workers. These occupational categories and themes reflect priorities identified by the terms of reference for this review paper and also the themes that emerged from the accessed literature. This paper is based on a desk review of literature accessed through the internet, search engines, correspondence with other experts and reviewing bibliographies of existing material. These efforts resulted in a list of 534 articles, chapters, books and reports. Although most of the literature reviewed was in English, some of it was also in Spanish and Portuguese. Material related to training and interpersonal patient-provider relations that highlights how occupational inequalities affect the availability and quality of health care is covered by other review papers commissioned by the Women and Gender Equity Knowledge Network. (AU)

Humanos , Equidade em Saúde/tendências , Mão de Obra em Saúde/tendências , Violência de Gênero/tendências , Pessoal de Saúde/tendências