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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31083608

RESUMO

Interventions for ending intimate partner violence (IPV) have not usually provided integrated approaches. Legal and social policies have the duty to protect, assist and empower women and to bring offenders to justice. Men have mainly been considered in their role as perpetrators to be subjected to judicial measures, while child witnesses of violence have not been viewed as a direct target for services. Currently, there is a need for an integrated and holistic theoretical and operational model to understand IPV as gender-based violence and to intervene with the goal of ending the fragmentation of existing measures. The EU project ViDaCS-Violent Dads in Child Shoes-which worked towards the deconstruction and reconstruction of violence's effects on child witnesses, has given us the opportunity to collect the opinions of social workers and child witnesses regarding violence. Therefore, the article describes measures to deal with IPV, proposing functional connections among different services and specific preventative initiatives. Subsequently, this study will examine intimate partner violence and provide special consideration to interventions at the individual, relational, organizational and community levels. The final goal will be to present a short set of guidelines that take into account the four levels considered by operationalizing the aforementioned ecological principles.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/prevenção & controle , União Europeia , Humanos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/legislação & jurisprudência , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino
2.
Matern Child Health J ; 23(6): 756-767, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30600519

RESUMO

Objective To measure the proportion of women screened for IPV during prenatal care; to assess the predictors of prenatal IPV screening. Methods We use the CDC's 2012 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, representative of births in 24 states and New York City (N = 28,581). We calculated descriptive and logistic regressions, weighted to deal with state-clustered observations. Results 49.2% of women in our sample reported being screened for IPV while pregnant. There were higher screening rates among women of color, and those who had not completed high school, never been married, received WIC benefits, initiated prenatal care in the first trimester, and were publicly insured. State screening rates varied (29.9-62.9%). Among states, mandated perinatal depression screening or training was positively associated with IPV screening. 3.6% of women in our sample reported prenatal IPV but were not screened during pregnancy. Conclusions for Practice Current efforts have not led to universal screening. We need to better understand when and why providers do not screen pregnant patients for IPV.


Assuntos
Grupos de Populações Continentais/estatística & dados numéricos , Seguro Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/estatística & dados numéricos , Programas de Rastreamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Maus-Tratos Conjugais/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Cobertura do Seguro/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/legislação & jurisprudência , Programas de Rastreamento/legislação & jurisprudência , Serviços de Saúde Materna , Gravidez , Gestantes , Cuidado Pré-Natal/legislação & jurisprudência , Cuidado Pré-Natal/métodos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Maus-Tratos Conjugais/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
3.
Violence Vict ; 33(4): 627-644, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30567765

RESUMO

This aricle expands scholarship on intimate partner violence in Ghana by discussing what should be done to stop it, using data from the Northern region. The data came from 53 survey participants who provided useful responses to an open question: "what should we do to stop intimate partner violence"? The 53 respondents were part of 443 women non-randomly sampled at public health centers across the region to participate in a survey on intimate partner violence. Although the survey used a questionnaire, responses to the open question constituted qualitative data for this article. All 53 written responses were typed out verbatim into a Microsoft word document to generate a transcript for analysis. Responses entered in the transcript were numbered to distinguish one from another. Each numbered unit of text represented the complete response of a participant. Data were content-analyzed and reduced to five meaning categories for interpretation and conclusion-drawing. These are: provide behavior change support to couples; institute and enforce legal sanctions against perpetrators; empower women; provide public education for social change; and pray and preach against violence. Discussion of the findings is situated within discourse analysis and the article concludes with a note on implications for policy and practice.


Assuntos
Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/prevenção & controle , Cônjuges/psicologia , Adulto , Terapia Comportamental , Aconselhamento , Feminino , Gana , Humanos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/legislação & jurisprudência , Masculino , Casamento/legislação & jurisprudência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Religião , Respeito , Apoio Social , Cônjuges/educação , Inquéritos e Questionários , Mulheres/educação , Saúde da Mulher , Adulto Jovem
4.
BMC Public Health ; 18(1): 1085, 2018 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30170574

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Routine screening and intervention for intimate partner violence (IPV) in healthcare settings constitutes an important secondary prevention strategy for identifying individuals experiencing IPV early and connecting them with appropriate services. Considerable variation in available IPV-related healthcare services exists and interventions are needed to improve the quality of these services. One way to prioritize intervention efforts is by examining the level of services provided in communities most at risk relative to local incidence or prevalence of IPV. To inform future interventions, this study examined the spatial relationship between IPV-related healthcare services and IPV arrests in Miami-Dade County, Florida, and identified predictors of the observed spatial mismatch. METHODS: Survey data collected in 2014 from 278 health facilities pertaining to IPV services were geocoded, computed into a density layer, and aggregated at the census tract level to create a population-based normalized comprehensiveness score (NCS) as a proxy for IPV-related healthcare resources. IPV arrests from 2011 to 2015, collected from the county court, were geocoded and summarized by census tracts to serve as a proxy for IPV prevalence. These measures were combined into a resource disparity score (RDS) that compared relative service density to relative arrest rates, where positive RDS represented over-resourced neighborhoods and negative RDS corresponded to under-resourced neighborhoods. We used correlation analyses and a two-phase spatial modeling approach to evaluate correlates of NCS and RDS. RESULTS: A spatial lag model did not yield an association between NCS and IPV arrests, demonstrating a spatial mismatch, which we visualized using a Geographic Information System (GIS). A spatial error model revealed that the percentage of white non-Hispanic residents was positively associated with RDS, while percent black non-Hispanic, median age, ethnic heterogeneity, and economic disadvantage were negatively associated with RDS. CONCLUSIONS: These findings underscore the need to further evaluate the adequacy of IPV-related healthcare resources for secondary prevention relative to local IPV arrest rates, particularly within economically disadvantaged neighborhoods. Our approach demonstrates the utility of GIS for identifying potential priority regions for IPV prevention efforts and resource allocation.


Assuntos
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/legislação & jurisprudência , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Feminino , Florida , Sistemas de Informação Geográfica , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Áreas de Pobreza , Prevalência , Características de Residência/estatística & dados numéricos , Análise Espacial , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
J Interpers Violence ; 33(21): 3267-3297, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30253722

RESUMO

The most recent legislative attempts to curb violence in schools have been school-based dating violence prevention laws. In the previous decade, there was an increase in legislation designed to prevent bullying in schools; these laws now exist in 50 states. However, most anti-bullying laws provide an expansive definition of bullying that includes any type of peer aggression, harassment, or teen dating violence (TDV). Having several different state and federal laws aimed at curtailing multiple forms of aggression may produce confusion about appropriate intervention and disciplinary responses, requiring school districts to develop parallel sets of policies, educational curricula, intervention approaches, and reporting requirements for overlapping behaviors that can be simultaneously peer aggression, bullying, harassment, and TDV. We conducted a systematic search of applicable laws and systematically coded those we identified for relevant content (i.e., definitions, covered locales, protected groups, and personnel, procedural, preventive, and disclosure elements). Anti-bullying laws were typically more detailed than dating violence laws. TDV laws were more likely to target TDV and control intimate behavior and to provide for education about healthy relationships. Both types of laws often mandated trainings; specified reportable behaviors; discussed sanctions, recommendations, and interventions; and mentioned counseling, specially trained staff persons, or designated specialists. Both anti-bullying and TDV laws also sometimes directed reporting of aggregate incident rates and impacts of prevention efforts. Neither type of law tended to specify school and community resources or prevention approaches. Results inform discussion of the merits of different approaches to school-based violence prevention laws.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Bullying/prevenção & controle , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/legislação & jurisprudência , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/prevenção & controle , Instituições Acadêmicas/legislação & jurisprudência , Adolescente , Agressão , Bullying/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Masculino , Parceiros Sexuais , Estados Unidos , Violência/psicologia
6.
Rev. enferm. UFPE on line ; 12(9): 2418-2427, set. 2018. ilus, graf
Artigo em Português | BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-995849

RESUMO

Objetivo: conhecer as expressões e repercussões da violência conjugal. Método: estudo quantitativo, documental e descritivo. Os dados foram coletados a partir de 212 processos de violência conjugal registrados em uma Vara de Violência pela Paz em Casa. O processamento deu-se a partir de distribuições das frequências apresentados em figuras. Resultados: com base nas informações contidas no processo, as mulheres referiram vivenciar as violências nas formas psicológica (90,09%), física (76,64%), moral (69,34%), patrimonial (24,06%) e sexual (19,34%). As repercussões registradas relacionam-se ao desencadeamento de hematomas (47,9%), lesões de pele (35,9%), escoriações (12%) e fraturas (4,2%), todas associadas à agressão física, a qual se deu através do uso da força corporal (76,64%), de armas branca (11,97%) e de fogo (11,39%). Conclusão: embora os processos registrem todas as expressões da violência tipificadas pela Lei Maria da Penha, as repercussões relacionam-se apenas à agressão física, apontando para a necessidade de adequação do formulário de investigação nas varas.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Mulheres Maltratadas , Aplicação da Lei , Violência contra a Mulher , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/legislação & jurisprudência , Violência de Gênero , Saúde Pública , Epidemiologia Descritiva
7.
Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med ; 10(1): e1-e6, 2018 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29943616

RESUMO

Intimate partner violence is a common social problem which causes considerable relationship stress and results in significant morbidity and mortality of the victims. Botswana, like many other countries in sub-Saharan Africa, has tried to address the problem of intimate partner violence with legislations prescribing punitive measures for the perpetrators and protection for the victims. The effectiveness of these measures in reducing the prevalence of intimate partner violence is doubtful. This article is to motivate for an alternative primary preventive approach to the problem as a more pragmatic option.


Assuntos
Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/prevenção & controle , Prevenção Primária/métodos , Botsuana/epidemiologia , Aconselhamento , Feminino , Violência de Gênero , Educação em Saúde , Humanos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/legislação & jurisprudência , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/estatística & dados numéricos , Aplicação da Lei , Masculino , Negociação , Sexismo , Parceiros Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
BMC Int Health Hum Rights ; 18(1): 22, 2018 05 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29801498

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although violence against women (VAW) is a global public health issue, its importance as a health issue is often unrecognized in legal and health policy documents. This paper uses Sri Lanka as a case study to explore the factors influencing the national policy response to VAW, particularly by the health sector. METHODS: A document based health policy analysis was conducted to examine current policy responses to VAW in Sri Lanka using the Shiffman and Smith (2007) policy analysis framework. RESULTS: The findings suggest that the networks and influences of various actors in Sri Lanka, and their ideas used to frame the issue of VAW, have been particularly important in shaping the nature of the policy response to date. The Ministry of Women and Child Affairs led the national response on VAW, but suffered from limited financial and political support. Results also suggest that there was low engagement by the health sector in the initial policy response to VAW in Sri Lanka, which focused primarily on criminal legislation, following global influences. Furthermore, a lack of empirical data on VAW has impeded its promotion as a health policy issue, despite financial support from international organisations enabling an initial health systems response by the Ministry of Health. Until a legal framework was established (2005), the political context provided limited opportunities for VAW to also be construed as a health issue. It was only then that the Ministry of Health got legitimacy to institutionalise VAW services. CONCLUSION: Nearly a decade later, a change in government has led to a new national plan on VAW, giving a clear role to the health sector in the fight against VAW. High-level political will, criminalisation of violence, coalesced women's groups advocating for legislative change, prevalence data, and financial support from influential institutions are all critical elements helping frame violence as a national public health issue.


Assuntos
Política de Saúde , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Formulação de Políticas , Política , Vítimas de Crime , Feminino , Setor de Assistência à Saúde , Direitos Humanos , Humanos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/legislação & jurisprudência , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/prevenção & controle , Sri Lanka
9.
Nurse Pract ; 43(5): 14-20, 2018 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29624515

RESUMO

Intimate partner violence continues to be a challenge for advanced practice registered nurses to address and manage in their daily practice. This article reviews current healthcare concerns in heterosexual, bisexual, transgender, and lesbian women, and explores screening guidelines and resources for developing successful screening habits. Additionally, the article discusses how the Transtheoretical Model and Stages of Change offers insight into the behavior of women who experience intimate partner violence and provides safety strategies for these women.


Assuntos
Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Avaliação em Enfermagem , Procedimentos Clínicos , Feminino , Humanos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/legislação & jurisprudência , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Segurança do Paciente , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Presse Med ; 47(1): e1-e8, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29373282

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to identify characteristics of victims of sexual assault or domestic violence who consulted in a Department of Forensic Medicine without a formal complaint to the police. METHODS: observational study (03/01/2014-08/31/2015) of individuals (age>15years) consulting in a Department of Forensic Medicine near Paris, France, after a sexual assault or domestic violence. Among the individuals who were examined in the department of Forensic Medicine, we compared the individuals who had not complained to the police to those who had complained to the police. RESULTS: A hundred and nine individuals have consulted without a prior complaint to the police, including 73 persons after domestic violence (i.e. 4% of all persons examined with or without a complaint to the police) and 36 persons after a sexual assault (i.e. 8% of all persons examined). Regarding domestic violence, the proportion of persons presenting recent traumatic injuries was lower among those who did not complain to the police than among those who did (64% vs. 78%, P=0.008). Regarding sexual violence, the persons who did not complain to the police were more frequently uncertain about the assault (42% vs. 13%, P<0.001), reported more frequently a recent alcohol or drug intake (42% vs. 26%, P=0.039) and less frequently showed extragenital traumatic injuries than the persons who did complain to the police (22% vs. 43%, P=0.016). CONCLUSION: the persons examined who had not complained to the police accounted for less than one in 20. The extension of the activity of a Department of Forensic Medicine to persons who do not want to be involved in a judicial process is not sufficient for the majority of victims to consult a forensic physician.


Assuntos
Medicina Legal/estatística & dados numéricos , Departamentos Hospitalares/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Aplicação da Lei , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Exame Físico , Estupro/diagnóstico , Violência , Ferimentos e Lesões/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Feminino , Medicina Legal/organização & administração , França/epidemiologia , Genitália/lesões , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Departamentos Hospitalares/organização & administração , Humanos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/legislação & jurisprudência , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exame Físico/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Prospectivos , Estupro/legislação & jurisprudência , Estupro/psicologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Violência/legislação & jurisprudência , Violência/psicologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/etiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
11.
Violence Against Women ; 24(12): 1474-1496, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29355079

RESUMO

One in three U.S. women has experienced intimate partner violence (IPV) and many seek domestic violence protective orders (DVPOs) for secondary IPV prevention. Because judges have considerable autonomy making DVPO decisions, there is a need to describe how courtroom interactions and information available to judges may influence DVPO dispositions. We conducted DVPO hearing observations and phone interviews with District Court Judges. Qualitative themes emerged that may influence judges' decision making in DVPO hearings: case information availability, judge engagement level, and litigant credibility. Recommendations include more time for judges to review case files, IPV-related training for judges, and increased court advocate use.


Assuntos
Mulheres Maltratadas/legislação & jurisprudência , Vítimas de Crime/legislação & jurisprudência , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/legislação & jurisprudência , Comportamento de Escolha , Feminino , Humanos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/prevenção & controle , Função Jurisdicional , Masculino , North Carolina , Pesquisa Qualitativa
12.
Violence Against Women ; 24(7): 816-842, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29332498

RESUMO

The Personal Protection Order (PPO) is one civil intervention all states provide to victims of domestic violence; however, each state varies widely in who can access PPOs, what protections are included in PPOs, and how they are enforced. Given the many changes to state PPO statutes over the last decade, this research replicates and updates DeJong and Burgess-Proctor's research on PPOs' victim-friendliness (using states' 2003 PPO statutes) by examining states' 2014 PPO statutes. Findings suggest that states have become more victim-friendly with most states ranking in the highest category of victim-friendliness. Implications for policy and practice are discussed.


Assuntos
Vítimas de Crime/legislação & jurisprudência , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/legislação & jurisprudência , Política Pública , Vítimas de Crime/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos
13.
Violence Against Women ; 24(14): 1639-1657, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29332517

RESUMO

This study examined Bolivian women's decisions to stay with or leave their violent partners. The theory of planned behavior (TPB) was used as the theoretical framework. One hundred thirty-four women were assessed 3 times over 6 months. The TPB constructs were measured at T1 and T2; relationship status was assessed at T3. At T2, attitudes about staying and leaving predicted the intention to leave. Intention to leave at T2 but not at T1 predicted relationship status at T3. These results suggest that the decision to leave was consolidated between T1 and T2, and attitudes toward staying were most relevant to this decision.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisões , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Bolívia , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/legislação & jurisprudência , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/prevenção & controle , Estudos Longitudinais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Organizações sem Fins Lucrativos/organização & administração
14.
Violence Against Women ; 24(12): 1433-1453, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29332536

RESUMO

This article examines intimate partnership violence as a question of criminal justice policy in Finland, and contributes to criminological discussions regarding oft-stated connections between the politicization of the victim, the treatment of offenders, and repressive criminal justice policies. In this discussion, legislation aiming to regulate and prevent violence against women has often been utilized as an example of such punitive policies. Although criminal policies in Nordic countries differ significantly from more punitive Anglophone policies, punitive tendencies, it has been argued, have increased in the former, too. This article analyzes the change in legal regulations and the criminal political status of intimate partner violence in Finland between 1990 and 2004, while examining the juxtaposition of victims and offenders alongside repressive demands.


Assuntos
Vítimas de Crime/legislação & jurisprudência , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/legislação & jurisprudência , Feminino , Finlândia , Humanos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/prevenção & controle , Masculino
15.
Issues Ment Health Nurs ; 38(10): 852-857, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28956676

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence represents a significant public health problem and a substantial human rights' issue for women and girls throughout the world. Design and Purpose: The purpose of this study was to answer these research questions: What are the current practices for addressing gender violence in the RACS? What do professionals consider to be the current strengths and gaps in policies related to gender violence in this region? By employing a qualitative descriptive approach (Sandelowski, 2000 ), researchers traveled from the US to Bluefields, Nicaragua, in 2012. The multidisciplinary team of two US nurses, a prosecutor, and a victim-witness advocate interviewed 18 key informants, police officers, advocates, and nurses, and observed court processes. METHODS: Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed in the language the interview was conducted in. Researchers coded data independently and identified emergent themes. FINDINGS: Informants described the complexity of the nature and dynamics of gender violence, strongly informed by Nicaragua's fairly progressive laws. The participants described holistic, fully integrated services as the intended functioning of the system. These services were often thwarted by gaps-fragmentation and lack of resources-and were additionally hampered by substantial individual and structural economical obstacles.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/legislação & jurisprudência , Nicarágua , Direitos da Mulher
16.
J Forensic Nurs ; 13(3): 143-146, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28700382

RESUMO

Nearly all states and provinces have laws mandating licensed healthcare professionals to report to law enforcement suspicions and allegations of the abuse of children, older adults, and disabled persons and all incidents of violence by a deadly weapon. However, a few states in the United States additionally mandate providers to report all injuries resultant from reported or suspected domestic/intimate partner violence. This can present a challenge to forensic nurses seeking to protect patient confidentiality and autonomy. This challenge becomes further compounded when a patient desiring to remain anonymous reports sexual assault by their partner, accompanied by bodily injury. This case report explores one such scenario that occurred in a rural Colorado Emergency Department, the issues this presents to forensic nurses, and possible responses.


Assuntos
Enfermagem Forense/ética , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/legislação & jurisprudência , Notificação de Abuso , Colorado , Confidencialidade , Humanos
18.
J Interpers Violence ; 32(12): 1760-1791, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30156987

RESUMO

In the European Union, there continues to be a lack of comprehensive and comparable data on violence against women that can serve to inform policy. In response, the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), which undertakes primary data collection across all 28 EU Member States, published the first European Union-wide survey on violence against women in 2014, which interviewed 42,000 respondents. The findings, which show the extent of violence against women-ranging from intimate partner violence through to sexual harassment-can underpin a renewed policy response to violence at the level of the European Union, based on evidence. Having outlined the survey's approach to data collection, including the methodological challenges of undertaking quantitative survey research across 28 countries, the article briefly describes some of the survey's main findings and follows this by focusing on the realities of nonreporting to different services, which illustrates how the survey's data can be usefully employed to inform policy and practical responses to abuse. The article does not adopt a standard academic journal format for reporting and discussing the analysis of data, but instead focuses on the EU policy backdrop that serves to contextualize the survey and its findings, and which underpins other articles in this special issue that draw in detail on FRA's survey results with respect to specific manifestations of violence against women.


Assuntos
União Europeia , Violência de Gênero/legislação & jurisprudência , Violência de Gênero/prevenção & controle , Política Pública/legislação & jurisprudência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Mulheres , Adulto , Comparação Transcultural , Coleta de Dados/estatística & dados numéricos , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Violência de Gênero/psicologia , Violência de Gênero/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/legislação & jurisprudência , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/prevenção & controle , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , Assédio Sexual/legislação & jurisprudência , Assédio Sexual/prevenção & controle , Assédio Sexual/psicologia , Assédio Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos , Mulheres/psicologia
19.
J Interpers Violence ; 32(13): 1943-1966, 2017 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26088901

RESUMO

The purpose of this research study was to examine the experiences of prosecutors in Athens, Greece, as they implement a restorative justice (RJ; mediation) model in cases of intimate partner violence (IPV). Greece recently enacted a new legislation related to domestic violence, part of the requirement is mediation. This study used semi-structured interviews with 15 public prosecutors at the courts of first instance and three interviews with facilitators of mediation process. The findings indicate widespread role confusion. Prosecutors' experiences, professional positions, and views of RJ in adult cases of gendered violence were shaped by their legal training. That is, their perceptions reflected their work in an adversarial system. Their views were complex yet ultimately unreceptive and their practices failed the victims of IPV. The study report concluded with recommendations for the legislators and for better preparation of court actors.


Assuntos
Direito Penal/legislação & jurisprudência , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/legislação & jurisprudência , Negociação/métodos , Adulto , Comparação Transcultural , Feminino , Identidade de Gênero , Grécia , Humanos , Entrevista Psicológica , Função Jurisdicional , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estupro/legislação & jurisprudência , Valores Sociais
20.
J Interpers Violence ; 32(19): 2998-3026, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26209304

RESUMO

Rapidly growing numbers of female survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV) who are the primary caregivers for their children are being mandated to services by child protective services (CPS) and/or the court system. Research is needed to better understand the experiences of these children; however, such research is hindered by the dearth of empirical evidence to guide researchers in how best to recruit and collect data about and from IPV-exposed children whose families are mandated to services. From a qualitative study with 21 CPS- and/or court-involved mothers, this article reports findings about participants' perspectives regarding research with their IPV-exposed children. Our analyses determined three key findings: (a) mothers' reasons or motivations for allowing their children to participate in research, (b) mothers' reasons for refusing consent for their children to participate, and (c) strategies for increasing research participation among this population. Based on these findings, we offer recommendations for enhancing research participation among IPV-exposed children from CPS- and/or court-involved families mandated to services, including specific recruitment and data collection strategies. These recommendations and strategies also hold value for research with other vulnerable families and children struggling with violence.


Assuntos
Serviços de Proteção Infantil/métodos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/legislação & jurisprudência , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/estatística & dados numéricos , Mães/estatística & dados numéricos , Sobreviventes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Serviços de Proteção Infantil/legislação & jurisprudência , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Motivação , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Sudeste dos Estados Unidos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Sobreviventes/psicologia , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
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