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1.
Sr Care Pharm ; 35(2): 75-80, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32019642

RESUMO

This report describes a case of hypertensive crisis identified by two pharmacists conducting a patient home visit. A 72-year-old woman living in a rural town in Eastern Washington state was referred for a pharmacist home visit by her care coordinator, who had concerns of possible medication-related issues. The patient had a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, ischemic stroke, heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, hypothyroidism, and unspecified back pain. This patient also experienced additional challenges resulting from living in a rural and medically underserved community. During the home visit, the patient's chief complaint was recurrent, painful migraine headaches that she self-treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication. Upon examination, the pharmacists found the patient's blood pressure to be 223/132 mm Hg and her self-monitoring log consistently showed blood pressure readings greater than 180/110 mm Hg with a pulse between 75 bpm to 80 bpm. The patient was referred to the emergency department after determining her blood pressure met criteria for hypertensive crisis despite her adherence to her current antihypertensive regimen. She was hospitalized for three days. After her hospitalization, she was referred to her primary care providers and her pharmacist for follow up. The pharmacist reconciled her current medication regimen and made guideline-directed adjustments to her antihypertensive medications. Six months after her hospitalization her blood pressure was within goal and associated headaches had resolved.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Visita Domiciliar , Idoso , Anti-Hipertensivos , Feminino , Humanos , Farmacêuticos , Washington
2.
N Engl J Med ; 382(2): 152-162, 2020 01 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914242

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is widespread interest in programs aiming to reduce spending and improve health care quality among "superutilizers," patients with very high use of health care services. The "hotspotting" program created by the Camden Coalition of Healthcare Providers (hereafter, the Coalition) has received national attention as a promising superutilizer intervention and has been expanded to cities around the country. In the months after hospital discharge, a team of nurses, social workers, and community health workers visits enrolled patients to coordinate outpatient care and link them with social services. METHODS: We randomly assigned 800 hospitalized patients with medically and socially complex conditions, all with at least one additional hospitalization in the preceding 6 months, to the Coalition's care-transition program or to usual care. The primary outcome was hospital readmission within 180 days after discharge. RESULTS: The 180-day readmission rate was 62.3% in the intervention group and 61.7% in the control group. The adjusted between-group difference was not significant (0.82 percentage points; 95% confidence interval, -5.97 to 7.61). In contrast, a comparison of the intervention-group admissions during the 6 months before and after enrollment misleadingly suggested a 38-percentage-point decline in admissions related to the intervention because the comparison did not account for the similar decline in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: In this randomized, controlled trial involving patients with very high use of health care services, readmission rates were not lower among patients randomly assigned to the Coalition's program than among those who received usual care. (Funded by the National Institute on Aging and others; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02090426; American Economic Association registry number, AEARCTR-0000329.).


Assuntos
Doença Crônica/terapia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente/métodos , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Assistência Ambulatorial/estatística & dados numéricos , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Visita Domiciliar , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , New Jersey , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente/organização & administração , Sumários de Alta do Paciente Hospitalar , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estados Unidos
5.
Rev Saude Publica ; 53: 104, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800915

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To verify if the Melhor em Casa program can actually reduce hospitalization costs. METHODS: We use as an empirical strategy a Regression Discontinuity Design, which reduces endogeneity problems of our model. We also performed tests of heterogeneous responses and robustness. Data on the dependent variable, namely hospitalization costs, were collected in the Department of Informatics of the Unified Health System (DATASUS), using the microdata set from the Hospital Admissions System of the Unified Health System (SUS) from 2010 to 2013, totaling 3,609,384 observations. The covariates or control variables used were age and costs with patients in the intensive care unit, also from DATASUS. RESULTS: The results point out that the Melhor em Casa program effectively reduced hospitalization costs by approximately 4.7% in 2011, 5.8% in 2012 and 10.2% in 2013. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the analyses, we observed that maintaining the program can effectively improve the management of public resources, since it reduced the hospitalization costs in the three years studied. The program reduced hospitalization costs of risk groups and also in situations that usually increase hospital costs such as lack of equipment and elective hospitalizations. Thus, it can be affirmed that the program can reduce hospitalization costs, especially in risk and more vulnerable groups, showing efficiency as a public policy.


Assuntos
Custos de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Custos Hospitalares/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitalização/economia , Visita Domiciliar/economia , Fatores Etários , Brasil , Cidades/economia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/economia , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Valores de Referência , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo
6.
Rev Infirm ; 68(255): 49-50, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31757334
8.
Br J Gen Pract ; 69(688): 543, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672805
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(48): e18032, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770218

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The medical management of chronic respiratory diseases becomes more difficult with the increase in the rate of the elderly population. Monitoring and treating chronic respiratory diseases at home are more comfortable for both the patient and their relatives. Therefore, countries need to develop policies regarding home health services (HHS) according to the state of their social, cultural, and financial infrastructure. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to show the role and contribution of hospital-based HHS regarding respiratory disorders, and to evaluate the model and its efficiency. STUDY DESIGN: The design of this study was cross-sectional. Data were obtained from the Ministry of Health of Turkey with official permission. Data were collected for HHS concerning respiratory diseases between 2011 and 2017. Age and sex distribution, the number of recorded patients, the number of visits for pulmonary diseases, the distribution of institutional visits, and the quantitative alterations within the years were investigated. STUDY POPULATION: The study population was based on patients with respiratory disorders who were given HHS as directed by the Ministry of Health of Turkey. RESULTS: Between 2011 and 2017, the majority of patients with pulmonary diseases, mostly those with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, and lung cancer, visited government hospitals (78%). The number of house visits concerning pulmonary disorders increased nearly ten times, but hospitalization due to respiratory diseases decreased (13.5% in 2011 to 12.9% in 2017). CONCLUSION: Hospital-based HHS in pulmonary diseases can be considered as an appropriate model for implementation for countries like Turkey, those that have inadequate hospice-type health service infrastructure.


Assuntos
Serviços Hospitalares de Assistência Domiciliar/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais Públicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Respiratórias/terapia , Idoso , Asma/terapia , Doença Crônica , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Visita Domiciliar/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia , Turquia
10.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1441, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676001

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Home-based HIV testing and counselling (HB-HTC) is frequently used to increase awareness of HIV status in sub-Saharan Africa. Whereas acceptance of HB-HTC is usually high, testing coverage may remain low due to household members being absent during the home visits. This study assessed whether two consecutive visits, one during the week, one on the weekend, increase coverage. METHODS: The study was a predefined nested-study of the CASCADE-trial protocol and conducted in 62 randomly selected villages and 17 urban areas in Butha-Buthe district, Lesotho. HB-HTC teams visited each village/urban area twice: first during a weekday, followed by a weekend visit to catch-up for household members absent during the week. Primary outcome was HTC coverage after first and second visit. Coverage was defined as all individuals who knew their HIV status out of all household members (present and absent). RESULTS: HB-HTC teams visited 6665 households with 18,286 household members. At first visit, 69.2 and 75.4% of household members were encountered in rural and urban households respectively (p < 0.001) and acceptance for testing was 88.5% in rural and 79.5% in urban areas (p < 0.001), resulting in a coverage of 61.8 and 61.5%, respectively. After catch-up visit, the HTC coverage increased to 71.9% in rural and 69.4% in urban areas. The number of first time testers was higher at the second visit (47% versus 35%, p < 0.001). Direct cost per person tested and per person tested HIV positive were lower during weekdays (10.50 and 335 USD) than during weekends (20 and 1056 USD). CONCLUSIONS: A catch-up visit on weekends increased the proportion of persons knowing their HIV status from 62 to 71% and reached more first-time testers. However, cost per person tested during catch-up visits was nearly twice the cost during first visit. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT02692027 (prospectively registered on February 21, 2016).


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Visita Domiciliar , Programas de Rastreamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Feminino , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde , Visita Domiciliar/economia , Humanos , Lesoto , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos
12.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 751, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31653219

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Unplanned hospital admissions are costly and prevention of these has been a focus for research for decades. With this study we aimed to determine whether discharge planning including a single follow-up home visit reduces readmission rate. The intervention is not representing a new method but contributes to the evidence concerning intensity of the intervention in this patient group. METHODS: This study was a centrally randomized single-center controlled trial comparing intervention to usual care with investigator-blinded outcome assessment. Patients above the age of 65 were discharged from a single Danish hospital during 2013-2014 serving a rural and low socioeconomic area. For intervention patients study and department nurses reviewed discharge planning the day before discharge. On the day of discharge, study nurses accompanied the patient to their home, where they met with the municipal nurse. Together with the patient they reviewed cognitive skills, medicine, nutrition, mobility, functional status, and future appointments in the health care sector and intervened if appropriate. Readmission at any hospital in Denmark within 8, 30, and 180 days after discharge is reported. Secondary outcomes were time to first readmission, number of readmissions, length of stay, and readmission with Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions, visits to general practitioners, municipal services, and mortality. RESULTS: One thousand forty-nine patients aged > 65 years discharged from medical, geriatric, emergency, surgical or orthopedic departments met inclusion criteria characteristic of frailty, e.g. low functional status, need of more personal help and multiple medications. Among 945 eligible patients, 544 were randomized. Seven patients died before discharge. 56% in the intervention group and 54% in the control group were readmitted (p = 0.71) and 23% from the intervention group and 22% from the control group died within 180 days. There were no significant differences between intervention and control groups concerning other secondary outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: There was no effect of a single follow-up home visit on readmission in a group of frail elderly patients discharged from hospital. TRIAL REGISTRATION: https://clinicaltrials.gov (identifier NCT02318680), retrospectively registered December 11, 2014.


Assuntos
Idoso Fragilizado , Visita Domiciliar , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Dinamarca , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Alta do Paciente
16.
Metas enferm ; 22(7): 5-14, sept. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184096

RESUMO

Objetivo: identificar las reacciones de los cuidadores familiares de pacientes con demencia en el cuidado que realizan en el ámbito domiciliario frente al cuidado efectuado en el ámbito de institucionalización de larga estancia; y estudiar la evolución en tres meses. Método: estudio analítico observacional de cohorte prospectivo en pacientes con demencia y sus cuidadores familiares (n= 287) que viven en su domicilio (PDD) o en centros de larga estancia, (PDI) que respondieron al cuestionario validado Caregiver Reaction Assessment (CRA). Tratamiento estadístico: prueba t para muestras repetidas, prueba t para muestras independientes y prueba de signos de Wilcoxon. Este estudio forma parte del proyecto europeo RightTimePlaceCare (RTPC). Resultados: se incluyeron 241 cuidadores familiares de PDD (n= 155) y de PDI (n= 86). En las subescalas de CRA en basal, en el grupo PDD tenían menos apoyo por parte de las familias (11 vs. 13; p= 0,006), mayores interferencias en las actividades de la vida diaria por el hecho de cuidar (16 vs. 18; p= 0,020), y consideraban una menor influencia de cuidar en sus finanzas comparado con el grupo PDI (10 vs. 7; p< 0,001). En el grupo PDD hubo una ligera mejora en las interferencias de las AVD (18 basal vs. 17 seguimiento; p= 0,041). Conclusión: en las reacciones de quienes cuidan de pacientes con demencia, el impacto más acentuado se produce en las interferencias de la vida diaria de los cuidadores domiciliarios y a los tres meses de seguimiento hay una mejora en esta dimensión. Además, cuando el paciente con demencia está institucionalizado el cuidador tiene mayor apoyo familiar. Estos resultados dan claves para que profesionales sanitarios enfoquen los cuidados dirigidos a la salud física


Objective: to identify the reactions of family caregivers for patients with dementia regarding their care in the home setting vs. care conducted in the long-term institutionalized setting; and to study their evolution at 3 months. Method: a prospective analytical observational cohort study in patients with dementia and their family caregivers (n= 287) who live at home (PDD) or in long-stay centers (PDI), and who answered the validated questionnaire Caregiver Reaction Assessment (CRA). Statistical treatment: t test for paired samples, t test for independent samples, and Wilcoxon signed-rank test. This study is part of the European project RightTimePlaceCare (RTPC). Results: the study included 241 family caregivers of PDD (n= 155) and PDI (n= 86). In the CRA sub-scales at baseline, those in the PDD arm had less support by their families (11 vs. 13; p= 0.006), higher interference in daily life activities (DLA) due to their caregiving (16 vs. 18; p= 0.020), and they considered there was a lower impact of care on their economy vs. the PDI arm (10 vs. 7; p< 0.001). There was a slight improvement in the PDD arm regarding DLA interferences (18 at baseline vs. 17 at follow-up; p= 0.041). Conclusion: in terms of the reactions of those who care for dementia patients, the highest impact occurs in daily life interferences for home caregivers, and at 3 months of follow-up there is an improvement in this dimension. Moreover, when the patient with dementia becomes institutionalized, there is higher family support for the caregiver. These results provide the keys for healthcare professionals to focus their care on the physical, psychological and social health of caregivers


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cuidadores , Demência/enfermagem , Visita Domiciliar , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Saúde do Idoso Institucionalizado , Demência/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Saúde Mental , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Prospectivos
17.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 19(1): 288, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31409297

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Option B+ is a comprehensive antiretroviral treatment (ART) designed for HIV-infected pregnant/ postpartum women. However, barriers to implementing Option B+ and establishing long-term ART adherence while facilitating retention in prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) services remain. Community-based mentor mothers (cMMs) who can provide home-based support for PMTCT services may address some of the barriers to successful adoption and retention in Option B+. Thus, we evaluated the acceptability of using cMMs as home-based support for PMTCT services. METHODS: Gender-matched in-depth interviews were conducted between September-November 2014 for HIV-infected pregnant/postpartum women and their male partners living in southwestern Kenya (n = 40); additionally, we conducted four focus groups involving 30 health workers (n = 70) within four health facilities. Audio-recordings were transcribed, translated, and then coded using a thematic analytical approach in which data were deductively and inductively coded with support from prior literature, identified themes within the interview guides, and emerging themes from the transcripts utilizing Dedoose software. RESULTS: Overall, the study results suggest high acceptability of cMMs among individual participants and health workers. Stigma reduction, improvement of utilization of health care services, as well as ART adherence were most frequently discussed potential benefits of cMMs. Participants pictured a cMM as someone acting as a role model and confidant, and who was over 30 years old. Many respondents raised concerns about breaches of confidentiality and inadvertent disclosure. Respondent suggestions to overcome these issues included the cMM working in different communities than where she lives and attending home-visits with no identifying clothing as an HIV-related health worker. CONCLUSIONS: The home-based cMM approach may be a beneficial and acceptable strategy for promoting ART adherence and retention within PMTCT services for pregnant/postpartum women living with HIV. Considering the risks of inadvertent disclosure of HIV-infected status and related negative consequences for pregnant/postpartum women living with HIV, similar cMM program designs may benefit from recognizing and addressing these risks. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The MOTIVATE! study was registered on July 7, 2015 at the ClinicalTrials.gov ( NCT02491177 ).


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa/prevenção & controle , Mentores , Mães , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Gestantes , Apoio Social , Adulto , Serviços de Saúde Comunitária , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Pessoal de Saúde , Visita Domiciliar , Humanos , Quênia , Masculino , Adesão à Medicação , Grupo Associado , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Cônjuges , Adulto Jovem
18.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 556-560, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437985

RESUMO

As pressures on healthcare systems increase, due to an ageing population, hospital admission avoidance interventions have been emphasised. These interventions can be difficult to objectively evaluate due to non-randomised roll-out, requiring observational methods with carefully selected control groups. This study aims to identify the defining characteristics of elderly patients receiving admission avoidance home visits. We conducted a record linkage study using routinely collected data to compare characteristics and outcomes of the general elderly population and a subset of high-risk patients. Intervention patients were found to have significantly different demographics and admission rates compared to the general population, having four times higher admission rates at baseline. However, they share similarities with high-risk patients, particularly in that after a period of increased admissions, both groups experienced a reduction in the following year. Identifying defining characteristics of the target intervention population can guide the careful selection of a control group for evaluation.


Assuntos
Hospitalização , Visita Domiciliar , Idoso , Hospitais , Humanos , Pacientes
19.
Br J Community Nurs ; 24(8): 377-379, 2019 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31369313

RESUMO

District nurses and their teams often work in isolation during domiciliary visits. As employers, providers of district nursing services have responsibility to ensure that appropriate policies and procedures are in place to keep district nursing teams safe. If the employer fails to do everything that was reasonable in the circumstances to keep the employee safe, the employer can be deemed to have breached their duty of care. Employees also have responsibility for their own health and wellbeing at work, and they are entitled by law to refuse to undertake work that is not safe, without fear of disciplinary action. Staff training in risk management, personal safety, handling aggressive behaviour, using safety devices such as mobile phone trackers, incident reporting and debriefing are essential for district nurses and their teams, as they face a steeply increased demand for their services and a severely compromised skill mix within their teams.


Assuntos
Enfermagem em Saúde Comunitária/normas , Emprego/normas , Guias como Assunto , Visita Domiciliar , Enfermeiras de Saúde Comunitária/normas , Gestão da Segurança/normas , Especialidades de Enfermagem/normas , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reino Unido
20.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 531, 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362748

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In France, general practitioners (GPs) perform out-of-hours home visits (OOH-HVs) after physician-led telephone triage at the emergency call centre. The quality of a systematic physician-led triage has not been determined in France and may affect the efficiency of the OOH-HV process. The objectives of this study were first, to evaluate the quality of reporting in the electronic patient's file after such triage and second, to analyse the factors associated with altered reporting. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in a French urban emergency call centre (district of Paris area) from January to December 2015. For a random selection of 30 days, data were collected from electronic medical files that ended with an OOH-HV decision. Missing key quality criteria (medical interrogation, diagnostic hypothesis or ruled-out severity criteria) were analysed by univariate then multivariate logistic regression, adjusted on patient, temporal and organizational data. RESULTS: Among 10,284 OOH-HVs performed in 2015, 748 medical files were selected. Reasons for the encounter were digestive tract symptoms (22%), fever (19%), ear nose and throat symptoms, and cardiovascular and respiratory problems (6% each). Medical interrogation was not reported in 2% of files (n = 16/748) and a diagnostic hypothesis in 58% (n = 432/748); ruled-out severity criteria were not reported in 60% (n = 449/748). On multivariate analysis, altered reporting was related to the work overload of triage assistants (number of incoming calls, call duration, telephone occupation rate; p < 0.03). CONCLUSION: In the electronic files of patients requiring an OOH-HV by a GP in a French urban area, quality in medical reporting appeared to depend on organizational factors only, especially the triage assistants-related work factors. Corrective measures are needed to ensure good quality of triage and care.


Assuntos
Call Centers , Documentação/estatística & dados numéricos , Clínicos Gerais , Telefone , Triagem/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Plantão Médico , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , França , Visita Domiciliar , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
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