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1.
Sex Reprod Healthc ; 30: 100672, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34741842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: According to the WHO, the quality of care is not conditioned by the length of stay at the postnatal ward. As long as the postnatal care provided is of high quality, it could be better for the family to stay in their home. AIM: Firstly, to examine parents' experiences of early discharge and home visits by the postnatal ward midwife, in cases where the mother and baby have been discharged within 24 h after birth. Secondly, to examine participants' motivation for opting for early discharge from the hospital. METHODS: 10 individual interviews were conducted, including five where both parents were present. The interviews were carried out 4-12 weeks after birth. The data were analysed using systematic text condensation. RESULTS: The choice of early discharge was influenced by external factors like a wish to be together as a family while receiving sufficient support from both family and midwife. Internal factors, like previous experience, were also significant. The presence and attitude of the midwife, both in professional and practical terms, affected how the parents perceived postnatal care. Home visits from the midwife also affected the parents' feeling of security. CONCLUSION: An offer of home visits from the midwife of the postnatal ward enables parents who wish to leave the hospital shortly after birth to receive the necessary care and support in the early postnatal period. This offer is suitable for healthy women who have given birth to a healthy baby and wish to return home not long after birth.


Assuntos
Tocologia , Feminino , Hospitais , Visita Domiciliar , Humanos , Pais , Alta do Paciente , Cuidado Pós-Natal , Gravidez
2.
J Glob Health ; 11: 04060, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34737860

RESUMO

Background: Home visits by community health workers are promoted to improve the coverage and uptake of evidence-based newborn services and behaviours. However, evidence on the effectiveness of these home visits delivered through government systems at scale is limited, as is evidence from the post-neonatal period. From 2013 to 2017, the Government of India piloted an intervention called Home Based Newborn Care Plus with the goal of reducing pneumonia- and diarrhoea-related morbidity and malnutrition. Village-based Accredited Social Health Activists were incentivised to make quarterly home visits to infants between three and 12 months of age. After the pilot, the intervention was adapted and scaled up nationally (with an additional visit at 15 months of age) as a new programme called Home Based Care for Young Child. Methods: The study used a quasi-experimental, difference-in-differences method to assess the quantitative impact on key outcome indicators by comparing changes over time in treatment districts with matched control districts. This was supplemented by a quantitative health worker survey and qualitative data collected at worker and community level. Results: The intervention led to a significant increase in the number of home visits, and their content became more aligned with Home Based Newborn Care Plus protocols. However, absolute levels of coverage remained low. The intervention had no detectable effect on the key outcomes of feeding practices, handwashing, iron and folic acid and oral rehydration solution supplementation, growth monitoring, and immunisation. Conclusions: Given the scale up of Home-Based Care for Young Child, there is a need to identify appropriate and comprehensive support for Accredited Social Health Activists to attain high coverage and quality and deliver impact. This will require reconsidering current design elements (such as incentives) and solving the underlying demand side and system level challenges (such as workload and supply chains) constraining Accredited Social Health Activists.


Assuntos
Agentes Comunitários de Saúde , Desnutrição , Criança , Visita Domiciliar , Humanos , Índia , Lactente , Saúde do Lactente , Recém-Nascido
3.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 536, 2021 10 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663274

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Older people are encouraged to remain community dwelling, even when they become care-dependent. Not every dental practice is prepared or able to provide care to community-dwelling frail older people, while their ability to maintain oral health and to visit a dentist is decreasing, amongst others due to multiple chronic diseases and/or mobility problems. The public oral health project 'Don't forget the mouth! (DFTM!) aimed to improve the oral health of this population, by means of early recognition of decreased oral health as well as by establishing interprofessional care. A process evaluation was designed to scientifically evaluate the implementation of this project. METHODS: The project was implemented in 14 towns in The Netherlands. In each town, health care professionals from a general practice, a dental practice, and a homecare organization participated. The process evaluation framework focused on fidelity, dose, adaptation, and reach. Each of the items were examined on levels of implementation: macro-level, meso-level, and micro-level. Mixed methods (i.e., quantitative and qualitative methods) were used for data collection. RESULTS: The experiences of 50 health care professionals were evaluated with questionnaires, 22 semi-structured interviews were conducted, and the oral health of 407 community-dwelling frail older people was assessed. On each level of implementation, oral health care was integrated in the daily routine. On macro-level, education was planned (dose, adaption), and dental practices organized home visits (adaption). On meso-level, health care professionals attended meetings of the project (fidelity), worked interprofessionally, and used a screening-referral tool of the project DFTM! in daily practice (dose, adaption, reach). On micro-level, the frail older people participated in the screening of oral health (fidelity, dose), had their daily oral hygiene care observed (adaption) and supported if necessary, and some had themselves referred to a dental practice (reach). The semi-structured interviews also showed that the project increased the oral health awareness amongst health care professionals. CONCLUSIONS: The project DFTM! was, in general, implemented and delivered as planned. Factors that contributed positively to the implementation were identified. With large-scale implementation, attention is needed regarding the poor accessibility of the oral health care professional, financial issues, and increased work pressure. Trial registration The Netherlands Trial Register NTR6159, registration done on December 13th 2016. URL: https://www.trialregister.nl/trial/6028.


Assuntos
Idoso Fragilizado , Vida Independente , Idoso , Visita Domiciliar , Humanos , Boca , Saúde Bucal
4.
Swiss Med Wkly ; 151: w30062, 2021 09 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34652092

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: When a home visit is considered, patients' suspected health problems are important for correct triage, the decision for or against the visit and allocation of the visit to a general practitioner (GP) or a nurse practitioner. Misjudgment might lead to suboptimal patient outcomes. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the accuracy of suspected health problems (based on pre-visit assessments) by comparing them with the actual health problems (post-visit assessments) and investigating associated factors. METHODS: GPs of the Swiss Sentinel Surveillance Network (Sentinella) reported pre-visit and post-visit assessments and patient characteristics for up to 20 consecutive home visits, which they conducted in 2019. Using multivariable logistic regressions, we investigated associations between patient and clinical factors and unconfirmed suspected health problems from pre-visit assessments and unforeseen actual health problems from post-visit assessments. RESULTS: Overall, 114 GP practices participated. The GPs reported 1496 patient visits with a total of 1789 and 1762 health problems from pre-visit and post-visit assessments, respectively, that were included in the analysis. Musculoskeletal and circulatory problems were the most common in patients receiving home visits. The health problems from pre-visit and post-visit assessments were unconfirmed and unforeseen in15% and 13% of the cases, respectively. Older age (odds ratio [OR] 1.1 in 10-year steps; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.0-1.3) and urgent visits (OR 1.7 compared with regular visits; 95% CI 1.1-2.6) showed a trend for more unforeseen health problems. CONCLUSION: When home visits were conducted, about one out of seven health problems from pre-visit and post-visit assessments were unconfirmed and unforeseen. Particularly when patients were older or visits were urgent, there were higher odds of unconfirmed and unforeseen health problems.These results should be considered when triaging patients.


Assuntos
Clínicos Gerais , Visita Domiciliar , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Suíça , Triagem
5.
BMC Pediatr ; 21(1): 452, 2021 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649513

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Children from socioeconomically disadvantaged families have a markedly elevated risk for impaired cognitive and social-emotional development. Children in poverty experience have a high risk for developmental delays. Poverty engenders disproportionate exposure to psychological adversity which may contribute to impaired offspring development; however the effect may be mitigated by social support and other aspects of resilience. Our objective was to determine the association between maternal stress, adversity and social support and early infant neurobehavior and child behavior at two and three years. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal mother-infant cohort study nested within a regional home visiting program in Cincinnati, Ohio. Four home study visits were completed to collect measures of maternal stress, adversity and social support and infant and child behavior. A measure of infant neurobehavior ('high-arousal' infant) was derived from the NICU Network Neurobehavioral Scale (NNNS) at 1 month and externalizing and internalizing symptoms were measured by the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) at 24 and 36 months. Linear and logistic regression identified associations between maternal risk/protective factors and infant and child behavioral measures. We used stratification and multiplicative interaction terms to examine potential interactions. RESULTS: We enrolled n = 55 pregnant mothers and follow 53 mother-offspring dyads at 1 month, 40 dyads at 24 months and 27 dyads at 36 months. Maternal adversity and protective factors were not associated with neurobehavior at one month. However, maternal depression and measures of distress in pregnancy were significantly associated with internalizing and externalizing symptoms at 24 and 36 months. CONCLUSIONS: This pilot study established the feasibility of conducting longitudinal research within a community intervention program. In addition, although there were no statistically significant associations between maternal psychosocial factors in pregnancy and infant neurobehavior, there were several associations at 24 months, primarily internalizing symptoms, which persisted through 36 months. Future work will replicate findings within a larger study as well as explore mediators and modifiers of these associations.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Infantil , Mães , Estudos de Coortes , Depressão , Feminino , Visita Domiciliar , Humanos , Lactente , Projetos Piloto , Gravidez
6.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 1085, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641865

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nigeria is the second biggest contributor to global child mortality. Infectious diseases continue to be major killers. In Bauchi State, Nigeria, a stepped wedge cluster randomised controlled trial tested the health impacts of universal home visits to pregnant women and their spouses. We present here the findings related to early child health. METHODS: The home visits took place in eight wards in Toro Local Government Authority, randomly allocated into four waves with a delay of 1 year between waves. Female and male home visitors visited all pregnant women and their spouses every 2 months during pregnancy, with a follow up visit 12-18 months after the birth. They presented and discussed evidence about household prevention and management of diarrhoea and immunisation. We compared outcomes among children 12-18 months old born to mothers visited during the first year of intervention in each wave (intervention group) with those among children 12-18 months old pre-intervention in subsequent waves (control group). Primary outcomes included prevalence and management of childhood diarrhoea and immunisation status, with intermediate outcomes of household knowledge and actions. Generalised Estimating Equations (GEE), with an exchangeable correlation matrix and ward as cluster, tested the significance of differences in outcomes. RESULTS: The analysis included 1796 intervention and 5109 control children. In GEE models including other characteristics of the children, intervention children were less likely to have suffered diarrhoea in the last 15 days (Odds Ratio (OR) 0.40, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.30-0.53) and more likely to have received increased fluids and continued feeding in their last episode of diarrhoea (OR 6.06, 95% CI 2.58-14.20). Mothers of intervention children were more likely to identify lack of hygiene as a cause of diarrhoea (OR 2.24, 95% CI 1.27-3.95) and their households had better observed hygiene (OR 3.29, 95% CI 1.45-7.45). Intervention children were only slightly more likely to be fully immunised (OR 1.67, 95% CI 0.78-3.57). CONCLUSIONS: Evidence-based home visits to both parents stimulated household actions that improved prevention and management of childhood diarrhoea. Such visits could help to improve child health even in settings with poor access to quality health services. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN82954580 . Date: 11/08/2017. Retrospectively registered.


Assuntos
Saúde da Criança , Visita Domiciliar , Criança , Características da Família , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Nigéria/epidemiologia , Parto , Gravidez
7.
BMC Palliat Care ; 20(1): 151, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592966

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Japan has the largest population of older adults in the world; it is only growing as life expectancy increases worldwide. As such, solutions to potential obstacles must be studied to maintain healthy, productive lives for older adults. In 2011, the Japanese government has started a policy to increase "Elderly Housing with Care Services (EHCS)", which is one of a private rental housing, as a place where safe and secure end-of-life care can be provided. The government expect for them to provide end-of-life care by collaborating with the Home-Visit Nursing Agencies (HVNA). The purpose of this study is to clarify the situation of the end-of-life care provision in EHCS in collaboration with HVNA and to examine the factors that associate with the provision of the end-of-life care in EHCS. METHODS: A two-stage nationwide survey (fax and mail surveys) were conducted. Of the 5,172 HVNA of the National Association for Visiting Nurse Services members, members from 359 agencies visited EHCS. Logistic regression analysis was conducted with the provision of end-of-life care to EHCS in 2017 as the dependent variable, and the following as independent variables: characteristics of HVNA and EHCS; characteristics of residents; collaborations between HVNA and EHCS; and the reasons for starting home-visit nursing. RESULTS: Of the 342 HVNA who responded to the collaborations with EHCS, 21.6% provided end-of-life care. The following factors were significantly associated with the provision of end-of-life care to inmates in elderly care facilities: being affiliated with a HVNA, admitting many residents using long-term care insurance, collaborating with each other for more than three years, and started visiting-nurse services after being requested by a resident's physician. CONCLUSIONS: This study clarified the situation of the provision of end-of-life care in EHCS in collaboration with HVNA and the related factors that help in providing end-of-life care in EHCS.


Assuntos
Habitação para Idosos , Enfermeiros de Saúde Comunitária , Assistência Terminal , Idoso , Visita Domiciliar , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
PLoS Med ; 18(9): e1003744, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582438

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In South Africa, breastfeeding promotion is a national health priority. Regular perinatal home visits by community health workers (CHWs) have helped promote exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in underresourced settings. Innovative, digital approaches including mobile video content have also shown promise, especially as access to mobile technology increases among CHWs. We measured the effects of an animated, mobile video series, the Philani MObile Video Intervention for Exclusive breastfeeding (MOVIE), delivered by a cadre of CHWs ("mentor mothers"). METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a stratified, cluster-randomized controlled trial from November 2018 to March 2020 in Khayelitsha, South Africa. The trial was conducted in collaboration with the Philani Maternal Child Health and Nutrition Trust, a nongovernmental community health organization. We quantified the effect of the MOVIE intervention on EBF at 1 and 5 months (primary outcomes), and on other infant feeding practices and maternal knowledge (secondary outcomes). We randomized 1,502 pregnant women in 84 clusters 1:1 to 2 study arms. Participants' median age was 26 years, 36.9% had completed secondary school, and 18.3% were employed. Mentor mothers in the video intervention arm provided standard-of-care counseling plus the MOVIE intervention; mentor mothers in the control arm provided standard of care only. Within the causal impact evaluation, we nested a mixed-methods performance evaluation measuring mentor mothers' time use and eliciting their subjective experiences through in-depth interviews. At both points of follow-up, we observed no statistically significant differences between the video intervention and the control arm with regard to EBF rates and other infant feeding practices [EBF in the last 24 hours at 1 month: RR 0.93 (95% CI 0.86 to 1.01, P = 0.091); EBF in the last 24 hours at 5 months: RR 0.90 (95% CI 0.77 to 1.04, P = 0.152)]. We observed a small, but significant improvement in maternal knowledge at the 1-month follow-up, but not at the 5-month follow-up. The interpretation of the results from this causal impact evaluation changes when we consider the results of the nested mixed-methods performance evaluation. The mean time spent per home visit was similar across study arms, but the intervention group spent approximately 40% of their visit time viewing videos. The absence of difference in effects on primary and secondary endpoints implies that, for the same time investment, the video intervention was as effective as face-to-face counseling with a mentor mother. The videos were also highly valued by mentor mothers and participants. Study limitations include a high loss to follow-up at 5 months after premature termination of the trial due to the COVID-19 pandemic and changes in mentor mother service demarcations. CONCLUSIONS: This trial measured the effect of a video-based, mobile health (mHealth) intervention, delivered by CHWs during home visits in an underresourced setting. The videos replaced about two-fifths of CHWs' direct engagement time with participants in the intervention arm. The similar outcomes in the 2 study arms thus suggest that the videos were as effective as face-to-face counselling, when CHWs used them to replace a portion of that counselling. Where CHWs are scarce, mHealth video interventions could be a feasible and practical solution, supporting the delivery and scaling of community health promotion services. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study and its outcomes were registered at clinicaltrials.gov (#NCT03688217) on September 27, 2018.


Assuntos
Recursos Audiovisuais , Aleitamento Materno , Serviços de Saúde Comunitária/métodos , Agentes Comunitários de Saúde , Aconselhamento , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Visita Domiciliar , COVID-19 , Feminino , Humanos , Serviços de Saúde Materno-Infantil , Mentores , Mães , Filmes Cinematográficos , Organizações , Pandemias , Gravidez , África do Sul , Gravação de Videoteipe
9.
Int J Equity Health ; 20(1): 215, 2021 09 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34565387

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lack of control over life situations is an important social determinant that may negatively affect parental and child health. This study took place in an area of Stockholm, Sweden with high indications of socioeconomic disadvantage, a large part of the population with foreign background, as well as higher levels of poor health than the county average. It investigated staff perceptions of pathways from situations of low control, potentially leading to health inequities, affecting families enrolled in an early childhood home visiting programme during the Covid-19 pandemic. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were carried out with 23 child health care nurses and parental advisors working in a home visiting programme. The data was analysed using Reflexive Thematic Analysis. RESULTS: The analysis resulted in five pathways on two explanatory levels, affecting parents' health and parenting capacity and children's health and well-being, potentially damaging health and leading to health inequities. The first four pathways related to control at the personal explanatory level: Families facing instability and insecurity; Caring for children in crowded and poor housing conditions; Experiencing restricted access to resources; and Parenting with limited social support. The fifth pathway, Living in a segregated society, covered the collective experience of lack of control on community level. The Covid-19 pandemic was observed to negatively affect all pathways and thus potentially aggravate health inequities for this population. The pandemic has also limited the delivery of home visits to the families which creates further barriers in families' access to resources and increases isolation for parents with already limited social support. CONCLUSIONS: The diversity of pathways connected to health inequities presented in this study highlights the importance of considering this variety of influences when designing interventions for socioeconomically disadvantaged areas. The additional negative consequences of Covid-19 indicate the need for sustainable preventive early childhood interventions for families in such areas. The study also emphasizes the need for further research as well as policy action on possible long-term effects of changing behaviours during the Covid-19 period on child health and health equity. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study was retrospectively registered (11 August 2016) in the ISRCTN registry ( ISRCTN11832097 ).


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Família , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Pandemias , Áreas de Pobreza , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Visita Domiciliar , Humanos , Observação , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Suécia/epidemiologia
10.
Am J Nurs ; 121(10): 52, 2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34554987

RESUMO

According to this study: A high-quality, broad-reaching postpartum nurse home visitation program had long-lasting benefits on the well-being of children and families, including reduced rates of child maltreatment investigations and emergency medical care use.


Assuntos
Maus-Tratos Infantis/prevenção & controle , Enfermagem em Saúde Comunitária , Visita Domiciliar , Período Pós-Parto , Saúde da Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , North Carolina , Fatores Socioeconômicos
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34501951

RESUMO

Although universal health coverage (UHC) is pursued by many countries, not all countries with UHC include dental care in their benefits. Japan, with its long-held tradition of UHC, covers dental care as an essential benefit, and the majority of dental care services are provided to all patients with minimal copayment. Being under UHC, the scope of services as well as prices are regulated by the uniform fee schedule, and dentists submit claims according to the uniform format and fee schedule. The author analyzed the publicly available dental health insurance claims data as well as a sampling survey on dental hygiene to illustrate how Japan's dental care is responding to the challenges from population aging. A marked improvement was found in dental health status in the elderly population as measured by improved tooth-specific survival. The improvement may be attributable to the universal coverage of dental care, as evidenced by the steady increase in home visits by dentists/dental hygienists as well as home oral rehabilitation services.


Assuntos
Visita Domiciliar , Cobertura Universal do Seguro de Saúde , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos , Japão
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34501983

RESUMO

It is important to educate caregivers in order to prevent infant injuries. However, there have been few studies on the effects of education on pregnant women. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of injury prevention group education on this group. Study participants were recruited from a group of pregnant mothers attending an antenatal class in Tokyo. Participants were assigned to either the intervention or control group based on the month in which they attended the existing antenatal class. Both groups received a leaflet on injury prevention, but only the intervention group received an additional short one-shot lecture. The implementation of each of the nine safety practices was assessed during home visits after childbirth. Of the 131 study participants (56 in the control group and 75 in the intervention group), 106 (80.9%) received home visits after birth. Mothers in the intervention group implemented three practices significantly more than those in the control group: Keep soft objects away from the baby's head (38.3% vs. 13.0%), Do not place your baby on a high surface (74.6% vs. 52.2%), and Use the baby carrier correctly (93.3% vs. 76.1%). In the future, we plan to follow up the participants to evaluate the program's long-term effects, and to continue to improve the program.


Assuntos
Gestantes , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Parto Obstétrico , Feminino , Visita Domiciliar , Humanos , Lactente , Parto , Gravidez
13.
J Korean Acad Nurs ; 51(4): 465-477, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497255

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of head monted display based home-visits virtual reality simulation (HVRS) program developed for undergraduate nursing students. METHODS: A nonequivalent control group with a non-synchronized design was utilized and 84 participants (experimental group, 44; control group, 40) were recruited from August 31, 2020 to November 8, 2020 in Gwangju metropolitan city. The HVRS program consisted of scenarios of three nursing cases, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and stroke. Data were analyzed SPSS version 25.0 for Windows. RESULTS: At the completion of HVRS, significant differences were found between groups in knowledge of home-visits (t = 4.73, p < .001), self-confidence (t = 6.63, p < .001), self-efficacy (t = 3.13, p = .002), and clinical competency (t = 4.13, p < .001). No significant difference was shown between groups in nursing knowledge about strokes, a subcategory of knowledge pertaining to home visits. CONCLUSION: The HVRS program developed for undergraduate nursing students is effective in improving knowledge of home-visits, self-confidence, self-efficacy, and clinical competency for nursing students.


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Treinamento por Simulação , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Realidade Virtual , Competência Clínica , Simulação por Computador , Visita Domiciliar , Humanos , Desenvolvimento de Programas
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34574510

RESUMO

Many adverse situations for parenting and healthy child development can be detected before a child's birth. The aim of this project was to develop and test an instrument to use in prenatal home visits, to improve the identification of adverse situations and care needs during pregnancy. The preSPARK is based on a valid and reliable broad-scope structured interview called SPARK (Structured Problem Analysis of Raising Kids). The preSPARK focuses on 12 topics ranging from aspects of the period before pregnancy to future parents' expectations. The preSPARK was tested in daily practice for feasibility and discriminative capacity. User experience was assessed from the perspective of the professional. In total, 64 home visits using the preSPARK were carried out by 21 nurses. About 24% of the expectant parents needed intensive help or immediate action on one or more topics. The risk assessment showed 29% of the participants were at high risk, 40% at increased risk, and 31% at low risk for future parenting and child developmental problems. The nurses indicated that the preSPARK provides a good structure for home visits and gives insight in interrelated factors. The preSPARK is feasible in daily practice and clarifies risks and care needs of expectant parents.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Infantil , Poder Familiar , Criança , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Visita Domiciliar , Humanos , Gravidez , Medição de Risco
15.
Midwifery ; 103: 103140, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34571244

RESUMO

AIM: This study was conducted to determine the effects of midwifery care provided to primiparous mothers during the postpartum period on maternal attachment and post-traumatic growth. METHOD: The study was conducted based on a quasi-experimental model with a pre-test/post-test control group. The population of the study was composed of primiparous mothers who gave birth in a public hospital located in eastern Turkey, and the sample consisted of 128 postpartum women (64 women in the control group and 64 women in the experimental group); the sample size was determined via power analysis. Midwifery care was provided to the mothers in the experimental group throughout their hospitalisation in accordance with the Postpartum Care Management Guidelines (PCMG) published by the Republic of Turkey's Ministry of Health. In addition, 3 home visits were carried out between the postpartum 2nd and 5th days, 13th and 17th days and 36th and 42nd days. The mothers in the control group were not subjected to any intervention. The data were collected using a personal information form, the Maternal Attachment Inventory (MAI) and the Post-traumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI). Statistical analyses were conducted using percentage distribution, arithmetic mean, standard deviation, chi-square testing, independent samples t-testing and dependent samples t-testing. RESULTS: Based on the mean MAI and PTGI pre-test scores, it was determined that the mothers in the experimental and control groups were similar in terms of maternal attachment and post-traumatic growth characteristics (p>0.05). The mean MAI post-test score was 101.85±2.85 in the experimental group and 98.68±5.91 in the control group, and the difference between the groups was statistically significant (p<0.001). The mean PTGI post-test score was 86.21±20.39 in the experimental group and 79.54±22.32 in the control group, and the difference between the groups' mean scores was statistically significant (p<0.05). The mean post-test score of the PTGI Change in Philosophy of Life subscale was 19.37±6.04 in the experimental group and 16.17±6.83 in the control group, and the difference between the mean scores was statistically significant (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: It was determined that the midwifery care provided to primiparous mothers during the postpartum period had a positive effect on levels of post-traumatic growth and maternal attachment.


Assuntos
Tocologia , Crescimento Psicológico Pós-Traumático , Feminino , Visita Domiciliar , Humanos , Mães , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez
17.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 952021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34408124

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The COVID-19 pandemic caused that the Health Department of the Autonomous Region of Madrid redirected the Obstetrics, Gynecology and Neonatology emergency care. On March 24th 2020, the HULP launched a program of postpartum early discharge and home visit. The objective of this work was to detect if the care strategy "Voluntary early discharge and home visit by the midwife (2nd year EIR)" applied by the HULP during the COVID-19 pandemic had any adverse effect on the woman and/or the newborn. METHODS: Cross-sectional observational descriptive study using convenience sampling among women included in the early discharge-home visit program from March 24th to May 5th 2020. 222 medical records and telephone surveys to postpartum women who complied with the inclusion criteria were analyzed. The statistical analysis was performed using SAS 9.4. RESULTS: The average of inpatient time was 25 hours and 15 minutes. 8.6% of newborns were sent back to the HULP, and 2.2% were readmitted for hyperbilirubinemia. 2.3% of parents took their infants to the Emergency Care Unit, but only 0.46% needed readmission. 0.4% of postpartum women were readmitted. At the discharge, 84.2% of newborns exclusively breastfed. After one week of the birth, 73.4% of infants were exclusively breastfeeding, 18% were mixed breastfeeding, and 8.6% were bottle feeding. 89.6% of women believed early discharge was appropriate. Home visit was described as "very satisfactory" in 83.3% of cases, and the care provided, in 88.7% of cases. CONCLUSIONS: With the early discharge-home visit program, continuity of care is provided, health problems were detected and resolved and high maternal satisfaction levels were obtained.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Visita Domiciliar , Pandemias , Alta do Paciente , Cuidado Pós-Natal , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Alta do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidado Pós-Natal/organização & administração , Gravidez , Espanha/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo
19.
Glob Health Action ; 14(1): 1956754, 2021 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402419

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization in 2016 recommended eight or more antenatal care (ANC) contacts for a positive pregnancy experience, however, it is unclear what impact the time spent during the first ANC contact and home visits can have on eight or more ANC contacts. OBJECTIVES: Our study investigated the relationship between time spent during the first ANC contact and eight or more ANC contacts, and between home visits and eight or more ANC contacts. We also assessed the prevalence of eight or more ANC contacts. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 519 mothers with children 12 months old and below attending child welfare clinics in the Nabdam district in the Upper East Region, Ghana. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to assess the relationship between time spent during the first ANC contact, home visits, and eight or more ANC contacts, while controlling for potential confounders. RESULTS: The proportion of mothers who attained eight or more ANC contacts during pregnancy was 31.2%. Spending 20 minutes or more during the first ANC contact was associated with 2.07 times the odds of having eight or more ANC contacts compared to spending less than 20 minutes [adjusted odds ratio (aOR): 2.07, 95% CI: 1.18,3.63]. Mothers who received at least a home visit from skilled health professionals during pregnancy were 2.44 times more likely to have eight or more ANC contacts compared to mothers who were not visited (aOR: 2.44, 95% CI: 1.51,3.94). CONCLUSION: Spending at least 20 minutes during the first ANC contact and home visits were positively associated with eight or more ANC contacts. We recommend that skilled health professionals should spend at least 20 minutes during the first ANC contact as well as encourage home visits in order to increase the coverage of eight or more ANC contacts.


Assuntos
Visita Domiciliar , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Gana , Humanos , Lactente , Mães , Gravidez
20.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 30(10): 106022, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34364011

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the completion rates of a home-based randomized trial, which examined home-based high-intensity respiratory muscle training after stroke compared with sham intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Completion was examined in terms of recruitment (enrolment and retention), intervention (adherence and delivery of home-visits) and measurement (collection of outcomes). RESULTS: Enrolment was 32% and retention was 97% at post-intervention and 84% at follow-up. Adherence to the intervention was high at 87%. Furthermore, 83% of planned home-visits were conducted and 100% of outcomes were collected from those attending measurement sessions. CONCLUSION: This home-based randomized trial demonstrated high rates of enrolment, retention, adherence, delivery of home-visits, and collection of outcomes. Home-based interventions may help to improve completion rates of randomized trials.


Assuntos
Serviços Hospitalares de Assistência Domiciliar , Respiração , Músculos Respiratórios/inervação , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Telerreabilitação , Exercícios Respiratórios , Visita Domiciliar , Humanos , Cooperação do Paciente , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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