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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33588983

RESUMO

A novel mesophilic sulfate-reducing bacterium, strain HN2T, was isolated from groundwater sampled from the subsurface siliceous mudstone of the Wakkanai Formation located in Horonobe, Hokkaido, Japan. The bacterium was Gram-negative and vibrio-shaped, and its motility was conferred by a single polar flagellum. Cells had desulfoviridin. Catalase and oxidase activities were not detected. It grew in the temperature range of 25-40 °C (optimum, 35 °C) and pH range of 6.3-8.1 (optimum, pH 7.2-7.6). It used sulfate, thiosulfate, dimethyl sulfoxide, anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate, Fe3+, and manganese oxide, but not elemental sulfur, nitrite, nitrate, or fumarate as electron acceptors. The strain showed weak growth with sulfite as the electron acceptor. Fermentative growth with pyruvate, lactate and cysteine was observed in the absence of sulfate, but not with malate or fumarate. NaCl was not required, but the strain tolerated up to 40 g l-1. Strain HN2T did not require vitamins. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0 (23.8 %), C18 : 1 ω9t (18.4 %), C18 : 0 (15.0 %), C16 : 0 (14.5 %), and anteiso-C17 :0 (10.1 %). The major respiratory quinone was menaquinone MK-6(H2). The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 56.7 mol%. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, the closest phylogenetic relative of strain HN2T is Desulfovibrio psychrotolerans JS1T (97.0 %). Digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) and average nucleotide identity (ANI) values of the strains HN2T and D. psychrotolerans JS1T were 22.2 and 79.8 %, respectively. Based on the phenotypic and molecular genetic evidence, we propose a novel species, D. subterraneus sp. nov. with the type strain HN2T (=DSM 101010T=NBRC 112213T).


Assuntos
Desulfovibrio/classificação , Água Subterrânea/microbiologia , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Desulfovibrio/isolamento & purificação , Ácidos Graxos/química , Japão , Oxirredução , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Sulfatos , Sulfitos , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33400640

RESUMO

A polyphasic taxonomic approach was used to characterize a Gram-stain-positive bacterium, designated strain CC-CFT486T, isolated from soil sampled in a maize field in Taiwan. Cells of strain CC-CFT486T were short rods, motile with polar flagella, catalase-positive and oxidase-positive. Optimal growth occurred at 30 °Ð¡, pH 8 and 1 % NaCl. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA genes revealed a distinct taxonomic position attained by strain CC-CFT486T associated with Aeromicrobium panacisoli (97.0 % sequence identity), Aeromicrobium lacus (97.0 %), Aeromicrobium erythreum (96.8 %) and Aeromicrobium alkaliterrae (96.8 %), and lower sequence similarity values to other species. Average nucleotide identity (ANI) values were 70.6-77.8 % (n=11) compared within the type strains of the genus Aeromicrobium. Strain CC-CFT486T contained C16 : 0, C17 : 0, C17 : 1 ω8c and C18 : 1 ω9c as the predominant fatty acids. The polar lipid profile consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, two unidentified aminophospholipids and three unknown phospholipids. The cell wall peptidoglycan of strains CC-CFT486T contained ll-diaminopimelic acid (ll-DAP) and the major polyamine was spermidine. The DNA G+C content was 70.6 mol% and the predominant quinone was menaquinone 9 (MK-9). Based on its distinct phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic traits together with results of comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence and ANI analyses, strain CC-CFT486T is proposed to represent a novel Aeromicrobium species, for which the name Aeromicrobium terrae sp. nov. (type strain CC-CFT486T=BCRC 81217T=JCM 33499T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Zea mays/microbiologia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Espermidina/química , Taiwan , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33406031

RESUMO

A non-motile, Gram-staining negative, catalase- and oxidase-positive, crescent-rod shaped bacterium, designated strain CUG 91308T, was isolated from a sediment sample of Qinghai Lake, Qinghai Province, China. Colonies on OSM agar were round, smooth, flat and pinkish-orange in colour. Strain CUG 91308T could grow at 15-37 °C, pH 6-12 and in the presence of up to 7.0 % NaCl (w/v). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain CUG 91308T belonged to the family Cyclobacteriaceae and formed a clade with the genus Lunatimonas in the phylogenetic tree, but separated from any species of the known genera within the family. The genomic DNA G+C content is about 42.1 %. The predominant fatty acids (>10 %) were iso-C15 : 0 (21.1 %), summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c / C16 : 1 ω6c / iso-C15 : 0 2OH) (14.3 %), iso-C17 : 0 3OH (12.3 %) and summed feature 9 (iso-C17 : 1 ω9c / C16 : 0 10-methyl) (10.6 %). The polar lipids of strain CUG 91308T were phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and four unidentified polar lipids. Strain CUG 91308T contained MK-7 as the major respiratory quinone. On the basis of phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic data, strain CUG 91308T represents a novel species of a novel genus in the family Cyclobacteriaceae, for which the name Lunatibacter salilacus gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of the proposed new isolate is CUG 91308T (=KCTC 62636T=CGMCC 1.13593T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Águas Salinas , Álcalis , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33427607

RESUMO

Isolate 4NS15T was isolated from a neglected arid habitat in Kerman, Iran. The strain showed 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values of 98.9 % to the type strains of Kibdelosporangium aridum subsp. aridum, Kibdelosporangium phytohabitans and Kibdelosporangium philippinense and 98.6 % to the type strain K. aridum subsp. largum, respectively. Genome-based phylogenetic analysis revealed that isolate 4NS15T is closely related to Kibdelosporangium aridum subsp. aridum DSM 43828T. The digital DNA-DNA hybridization value between the genome sequences of 4NS15T and strain DSM 43828T is 29.8 %. Strain 4NS15T produces long chains of spores without a sporangium-like structure which can be distinguished from other Kibdelosporangium species. Isolate 4NS15T has a genome size of 10.35 Mbp with a G+C content of 68.1 mol%. Whole-cell hydrolysates of isolate 4NS15T are rich in meso-diaminopimelic acid and cell-wall sugars such as arabinose, galactose, glucose and ribose. Major fatty acids (>10 %) are C16 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and iso-C15 : 0. The phospholipid profile contains diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylhydroxyethanolamine, aminolipid and glycoaminolipid. The predominant menaquinone is MK-9(H4). Based on its phenotypic and genotypic characteristics, isolate 4NS15T (NCCB 100701=CIP 111705=DSM 110728) merits recognition as representing a novel species of the genus Kibdelosporangium, for which the name Kibdelosporangium persicum sp. nov. is proposed.


Assuntos
Actinomyces/classificação , Clima Desértico , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinomyces/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Irã (Geográfico) , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33427608

RESUMO

Two Gram-stain-positive, facultatively aerobic, non-motile and rod- to coccoid-shaped bacterial strains, 23H37-10T and 4HC-13, were isolated from the faeces of greater white-fronted geese (Anser albifrons) at Poyang Lake, Jiangxi Province, PR China. Optimal growth was observed at 35-37 °C, pH 7.0-8.0 and with 0.5-1.5 % (w/v) NaCl. The 16S rRNA gene sequences of strains 23H37-10T and 4HC-13 were identical. Phylogenetic and phylogenomic analyses indicated that strains 23H37-10T and 4HC-13 formed an independent cluster within the genus Corynebacterium and showed 98.8, 97.4, 97.4 and 97.2 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Corynebacterium urogenitale LMM 1652T, Corynebacterium urealyticum DSM 7109T, Corynebacterium falsenii DSM 44353T and Corynebacterium jeikeium NCTC 11913T, respectively. Cells contained C18 :1 ω9c, C18 : 0 and C16 : 0 as the major cellular fatty acids and MK-9 (H2) as the predominant respiratory quinone. The polar lipids comprised diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidyl inositol mannosides, two unidentified phospholipids, four unidentified glycolipids and one unidentified lipid. Strain 23H37-10T contained mycolic acids, with meso-diaminopimelic acid and arabinose as the major whole-cell hydrolysates. The genome G+C content of strains 23H37-10T and 4HC-13 was 55.2 mol%. The digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) and average nucleotide identity (ANI) values between strains 23H37-10T and 4HC-13 were 94.4 and 99.6 %, respectively. Strains 23H37-10T and 4HC-13 had dDDH and ANI values of less than 70 and 96 % with all available genomes of the genus Corynebacterium, respectively. The differential genotypic inferences, together with phenotypic and biochemical characteristics, suggested that strains 23H37-10T and 4HC-13 represent a novel species within the genus Corynebacterium, for which the name Corynebacterium anserum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 23H37-10T (=GDMCC 1.1737T=KACC 21672T).


Assuntos
Corynebacterium/classificação , Fezes/microbiologia , Gansos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , Corynebacterium/isolamento & purificação , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Lagos , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33464201

RESUMO

A novel Gram-negative bacterium, designated G2-14T, was isolated from rhizosphere soil sample collected from apple orchard in Chungju-si, Chungcheongbuk-do, Republic of Korea. Strain G2-14T was a strictly aerobic, non-spore-forming, non-motile and short-rod-shaped bacterium. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain G2-14T was closely related to Mucilaginibacter myungsuensis HMD1056T (96.9 %) and Mucilaginibacter boryungensis BDR-9T (96.8 %). The major cellular fatty acids (>10 %) of strain G2-14T were summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω6с and/or C16:1 ω7с) and iso-C15:0. The predominant quinone and the major polar lipid were menaquinone-7 and phosphatidylethanolamine, respectively. Strain G2-14T produced acetic acid. The DNA G+C content based on whole genome sequences was 46.4 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data, strain G2-14T represents a novel species in the genus Mucilaginibacter, for which the name Mucilaginibacter mali sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is G2-14T (=KCTC 72533T=NBRC 114179T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Malus/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33464202

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, short rod-shaped, pale yellow-pigmented, non-motile and gentamycin-resistant bacterial strain designated CJ210T was isolated from the Han River, Republic of Korea. Strain CJ210T grew optimally at 30 °C and pH 7.0 in the absence of NaCl on tryptic soy agar. Flexirubin-type pigments were not produced. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity showed that strain CJ210T belonged to the genus Myroides within the family Flavobacteriaceae and was most closely related to Myroides odoratus KACC 14347T (98.1 % similarity), followed by M. injenensis KCTC 23367T (95.3 % similarity). The average nucleotide identity values between strain CJ210T and two closely related type strains M. odoratus KACC 14347T and M. injenensis KCTC 23367T were 83.7 and 73.8 %, respectively. The digital DNA-DNA hybridization results between strain CJ210T and the related type strains were 27.5 and 20.2 %, respectively. Strain CJ210T contained menaquinone 6 (MK-6) as the predominant menaquinone. The predominant polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified aminolipids and two unidentified lipids. The major fatty acids of strain CJ210T were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and summed feature 9 (comprising iso-C17 : 1 ω9c and/or C16 : 0 10-methyl). Whole genome sequencing revealed that strain CJ210T had a genome of 3.8 Mbp with 36.5 % DNA G+C content. The genome contained several antimicrobial resistance genes including an aminoglycoside-resistant gene. On the basis of the polyphasic taxonomic study, strain CJ210T represents a novel species in the genus Myroides, for which name Myrodies fluvii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CJ210T (=KACC 19954T=JCM 33306T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Rios/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33470923

RESUMO

An aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, oxidase- and catalase-positive, non-motile, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped and yellow-coloured bacterium designated strain G-6-1-13T was isolated from Gwanggyo mountain forest soil. Strain G-6-1-13T could grow at 15-40 °C (optimum, 20-32 °C), pH 4.5-10.5 (optimum, pH 6.0-9.0), at 2 % (w/v) NaCl concentration, and produced flexirubin-type pigments. Phylogenetic analysis based on its 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain G-6-1-13T formed a lineage within the genus Chitinophaga that was distinct from other species of the genus. Closest member was Chitinophaga varians 10-7 W-9003T (98.6 % sequence similarity) followed by C. eiseniae DSM 22224T (98.4 %), C. qingshengii JN246T (97.6 %) and C. terrae KP01T (97.4%). The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 1 ω5c, and summed feature 3 (iso-C15 : 0 2-OH and/or C16 : 1 ω6c). MK-7 was the sole respiratory quinone. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine and an unidentified phospholipid. The DNA G+C content of strain G-6-1-13T was 48.7 mol%. Average nucleotide identity and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization were below the species threshold. On the basis of phenotypic, genotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic characterization, G-6-1-13T represents a novel species in the genus Chitinophaga, for which the name Chitinophaga fulva sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is G-6-1-13T (=KACC 21624T=NBRC 114361T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Florestas , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33470924

RESUMO

An aerobic, rod-shaped, Gram-stain-positive, actinobacterial strain, designated 1.0914T, was isolated from a stalactite sample collected from a cave located in Guizhou Province, southwest PR China. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain 1.0914T shared highest similarities values with Nocardioides pelophilus CGMCC 4.7388T (97.7 %), Nocardioides immobilis CCTCC AB 2017083T (97.5 %) and Nocardioides silvaticus CCTCC AB 2018079T (97.3 %) and values lower than 97.0 % to other members of the genus Nocardioides. Phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain 1.0914T formed an isolated branch with N. pelophilus CGMCC 4.7388T, N. immobilis CCTCC AB 2017083T and N. silvaticus CCTCC AB 2018079T. The polar lipids contained phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and one unidentified phospholipid in the cellular membrane. The major fatty acids were identified as iso-C16 : 0, C18 : 1 ω9c, C17 : 1 ω8c and C16 : 0. The predominant respiratory quinone was MK-8(H4) and ll-diaminopimelic acid was the diagnostic diamino acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan. The genomic DNA G+C content was 71.1 mol%. The orthologous average nucleotide identiy values between N. pelophilus CGMCC 4.7388T, N. immobilis CCTCC AB 2017083T, N. silvaticus CCTCC 2018079T and strain 1.0914T were 82.3, 81.7 and 81.9 % respectively. DNA-DNA hybridization values between N. pelophilus CGMCC 4.7388T, N. immobilis CCTCC AB 2017083T, N. silvaticus CCTCC 2018079T and strain 1.0914T were 25.2, 24.6 and 24.5 % respectively. The phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic data supported the classification of strain 1.0914T as representing a new species of Nocardioides, for which the name Nocardioides stalactiti sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 1.0914T (=CCTCC AB 2018266T=KCTC 49243T).


Assuntos
Cavernas/microbiologia , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33470927

RESUMO

A novel actinobacterial strain, SB3-45T, was isolated from soil of Cynanchum wilfordii rhizosphere, Jaecheon-si, Chungcheongbuk-do, Republic of Korea. Strain SB3-45T, was Gram-stain-positive, aerobic and coccoid to short rod-shaped bacterium. Growth occurred at 4-37 °C (optimum 28 °C), pH 5-8 (optimum pH 7) and 0-2.5 % NaCl (optimum 0%). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain SB3-45T belonged to the genus Nocardioides and was closely related to Nocardioides opuntiae OS-21T (96.2%) and Nocardioides panacihumi Gsoil 616T (95.9%). ll-DAP as the diamino acid in the peptidoglycan and the menaquinone MK-8(H4) as the predominant isoprenoid quinone were detected. The polar lipids of strain SB3-45T were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and unidentified phospholipid. The major cellular fatty acids (>5%) of strain SB3-45T were iso-C16 : 0, C18 : 1 ω9c and C17 : 0. Based on phylogenetic, physiological and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strain SB3-45T represents a novel species of the genus Nocardioides, for which the name Nocardioides cynanchi sp.nov. is proposed. The type strain is SB3-45T (=KCTC 49133T=NBRC 114107T).


Assuntos
Cynanchum/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33470928

RESUMO

A novel actinomycete, designated strain HC44T, was isolated from a soil sample collected from Hacibektas, Turkey, and characterized using a polyphasic approach. The strain had morphological characteristics and chemotaxonomic properties identical to those of members of the genus Streptomyces. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons revealed that HC44T clustered with members of the genus Streptomyces and the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values were obtained with Streptomyces vastus NBRC 13094T (97.6 %) and Streptomyces kalpinensis TRM 46509T (96.9 %). Multi-locus sequence analysis (MLSA) based on five housekeeping genes (atpD, gyrB, recA, rpoB and trpB) showed that the MLSA evolutionary distance value was 0.043 between strain HC44T and S. vastus NBRC 13094T. Whole-cell hydrolysates contained ll-diaminopimelic acid, glucose, mannose and ribose. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H6) and MK-9(H8). The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol mannoside. The DNA G+C content of the draft genome sequence, consisting of 11.2 Mbp, was 69.8 mol%. On the basis of polyphasic taxonomic evidence, strain HC44T represents a novel species of the genus Streptomyces, for which the name Streptomyces scabichelini sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HC44T (=DSM 106874T=KCTC 39872T).


Assuntos
Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Streptomyces/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Genes Bacterianos , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Streptomyces/isolamento & purificação , Turquia , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33480838

RESUMO

During a project focusing on the diversity of meat microbiota associated with beef ripening, a Pseudomonas strain was isolated exhibiting high 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities (>99 %) to Pseudomonas carnis DSM 107652T, P. lactis DSM 29167T, P. paralactis DSM 29164T and P. azotoformans DSM 18862T. Phylogenetic analysis of the complete rpoB gene sequences of the isolate V5/DAB/2/5T indicated a separate branch with about 99.0 % nucleotide identities to the closest relatives P. carnis DSM 107652T, P. lactis DSM 29167T and P. paralactis DSM 29164T, while average nucleotide identities (ANIb) calculated from the draft genomes were 94.8, 94.2 and 90.2 %, respectively. Pairwise genome-to-genome distance calculations (GGDC) resulted in values of 67.7, 63.5 and 45.7 %, respectively, lying below the actual species demarcation line as well. A second isolate, UBT403, was detected some years later by using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight MS of the microbiota of minced beef. The fatty acid profile of V5/DAB/2/5T consisted of C16 : 0, summed feature C 16 : 1 ω7c/iso-C15 : 0 2-OH, C18 : 1 ω7c, C17 : 0 cyclo, C12 : 0, C12 : 0 3-OH, C10 : 0 3-OH and C12 : 0 2-OH. The major cellular lipids were aminopholipids, phospholipids, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol; the major quinone was Q9 with a minor proportion of Q8. Based on phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characterizations, the isolates can be considered as representing a novel species, for which the name Pseudomonas paracarnis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is V5/DAB/2/5T (=DSM 111363T=LMG 31846T); a second strain is UBT403 (=DSM 111362=LMG 31847).


Assuntos
Microbiologia de Alimentos , Filogenia , Pseudomonas/classificação , Carne Vermelha/microbiologia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Bovinos , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pseudomonas/isolamento & purificação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33502301

RESUMO

A novel actinobacterium, designated strain NEAU-D13T, was isolated from soil collected from Aohan Banner, Chifeng, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China and characterized using a polyphasic approach. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain NEAU-D13T belonged to the genus Lentzea and shared the highest sequence similarity with Lentzea kentuckyensisJCM 14913T (99.17 %). Morphological and chemotaxonomic characteristics of the strain also supported its assignment to the genus Lentzea. Cell walls contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid and the whole-cell sugars were ribose and mannose. The phospholipid profile contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, hydroxyphosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylinositol. The menaquinone was only MK-9(H4). The major fatty acids were iso-C16:0, C16:0, anteiso-C17:0, iso-C15:0 and anteiso-C15:0. DNA G+C content was 68.71 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis using the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the strain formed a stable clade with L. kentuckyensisJCM 14913T in the genus Lentzea. Meanwhile, a combination of digital DNA-DNA hybridization results and some phenotypic characteristics demonstrated that strain NEAU-D13T could be distinguished from its closely related strain. Therefore, it is concluded that strain NEAU-D13T represents a novel species of the genus Lentzea, for which the name Lentzea alba sp. nov. is proposed, with NEAU-D13T (=CCTCC AA 2019089T=JCM 33970T) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Parede Celular/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Mongólia , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33502305

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, motile, facultatively anaerobic rod-shaped bacterium with a polar flagellum, designated strain S7T was isolated from seawater sample collected at Uljin marina, in the East Sea of the Republic of Korea. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain S7T was affiliated with members of genus Ferrimonas, showing the highest sequence similarities to the type strains Ferrimonas senticii P2S11T (95.7 %), Ferrimonas balearica PATT (95.7 %) and Ferrimonas pelagia CBA4601T (95.1 %). The genome was 4.13 Mbp with a DNA G+C content of 49.4 %. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) between S7T and F. senticii P2S11T and F. balearica PATT yielded ANI values of 71.9 and 70.7 %, and dDDH values of 15.1 and 13.9 %, respectively. The genome of S7T was predicted to encode triacylglycerol lipase, phospholipase A1/A2 and lysophospholipase as well as esterase involved in lipolytic processes. Growth was observed at 8-31 °C (optimum 27 °C), at pH 7-9 (optimum pH 7), and with 1-6 % NaCl (optimum 2 %). The respiratory quinones were MK-7 and Q-7 and the major fatty acids (>10 %) were C16 : 0, C16 : 1ω9c, C17 : 1ω8c, and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c). The major polar lipids were identified as phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, two unidentified phospholipids, and three unidentified lipids. On the basis of the results of this polyphasic analysis, it was determined that the strain represents a novel species of the genus Ferrimonas, for which the name Ferrimonas lipolytica sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is S7T (=KCTC 72490T=JCM 33793T).


Assuntos
Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Anaerobiose , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33332255

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, orange-pigmented and strictly aerobic bacterium, designated strain MJ115T, was isolated from seawater in Pohang, South Korea. Cells were non-motile rods and showed positive reactions for catalase and oxidase tests. Growth of strain MJ115T was observed at 4-35 °C (optimum, 30 °C), pH 6.0-7.0 (optimum, pH 6.5) and in the presence of 0-8.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2.0%). Strain MJ115T contained iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 1 ω9c, C17 : 0 2-OH, iso-C16 : 0 3-OH, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c) as major cellular fatty acids and menaquinone-6 as the major respiratory quinone. Phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified aminolipids and four unidentified lipids were detected as major polar lipids. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 40.7 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain MJ115T formed a phyletic lineage with Nonlabens marinus S1-08T, Nonlabens agnitus JC2678T and Nonlabens antarcticus AKS 622T within the genus Nonlabens. Strain MJ115T was also most closely related to N. marinus S1-08T, N. agnitus JC2678T and N. antarcticus AKS 622T with 96.5, 96.4 and 96.0 % 16S rRNA sequence similarities, respectively. Here it is proposed that strain MJ115T represents a new species of the genus Nonlabens, for which the name Nonlabens ponticola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MJ115T (=KCTC 72237T=NBRC 113963T). In addition, the comparison of the whole genome sequences and phenotypic features suggested that Nonlabens tegetincola and Nonlabens sediminis belong to the same species. Therefore, it is proposed that N. sediminis is reclassified as a later heterotypic synonym of N. tegetincola.


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
16.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5467-5472, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894210

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, facultatively anaerobic, endospore-forming bacterium, designated strain TD8T, was isolated from surface-sterilized rice seeds (Oryza sativa L.). Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene indicated that strain TD8T should be placed within the genus Gracilibacillus (95.2-99.0 % sequence similarity); it exhibited highest similarities to Gracilibacillus ureilyticus CGMCC 1.7727T (99.0 %), 'Gracilibacillus xinjiangensis' CGMCC 1.12449T (98.9 %) and Gracilibacillus dipsosauri CGMCC 1.3642T (97.5 %). Chemotaxonomic analysis showed that menaquinone-7 (MK-7) was the major isoprenoid quinone. Diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and one unidentified phospholipid were the major cellular polar lipids, and the major fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0, which supported the allocation of the strain to the genus Gracilibacillus. The digital DNA-DNA hybridization value between strain TD8T and Gracilibacillus ureilyticus CGMCC 1.7727T was lower than 70 % (22.60 %), and the average nucleotide identity score was 79.54±5.09 %, suggesting that strain TD8T represented a novel species in the genus Gracilibacillus. The genomic DNA G+C content was 37.5 %. Based on physiological and biochemical characteristics and genotypic data, strain TD8T represents a novel species of the genus Gracilibacillus, for which the name Gracilibacillus oryzae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TD8T (=ACCC 61556T=CICC 24889T=JCM 33537T).


Assuntos
Bacillaceae/classificação , Oryza/microbiologia , Filogenia , Sementes/microbiologia , Bacillaceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
17.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5460-5466, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894215

RESUMO

A bacterial strain, BIT-d1T, was isolated from the gut of plastic-eating larvae of the coleopteran insect Zophobas atratus. Its taxonomic position was analysed using a polyphasic approach. Cells were white-pigmented, Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, long rods without flagella. The 16S rRNA gene sequence (1401 bp) of strain BIT-d1T showed highest similarity (98.0%) to Myroides pelagicus SM1T and 96.6~92.6 % similarity to the other species of the genus Myroides. The results of phylogenetic analyses, based on the 16S rRNA gene, concatenated sequences of six housekeeping genes (gyrB, dnaK, tuf, murG, atpA and glyA) and genome sequences, placed strain BIT-d1T in a separate lineage among the genus Myroides, family Flavobacteriaceae. The major isoprenoid quinone was menaquinone-6 (MK-6) and the major fatty acids were C15 : 0 iso, C17 : 0 iso 3-OH and summed feature 9 (comprising iso-C17 : 1 ω9c and/or C16 : 0 10-methyl), which were similar to other members in the genus Myroides. In silico DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity calculations plus physiological and biochemical tests exhibited the genotypic and phenotypic differentiation of strain BIT-d1T from the other members of the genus Myroides. Therefore, strain BIT-d1T is considered to represent a novel species within the genus Myroides, for which the name Myroides albus sp. nov is proposed. The type strain is BIT-d1T (=CGMCC 1.17043T=KCTC 72447T).


Assuntos
Besouros/microbiologia , Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Trato Gastrointestinal/microbiologia , Filogenia , Plásticos , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Genes Bacterianos , Larva , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5503-5511, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32910752

RESUMO

Two Gram-stain-positive, strictly aerobic, non-spore-forming actinobacterial strains, designated YC2-7T and YC5-17, were isolated from the Yongcheondonggul (larva cave) in Jeju, Republic of Korea and their taxonomic ranks were examined by a polyphasic approach. The 16S rRNA gene tree showed that the novel isolates occupied an independent position separated from recognized genera of the family Nocardiaceae. In the 92 core gene-based phylogenomic analysis, strain YC2-7T was loosely associated with the type strain of Aldersonia kummingensis with 66.2 % average amino acid identity. The 16S rRNA gene sequence simairity between the isolate and members of the family Nocardiaceae was below 96.7 %. The cell-wall peptidoglycan was meso-diaminopimelic acid as a diagnostic diamino acid. Whole-cell sugars consisted of arabinose, galactose and glucose. The predominant menaquinone was MK-8(H4, ω-cycl). The major polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol mannoside. The cellular fatty acids consisted mainly of saturated and unsaturated components with small amounts of tuberculostearic acid. Mycolic acids of 52-58 carbon atoms were present. The DNA G+C content of the genome was 63.8 mol%. On the basis of combination of morphological and chemotaxonomic differences, in addition to phylogenetic distinctness, the novel isolates are considered to constitute members of a novel species of a new genus in the family Nocardiaceae, for which the name Antrihabitans stalactiti gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YC2-7T (=KACC 19965T=DSM 108733T).


Assuntos
Cavernas/microbiologia , Nocardiaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Ácidos Micólicos/química , Nocardiaceae/isolamento & purificação , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5576-5585, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941125

RESUMO

Two novel Gram-stain-positive bacteria, designated as SCSIO 52909T and SCSIO 52915T, were isolated from a deep-sea sediment sample collected at about 3448 m water depth of the South China Sea. Phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genomic characteristics were investigated. These strains were aerobic and tested positive for catalase activity, oxidase activity and nitrate reduction. Optimal growth occurred at 28 °C, pH 7 and 3% salinity over 14 days cultivation. Its peptidoglycan structure was type A3α (l-Lys-l-Ala) and the only menaquinone was MK-8. Both strains possessed diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified phosphoglycolipid, an unidentified glycolipid and an unidentified phospholipid. Their major fatty acids differed, but both contained iso-branched components of C16 : 0 12-methyl. Genome sequencing revealed two large genomes of 4.58 Mbp with G+C content of 67.0 mol% in SCSIO 52909T and of 4.42 Mbp with G+C content of 69.1 % in SCSIO 52915T. The two novel strains encoded genes for metabolism that are absent in most other Rubrobacter species, and possessed many more gene copy numbers of alkaline phosphatase and thioredoxin reductase. Results of gANI and 16S rRNA gene analyses suggested that the two strains represent two new species, with 74.9, 95.0 % pairwise similarity between each other, and less than 74.3 and 93.5 % to other recognized Rubrobacter species, respectively. In the phylogenetic analysis, strains SCSIO 52909T and SCSIO 52915T were separately clustered together and formed a well-separated phylogenetic branch distinct from the other known species in the genus Rubrobacter. Based on the data presented here, these two strains should be recognized as two new species in the genus Rubrobacter, for which the names Rubrobacter tropicus sp. nov., with the type strain SCSIO 52909T (=KCTC 49412T=CGMCC 1.13853T), and Rubrobacter marinus sp. nov., with the type strain SCSIO 52915T (=KCTC 49411T=CGMCC 1.13852T), are proposed.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Oceano Pacífico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5488-5496, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886593

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, strictly aerobic, rod-shaped bacterium was isolated from deep-sea hydrothermal sulfide in the northwest Indian Ocean Ridge and designated as strain IOP_32T. Strain IOP_32T could grow at 4-40 °C (optimum, 37 °C), pH 5-9 (optimum, pH 7-8) and salinity of 0-12 % NaCl (w/v; optimum, 2-3 %). The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain IOP_32T is most similar to Bizionia fulviae EM7T, Bizionia berychis RA3-3-1T, Bizionia paragorgiae KMM 6029T and Oceanihabitans sediminis S9_10T with 95.5-95.3 % similarity. The phylogenomic analysis indicated that strain IOP_32T forms a distinct lineage with Flaviramulus ichthyoenteri Th78T within the family Flavobacteriaceae. The average nucleotide identity, average amino acid identity and percentage of conserved protein values between strain IOP_32T and the type strains of close genera were 72.3-78.5 %, 67.4-76.9 % and 56.3-61.6 %, respectively. The major cellular fatty acid was anteiso-C15 : 0. The respiratory quinone was MK-6. The polar lipids were mainly composed of phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified aminophospholipid and five unidentified polar lipids. Strain IOP_32T is significantly different from related genera, which is reflected by the wide adaptability to temperature and salinity levels, the composition of phospholipids and fatty acids, and the results of phylogenetic analyses. The phenotypic properties and phylogenetic data suggest that the lineage represents a novel genus and species within the family Flavobacteriaceae, for which the name Wocania indica gen. sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain IOP_32T (=MCCC 1A14017 T=KCTC 62660 T). We also propose the reclassification of Flaviramulus ichthyoenteri as Wocania ichthyoenteri comb. nov. (Th78T=DSM 26285T=JCM 18634T=KCTC 32142T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Fontes Hidrotermais/microbiologia , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Oceano Índico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
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