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1.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5382-5388, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877325

RESUMO

A novel fibrillar matrix-producing, rod-shaped, red-orange, asporogenous, aerobic bacterium, designated DK36T, was isolated from roots of a rice plant in the Ilsan region near Dongguk University, South Korea. Cells of strain DK36T were Gram-stain-negative and motile by means of gliding. The temperature and pH ranges for growth were 7-35 °C (optimum: 30 °C) and pH 5-10 (optimum: pH 7.0). The strain did not require NaCl for growth but tolerated up to 8 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic anlaysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that DK36T formed a monophyletic clade with Adhaeribacter aerophilus 6425 S-25T, Adhaeribacter aerolatus 6515 J-31T and Adhaeribacter swui 17mud1-7T with sequence similarities of 96.3, 95.5 and 95.2%, respectively. The average nucleotide identity and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization values of strain DK36T with the most closely related strains whose whole genomes are publicly available were 72.5-83.6% and 19-28 %, respectively. The strain showed the typical chemotaxonomic characteristics of the genus Adhaeribacter, with the presence of menaquinone MK-7 as the respiratory quinone, and C16 : 1ω5c, iso-C15 : 0 and summed feature 4 (composed of iso-C17 : 1 I/anteiso-C17 : 1 B) as the major fatty acids. The polar lipid profile consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified aminophosphoglycolipid, one unidentified phospholipid, two unidentified aminolipids and five unidentified polar lipids. The genomic DNA G+C content based on the draft genome sequence was 43.4 mol%. The results of physiological and biochemical tests and 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis clearly revealed that strain DK36T represents a novel species of the genus Adhaeribacter, for which the name Adhaeribacter rhizoryzae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is DK36T (=KACC 19902T=NBRC 113689T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Oryza/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
2.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5304-5311, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877326

RESUMO

Two Gram-stain-positive, facultatively anaerobic, motile, aerobic, rod-shaped and non-spore-forming actinobacteria, strains AO-9T and AO-18, were isolated from paddy soil collected from Daejeon, Republic of Korea. Colonies were smooth, lemon-yellow and circular and 0.5-0.8×2.0-2.4 µm in diameter after 3 days of incubation at 28 °C on tryptic soy agar. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strains AO-9T and AO-18 belonged to the genus Cellulomonas, showing the highest sequence similarities to Cellulomonas marina FXJ8.089T (96.6 %), Cellulomonas endophytica SYSUP0004T (96.5 %), Cellulomonas gelida DSM 20111T (96.2 %), Cellulomonas uda DSM 20107T (96.1 %), Cellulomonas rhizosphaerae NEAU-TCZ24T (96.1 %), Cellulomonas composti TR7-06T (96.0 %), Cellulomonas persica JCM 18111T (96.0 %) and less than 96 % to other closely related species. The DNA-DNA hybridization values between strains AO-9T and AO-18 were 87 %. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain AO-9T and type strains of related species of the genus Cellulomonas were 84.0-85.8 % and 20.3-20.9 %, respectively. The major cellular fatty acids are anteiso-C15:0 (49.9 %), C14:0 (12.9 %) and iso-C14:0 (12.1 %). The predominant isoprenoid quinone was MK-9 (H4). The polar lipid profile consists of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and one unidentified lipid. The DNA G+C content was 72.9 mol%. Based on its distinctive phenotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, the two strains are considered to represent novel species of the genus Cellulomonas, for which the name Cellulomonas citrea sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is AO-9T (=KACC 19069T=NBRC 112523T).


Assuntos
Cellulomonas/classificação , Oryza , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Cellulomonas/isolamento & purificação , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
3.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5355-5362, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32881677

RESUMO

Two novel strains (HMF3257T and HMF4905T), isolated from freshwater and bark samples, were investigated to determine their relationships within and between species of the genus Spirosoma by using a polyphasic approach. They were aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, non-motile and rod-shaped bacteria. The major fatty acids (>10%) in both strains were identified as summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c) and C16 : 1 ω5c, while strains HMF3257T and HMF4905T contained a moderately high amount of C16 : 0 and iso-C15 : 0, respectively. The predominant respiratory quinone was MK-7 for both strains. In addition to phosphatidylethanolamine and one unidentified glycolipid, the polar lipid profile of strain HMF3257T consisted of three unidentified aminophospholipids, one unidentified aminolipid and two unidentified polar lipids, and that of strain HMF4905T consisted of one unidentified aminophospholipid, two unidentified aminolipids and three unidentified polar lipids. The DNA G+C contents of strains HMF3257T and HMF4905T were 47.2 and 46.4 mol%, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strains HMF3257T and HMF4905T are closely related to Spirosoma migulaei 15J9-8T (97.0 % sequence similarity), while sharing 97.4 % sequence similarity with each other. The average nucleotide identity value between strains HMF3257T and HMF4905T was 81.1 %, and the digital DNA-DNA hybridization value between these two strains was 24.4 %. Based on the above data, strains HMF3257T and HMF4905T represent two novel members within the genus Spirosoma, for which the names Spirosoma telluris sp. nov. and Spirosoma arboris sp. nov. are proposed, respectively. The type strain of S. telluris is HMF3257T (=KCTC 62463T=NBRC 112670T) and type strain of S. arboris is HMF4905T (=KCTC 72779T=NBRC 114270T).


Assuntos
Cytophagaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Casca de Planta/microbiologia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Cytophagaceae/isolamento & purificação , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pinales/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Árvores/microbiologia , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
4.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5280-5286, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32881678

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped, whitesmoke-coloured and aerobic bacterium, designated strain Co35T, was isolated from the intestine of Collichthys lucidus collected from the Jiangmen Guangdong Chinese White Dolphin Provincial Nature Reserve. Strain Co35T was able to grow at 15-35 °C (optimal 28 °C), at pH 7.0-8.5 (optimal 8.0) and with 0-9 % (w/v) NaCl (optimal 0.5-1 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain Co35T was a member of the genus Aeromicrobium within the family Nocardioidaceae. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain Co35T was 68.4 mol%. Chemotaxonomic analysis showed that the sole respiratory quinone was menaquinone 9 (MK-9), and the major fatty acids included 10-methyl C18 : 0. The polar lipids were found to consist of phosphatidylglycerol (PG), diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylinositol (PI), two unidentified phospholipids (PL1-2) and two unidentified glycolipids (GL1-2). On the basis of its phylogenetic, phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, genotypic and genomic characteristics presented in this study, strain Co35T represents a novel species in the genus Aeromicrobium, for which the name Aeromicrobium piscarium sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Co35T (=KCTC 49280T=MCCC 1K03754T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Perciformes/microbiologia , Filogenia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Intestinos/microbiologia , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
5.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5488-5496, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886593

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, strictly aerobic, rod-shaped bacterium was isolated from deep-sea hydrothermal sulfide in the northwest Indian Ocean Ridge and designated as strain IOP_32T. Strain IOP_32T could grow at 4-40 °C (optimum, 37 °C), pH 5-9 (optimum, pH 7-8) and salinity of 0-12 % NaCl (w/v; optimum, 2-3 %). The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain IOP_32T is most similar to Bizionia fulviae EM7T, Bizionia berychis RA3-3-1T, Bizionia paragorgiae KMM 6029T and Oceanihabitans sediminis S9_10T with 95.5-95.3 % similarity. The phylogenomic analysis indicated that strain IOP_32T forms a distinct lineage with Flaviramulus ichthyoenteri Th78T within the family Flavobacteriaceae. The average nucleotide identity, average amino acid identity and percentage of conserved protein values between strain IOP_32T and the type strains of close genera were 72.3-78.5 %, 67.4-76.9 % and 56.3-61.6 %, respectively. The major cellular fatty acid was anteiso-C15 : 0. The respiratory quinone was MK-6. The polar lipids were mainly composed of phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified aminophospholipid and five unidentified polar lipids. Strain IOP_32T is significantly different from related genera, which is reflected by the wide adaptability to temperature and salinity levels, the composition of phospholipids and fatty acids, and the results of phylogenetic analyses. The phenotypic properties and phylogenetic data suggest that the lineage represents a novel genus and species within the family Flavobacteriaceae, for which the name Wocania indica gen. sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain IOP_32T (=MCCC 1A14017 T=KCTC 62660 T). We also propose the reclassification of Flaviramulus ichthyoenteri as Wocania ichthyoenteri comb. nov. (Th78T=DSM 26285T=JCM 18634T=KCTC 32142T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Fontes Hidrotermais/microbiologia , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Oceano Índico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5425-5431, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886594

RESUMO

An actinobacterial strain, designated KUDC0627T, was isolated from rhizospheric soil that contained Elymus tsukushiensis on the Dokdo Islands, Republic of Korea. Cells were Gram-stain-positive, facultative anaerobic, non-motile and non-endospore-forming cocci. Results of phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain KUDC0627T belongs to the genus Microlunatus and is most closely related to Microlunatus soli DSM 21800T (98.5 %), Microlunatus endophyticus DSM 100019T (97.7 %) and Microlunatus ginsengisoli Gsoil 633T (96.5 %). The average nucleotide identity scores and average amino acid identity values were all below the 95.0 % cut-off point. In silico DNA-DNA hybridization, using the Genome-to-Genome Distance Calculator, estimated that there is 22.3 % DNA relatedness between KUDC0627T and M. soli DSM 21800T. The genomic DNA G+C content was 66.9 mol%. The major menaquinone was MK-9(H4) and the major diagnostic diamino acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan was ll-diaminopimelic acid. The polar lipid profile included diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, unidentified phospholipids, unidentified glycolipids and unidentified lipids. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0. Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and phylogenetic data, strain KUDC0627T (=KCTC 39853T=JCM 32702T) represents a novel species, for which the name Microlunatus elymi sp. nov. is proposed.


Assuntos
Elymus/microbiologia , Filogenia , Propionibacteriaceae/classificação , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Propionibacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
7.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5445-5452, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886595

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, catalase-positive, oxidase-negative, non-mycelium-forming, motile, rod-shaped with one polar flagellum actinobacterium, designated E918T, was isolated from a desert soil collected in Cholistan desert, Pakistan. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain E918T belonged to the genus Arthrobacter and was most closely related to Arthrobacter deserti CGMCC 1.15091T (97.2 % similarity). The peptidoglycan was of the A3α type and the whole-cell sugar profile was found to contain galactose. The major menaquinone was MK-9(H2). The polar lipid profile consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and two unidentified glycolipids. The major fatty acids identified were anteiso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 68.69 mol%. The digital DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity values between strain E918T and A. deserti CGMCC 1.15091T were 28.0 and 83.4%, respectively. On the basis of its phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic features, strain E918T was considered to represent a novel species of the genus Arthrobacter, for which the name Arthrobacter mobilis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Arthrobacter mobilis is E918T (=JCM 33392T=CGMCC 1.16978T).


Assuntos
Arthrobacter/classificação , Clima Desértico , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Arthrobacter/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Paquistão , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
8.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5373-5381, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886596

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium, designated CWB-1T, was isolated from a haloalkaline lake sediment sample collected from the bottom of Chaiwopu Lake, Urumchi, Xinjiang Province, PR China. Strain CWB-1T grew at 4-40 °C (optimum, 30-35 °C), pH 6.5-9.0 (optimum, pH 6.5-7.0) and with 0.5-5.5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2.5-3.0 %). Phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence and the whole genome sequence both revealed that strain CWB-1T belonged to the family Flavobacteriaceae. The strain had the highest similarity of the 16S rRNA gene sequence to Psychroserpens jangbogonensis PAMC 27130T (92.8 %). The genome of strain CWB-1T was 3 548 011 bp long with 36.3 % DNA G+C content. The predominant fatty acids (>10 %) in the CWB-1T cells were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and summed feature 1 (iso-C15 : 1 H/C13 : 0 3-OH). The major respiratory quinone was menaquinone-6 and the major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified aminolipid and two unidentified lipids. Based on the phylogenetic analyses, as well as the phenotypic characteristics, a novel genus and species of the family Flavobacteriaceae, Paucihalobacter ruber gen. nov., sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is CWB-1T (=KCTC 72450T=CGMCC 1.17149T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Álcalis , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5439-5444, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886601

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-positive, non-motile, non-spore-forming, coccobacillus-shaped, strictly aerobic bacterium, designated strain H23T48T, was isolated from the faecal sample of an oriental stork collected from the Seoul Grand Park Zoo in Seoul, Republic of Korea. Optimal growth of strain H23T48T was observed at 30-37 °C, pH 8 and with 3 % (w/v) NaCl. 16S rRNA gene sequence-based phylogenetic analysis revealed that strain H23T48T was closely related to the genus Flaviflexus, with 97.0 and 96.7 % sequence similarities to Flaviflexus salsibiostraticola EBR4-1-2T and Flaviflexus huanghaiensis H5T, respectively. Strain H23T48T possessed MK-9(H4) as the major menaquinone and C16 : 0 (42.4 %), C18 : 1 ω9c (31.3 %) and C14 : 0 (17.7 %) as the major cellular fatty acids. The polar lipids included phosphatidylglycerol, two unidentified lipids, six unidentified phospholipids and two unidentified glycophospholipids. The amino acid composition of the cell-wall peptidoglycan was l-alanine, l-lysine, d-glutamic acid, l-aspartic acid and glycine. The genomic G+C content of strain H23T48T is 59.5 mol% and the average nucleotide identity value between H23T48T and F. salsibiostraticola KCT C33148T (=EBR4-1-2T) is 75.5 %. Based on the obtained data, strain H23T48T represents a novel species of the genus Flaviflexus, for which the name Flaviflexus ciconiae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is H23T48T (=KCTC 49253T=JCM 33282T).


Assuntos
Actinomycetaceae/classificação , Aves/microbiologia , Filogenia , Actinomycetaceae/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Animais de Zoológico/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fezes/microbiologia , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
10.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5460-5466, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894215

RESUMO

A bacterial strain, BIT-d1T, was isolated from the gut of plastic-eating larvae of the coleopteran insect Zophobas atratus. Its taxonomic position was analysed using a polyphasic approach. Cells were white-pigmented, Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, long rods without flagella. The 16S rRNA gene sequence (1401 bp) of strain BIT-d1T showed highest similarity (98.0%) to Myroides pelagicus SM1T and 96.6~92.6 % similarity to the other species of the genus Myroides. The results of phylogenetic analyses, based on the 16S rRNA gene, concatenated sequences of six housekeeping genes (gyrB, dnaK, tuf, murG, atpA and glyA) and genome sequences, placed strain BIT-d1T in a separate lineage among the genus Myroides, family Flavobacteriaceae. The major isoprenoid quinone was menaquinone-6 (MK-6) and the major fatty acids were C15 : 0 iso, C17 : 0 iso 3-OH and summed feature 9 (comprising iso-C17 : 1 ω9c and/or C16 : 0 10-methyl), which were similar to other members in the genus Myroides. In silico DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity calculations plus physiological and biochemical tests exhibited the genotypic and phenotypic differentiation of strain BIT-d1T from the other members of the genus Myroides. Therefore, strain BIT-d1T is considered to represent a novel species within the genus Myroides, for which the name Myroides albus sp. nov is proposed. The type strain is BIT-d1T (=CGMCC 1.17043T=KCTC 72447T).


Assuntos
Besouros/microbiologia , Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Trato Gastrointestinal/microbiologia , Filogenia , Plásticos , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Genes Bacterianos , Larva , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
11.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5467-5472, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894210

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, facultatively anaerobic, endospore-forming bacterium, designated strain TD8T, was isolated from surface-sterilized rice seeds (Oryza sativa L.). Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene indicated that strain TD8T should be placed within the genus Gracilibacillus (95.2-99.0 % sequence similarity); it exhibited highest similarities to Gracilibacillus ureilyticus CGMCC 1.7727T (99.0 %), 'Gracilibacillus xinjiangensis' CGMCC 1.12449T (98.9 %) and Gracilibacillus dipsosauri CGMCC 1.3642T (97.5 %). Chemotaxonomic analysis showed that menaquinone-7 (MK-7) was the major isoprenoid quinone. Diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and one unidentified phospholipid were the major cellular polar lipids, and the major fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0, which supported the allocation of the strain to the genus Gracilibacillus. The digital DNA-DNA hybridization value between strain TD8T and Gracilibacillus ureilyticus CGMCC 1.7727T was lower than 70 % (22.60 %), and the average nucleotide identity score was 79.54±5.09 %, suggesting that strain TD8T represented a novel species in the genus Gracilibacillus. The genomic DNA G+C content was 37.5 %. Based on physiological and biochemical characteristics and genotypic data, strain TD8T represents a novel species of the genus Gracilibacillus, for which the name Gracilibacillus oryzae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TD8T (=ACCC 61556T=CICC 24889T=JCM 33537T).


Assuntos
Bacillaceae/classificação , Oryza/microbiologia , Filogenia , Sementes/microbiologia , Bacillaceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
12.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5432-5438, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32897850

RESUMO

A novel actinomycete strain, CT2-14T, belonging to the genus Nocardia, was isolated from a soil sample collected from Phichit Province, Thailand. The taxonomic position of the strain was characterized using a polyphasic approach. The strain grew at 15-40 °C (optimum, 28-37 °C), pH 6-11 (optimum, pH 6-8) and on an International Streptomyces Project 2 with 4 % (w/v) NaCl agar plate. Meso-diaminopimelic acid was detected in the cell-wall peptidoglycan. Ribose, arabinose and galactose were detected in its whole-cell hydrolysates. Mycolic acids were present. The strain contained C16 : 0, summed feature 3, C17 : 0 10-methyl and C18 : 1 ω9c as the major fatty acids and MK-8(H4ω-cycl) as the major menaquinone. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol mannosides. Strain CT2-14T showed the highest 16S rRNA gene similarity to Nocardia veterana JCM 11307T (98.4 %), Nocardia africana JCM 11438T (98.2 %) and Nocardia kruczakiae JCM 13032T (98.0 %). The draft genome of strain CT2-14T was 7.37 Mb with 6685 coding sequences with an average G+C content of 67.9 mol %. Based on the phylogenomic tree analysis, the strain was closely related to Nocardia niigatensis NBRC 100131T. On the basis of polyphasic and genome analyses, strain CT2-14T represented a novel species of the genus Nocardia for which the name Nocardia aurantiaca sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CT2-14T (=JCM 33775T=TISTR 2838T).


Assuntos
Nocardia/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Nocardia/isolamento & purificação , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Tailândia , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
13.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5503-5511, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32910752

RESUMO

Two Gram-stain-positive, strictly aerobic, non-spore-forming actinobacterial strains, designated YC2-7T and YC5-17, were isolated from the Yongcheondonggul (larva cave) in Jeju, Republic of Korea and their taxonomic ranks were examined by a polyphasic approach. The 16S rRNA gene tree showed that the novel isolates occupied an independent position separated from recognized genera of the family Nocardiaceae. In the 92 core gene-based phylogenomic analysis, strain YC2-7T was loosely associated with the type strain of Aldersonia kummingensis with 66.2 % average amino acid identity. The 16S rRNA gene sequence simairity between the isolate and members of the family Nocardiaceae was below 96.7 %. The cell-wall peptidoglycan was meso-diaminopimelic acid as a diagnostic diamino acid. Whole-cell sugars consisted of arabinose, galactose and glucose. The predominant menaquinone was MK-8(H4, ω-cycl). The major polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol mannoside. The cellular fatty acids consisted mainly of saturated and unsaturated components with small amounts of tuberculostearic acid. Mycolic acids of 52-58 carbon atoms were present. The DNA G+C content of the genome was 63.8 mol%. On the basis of combination of morphological and chemotaxonomic differences, in addition to phylogenetic distinctness, the novel isolates are considered to constitute members of a novel species of a new genus in the family Nocardiaceae, for which the name Antrihabitans stalactiti gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YC2-7T (=KACC 19965T=DSM 108733T).


Assuntos
Cavernas/microbiologia , Nocardiaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Ácidos Micólicos/química , Nocardiaceae/isolamento & purificação , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
14.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5531-5538, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32915126

RESUMO

Two nifH gene-harbouring bacterial strains were isolated from rhizospheres of different vegetable plants grown in different regions of northern PR China. The two strains possessed almost identical 16S rRNA gene sequences. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between the two strains were 99.21 and 93.6% respectively, suggesting they belong to one species. Based on 16S rRNA gene phylogeny, the two strains were clustered together with Paenibacillus rhizophilus 7197T, Paenibacillus sabinae T27T and Paenibacillus forsythiae T98T, but on a separate branch. Novelty of the species was confirmed by ANI and dDDH comparisons between the type strain 7124T and its closest relatives, since the obtained values were considerably below the proposed thresholds for the species delineation. The genome size of strain 7124T was 5.40 Mb, comprising 5050 predicted genes with a DNA G+C content of 52.3 mol%. The polar lipids contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and three unidentified lipids. The major cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15  :  0 (52.9%) and C16  :  0 (23.4 %). Menaquinone-7 was reported as the major respiratory quinone. The diamino acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan was found to be meso-diaminopimelic acid. Based on phylogenetic, genomic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic data, the two isolates are considered to represent a novel species of the genus Paenibacillus, for which the name Paenibacillus apii sp. nov. is proposed, with 7124T (=DSM 103172T=CGMCC 1.15689T) as type strain.


Assuntos
Paenibacillus/classificação , Filogenia , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Verduras/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Paenibacillus/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5567-5575, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32924916

RESUMO

A polyphasic study was carried out to establish the taxonomic position of an acidophilic isolate designated MMS16-CNU292T (=JCM 32302T) from pine grove soil, and provisionally assigned to the genus Kitasatospora. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, the strain formed a novel evolutionary lineage within Kitasatospora and showed highest similarities to Kitasatospora azatica KCTC 9699T (98.75 %), Kitasatospora kifunensis IFO 15206T (98.74 %), Kitasatospora purpeofusca NRRL B-1817T (98.61 %) and Kitasatospora nipponensis HKI 0315T (98.42 %), respectively. Strain MMS16-CNU292T possessed MK-9(H6) and MK-9(H8) as the major menaquinones, and a major amount of meso-diaminopimelic acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan. The whole-cell hydrolysates were rich in galactose, glucose and mannose, and the polar lipids mainly consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol mannosides. The major fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 1-A, anteiso-C15 : 0, and iso-C15 : 0, and the DNA G+C content was 71.5 mol%. The strain exhibited antibacterial activity against a number of bacterial strains, and the activity was generally greater when grown in acidic conditions. The phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic properties enabled distinction of MMS16-CNU292T from related species, and thus the isolate should be recognized as a new species of the genus Kitasatospora, for which the name Kitasatospora acidiphila sp. nov. (type strain=MMS16-CNU292T=KCTC 49011T=JCM 32302T) is proposed.


Assuntos
Filogenia , Pinus/microbiologia , Microbiologia do Solo , Streptomycetaceae/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Florestas , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Streptomycetaceae/isolamento & purificação , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
16.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5576-5585, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941125

RESUMO

Two novel Gram-stain-positive bacteria, designated as SCSIO 52909T and SCSIO 52915T, were isolated from a deep-sea sediment sample collected at about 3448 m water depth of the South China Sea. Phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genomic characteristics were investigated. These strains were aerobic and tested positive for catalase activity, oxidase activity and nitrate reduction. Optimal growth occurred at 28 °C, pH 7 and 3% salinity over 14 days cultivation. Its peptidoglycan structure was type A3α (l-Lys-l-Ala) and the only menaquinone was MK-8. Both strains possessed diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified phosphoglycolipid, an unidentified glycolipid and an unidentified phospholipid. Their major fatty acids differed, but both contained iso-branched components of C16 : 0 12-methyl. Genome sequencing revealed two large genomes of 4.58 Mbp with G+C content of 67.0 mol% in SCSIO 52909T and of 4.42 Mbp with G+C content of 69.1 % in SCSIO 52915T. The two novel strains encoded genes for metabolism that are absent in most other Rubrobacter species, and possessed many more gene copy numbers of alkaline phosphatase and thioredoxin reductase. Results of gANI and 16S rRNA gene analyses suggested that the two strains represent two new species, with 74.9, 95.0 % pairwise similarity between each other, and less than 74.3 and 93.5 % to other recognized Rubrobacter species, respectively. In the phylogenetic analysis, strains SCSIO 52909T and SCSIO 52915T were separately clustered together and formed a well-separated phylogenetic branch distinct from the other known species in the genus Rubrobacter. Based on the data presented here, these two strains should be recognized as two new species in the genus Rubrobacter, for which the names Rubrobacter tropicus sp. nov., with the type strain SCSIO 52909T (=KCTC 49412T=CGMCC 1.13853T), and Rubrobacter marinus sp. nov., with the type strain SCSIO 52915T (=KCTC 49411T=CGMCC 1.13852T), are proposed.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Oceano Pacífico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
17.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5211-5216, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32816657

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, endospore-forming, motile and rod-shaped bacterium, designated as strain DSL-17T, was isolated from a tidal sediment of the East China Sea and characterized phylogenetically and phenotypically. The strain could grow at 16-47 °C (optimum 37 °C), at pH 6.0-10.0 (optimum 6.0) and with 1-7% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 3 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain DSL-17T was related to members of the genus Metabacillus and shared the highest similarity with Metabacillus litoralis SW-211T (98.6 %), followed by Metabacillus halosaccharovorans E33T (97.9 %), Metabacillus crassostreae JSM 100118T (97.7 %), Metabacillus niabensis 4T19T (97.7 %) and Metabacillus malikii NCCP-662T (97.5 %). 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities between strain DSL-17T and other members of the genus Metabacillus were below 96.6 %. The sole respiratory quinone was MK-7. Strain DSL-17T had a cell-wall peptidoglycan based on meso-diaminopimelic acid. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), three unidentified glycolipids and six unidentified lipids. The strain had iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C14 : 0, C16 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0 as major fatty acids. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 35.7 mol%. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data indicated that strain DSL-17T represents a novel species of the genus Metabacillus, for which the name Metabacillus sediminilitoris sp. nov. is proposed The type strain is DSL-17T (=MCCC 1K03777T=DSM 109843T).


Assuntos
Bacillaceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Bacillaceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5205-5210, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32816658

RESUMO

A Gram stain-positive, non-spore-forming, non-motile and rod-shaped actinomycete, strain 5221T, was isolated from the sediment of a river collected at Ronggui in the Pearl River Delta, PR China. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the strain formed a distinct lineage within the genus Brevibacterium and had the highest sequence similarity to Brevibacterium pityocampae Tp12T (96.7 %), followed by Brevibacterium daeguense 2C6-41T (96.5 %), Brevibacterium samyangense SST-8T (96.0 %) and Brevibacterium ravenspurgense 20T (95.9 %). The results of chemotaxonomic analyses, including detecting anteiso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0, and C16 : 0 as the major cellular fatty acids, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and three phosphoglycolipids as the polar lipids, MK-8(H2) as the major menaquinone, and a DNA G+C content of 72.4 mol%, supported that strain 5221T is a member of the genus Brevibacterium. Furthermore, low sequence similarities of 16S rRNA gene sequences, differences in fatty acid compositions and differential physiological characteristics such as enzyme activity and carbon sources utilization ability distinguished the isolate from its close relatives. Therefore, strain 5221T represents a novel species of the genus Brevibacterium, for which the name Brevibacterium rongguiense sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain 5221T (=GDMCC 1.1766T=KACC 21700T).


Assuntos
Brevibacterium/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rios/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Brevibacterium/isolamento & purificação , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5263-5270, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32821036

RESUMO

Strains J15B81-2T and J15B91T were isolated from a sediment sample collected from the South China Sea. Cells of both strains were observed to be rod-shaped, non-gliding, Gram-stain-negative, yellow-pigmented, facultatively anaerobic, catalase-positive, oxidase-negative and showing optimum growth at 30 °C. Strains J15B81-2T and J15B91T could tolerate up to 9 and 10  % (w/v) NaCl concentration and grow at pH 6.5-9.5 and 6.0-9.0, respectively. The strains shared 97.4 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to each other but were identified as two distinct species based on 81.1-85.8 % ANIb and 31.5 % dDDH values calculated using whole genome sequences. Strains J15B81-2T and J15B91T shared highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Salinimicrobium xinjiangense CGMCC 1.12522T (98.4 %) and Salinimicrobium sediminis CGMCC 1.12641T (98.0 %), respectively. Among species with validly published names, S. sediminis CGMCC 1.12641T shared close genetic relatedness with strains J15B81-2T [85.1-85.3% average nucleotide identity based on blastBlast+ (ANIb) and 30.6 % digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH)] and J15B91T (76.6-79.1 % ANIb and 21.5 % dDDH). The major fatty acid of strains J15B81-2T and J15B91T were identified as iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0, respectively, and the major polar lipids of the two strains consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified phospholipid, one unidentified aminolipid and one unidentified lipid. The strains contained MK-6 as their predominant menaquinone. The genomic G+C contents of strains J15B81-2T and J15B91T were determined to be 41.7 and 41.8 mol %, respectively. Both strains are considered to represent two novel species of the genus Salinimicrobium and the names Salinimicrobium nanhaiense sp. nov. and Salinimicrobium oceani sp. nov. are proposed for strains J15B81-2T (=KCTC 72867T=MCCC 1H00410T) and J15B91T (=KCTC 72869T=MCCC 1H00411T), respectively.


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5197-5204, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32821032

RESUMO

A novel endogenous actinobacteria strain, designated TRM 66187T, was isolated from Lycium ruthenicum sampled at Alar, Xinjiang, Northwest PR China, and characterized using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences affiliated strain TRM 66187T with the genus Streptomyces. The whole-cell sugar pattern of TRM 66187T consisted of galactose, glucose and ribose. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H4) and MK-9(H6). Major cellular fatty acids were iso-C14:0, iso-C15:0, anteiso-C15:0 and anteiso-C16:0. The detected polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannoside and two unidentified polar lipids. The G+C content of strain TRM 66187T was 71.8 mol%. Results of phylogenetic analysis showed that strain TRM 66187T had 98.48% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to the closest described species Streptomyces qinglanensis DSM 42035T. The average nucleotide identity value between strain TRM 66187T and the closest related strain Streptomyces qinglanensis DSM 42035T was calculated to be 77.2%. The digital DNA-DNA hybridization value between them was 22.4%. Multilocus sequence analyses based on five housekeeping genes (atpD, gyrB, recA, rpoB and trpB) also indicated that strain TRM 66187T should be assigned to the genus Streptomyces. On the basis of evidence from this polyphasic study, strain TRM 66187T should be designated as representing a novel species of the genus Streptomyces, for which the name Streptomyces lycii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TRM 66187T (=LMG 31493T=CCTCC AA 2018094T).


Assuntos
Lycium/microbiologia , Filogenia , Streptomyces/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Genes Bacterianos , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Streptomyces/isolamento & purificação , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
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